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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2369-2382, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982871

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an insidious pulmonary vasculopathy with high mortality and morbidity and its underlying pathogenesis is still poorly delineated. The hyperproliferation and apoptosis resistance of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) contributes to pulmonary vascular remodeling in pulmonary hypertension, which is closely linked to the downregulation of fork-head box transcriptional factor O1 (FoxO1) and apoptotic protein caspase 3 (Cas-3). Here, PA-targeted co-delivery of a FoxO1 stimulus (paclitaxel, PTX) and Cas-3 was exploited to alleviate monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension. The co-delivery system is prepared by loading the active protein on paclitaxel-crystal nanoparticles, followed by a glucuronic acid coating to target the glucose transporter-1 on the PASMCs. The co-loaded system (170 nm) circulates in the blood over time, accumulates in the lung, effectively targets the PAs, and profoundly regresses the remodeling of pulmonary arteries and improves hemodynamics, leading to a decrease in pulmonary arterial pressure and Fulton's index. Our mechanistic studies suggest that the targeted co-delivery system alleviates experimental pulmonary hypertension primarily via the regression of PASMC proliferation by inhibiting cell cycle progression and promoting apoptosis. Taken together, this targeted co-delivery approach offers a promising avenue to target PAs and cure the intractable vasculopathy in pulmonary hypertension.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1156-1164, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957109

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcomas are the most common primary malignant bone tumors in children and adolescents. Osteolysis is a common feature of all osteosarcomas (traditional, intramedullary, and periosteum). However, the specific mechanism of osteolysis is unknown and many researchers have studied it from different perspectives. Osteolysis is a process in which physiological bone remodeling is disrupted and excessive bone resorption occurs. Osteoclasts, the only cells with bone resorption function in the human body, play a key role in the pathological process of osteolysis in osteosarcomas. Osteoclasts play a leading role in osteolysis by secreting a high concentration of acid and collagenase, and they also mediate the occurrence and development of osteolysis in osteosarcoma through synergistic interaction with osteosarcoma cells. At the same time, osteolysis is an essential part of the pathological process of osteosarcoma, which can promote the occurrence and development of osteosarcoma and form a vicious cycle. Inhibiting osteolysis is of great significance to break this cycle and prevent the occurrence and development of osteosarcoma. However, the specific regulatory mechanism between osteosarcoma cells and osteoclasts and whether other cells in osteosarcoma are also involved in this pathological process remain unclear. Currently, bisphosphonates, small molecule inhibitors and natural compounds are the main drugs used to treat osteolysis of osteosarcoma. However, their efficacy and mechanism are still in the early stage of research. Previous studies on neoplastic osteolysis have mostly focused on metastatic bone tumors. Recently, studies on osteolysis of osteosarcoma have attracted more and more attention. The mechanism of osteoclasts and osteosarcoma cells in tumor-mediated osteolysis and the status of drug therapy of these two cell types as therapeutic targets are reviewed and analyzed. A deeper understanding of the role of osteolysis in the initiation and development of osteosarcoma will provide a theoretical basis and direction for the treatment of osteolysis in the context of osteosarcoma.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1117-1121, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application value of SPECT lung perfusion imaging in guiding radiotherapy path, optimizing the radiotherapy plan for lung cancer and protecting lung function during radiotherapy for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer.Methods:In this study, 84 patients with stage Ⅲ non-resectable non-small cell lung cancer were randomly divided into the control group ( n=44) and observation group ( n=40). In the control group, radiotherapy plan based on conventional CT images was delivered, and two plans based on the lung function information suggested by conventional CT and SPECT lung perfusion imaging: P1 and P2 were given in the observation group. All patients in the observation group were finally treated according to the P2 plan. The incidence of radiation pneumonitis, and changes in lung function before and after radiotherapy were statistically compared between two groups. The dose-volume parameters of P1 and P2 were statistically compared. Results:After the plan was optimized, the incidence of radiation pneumonitis in the observation group was significantly reduced and the decline of lung function was significantly improved (both P≤0.001). The functional dose parameters were significantly improved in the P2 plans (both P<0.05), whereas the irradiation dose of organs at risk did not significantly change ( P>0.05). Conclusion:SPECT lung perfusion imaging optimizes the intensity-modulated radiotherapy plan, which can reduce the functional lung dose and increase the tumor radiotherapy dose without increasing the irradiation dose of other organs at risk.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 634-638, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the missing report rate and reporting status of infectious diseases in private medical institutions and discuss the defects involved, so as to provide a scientific basis for further standardizing the management of infectious disease reporting.Methods:By virtue of onsite data collection and face-to-face interview of 16 private hospitals in Chaoyang district of Beijing from January to May 2019, which were equipped with direct network report system, qualitative and quantitative data of their current infectious disease reporting were collected. Ratio or constituent ratio indicators was used to describe sample characteristics and survey indicators, while the ratio or constituent ratio were compared via χ2 test. Results:The missing report rate of these hospitals was 11.73%. Top three infectious diseases neglected were acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis(100.00%), genital herpes(100.00%)and viral hepatitis(96.36%). The missing report rate of inpatients was higher than that of outpatients, and that of chronic infectious diseases was higher than that of acute infectious diseases. These hospitals were found with such defects as insufficient training of infectious disease diagnosis, and poor self-inspecting regulations and poor management actions.Conclusions:The missing reports rate of infectious diseases was high among private hospitals in Chaoyang district, especially that of chronic infectious diseases. It is necessary to strengthen infectious disease diagnosis training, and further standardize the infectious disease reporting process in hospitals using the electronic information systems, so as to reduce underreporting and consolidate infectious disease prevention and control in hospitals.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 384-389, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756297

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influencing factors of different bowel preparation before colonoscopy on the intestinal cleanliness and polyp detection rate .Methods From March to August in 2018, at the Center of Endoscopy of Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University , the patients who underwent colonoscopy were selected and their general data of bowel preparation regimens were collected .Self-factors of the patients, different bowel preparation regimens , bowel preparation quality and polyp detection rate were observed.The quality of bowel preparation was evaluated by Boston bowel preparation scale (BBPS).T test, and analysis of variance and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis .Results Among 1008 patients who underwent colonoscopy , there were 506 males and 502 females, and average age was (57.3 ±13.7) years. There were statistically significant differences in BBPS score of patients with different body mass index (BMI), Parkinson disease and history of abdominal surgery (F=3.319, t=-2.060 and -2.544;all P<0.05).The BBPS score of patients with three-day low residue diet before examination was higher than that of those without preparation before examination (6.04 ±2.50 vs.5.54 ±2.73), and the difference was statistically significant (t=2.514, P=0.010).The BBPS scores of 2000 mL polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage solution (PEG) taken once , 2000 mL PEG taken separately , 3000 mL PEG taken once and 3000 mL PEG taken separately were 5.06 ±2.88, 6.11 ±2.44, 5.94 ±2.32 and 6.10 ±2.47, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (F=7.242,P<0.01).There were significant differences in polyp detection rates among the patients with different age , gender, BMI, and with history of constipation , hypertension and diabetes mellitus (χ2 =33.170, 8.489, 12.024, 4.034, 26.790, 10.381;all P<0.05).The polyp detection rate of patients with oral methyl silicone oil was higher than that of patients without oral methyl silicone oil (52.6%, 30/57 vs.29.7%, 221/744), and the difference was statistically significant (χ2 =12.934, P<0.01).Age (odds ratio (OR)=1.328, 95%confidence interval (CI) 1.162 to 1.517) and BMI (OR=1.412, 95%CI 1.115 to 1.787) were independent risk factors for polyp detection rate .Conclusions Parkinson disease, history of abdominal surgery and BMI are the related factors affecting the quality of bowel preparation before colonoscopy .Age and BMI are independent risk factors for polyp detection rate .

6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 286-291, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805039

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To detect 20 common deafness gene mutations in non-syndromic hearing loss patients in China using the melting curve method, and analyze and summarize the mutation data to explore the clinical value of this method.@*Methods@#The real-time fluorescence PCR melting curve method was used to detect 20 common mutations of four deafness genes(GJB2,GJB3,SLC26A4 and mtDNA) in 492 patients with non-syndromic hearing loss recruited between March 2014 and September 2016 from the Otolaryngology Department of Xiangya Hospital, Central South University(283 males and 209 females, the age ranged from 1 to 48 years old). The Sanger sequencing method was used to compare the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and total coincidence rate of the deafness mutation detected by the real-time fluorescence PCR melting curve method.@*Results@#A total of 492 samples were detected. 193 wild-type samples, 93 homozygous mutant samples, 145 heterozygous mutant samples, 59 composite heterozygous mutant samples and 2 samples with unknown mutations were detected using the real-time fluorescence PCR melting curve method within the range of 20 gene mutations, whichwere identical to the Sanger sequencing results.The two samples were detected as unknown mutations by the real-time fluorescent PCR melting curve method were confirmed by Sanger sequencing, including a composite heterozygous mutant sample and a homogenous mutation sample. GJB2 c.235delC and SLC26A4 c.919-2 A>G were the most common hotspot mutations in this study, followed by mtDNA m.1555 A>G. Compared with the Sanger sequencing method, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and total coincidence rate of the real-time fluorescence PCR melting curve method were 100%, the Youden′s index was 1.0, and the Kappa value was 1.@*Conclusions@#The real-time fluorescence PCR melting curve method is suitable for the detection of deafness gene mutations. It has the advantages in terms of simple, rapid, high sensitivity and strong specificity and can accurately detect the 20 gene mutations of 4 common deafness genes in Chinese population, which is expected to be used for the clinical detection of deafness genes in the future.

7.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1235-1238,1243, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697752

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of serum adenosine deaminase level in type 1 diabe-tes patients(T1DM)with acute or chronic diabetes complications. Methods One hundred and eighty-four cases of type 1 diabetes patients were divided into three groups:T1DM without any complications(n = 55),T1DM with acute diabetes complications(n = 47)and T1DM with chronic diabetes complications(n = 82). We also enrolled 108 healthy persons as the control group.The clinical and biochemical data were collected and the influencing fac-tors of serum ADA were analyzed. Resultes(1)Serum ADA level of T1DM patients was higher than that of the healthy control people.T1DM patients with acute diabetes complications had lower serum ADA level compared with T1DM patients with chronic complications.(2)Results of Pearson correlations analysis showed that serum ADA level had positive correlation with fasting blood glucose.(3)Logistic regression analysis showed that the increase of serum ADA level was an independent risk factor in patients with chronic diabetes complications(OR:1.159,95% Cl:1.044~1.286),while it was a protective factor in patients with acute diabetes complications(OR:0.857,95% Cl:0.748~0.981). Conclusions High serum ADA level was observed in type 1 diabetes patients. The serum ADA level was an independent risk factor for T1DM patients with chronic diabetes complications,while it was a protective factor for T1DM patients with acute diabetes complications.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 288-292, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492075

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish and compare asthma models among different strains of obese mice. Methods Different strains of SPF female mice, namely Kunming ( KM ) , C57BL/6J and BALB/c mice, were randomly divided into four groups ( control group, asthma group, obesity group and obese asthma group). The mice were fed a high-fat diet or a normal diet for 12 weeks, following which they were sensitized and challenged with ovalbu-min ( OVA) or phosphate-buffered saline ( PBS) . Body weight, fat weight, liver weight, Lee′s index, OVA-specific IgE concen-tration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid ( BALF) , serum total cho-lesterol ( TC) and triglyceride ( TG) levels, and lung and adi-pose morphologies were evaluated. The specific airway resistance ( sRaw) was measured using double-chamber plethysmography. Results The mice on a high-fat diet showed a more rapid in-crease in body weight compared with those on a normal diet. Af-ter 12 weeks of feeding, body, fat, and liver weights and Lee′s index were higher for the obese mice than for the lean mice. The adipocyte cross-sectional area was significantly greater in the obese BALB/c and KM mice than in their lean counterparts;the C57BL/6J groups showed no significant differences. The BALB/c mice demonstrated more significant symptoms of acute asthma, local inflammation and airway hyper-responsiveness ( AHR ) . Conclusion Compared with C57BL/6J and KM mice, BALB/c mice fed a high-fat diet and sensitized and challenged with OVA provide the most suitable model for evaluating the relationship between obesity and asthma.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 217-219, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490766

ABSTRACT

[Summary] The aim of this study was to examine the association between obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome ( OSAHS ) and microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. We found that severe OSAHS significantly increases the risk of early renal damage in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with HbA1C<7% ( lowest oxygen saturation:OR=2. 41, 95% CI 1. 19-8. 08; apnea hyponea index: OR=2. 91, 95% CI 1. 50-9. 11), suggesting that OSAHS may increase the risk for early renal damage in type 2 diabetes mellitus, especially in those with successful control of glucose.

10.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 862-872, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757649

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that function as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. The deregulated expression of miRNAs is associated with a variety of diseases, including breast cancer. In the present study, we found that miR-495 was markedly up-regulated in clinical breast cancer samples by quantitative real time-PCR (qRT-PCR). Junctional adhesion molecule A (JAM-A) was predicted to be a potential target of miR-495 by bioinformatics analysis and was subsequently verified by luciferase assay and Western blotting. JAM-A was found to be negatively correlated with the migration of breast cancer cells through loss-of-function and gain-of-function assays, and the inhibition of JAM-A by miR-495 promoted the migration of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. Furthermore, overexpression of JAM-A could restore miR-495-induced breast cancer cell migration. Taken together, our findings suggest that miR-495 could facilitate breast cancer progression through the repression of JAM-A, making this miRNA a potential therapeutic target.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , 3' Untranslated Regions , Genetics , Blotting, Western , Breast Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Knockdown Techniques , MCF-7 Cells , MicroRNAs , Genetics , RNA Interference , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
11.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 31-33, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432515

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes of serum total bilirubin (TBil) and gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT) in patients with type 2 diabetes newly diagnosed without complications and explore their relationship with vascular complications of type 2 diabetes.Methods The levels of serum TBil and GGT were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer in 42 healthy person (control group),64patients with type 2 diabetes without complications (diabetes without complications group) and 81 patients with type 2 diabetes with vascular complications (diabetes with complications group).Results The levels of serum TBil and GGT were (7.89 ± 4.81) μ mol/L and (29.81 ± 14.97) U/L in diabetes with complications group.The level of serum TBil was (10.42 ± 3.55) μ mol/L in control group.The levels of serum TBil and GGT were (11.30 ± 4.16) μ mol/L and (47.00 ± 38.57) U/L in diabetes without complications group.The level of serum TBil in diabetes with complications group was lower than that in control group and diabetes without complications group (P < 0.05).The level of serum GGT in diabetes with complications group was lower than that in diabetes without complications group (P < 0.05).Pearson correlation analysis showed that 24-hour urinary protein excretion,urinary albumin creatinine ratio had negative correlation with serum TBil (P <0.05).Logistic regression analysis showed that GGT was the protective factor of diabetic vascular complications (OR =0.965).Conclusion The levels of serum TBil and GGT may be associated with the occurrence and development of vascular lesions in patients with type 2 diabetes.

12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 81-85, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814921

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the effect of lung protection mechanical ventilation on respiratory function in the elderly undergoing spinal fusion.@*METHODS@#Sixty 70-85 year old patients, ASA class II or III, undergoing spinal fusion were randomly assigned into 2 groups (30 in each group): a protection mechanical ventilation group (group P) and a conventional mechanical ventilation group (group C). Low VT and low level positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) mechanical ventilation were applied in group P (VT=6mL/kg, RR=12-18 b/min, I:E=1:2, PEEP=10 cmH2O, alveolar recruitment performed once every 15 min), while traditional ventilation was used in group C ( VT=10-12 mL/kg, RR=12 b/min, I:E=1:2). Arterial blood samples were taken and pH, PaO2, PaCO2, PaO2/FiO2, A-aDO2, HR, SBP, DBP and CVP were recorded before the operation (T0), 1 h after tracheal intubation (T1), tracheal extubation immediately (T2), 1 h after tracheal extubation (T3), 1 d, 2 d, and 3 d after the operation (T4, T5, and T6). The pulmonary complication was also examined 1 d after the operation.@*RESULTS@#At T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5, PaO2 and PaO2/FiO2 in group P were higher than those in group C, but A-aDO2 in group P was lower than that in group C. Five patients had bronchitis, 5 had hyoxemia, and 3 had atelectasis in group C, but 2 bronchitis in group P. The incidence of pulmonary complication was 43.3% in group C and 6.6% in group P. There was no significant difference in HR, SBP, DBP and CVP between the 2 groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Lung protection mechanical ventilation improves the arterial oxygenation and accelerates the recovery of respiratory functions in elderly patients after spinal fusion operation, with no influence on hemodynamics.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Anesthesia, General , Hypoxia , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Pulmonary Ventilation , Respiration, Artificial , Methods , Respiratory Function Tests , Spinal Fusion , Methods
13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1092-1095, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430078

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation of multi-slice CT portography (MSCTP) and digestive endoscopy in the diagnosis and evaluation of esophageal and gastric varices (EGV) caused by cirrhosis.Methods A total of 92 patients with cirrhosis were enrolled in the prospective study.All the patients were examined by endoscopy and 64-slice spiral CT scan in 4 weeks.The types,grading of EGV were observed by endoscopy and MSCTP,and Kappa conformance test was applied with the endoscopic findings as gold standard.The sensitivity,specificity,consistency,and Youden index were evaluated for the diagnosis of sophageal and gastric varices by MSCTP.Results Sixty-five patients were diagnosed to have EGV by endoscopy and 27 were negative.The positive patients included 45 patients of GOV1,19 of GOV2 and 1 patient of IGV1.MSCTP diagnosed 67 cases of EGV and 25 patients of negative results.The positive patients included 46 of GOV1,18 of GOV2 and 3 of IGV1.Two patients of IGV1 varicose veins without positive findings on endoscopy were diagnosed by using MDCTP,which revealed isolated varicose veins under the gastric mucosa.There was high consistency between MSCTP and EGV in the diagnosis of EGV (Kappa =0.732,P < 0.01).The sensitivity of MSCTP was 93.8%,specificity was 77.8%,consistency was 89.1%,and Youden index 71.6%.There was high consistency between MSCTP and EGV in the classification of EGV (Kappa values were 0.743 and 0.763,P < 0.01).Conclusions There is high consistency between MSCTP and digestive endoscopic in the diagnosis and classification of EGV in cirrhosis.MSCTP is superior to endoscopy in the detection of gastric varices.

14.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 709-713, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416358

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of fluvastatin and valsartan on the inflammatory cytokines in the early stage of type 2 diabetic nephropathy and their protective effects on to diabetic nephropathy. Methods Ninety patients with early stage of type 2 diabetic nephropathy were divided into three groups, 30 patients receiving routine hypoglycemic agents (DN1) as control,30 patients receiving routine hypoglycemic agents plus valsartan (DN2) and the other 30 receiving routine hypoglycemic agents plus fluvastatin (DN3). Blood glucose, blood lipid,serum creatinine and C reactive protein(CRP),24-hour urine protein,urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) and several inflammatory cytokine were measured before and after treatment. Results ( 1 ) No significant difference of the levels of serum CRP,TGF-β1,IL-6,TNF-α, IL-18 at the baseline were observedamong these three groups.In the DN2 group,after treatment,IL.6 was([15.99±2.87]ng/L and[17.64±2. 131 ,P 0. 05). (2) In the subgroup that there was no difference in blood pressure between before and after treatment in both the DN2 and DN3 group,in the DN3 group,UAER was ([63. 1 ±31.7] μg/min and[82.9±40.0] μg/min,t = -2. 145,P 0. 05 ). Conclusion Both valsartan and fluvastatin are able to protect the renal function of patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy by decreasing the levels of urine proteins and correlated serum inflammatory cytokines.

15.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 413-417, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414650

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce inhaled inactivated-mycobacterium phlei on prevention and treatment of moderate bronchial asthma to observe the clinical effect. Method This study was a prospective and controlled study. The patients diagnosed with asthma in our out-patient from March 2009 to December 2010 were collected, who met the following conditions were included in the study: age≥ 14 years; met the criteria of moderate chronic persistent bronchial asthma in Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) in 2008; suspended receiving systemic corticosteroids, Montelukast, ketotifen and other anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic drugs in one month; no significant respiratory tract infections; and other serious illnesses or abnormalities known.A total of 100 patients with asthma were selected, including 37 males and 63 females, age (32.11 ± 12.95 )years. The patients were randomly(random number) divided into two groups: A group(treatment group; 16males and 34 females, age 33.56 ± 14.23 years) and B group (control group; 21 males and 29 females,age 30.66 ± 11.50 years); 50 in each group. No significant difference was noted between the two groups on age and gender composition. The patients in A group were treated with inhaled inactivated-mycobacterium phlei F. U. 36 Injection 1.72 μg/mL × 2 that adding 3 mL normal saline, once a day for 5 days. The patients in B group were treated with salmeterol xinafoate and fluticasone propionate powder for inhalation (50/100 μg), twice daily for sustainable use. The patients in the two groups were observed for one month. During this course, the patients in the two groups could inhale the salbutamol sulphate aerosol as need to relieve symptoms. And the number of using was recorded. Pulmonary function test and asthma provocative test were carried out on the Day O, 6 and 31. ACT scores were measured before and after the treatment. Results On Day 6 and 31 after treatment, the negative conversion rates of asthma provocative test of the patients in A group were 82% and 78% respectively, B group were 84% and 90% respectively. Provocative test of the patients in the two groups were negative conversion significantly before and after treatment. There was no significant difference between the two groups by chi-square test (P > 0. 05 ). Completely random designed data was analyzed by analysis of variance. The analysis showed that the accumulated doses of methacholine of the patients in the two group increased significantly ( P < 0. 05 ), but no difference between the two groups.There was a improvement trend on forced expiratory volume in one second( FEV1 )of the patients in A group after treatment, but no difference. FEV1 of the patients in B group increased significantly higher ( P <0.05), which was significantly higher than A group on the 31th day (P <0. 05); Peak expiratory flow (PEF) of the patients in the two group increased significantly on Day 6 and 31 after treatment (P <0.05 ).On Day 31, B group was significantly higher than A group ( P < 0. 05 ); Scores of asthma control test (ACT)of the patients in the two group were significantly increased, and the number of using of salbutamol sulfate aerosol was significantly reduced (P <0.01 ). B group was obvious than group A (P <0.05 ). During treatment, there were only two adverse reaction cases of transient low fever; most obvious was on the third day.Conclusions Inhaled inactivated-mycobacterium phlei would inhibit the airway hyperresponsiveness of the patients with moderate bronchial asthma in short time, improve the symptoms, reduce the acute exacerbation, and reduce the use of rescue medication, which has the roles of prevention and treatment of moderate asthma in a certain period of time.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559236

ABSTRACT

Objective By checking on the government employees and teachers.measuring the blood pressure according to WHO,and sending the inquires papers on dangerous fact.Methods The civil servants and teachers in Dangling dis- trict were examined in October 2004.Results The result was made according to the statisitics analysis.It shows that occupation,sex,age,BMI,the history of smoking,the history of family.All these can cause the independent dan- gerous fact to the hypertensive disease.Conclusion Fat,high salt diet,smoking and drinking were all risk factors of high blood pressure.

17.
China Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-567172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a HPLC method for determination of Podophyllotoxin in two preparations.Methods:HPLC was carried out,using a Dikma diamonsil C18 column(4.6mm?150mm,5?m)with a column temperature at 25℃,the methanol-water as mobile phase(using gradient)with flowing rate 1.0 mL/min.The detection wavelength was at 292 nm.Results:The method had good linear relationship within the range of 11.8-590?g/mL for Podophyllotoxin,with the correlation coefficients 0.9999.The results of the average recovery of Youdi liniment and Podophyllotoxin tincture were 99.38%,99.62%.Conclusion:The rapid,accurate and reproducible RP-HPLC method was useful for quantification of Podophyllotoxin in Youdi Liniment and Podophyllotoxin Tincture.

18.
Chinese Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-583041

ABSTRACT

5cm hepatic cancer, the effective rate (CR+PR) was 60 8% (62/102), no change (NC) rate 39 2% (40/102), and the 1-, 2-, 3-year survival rates 67 6% (69/102), 49 1% (50/102) and 39 2% (40/102), respectively. The effective rates (CR+PR) in patients with bone tumor and lung cancer were 100%(12/12) and 60%(3/5), respectively. There were no other severe complications found. Conclusions Ultrasound-guided microwave intervention is a safe, effective and feasible method for hepatic cancer, lung cancer and bone tumor.

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