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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871937

ABSTRACT

TORCH, which is considered as a series of pathogens, including the Toxoplasma gondii, Rubella virus, Cytomegalovirus or Herpes simplex virus, often infects the pregnant women to induce the the fetus or newborn infection by transplacental infection or exposure to contaminated genital tract secretions at delivery. Increasing evidence have been confirmed that the infection of TORCH may cause the miscarriage, premature birth, malformed fetus, stillbirth, intrauterine growth retardation, neonatal multiple organ dysfunction and other adverse pregnancy outcomes. For most TORCH-infections cases may lacking the effective treatments during pregnancy, and it is important to achieve the effacing monitoring of TORCH infections before and during pregnancy. The laboratory testing of TORCH has the great significance. However, the consensus opinions still need to improve the the standardization of TORCH testing process and the correct interpretation. Based on the characteristics of the TORCH detection method, this article gives a consensus opinion on the standardized detection and clinical application of TORCH from the laboratory perspective according to the characteristics and types of infection of different pathogens.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865571

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in infants in Lishui, and summarize the related factors of CMV infection, evaluate its influence on the growth and development of infants, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of CMV infection.Methods:In this study, 2 254 cases of infants admitted in pediatric ward in Lishui Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Qingtian County People′s Hospital, Suichang County People′s Hospital, Qingyuan County People′s Hospital from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017 with integral clinical data were selected. All the babies were followed up from the time when they were born to 1 year old. The serum CMV antibody and the urine CMV-DNA were screened, the general situation and clinical features of CMV infection were summarized, and the relevant factors of infants CMV infection were analyzed and screened by the single factor and multiple factors analysis. They were followed up to 1 year old to clarify the influence of CMV infection on the growth and development of infants.Results:From 2015 to 2017, the total positive infection rate of CMV-IgM in infants under 1 year old in Lishui was 10.43%(235/2 254), and CMV-IgM positive infection decreased year by year. The positive rate of CMV-IgG did not change significantly with time. The positive rate of CMV-IgM was the highest at 1—3 months, and up to 15.29% (61/399). The positive rate of CMV-IgM decreased with the age of the babies. The positive rate of CMV-IgG increased with the age of the babies. The positive rate of CMV-IgM in infants showed no significant difference in gender ( P>0.05). The positive rate of CMV-IgM was higher in men than that in women [65.43% (810/1 238) vs. 55.51% (564/1 016)], and there was significant difference ( P<0.05). The gestational age of the infected group was lower than that of the non-infected group [(37.41 ± 1.63) weeks vs. (38.97 ± 0.97) weeks], and the breast-feeding rate of the infected group was higher than that of the non-infected group [57.87%(136/235) vs. 40.00%(40/100)], and there were significant differences ( P<0.05). Thrombocytopenia, the increase of transaminase, necrotizing enterocolitis of newborn, and hepatosplenomegaly of infected group is higher that of the non-infected group [18.72%(44/235) vs. 1.00% (1/100), 29.36% (69/235) vs. 13.00% (13/100), 26.81% (63/235) vs. 10.00% (10/100), 9.79% (23/235) vs. 0], and there were significant differences ( P<0.05). Gestational age and breast-feeding were possible risk factors for CMV infection in infants under 1 year old ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in height, weight, head circumference and intelligence score between the infected group and the non-infected group at the age of 1 year ( P>0.05). The total abnormal rate of hearing development and the abnormal detection rate of B-ultrasound in the infected group were higher than those in the non-infected group [13.62%(64/470) vs. 1.00%(2/200), 6.38%(15/235) vs. 0], and there were significant differences ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The CMV active infection rate of infants under 1 year old in Lishui is relatively high and decreases year by year. It decreases with the prolongation of birth time, and there is no gender difference. Gestational age and breast-feeding are the risk factors for active CMV infection in infants. CMV infection affects the hearing development and the brain development of infants under 1 year old, which is the main cause of hepatitis. It is necessary to pay attention to the prevention of CMV infection, strengthen maternal perinatal health care, and strengthen the screening of CMV infection in high-risk groups.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of sakubatril/valsartan on left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony in young patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).Methods:Forty-nine patients with left ventricular systolic asynchronism DCM from July 2017 to July 2018 in Guangdong Medical University Affiliated Hospital were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group was treated with sakubatra valsartan and the control group was treated with lotensin for 12 months. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESd) and ejection fraction (EF) were measured by two-dimensional color Doppler echocardiography. The left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), ejection fraction (EF) and systolic dyssynchrony index (SDI) of 16 segments were measured by three-dimensional color Doppler ultrasound. Plasma NT-proBNP was tested before and after treatment.Results:After treated for 12 months, three-dimensional color Doppler ultrasonography showed the LVEDV in the experimental group decreased significantly: (180.5 ± 42.7) ml vs. (160.5 ± 45.6) ml, P<0.05. The left ventricular systolic asynchronism (SDI) of 16 segments in the experimental group significantly improved, and the value of left ventricular SDI significantly decreased compared with that of the control group: (8.2 ± 3.6)% vs. (10.8 ± 4.1)%, P<0.05. Plasma NT-proBNP decreased more significantly in the experimental group compared with that in the control group: (105.54 ± 13.25) ng/L vs. (137.27 ± 14.36) ng/L, P<0.05. Conclusions:Sakubatril/valsartan can effectively improve left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony in young patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798632

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To detect the prevalence of sleep disorders among metro staff and to analyze influencing effects of effort reward imbalance (ERI) on it.@*Methods@#In January 2015, subway driver, dispatcher and station operator from Guangzhou subway were selected as the research object in the whole group sampling method. A total of 1200 questionnaires were distributed and 1124 were valid questionnaires, and the effective questionnaire recovery rate was 93.7%. Based on the effort reward imbalance questionnaire and the self-administered sleep questionnaire, the data of the general demographic characteristics, life satisfaction, occupational stress and sleep status of the respondents were collected. Epi.data3.1 and spss19.0 were used for analyzing.@*Results@#A total of 1124 subway employees were surveyed, with an average age of (28±5) years; the working age was (4.5±3.6) years. ERI occupied 24.7% (278/1124) of the study population and sleep disorders as 42.2% (474/1124) . Single factor analysis showed that marital status, educational level, work position, life satisfaction and ERI could significantly influence sleep disorders of metro staff (P<0.05) . Logistic regression showed that higher effort (adjusted OR=2.56, 95%CI: 1.79-3.68) , lower reward (adjusted OR=1.90, 95%CI: 1.34-2.68) and ERI (adjusted OR=2.33, 95%CI: 1.69-3.22) could increase the risk of sleep disorders after the confounding factors were controlled. ERI (adjusted OR=2.89, 95% CI: 1.80-4.64) , and over commitment (adjusted OR=4.64, 95%CI: 2.81-7.68) could influence the risk of sleep disorders independently when over commitment was evaluated as a moderating variable.@*Conclusion@#Occupational stress as ERI could influence the risk of sleep disorders among metro staff. The situation should not be neglected for occupational health of metro staff.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800049

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence and risk factors of peripartum mood disorder (PPMD) in order to improve clinical prevention and intervention of this condition.@*Methods@#This was a prospective cohort study recruiting first-trimester pregnant women (<13 gestational weeks) from Beijing Daxing Maternal and Child Care Hospital from October 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017. Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to evaluate the anxiety and depression status in the second and third trimesters, respectively. Their life styles, social and environmental factors exposure during pregnancy were also collected. Statistical analysis was conducted using Chi-square test, student's t test, Mann-Whitney U test and multivariate logistic regression.@*Results@#(1) A total of 478 subjects were enrolled in early pregnancy and 460 (96.2%) and 431 (90.2%) of them completed SAS and SDS assessment in the second and third trimesters, respectively, and 413 (86.4%) of the subjects finished both assessments on two occasions. (2) The prevalence of anxiety and depression was 7.1% (30/425) and 13.9% (59/425) in the second trimester, and 11.2% (44/392) and 21.5% (84/390) in the third. The incidence of anxiety and depression in the third trimester was 7.7% (26/336) and 9.6% (30/313). (3) Cross-sectional data analysis showed that prolonged television watching was a risk factor of anxiety in the second (OR=1.216, 95%CI: 1.055-1.402) and third (OR=1.166, 95%CI: 1.044-1.303) trimester, while exercise was a protect factor (OR=0.238, 95%CI: 0.105-0.541; OR=0.432, 95%CI: 0.212-0.879). Pregnant women with longer sleeping time had lower risks of depression in the second trimester (OR=0.725, 95%CI: 0.554-0.950); those who did exercise had lower risks of depression in the third trimester (OR=0.450, 95%CI: 0.252-0.803). (4) Longitudinal-data analysis revealed that longer television watching time in the second trimester was a risk factor for anxiety (OR=1.264, 95%CI: 1.117-1.432) and depression (OR=1.119, 95%CI: 1.005-1.246) in the third trimester.@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of anxiety and depression in the third trimester is higher than that in the second trimester. The incidence of depression is higher than that of anxiety in the third trimester. Prolonged television viewing time in the second trimester is a risk factor for both anxiety and depression in the third trimester.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753677

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the occurrence of anemia in patients with ten common malignant tumors and the related risk factors.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed in 15 612 patients with ten common malignant tumors admitted in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to September 2016 by single factor analysis.Results Among the 15 612 cases,there were 7 468 males (47.83%),8 144 females (52.17%),and anemia occurred in 5 541 cases,accounted for 35.5% of all the cases with malignancy.Ovarian cancer,gastric cancer and esophageal cancer ranked top three in all types with occurrence of 57.9%,53.1% and 49% respectively. According to the grading,mild to moderate (Grade 1 -2) anemia accounted for 91.2% of the total cancer related anemia,while severe ( Grade 3 -4) consisted only a small proportion of 8.8%.The mean age of malignant tumor patients was (56.1 ± 11.6)years old,and that showed a significantly difference between the anemia group and non-anemia group in patients'ages among lung cancer,colorectal cancer,gastric cancer and nasopharyngeal carcinoma(t=7.162,2.486,4.353,2.926,all P<0.05).Gender analysis showed that male patients were more prone to cancer related anemia in esophageal cancer and lung cancer(χ2 =91.034,9.240,all P<0.05),and less likely in colorectal cancer,liver cancer and thyroid cancer(χ2 =7.707,6.629,8.700,all P<0.05) ( ovarian cancer,cervix cancer and breast cancer were excluded in this section for their none or rare incidence in male).Conclusion The patients with malignancy have a relative high occurrence of anemia.Caner related anemia is rather mild to moderate than severe, and tumor types,ages and genders were the risk factors of anemia in patients with malignancy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824790

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence and risk factors of peripartum mood disorder (PPMD) in order to improve clinical prevention and intervention of this condition.Methods This was a prospective cohort study recruiting first-trimester pregnant women (<13 gestational weeks) from Beijing Daxing Maternal and Child Care Hospital from October 1,2016 to December 31,2017.Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to evaluate the anxiety and depression status in the second and third trimesters,respectively.Their life styles,social and environmental factors exposure during pregnancy were also collected.Statistical analysis was conducted using Chi-square test,student's t test,MannWhitney U test and multivariate logistic regression.Results (1) A total of 478 subjects were enrolled in early pregnancy and 460 (96.2%) and 431 (90.2%) of them completed SAS and SDS assessment in the second and third trimesters,respectively,and 413 (86.4%) of the subjects finished both assessments on two occasions.(2) The prevalence of anxiety and depression was 7.1% (30/425) and 13.9% (59/425) in the second trimester,and 11.2% (44/392) and 21.5% (84/390) in the third.The incidence of anxiety and depression in the third trimester was 7.7% (26/336) and 9.6% (30/313).(3) Cross-sectional data analysis showed that prolonged television watching was a risk factor of anxiety in the second (OR=1.216,95%CI:1.055-1.402) and third (OR=1.166,95%CI:1.044-1.303) trimester,while exercise was a protect factor (OR=0.238,95%CI:0.105-0.541;OR=0.432,95%CI:0.212-0.879).Pregnant women with longer sleeping time had lower risks of depression in the second trimester (OR=0.725,95%CI:0.554-0.950);those who did exercise had lower risks of depression in the third trimester (OR=0.450,95%CI:0.252-0.803).(4) Longitudinal-data analysis revealed that longer television watching time in the second trimester was a risk factor for anxiety (OR=1.264,95%CI:1.117-1.432) and depression (OR=1.119,95%CI:1.005-1.246) in the third trimester.Conclusions The prevalence of anxiety and depression in the third trimester is higher than that in the second trimester.The incidence of depression is higher than that of anxiety in the third trimester.Prolonged television viewing time in the second trimester is a risk factor for both anxiety and depression in the third trimester.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802667

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the occurrence of anemia in patients with ten common malignant tumors and the related risk factors.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed in 15 612 patients with ten common malignant tumors admitted in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to September 2016 by single factor analysis.@*Results@#Among the 15 612 cases, there were 7 468 males (47.83%), 8 144 females (52.17%), and anemia occurred in 5 541 cases, accounted for 35.5% of all the cases with malignancy.Ovarian cancer, gastric cancer and esophageal cancer ranked top three in all types with occurrence of 57.9%, 53.1% and 49% respectively.According to the grading, mild to moderate (Grade 1-2) anemia accounted for 91.2% of the total cancer related anemia, while severe (Grade 3-4) consisted only a small proportion of 8.8%.The mean age of malignant tumor patients was (56.1±11.6)years old, and that showed a significantly difference between the anemia group and non-anemia group in patients' ages among lung cancer, colorectal cancer, gastric cancer and nasopharyngeal carcinoma(t=7.162, 2.486, 4.353, 2.926, all P<0.05). Gender analysis showed that male patients were more prone to cancer related anemia in esophageal cancer and lung cancer(χ2=91.034, 9.240, all P<0.05), and less likely in colorectal cancer, liver cancer and thyroid cancer(χ2=7.707, 6.629, 8.700, all P<0.05) (ovarian cancer, cervix cancer and breast cancer were excluded in this section for their none or rare incidence in male).@*Conclusion@#The patients with malignancy have a relative high occurrence of anemia.Caner related anemia is rather mild to moderate than severe, and tumor types, ages and genders were the risk factors of anemia in patients with malignancy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811774

ABSTRACT

@#To prepare a budesonide rectal thermogel. The gel solution was prepared by cold method, and the gelation temperature of the gel solution was determined by reverse tube method. The amount of poloxamer 407(P407), poloxamer 188(P188)and hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose(HPMC)was optimized by central composite design/response surface method. The in vivo gelation character was investigated after rectal administration of the budesonide thermogel into the rat, and the in vitro drug release from the gel was examined by the Franz diffusion cell method. Finally, the optimal formulation includes 0. 002% budesonide, 0. 93% HPMC, 2. 00% P188, and 18. 31% P407. It is preferable to obtain the appropriate formulation for budesonide rectal in situ thermogel, which can achieve wide distribution and adhesion to the rectum, as well as long-term drug release.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 668-673, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807241

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the effects of miR-138 on the expression of small glutamine-rich TPR-containing protein A (SGTA) and cell adhesion-mediated drug resistance (CAM-DR) phenotype in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).@*Methods@#The adhesion model was constructed using fibronectin (FN) or bone marrow stromal cells HS-5. The effect of miR-138 on the expression of SGTA was analyzed by Western blotting and RQ-PCR. Dual-luciferase assays were performed to probe the effects of miR-138 on SGTA 3' UTR activities. Subsequently, we investigated the effect of miR-138 on cell cycle, adhesion ability and CAM-DR. Moreover, the correlation between miR-138 expression and therapeutic response was analyzed in 35 paraffin-embedded diffuse large B cell lymphoma samples.@*Results@#Our data showed that adhesion of NHL cells to FN or HS-5 cells significantly increased miR-138 expression (P<0.05). Knockdown of miR-138 markedly increased the protein (all P<0.05) but not for mRNA (all P>0.05) levels of SGTA in NHL cell. The luciferase activity of SGTA 3' UTR was significantly suppressed by miR-138 transfected cells (0.73±0.03 vs 1.00±0.02, t=0.914, P=0.002). No change in terms of reporter activity was observed in SGTA 3'UTR mutant transfected cells (0.93±0.04 vs 1.00±0.02, t=1.375, P=0.241). Also we found that ectopic expression of miR-138 significantly induced cell cycle arrest at G1 phase in both suspension and adherent cells (all P<0.05). Knockdown of miR-138 had no effect on cell adhesion ability (all P>0.05). More importantly, in suspension cells, knockdown of miR-138 significantly decreased the percentage of doxorubicin-induced cell death. However, knockdown of miR-138 dramatically increased the percentage of doxorubicin-induced cell death in FN/HS-5-adherent cells. Furthermore, the miR-138 expression was significantly higher in patients with progression of disease/stable disease than those experiencing complete response/partial response (9.72±1.11 vs 3.06±0.22, t=9.144, P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#MiR-138 promoted CAM-DR phenotype through cell adhesion-mediated SGTA down-regulation and cell cycle arrest.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1837-1840, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734048

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of our study was to explore the relationship between prostate cancer and four serum markers,including Prostate specific antigen (PSA),Beta 2 Microglobulin (β2M),Neutrophil-to-lympochyte ratio (NLR) and Lactic dehydrogenase (LDH),and their variation rules in development of prostate cancer.Then to find one or more markers that can increase the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis to provide reference for clinic.Methods A total of 149 prostate cancer patients,40 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia,80 healthy subjects in our hospital were analyzed,and subsequent the T-PSA,F-PSA,β2M,LDH and NLR were measured.The correlation between these markers and prostate cancer as well as its different types and Gleason score was assessed statistically.We determined the cut-off point of the NLR and T-PSA according to the specificity and sensitivity levels derived from area under receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve.Results The level of T-PSA was significantly higher in patients of prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia,and the level of NLR was higher only in patients of prostate cancer.Based on the area under ROC,the cut-off value of T-PSA was determined to be 4.625 ng/ml,and NLR was 2.11,and combined NLR and T-PSA can increase the specificity of diagnose.There is a statistical difference in Gleason scores in patients with different NLR of prostate cancer (P =0.030).Conclusions It could increased the specificity when combined NLR and T-PSA to diagnose prostate cancer.And NLR has positive correlation with the prognosis of patients of prostate cancer as well.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709030

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Andrographis paniculata Nees(APN)extract on Coxsackievirus A16(CVA16)in vitro.Methods African green monkey kidney-derived Vero cells(Vero cells)were treated with APN extract at the concentration of 500.0,250.0,125.0,60.0,30.0,15.0,7.5 and 3.8 μg/mL,the cytotoxicity was determined with cell counting Kit-8 and the IC50was calculated by Probit unit regression method.Direct inactivating activity on CVA16,blocking of CVA16 adsorbing Vero cells and inhibition of CVA16 replication in Vero cells were determined and compared between Ribavirin(RBV) and APN extract with CVA16-infected Vero cells.SPSS 24.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results The selected concentrations of APN extract and RBV for experiment were 15.0, 7.5 and 3.8 μg/mL according to cytotoxicity test.Both of APN extract and RBV had neither direct inactivation on CVA 16 nor blocking of CVA16 adsorbing at the concentration of 15.0,7.5 and 3.8 μg/mL(F=1.54,1.52 and 0.67, 1.68,all P>0.05).However,both drugs had the capability of inhibiting CVA 16 replication in Vero cells at the concentration of 15.0 and 7.5 μg/mL(t=6.87,11.76 and 7.71,12.84,all P<0.05).Conclusion Experimental result shows that APN extract can effectively inhibit CVA 16 replication in Vero cells in vitro.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692620

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the blood Septin9 methylation detection system for early screening of colorectal cancer based on fluorescence PCR technology .Methods The PCR primer of Septin9 was designed by searching the CpG island site of Septin9 methylation in the NCBI database .The high methylation site of Septin9 gene promoter region was confirmed by PCR amplification and sequencing after extracting DNA from colorectal cancer and para-carcinoma tissues .The fluorescence PCR and TaqMan probe detection technique was designed by aiming at high methylation site for constructing the plasma sample methylation detection sys-tem .Then its accuracy ,specificity ,repeatability and minimum detectable amount were performed the assess-ment and analysis .The SETP9 methylation detection was performed in plasma samples from 57 cases of color-ectal cancer and 30 healthy persons .Results The high methylation site of Septin9 gene in tissue samples was confirmed by sequencing .This site served as the target for designing fluorescence PCR detection system .After assessment ,the accuracy ,specificity and repeatability of this detection system were 100% ,the lowest detection amount reached 0 .1 ng/μL .Among the plasma samples in 57 cases of colorectal cancer ,the positive rate of Septin9 methylation site detection was 71 .92% (41/57) and the positive rate of in the patients with pathologi-cal stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ of colorectal cancer reached 64 .2% .But Septin9 gene had no methylation in plasma of healthy population .Conclusion The plasma fluorescence PCR detection system with Septin9 gene methylation as the target has the characteristics of high sensitivity ,high specificity and high accuracy ,which is the reliable detection technique for the early screening of colorectal cancer and has good clinical application prospect .

14.
Chinese Journal of Veterinary Science ; (12): 1485-1489,1576, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606820

ABSTRACT

Newcastle disease virus-like particles (NDV VLPs) are composed of matrix protein (M) as the skeleton,with the insertion of hemagglutinin-neuraminidase and/or fusion protein.NDV VLPs are reported to be immunogenic and can induce specific humoral and cellular immune responses.However,its relationship with innate immunity remains elusive.Dendritic cells (DCs) are a group of specialized antigen presenting cells,which are crucial in connecting innate immunity and adaptive immunity.In this study,NDV VLPs and murine DCs were used to investigate the connection between NDV VLPs and innate immunity.The DC maturation induced by NDV VLPs (M+ HN) was evaluated.The results showed that NDV VLPs could be effectively taken up by DC and presented to naive T cells.NDV VLPs-induced DC significantly up-regulated the expression of MHC Ⅱ and costimulatory molecules on DC surface,and subsequently promoted the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines.This experiments also showed that different assembled NDV VLPs induced significant stimulating ability in cytokine levels.In summary,NDV VLPs can induce DC maturation,which gives insights to better understanding of VLPs-mediated innate immunity and provide information in selecting preferred NDV VLPs candidate.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 611-616, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615945

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of non-T cell binding peptide(FNS007)on collagen type Ⅱ-induced arthritis(CIA)in mice and the possible mechanisms.Methods The CIA model was induced by intradermal injection of bovine CⅡ+Freunds adjuvant.At the clinical onset of CIA,mice were randomly divided into 6 groups: blank control group(Control),model group,ORENCIA(abatacept)group,FNS007 low dose(1.2 mg·kg-1)group,FNS007 middle dose(2.4 mg·kg-1)group and FNS007 high dose(4.8 mg·kg-1)group.FNS007 was given by intravenous injection on the first day of arthritis and every other day until the study was terminated on d 28 after injection of the drug.The paw thickness and the ankle joint width were measured,and the arthritis scores were recorded.At termination,interferon-γ(IFN-γ),tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),interleukin-6(IL-6)and level of anti-CⅡ antibody in serum were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).Bone injury was analyzed by X-ray imaging,and HE staining was conducted to observe the histopathologic changes and pathological score of ankle tissues.Results CIA models were successfully induced.Compared with CIA group,FNS007 high dose significantly reduced the paw thickness and the ankle joint left-right diameter,lowered arthritis scores in CIA mice,reduced serum concentrations of IFN-γ,IL-6 and anti-CⅡ antibodies,and lowered the radiographic and histologic scores.Compared with CIA group,FNS007 middle dose group showed marked reduction in the arthritis scores,IL-6 content in serum,and inhibion in the radiographic and histologic scores.The arthritis scores,concentration of IFN-γ,the radiographic and histologic scores were significantly reduced in FNS007 low dose group compared with those in model group.Conclusion FNS007 can effectively inhibit the progression of CIA through inhibiting T-cell activation and reducing inflammatory cytokines,anti-CⅡ antibodies,and histoclasia and bone destruction.

16.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1381-1385, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of FNS007 on collagen Ⅱ-induced arthritis(CIA) rat models and investigate the underlying mechanism.Methods: CIA model was induced by intradermal injection of Freunds adjuvant and bovine CⅡ.Rats were randomly divided into six groups:normal control group,model group,methotrexate group,high,middle and low doses of FNS007 groups,with 12 rats in each group.FNS007 was gived by intravenous injection,the normal control and model group were administrated with PBS.Observing the paw thickness,ankle joint width and the arthritis scores in the CIA rats during the experiment.On d 22 after injection of the drug, all rats were killed.Interferon-γ(IFN-γ),tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),interleukin-6 (IL-6) and level of anti-CⅡantibody in serum were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).The pathological score and radiography of ankle joint were evaluated.Results: Data revealed that FNS007 treated groups showed a significant reduction in paw thickness,ankle joint width and the arthritis scores compared to model group (P<0.05,P<0.01),especially FNS007 high dose goup.The levels of TNF-α,IFN-γ,IL-6 and anti-CⅡantibodies in serum in high dose goup were significantly lower than those of model group(P<0.05,P<0.01).X-ray examination showed that FNS007 could significantly alleviate the damage of joint and decrease the radiographic scores.Pathological examination exhibited that FNS007 could significantly reduce pathological scores,alleviate inflammatory cell infiltration and synovial hyperplasia,improve the histopathological changes.Conclusion: FNS007 has a treating effect on CIA rats,and the mechanisms may be through competitive inhibition of T cell,inhibiting inflammatory cytokines and anti-CⅡantibodies secretion,regulating the abnormal immune responses.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507128

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the resistance mechanism of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella oxytoca.Methods Car-bapenem-Resistant Klebsiellaoxytoca were collected from Fujian Medical University Union Hospital.The modified hodge test (MHT)was used for carbapenemase phenotype screening.The minimum inhibit concentration(MIC)was detected using agar dilution method for 1 7 drugs.PCR and DNA sequencing were used to detect commonβ-Lactamase genes and carbapene-mases genes.Conj ugation experiments demonstrated the transferability of the carbapenem-resistant determinants.Results 5 Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella oxytoca of 4 isolates were positive detected by MHT.Minimum inhibit concentration was detected by using agar dilution method for 17 drugs.More than 80% isolates were resistance to nine drugs.2 isolates conju-gated successfully of 5 Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella oxytoca Isolates.There were 2 isolates included carbapenemases gene (1 isolates were only IMP producers,1 isolate contained the IMP and KPC),3 isolates produce ESBLs gene.Conclution The due to CRE strains isolated from Fujian Medical University Union Hospital may be metallo-enzyme carbapenemase and KPC gene.And the isolate that produce two Carbapenem-Resistant gene had been found in this hospital.

18.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 357-358,384, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790630

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the stability of torasemide injection and predict its expiration date in room temperatue .Methods The contents of torasemide were determined by HPLC .The expiration date was predicted by classical constant-temperature experiment .Results The contents of torasemide degradation with time according to a first order reaction at room temperature (25 ℃) .The disintegration rate constant K was K25 ℃ =5 .186 9 × 10-6 h-1 and the expiration date of to-rasemide injection was t0 .9 =2 .32 years .Conclusion The torasemide injection expiration date was tentatively scheduled for two years .

19.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1694-1699, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498727

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of octreotide on metabolism in the A549 cells treated with lipopo-lysaccharides ( LPS).METHODS: The technologies of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) were used to test the metabolism of lung A549 cells subject to different treat-ment with LPS and/or octreotide.The results were visualized and checked by chromatogram, and the corresponding intensi-ty data were analyzed by the principal component analysis(PCA)method.The metabolites with different expression and the underlying interaction network were resolved.RESULTS: The metabolism analysis by LC/MS method indicated that there were different expression levels between different treated groups.Further analysis was carried out by orthogonal projections to latent structures-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) and the different expressed metabolites were obtained, which were mainly amino acids and phospholipids.By analyzing with GC/MS method and t-test, the different expressed metabolites were mainly organic acid, saccharides and amino acid metabolite.The interaction network diagram was constructed about the response of A549 cells induced by LPS and/or octreotide, including glycolysis/gluconenogenesis, tryptophan metabo-lism, galactose metabolism, urine cycle and citrate cycle.Fourteen key components were found such as serotonin, indole, threonine, serine, glucose, phenylalanine, lactose, fumarate, 4-hydroxyphenyllactate, aspartate, asparagine, putrescine, proline and succinate.CONCLUSION: In octreotide treated LPS-induced A549 cells, the main metabolites are organic acid, saccharides, amino acids and phospholipids.The interaction network is constructed, including 5 metabolic pathways and 14 key components.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604160

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of the combined detection of several serum tumor markers with high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) in the diagnosis of cervical cancer.Methods Chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay(CMIA) was employed to measure the levels of serum CA125,CA19-9,SCCA and CEA in peripheral blood samples collected from 249 patients with cervical cancer,30 patients with cervix intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN),and 60 healthy controls.The levels of serum CA72-4,HE4 were measured by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay(ECLI).Flow-through hybridization and gene chip technology (HybriMax) was employed to measure the HPV genotypes in all the 339 cases of women.Results Serum CA72-4 level in the cervical cancer group [3.13 (2.25,7.63) ng/mL] was significantly higher than that in the C IN group [2.37 (1.98,6.25) ng/mL] and the control group [2.69 (2.35,3.35) ng/mL] (P =0.028;P =0.003).Serum CEA level in the cervical cancer group 3.08 (2.28,4.75) ng/mL was significantly higher than that in the CIN group [1.45 (1.00,1.83) ng/mL] and the control group [2.13 (1.45,2.67) ng/mL] (P =0.000;P =0.000).Serum CA 125 level in the cervical cancer group [24.4(20.30,44.15) U/mL] was significantly higher than that in the CIN group[12.85(7.90,16.23)U/mL] and the control group[12.33 (11.26,17.11) U/mL] (P =0.000;P =0.000).Serum CA19-9 level in the cervical cancer group[27.05(18.48,38.01) U/mL] was significantly higher than that in the CIN group[13.01 (8.79,17.12) U/mL] and the control group[12.83 (10.89,17.93) U/mL] (P =0.000;P =0.000).Serum SCCA level in the cervical cancer group [1.7 (0.90,4.75) ng/mL] was significantly higher than that in CIN group [0.8 (0.60,1.10) ng/mL] and the control group [0.6 (0.50,0.70) ng/mL] (P =0.000;P =0.000).However,there was no significant difference of HE-4 among three groups (P > 0.05).The HR-HPV infection rates in the cervical cancer (92.4%) and CIN patients (90.0%) were significantly higher than that in controls (15.0%)(x2 =46.875,P =0.000;x2 =165.178,P =0.000).In the cervical cancer patients,the levels of serum tumor marker was associated with Federation International of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage (P < 0.05).ROC curves showed HR-HPV was the most sensitive in the diagnosis of cervical cancer.The sensitivity of the diagnosis of cervical cancer by serum tumor markers combined with HR-HPV(97.99%) was significantly higher than that of single marker,CA724 25.30%,CEA 20.89%,CA125 27.71%,CA199 24.90%,SCCA 52.61%,HPV 92.37% (x2 =278.237,P =0.000;x2 =307.036,P =0.000;x2 =263.348,P =0.000;x2 =280.769,P =0.000;x2 =137.864,P =0.000;x2 =8.580,P =0.003).Conclusion Serum tumor markers combined with HR-HPV check can improve the detection rate of cervical cancer and has important clinical value.

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