Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 160
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890408

ABSTRACT

Background@#Currently available guidelines contain conflicting recommendations on the management of blood pressure (BP) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Therefore, it is necessary to appraise the guidelines and summarize the agreements and differences among recommendations. @*Methods@#Four databases and the websites of guideline organizations were searched for guidelines regarding BP targets and thresholds for pharmacologic therapy in DM patients, and the included guidelines were appraised with the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument. @*Results@#In 6,498 records identified, 20 guidelines met our inclusion criteria with 64.0% AGREE II scores (interquartile range, 48.5% to 72.0%). The scores of the European and American guidelines were superior to those of the Asian guidelines (both adjusted P140 mm Hg (10 guidelines, 50%) and diastolic BP thresholds >90 mm Hg (nine guidelines, 45%). The tiny minority of the guidelines provided the relevant recommendations regarding the lower limit of official BP targets and the ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM)/home BP monitoring (HBPM) targets and thresholds in DM patients. @*Conclusion@#The lower official BP targets (<130/80 mm Hg) in patients with DM are advocated by most of the guidelines, but they contain conflicting recommendations on the official BP thresholds. Moreover, the gaps regarding the lower limit of official BP targets and the ABPM/HBPM targets and thresholds need to be considered by future study.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898112

ABSTRACT

Background@#Currently available guidelines contain conflicting recommendations on the management of blood pressure (BP) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Therefore, it is necessary to appraise the guidelines and summarize the agreements and differences among recommendations. @*Methods@#Four databases and the websites of guideline organizations were searched for guidelines regarding BP targets and thresholds for pharmacologic therapy in DM patients, and the included guidelines were appraised with the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument. @*Results@#In 6,498 records identified, 20 guidelines met our inclusion criteria with 64.0% AGREE II scores (interquartile range, 48.5% to 72.0%). The scores of the European and American guidelines were superior to those of the Asian guidelines (both adjusted P140 mm Hg (10 guidelines, 50%) and diastolic BP thresholds >90 mm Hg (nine guidelines, 45%). The tiny minority of the guidelines provided the relevant recommendations regarding the lower limit of official BP targets and the ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM)/home BP monitoring (HBPM) targets and thresholds in DM patients. @*Conclusion@#The lower official BP targets (<130/80 mm Hg) in patients with DM are advocated by most of the guidelines, but they contain conflicting recommendations on the official BP thresholds. Moreover, the gaps regarding the lower limit of official BP targets and the ABPM/HBPM targets and thresholds need to be considered by future study.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the health status, health-related behaviors and health needs of elderlies in eastern, central and western China and to understand their health experience, for exploring an efficient medical service model, and optimizing allocation of medical resources.Methods:This study used the 2008-2018 database from Chinese longitudinal healthy longevity survey organized by Peking University. It described the concentration trend of medical distance by median, compared the health status, health-related behaviors and health needs of the elderly in eastern, central and western China by χ2 tests, and analyzed time-distribution trends of the poor health status, negative health behaviors and health needs by linear relation test. Results:Among 49 611 subjects included in the study, 7 881 of them self-evaluated their health status as poor, 19 445 evaluated their recent health status as deteriorated, while 14 954 lack routine physical examination, 35 141 lack physical exercise, 8 178 smoked, 7 859 drunk, 35 814 had no access to health education services in their communities, 35 676 expressed their health education needs, and 2 637 lack adequate medical services. The difference of distribution of health status, health-related behaviors and health needs of the elderly in eastern, central and western China was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The health status, negative health behaviors and health needs of the elderly in 2008-2018 presented a linear time distribution trend( P<0.05), while the overall medical distance in eastern, central and western China was 1.02 km, 1.00 km and 1.56 km respectively, and the medical distance in the rural area further than that in the urban areas. Conclusions:The health status of the elderly in China needed to be further improved, the proportion of negative health behaviors was high, and the health needs of the elderly in central and western China were large. Promoting an active medical service mode in central and western China, strengthening the interactions between medical institutions and residential communities will contribute to health needs fulfillment and medical resource utilization.

4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 412-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888582

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the head and neck often develops lung metastasis. At present, there are not many research reports on ACC lung metastasis, little is known about its exact clinical features and treatment results, and there is no consensus on the best treatment strategy. This study explored the effective treatment strategies, clinical outcomes and long-term prognosis of head and neck ACC lung metastases.@*METHODS@#The clinical and follow-up data of 76 patients with head and neck ACC lung metastases were retrospectively analyzed. According to the initial treatment of patients, they are divided into 4 groups: surgery, surgery+chemotherapy or radiotherapy, chemotherapy or radiotherapy and supportive treatment. The patients were staged according to the International Registry of Lung Metastases Staging System (IRLM). Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to compare the statistical differences of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with different treatment methods and different IRLM stages.@*RESULTS@#The OS and PFS of patients undergoing surgery are better than those of supportive therapy or radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy (OS: P<0.000,1; PFS: P<0.000,1). The OS and PFS of patients with low stage IRLM are better than those with high stage (OS: P<0.000,1; PFS: P<0.000,1). Patients with single lung metastasis and without pleural effusion have better OS and PFS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The long-term prognosis of patients with lung metastasis of head and neck ACC who undergo surgery is better than other treatments, which is related to higher OS and PFS. For patients with ACC lung metastases who are operationally eligible, the significance of complete surgical resection should be higher than other treatment options.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 29-33, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884408

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the MRI features of the primary sinonasal malignant melanoma (SMM) and evaluate the signal pattern based on T 1WI and T 2WI, in order to improve the diagnostic accuracy of SMM. Methods:The MRI findings of 63 SMM cases confirmed by pathology from April 2007 to November 2018 at Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. The signal intensity of malignant melanoma was classified into four types(Ⅰ—Ⅳ) according to the proportion of signal areas of the largest slice of the tumor on T 1WI and T 2WI. The classification criteria according to T 1WI: type Ⅰ, the area of hyperintensity was ≥50%; type Ⅱ, the area of hyperintensity was <50%; type Ⅲ, the tumor did not show hyperintensity, and the area of isointensity was ≥50%; type Ⅳ, the tumor did not have high signal area, and the area of low signal was ≥50%. The classification criteria according to T 2WI: type Ⅰ, the area of low signal in the tumor was ≥50%; type Ⅱ, the area of low signal was <50%; type Ⅲ, the tumor did not contain low signal area, and the area of isointensity was ≥50%; type Ⅳ, the tumor did not have low signal area, and the area of high signal intensity was ≥50%. The proportion of each type was calculated. Results:According to T 1WI, typeⅠwas identified in 27 cases (42.9%, 27/63), typeⅡ in 25 cases (39.7%, 25/63), type Ⅲ in 4 cases (6.3%, 4/63), and type Ⅳ in 7 cases (11.1%, 7/63). According to T 2WI, type Ⅰwas demonstrated in 29 cases (46.0%, 29/63), type Ⅱ in 28 cases (44.4%, 28/63), type Ⅲ in 2 cases (3.3%, 2/63), and type Ⅳ in 4 cases (6.3%, 4/63). There were 16 cases classified as type I based on T 1WI and T 2WI. Conclusions:Typical and atypical SMM can be identified according to signal patterns. The typeⅠsignal pattern of SMM cases on T 1WI and T 2WI is typical and can be easily diagnosed, but the proportion was less than 50%. For atypical SMM, malignant melanoma should be strongly suspected if hyperintense on T 1WI or hypointense on T 2WI is found.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883796

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of microscopic myringoplasty versus endoscopic myringoplasty in the treatment of tympanic membrane perforation caused by chronic suppurative otitis media. Methods:The clinical data of 91 patients with tympanic membrane perforation caused by chronic suppurative otitis media who received treatment in Jiaxing Second Hospital, China between February 2017 and March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into a control group ( n = 45) and an observation group ( n = 46) according to different surgery methods. The control group was given microscopic tympanoplasty, while the observation group was given endoscopic tympanoplasty under the otoendoscope. Results:Blood loss in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(7.2 ± 2.0) mL vs. (13.7 ± 3.1) mL, t = 11.912, P < 0.001]. Operation time in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(59.4 ± 5.4) min vs. (91.5 ± 11.2) min, t = 17.474, P < 0.001]. Postoperative pain score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(2.9 ± 0.7) points vs. (4.8 ± 1.3) points, t = 8.707, P < 0.001]. Hospital stay in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(4.3 ± 1.0) d vs. (6.5 ± 1.5) d, t = 8.249, P < 0.001]. Pure tone hearing thresholds at 1, 2 and 4 kHz frequencies in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P < 0.05). Patient satisfaction regarding the aesthetic effect of the surgical incision in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [97.8% (45/46) vs. 77.8% (35/45), χ2 = 8.604, P = 0.003]. Conclusion:Endoscopic myringoplasty has the advantages including shorter operation time, less blood loss, lower degree of pain, better hearing improvement and higher patient satisfaction over microscopic myringoplasty in the treatment of tympanic membrane perforation caused by chronic suppurative otitis media.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882748

ABSTRACT

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a multisystemic complex genetic disorder caused by the lack of expression of genes associated with the 15q11.2-q13 region of the paternal chromosome.There are three main types of genetic mechanisms, deletion of the paternal critical region, maternal uniparental disomy and imprinting center defect.Genetic counseling can be carried out based on different genetic mechanisms of PWS, both re-fertility assessments and prenatal diagnoses were performed on couples whose children have already had the disease.The pathogeny and mechanism of PWS are complex.The rapid development of molecular genetics and related research have provided a basis for further understanding of this disease.In this paper, the advances in the genetics of PWS were reviewed.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882408

ABSTRACT

Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) refers to the decline of cognitive function after stroke, including mild cognitive impairment and dementia. It is very important to prevent PSCI, and it is a direction worth exploring to find the predictors. This article reviews the research progress of the predictors of PSCI, including demographic characteristics, imaging characteristics of stroke onset, stroke itself characteristics, and molecular markers, hoping to help screen high-risk patients and intervene in time to delay the occurrence and development of PSCI.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907380

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of total cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) burden in octogenarians with CSVD and to investigate its correlation with serum uric acid.Methods:From January 2019 to December 2020, patients with CSVD diagnosed by 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in Departments of Neurology and Departments of Geriatrics, Liaoning Jinqiu Hospital were enrolled retrospectively. The patients were scored and grouped according to the total CSVD burden assessment standard. Ordered logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent influencing factors of the total CSVD burden score, and the Spearman rank correlation method was used to conduct the correlation analysis between serum uric acid and the total CSVD burden score. Results:A total of 217 octogenarians with CSVD were enrolled in the study. Their age was 87.3±4.5 years, 150 were males (69.1%), and their median serum uric acid was 313.0 μmol/L. The total CSVD burden score: 50 patients (23.1%) in 1-point group, 79 (36.4%) in 2-point group, 68 (31.3%) in 3-point group, and 20 (9.2%) in 4-point group. The imaging subtypes of CSVD were mainly asymptomatic lacunar infarcts (ALIs; 98.2%) and white matter hyperintensities (WMHs; 77.0%). The CSVD subtype combination was different between different total CSVD burden score groups. There were only two subtypes in the 1-point group, mainly ALIs (92.0%), and WMHs accounted for only 8.0%. Four subtypes could be observed in other groups, among which ALIS+ WMHs mixed subtype (100% in the 3-point group and the 4-point group) accounts for the highest proportion. The detection rates of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS) increased significantly with the increase of the total CSVD burden score. The 3-point group was 44.1% and 55.9% respectively. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in age, male, hypertension, coronary heart disease, serum uric acid level, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and the highest quartile of serum uric acid between total CSVD burden score groups ( P<0.05). Multinomial ordinal logistic regression analysis showed that there was significant independent correlation between age (odds ratio 1.074, 95% confidence interval 1.013-1.140; P=0.017), serum uric acid (odds ratio 1.005, 95% confidence interval 1.000-1.009; P=0.032) and the total CSVD burden score. Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between serum uric acid and the total CSVD burden score ( r=0.153, P=0.024). Conclusions:ALIs and WMHs are most common in octogenarians with CSVD. Four subtypes were observed in each group ≥2, and the proportion of EPVS and CMBs also increases with the increase of the total CSVD burden score. There is an independent correlation between serum uric acid and the total CSVD burden in the octogenarians.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872347

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct data mining on hospital accreditation results for inspirations and clues in hospital management.Methods:The Apriori function contained in the arules package of R software was used to extract the association rules. This practice aimed to analyze association rules of the accreditation results of 56 tertiary hospitals which were made based on tertiary hospital accreditation standard(2011)and Detailed Rules from 2017 to 2019; to explore the correlation between the clauses, and analyze the inspirations for hospital management.Results:A total of 6 566 138 and 247 rules were generated for all clauses and core clauses, receptively. The top 10 rules sorted by lift were selected as strong association rules. Among them, the minimum lift of all clauses and core clauses was 1.41 and 1.53, respectively. There was a strong correlation between the establishment of a quality and safety management team in the hospital and the development & implementation of relevant regulations by the hospital. There were strong correlations among emergency service procedure and regulations, patient rights to know, responsibility system by the first one to receive a complaint, medical safety(adverse)event reporting, development & implementation of antimicrobial management system, as well as training for prevention of multi-drug resistance infection measures, and multi-drug resistance infection hospital infection control system.Conclusions:This study suggested that hospital management should highlight the correlation between regulations development and staffing, that between indicator systems and monitoring feedback systems, and that between indicators in different sectors in the medical process. These correlations can be used as management clues and inspirations for hospital management.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871759

ABSTRACT

Macular edema is formed by the accumulation of extracellular fluid or intracellular fluid in the macular area of the retina. In a physiological state, the retina is kept relatively dehydrated and transparent, thereby ensuring the transmission of optical signals. This process requires multiple active or passive liquid transport systems to be performed together, and any of these process anomalies can disrupt the retinal water ion homeostasis, causing an imbalance between fluid entry and exit processes, leading to fluid formation. Macular edema is not an independent disease, it can occur in the process of many retinal diseases. It is the main cause of serious damage to the central vision, the main causes of diabetes, retinal vein occlusion, choroidal angiogenesis, uveitis, postoperative inflammation and tumor. This review mainly discusses the complex mechanism of macular edema caused by retinal barrier dysfunction when retinal water ion homeostasis is abnormal at the cellular and molecular levels. The purpose of this review is to provide a deeper overview of macular edema and its mechanisms of development, opening up new prospects for new prevention and treatment strategies for macular edema, a serious threat to vision.

12.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 706-710, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870873

ABSTRACT

Rotational vertebral artery occlusion syndrome, also known as bow hunter′s syndrome (BHS), is a rare cause of posterior circulation ischemia. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is still the gold standard for diagnosis. A case of bilateral cerebellar infarction, with color Doppler ultrasound showing special vertebral artery hemodynamic changes after head and neck rotation, was diagnosed by DSA as BHS and intracranial vertebral artery dissection. Based on the literature published previously, the clinical manifestations and imaging features of BHS were discussed to improve clinicians′ awareness of the syndrome.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 221-226, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870790

ABSTRACT

Fibrinogen is a glycoprotein that has hemostatic and clotting effects and participates in the process of thrombosis, and also participates in the process of mediating inflammatory response. At present, the study on the relationship between fibrinogen, fibrinogen Bβ-455G/A gene polymorphism and ischemic stroke has attracted people′s attention, but there are few relevant reports, especially the study on the relationship between fibrinogen, fibrinogen Bβ-455G/A gene polymorphism and small-artery-occlusion cerebral infarction, and the conclusions are inconsistent. This paper reviews the recent studies on the correlation between fibrinogen, fibrinogen Bβ-455G/A gene polymorphism and ischemic stroke, mainly with small-artery-occlusion cerebral infarction.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869874

ABSTRACT

Twenty-three secondary and higher level hospitals in Nantong City were selected from June 3 to June 19, 2019, and the anesthesia safety and quality control surveys were conducted by using "Supervision and Evaluation Scale of Medical Quality Control Index System in a Department of Anesthesiology in Nantong City (2019 edition)" and "Special Supervision and Evaluation Scale of Perioperative Management and Information Construction in a Department of Anesthesiology in Nantong City (2019 edition)" . The results showed that the total score for medical quality control was 90.2±1.3, and the rate of reaching the standard was 87%.The department configuration score was (12.4±0.7), with the rate of reaching the standard 100%, 87% hospitals had anesthesia recovery rooms, but only 2 hospitals had anesthesia clinics.The staffing score was (15.50±0.23), with the rate of reaching the standard 74%, Nantong City had 0.67 anesthesiologists per 10 000 population, the ratio between the number of anesthesiologists and the number of operating rooms was (1.55±0.10), the ratio between the number of nurse anesthetists and the number of operating room was (0.30±0.04), and three hospitals even had no nurses in the department of anesthesiology.The department management and system score was (28.6±0.5), the rate of reaching the standard was 91%, and the operation safety verification system was not implemented in place in 87% hospitals.The medical technique score was (33.6±0.7), the rate of reaching the standard was 83%, and anesthesiology department was not equipped with anesthesia depth monitor, muscle relaxation monitor, body temperature monitor and other equipment in 35% hospitals.The perioperative management and information construction score was (40.2±1.7), the rate of reaching the standard was 48%, standardized post-operative ward round system was not carried out in 43% hospitals, and the surgical anesthesia information system was not used in 65% hospitals.In conclusion, the current status of anesthesia safety and quality control in secondary and higher level hospitals in Nantong City mainly manifests in the urgent need to improve the awareness of anesthesia safety and quality control, lack of doctors and nurses in a department of anesthesiology and lag of anesthesia information construction.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864571

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of family function and self-care ability in elderly patients with total hip arthroplasty, and analyze the relationship between them.Methods:From March 2018 to March 2019, the convenience sampling method was used. 224 elderly patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty who were hospitalized in the orthopedics department of the Red Cross Hospital of Yulin City, Guangxi were selected as the research objects. The Family Function Assessment Form (APGAR) and the Self-care Capability Scale (ESCA) were used to survey patients ′ family functions and self-care capabilities. Results:The total score of family function of elderly patients with total hip arthroplasty was 8.16 ± 1.98, and those with good family function accounted for 71.88%(161/224); the total score of self-care ability was 84.32 ± 6.54. Those with moderat to low self-care ability accounted for 81.70%(183/224). Patients ′ family function was positively correlated with self-care ability ( P <0.05). Conclusions:The family function of elderly patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty is closely related to their self-care ability. Interventions should be taken to improve the family function of the patients and thus improve their self-care ability.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863136

ABSTRACT

The integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is important for maintaining the function of the central nervous system. Its leakage can occur prior to structural changes. At present, the role of BBB leakage abnormalities in the occurrence and development of cognitive impairment has attracted attention, and it has been found that Alzheimer's disease and vascular cognitive impairment are related to BBB leakage abnormalities. This article reviews the pathophysiology of BBB leakage in Alzheimer's disease and vascular cognitive impairment.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863115

ABSTRACT

Polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) are the two most common subtypes of myeloproliferative diseases. Recent studies have shown that cerebral thrombosis is one of the major complications of PV and ET, which is closely related to the poor outcomes of patients. Meanwhile, PV and ET also increase the risk of recurrent cerebrovascular events in patients with cerebral thrombosis. This article reviews the research progress on the correlation between PV and ET and cerebral thrombosis, in order to provide the basis for clinical prevention and treatment of PV and ET.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863113

ABSTRACT

Large artery atherosclerosis and the vascular stenosis caused by it are the important causes of ischemic stroke. Cerebral microbleeds are an imaging manifestation of cerebral small vessel disease. Intracranial large blood vessels and small blood vessels are structurally continuous, simultaneously affected by hemodynamics, and exposed to overlapping risk factors, so both of them may coexist in the same organism. This article reviews the research progress of the relationship between large artery atherosclerosis and cerebral microbleeds in recent years.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799001

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyse the outcomes and the prognostic factors of patients with sinonasal malignancies following endoscopic endonasal approach, and to compare the pre- and post-operative quality of life.@*Methods@#A retrospective single-center review of 79 patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal approach for sinonasal malignancies in Beijing Tongren Hospital from October 2004 to March 2017 was performed, including 51 males and 28 females, with a median age of 48 years. Data of demography, imaging (including nasal CT and MRI before operation), histopathology and treatment strategy were collected. Recurrence and distant metastasis were diagnosed according to endoscopic examination, MRI and general check-up after surgery. Pre- and post-operative quality of life scores were obtained by sinonasal outcome test-22, visual analog scale and anterior skull base surgery questionnaire. SPSS 22 software was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#The study consisted of 13 pathological types with sinonasal T1-T4 stage tumors, including cervical lymph nodes and/or distant metastasis. All patients underwent endoscopic endonasal approach surgery. After 43 months of median follow-up time, the overall, disease-free, and recurrence-free survival rates at 1, 3, 5 and 10 years was 97.4%, 92.5%, 92.5% and 83.7%; 83.2%, 68.3%, 56.8% and 33.6%; 84.5%, 66.6%, 58.0% and 34.4%, respectively. Postoperative recurrence was an independent risk factor affecting the overall survival rate (HR=8.852, P=0.044), and preoperative recurrence (secondary surgery) was an independent risk factor affecting the disease-free and recurrence-free survival rate (HR value was 2.237 and 2.095 respectively, P value was 0.029 and 0.047 respectively). After surgery, the olfaction and nasal scab got worse, while the nasal obstruction and breathing were improved.@*Conclusions@#Endoscopic endonasal approach for sinonasal malignancies can achieve satisfactory outcomes, and has obvious advantages in improving the quality of life. Postoperative recurrence and preoperative recurrence are the prognostic factors.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803205

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the effects of continuous nursing(CN) on rehabilitation of patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) and to explore the effective interventive measures for CN.@*Methods@#Totally 129 admitted HICH patients from January to December 2017 were selected and randomly divided into study group (63 cases) and control group (66 cases), the control group was handed with Handbook of stroke prevention and control before discharge, the study group received CN intervention, which included pre-discharge health education, family visits, patient management and video interview via WeChat App, group lecture and psychological support, self-nursing ability, motor function and ability of daily life and emotional condition were evaluated before and post discharge, and the disabled ratio 6 months after discharge between the 2 groups were compared.@*Results@#The 2 groups with the scores of exercise of self-care agency scale (ESCA) were increased significantly compared with before discharge (all P<0.05) ; the study group with the ESCA scores 3 months and 6 months after discharge were significantly higher than the control group [3months:118.5±8.2 vs. 112.3±7.5; 6 months: 127.7±8.7 vs. 119.3±9.1] (all P<0.05) . Fugl Meyer score and Barthel index of the 2 group after discharge were both lower than the pre-discharge levels (all P<0.05); Fugl Meyer score and Barthel index of the study group 3 months and 6 months after discharge were significantly higher than the control group [3 months: Fugl Meyer score 73.3±7.3 vs. 69.4±6.9; Barthel index 56.5±8.0 vs. 51.8±7.3; 6 months: Fugl Meyer score77.6±8.0 vs. 74.5±7.2; Barthel index 67.5±8.7 vs. 63.0±7.4] (all t=2.291-3.454, P<0.05). Two groups with HAD score after discharge were significantly decreased compared with before discharge (P<0.05); the study group with the HAD-A and HAD-D scores 3 and 6 months after discharge were significantly lower than the control group[3 months: HAD-A 6.75±2.23 vs. 8.02±2.85; HAD-D 6.07±1.75 vs. 7.23±1.94; 6 months: HAD-A 5.93±2.04 vs. 6.84±2.37; HAD-D 5.86±1.47vs. 6.75±1.76] (all P<0.05) . The study group with the re-admission rate and disabled ratio within 6 months after discharge were both lower than the control group, but the differences without statistical significance (all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The HICH patients added with CN can significantly improve self-care ability, improve prognosis; patient management via WeChat App and group lecture & psychological support are effective measures to carry out CN.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL