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1.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 258-261, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976253

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo tentatively understand the status of radioactive contamination in nuclear medicine personnel. MethodsA total of 34 radiation staff engaged in nuclear medicine diagnosis and treatment were selected from two hospitals in Shanghai as the survey subjects.Among the 34 medical staff, 8 were nuclear medicine doctors, 14 were nuclear medicine technicians and 12 were nuclear medicine nurses. After surface contamination monitoring was first carried out to confirm that they had no surface radioactivity contamination, whole body scanning was performed with a whole body counter to determine whether they were internally contaminated with artificial radionuclides. ResultsThe α surface contamination was not detected in the nuclear medical staff. The β surface contamination of the nuclear medicine doctors, technicians and nurses was (13.8±0.8), (14.1±0.8) and (14.0±0.7) times per second, respectively. There were 2, 2, and 4 nuclear medicine doctors who were contaminated with 18F, 99mTc and 131I, 3, 5, and 2 nuclear medicine technicians who were contaminated with 18F, 99mTc and 131I, and 6, 8, and 5 nuclear medicine nurses who were contaminated with 18F, 99mTc and 131I, respectively. The 18F activity of nuclear medicine technicians was 1 997‒9 401 Bq, and the 99mTc activity of nuclear medicine technicians and nurses was 3 699‒18 692 and 652‒388 22 Bq, respectively. One nuclear medicine nurse had a 99mTc activity of 35 389 Bq. According to the preliminary estimation of 131I internal irradiation dose, the maximum committed effective dose of nuclear medicine doctors, technicians and nurses could reach 0.370, 0.018 and 0.584 mSv, respectively. ConclusionThe nuclear medicine staff are exposed to radioactive contamination, and it is important to monitor and evaluate their internal radiation doses.

2.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1220-1228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infected with Delta variant, so as to provide further references for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:A real-world study was conducted to analyze the characteristics of 166 COVID-19 patients infected with Delta variant at Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University.Results:The study enrolled 5 asymptomatic cases, 123 non-severe cases (mild and moderate type), and 38 severe cases (severe and critical type). Among these patients, 69 (41.6%) were male and 97 (58.4%) were female, with a mean age of 47.0±23.5 years. Thirty-nine cases (23.5%) had received 1 or 2 doses of inactivated vaccine. The incidence of severe COVID-19 cases was 7.7% in 2-doses vaccinated patients, which was lower than that of 11.5% in 1-dose and 26.8% in unvaccinated patients. The proportion of severe cases in 2 dose-vaccinated patients was 7.7%, which was lower than that of 11.5% in 1-dose vaccinated patients and 26.8% in unvaccinated patients, but the difference was not significant ( P>0.05). The most common clinical symptom was fever (134 cases, 83.2%), and 39.1% of cases presented with high-grade fever (≥39 °C); other symptoms were cough, sputum, fatigue, and xerostomia. The proportion of fever in severe cases was significantly higher than that of non-severe cases (97.4% vs. 76.4%, P<0.01). Similarly, the proportion of severe cases with high peak temperature (≥39 ℃) () was also higher than that of non-severe cases (65.8% vs. 30.9%, P<0.01). The median minimal Cycle threshold (Ct) values of viral nucleic acid N gene and ORFlab gene were 20.3 and 21.5, respectively, and the minimum Ct values were 11.9 and 13.5, respectively. Within 48 h of admission, 9.0% of cases presented with decreased white blood cell counts, and 52.4% with decreased lymphocyte counts. The proportions of increased C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, interleukin 6, and interleukin 10 were 32.5%, 57.4%, 65.3%, and 35.7%, respectively. The proportions of elevated C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A and interleukin-6 in severe cases were significantly higher than those in non-severe cases ( P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that older age and higher peak temperature were associated with a higher likelihood of severe cases ( OR>3, 95% CI: 2-7, P<0.01). In terms of treatment, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was used in 97.6% of non-severe cases and 100% in severe cases. Other treatments included respiratory and nutritional support, immunotherapy (such as neutralizing antibodies and plasma of recovered patients). The median times from admission to progression to severe cases, of fever clearance, and of nucleic acid conversion were 5 days, 6 days and 19 days, respectively. No deaths were reported within 28 days. Conclusions:The symptoms of Delta variant infection in Guangzhou are characterized by a high proportion of fever, high peak temperature, long duration of fever, high viral load, a long time to nucleic acid conversion, and a high incidence of severe cases. The severe cases exhibit a higher percentage of elderly patients, a longer duration of fever and have a higher fever rate and a higher hyperthermia rate than non-severe cases. Age and hyperthermia are independent risk factors for progression to severe disease. The combination of TCM and Western medicine can control the progression of the disease effectively.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 622-625, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features and diagnosis of coexistence of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and Beh?et's disease associated with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS).Methods:We analyzed a case of coexistence of ankylosing spondylitis and Beh?et's disease associated with APS in Seventh Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital in 2016, and the related literature were reviewed.Results:A 26-year-old male patient suffered from inflammatory low back pain, arthralgia and iritis. A His CT imaging revealed bilateral grade Ⅱ of bilateral sacroiliac arthritis. He was diagnosed as AS. He also had recurrent oral ulceration, iritis, vascular disorders and positive acupuncture pathergy test. He was diagnosed as Beh?et's disease. He suffered from recurrentpeated venous thrombosis. Laboratory tests revealed positive antiphospholipid antibodies. He was diagnosed as secondary APS complicated with Beh?et's disease. After he was treated with of glucocorticosteroid, cyclophosphamide, adalimumab and dabigatran, his condition improved significantly.Conclusion:There are some cases reported of AS with Beh?et's disease, or Beh?et's disease with APS, or AS with APS. The relationship between them is complex. The possibility of coexistence of AS and Beh?et's disease and APS should not be ignored, in order to avoid misdiagnosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 461-465, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866281

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics and risk factors of infectious pathogens after open limb fracture surgery.Methods From January 2016 to December 2018,180 patients with open limb fracture admitted to Hangzhou Hospital of Zhejiang Medical and Health Group were selected to observe the infection after operation.Pathogens were isolated and identified by automatic biological analyzer and bacterial identification system,and drug resistance test was carried out by K-B method.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of infection after open limb fracture surgery.Results Among 180 cases of open limb fracture,29 cases had postoperative infection,the infection rate was 16.11%.Among 29 cases of post-operative infection,34 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated,including 19 strains of Gram-positive bacteria,13 strains of Gram-negative bacteria and 2 strains of fungi.The resistance rate of Staphylococcus aureus to penicillin G was high,and the resistance rate was 80.00%.Univariate analysis showed that there were no statistically significant differences in gender,BMI,injury site,smoking history,hypertension and intraoperative bleeding between the two groups (x2 =0.252,0.416,0.734,0.856,0.572,all P > 0.05).There were statistically significant differences in age,diabetes mellitus,operation time,hospitalization time,wound contamination and drainage tube placement time between the two groups (x2 =21.537,9.664,17.244,15.459,24.327,19.804,all P < 0.05).The single factor analysis showed that age > 60 years old,diabetes mellitus,operation time > 3h,hospitalization time > 14d,wound contamination and drainage tube placement time > 4d were independent risk factors for infection after open limb fracture surgery.Conclusion Postoperative infection rate of open limb fracture is high.Gram-positive bacteria are the main pathogenic bacteria.Postoperative infection is affected by many factors.In order to prevent postoperative infection,specific measures should be taken and antibiotics should be used reasonably in strict accordance with drug sensitivity test.

5.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 897-902, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661147

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anti-fatigue phenomenon induced by forced swimming in the mice,and to explore the anti-fatigue effect of argininyl fructoyl glucose (AFG) from red ginseng in the mice and its mechanism.Methods:The AFG was extracted from red ginseng.The ICR mice were divided into blank control group,low dose of AFG group (100 mg · kg-1),middle dose of AFG group (200 mg · kg-1) and high dose of AFG group (400 mg · kg-1) (n=20).The mice mere given a forced swimming test after continuous gavage for 28 d.The weights,organ indexes,time of forced swimming,contents of lactic acid (LD),blood urea nitrogen (BUN),hepatic glycogen (Gly) and expressing levels of PGC-1α in gastrocnemius of the mice in various groups were detected.Results:Compared with blank control group,the weights and organ indexes of the mice in low,middle and high doses of AFG groups had no significant differences (P> 0.05).Compared with blank control group,the time of forced swimming,contents of Gly and expressing levels of PGC-1α of the mice in low,middle and high doses of AFG groups were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner.Compared with blank control group,The contents of LD and BUN in serum of the mice in low,middle and high doses of AFG groups were significantly decreased (P<0.01).Conclusion:AFG has anti-fatigue effect in mice,and its mechanism may be related to energy metabolism.

6.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 585-590, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608475

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of serum uric acid(UA)levels with reference to the age,waist circumference,and body mass index(BMI)in predicting the metabolic syndrome(MS)in obese children.Methods A total of 300 obese children,including 180 boys and 120 girls,were enrolled in this study.The height,BMI,waist and hip circumference,blood pressure,serum glucose,insulin and lipid profile in all participants were measured.Oral glucose tolerance test and insulin releasing test were performed.The boys or girls were divided into 4 groups according to the 4 quantile of UA level,respectively.The clinical characteristics and correlation of UA with the clinical indexes and MS components were compared.The binary Logistic regression analysis was applied in the risk of MS and its components for the 4 groups of obese children.The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC curve)of UA level,age,waist circumference and BMI were used to predict the MS.Results UA level was increased with the increase of age,waist circumference and BMI,and the UA level was significantly correlated with triacylglycerol,postprandial 2 h glucose(2 h PG)(r=0.196,0.174 in boys;r=0.291,0.179 in girls).In boys,the adjusted odds ratio and 95%CI of the highest quartile of UA for triglyceridemia was 2.71(95%CI:0.77-9.58);which in girls,the adjusted odds ratio and 95%CI of the highest quartile of UA for hyperglycemia,hypertension were 8.45(95%CI:1.76-40.52)and 3.93(95%CI:0.66-23.33),respectively,with significant differences.In boys,the area under the ROC curve of UA level,age,waist circumference and BMI which predict the MS were 0.652 0.626,0.621,0.62,respectively,and the differences were significant(all P<0.05).Conclusions The UA level is significantly correlated with the composition of MS,UA detection combining with reference to the age,waist circumference,and BMI is helpful for the identification of high risk groups of metabolic syndrome.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 52-54,58, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606749

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare and analysis of the clinical effect of Sanziyangqin decoction and ambroxol hydrochloride in the treatment of bronchiolitis.Methods 125 cases of bronchiolitis patients with complete data collected were retrospectively analyzed, randomly divided into control group ( 62 cases ) and observation group ( 63 cases ) , were treated with conventional ambroxol hydrochloride and Sanziyangqin decoction. The improvement of clinical symptoms, hospitalization time and treatment effect of the two groups were observed.Results The observation group of cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, throat phlegm and rales disappeared time and hospitalization time were significantly shorter than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).After treatment, the observation group of the total effective rate was 95.24%, significantly higher than the control group 72.58%, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).After Three months of treatment, the quality of life (GQOLI-74) was used to evaluate the scores of the patients in the two groups.The scores of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Before and after treatment in the two groups respectively were detected in blood and liver and kidney function, urine routine and other indicators, the detection and comparison were not abnormal, and the two groups before and after treatment were not found any adverse reaction.Conclusion The treatment of bronchiolitis in patients with Sanziyangqin decoction has the exact effect, compared with conventional ambroxol hydrochloride treatment can better improve the patient's clinical symptoms and signs, shorten the hospitalization time, improve the treatment efficiency and quality of life of patients, and there is no adverse reactions, is a safe and effective treatment method.

8.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 412-415, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report one case of mushroom poisoning complicated with multiple organ disfunction syndrome treated by sequential blood purification,and to explore the treatment method and principle of mushroom poisoning complicated with multiple organ disfunction syndrome.Methods:Hemoperfusion was performed in the patient,once every other day,combined with sequential blood purification of hemoperfusion and hemodialysis, and supplemented by hormone therapy and anti-infection.Results:The patient was out of danger,and the vital signs were stable;liver function,kidney function and blood routine were recovered.Conclusion:Early application of hemoperfusion combined with sequential blood purification can effectively treat the mushroom poisoning complicated with multiple organ disfunction syndrome and thrombotic microangiopathy,and improve the prognosis.

9.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 897-902, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anti-fatigue phenomenon induced by forced swimming in the mice,and to explore the anti-fatigue effect of argininyl fructoyl glucose (AFG) from red ginseng in the mice and its mechanism.Methods:The AFG was extracted from red ginseng.The ICR mice were divided into blank control group,low dose of AFG group (100 mg · kg-1),middle dose of AFG group (200 mg · kg-1) and high dose of AFG group (400 mg · kg-1) (n=20).The mice mere given a forced swimming test after continuous gavage for 28 d.The weights,organ indexes,time of forced swimming,contents of lactic acid (LD),blood urea nitrogen (BUN),hepatic glycogen (Gly) and expressing levels of PGC-1α in gastrocnemius of the mice in various groups were detected.Results:Compared with blank control group,the weights and organ indexes of the mice in low,middle and high doses of AFG groups had no significant differences (P> 0.05).Compared with blank control group,the time of forced swimming,contents of Gly and expressing levels of PGC-1α of the mice in low,middle and high doses of AFG groups were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner.Compared with blank control group,The contents of LD and BUN in serum of the mice in low,middle and high doses of AFG groups were significantly decreased (P<0.01).Conclusion:AFG has anti-fatigue effect in mice,and its mechanism may be related to energy metabolism.

10.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 1024-1027, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473789

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and investigate clinical characteristics, pathogenesis and treatment of urinary tract infection and aseptic meningitis. Methods Clinical features and laboratory tests of a two-month-old baby girl with urinary tract infection and aseptic meningitis were reported. Results The patient complained of fever, neck stiffness and a bulging fontanel, accompanied by congestion and abnormal secretion of urethra. The cerebrospinal lfuid (CSF) white blood cell count was 30×106/L. The blood culture and the CSF culture were both negative. And the urine culture was positive for Enterococcus faecium. The patient received a 10-day course of intravenous antibiotic therapy. The prognosis is good with no recurrence of the disease. Conclusions Aseptic meningitis can be concomitant with urinary tract infection, The probable hypothesis may be that sterile CSF pleocytosis is mediated by urinary tract infection. Knowledge of this may prevent unnecessary antibiotics therapy for presumed bacterial meningitis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 8325-8330, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441051

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Swel ing after knee arthroplasty can produce tension bul ae, worsen pain, and even block venous return. Thus, intraventricular pressure of osseous fascia increases, which can block arterial blood circulation, even induce osteofascial compartment syndrome. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate efficacy of Cryf/cuff Systems and intermittent cold compress with hypertonic saline fol owing total knee arthroplasty. METHODS:A total of 60 patients with unilateral total knee arthroplasty were randomly assigned into two groups. Persistent freezing group received treatment with Cryo/cuff Systems after arthroplasty, and intermittent cold group received intermittent cold compress with hypertonic saline after arthroplasty. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Significant differences in circumference differences in superior patel ar pole, patel ar midpoint, and thickest point of gastrocnemius muscle were detected between persistent freezing group and intermittent cold group at 1 and 2 days after total knee arthroplasty (P<0.05), but no significant difference was detectable at day 3. Visual analogue scale scores at rest and during activity were significantly lower in the persistent freezing group than those in the intermittent cold group at 1 and 2 days after total knee arthroplasty (P<0.01), but no significant difference was visible at day 3. Range of motion was better in the persistent freezing group than that in the intermittent cold group at 1, 2 and 3 days (P<0.01), but no significant difference was observed at 1 and 2 weeks. Mean skin temperature was higher in the persistent freezing group than that in the intermittent cold group at 3 days (P<0.05). Results suggested that Cryf/cuff Systems could lessen tissue swel ing and pain, increased range of motion compared with intermittent cold compress with hypertonic saline at 1 and 2 days after total knee arthroplasty, but no significant difference was detected at day 3. That is, intermittent cold compress with hypertonic saline can reach the same effect as Cryf/cuff Systems at day 3.

12.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 139-142, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241843

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To synthesize and evaluate a novel injectable and water-swelling gingival displacement materials.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A kind of water-swelling polymer, kaolin and aluminum chloride were mechanically mixed at certain ratio in water solution, resulting to a novel paste materials for gingival displacement. Then, its stability in aqueous solution and water swelling properties were evaluated in vitro. The effect on gingival displacement was evaluated by animal experiments in dogs. A commercial gingival displacement materials paste of Expasyl was used as control.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>While contacting with water, the novel gingival displacement paste did not collapse, maintained its integrity structure, and could expand for adsorbing water. Animal experiments in dogs showed that the materials could lead to displace the gingival margins from the dental root surfaces.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The novel injectable and expanded gingival displacement material is efficient to retract free gingival margin with potential clinical application.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Aluminum Compounds , Chlorides , Gingiva , Water
13.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2046-2048, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421881

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the feasibility and superiority of video-assisted minithoracotomy surgery (VAMT) in treatment of adolescent patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax. MethodsThe clinical data of 103 adolescent patients with spontaneous pneumothorax were analyzed retrospectively. VAMTS was performed in 56 cases and video-assisted thoracoseopic surgery(VATS) was performed in 47 cases. complications Statistical analysis were undergoing in middle-operation, post-operation and ambi-operation in the two groups were analyzed. ResultsNo statistically significant difference were found in blood loss ,operating time,pain grade, out-of-bed activity time, antibiotics use time,chest drainage time,hospital day pulmonary infection between the two groups( all P >0.05 ). The cost of hospitalization was lower in VAMTS group compare to VATS group ( P < 0.05). ConclusionVAMT in treatment of adolescent patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax had the advantage of simple performance, reliable effectiveness, practical,lower cost of hospitalization fee.

14.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 6-8, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390724

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy of insulin aspart and human soluble insulin on postprandial glucose control and blood glucose excursion in type 2 diabetic patients managed with insulin pump therapy. Methods All of 345 hospitalized type 2 diabetic patients were randomized divided into two groups. One group underwent insulin pump therapy with insulin aspart (aspart group, 173 cases),another group with human soluble insulin (humulin R group, 172 cases). Capillary glucose concentrations were measured at 9 time points,including preprandial,2 hours postprandial,bedtime (22:00),midnight(0:00) and 3:00 every day during the treatment. The change of blood glucose at each time point and the variation of postprandial blood glucose excursion was compared between the two groups. The frequency of hypoglycemia was also evaluated. Results After treatment, fasting blood glucose and post breakfast and post dinner blood glucose levels were decreased more significantly in the aspart group than those in the humulin R group. And a significantly smaller postprandial blood glucose excursion was shown in the aspart group compared with that in the humulin R group (P< 0.05). The time to achieve good glycemic control in the aspart group was (4.40 ± 2.16) d, significantly shorter than that in the humulin R group[(5.68 ± 2.29) d](P< 0.05). The incidence of hypoglycemia was significantly lower in the aspart group (P <0.05). Conclusion Insulin aspart results in better control of blood glucose and less glycemic variability compare with human soluble insulin in type 2 diabetic patients during delivery by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion.

15.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 610-613, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380511

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between post-stroke urinary incontinence(UI)and 1 year stroke outcomes.Methods One hundred and thirty consecutive cerebral stroke survivors were classified into 2 groups according to their incontinence status at 1 to 10 d after onset.The patients'baseline characteristics,1 year mortality rate,abilities in the activities of daily living(ADL)and Modified Rankin Scale(mRS)scores were compared.Multivariate analysis was applied to highlight UI risk factors and correlations between UI and 1 year outcomes.Results Total anterior circulation syndrome(TACS)numbers and National Institutes of Health stroke assessment (NIHSS)scores in the UI group exceeded significantly those in the non-UI group,and both were significantly associated with initial UI.The 1 year mortality rate,patients'ADL dependence and mRS scores in the UI group exceeded those in the non-UI group significantly.Initial UI was also significantly associated with the 1 year outcome independently,as well as with age>75 years,Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project(OCSP)classification and initial NIHSS score.Conclusion UI is common in the patients with TACS and higher initial NIHSS scores.Initial UI predicts a poor 1 year outcome,SO treatment should be strengthened.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 173-177, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383867

ABSTRACT

Objective To study gastroscopic features and clinical diagnosis of prepyloric mem-brane. Methods Clinical characteristics,gastroscopic manifestation and operational findings of 18 pa-tients,whose prepyloric membrane have been confirmed by operations,were retrospectively reviewed. Results Gastroscopie findings showed that all the 1 8 patients suffered gastric retention and pyloric obstruc-tion to some degree,with 4 cases of esophageal erosion and/or esophageal ulcer,five cases of erosive hemor-rhagic gastritis,one case of ulcer at gastric antrum,gastric comer and pylorus respectively. There were 2 ca-ses of aperture like narrowing in prepyloric region. And there were 9 cases that showed obvious congestion and edema in the prepyloric mucus,with uniform circular mucusal protrusion around the stenosing stoma,and volcano-like depression in the middle,three cases of which showed mucosal membrane standing out to the gastric cavity. The membrane found in the above 11 cases located in pyloric exit or tube,and they under-went membrane excision and py|oroplasty. The other 7 cases showed thick mucosal folds at the distal antrum with radial arrangement. Round or irregular stenosing stoma were observed. These cases proved to be antral membrane,1-3 cm away from the duodenum and pylorus,and underwent simple membrane resection. Conclusion Congenital prepyloric membrane is rare and it likely mis-diagnosed. The onset and the degree of symptoms depend on the diameter of aperture of the membrane. Early endoscopy,in addition to barium contrast,should be performed on those children who have intermittent bilious vomiting,where false-positive radiological findings can be avoided,therefore,to facilitate right diagnosis and appropriate operation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 129-132, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401597

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the regiments of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) in admitted type 2 diabetic patients, and to analyse the factors related to its effectiveness and insulin dosage. Methods A total of 1 276 type 2 diabetic patients were treated by CSII. The total efficacy of CSII was evaluted. The use of CSII was also analysed in the newly diagnosed patients, elderly patients, and patients with obese or infectious disease. Results The excellent control of blood glucose were achieved in (5.7±2.6)days in the dosage more early and quickly in the newly diagnosed group than that in the previously diagnosed group after the blood glucose levels achieved good control. The percentage of the patients reached the clinical relieve was also higher in the newly diagnosed group. The incidence of hypoglycemia was significantly higher in the elderly patients with lower basal insulin dosage at night. The bolus insulin dosage in the obese patients was higher than that in the non-obese patients. The patients with infectious disease usually have a higher basal insulin dosage than those without infectious disease. The days needed for achieving good control of blood glucose and the insulin dosage were related to infectious factors, the basal blood glucose and obesity. Conclusion The application of CSII among the patients is varied with different conditions. Blood glucose level, body mass index and infection factors are important to determine the initial insulin dosage.

18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 567-569, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399263

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) in elderly type 2 diabetic patients. Methods Elderly group(n = 415) and control group (n= 461) received the transient CSII intensive treatment. The different regiments and the incidence of hypoglycemia were observed between the two groups. Results The average duration reaching the target blood glucose and the insulin dosage at the target time were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). The insulin basal rate in the elderly patients was lower than that in control group. The incidence of hypoglycemia, especially at night, was significantly higher in the elderly patients.Conclusions CSII could control blood glucose effectively in elderly type 2 diabetic patients, but the basal insulin dosage should be decreased to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia.

19.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565370

ABSTRACT

0.5 or close to 1.0,suggesting marker retained many parts of the sigmoid colon and rectum,FOOC possibility.Normal group,constipation group colon 48,72 hour markers district retention contrast,have significant differences.TI as the STC's kinetic parameters can be used as the difference between STC and the simple and reliable indicators FOOC.17 cases in this group(accounting for 68%)FC children with TI in 48 h,72 h were 0.5,in line with the characteristics of FOOC.Conclusion The results of this study showed that colonic transit time checks can be more accurately reflect the normal function of colonic transit may be the evaluation of patients with functional constipation colonic transit weaken the seriousness of the correct and reasonable to carry out sub-type of clinical treatment of important guiding significance.

20.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595986

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the hormesis effect on human marrow mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs)induced by low dose radiation(LDR) and its related signal transduction mechanism.Methods Human marrow MSCs and K562 cells were divided into control group,radiation group and SB203580 group.The dose of radiation was 75 mGy in three group.The expression levels of P38MAPK,P53,P21 and proliferation index(PI) were observed at 24 h after radiation,The expressions of phosphor-P38MAPK(p-P38MAPK) of K562 cells and MSCs were observed immediatly,4,12 and 24 h after radiation.SB203580 was adjusted to 5 ?mol?L-1 end concentration according to the culture liquid volume in SB203580 group,and was added at 1 h before experiment.Results The expression of p-P38MAPK of human MSCs attained peak at 12 h after 75 mGy radiation,the expression levels of P53 and P21 protein were dereased,PI was increased,P38MAPK didn't change;P53 and P21were increased,PI was decreased after P38MAPK kinase activity was inhibited with SB203580;the expression levels of p-P38MAPK,P53,P21,P38MAPK and PI of K562 cells didn't change at 24 h after 75 mGy radiation;PI was slightly decreased,P21 was slightly increased after addition of SB203580.Conclusion LDR can induce hormesis of human MSCs,the proliferation hormesis is mediated by P38MAPK signal and related to down-regulation of P21 which is P53 dependent.

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