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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 923-927, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940868

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To create a model for early prediction of essential hypertension (EH) based on the TreeNet algorithm, so as to provide a tool for early monitoring of EH. @*Methods@#The health examination data were collected from individuals receiving health examinations in Hangzhou Haiqin Health Examination Center or Shanghai Yibao Health Management Co., Ltd from 2014 to 2016, and a predictive model for EH was created based on the TreeNet algorithm. The effectiveness of the model for early prediction of EH was evaluated using root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute deviation (MAD), coefficient of determination (R2) and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. @*Results@#A total of 12 variables were included in the model, and the highest contributing variable was body mass index (BMI), followed by BMI difference, two-year BMI difference, two-year triglyceride (TG) difference, two-year total cholesterol (TC) difference, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in 2014, TG in 2014, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in 2014, body weight in 2015, fasting blood glucose in 2015, TG in 2015, urea nitrogen difference and platelet in 2015. The highest predictive accuracy was 100.00%, and the lowest was 56.89%. The risk of EH significantly increased among individuals with BMI in 2015 of >25 kg/m2, two-year BMI difference of >0.5 kg/m2, two-year TG difference ranging from 1.3 to 3.3 mmol/L, TC in 2015 of 2.0 to 2.4 mmol/L and HDL-C in 2014 of <0.52 mmol/L. The model presented RMSE of 0.082, MAD of 0.064, R2 of 0.811, area under the ROC curve of 0.788 (95%CI: 0.741-0.815), sensitivity of 69.05% and specificity of 66.21% for prediction of EH@*Conclusion@# The TreeNet algorithm-based model is effective for early monitoring of high-risk individuals for EH.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1166-1169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940100

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand poor oral habits of preschool children and related factors, so as to provide evidence for child oral health promotion.@*Methods@#A total of 3 094 preschool children from 12 kindergartens in Wuhan and Ezhou were selected by cluster sampling method. Basic demographic information and child poor oral habits were evaluated through questionnaire survey. Chi square test was used for univariate analysis and binary Logistic regression was performed for multivariate analysis.@*Results@#About 33.5% of preschoolers were found to have poor oral habits. Among them, biting nails and toys (4.4%), sucking fingers ( 3.8% ), mouth breathing (3.7%) ranked the highest. Multivariate analysis showed that only child( OR =1.26), picky eaters( OR =1.30), and exposure to second hand smoke ( OR =1.69) were associated with poor oral habits, while living in cities( OR =0.58), high family economic status ( OR =0.66), and good health ( OR =0.37), balanced diet ( OR =0.71), maternal high school education ( OR =0.72) were associated with better oral habits( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Preschool children s oral habits are affected by variable factors, attention should be paid to children who are the only child of the family, picky eaters, living in rural areas, and those exposed to second hand smoke.

3.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 665-671, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934879

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the characteristics of intestinal microflora among flying personnel with hyperlipidemia, so as to provide insights into prevention of hyperlipidemia among flying personnel. @*Methods @#Flying personnel diagnosed with hyperlipidemia in a sanatiorium from October 2020 to February 2021 were included in the hyperlipidemia group, while flying personnel with normal blood lipids during the same period served as controls. Subjects' age, family history, physical examinations and blood testing results were collected from both groups. Fecal samples were collected, and intestinal microflora was sequenced followed by bioinformatics analysis. The diversity and abundance of intestinal microflora were compared, and the key bacteria were screened using LEfSe analysis.@*Results@#There were 29 subjects in the hyperlipidemia group with a median age (interquartile range) of 34 (12) years and 25 subjects in the control group with a median age (interquartile range) of 30 (12) years, and all subjects were men. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of age, flight duration, smoking, family history of metabolic diseases and waist circumference (P>0.05). The Shannon diversity index of intestinal microflora was lower in the hyperlipidemia group than in the control group (Z=4.370, P=0.026), and there was a significant difference in the overall structure of intestinal flora between the two groups, which were clustered into two groups. LEfSe analysis identified Herbaspirillum, Atopobium and Eggerthella as key microorganisms in the hyperlipidemia group, and Agathobacter, Dialister, norank_Eubacterium_coprostanoligenes_group, Alloprevotella and unclassified Bacteroidales as key microorganisms in the control group.@*Conclusions@#The species diversity and relative abundance of intestinal microflora are lower in flying personnel with hyperlipidemia than in those with normal blood lipids. Herbaspirillum, Atopobium and Eggerthella may be the key bacteria contributing to hyperlipidemia among flying personnel.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 913-915, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908916

ABSTRACT

Through the description of the content and design of "first-class course of virtual simulation of flow cytometry application", combined with the application in experimental teaching of different subjects, this paper expounds the teaching effect and students' evaluation of the blended learning method of "virtual simulation experiment of flow cytometry application" combined with offline experimental content by means of questionnaire survey, and puts forward some views and opinions on the construction of the virtual simulation experiment teaching content system.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 985-989, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883096

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of intermittent change the angle of operating table on the skin in pressure areas of patients in prone position.Methods:A total of 150 hospitalized patients for elective surgical treatment in Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital from January 2019 to June 2019 were selected as subjects. The patients were divided into control group, 15° test group and 30° test group by random number table method, with 50 patients in each group. The control group received routine intraoperative pressure ulcer prevention measures, the 15° test group on the control group, the itinerant nurses adjusted the angle of the operating table according to the left 15°-supine-right 15° every half hour, and the 30° test group on the control group, the itinerant nurses adjusted the angle of the operating table according to the left 30°-supine-right 30° every half hour. The incidence of surgically related pressure ulcers and doctors' satisfaction with the surgical position of the three groups of patients were evaluated.Results:Pressure ulcers occurred in 8 patients of the control group, the incidence of pressure ulcers was 16%. Pressure ulcer occurred in 0 patient of the 15° test group, the incidence of pressure ulcers was 0. Pressure ulcers occurred in 2 cases in the 30° test group, the incidence of pressure ulcers was 4%. The difference was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 10.120, P<0.05). Further comparison showed that the incidence of pressure ulcers was statistically significant between the control group and the 15° test group ( P<0.016 7), while the incidence of pressure ulcers was not statistically significant between the control group and the 30° test group, between the 15° test group and the 30° test group ( P>0.016 7). The results of the postoperative doctors' satisfaction with the surgical body position were (27.880 ± 1.637), (27.520 ± 1.693), (26.920 ± 1.947) points in the control group, the 15° test group and the 30° test group, there was a statistically significant difference among the three groups ( F value was 3.779, P<0.05). Further comparison showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the score of surgical position satisfaction between the control group and the 15° test group, between the 15° test group and the 30° test group ( P>0.05). The satisfaction score of surgeons in the control group was higher than that in the 30° test group, and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). Conclusions:Intermittent adjustment of surgical position can reduce the incidence of pressure ulcers and improve the quality of nursing in the operating room without affecting the convenience of the surgeon. The optimal effect was achieved by adjusting the angle of the operating bed according to the left-leaning 15°-supine-right-leaning 15°at an interval of 30 minutes.

6.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 947-949, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870725

ABSTRACT

The effects and practicability of in situ simulation and standardized patient (SP) in residency training of general practice was evaluated in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital. From September 2017 to December 2019, typical cases were collected in accordance with the teaching objectives, the teaching plans of in situ simulation were established and simulation scenarios were set up; the SPs were recruited from nursing staff and retirees in the community. Forty general practice residents were randomly divided into two groups with 20 in each group. The traditional teaching group was given theoretical teaching, while the combined teaching group was taught by in-situ simulation combined with SP teaching. The satisfaction of residents, the scores of theory and skill were observed and compared between two groups.Results showed that the satisfaction of teaching method( t=-2.11, P<0.05), teaching effect( t=-4.25, P<0.01) and scores of history collection( t=-3.21, P<0.01) in the combination teaching group were significantly higher than those in the traditional teaching group. It is suggested that in situ simulation combined with SP teaching method can improve the satisfaction and teaching effect of the general practice residents.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 79-82, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870615

ABSTRACT

The mentor system has been applied in the standardized residency training, currently the "one to one" ortwo mentors′ system are more common applied. However, the clinical training of general practitioners needs joint effort of mentors from the general practice department and specialists in hospital, as well as of mentors from primary health institutes. Thus, we proposed a "three-in-one" tutorial system, which consisted of one GP mentor, one specialists in the hospital and one primary physician for residency training of general practice. The implementation of the "three-in-one" system has motivated the enthusiasm of specialists and community instructors, and enhanced their responsibility. The mentors from different department can learn from each other and complement each other, so the overall teaching level can be raised and the quality of standardized training of general practitioners can be improved.

8.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 79-82, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798589

ABSTRACT

The mentor system has been applied in the standardized residency training, currently the "one to one" ortwo mentors′ system are more common applied. However, the clinical training of general practitioners needs joint effort of mentors from the general practice department and specialists in hospital, as well as of mentors from primary health institutes. Thus, we proposed a "three-in-one" tutorial system, which consisted of one GP mentor, one specialists in the hospital and one primary physician for residency training of general practice. The implementation of the "three-in-one" system has motivated the enthusiasm of specialists and community instructors, and enhanced their responsibility. The mentors from different department can learn from each other and complement each other, so the overall teaching level can be raised and the quality of standardized training of general practitioners can be improved.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 571-576, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754012

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the dynamic changes in extra vascular lung water index (EVLWI) and angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) in severe multiple trauma patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), analyze the risk factor for short-term mortality, and to evaluate their prognostic values for prognosis. Methods A total of 54 severe multiple trauma patients with ARDS admitted to emergency intensive care unit (ICU) of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from June 2014 to December 2018 were enrolled. The acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ), injury severity score (ISS) and oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), EVLWI [pulse-induced contour cardiac output (PiCCO) monitor] and plasma Ang-2 level [enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)] at 0 (immediately), 24, 48 and 72 hours after ICU admission, and the differences in PaO2/FiO2, EVLWI and Ang-2 between 0 hour and 72 hours (ΔPaO2/FiO2, ΔEVLWI, ΔAng-2) were calculated. The 28-day survival of patients was recorded, and the patients were divided into survival group and non-survival group. The differences in above mentioned parameters between the two groups were compared. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors associated with the prognosis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the prognostic values of ΔEVLWI and ΔAng-2 on the prognosis, and the Kaplan-Meier survival curve was plotted. Results 115 patients were enrolled in the final analysis, 72 survived in 28 days, 43 died, and the mortality rate was 37.4%. The APACHEⅡ and ISS scores of the non-survival group were significantly higher than those of the survival group [APACHEⅡscore: 25.7±2.7 vs. 20.6±2.2, ISS score: 22.1±3.1 vs. 18.1±2.1, both P < 0.05]. EVLWI and Ang-2 showed a gradual downwards tendency with the prolongation of the length of ICU stay in the survival group, but no significant change was found in the non-survival group. Parallel contour test showed that both P < 0.05, indicating that the curves between the two groups had different tendencies and were not parallel. The levels of EVLWI, Ang-2 and PaO2/FiO2 showed no statistical differences from 0 hour to 24 hours between the two groups, but EVLWI and Ang-2 in the non-survival group were significantly higher than those in the survival group from 48 hours on [EVLWI (mL/kg): 15.5±4.2 vs. 10.8±3.2, Ang-2 (ng/L): 352.7±51.2 vs. 237.9±42.8, both P < 0.05], and PaO2/FiO2 was significantly decreased [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 126.1±43.7 vs. 211.2±33.8, P < 0.05]. The ΔEVLWI and ΔAng-2 in the non-survival group were significantly lower than those in the survival group [ΔEVLWI (mL/kg): -0.9±6.1 vs. 3.1±6.4, ΔAng-2 (ng/L): -45.3±32.1 vs. 79.8±58.2, both P < 0.05], but ΔPaO2/FiO2 showed no significant difference as compared with the survival group (mmHg: 23.2±24.2 vs. -22.1±22.8, P > 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that ΔEVLWI [odds ratio (OR) = 2.811, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 1.232-3.161, P = 0.001], ΔAng-2 (OR = 2.204, 95%CI = 1.012-3.179, P = 0.001) and APACHEⅡ (OR = 1.206, 95%CI = 1.102-1.683, P = 0.002) were independent risk factors for 28-day mortality of severe multiple trauma patients with ARDS. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of ΔEVLWI for predicting 28-day prognosis of severe multiple trauma patients with ARDS was 0.832, which was higher thanΔAng-2 (AUC = 0.790) and APACHEⅡ (AUC = 0.735). When the cut-off value of ΔEVLWI was 2.3 mL/kg, the sensitivity was 79.1%, and the specificity was 81.9%. Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the patients with ΔEVLWI > 2.3 mL/kg had a significantly higher 28-day cumulative survival rate as compared with the patients with ΔEVLWI ≤ 2.3 mL/kg (log-rank test: χ2 = 23.385, P = 0.000). Conclusions ΔEVLWI and ΔAng-2 can be used as independent risk factors for 28-day mortality of severe multiple trauma patients with ARDS, and the predictive value of ΔEVLWI was better than Ang-2 and APACHEⅡ. Dynamic observation of EVLWI could improve the accuracy of death forecasting for severe multiple trauma patients with ARDS.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 633-636, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of high-mobility group box 1 protein(HMGB1) -mediated inflammatory pathway HMGB1-Toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) /nuclear transcription factor κ B(NF-κ B)on liver injury of rats induced by Tripterygium wilfordii,and to provide reference for clarify the mechanism of liver injury induced by T.wilfordii. METHODS:Totally 24 SD rats were randomly divided into blank group(normal saline,i. g. ),T. wilfordii group(16 g/kg by crude drug,i. g. )and neutralizer group(16 g/kg T. wilfordii crude drug i. g. after i. p injection of 100 mg/kg Ammonium glycyrrhizinate solution 3 h),with 8 rats in each group. All rats were treated for consecutive 3 weeks. The serum levels of AST and ALT in rats were detected every week. After the end of medication,the serum levels of HMGB1,IL-1β,IL-2 and TNF-α were detected by ELISA method;the protein expression of HMGB1,NF-κB p65 and TLR4 in liver tissue of rats were detected by Western blot assay. The pathological changes of liver tissue in rats were measured with HE staining method. RESULTS:After 3 weeks of treatment,the serum levels of AST, ALT,HMGB1,IL-1β,IL-2 and TNF-α in rats,the protein expression of HMGB1,NF-κB p65 and TLR4 in liver tissue of rats in T. wilfordii group were significantly higher than blank group and neutralizer group(P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). Hepatocyte edema was found around the central vein of the liver,and circular vacuoles were seen in some hepatic cytoplasm in T. wilfordii group;only varying size of vacuoles were found in a small number of cells in neutralizer group. CONCLUSIONS:T. wilfordii induced liver injury may be associated with the activation of HMGB1-TLR4/NF-κB inflammation pathway.

11.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 129-131, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697471

ABSTRACT

The effects of low level laser treatment(n = 20) on the swelling,pain and the degree of mouth opening after the impacted mandibular third molar extraction were compared with those without laser treatment(n = 20). The results indicate that low level laser can reduce the inflammation of the patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 248-251, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468688

ABSTRACT

Morphea complicated by Hashimoto's thyroiditis is reported in two sisters.Case 1:a 64-year-old female presented with skin rashes on the anterior neck,trunk and bilateral anterior shins for 5 years,itching skin rashes on the perineum for 4 years,and Hashimoto's thyroiditis for 9 years.Physical examination revealed grade 1 enlargement of firm thyroid gland without exophthalmos or pretibial myxedema.Dermatological examination showed pink patches on the neck and breast,sclerosis and atrophy of skin over the back,porcelain-white patches on the perineum.Histopathological findings suggested the diagnosis of morphea on the breast and lichen sclerosus et atrophicus on the perineum.Case 2:a 55-year-old female,who was the younger sister of case 1,suffered from gradual sclerosis and atrophy of skin in the left inframammary region and abdominal region for 4 years,as well as Hashimoto's thyroiditis for 3 years.Similarly,physical examination revealed grade 1 enlargement of firm thyroid gland without exophthalmos or pretibial myxedema.Hypopigmentation,sclerosis and atrophy of skin were observed in the left inframammary region,abdominal region and central back region.Histopathological examination suggested a diagnosis of morphea.According to the clinical and histopathological manifestations,periodic acid-Schiff staining and thyroid gland function test results,the 2 cases were both diagnosed as morphea complicated by Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 385-389, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464367

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the expression of polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) and Cyclin B1, p21WAF1in cervical carcinoma, and to determine the relationship between the expression of the three proteins and tumor clinicopathological features. Methods The expres-sion of Plk1, Cyclin B1 and p21WAF1 was detected in 102 cases of cervical carcinoma, 20 cases of (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, CIN) , and 20 cases of nomal cervical tissues by the technique of tissue chip and immunohistochemical staining of EliVision. Statistical analyses of the data were performed with SPSS 19. 0 software. Results The positive rates of Plk1 in cervical carcinoma and CIN were 70. 5%, 55. 0%, respectively, which were significantly higher than normal cervical tissues (10%) (P<0. 01);The positive rates of Cyclin B1 in cervical carcinoma and CIN were 52. 9% and 30. 0%, respectively, which were significantly higher than normal cervical tissues (10%)(P <0.01); The positive rates of p21WAF1 in cervical carcinoma and CIN were 23.5% and 10.0%, respectively, which were significantly higher than normal cervical tissues ( 0 ) ( P<0. 01 ) . There were no significant differences between cervical carcinoma and CIN in the positive rates of Plk1, Cyclin B1 and p21WAF1. The expression of Plk1 was associated with the depth of carci-noma invasion (P<0. 05), that of Cyclin B1 was associated with lymph node metastases and the depth of carcinoma invasion (P<0. 05)and that of p21WAF1 in cervical carcinoma was associated with histological grade (P<0. 05). In cervical carcinoma, the expres-sion of Plk1 was positively correlated with Cyclin B1 (rs =0. 297, P=0. 002) and negatively correlated with p21WAF1(rs = -0. 403, P<0. 001). Conclusion The expression of Plk1, Cyclin B1 and p21WAF1 is involved in the occurrence and development of cervical carcinoma, and the former two are also related with prognosis of cervical carcinoma. The combination of the three would provide a new target for clinical treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 510-513, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463241

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the clinicopathologic features of cervical adenoid basal cell carcinoma. Methods Clinical and pathological data were analyzed in 12 cases of cervical adenoid basal cell carcinoma and the relevant literatures were reviewed. Results The age of 12 cases of with cervical adenoid basal cell cancer patients ranged from 36~70 years ( mean:53. 3 years) , with a medi-an age of 51. 5 years. Amongst 12 patients who contained no gross definite lesion, 5 patients (41. 7%) had the symptoms of vaginal bleeding. 8 cases of patients underwent hysterectomy, while the other four received cervical conization. Cervical intraepithelial neopla-sia ( CIN) lesions were observed in all 12 cases. The tumor cells were small and uniform, with dark oval nuclei without conspicuous nucleoli and scanty cytoplasm. Tumor infiltrated into the stroma in nests and cords. Glandular differentiation within tumor nests were seen in 12 cases, including two cases of squamous cell differentiation accompanied by partial and minor interstitial edema. Peripheral palisading cells around tumor nests were also found. The infiltrating depth of tumor ranged from 0. 5~10 mm with the average 4. 12 mm. Cancer embolis were available in 2 cases with no lymph node metastasis. 10 cases followed up for 3~78 months with no recur-rence and metastasis, but 2 cases were lost. Conclusion Adenoid basal cell carcinoma is a rare uterine cervical tumor found in post-menopausal women, which are often accompanied with CIN. This tumor has a favorable prognosis and should be clearly separated from adenoid cystic carcinoma and other tumors which also have infiltrative growth pattern.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 514-517, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463240

ABSTRACT

Purpose To discuss the relationship between age of onset and the HPV types infection in cervical adenocarcinoma. Meth-ods This study included 120 specimens of cervical adenocarcinoma in Jiangxi Maternal and Child Health Hospital. The specimen blocks were sliced by sandwich method. DNA was amplified by SPF10-PCR method. DNA genotyping was used with LiPA method. All biopsy specimens had pathologic diagnosis. The HPV infection of cervical adenocarcinoma specimens was analyzed. Results 120 ade-nocarcinoma cases were included in this study. HPV positive rate was 77. 5% (93/120). HPV 18 was the most prevalent type, which took up 43. 01% (40/93) of the total HPV positive cases, as same as HPV 16, which took up 43. 01%(40/93) of the total HPV pos-itive cases. The average ages of HPV 16 and HPV 18 were 43. 41 and 41. 06 years old respectively, other HPV types were 46. 85 years old, which showed statistically difference (F=3. 58, P=0. 032). Conclusion HPV 18 and HPV 16 are two most prevalent HPV types in cervical adenocarcinoma. The cases of HPV 18 infection are younger than other HPV-types infection.

16.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3367-3369, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477131

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and adverse reaction of continuous low-dose oral Tegafur,Gimeracil and Oter-acil Potassium Capsules in combination with small dose of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE)in the treatment of pri-mary hepatocarcinoma patients.Methods A total of 92 primary hepatocarcinoma patients who were unable or unwilling to surgery. Patients were divided into treatment group and control group,with each consisted of 46 cases.The treatment group was given con-tinuous low-dose oral Tegafur,Gimeracil and Oteracil Potassium Capsules in combination with small dose of TACE,and the control group was given small dose TACE.All study subjects were reviewed DSA and CT.tumor angiogenesis and tumor staining,Karnof-sky Performance Scores(KPS),postoperative adverse events and complications was evaluated.PFS and the survival rate of three months,six months,one year and two years was estimated.Results Tumor angiogenesis and staining were significantly lower in treatment group than those of the control group(P 0.05).KPS scores in the two groups had no significant difference before and after treatment(P >0.05 ).PFS,one year and two years survival rate were better in treatment group than in the control group(P <0.05).Conclusion Combined appli-cation of continuous low-dose oral Tegafur,Gimeracil and Oteracil Potassium Capsules and small dose TACE was significantly su-perior to TACE alone in the treatment of primary hepatocarcinoma patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 27-32, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637449

ABSTRACT

Background Retinal neovascular diseases affect visual function.Although many drugs have been used to manage the visual diseases,their effectiveness is less than satisfactory.Studies showed that ursolic acid has multiple biological effects including anti-vascularization.However,the effect of ursolic acid on retinal neovascular diseases is unclear now.Objective This study was to observe the inhibitory effect of ursolic acid on the high oxygen-induced mouse retinal neovascularization after intravitreal injection.Methods Sixty clean 7-day-old C57BL/6J mice were divided into the blank control group,PBS control group,positive control group (triamcinolone) and low,moderate and high dose (1.5,3.0 and 6.0 μg) ursolic acid groups randomly.The blank control group mice were raised in normal environment,and the mice from other groups were fed in the environment with O2 concentration at (75±2)% for 5 days together with the maternal mice.The mice then were back to the normal air environment to induce retinal neovascularization.Then,the drugs were intravitreally immediately injected in the mice of the different groups.The mice were sacrificed at the 17-day old for the preparation of retinal sections.Retinal new blood vessel was examined by haematoxylin and eosin stain under the light microscope,and the number of vascular endothelial cell nucleus breaking the inner limiting membrane was counted.The gene expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF),cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in the mouse retinas were quantitatively assayed using reverse transcription PCR.Results The number of endothelial nuclei newly-generated vessel breaking internal limiting membrane in the mice of PBS control group was (18.65±3.24)/field,which was more than (0.78±0.11)/field of the blank control group obviously (t =2.24,P<0.05).The number of endothelial nuclei newly-generated breaking internal limiting membrane in the moderate-or high-dose ursolic acid group was less than that of moderate group obviously,it was statistically significant(P<0.05).The number of vascular endothelial cell nuclei breaking internal limiting membrane in high high-dose group was (13.32 ± 1.87)/field and (8.93 ± 1.09) /field,showing significant decreases in comparison with the PBS control group and low-dose ursolic acid group (18.65±3.24)/field (15.44±2.02)/field (all at P<0.05).However,no significant difference were seen in the number of new vascular endothelial cell nucleus between the high-dose ursolic acid group and the positive control group(9.14±1.13)/field (t=1.17,P>0.05).The relative expressions of COX-2 mRNA,VEGF mRNA and MMP-2 mRNA in the mouse retinas were higher in the PBS control group than those in the blank control group (t =13.45,12.49,14.32,all at P<0.05),and those in the moderate-dose or high-dose ursolic acid group were lowed in comparison with the PBS control group and the low-dose ursolic acid group (all at P<0.05),but there were no significant differences between the high-dose ursolic acid group and the positive control group (all at P>0.05).Conclusions Ursolic acid can suppress retinal neovascularization by down-regulating the expressions of VEGF,COX-2 and MMP-2 in oxygen-induced retinopathy of mouse in dose-dependent manner.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 130-132, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430903

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of human papillomavirus (HPV) L1 protein in lesional tissue of condyloma acuminatum and its clinical significance.Methods Forty-three patients with condyloma acuminatum were included in this study,and received CO2 laser therapy.Tissue samples were resected from the lesions of these patients at their first visit before treatment.Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of HPV L1 protein in these samples.Follow up was carried out once every 2 weeks for 3 months to assess the recurrence rate and frequency in these patients after treatment.Results HPV L1 protein was detected in 83.72% (36/43) of these tissue samples.The expression rate of HPV L1 protein decreased sequentially from patients infected with HPV 6/11,patients with both HPV 6/11 and 16/18,to those with HPV16/18 (x2 =17.90,P < 0.01).During the 12 weeks of follow up,the recurrence rate was 69.77% (30/43) with the average number of recurrence of 2.16.There was a sequential reduction in the recurrence rate and number from patients with strong expression of HPV L1 protein,to those with moderate expression,slight expression and negative expression (x2 =8.02,46.92,P < 0.05 and 0.01,respectively).The expression intensity of HPV L1 protein was negatively correlated with the recurrence rate and frequency (rs =-0.429,-0.696,respectively,both P < 0.01).Conclusion HPV L1 protein may serve as a helpful molecular biomarker for the prediction of prognosis and recurrence of condyloma acuminatum.

19.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 602-606, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437662

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinicopathologic features of mucinous cervical adenocarcinoma (ADC) and supply some reference for its diagnosis,treatment and prognosis.Methods Totally 88 cases with primary mucinous ADC diagnosed between January 2003 and December 2007 in Jiangxi Maternal and Child Health Hospital were retrieved.Their clinical and pathological data were reviewed and analyzed.Results Among 88 patients,70 cases of them were endocervical ADC,11 cases were minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA),2 cases were intestinal subtype and 5 cases were villoglandular ADC.The positive rate of cervical Pap smear cytology was only 28% (10/36).There were 10 cases were performed several times of cervical Pap smear cytology test and biopsies,while still no abnormality was found.Finally,7 cases of them were diagnosed by cervical excisional biopsy and endocervical curettage,including 5 cases with endocervical ADC and 2 cases with MDA; 2 cases (1 case with stage Ⅰ b1 endocervical ADC and 1 case with Ⅰ b1 MDA) were diagnosed by cold knife conization,and 1 case with stage Ⅰ b1 endocervical were diagnosed by uteroscopically directed biopsy.The overall 5-year survival rate was 60.0%.Using univariate analysis results showed that age (P =0.046),stage (P =0.007),tumor size (P =0.007) and therapeutic methods (P =0.009) were significant prognostic factors.Multivariate analysis showed that therapeutic methods was an independent predictor for survival (P =0.013).Stage Ⅱ b-Ⅲ b MDA patients occupied 7/11 of all MDA patient,while there was only one such patient of 5 cases with villoglandular ADC.The overall HPV infection rate was 65% (57/88),and there was no obvious differences about the HPV infection rates among different types of mucinous ADC.Conclusions Cervical smear cytology is of little significance to the diagnosis of mucinous cervical adenocarcinoma.Early stage mucinous ADC is difficult to be detected,especially for MDA.Cervical excisional biopsy,endocervical curettage,cold knife conization,uteroscope are beneficial to its diagnosis.Therapeutic methods is an important prognostic factor for mucinous ADC and comprehensive treatment should be given to those patients with risky postsurgical factors.

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Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1266-1268, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423509

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of macrophage migration inhibitory factor(MIF) in ovarian endometriosis (OEms).Methods MIF of ectopic endometriumeutopic endometrium in OEms and endometrium in non-endometriosis (30 cases in every group ) was detected by Elivision TM plus immunohistochemical.Quantitative images analytical system was performed with computer to analyze the mean absorbance(A) of MIF.Results The A of MIF in ectopic and eutopic endometrium of OEms and the normal control was respectively ( 0.180 ± 0.013 ),( 0.158 ± 0.022 ) and ( 0.143 ± 0.029 ),there was statistical significance between groups ( F =47.676,P < 0.001 ).The expression of MIF in proliferative phase of eutopic endometrium of OEms was(0.157 ±0.018),extremely stronger than that in the same phase of the normal control (0.146 ± 0.029 ) ( t =2.656,P =0.009 ) ; and MIF in secretory phase of eutopic endometrium of OEms was (0.160±0.028),obviously higher than that in the same phase of the normal control(0.137 ±0.030) (t =3.059,P =0.003).Conclusion The MIF may play a significant role in the pathogenesis and development of ovarian endometriosis.

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