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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 199-208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973150

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a frequently and commonly occurring disease in clinic. In recent decades, with the development in pathophysiology and drug researches, modern medicine has achieved remarkable progress and results in diagnosis and treatment. However, the treatments for non-erosive reflux disease, refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease, proton pump inhibitor resistance, overlap of disease symptoms, and extraesophageal symptoms are limited and ineffective. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was widely used in clinical practice, which has been proved effective in relieving symptoms and improving the quality of life. Sponsored by China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) and undertaken by the Spleen and Stomach Disease Branch of CACM, "the 12th Youth Salon of Clinical Predominance Disease Series (GERD)" invited 18 authoritative digestive experts of TCM and western medicine to discuss "the difficulties of clinical diagnosis and treatment of GERD and TCM advantages". The focus issues such as modern medical diagnosis and treatment achievements and contributions, improvement and maintenance of symptoms, response to overlapping disease symptoms, reduction and withdrawal of acid suppressors, and treatment of extra-esophageal symptoms were discussed in depth. TCM and western medicine exchanged and complemented each other's strengths, combing the difficulties of modern medical diagnosis and treatment, which clarified the positioning and advantages of TCM and provided guidance for clinical and scientific research.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 481-487, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996261

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1) in ovarian cancer tissues and cells, and the related mechanisms of the effect of ACC1 on cell migration and lipogenesis in ovarian cancer.Methods:Samples including 1 case of normal ovarian tissue, 1 case of ovarian cancer primary lesion tissue and 1 case of ovarian cancer omentum metastatic tissue diagnosed by pathology examination of patients undergoing surgery resection who admitted to Linyi Cancer Hospital between January 2019 and December 2021 were collected. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the protein levels of ACC1 and Yin Yang protein 1 (YY1) of all tissues. The PROMO database was used to predict the possible binding sites of YY1 and ACC1 promoter region. Through the assembled viral vector, the HEY cells of human ovarian cancer with ACC1 or YY1 expression [the untreated cells were treated as the negative control (NC)], or knocked down ACC1 or YY1 (the interference sequence sh1, sh2, sh3 was transferred to the target gene, and the negative control sequence shNC was transferred to the interference sequence). Double luciferase reporter gene assay was used to verify the binding sites of YY1 and ACC1 promoter and the activity of transcriptional regulation. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression levels of ACC1 and YY1 in the treated HEY cells, respectively. Transwell assay was used to detect the migration ability of HEY cells. Oil red O staining and Nile red staining were used to detect the lipid droplets in HEY cells.Results:The immunohistochemical scores of ACC1 and YY1 were 0, 2, 8 scores and 0, 4, 6 scores, respectively in normal ovarian tissue, primary lesion of ovarian cancer, and omentum metastatic tissue. Transwell assay showed that the number of invasive HEY cells in ACC1 overexpression group was more than that in NC group [(87.7±7.4) vs. (52.2±4.2), t = 5.19, P = 0.003]. The number of invasive HEY cells in ACC1-sh1 group, and ACC1-sh2 group with the knockdown of ACC1 was less than that in shNC group [(21.2±1.5), (29.7±2.3) vs. (56.2±5.3); t value was 6.41, 3.77; P < 0.001, P < 0.005]. The number of lipid droplets in HEY cells in the ACC1 overexpression group was more than that in the control NC group [Oil red O staining: (301±25) vs. (215±21); Nile red staining: (287±15) vs. (207±10); all P < 0.05]; the number of lipid droplets in HEY cells in ACC1-sh1 and ACC1-sh2 group with the knockdown of ACC1 was less than that in ACC1-shNC group [Oil red O staining: (113±8), (119±12) vs. (195±18); Nile red staining: (82±8), (117±11) vs. (165±17); all P < 0.05]. The result of dual luciferase reporter assay showed that overexpression of YY1 promoted the luciferase activity of the wild type ACC1 promoter region report gene ( P = 0.003), while the luciferase activity of the report gene was inhibited compared with the wild type after the mutation of binding sites of YY1 in ACCI promoter region ( P = 0.008). Western blot results showed that the expression levels of YY1 and ACC1 protein in HEY cells with YY1 overexpression group were higher than those in NC group, which indicated a synergistic increasing trend of both YY1 and ACC1; the expression levels of YY1 and ACC1 protein in YY1-sh1 group, YY1-sh2 group and YY1-sh3 group with the knockdown of YY1 were lower than those in the control YY1-shNC group, which indicated a synergistic decreasing trend of both YY1 and ACC1. Conclusions:ACC1 and YY1 are highly expressed in ovarian cancer metastatic tissues and both show a positive correlation trend. The expression level of ACC1 in vitro has an impact on cell migration and lipogenesis in ovarian cancer via YY1 transcriptionally regulating ACC1.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 22-26, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the medical service quality of psychiatric hospitals in Beijing based on diagnostic related group (DRG), analyze the evaluation effect, for refences to constructe a DRG performance evaluation system suitable for psychiatric hospitals.Methods:This study extracted data such as the number of DRG groups, etc. of hospitalized patients in 14 tertiary and secondary psychiatric hospitals in Beijing from 2018 to 2020 from the Beijing inpatient medical performance evaluation platform, and analyzed data on DRG performance evaluation indicators, as well as the average length of hospital stay and average cost of DRG enrolled cases. All data were analyzed using descriptive research methods, and inter group comparisons were conducted using the Mann Whitney U-test. Results:From 2018 to 2020, the average number of DRG groups in tertiary hospitals (28) was higher than that in secondary hospitals (10) ( P<0.05), and the average CMI values of both were the same(1.79); The average cost consumption index (1.15) of tertiary hospitals was higher than that of secondary hospitals (0.65) ( P<0.05), while the average time consumption index (1.11) was slightly lower than that of secondary hospitals (1.30); The mortality rate of the low-risk group in tertiary hospitals (0.01%) was generally lower than that in secondary hospitals (0.88%), and the average percentage of DRG admitted inpatients (82.8%) was significantly higher than that in secondary hospitals (27.3%) ( P>0.05). The average length of stay and cost per case for DRG enrolled inpatients in tertiary and secondary hospitals were lower than the overall hospital discharge cases ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The number of DRG groups, CMI value, and low-risk mortality rate could be used for evaluating the medical service capacity and safety of psychiatric hospitals, but the cost and time consumption index could not objectively reflect the efficiency of hospital medical services. DRG performance evaluation indicators are more suitable for evaluating short-term hospitalization of psychiatric patients. The proportion of DRG enrolled cases might be a potential indicator for evaluating the service quality of psychiatric hospitals.

4.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 186-193, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995085

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the duration of the second stage of labor without epidural anesthesia and its association with pregnancy outcome.Methods:This retrospective study involved 12 789 women who delivered without epidural anesthesia in the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2017. These subjects were divided into primipara group (9 517 cases) and multipara group (3 272 cases). Demographic characteristics, maternal and neonatal outcomes and the duration of the second stage of labor were compared between the two groups using two independent samples t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and Chi-square test (Fisher's exact test). Differences in the maternal and neonatal outcomes were also analyzed among different subgroups in primiparae [length of second stage: <1 h group ( n=6 265), ≥1-2 h group ( n=2 305), ≥2-3 h group ( n=831) and ≥3 h group ( n=116)] and multiparae [length of second stage <1 h group ( n=3 144), ≥1-2 h group ( n=102) and ≥2 h group ( n=26)]. The association between second stage length and pregnancy outcomes was analyzed with Cramer's V. After adjusted for maternal age, gestational weeks at delivery, body mass index before pregnancy, complications during pregnancy and neonatal birth weight, the relationship between the duration of the second stage and adverse outcomes was analyzed by binary logistic regression analysis. Results:The 95 th percentile of the second-stage labor duration was 143 min for primiparae and 52 min for multiparae. The rates of vaginal delivery, forceps delivery, cesarean section in the second stage, episiotomy, third- or fourth-degree perineal laceration, postpartum hemorrhage, grade Ⅱ postpartum hemorrhage, transfusion, umbilical arterial blood gas pH<7.15 and transferring to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were all correlated with the duration of second stage in primiparae (Cramer's V values: 0.22, 0.23, 0.03, 0.22, 0.05, 0.10, 0.03, 0.03, 0.03 and 0.07, respectively, all P<0.05), and so did those of vaginal delivery, forceps delivery, episiotomy, postpartum hemorrhage, grade Ⅱ postpartum hemorrhage, transfusion and transferring to NICU in multiparae (Cramer's V values: 0.18, 0.19, 0.28, 0.14, 0.09, 0.13 and 0.06, respectively, all P<0.05). Logistic analysis showed that in primiparae, the duration of second stage >1 h was an independent risk factor for episiotomy, third- or fourth-degree perineum laceration, forceps delivery, postpartum hemorrhage, admission to NICU and umbilical arterial blood gas pH<7.15 [adjusted OR (95% CI): 2.080 (1.907-2.268), 1.773 (1.080-2.911), 1.625 (1.420-1.859), 1.365 (1.231- 1.514), 1.305 (1.165-1.462) and 1.246 (1.081-1.436), respectively], while second stage length >2 h was the independent risk factor for episiotomy, forceps delivery, third- or fourth-degree perineum laceration, postpartum hemorrhage, grade Ⅱ postpartum hemorrhage, blood transfusion, admission to NICU and umbilical arterial blood gas pH<7.15 [adjusted OR (95% CI): 4.844 (4.132-5.678), 4.223 (3.571-4.993), 3.289 (1.806-5.989), 1.952 (1.675-2.274), 1.781 (1.057-3.001), 1.654 (1.025-2.668), 1.682 (1.421-1.991) and 1.298 (1.039-1.620), respectively]. In multiparae, the length of second stage >1 h was an independent risk factor for episiotomy, blood transfusion, forceps delivery, postpartum hemorrhage and admission to NICU [adjusted OR (95% CI): 8.796 (5.717-13.534), 7.469 (2.874-19.411), 6.135 (3.217-11.699), 2.697 (1.624-4.477) and 1.814 (1.063-3.097), respectively], while the duration of second stage >2 h was the independent risk factor for episiotomy, third- or fourth-degree perineum laceration, blood transfusion, grade Ⅱ postpartum hemorrhage, forceps delivery and postpartum hemorrhage [adjusted OR (95% CI): 38.868 (14.948-101.063), 28.046 (2.780-282.490), 20.076 (5.384-74.866), 16.327 (3.406-78.274), 14.337 (5.351-38.411) and 9.036 (3.880-21.011), respectively]. Conclusions:The duration of the second stage of labor without epidural anesthesia is between that reported by Friedman and by Zhang. A prolonged second stage of labor may increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 176-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993303

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate characteristics of the 18F-flurodeoxyglucose ( 18F-FDG) uptake intensity and ranges in distinct hepatic alveolar echinococcosis lesions. Methods:The clinical data of 39 patients with position emission tomography during Jan 2017 to Dec 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were enrolled. Among them, there were 17 males and 22 females, aging from 15 to 65 years (median 34 years). Lesions were classified into six groups based on heterogenic scales of calcification and liquefaction: A. non-calcified and non-liquefied ( n=7); B. obvious calcified and non-liquefied ( n=7); C. partial calcified and partial liquefied( n=10); D. obvious calcified and partial liquefied ( n=5); E. partial calcified and subtotal liquefied ( n=5); F. obvious calcified and subtotal liquefied ( n=5). Tumor to background ratio (TBR) and width (W) of lesion infiltrative boundary were measured and calculated. Statistical comparison using Mann-Whitney U test as well as correlation analysis was performed. Results:TBR values [ M( Q1, Q3)] for each group were 4.40(3.66, 7.03), 2.55(1.69, 3.60), 3.73(3.37, 5.21), 2.90(2.75, 3.60), 3.80(3.49, 6.36), 2.49(2.21, 3.97), among which A>B, A>D, A>F, C>B, E>B ( U=3.0, 4.0, 4.5, 11.0, 5.0, all P<0.05); From the perspective of the calcification in each group, it was found that the lighter the calcification was, the greater the TBR value was. W values [ M( Q1, Q3)] for each group were [12.5(10.0, 19.5), 11.2(10.5, 12.5), 12.2(10.9, 13.2), 7.8(7.3, 9.3), 10.0(7.3, 13.4), 7.3(6.8, 7.6)] mm, among which A>D, A>F, B>D, B>F, C>D, C>F (all U=0, all P<0.05); According to the degree of calcification and liquefaction of lesions in each group, the lighter the calcification was, the greater the W value was; The heavier the liquefaction was, the smaller the W value was. A mild strength linear correlation has been observed between the TBR value and W value ( r=0.4136, P<0.05). Conclusions:Less calcification and liquefaction implicated higher 18F-FDG uptake intensity and wider range. Radical resection margins and tissue sampling should be individualized based on different lesion features in surgical treatment.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 43-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992259

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission computed tomography ( 18F-FDG PET/CT) myocardial metabolic image quality by the ratio of the maximum standard uptake value (M/B) of left ventricular myocardium to cardiac blood pool. Methods:The clinical data of 145 non diabetes patients with coronary heart disease who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from January 2016 to August 2022 were retrospectively selected. All patients received intravenous injection of 18F-FDG for myocardial glucose metabolism imaging. According to the visual (qualitative) analysis, the image was divided into three categories: the best, the second best and the worst. Group A was the best image quality group, while Group B was the second best and the worst image quality group. The left ventricular myocardium, cardiac blood pool and descending aorta were semi-quantitatively analyzed, and M/B was calculated. Results:All 145 patients underwent image fusion analysis. Image visual (qualitative) analysis showed that the myocardial metabolic image quality of 111 patients was evaluated as the best (111 patients in Group A), 19 patients as the second best, and 15 patients as the worst (34 patients in Group B). The SUVmax value of the descending aorta in the two groups was lower than that of the left ventricle, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). The M/B value of group A was higher than that of group B, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). Conclusions:For the evaluation of image quality and the reliability of image interpretation, M/B value may be a good evaluation index, which reduces the interference of image quality evaluation due to high 18F-FDG uptake in some heart blood pools (background), and improves the accuracy of evaluation of myocardial viability.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 325-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To learn about the progress of prevention and control of drinking-water-borne endemic arsenic poisoning in Henan Province, and provide scientific basis for achieving the goal of eliminating high arsenic hazards as scheduled.Methods:From July to August 2019, in accordance with the requirements of the National Monitoring Program for Drinking-water-borne Endemic Arsenic Poisoning, a general survey was carried out in 26 high-arsenic villages in 6 counties of Henan Province to investigate the water improvement situation and the operation of water improvement projects, and the arsenic content in drinking water of households was measured, meanwhile, the arsenic poisoning status of permanent residents in high-arsenic villages was investigated.Results:All 26 villages with high arsenic content in the province had undergone water improvement, with a water improvement rate of 100.00%. A total of 18 water improvement projects were investigated in 26 high-arsenic villages, all of which were operating normally. Twenty-six water samples were collected, and the arsenic content in the household water was < 0.01 mg/L, which met the sanitary standards for drinking water. No patient of endemic arsenic poisoning was found during the survey.Conclusion:In Henan Province, the drinking-water-borne endemic arsenic poisoning has been effectively controlled, and the prevention and control achievements should continue to be consolidated in the future.

8.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 916-920, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the blood pressure change in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and hypertension treated with cinepazide maleate injection.Methods:This was a subgroup analysis of post-marketing clinical confirmation study of cinepazide maleate injection for acute ischemic stroke: a randomized, double-blinded, multicenter, placebo-parallel controlled trial, which conducted in China from August 2016 to February 2019. Eligible patients fulfilled the inclusive criteria of acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores of 7-25. The primary endpoints were mean blood pressure of AIS patients treated with cinepazide maleate or control, which were assessed during the treatment period (14 days), and the proportion of the patients with normal blood pressure was analyzed after the treatment period. Furthermore, a subgroup analysis was performed to investigate a possible effect of the history of hypertension on outcomes.Results:This analysis included 809 patients with hypertension. There was no significant difference in patients blood pressure and the proportion of patients with normal blood pressure (60.5% vs. 59.0%, P>0.05) between cinepazide maleate group and control group. Conclusion:Administration of cinepazide maleate injection does not affect the management of clinical blood pressure in patients with AIS.

9.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1298-1303, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960562

ABSTRACT

Background Acute exposure to mercury chloride (HgCl2) can cause liver damage. Whether oleanolic acid (OA) as a hepatoprotective drug can protect against liver injury induced by acute exposure to HgCl2 and related mechanism of action remain unclear. Objective To investigate the protective effect and possible mechanism of OA on liver injury in mice caused by acute exposure to HgCl2. Methods Forty SPF C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into four groups with 10 mice in each group according to body weight. The four groups were named control group, OA group (300 mg·kg−1), HgCl2 group (5 mg·kg−1), and OA + HgCl2 group (300 mg·kg−1 OA + 5mg·kg−1 Hgcl2). Soybean oil and OA solution were administered intragastric once a day for two consecutive days. HgCl2 solution was injected intraperitoneally 2 h after the second intragastric administration. Mice were sacrificed after 48 h, and their serum and liver were collected. Liver coefficient was calculated. The changes of liver structure and iron deposition were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Prussian blue staining. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), reduced glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and tissue iron content were measured with commercial kits. Western blotting was used to detect nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), glutathione peroxidase 4 (Gpx4), transferrin receptor 1 (TFR1,) and solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11). Results The AST and ALT levels of the HgCl2 group were (76.447±9.695) U·g−1 and (98.563±24.673)U·g−1, respectively, which were higher than those of the control group (P<0.05). After the OA pretreatment, the liver coefficient and the above indexes were decreased to (4.769±0.237)%, (57.086±10.087) U·g−1, and (87.294±27.181)U·g−1, respectively. The liver coefficient and AST level of the OA + HgCl2 group were significantly different from those of the HgCl2 group (P<0.05). After acute exposure to HgCl2, the hepatocytes of mice were disordered, accompanied by inflammatory infiltration, positive blue particles appeared in Prussian blue staining of liver tissue, and the above changes in liver tissue were alleviated after the OA pretreatment. The iron content in the HgCl2 group was (3.646±0.238) μmol·g−1, which was higher than that in the control group, (2.948±0.308) μmol·g−1. After the OA pretreatment, the iron content decreased to (3.429±0.415) μmol·g−1. Compared with the control group, acute exposure to HgCl2 resulted in decreased levels of GSH and T-SOD, decreased protein expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, SLC7A11, and Gpx4, increased level of MDA, and increased protein expression level of TFR1 (P<0.05). After the OA pretreatment, all indicators were improved including increased GSH level, decreased MDA level, increased Nrf2, HO-1, and SLC7A11 protein expression levels, and decreased TFR1 protein expression level; compared with the HgCl2 group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion Acute HgCl2 exposure could induce liver injury in mice, and its mechanism may involve iron overload and ferroptosis. OA may alleviate the liver injury caused by acute HgCl2 exposure by affecting iron overload and the ferroptosis-related protein expression.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 474-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To confirm the efficacy and safety of cinepazide maleate injection in acute ischemic stroke patients with obvious motor function deficit.Methods:This study is a subgroup analysis of multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase Ⅳ clinical trial. A total 812 patients of acute ischemic stroke with obvious limb motor deficit [motor function of limbs score in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) ≥4] were enrolled in this subgroup analysis. Patients received either cinepazide maleate injection or placebo. The treatment period was 14 days and follow-up was 90 days. The efficacy endpoints included the proportions of patients with a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score ≤2, mRS score ≤1 and Barthel Index <95 on day 90. Safety was evaluated by recording all adverse events, monitoring vital signs, laboratory parameters and electrocardiogram.Results:A total of 732 patients were involved in the final efficacy analysis (361 in cinepazide maleate group and 371 in control group). The baseline limb motor function score of NIHSS was 5.23±1.43 in the cinepazide maleate group whereas 5.20±1.36 in the control group. Logistic regression analysis showed that following treatment for 90 days, the proportion of patients with a mRS score ≤2 was significantly higher in the cinepazide maleate group than in the control group [56.0% (202/361) vs 44.2% (164/371), OR=0.60, 95% CI 0.44-0.82, P=0.002]. The proportion of patients with a mRS score ≤1 was higher in the cinepazide maleate group than in the control group [43.3% (139/361) vs 35.2% (118/371), OR=0.69, 95% CI 0.50-0.97, P=0.031]. The proportion of patients with a Barthel Index <95 on day 90 was significantly lower in the cinepazide maleate group than in the control group [45.2% (145/361) vs 55.2% (185/371), OR=0.64, 95% CI 0.46-0.88, P=0.007]. During the treatment and follow-up period, the incidence of the most common adverse events in the cinepazide maleate group was 50.4% (199/395). Constipation and abnormal liver function were more common, but there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups. Conclusion:Cinepazide maleate injection is superior to placebo in improving neurological function and activities of daily living, reducing disability, and promoting functional recovery and safe in patients with acute ischemic stroke with obvious limb motor deficit.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 770-774, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955785

ABSTRACT

Objective:To master the provincial-level quality assessment of the self-inspection projects for control and evaluation of drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis in the counties (cities, districts) of Henan Province, so as to ensure the quality of self-inspection.Methods:Totally 30 counties (cities, districts) with drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis in Henan Province were selected as project counties (cities, districts), using consulting and checking data, on-site investigation and review, the implementation of self-inspection projects were audited. The water improvement and the water fluorine content, and the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children aged 8-12 were investigated in villages with drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis, and the provincial-level quality assessment of the self-inspection projects was carried out.Results:A total of 99 villages with drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis in 30 counties (cities, districts) were investigated, and all 30 counties (cities, districts) completed the investigation task of self-inspection projects. A total of 99 water samples were collected, and there were 23 counties (cities, districts) with the same results of county (city, district) self-inspection and provincial-level review of water fluorine, accounting for 76.67%; a total of 5 815 children aged 8-12 were investigated, there were 18 counties (cities, districts) with the same results of county (city, district) self-inspection and provincial-level review of dental fluorosis detection rate, accounting for 60.00%.Conclusions:The self-inspection projects of control and evaluation of drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis at the county (city, district) level in Henan Province are completed well. Most of the self-inspection projects are consistent with the provincial-level review results, but the disease diagnosis ability of grass-roots professional personnel and the detection technical level of laboratory technician in some counties (cities, districts) need to be improved.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 757-760, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application effect of task-based teaching combined with formative evaluation in the teaching of Nursing Research. Methods:A total of 56 nursing students from Batch 2016 were selected as the research objects. The task-based teaching method and formative evaluation were applied in the teaching of Nursing Research to guide the students to participate in and complete the whole nursing research process. The changes of students' autonomous learning ability, learning behavior and innovation ability before and after the course were investigated by questionnaires, so as to evaluate the teaching effect. SPSS 24.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:There were significant differences in the scores of students' independent learning ability before the course (90.43±9.45) and that after the course (94.73±9.64) ( t=-11.87, P<0.05), especially in the aspects of information ability, learning and cooperation ability ( P<0.05). There were significant differences in the score of students' innovation ability before the course (73.64±10.12) and that after the course (77.34±12.31) ( t=-3.05, P<0.05), especially in the aspects of innovative thinking ability and innovative practice ability ( P<0.05). In addition, the students' learning behavior also changed significantly, which was manifested in the increased action of preview, review and questioning. Conclusion:Task-based teaching method combined with formative evaluation can improve students' autonomous learning ability, learning behavior and innovation ability.

13.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 9-13, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987558

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the prevalence of depression and the related influencing factors among the frontline healthcare professionals in the prevention and control of risk of imported COVID-19 cases, so as to provide references for improving their mental health status. MethodsBased on Wenjuanxing platform, a total of 984 frontline healthcare professionals participating in the screening and treatment of imported COVID-19 cases in Beijing Xiaotangshan hospital were assessed using Patients’ Health Questionnaire Depression Scale-9 item(PHQ-9). ResultsA total of 770 questionnaires were collected with a valid rate of 78.3%, among which 344 cases (44.7%) had depressive symptoms. Logistic regression analysis showed that great changes in work content (OR=2.206, P<0.01), sleep deprivation (OR=2.359, P<0.01), six hours or less of sleep (OR=2.032, P<0.05), focusing on epidemic information more than 1 hour per day (OR=1.095, P<0.05) were risk factors for depression, and regular exercise (OR=0.473, P<0.01) was a protective factor for depression relief. ConclusionThe frontline healthcare professionals in the prevention and control of risk of imported COVID-19 cases suffer a high risk of depression, while measures including scientific shift system, adequate sleep, less attention to the epidemic, and regular exercise may be effective in maintaining their physical and mental health.

14.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 303-307, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987497

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper is to provide a review of the clinical features and treatment of comorbid bipolar disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder, and to provide evidence for early identification and appropriate intervention. The clinical phenomenon of comorbid bipolar disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder is hardly unusual, while the treatment strategies of the two kinds of diseases are different or even mutually exclusive, thus leading to the treatment dilemma. Based on this, the paper will discuss the research progress on the epidemiology, clinical features and treatment of comorbid bipolar disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 949-951, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911819

ABSTRACT

Pure autonomic failure (PAF) is an α-synucleinopathy featured by slowly progressive autonomic failure. A patient who presented with orthostatic hypotension associated dizziness and syncope, postprandial hypotension, supine hypertension and anhidrosis, was hospitalized. The patient did not show incontinence, urinary retention, constipation, ataxia, and extrapyramidal symptoms. In combination of the description of the patient′s symptoms with PAF related references, the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of PAF and its relationship with other α-synucleinopathies were demonstrated in this report.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 461-466, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910574

ABSTRACT

Human alveolar echinococcosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by Echinococcus multilocularis infection. It predominantly injuries the liver and grows like the malignant tumor. The therapeutic options and prognosis depend on types of human alveolar echinococcosis, clinical stages, biological activity, vascular invasion, pathological characteristics, and patient's immune status. However, despite of multiple classification methods, there are still lacking of comprehensive typing schemes. which leads to inappropriate diagnosis and therapy. This research systematically reviewed the recent studies on human alveolar echinococcosis at home and abroad and analyzed the classifications based on ultrasound, computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission computed tomography, serology and pathology, and some novel technologies and summarized the individual advantage and disadvantage for each classification Relationships and their advantages plus disadvantages have been assessed comprehensively. Meanwhile, the possible reference factors or theoretical basis for optimized future classification are proposed, in order to establish a unified classification system to provide guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 733-737, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the prevention and control progress of drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis in Henan Province, to evaluate the effects of prevention and control measures, and provide a basis for adjusting prevention and control strategies.Methods:In 2019, a general survey was conducted in all registered drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis villages in Henan Province to monitor the basic conditions of water improvement, the fluoride content of drinking water and the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children aged 8-12 years. The control compliance (water fluoride content qualified and the detection rate of dental fluorosis of children ≤30%) status of the villages was analyzed, and calculate the compliance rate.Results:A total of 17 504 drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis villages were monitored, among them, 17 352 villages with water improvement and 152 villages without water improvement, with a water improvement rate of 99.1%. Among the 3 685 water improvement projects constructed, 3 448 were in normal operation, and the normal operation rate was 93.6%. There were 13 526 villages with qualified drinking water fluoride content, and the qualified rate of water fluorine was 77.3%; the actual beneficiary population was 11 011 000, and the population benefit rate was 90.1%. The qualified rate of water fluoride in the villages with and without water improvement was 77.9% (13 512/17 352) and 9.2% (14/152), respectively; the qualified rate of water fluoride in the villages with water improvement was significantly higher than that in the villages without water improvement (χ 2=400.58, P < 0.05). A total of 498 527 children of 8 to 12 years old were examined, 68 972 cases of dental fluorosis were detected, the detection rate of dental fluorosis was 13.84%, and the dental fluorosis index was 0.3. The number of villages meeting the control standard was 12 488, and the compliance rate was 71.3%. Conclusions:In Henan Province, the water improvement projects in the drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis areas have been basically implemented, and the disease has been effectively controlled. However, there is still a certain gap with the target of the "13th Five-Year Plan on National Prevention and Control of Endemic Diseases", and timely rectification is needed to ensure the effectiveness of the water improvement projects.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 462-467, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884589

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimal local treatment pattern of supraclavicular lymph node in breast cancer patients with synchronous ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node metastasis (sISLM).Methods:Clinical data of 128 breast cancer patients with sISLM admitted to the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from 2010 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 68 cases were treated with supraclavicular lymph node dissection combined with radiotherapy, and 60 cases received radiotherapy alone. The locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were statistically compared between two groups.Results:Univariate analysis demonstrated that the 5-year LRFS, DMFS, PFS and OS did not significantly differ between two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that the local treatment pattern of supraclavicular lymph node was an independent prognostic factor for the 5-year DMFS, PFS and OS (all P<0.05). Subgroup analysis showed that when radiotherapy alone was performed, the 5-year OS of patients in the supraclavicular region radiation dose of>50 Gy group were significantly better than that in the 50 Gy group ( P=0.047). When supraclavicular lymph node dissection combined with radiotherapy was delivered, if the number of dissection was less than 10, the 5-year LRFS, DMFS, PFS, OS of patients in the>50 Gy group were all better than those in the 50 Gy group numerically without statistical significance (all P>0.05). If the number of dissection was ≥10, the 5-year LRFS, DMFS, PFS, OS in the 50 Gy group were better than those in the>50 Gy group numerically, whereas significant difference was only found in the 5-year DMFS ( P=0.028). Conclusions:Supraclavicular lymph node dissection combined with radiotherapy may be the optimal local treatment pattern for supraclavicular lymph node. When radiotherapy alone is performed, a radiation boost to the supraclavicular region may improve OS. When supraclavicular lymph node dissection combined with radiotherapy is performed, if the degree of dissection is low, a radiation boost to the supraclavicular region may bring clinical benefits. However, if the degree of dissection is high, a radiation boost to the supraclavicular region may not bring significant clinical benefits.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 290-294, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883712

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the status of drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis in Henan Province, so as to provide scientific basis for improving prevention and control strategies.Methods:Ten counties (districts, referred to as counties) were selected from drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis areas of Henan Province in 2018. Three villages in each project county were selected according to the disease status of mild, moderate and severe conditions, and the operation status of water improvement projects, water fluoride content and dental fluorosis among children aged 8 to 12 years in each diseased village were monitored.Results:Totally 30 villages were surveyed, all of which were in the water improvement projects; a total of 25 water improvement projects were monitored, all of them were in normal operation, and the water fluoride exceeding standard rate was 28.00% (7/25), the qualified rate of water fluoride in the water improvement projects was 72.00% (18/25). Among them, 21 villages were in normal operation and the water fluoride in the water improvement projects met national standard. In which the detection rate of dental fluorosis among children aged 8 to 12 years was 36.71% (606/1 651), the index of dental fluorosis was 0.74, and the epidemic intensity was extremely mild. Water fluoride of water improvement projects in 9 villages exceeded the national standard, where the detection rate of dental fluorosis among children aged 8 to 12 years was 43.57% (261/599), the index of dental fluorosis was 0.78, and the epidemic intensity was extremely mild. The detection rate of dental fluorosis among children in the villages where the water fluoride of water improvement projects exceeded the national standard was higher than that in the villages where the water fluoride of water improvement projects met the national standard (χ 2=8.752, P < 0.01). Conclusions:The excessive fluorine content in the water of water improvement projects is still serious, and the epidemic is still severe. It is necessary to strengthen the scientific demonstration of the water improvement project construction and the project acceptance upon completion, so as to prevent unqualified projects from being put into use. We will carry out regular water quality monitoring and promptly rectify projects with water quality exceeding the standards.

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Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 782-787, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872349

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct nursing quality evaluation indicator system for comprehensive stroke center, so as to provide reference for standardized nursing quality evaluation of comprehensive stroke center.Methods:From September 2018 to December 2019, based on the theory of Donabedian′s structure-process-outcome quality model, literature review, semi-structured interview, Delphi method and analytic hierarchy process were used to determine nursing quality evaluation index system and index weight for comprehensive stroke center.Results:A total of 16 experts from comprehensive stroke center were consulted for two rounds. The clinical working time was 24.63±10.08 years, and the effective recovery rates of two rounds were 100%. The authority coefficient of experts was 0.888, and the coordination coefficients W of two rounds were 0.229 and 0.283 respectively.Finally, a nursing quality evaluation indicator system for comprehensive stroke center was constructed, including 3 first-level indicators, 13 second-level indicators and 46 third-level indicators. Conclusions:The established nursing quality evaluation indicator system for comprehensive stroke center covers the whole process of stroke emergency, stroke unit, and follow-up, which is scientific and reliable, and provides an evaluation tool for daily nursing quality monitoring and continuous quality improvement in comprehensive stroke centers.

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