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1.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 800-806, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986991

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the performance of Clear Cell Likelihood Score (ccLS) v1.0 and v2.0 in diagnosing clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) from small renal masses (SRM).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and MR images of patients with pathologically confirmed solid SRM from the First Medical Center of the Chinese PLA General Hospital between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2021, and from Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University and Peking University First Hospital between January 1, 2019 and May 17, 2021. Six abdominal radiologists were trained for use of the ccLS algorithm and scored independently using ccLS v1.0 and ccLS v2.0. Random- effects logistic regression modeling was used to generate plot receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) to evaluate the diagnostic performance of ccLS v1.0 and ccLS v2.0 for ccRCC, and the area under curve (AUC) of these two scoring systems were compared using the DeLong's test. Weighted Kappa test was used to evaluate the interobserver agreement of the ccLS score, and differences in the weighted Kappa coefficients was compared using the Gwet consistency coefficient.@*RESULTS@#In total, 691 patients (491 males, 200 females; mean age, 54 ± 12 years) with 700 renal masses were included in this study. The pooled accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of ccLS v1.0 for diagnosing ccRCC were 77.1%, 76.8%, 77.7%, 90.2%, and 55.7%, as compared with 80.9%, 79.3%, 85.1%, 93.4%, 60.6% with ccLS v2.0, respectively. The AUC of ccLS v2.0 was significantly higher than that of ccLS v1.0 for diagnosis of ccRCC (0.897 vs 0.859; P < 0.01). The interobserver agreement did not differ significantly between ccLS v1.0 and ccLS v2.0 (0.56 vs 0.60; P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ccLS v2.0 has better performance for diagnosing ccRCC than ccLS v1.0 and can be considered for use to assist radiologists with their routine diagnostic tasks.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Kidney , Carcinoma , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnosis
2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 466-470, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994064

ABSTRACT

Fumarate hydratasedeficient renal cell carcinoma(FH-RCC)is s a rare and highly aggressive and metastatic form of renal cell carcinoma. Clinical diagnosis is relatively challenging, and there is a lack of recognized systemic treatment options. Therefore, in clinical practice, it is necessary to have a deeper understanding of this disease and fully integrate family history, imaging findings, and pathological manifestations for clinical identification, and genetic testing shoule be conducted when necessary. Improved patient prognosis can be achieved through the selection of appropriate curative surgery or systemic treatment strategies.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 661-667, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992994

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and MRI features of the mixed epithelial and stromal tumor family (MESTF) of the kidney.Methods:From January 2009 to September 2021, 42 patients with pathologically-proven MESTF from the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital were collected in this retrospective study. Clinical information, MRI features, and pathological results were documented. According to the Bosniak classification (BC) version 2019, all MESTFs were divided into cystic MESTFs (36 cases) and solid-cystic MESTFs (6 cases). The R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry score (RNS), lesion size, laterality, location, margin, shape, growth pattern, presence of protruding into renal sinus, hemorrhage, and enhancement pattern were evaluated and documented. Based on BC versions 2005 and 2019, all the cystic MESTFs were assessed and divided into low (Ⅰ, Ⅱ, ⅡF) and high (Ⅲ, Ⅳ) grades. The independent sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test were performed to compare age, RNS, and lesion size between cystic MESTFs and solid-cystic MESTFs. Pearson χ 2 test, continuity-adjusted χ 2 test or Fisher exact probability test were utilized to evaluated the differences of clinical and MRI features and the distribution of low or high grades in two versions of BC. Results:Forty-two MESTFs were unilateral and solitary masses, 25 males and 17 females, with a mean age of (41±13) years old. Compared to solid-cystic MESTFs, cystic MESTFs were prone to demonstrate endophytic growth pattern (χ 2=17.77, P<0.001), and no significant differences in other clinical and MRI features were observed between cystic and solid-cystic MESTFs (all P>0.05). There were 7 low-grade and 29 high-grade tumors in the BC version 2005, respectively. Meanwhile, 24 low-grade and 12 high-grade tumors in the BC version 2019, respectively. The distribution of low or high-grade tumors in the two versions of BC had a statistically significant difference (χ 2=16.37, P<0.001). Conclusion:MESTFs demonstrated middle-age onset and no gender predilection. Cystic MESTFs are more likely to exhibit endophytic growth pattern with low-grade classification in BC system version 2019.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 549-555, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932538

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the MRI characteristics of surgical resected renal angiomyolipoma (AML) smaller than 4 cm.Methods:A total of 112 patients with surgical pathology confirmed renal AML of which the maximum diameter was smaller than 4 cm were analyzed retrospectively in the First Medical Centre, Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2014 to November 2020, 5 of which were epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) patients. According to the presence or absence of visible fat in lesions on MRI, the lesions were divided into AML with fat group and AML without visible fat (AML wovf) group. The MRI features were evaluated, including maximum diameter, location, growth pattern, shape, beak sign, angular interface with renal parenchyma, pseudo-capsule, hemorrhage, cystic degeneration, coagulative necrosis, flowing void in the tumor, signal intensity and homogeneity on T 2WI and diffusion weighter imaging (DWI), the peak enhanced phase. The differences of maximum diameter of AML with fat and AML wovf were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test, and the differences of MRI features were analyzed using χ 2 test or Fisher′s exact probability test. Results:There were 123 lesions found in 112 patients, and 96 lesions contained fat and 27 lesions were AML wovf. 82 lesions showed round and round-like shapes, 112 lesions showed exophytic growth pattern, 71 lesions with peak enhancement in corticomedullary phase. And the numbers of lesions with angular interface with renal parenchyma, beak sign, cystic degeneration, pseudo-capsule, hemorrhage were 30, 49, 1, 1, 1, respectively. There was no coagulative necrosis in all lesions. Compared with AML with fat, AML wovf was single lesion. The diameters of AML with fat and AML wovf were 2.5 (1.7, 3.5) and 1.8 (1.4, 2.3) cm respectively, with statistically significant difference ( Z=-2.80, P=0.005). In the AML with fat and AML wovf, 65 and 12 cases were heterogeneous in T 2WI, 44 and 5 lesions showed beak sign, 26 and 4 lesions showed angular interface with renal parenchyma, 57 and 10 cases were heterogeneous in DWI. And there were 5 and 6 lesions showed the endophytic, 44 and 8 lesions showed partly exophytic, 47 and 13 lesions showed exophytic in patterns of tumor growth respectively. The beak sign, homogeneous in T 2WI and DWI, patterns of tumor growth showed statistical differences in AML with fat and AML wovf (all P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in other features ( P>0.05). A total of 5 EAML patients were with 8 lesions. One patient had 4 lesions with fat, other patients had single lesion in which 2 lesions with fat, 2 lesions without visible fat. One lesion without visible fat showed hemorrhage. Conclusions:Surgical resected AML smaller than 4 cm is often exophytic round and round-like, enhanced in corticomedullary phase, showing angular interface with renal parenchyma and beak sign, with rare cystic degeneration, pseudo-capsule, hemorrhage and improbable coagulation necrosis. AML wovf is single smaller lesion which often shows endophytic growth pattern, and beak sign is infrequent. EAML seems to be present in two modes, multiple lesions with fat and AML wovf with hemorrhage.

5.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 506-527, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897424

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#C5α receptor 1 (C5ΑR1) is associated with the development of various human cancers. However, whether it is involved in the development of hepatitis B virus (HBV)–related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is poorly understood. We explored the expression, biological role, and associated mechanisms of C5AR1 in HBV-related hepatoma cells. @*Materials and Methods@#The expression of C5ΑR1 mediated by HBV and HBV core protein (HBc) was detected in hepatoma cells. The function of nuclear factor кB (NF-κB) pathway in HBc-induced C5AR1 expression was assessed. The roles of C5ΑR1 in the activation of intracellular signal pathways, the upregulation of inflammatory cytokines, and the growth and migration of hepatoma cells mediated by HBc, were investigated. The effect of C5α in the development of HCC mediated by C5AR1 was also measured. @*Results@#C5ΑR1 expression was increased in HBV-positive hepatoma cells. Dependent on HBc, HBV enhanced the expression of C5ΑR1 at the mRNA and protein levels. Besides, HBc could promote C5ΑR1 expression via the NF-κB pathway. Based on the C5ΑR1, HBc facilitated the activation of JNK and ERK pathways and the expression and secretion of interleukin-6 in hepatoma cells. Furthermore, C5ΑR1 was responsible for enhancing the growth and migration of hepatoma cells mediated by HBc. Except these, C5α could promote the malignant development of HBc-positive HCC via C5AR1. @*Conclusion@#We provide new insight into the mechanisms of hepatocarcinogenesis mediated by HBc. C5ΑR1 has a significant role in the functional abnormality of hepatoma cells mediated by HBc, and might be utilized as a potential therapeutic target for HBV-related HCC.

6.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 506-527, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889720

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#C5α receptor 1 (C5ΑR1) is associated with the development of various human cancers. However, whether it is involved in the development of hepatitis B virus (HBV)–related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is poorly understood. We explored the expression, biological role, and associated mechanisms of C5AR1 in HBV-related hepatoma cells. @*Materials and Methods@#The expression of C5ΑR1 mediated by HBV and HBV core protein (HBc) was detected in hepatoma cells. The function of nuclear factor кB (NF-κB) pathway in HBc-induced C5AR1 expression was assessed. The roles of C5ΑR1 in the activation of intracellular signal pathways, the upregulation of inflammatory cytokines, and the growth and migration of hepatoma cells mediated by HBc, were investigated. The effect of C5α in the development of HCC mediated by C5AR1 was also measured. @*Results@#C5ΑR1 expression was increased in HBV-positive hepatoma cells. Dependent on HBc, HBV enhanced the expression of C5ΑR1 at the mRNA and protein levels. Besides, HBc could promote C5ΑR1 expression via the NF-κB pathway. Based on the C5ΑR1, HBc facilitated the activation of JNK and ERK pathways and the expression and secretion of interleukin-6 in hepatoma cells. Furthermore, C5ΑR1 was responsible for enhancing the growth and migration of hepatoma cells mediated by HBc. Except these, C5α could promote the malignant development of HBc-positive HCC via C5AR1. @*Conclusion@#We provide new insight into the mechanisms of hepatocarcinogenesis mediated by HBc. C5ΑR1 has a significant role in the functional abnormality of hepatoma cells mediated by HBc, and might be utilized as a potential therapeutic target for HBV-related HCC.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 91-95, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734575

ABSTRACT

Objective To summary the pathological and clinical characteristics,treatments and prognosis of malignant renal perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa).Methods Between August 2013 and June 2017,8 cases of malignant renal PEComa were analysed respectively.Of all the patients,there were 4 males and 4 females,aged 27-65 years with the average of 46.3 years old.Three cases were detected in routine examination occasionally,three cases complained of intermittent back pain with fever,one presented with swollen and painful right hand and right foot,and one case presented with hematuria.CT or MRI examinations indicated the malignant lesions before the surgery.Clinical staging was performed with 2 cases of T1N0M0,1 case of T1 N0M1,2 cases of T2N0M0,1 case of T3M0M0,and 2 cases of T4N0M1.Three cases underwent radical nephrectomy,1 case underwent radical nephrectomy plus renal artery embolization,2 cases underwent partial nephrectomy,and 2 cases underwent nephrectomy plus inferior vena cava tumor thrombectomy.One case was treated with ifosfamide plus epirubicin after operation due to multiple distant metastases and 1 case was treated with oxaliplatin before the sugery because of excessive tumor diameter.None of the rest received any adjuvant therapy.Results Postoperative histopathological examination showed multiple nodules in reddish gray and yellow color,with soft texture and partial incomplete capsule.Microscopically,there were large atypical cell components,some of which were spindle shaped,with disordered cell arrangement,some of which were associated with a large amount of necrotic tissue,and abundant light eosinophil cytoplasm.Tissue components can be found thick-wall blood vessels,smooth muscle-like cells,and adipose tissue.Immunohistochemistry showed 4 cases were positive of HMB-45,4 of Melan-A,7 of SAM.Seven cases were negative of CK,6 of S-100 75% (6/8) and Ki67 (10%-70%).Two cases died of multiple metastases (lung,bone,liver),1 case survived with tumor recurrence,with a follow-up from 14 to 60 months (mean 29 months).Conclusions Primary malignant renal PEComa is rare in practice with relative large diameter.The diagnosis depends on pathological findings,and radical nephrectomy is the first choice of treatment.It is easy to recur and metastasize after the operation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 7-12, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734234

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and histopathological features of cervical basal squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC). Methods A retrospective analysis of 10 cases of cervical BSCC was carried out. The clinical data and all the pathological sections were reviewed, the related immunohistochemical results were statistically analyzed, the clinicopathological features were analyzed, and then followed the prognosis. Results (1) Clinical features:the median onset age of BSCC in cervix was 51 years old (ranged 35-69 years old), 5 of them were postmenopausal women. Vaginal bleeding was often seen in clinic (7 cases). Of the 10 cervical BSCC patients, 5 tested HPV types. All of them were HPV positive, including 2 cases of HPV 16 positive and 1 case of high-risk HPV positive. At the time of colposcopy, 3 cases showed exogenous nodular mass, 3 cases showed endogenous infiltrating mass, and 4 cases had unclear type of mass.(2)Treatment:of the 10 patients, 8 underwent hysterectomy+bilateral adnexal excision+pelvic lymphadenectomy, of which 6 underwent radiotherapy or chemotherapy after operation. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy were performed only in 2 cases. (3) Pathological features: histologically, the tumor cells were nests and stripe like growth, which were composed of basal like tumor cells. The cells had obvious heteromorphosis, less cytoplasm, deep dyed nuclei and common nuclear mitosis, and there were often palisade like structures around the cell nests, and some cells in the center of the cell nests were found to have acne like necrosis. It could be mixed with normal squamous cell carcinoma and squamous epithelial lesion. Among the 10 patients, 6 had immunohistochemical results. BSCC mainly expressed p16 and squamous cell markers such as p63, cytokeratin (CK) 5/6 and p40 protein, the positive expression rates were 3/3, 3/3, 2/2 and 3/3, respectively.A few expressed CK7 protein, and the positive expression rate was 1/3. (4) Prognosis:follow-up time ranged from 1 week to 64 months, and 2 cases were lost to follow-up. Among the 8 follow-up patients, 3 had iliac bone, lung or skin metastasis, and 5 had no recurrence or metastasis during the follow-up period. Conclusions BSCC of cervix is a rare malignant tumor of cervix associated with high-risk HPV infection, p16 is more positive. The treatment is similar to that of normal cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Surgical resection and radiotherapy and chemotherapy are the most effective methods according to the clinical stage . At present, the disease is considered to be highly aggressive and the poor prognosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 261-265, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709516

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the pathological and clinical characteristics,treatments and prognosis of schwannoma of the kidney.Methods Two cases of schwannoma of the kidney in our hospital were reviewed with clinicopathological data and their follow-up.The related literatures were reviewed.The first case was a male patient,28 years old,complained about paroxysmal abdominal pain with nausea over 2 weeks.The physical exam found a 10 cm,qualitative hard,poor activity,tenderness mass in kidney region.MRI preoperative diagnosis was right renal cell carcinoma with renal vein and inferior vena cava tumor thrombus formation.The second patient,female,53 years old,the mass on upper right kidney was found occasionally.It was diagnosed as adrenal pheochromocytoma before operation,laparoscopic resection of right renal hilum mass and right partial adrenectomy plus right nephrectomy were performed.There was no tumor recurrence in the follow-up.Results The abdominal aortography and double renal arteriography were done and right renal artery embolization and inferior vena cava filter were allocated.Then right radical nephrectomy and inferior vena cava tumor thrombus removal were carried out on the first patient.The first malignant and the second benign renal schwannoma patient showed significant difference in pathological presentations.Their immunohistochemistry also showed great diversity.Malignant renal schwannoma was significantly stained by Ki-67 > 40%,S-100 was negative.Ki-67 in benign neurilemmomas was about 2%,and S-100 in benign renal schwannoma was positive.Conclusions Schwannoma of the kidney is rare with a favorable prognosis.The golden standard of diagnosis is pathology.Surgical resection has become the first choice for treatment.Recurrence and malignant transformation would happen after the surgery so that all the patients should be followed up.

10.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 206-211, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704991

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect and mechanism of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Methods Rats were divided into a sham group, MCAO group, and MCAO+TAK group. Cerebral cortices were removed on day 1, 3, 7, and 14 post surgery. Morphological staining and Western blotting were used to detect pathological changes and TLR4 and P-IKKα/β expression in brain tissues. Results The pathological changes in the MCAO+TAK group were more severe than in the MCAO group on day 1 post surgery. However, the MCAO group exhibited more severe damage at the other time points. TLR4 expression was lowest in the cerebral cortices of the sham group. On day 1 and 14 post surgery, TLR4 expression was lower in the MCAO group than in the MCAO+TAK group, while on day 3 and 7 post surgery, TLR4 expression was higher in the MCAO group than in the MCAO+TAK group. P-IKKα/β expression was highest in the cerebral cortices of the MCAO group at all time points except for day 1. Conclusion TLR4 may alleviate cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in rats on day 1 post surgery; however, TLR4 may exacerbate ischemia repeifusion injury 3 to 14 days post surgery. The mechanism may be due to the effect of P-IKKα/β expression in the cerebral cortex.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 274-278, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809922

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate clinical, pathological and immunohistochemical features of pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma.@*Methods@#A retrospective review of surgical and pathological databases between 2011 and 2016 at PLA General Hospital was collected and 14 cases of acinar cell carcinoma (ACC) of the pancreas were identified. EnVision immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of Trypsin, bcl-10 and cytokeratin(CK) proteins.@*Results@#The patients included nine cases of pure ACC, 3 cases of mixed acinar ductal carcinoma, 1 case of mixed acinar-neuroendocrine carcinoma and acinar-ductal-neuroendocrine carcinoma, respectively. Tumors involved different anatomic locations of the pancreas, including eight involving the head of pancreas, four in the body and tail, one in the uncinate process and one in a heterotopic pancreas. Two patients had lymph node and liver metastases before surgery. Microscopically, the tumor was hypercellular with less fibroblastic proliferation and tumor cells arranged in acinar or solid pattern. The well differentiated tumor cells showed eosinophilic, granular cytoplasm with single prominent nucleoli, while the poorly differentiated tumor cells tended to grow in solid sheets. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for pan-cytokeratin (14/14), Trypsin (12/14) and bcl-10 (11/14). Stains for CK7 and CK19 were negative (11/14 and 3/4). According to the pTNM staging, there were 7 cases at stageⅠ, 3 at stage ⅡA, 3 at stage Ⅲ and 1 at stage Ⅳ. With average postoperative follow-up of 6-58 months, the median disease-free survival time was 16 months.@*Conclusions@#Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma is a rare and relatively indolent malignant tumor with characteristic histopathological and immunohistochemical features. Accurate pathological diagnosis plays an important role in patients′ treatment and evaluation of prognosis.

12.
Journal of Shenyang Medical College ; (6): 325-327,331, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the expression of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) in oral leukoplakia for clarifying the role of oxidative DNA damage in the development of oral leukoplakia. Methods:Immunofluorescence labeling method was used to examine the expression of 8-oxodG,a marker of oxidative DNA damage,and the expression of tumor suppressor gene, P53 protein in oral epithelium of normal oral mucosa and biopsy specimens of leukoplakia. Results:In specimens of oral leukoplakia, HE staining showed infiltration of inflammatory cells, hyperkeratosis and epithelial dysplasia. Immunofluorescence labeling study demonstrated that the accumulation of 8-oxodG apparently increased in the oral epithelium of patients with leukoplakia,whereas little or no immunoreactivity was observed in normal oral mucosa. Expression of P53 protein was also observed in oral epithelium of patients with oral leukoplakia. The immunoreactivity of 8-oxodG and P53 was stronger in patients with oral leukoplakia than that in normal oral mucosa (P<0.01) . Moreover,the immunoreactivity increased with the development of disease (r=0.773, P<0.01) . Conclusions:The oxidative DNA damage contributes to the development of oral leukoplakia. 8-oxodG may be a risk predictive marker for oral leukoplakia.

13.
Journal of Shenyang Medical College ; (6): 305-308, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731800

ABSTRACT

Cerebrovascular disease is one of the main diseases that threaten human health and life,and the age of onset become younger and younger. Research shows that Toll-like receptors (TLRs) express in brain, have effects on neurons, play an important role in the occurrence and development of cerebral ischemia and secondary cerebral injury.It is clear that TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR7 and TLR9 have influence on occurrence and development of cerebral ischemia. This is crucial for understanding the relationship between immune inflammation and nerve regeneration, and improving clinical treatment.

14.
Journal of Shenyang Medical College ; (6): 149-150,153, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731752

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the therapeutic effect of hyaluronic acid chitosan?based microemulsion ( HAC?ME) and carboplatin in a Wistar rat model bearing cerebral C6 glioma xenografts. Methods:C6 rat glioma cells were cultured normally. A total of 30 Wistar rats bearing orthotopic C6 glioma xenografts were randomly divided into 3 groups, and administrated with physiological saline, carbopl?atin or HAC?ME and carboplatin in each group. There are 10 rats in each group. The rat apoptosis changes and survival time were ob?served after treated with physiological saline, carboplatin or HAC?ME and carboplatin in each group. Results:Glioma cells were nega?tive in saline group with TUNEL staining, the nuclei of individual glioma cells in glioma tissue were stained with brown, indicating ap?optosis occur in carboplatin group, the apoptosis of glioma cells in glioma tissue significantly increased in HAC?ME and carboplatin group with TUNEL staining. The survival time in HAC?ME and carboplatin group was longer than that in saline group and carboplatin group ( P<0?05) . Conclusion:Administration of HAC?ME and carboplatin can suppress the growth of C6 glioma in rats and may pro?vide experimental basis for clinical treatment of glioma.

15.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 678-680, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431857

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C),vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR-3) in the bladder cancer tissue of the expression and the relationship with the tumor lymph node metastases of bladder cancer tissue,Methods The VEGF-C,VEGFR-3 expression was detected by Elivision TM plus two footwork.Results In 18 cases of bladder cancer organization,VEGF-C expression positive rate was 72%,VEGFR-3 express positive rate was 67%.VEGF-C in the bladder cancer of the transfer of the expression level compared to the lymph nodes of the transfer of the lymph node has not occurred to high.Conclusion In the bladder cancer organization and the surroundinglymph nodes,VEGF-C,VEGFR-3 expression level and lymph node metastasis is closely related.VEGF-C,VEGFR-3 expression intensity can be used as a lymph node metastasis in bladder cancer index.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 412-413, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392562

ABSTRACT

A total of 156 elderly patients (aged ≥ 70 years) with symptomatic bladder outlet obstruction as a result of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) underwent trmsurethral photoselective vaporization (PVP). Pre- or post-operative urine flow rate, residual urine volume level, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and quality of life (QOL) score were recorded. Our data showed that maximum urine flow rate and residual urine volume were improved at 1, 12, 24, and 36 months following the treatment. There was statistically significant difference in IPSS and QOL when the intervention was considered (P < 0. 05). PVP might be a treatment of choice for high-risk elderly patients with obstructive BPH.

17.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562100

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of leptin and its receptors in liver tissue of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis(NASH)patient and its significance in pathogenesis.Methods Samples of 59 liver biopsies of NASH patients were divided into three groups G,S and F according to their degree of inflammation and steatosis and stage of fibrosis.The expression of leptin and its receptors including Ob-R,the short form of Ob-R(Ob-Ra)and the long form of Ob-R(Ob-Rb)were semi-quantitatively determined at the protein and/or mRNA expression levels by using immunohistochemistry,in situ hybridization and image analysis.Results The expressions of leptin in NASH liver tissues were found in KC,HSC and MNC,which were mainly situated in zone 3 near steatotic hepatocytes and perisinusoidal or portal fibrosis areas.Leptin mRNA(Ob)positive cells were distributed in hepatocytes in zone 3.The expression of leptin at protein and mRNA levels in the NASH liver tissues was significantly increased in NASH compared with normal liver tissues(P

18.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-559646

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions of pivotal cytokines such as TNF-? and TGF-?_1, and leptin in human nonalcoholic lipoid hepatitis (NALH), and to explore their potential roles in the pathogenesis of NALH. Methods Liver tissue obtained from 59 patients pathologically diagnosed as nonalcoholic lipoid hepatitis and 10 healthy adult liver tissues were examined in the present study. The respective expression of TNF-?, TGF-?_1 and Leptin was qualitatively and semi-quantitatively determined at the protein expression levels by using immunohistochemical method and image analysis. Results In NALH liver tissue the expression of TNF-? appeared mainly in inflammatory cells and lining cells of liver sinusoids in zone 3, lipogranulomas and portal tract, where obvious inflammation was found. The expression was parallel to different degrees of inflammation in NALH, significant correlation was found between degree of inflammation and fibrosis and extent of expression (P

19.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)1983.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-560904

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the pathological features of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD)in China based on a histological scoring system for NAFLD designed by the Pathology Committee of NASH Clinical Research Network(NASH-CRN).Methods The specimens of liver needle biopsy from 130 patients with NAFLD were examined with light microscopy after haematoxylin eosin,reticular fiber,and Masson trichrome staining.Immunohistochemistry staining of the sections,combined with clinical data,was used to exclude non-NAFLD cases.Results Hepatic steatosis,lobular inflammation,hepatocyte ballooning and fibrosis existed extensively in 130 cases NAFLD liver tissues.Furthermore,macrovesicular steatosis predominantly located in acinar zone 3 was the main pathological feature of NAFLD,and lobular inflammation was usually mild.Hepatocyte ballooning was observed in 94.6 percent of 130 cases.Mild perisinusoidal fibrosis and periportal fibrosis were often observed in stage 1.According to the statistic analysis,hepatic steatosis was positively correlated with lobular inflammation,hepatocyte ballooning and fibrosis(r=0.587,0.488,0.374,respectively;all P value

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