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Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 751-756, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995518


Objective:To investigate the predictive value of preoperative left atrial diameter in postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and its influencing factors.Methods:This study was a prospective observational study. A total of 113 patients with CABG surgery were enrolled in Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2020 to December 2020. Preoperative coronary angiography, echocardiography and blood test were finished. The number of graft vessel was counted during the operation. The occurrence of POAF was confirmed by electrocardiogram or electrocardiograph monitoring after surgery. The preoperative baseline data, blood test, perioperative complications and other indicators of patients with or without POAF were compared.Results:According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, 90 patients undergoing CABG were enrolled in the study[71 males and 19 females, aged from 42 to 75, mean age (62±8)years old]. The incidence of POAF was 27.8%(25 cases). The left atrial diameter[40(36-43)mm vs. 35(33-37)mm, P=0.00]and troponin I[4.76(0.87-13.60)ng/ml vs. 1.48(0.56-4.52)ng/ml, P=0.04] in patients with POAF were significantly higher than that in patients without POAF. Compared to patients without POAF, POAF significantly increased the incidence of stroke[4(16%) vs. 0(0), P=0.01], ICU stay[67(24-96) days vs. 22(19-41) days, P=0.00] and hospital stay[21(19-24) days vs. 16(14-24) days, P=0.05]. Binary logistic regression showed that left atrial diameter was significantly correlated with the occurrence of POAF ( OR=1.9, 95% CI: 1.39-2.79, P<0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that 40 mm of left atrial diameter was a predictor of POAF( AUC=0.82, sensitivity 52%, specificity 100%, P<0.001). Linear regression analysis showed that left atrial diameter was significantly positively correlated with hypersensitive C-reactive protein ( Beta=0.24, 95% CI: 0.00-0.26, P=0.043). Conclusion:POAF significantly increased the incidence of stroke after CABG. Preoperative left atrial diameter is an independent predictor for POAF, which is closely related to the systemic inflammatory response.

Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 163-167, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885809


Objective:To investigate the relationship between preoperative high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP) levels and clinical outcomes of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCABG) surgery.Methods:We prospectively selected 123 patients who received OPCABG at Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2019 to October 2019, and collected relevant preoperative and postoperative data. Patients were divided into a normal Hs-CRP group(78 cases) and an elevated Hs-CRP group(45 cases)according to the cutoff value (2 mg/L) of Hs-CRP level. The data of the two groups were compared, and regression analysis was performed on the postoperative data with differences to define independent factors.Results:The leukocyte count in the Hs-CRP group was significantly higher than that in the normal Hs-CRP group[(6.5±1.6)×10 9/ml vs. (7.4±2.1) ×10 9/ml, t=-2.839, P=0.005]. In the elevated Hs-CRP group, proportion of patients with atrial post-CABG atrial fibrillation (38% vs. 19%, χ2=5.100, P=0.024), duration of hospitalization[(21.2±7.1)days vs.(16.0±4.6)days, t=-4.469, P=0.000], hospital costs[(143.1±30.7)×10 3 yuan vs. (123.7±21.8)×10 3 yuan, t=-4.090, P=0.000]were significantly higher than those in the normal Hs-CRP level group. Smoking ( OR=1.660, 95% CI: 1.186-1.993, P=0.031) and Hs-CRP ( OR=1.170, 95% CI: 1.050-1.294, P=0.007) were independent risk factors for post-CABG atrial fibrillation. Hs-CRP ( B=0.436, 95% CI: 0.197-0.675, P=0.000) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, B=-0.180, 95% CI: -0.289--0.071, P=0.001) were independent influencing factors of duration of hospitalization. Hypertension ( B=-11.256, 95% CI: -20.670--1.842, P=0.020), Hs-CRP( B=1.235, 95% CI: 0.217-2.254, P=0.018) and LVEF ( B=-1.168, 95% CI: -1.634--0.702, P=0.000) were independent influencing factors of hospital costs. Conclusion:The preoperative Hs-CRP level of OPCABG is an independent influencing factor of post-CABG atrial fibrillation, duration of hospitalization and hospital costs. This finding lays the foundation for Hs-CRP combined with other indicators to accurately predict the prognosis of OPCABG and screen high-risk patients.