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1.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 281-287, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct and validate a theoretical model of residents′ willingness to participate in tiered medical care based on harmonious management theory, providing reference for promoting the tiered medical care system and aiding governmental decision-making.Methods:Based on the harmonious management theory and literature review, a model capturing residents′ propensity to engage in tiered medical care was formulated. Using convenience sampling method, a questionnaire survey was conducted on 2 067 residents from 24 communities in Zhejiang province from April to May 2022. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted on the survey results, and multilevel linear regression and structural equation modeling were used to analyze the driving mechanism of residents′ willingness to participate in tiered medical care.Results:The willingness rate of residents to participate in tiered medical care was 69.7%, which was at an average level. Regression insights highlighted the positive influence of policy support perception ( β=0.170, P<0.01), awareness of management mechanisms ( β=0.093, P<0.01), cognitive attitudes ( β=0.102, P<0.01), and trust levels ( β=0.244, P<0.01) on residents′ participation willingness. In contrast, resource allocation perceptions lacked a significant effect ( β=0.065, P>0.05). The structural equation model revealed that cognitive attitudes played a mediating role in the " policy system perception → participation willingness" and " management mechanism perception → participation willingness" pathways, with effect sizes of 0.030 and 0.039, respectively. Trust levels also mediated these paths, with effect sizes of 0.039 and 0.045, and entirely mediated the " resource allocation perception → participation willingness" path, registering an effect size of 0.053. Conclusions:The harmonious management theory can be used to explain the formation mechanism of residents′ willingness to participate in tiered medical care. The government and medical institutions urgently need to further improve residents′ awareness of tiered medical care, focus on enhancing residents′ trust, and further improve policies and management measures such as financial investment, medical insurance reimbursement, and referral systems.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 274-280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996074

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the driving mechanisms of doctors′ collaborative willingness and behavior in the tiered diagnosis and treatment system, in order to provide reference for promoting the construction of the tiered diagnosis and treatment system.Methods:Based on the harmonious management theory, a theoretical framework for the driving mechanisms of doctors′ collaborative behavior in the tiered diagnosis and treatment system was developed. Through random sampling, a questionnaire survey was conducted among doctors from 40 medical institutions in five prefecture-level cities in Zhejiang province between April and May 2022. The t-test, variance analysis, and non-parametric tests were employed to analyze the differences in collaborative willingness and behavior among doctors based on various demographic characteristics. The structural equation model and stratified linear regression were used to assess the impact of collaborative factors (professional environment and work expectations) and harmonious factors (perception of policy support and perception of management mechanism) on doctors′ collaboration willingness and behavior. Results:A total of 1 959 doctors participated in the survey. Doctors′ collaborative behavior scored 2.13±1.12, indicating a slightly below-average level, whereas their willingness to collaborate scored 3.88±0.79, falling between neutral and somewhat willing. Significant differences in collaborative behavior scores were observed based on the medical institution′s ranking, age, years of experience, monthly average income, and professional titles ( P<0.05). Both collaborative and harmonious factors directly influenced the doctors′ willingness to collaborate, with standardized path coefficients of 0.428 and 0.139, respectively. Similarly, these factors directly impacted their collaborative behavior, with standardized path coefficients of 0.104 and 0.366. The perceptions of policy support and management mechanisms demonstrated a significant positive moderating effect on the relationship between doctors′ collaborative willingness and behavior, with effect values of 0.047 and 0.043 respectively ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The collaborative and harmonious elements serve as positive drivers for collaboration among doctors in the tiered diagnosis and treatment system at both the cognitive and behavioral levels. Enhancing and optimizing policy support and management mechanisms can facilitate the transition from intention to actual collaborative actions among doctors from different levels of medical institutions.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 269-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996073

ABSTRACT

The tiered medical treatment system stands as a cornerstone in the deepening reforms of China′s medical and health sectors, playing a crucial role in building a healthy China. Exploring the harmonious coexistence mechanism of multiple entities on the supply and demand sides of the tiered diagnosis and treatment system, and promoting the formation of a scientific and reasonable tiered diagnosis and treatment order, has become an urgent public proposition that needs to be answered and has significant social impact. Addressing the challenges in China′s tiered medical treatment system, particularly its need for a more systematic, comprehensive, and collaborative approach, this study is informed by a thorough literature review. Based on the harmonious management and symbiosis theories, the authors proposed a theoretical concept and future research path for the formation of a harmonious symbiotic mechanism in the tiered diagnosis and treatment system, in order to pave the way for exploring the harmonious symbiotic mechanism in the tiered diagnosis and treatment system.

4.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 358-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976527

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method and study the pharmacokinetics for concentration determination of effective components in Xiakucao Xiaoliu mixture in Normal Rat Plasma By LC-MS/MS. Methods The mobile phase was methanol-water (0.1% formic acid) system under the positive ion mode of C18 chromatographic column, gradient elution was adopted, and the flow rate was 0.3 ml/min. In the negative ion mode, the mobile phase was acetonitrile-water (0.1% formic acid) system, gradient elution, with a flow rate of 0.4 ml/min. Caffeic acid, rosmarinic acid, syringic acid, rutin in positive ion mode and Atractylodes lactone II and Atractylodes lactone III in negative ion mode were respectively determined. Normal rats were intragastrically given Xiakucao Xiaoliu Mixture 7.8 ml/kg, and blood was taken from the orbit at different time points after the administration. The blood concentration was determined by the validated LC-MS/MS method and the non-standard DAS2.0 software was used. The pharmacokinetic parameters of rats after administration were calculated by the compartment model. Results The pharmacokinetic parameters belonged to non atrioventricular model. The pharmacokinetic characteristics of the four main anti-cancer active ingredients of Caffeic acid, Rosmarinic acid, Syringic acid and Atractylodes Ⅲ in rats after administration of Xiakucao Xiaoliu Mixture were significantly different from those reported in the literature after the administration of monomers. Conclusion The established method was simple, accurate and sensitive, which could be suitable for the content determination of effective components in Xiakucao Xiaoliu mixture in Normal Rat Plasma, which would be a valuable information for the study on main anticancer active substances.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1473-1480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004680

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the obstacles and causes of communication and cooperation among doctors, nurses and rehabilitation therapists in a stroke rehabilitation team. MethodsFrom July to October, 2022, twelve rehabilitation evaluation meetings were observed using ethnographic research, based on Shared Mental Model theory. Semi-structured interviews were held with five doctors, ten nurses and four rehabilitation therapists. ResultsFour themes and nine sub-themes were presented, namely equipment (poor interoperability of information system, limited knowledge of rehabilitation equipment for doctors and nurses), task (members were under time pressure to attend meeting, imperfect inter-discipline communication system), team interaction (insufficient information sharing, unfamiliar with roles/responsibilities, misunderstanding between specialties) and team member (less participation of nurses, limited multidisciplinary knowledge). ConclusionThe communication and cooperation among stroke rehabilitation team members is limited by many factors, such as equipment, task, team interaction and team members. It is suggested to improve interoperability of information systems, create a supportive environment, know each other's roles/responsibilities, strengthen interdisciplinary crossover, pay attention to and support the cultivation of nurses' ability, to promote efficient communication and cooperation among team members.

6.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 722-732, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003618

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the main active components and potential molecular mechanism of Sophora flavescens against breast cancer based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. Methods The chemical constituents were collected and screened by TCMSP, ETCM database and literature review. The targets of active ingredients were predicted by Swiss Target Prediction database. Breast cancer-related targets were collected by GeneCards, TTD, Drugbank and OMIM. The anti-breast cancer targets of Sophora flavescens were screened by Venny 2.1.0 software. Cytoscape software was used to construct the network diagram of Sophora flavescens-key active ingredients-targets. STRING database was used to analyze the common targets, and PPI network diagram was constructed. GO function enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of key target proteins were performed by DAVID database and Hiplot online platform. Schrodinger software was used to calculate the molecular docking between the active ingredients and targets. Molecular biological methods were used to verify the key targets. Results A total of 36 active components with clear structures were screened from Sophora flavescens. 70 anti-breast cancer targets of Sophora flavescens were screened out. 12 core targets including EGFR, AKT1, ESR1, SRC, CYP19A1, AR and ABCB1 participate in endocrine resistance, EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors and estrogen signaling pathways in breast cancer. Moreover, the docking score between the core component and the key target AR is the highest. In vitro experiments showed that the extract of Sophora flavescens can inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells, induce cell apoptosis and up-regulate AR protein expression. Conclusion It was revealed that Sophora flavescens plays an anti-breast cancer role by regulating complex biological processes through multiple components acting on multiple targets and signaling pathways. The upregulation of AR protein by Sophora flavescens may become a new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of breast cancer.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 637-642, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995964

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the research hot topics, knowledge evolution context, potential frontier trends and future breakthrough directions in the field of medical security governance in China.Methods:Subject term retrieval was used to study the literatures related to medical security governance published by CNKI from January 2009 to December 2021. CiteSpace V software was used to draw the keyword co-occurrence network, time zone map, cluster map, and emergent word graph, and to visually analyze and predict the frontier hotspots and evolution trends in the field of medical security governance.Results:A total of 793 literatures were retrieved. The cooperation network among medical security governance research institutions in China needed to be strengthened; the mainstream of research focused on basic research on medical insurance system design, research on medical security governance paths and methods, and empirical research combined with the era background or policy hotspots.Conclusions:There are some problems in the current rerearch on medical security governance, such as imperfect theoretical construction, research content to be expanded, insufficient communication and cooperation, etc. Future research hotspots tend to be innovation of the goal, structure and path of medical security governance, application of big data in the field of medical security governance, and research on crisis response and challenges of medical security governance under public health emergencies. Future research should strengthen multi-cooperation to jointly tackle key problems, pay attention to the cross-integration of disciplines, develop localized medical security governance innovation systems and mechanisms, and enrich problem-oriented empirical research.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 66-71, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872205

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on the KAP and Prospect theory, to explore, construct and verify the theoretical model and formation mechanism of driving factors of primary care doctors′ willingness to carry out the primary diagnosis.Methods:Using the random cluster sampling method, from April to May 2019, a questionnaire survey was conducted among doctors at 20 primary medical and health service institutions in Hangzhou. The survey covered the primary care doctors′ cognition level of primary diagnosis, their self-evaluation of primary medical care capabilities, evaluation of policies and systems, expectation of primary medical care, and their job satisfaction. Descriptive statistic, multiple linear regression and structural equation model were used to analyze and explore the driving factors and formation mechanism of their willingness to carry out the primary diagnosis.Results:Primary care doctors′ willingness rate for primary diagnosis was 76.4%(308/403). Positive expectation(beta=0.309), cognition level(beta=0.216), evaluation of policies and systems(beta=0.184), and self-evaluation of primary diagnosis capability(beta=0.170), all of which directly affect the said willingness. The total effect of the five types of driving factors on the willingness of the primary diagnosis was as follows: cognitive level of the primary diagnosis(0.536), evaluation of the policy system(0.494), self-evaluation of the primary diagnosis capability(0.436), positive expectations of the primary diagnosis work(0.186), job satisfaction(0.146).Conclusions:The cognition of the primary diagnosis, the capability of the primary diagnosis, the policy system and the positive expectation are the important premises, key driving forces, and a strong guarantee and motivation to drive primary care doctors to carry out the primary diagnosis. It is suggested that the government and medical institutions should further improve the cognition level of primary care doctors, focusing on systematically improving the service capability of primary care doctors′ primary consultation, coordinating to improve policy guidance measures such as financial input, medical insurance reimbursement and referral system, establishing and improving incentive measures such as career development, performance appraisal, salary and welfare of primary care doctors.

9.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 665-669, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866334

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of low-dose aspirin combined with letrozole on serum visfatin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(MCP-1) and pregnancy rate in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS).Methods:From November 2016 to November 2018, 110 patients with PCOS in the Third People's Hospital of Datong were selected.According to the random number table, they were divided into the observation group(60 cases) and the control group(50 cases). The control group was treated with letrozole, while the observation group was given letrozole combined with low-dose aspirin.The patients were continuously treated for 3 menstrual cycles.The changes of the serum visfatin, MCP-1, sex hormones, uterine artery blood flow before and after treatment, pregnancy and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results:After treatment, the serum visfatin, MCP-1, testosterone (T), luteinizing hormone (LH), LH/follicular estrogen (FSH), uterine arterial pulsation index (PI) and resistance index (RI) in the observation group were (11.03±2.17)ng/mL, (99.31±14.50)ng/L, (1.57±0.29)mmol/L, (6.57±1.30)U/L, (1.16±0.22), (1.07±0.24), (0.41±0.08), respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group[(15.57±2.56)ng/mL, (121.29±20.37)ng/L, (1.78±0.32)mmol/L, (8.40±1.88)U/L, (1.50±0.27), (1.45±0.29), (0.57±0.11)], the differences were statistically significant( t=10.068, 6.593, 3.608, 6.012, 7.278, 7.521, 8.815, all P<0.05). The ovulation rate and pregnancy rate in the observation group were 81.67%(49/60) and 35.00%(21/60), respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group[64.00%(32/50), 18.00%(9/50)](χ 2=4.385, 3.974, all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the total incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups( P>0.05). Conclusion:Low-dose aspirin combined with letrozole in the treatment of PCOS can effectively reduce the serum visfatin and MCP-1, regulate the sex hormones levels, improve uterine artery blood flow, improve pregnancy rate, and without increasing adverse drug reactions, so it's worthy of popularizing.

10.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 138-142, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817803

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the chemical constituents of Xiakucao Xiaoliu mixture by high performance liquid chromatography-high resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-TOF/MS). Methods The chromatographic separation ACE (3.0mm×150 mm) column was used. The mobile phase was methanol (A) and 0.1% formic acid (B). The gradient elution was: 0-5 min, 5% A; 5-10 min, 5%-15% A; 10-30 min, 15%-45%A; 30-40 min, 45%-70%B; 40-50 min, 70%-90%B. The injection volume was 2 μl. The flow rate was 0.4 ml/min. The column temperature was 25°C. The mass spectrometry was characterized by time-of-flight mass spectrometry, using ESI ion source. The common monitoring was in positive and negative ion mode. The reference ion was m/z 121.9856, 1033.9881. The scanning range was m/z 100-1200. Results A total of 37 chemical constituents were identified in the Xiakucao Xiaoliu mixture, 8 in the positive ion mode fragment voltage of 160 V, 28 in the negative ion mode fragment voltage of 160 V, and 19 in the fragment voltage of 260 V. Both positive and negative ions had 4 responses. The negative ion mode has 16 responses under both fragment voltages. And the ingredients were medicinal. Conclusion An effective method for the identification of the chemical constituents of Prunella vulgaris L. by HPLC-TOF/MS was established, which laid a foundation for its quality control and in-depth study in vivo.

11.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 57-62, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782385

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of Xiakucao Xiaoliu mixture on Lewis lung cancer mice. Methods 30 mice with C57BL/6 mouse Lewis lung cancer xenograft model were randomly divided into three groups: model control group, Xiakucao Xiaoliu mixture group (M group), cisplatin group (DDP group). M group and DDP group were administered continuously for 14 days. Through the general observation of Lewis lung cancer mice, tumor size was determined, HE staining method was used to determine the histopathological changes of tumors, and the expression of CyclinD1 and P16 in tumor tissues was determined by immunohistochemistry. Results The tumor weight of the model control group was the heaviest, and the difference was statistically significant compared with other groups. (P<0.05). Survival state and quality of life of mice had been improved to some extent in M group. The results of tumor growth curve and HE staining in each group of mice showed that the growth of tumor cells had been inhibited and normal cells had been protected. The positive expression of CyclinD1 was significantly decreased in M group and DDP group (P<0.01), but the effect of M group on the improvement of P16 positive expression was not significant. Conclusion Xiakucao Xiaoliu mixture had a good effect on inhibiting lung tumor growth.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 66-71, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798678

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Based on the KAP and Prospect theory, to explore, construct and verify the theoretical model and formation mechanism of driving factors of primary care doctors′ willingness to carry out the primary diagnosis.@*Methods@#Using the random cluster sampling method, from April to May 2019, a questionnaire survey was conducted among doctors at 20 primary medical and health service institutions in Hangzhou. The survey covered the primary care doctors′ cognition level of primary diagnosis, their self-evaluation of primary medical care capabilities, evaluation of policies and systems, expectation of primary medical care, and their job satisfaction. Descriptive statistic, multiple linear regression and structural equation model were used to analyze and explore the driving factors and formation mechanism of their willingness to carry out the primary diagnosis.@*Results@#Primary care doctors′ willingness rate for primary diagnosis was 76.4%(308/403). Positive expectation(beta=0.309), cognition level(beta=0.216), evaluation of policies and systems(beta=0.184), and self-evaluation of primary diagnosis capability(beta=0.170), all of which directly affect the said willingness. The total effect of the five types of driving factors on the willingness of the primary diagnosis was as follows: cognitive level of the primary diagnosis(0.536), evaluation of the policy system(0.494), self-evaluation of the primary diagnosis capability(0.436), positive expectations of the primary diagnosis work(0.186), job satisfaction(0.146).@*Conclusions@#The cognition of the primary diagnosis, the capability of the primary diagnosis, the policy system and the positive expectation are the important premises, key driving forces, and a strong guarantee and motivation to drive primary care doctors to carry out the primary diagnosis. It is suggested that the government and medical institutions should further improve the cognition level of primary care doctors, focusing on systematically improving the service capability of primary care doctors′ primary consultation, coordinating to improve policy guidance measures such as financial input, medical insurance reimbursement and referral system, establishing and improving incentive measures such as career development, performance appraisal, salary and welfare of primary care doctors.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 473-478, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756646

ABSTRACT

Higher service efficiency and better medical experience are main goals of the healthcare system reform.The article explained the logical framework, main actions, initial results of the " one visit for all" reform, which aims at promoting the efficiency of medical services and management in Hangzhou.Policy suggestions are raised, namely involving more people into the governance mechanism, collaboratively optimizing the working process of medical staff, improving the information security mechanism, and perfecting the effectiveness evaluation system.These measures are designed to accelerate the construction of modern hospital management system, and to build a scientific and orderly hierarchical medical system.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 468-472, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756645

ABSTRACT

Digital healthcare empowers optimization of medical services.This article introduced the practices and achievements of Hangzhou in the following aspects: the construction of a hierarchical medical system guided by " people-oriented integrated service" ; development of the five digital platforms, namely regional health information platform, integrated medical care platform, remote consultation platform, intelligent supervision platform and doctor-patient remote interaction platform; development of " Smart Medicine" to promote institutional cooperation, service integration, management coordination, quality improvement and doctor-patient interaction.The paper also analyzed the supporting role of digital healthcare construction in promoting the hierarchical medical system, and put forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 462-467, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756644

ABSTRACT

Based on a sufficient analysis of the theoretical framework of " transformation learning collaboration" ( TLC ) and " people-centered and integrated health care " ( PCIC ) mode, this article introduced the main practices and achievements of " Hangzhou characteristics" countywide medical alliances, centering on TLC mode.Hangzhou takes the countywide medical alliance construction as a pilot, refers to the TLC model, and takes growth-oriented collaboration as the guidance, to promote responsibility sharing, benefit sharing, service integration and management collaboration.Guided by the PCIC model proposed by the World Health Organization, the city has established an integrated service model of hierarchical medical system-prevention-rehabilitation-aging care.The countywide medical alliance system framework features " 5 fields, unified leadership, unified culture, 6 supports, 3 tasks and TLC teams " , which may provide references for the coordinated and integrated development of such alliances.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 457-461, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756643

ABSTRACT

Reform of public hospitals is key to the healthcare system reform.This article introduced how Hangzhou implemented such a reform of " Hangzhou characteristics" by referring to the hospital reform framework of the World Bank, and the theoretical achievements and practical experiences of domestic public hospitals′reform.Led by the service concept of " Medicine has its limitations but we have the courage to overcome, service is boundaryless and we must pursue excellence" , Hangzhou has established a public hospital value system of " reorientation to public welfare".The smart healthcare system serves as a focus, to support the delicacy management of the hospitals. The construction of hierarchical medical care system functions as the pillar, to support the coordinated development of hospitals, primary health institutions and public health institutions.This way a public hospital comprehensive reform mode is established featuring " one value system, 2 levels of organization structure, 6 mechanisms, and 19 supporting measures ". Its experiences may serve as reference to streamline hospital internal operation and external cooperation mechanism.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 452-456, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756642

ABSTRACT

Further healthcare system reform calls for desirable pathway design. This paper introduced the logical framework of the new healthcare system reform pathway design and typical practical experience in Hangzhou.Known for " Internet+Smart healthcare" forerunner, Hangzhou has pioneered the reform of public hospitals and the construction of smart handy service for the public.With the aim of fully protecting the health rights and interests of urban and rural residents, comprehensive policy has been taken to deepen the reform of public hospitals; with the comprehensive promotion of contracted services and the primary level sharing of resources as a carrier, we will build a hierarchical medical service system of vertical linkage.We will also innovate and practice the governing philosophy of " Medicine has its limitations but we have the courage to overcome, service is boundaryless and we must pursue excellence".Promotion of party building in the industry also ranks high.Deepening the reform of " one visit for all" in the field of medical and health services as a measure to enhance people′s sense of gain; The " public-private partnership" to encourage the development of the social governance system and legalization in healthcare proves successful at this stage. However, there are still many challenges in the information security maintenance of smart healthcare, the balance of stakeholder interests in public hospitals, the all-round advancement of hierarchical medical service, standardizing and streamlining the reform of " one visit for all".

18.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 905-910, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712628

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure and analyze the order degree of the internal subsystems and the synergetic degree of the compound system of rural public health service in county areas based on the synergy model of the compound system. Methods According to the distribution of eastern, central and western regions in China, Xiangshan county in Zhejiang province, Wuzhi county in Henan province and Bin county in Shaanxi province were sampled. Based on the index system of synergetic degree measurement including the 52 level-2 evaluation indicators, a questionnaire survey was used to measure the synergetic degree of the compound system of rural public health service in county areas. Results The highest synergetic degrees of the compound system of rural public health service in Xiangshan county, Wuzhi county and Bin county were only 0. 18153, 0. 18068 and 0. 21312 respectively. This indicated the synergy at a low degree. And the synergy of the supply-demand system was an important influential factor for synergy of this compound system, as their development trends were consistent basically. Conclusions The synergy model of the compound system can play a useful role in rural public health service system in county areas. The demand of rural residents deserves more attention and the difference between the service supply and demand should be reduced.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 900-904, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712627

ABSTRACT

Based on synergetics, system theory and dissipative structure theory, the connotation and composition of the compound system of rural public health service in country area are described in the paper. The authors proposed that the synergy degree model of the compound system for rural public health service in county areas comprises the order degree model and the synergy degree model of the compound system, which are composed of such subsystems as functionality, service network, demand, and economy. They also probed into the evaluation method for synergy degree and built the measuring index system of synergy degree comprising 59 level-2 evaluation indicators.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 743-748, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712590

ABSTRACT

Objective To further improve the comprehensive evaluation program of patient satisfaction in view of the defective item screening and weight design short of considerations for patients'psychological expectation and rational judgment, based on the theory of bounded rationality. Methods A satisfaction measurement scale was compiled and used to survey 847 inpatients in July-August 2017. The internal consistency test, correlation and factor analysis were used to evaluate the reliability and validity of the scale. The combination weight PWi was calculated based on patients' importance of the five satisfaction dimensions and the scoring of certainty degree of their responses. The combination weight EWi was calculated based on the five-dimension importance and operability scoring of expert consultation. The indicator combination weight OWi was determined using the integrated factors scoring, TOPSIS, weight rank-sun ratio, gray correlation method, and synthetic index method were used in a general assessment of patient satisfaction of a hospital in question. Results The Cronbach α coefficient of the patient satisfaction rating scale was 0.939, and the half-reliability coefficient was 0.951. The cumulative contribution rate of the five common factors variance extracted from the factor analysis was 71. 4%. The rational weights of five dimensions of service environment, service efficiency, service attitude, service technology, and service costs were 0.220, 0.214, 0.217, 0.179, and 0.171 respectively, while the comprehensive weights of the five dimensions were 0.115, 0.233, 0.196, 0.264, and 0.192 respectively. The comprehensive evaluation results of the two correlation coefficients were greater than 0.95. Conclusions The patient satisfaction measurement scale developed based on the theory of bounded rationality can expand the index connotation and items of core elements such as service technology and cost. The design of index weights fits with the concern of medical service factors and the degree of rational judgment in the patient's medical treatment process. The evaluation results are basically consistent with the actual situation and can be used as a reference tool for the scientific rational evaluation of patient satisfaction.

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