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1.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E224-E230, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904390

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the model of goat intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) induced by controllable axial compressive stress and evaluate its imaging and pathological characteristics. Methods Twenty goats were randomly divided into 4 groups (control group, 4-week pressure group, 8-week pressure group, 12-week pressure group, n=5, 40 N pressure). Disc height index (DHI) was used to evaluate the change of intervertebral disc height by X-ray, Pfirrmann classification method was used to observe the degree of intervertebral disc degeneration by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and histopathological observation and evaluation for intervertebral disc were conducted by HE staining and immunohistochemistry. Results DHI in control group showed no significant changes with the extension of pressure time, while DHI in the experimental group gradually decreased. There was no significant change in Pfirrmann classification in control group. In experimental group, with the extension of time, the higher the degeneration aggravated with the Pfirrmann classification increasing. In experimental group, HE staining showed that the disc nucleus pulposus decreased in volume and nucleus pulposus cells, which were gradually replaced by fibrous tissues. Immunohistochemical staining showed that type I collagen in the nucleus pulposus gradually increased, type Ⅱ collagen gradually decreased, and intervertebral disc degeneration occurred. Conclusions A certain axial compressive stress can lead to degeneration of goat lumbar intervertebral disc, and the degree of degeneration is gradually increased with the extension of time.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 295-300, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921182

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cardiovascular (CV) disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to determine the CV risk in Chinese patients with T2D based on the 2019 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) guidelines on diabetes, pre-diabetes, and CV diseases.@*METHODS@#A total of 25,411 patients with T2D, who participated in the study of China Cardiometabolic Registries 3B study, were included in our analysis. We assessed the proportions of patients in each CV risk category according to 2019 ESC/EASD guidelines.@*RESULTS@#Based on the 2019 ESC/EASD guidelines, 16,663 (65.6%), 1895 (7.5%), and 152 (0.6%) of patients were included in "very high risk," "high risk," and "moderate risk" categories, respectively. The proportions of patients in each category varied based on age, sex, body mass index, and duration. While 58.7% (9786/16,663) of elderly patients were classified to "very high risk" group, 89.6% (3732/4165) of patients with obesity were divided into "very high risk" group. Almost all patients with a duration of diabetes >10 years had "very high risk" or "high risk." However, 6701 (26.4%) of Chinese T2D patients, who had shorter duration, and one or two risk factors, could not be included in any category (the "unclear risk" category).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In China, most patients with T2D have "very high" or "high" CV risk based on 2019 ESC/EASD guidelines. However, the risk of patients in "unclear risk" group needs to be further classified.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Humans , Risk Factors
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885167

ABSTRACT

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a type of chronic kidney disease (CKD) caused by diabetes. The clinical diagnosis of DKD is usually based on the presence of increased albuminuria and/or decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and exclusion of other causes of CKD. The clinical features of DKD are proteinuria, gradual decline in renal function, and severe renal failure in the later stages, which is one of the main causes of death in patients with diabetes. Any single biomarker might be insufficient to evaluate renal injury; thus, multiple methods and markers are needed. In addition, diabetic patients should be paid more attention to the kidney, and kidney damage should be evaluated with standardized assessment aimed at strengthening the early prediction and diagnosis of DKD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799330

ABSTRACT

From July to August 2018, a survey on the awareness of diabetic foot screening was conducted using the online questionnaires posted on the WeChat group. From 107 trainees in General Practitioner Teacher Training Program of Beijing Xicheng District and 50 general practitioners working in Chinese Academy of Sciences, 145 valid questionnaires were received. All 145 participants worked in community health care settings, including 105 general practitioners, 76 had 10 to 20 years of service, and 98 had undergraduate degree. The survey showed that 75.9% (110/145) heard the diabetic foot screening and knew that screening should be done for all diabetic patients; 98.6% (142/145) knew that the screening should include medical history, foot skin, neuropathy, vascular status, and 73.1% (106/145) also knew that screening should include the foot bone, joint deformities and footwear selection; 21.4% (31/145) had participated in training related to diabetic foot screening. It is suggested that the awareness and knowledge of diabetic foot screening among Beijing community medical personnelare not sufficient, and more training opportunity is necessary for them.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870637

ABSTRACT

From July to August 2018, a survey on the awareness of diabetic foot screening was conducted using the online questionnaires posted on the WeChat group. From 107 trainees in General Practitioner Teacher Training Program of Beijing Xicheng District and 50 general practitioners working in Chinese Academy of Sciences, 145 valid questionnaires were received. All 145 participants worked in community health care settings, including 105 general practitioners, 76 had 10 to 20 years of service, and 98 had undergraduate degree. The survey showed that 75.9% (110/145) heard the diabetic foot screening and knew that screening should be done for all diabetic patients; 98.6% (142/145) knew that the screening should include medical history, foot skin, neuropathy, vascular status, and 73.1% (106/145) also knew that screening should include the foot bone, joint deformities and footwear selection; 21.4% (31/145) had participated in training related to diabetic foot screening. It is suggested that the awareness and knowledge of diabetic foot screening among Beijing community medical personnelare not sufficient, and more training opportunity is necessary for them.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of Changsulin ? with Lantus ? in treating patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods:This was a phase Ⅲ, multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel-group, active-controlled clinical trial. A total of 578 participants with T2DM inadequately controlled on oral hypoglycemic agents were randomized 3∶1 to Changsulin ? or Lantus ? treatment for 24 weeks. The efficacy measures included changes in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2h postprandial plasma glucose (2hPG), 8-point self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) profiles from baseline, and proportions of subjects achieving targets of HbA1c and FPG. The safety outcomes included rates of hypoglycemia, adverse events (AEs) and anti-insulin glargine antibody. Results:After 24 weeks of treatment, mean HbAlc decreased 1.16% and 1.25%, FPG decreased 3.05 mmol/L and 2.90 mmol/L, 2hPG decreased 2.49 mmol/L and 2.38 mmol/L in Changsulin ? and in Lantus ?, respectively. No significant differences could be viewed in above parameters between the two groups (all P>0.05). There were also no significant differences between Changsulin ? and Lantus ? in 8-point SMBG profiles from baseline and proportions of subjects achieving the targets of HbA1c and FPG (all P>0.05). The rates of total hypoglycemia (38.00% and 39.01% for Changsulin ? and Lantus ?, respectively) and nocturnal hypoglycemia (17.25% and 16.31% for Changsulin ? and Lantus ?, respectively) were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Most of the hypoglycemia events were asymptomatic, and no severe hypoglycemia were found in both groups. No differences were observed in rates of AEs (61.77% vs.52.48%) and anti-insulin glargine antibody (after 24 weeks of treatment, 6.91% vs.3.65%) between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Changsulin ? shows similar efficacy and safety profiles compared with Lantus ? and Changsulin ? treatment was well tolerated in patients with T2DM.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805082

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#To investigate the total fluids intake, volume of urine and hydration status among college students from Hebei Province in spring.@*Methods@#In March 2017, the subjects were recruited in a college in Baoding, Hebei Province. 156 students completed the investigation. Total drinking fluids was assessed by 7-day 24-hour fluid intake questionnaire, with a quantitative tool. The water from food was assessed by the duplicate portion method. The urine samples of 24-hour was collected for 3 consecutive days, and the volume, osmolality, pH and specific gravity of urine were measured. Hydration status was grouped to three types according to the urine osmolality (mOsm/kg), namely, optimal hydration (urine osmolality ≤500), middle hydration (500< urine osmolality ≥800) and dehydration (urine osmolality >800), and the differences among subjects in different genders and hydration statuses were compared.@*Results@#The age of all subjects was (19.8±1.1) years old, including 80 male students. The median amounts of total fluids intake, total drinking fluids, water from food and urine volume were 2 324, 1 135, 1 174 and 1 279 ml/d, respectively. The volume of urine among males was 1 272 ml/d, which was not significantly different from that of females (1 304 ml/d) (P>0.05). The osmolality and specific gravity of urine among males were 688 mOsm/kg and 1.017, which were higher than those of females (493 mOsm/kg, 1.014) (P<0.05). But the pH of males was 6.6±0.3, which was lower than that of females (6.7±0.3) (P<0.05). Only 37.2% (n=58) of college students were in optimal hydration status. The median of the amount of total drinking fluids among subjects in optimal hydration status was 301, 448 ml/d higher than that in middle hydration status and dehydration, respectively (P<0.05). The proportion of females in optimal hydration status was 51.3% (n=39), which was higher than that of males 23.8% (n=19) (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Large proportion of college students in Hebei had lower total drinking fluids than the recommended intake of China, and the volume of urine was equal to the amount of total drinking fluids among the college students. Only 37.2% of college students were in optimal hydration status, and the proportion of female college students in optimal hydration status was larger than that of males.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805081

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the food source of water of college students from Hebei Province in spring.@*Methods@#In March 2017, the subjects were recruited in a college in Baoding, Hebei Province. 156 students completed the investigation. All foods were collected for 3 consecutive days using duplicate portion study combined with weighing method to test the water content of various foods. To analyze the water content of the food and calculate the proportion to the total amount of food water intake, the edible parts of each meal were divided into staple food, dishes, porridge, soup and snacks. Body mass index (BMI) was grouped according to quartiles, and the differences in food intake and food water sources among subjects of different genders and BMI were compared.@*Results@#The age of subjects was (19.8±1.1) years old, including 80 male students. The median intake of staple food, dishes, porridge, soup and snacks per day was 562 g, 743 g, 111 g, 102 g and 0 g, respectively. The median intake of water from staple food, dishes, porridge, soup and snacks per day was 301 ml/d, 620 ml/d, 97 ml/d, 93 ml/d and 0 ml/d, respectively. The median ratio of water intake to total food water intake of staple food, dishes, porridge, soup and snacks was 27%, 53%, 8%, 8% and 0%, respectively. The median intake of water from staple food and dishes in male students was significantly higher than that of female students (P<0.05). The amount of water intake from porridge of female students was significantly higher than that of male students (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the water intake from soup and snacks between different genders. There was no significant difference in food intake and food water sources among college students with different BMI (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The food source of water of college students from Hebei Province in spring is mainly based on dishes and staple foods. The food source of water for boys and girls is different.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805080

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#To investigate the total fluids intake among college students in spring from Hebei.@*Methods@#In March 2017, the subjects were recruited in a college in Baoding, Hebei Province. 156 students completed the investigation. Total drinking fluids was assessed by 7-day 24-hour fluid intake questionnaire, with a quantitative tool. The water from food was assessed by duplicate portion method. The sources of total fluids intake among subjects were analysed.@*Results@#The age of subjects was (19.8±1.1) years old, including 80 male students. The median amounts of total fluids intake, total drinking fluids and water from food were 2 324, 1 135 and 1 174 ml, respectively. The proportions of total drinking fluids and water from food in total fluids intake were 51%±9% and 49%±10%. Only 19.9% (n=31) and 18.6% (n=29) of college students had adequate total fluids intake and total drinking fluids, according to the recommendation of China. The median amounts of total fluids intake, total drinking fluids and water from food were 3 210, 1 860 and 1 093 ml/d, respectively. The proportion of total drinking fluids in total fluids intake was 61%±7%, which were all higher than those who did not reach the recommended intake (2 158, 1 000, 1 149 ml/d; drinking fluids accounting for 46%±8% of total fluids intake) (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The amounts of total fluids intake and total drinking fluids of college students in Hebei Province are lower than the recommended intake in China. The contributions of total drinking fluids and water from food to total fluids intake were nearly same.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755692

ABSTRACT

Objective The prevalence of obesity is constantly increasing. Multiple metabolic complications are related to obesity, including type 2 diabetes mellitus and non-alcholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD). Our study aimed to investigate the prevalence of obesity comorbidities and its association with BMI. Methods 765 individuals who visited the multidisciplinary clinic for obesity in Peking University First Hospital from 2015, Jun. to 2018, Sept. were enrolled in this study. The height, body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference were measured during the first visit. Body adipose percentage and basal metabolic rate were recorded. Questionnaires for daily food intake, comorbidity, and lifestyle were recorded. Fasting insulin, C peptide, glucose, HbA1C , uric acid, liver enzymes and lipid profile were measured. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 16. 0, and P<0. 05 was considered as statistical significant. Results Daily energy intake was higher in obesity group [ obese vs non-obese, (2136.6±739.4vs1905.7±468.4)kcal/d,P=0.046].Hypertension,NAFLDandgoutriskincreasedsignificantly in obesity group (obese vs non-obese, 36.0%vs 24.5%, P=0.02;76.5% vs 60.6%, P<0.01;6.9% vs 1.8%, P=0.04, respectively) . Family history of obesity and diabetes increased in obesity group ( obese vs non-obese, 64.5%vs 53.6%, P=0.03;47.4%vs 37.3%, P=0.048). Fasting insulin and C-peptide levels were higher in obesity group [obese vs non-obese, (24.8 ± 15.3 vs 13.6 ± 9.5)μIU/ml, P<0.01;(3.72 ± 1.40 vs 2.70 ± 1.16)μIU/ml, P<0.01). Liver enzymes increased significantly in obesity group [obese vs non-obese, (47.2±45.4 vs 23.3±21.4)U/L, P<0.01; ( 30. 4 ± 24. 0 vs 19. 9 ± 8. 5 ) U/L, P=0. 001 ] . Conclusions Obesity population had higher risk of hypertension, NAFLD and gout. Fasting insulin, C-peptide, liver enzymes, and UA also increased significantly in these patients. It is critically important to those obese individuals for regular screening of NAFLD and diabetes mellitus.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789167

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of ligustrazine on autophagy-related proteins Beclin 1,LC3 and P62 after spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury.Methods A total of 48 SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group,model group,ligustrazine group and 3-MA group.The rats were intraperitoneally injected with ligustrazine injection 0.16 mg/kg in the Ligustrazine group,the rats were intraperitoneally injected with 3-methyladenine injection 0.015 mg/kg in the inhibitor group,and the rats were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline of equal volume in the sham operation group and model group.Spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion model was established in all groups except sham-operated group after administration.After molding behavioral scores were scored after 3 and 6 hours of ischemia,and the expression of Beclin 1,LC3 and P62 was detected by immunohis-tochemistry.Results After 3 and 6 hours,compared with the model group,the behavioral score (3 h:2.33 ± 0.58 vs.0.67 ± 0.58,6 h:3.33 ± 0.58 vs.1.33 ± 0.58) of the rats in ligustrazine group significantly increased (P<0.05).Compared with the model group,the expression of Beclinl (3 h:348.00×104± 0.27×104 vs.659.00×104± 0.11×104;6 h:38.00×104± 0.19×104 vs.557.00×104± 0.26×104),LC3 (3 h:357.00×104± 0.48×104 vs.686.00×104± 0.33×104'6 h:334.00×104± 0.51×104 vs.673.00×104 ± 0.22×104),P62 (3 h:357.00×104 ± 0.48×104 vs.830.00×104 ± 0.48×104;6 h:315.00×104 ± 0.12× 104 vs.591.00× 104± 0.36× 104) in ligustrazine group were significantly decreased (P<0.05).Conclusions The ligustrazine may regulate autophagy in two directions and protect nerve cells.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707599

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous piercing cortical bone at fracture ends and local injection of autologous concentrated bone marrow aspirate (cBMA) and platelet rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of delayed fracture union.Methods A retrospective study was performed on the clinical data of 34 patients with delayed fracture union who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics,Luoyang Zhenggu Hospital of Henan Province from April 2014 to February 2017.They were 26 males 8 females,aged from 18 to 63 years (average,36.7 years).There were 15 femoral,11 tibial,5 humerus and 3 ulnar fractures.According to the Weber-Crech classification,14 cases belonged to the type of rich blood supply-active end hypertrophy and 20 to the type of poor blood supply and malnutrition.There were 28 closed and 6 open fractures.Of this cohort,21 cases had their primary fixation,7 had revision once,4 had revision twice,and 2 had revision more than thrice;19 cases had intramedullary fixation,12 had plate fixation and 3 had external fixation.Autologous iliac bone grafting was performed previously in 19 cases.Kirschner wire was used under fluoroscopy to pierce percutaneously the cortical bone at fracture ends;bone marrow blood and peripheral venous blood were collected to prepare autologous cBMA and PRP which were to be injected locally at the fracture ends after mixture.At the last follow-up,the patients were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS),SF-36 health survey summary scores and modified Radiographic Union Score for Tibia (RUST).Results The patients were followed up for 12 to 42 months (average,21.5 months).Thirty-one patients healed after surgery,yielding a healing rate of 91.2%.The healing time averaged 5.3 months (from 4 to 10 months).No patient reported such complications as infection or neurovascular injury.At the last follow-up,the VAS scores of the 34 patients were 1.3 ± 0.6 points,significantly lower than the preoperative 5.4 ± 3.6 points (P < 0.05);the postoperative SF-36 scores 74.8 ± 16.5 points,significantly increased than the preoperative 44.8 ± 15.6 scores (P < 0.05);the RUST scores 3.3 ± 0.4 points,significantly higher than the preoperative 1.6 ± 0.8 points (P < 0.05).Conclusions Minimally invasive percutaneous piercing of K-wire on the cortical bone at the fracture ends may result in fluid leakage and restart bone healing process.At the same time,local injection of autologous cBMA and PRP may increase the number and concentration of local bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and growth factors,promoting fracture healing.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611211

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor,linagliptin,in subjects aged 60 years or older with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods Data from eight 24-week,multinational,multicenter,randomized,double-blind,placebo-controlled,parallel-group studies were analyzed.Patients aged 60 years or older with T2DM were received oral linagliptin (5 mg/d) or placebo in combination with mefformin,or metformin plus sulfonylurea.Efficacy was assessed by the changes in glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) from baseline to 24 weeks of treatment.Safety endpoint included the frequency and intensity of adverse events.Results A total of 1 421 patients (placebo 429,linagliptin 992) were included in the full analysis set (FAS).Mean ages of the subjects were (67.4 ± 5.6) years in the linagliptin group and (66.7-± 5.6) years in the placebo group.Baseline HbA1c was (8.0 ±0.8) % in the linagliptin group and (8.1 ±0.9) % in the placebo group.At the end of 24-week,placebo-adjusted reduction in HbAlc in subjects with linagliptin was (0.7 ±0.1)% (95% CI 0.6-0.8,P <0.000 1),and placebo-adjusted reduction in FPG in subjects with linagliptin was (0.88 ±0.12) mmol/L(95% CI 0.65-1.11,P <0.000 1).Overall safety and tolerability in the two groups were similar.Adverse events occurred in 57.1% of patients in the placebo group and 61.1% of patients in the linagliptin group,and the incidence of adverse events leading to discontinuation was 3.2% in the placebo group and 3.8% in the linagliptin group.Serious adverse events occurred in 1.6% of patients in the placebo group and 2.8% of patients in the linagliptin group.Investigator-defined hypoglycaemia occurred in 7.3% of patients in the placebo group and 11.9% of patients in the linagliptin group.Among them,most were mild or moderate hypoglycaemia,and severe hypoglycaemia only occurred in 0.2% of patients in the placebo and 0.5% in the linagliptin groups.Overall incidence of hypoglycaemia in linagliptin group was slightly higher than that in placebo group,which might be due to the fact that more patients were taking sulfonylureas in linagliptin group than in placebo group (26.8% linagliptin;18.4% placebo).No difference could be viewed in hypoglycaemia between the two groups in patients without sulfonylureas (1.2% linagliptin,1.1% placebo)Moreover,no severe hypoglycaemia was reported in subjects without sulfonylureas.The incidences of other adverse events were similar in both groups.Conclusion Linagliptin was efficacious in lowering glucose with a safety profile similar to placebo in type 2 diabetic patients aged 60 years or older.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515447

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the effect of empowerment theory in wound care of patients with diabetic foot ulcer, to identify the problem, and to provide reference for the theory in clinical application. Methods Summarized the nursing interventions of 13 patients with diabetic foot of Strauss A classification using empowerment theory. Results All the wounds of 13 patients healed, the average total healing time were 70-273 (145.23 ± 68.87) days, and the median healing time were 111 days. The patients were followed up for 10-37 months without recurrence. Conclusions Using empowerment education in Strauss A classification diabetic foot patients Is feasible and worth promoting. However, to ensure patient safety, the process of application should be under close supervision.

15.
Chinese Journal of Diabetes ; (12): 938-941, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666907

ABSTRACT

Diabetic kidney disease(DKD) is one of the major complications of diabetes mellitus.The formation of advanced glycationend-products (Advanced Glycation End-products,AGEs) has been widely accepted to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy.It has been reported that the skin autofluorescence test of AGEs can better reflect the AGEs accumulation in vivo,thus providing stronger evidence in predicting diabetic nephropathy.As a noninvasive,convenient and steady measure,skin autofluorescence will be widely applied in the assessment and monitoring the progress of diabetic nephropathy in the future.Here,we reviewed the research progress in skin AGEs and diabetic nephropathy.

16.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2799-2802, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503231

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of PGC-1 on hepatic glucose metabolism of type 2 diabetes by observing its changes in the liver of OLETF rats. Methods OLETF rats were observed,even-aged LETO rats were controled. Oral glucose tolerance test, Fasting Insulin, triglyceride and total cholesterol were measured and then the protein level of PGC-1 , phosphoenolpyruvate earboxykinase and uncoupling protein 2 of liver tissue were detected by Western blot respectively in 8,18 and 28 weeks. Results (1)OLETF rats had significantly higher levels than LETO rats, in body weight, OGTT2h blood glucose and TG at 18th, 28th week. The levels of Fasting Insulin of OLETF rats were higher while insulin sensitive index were lower than that of LETO rats at 28th week. (2)Protein expressions in the livers: PGC-1 of OLETF rats was lower than that of LETO rats at 18th and 28th week. PEPCK of OLETF rats was more while UCP2 was lower than that of LETO rats at 28th week. Conclusions OLETF rats showed pathological phenotypes of type 2 diabetes. The changes of PGC-1 , PEPCK and UCP2 in 28-weeks OLETF rat suggested that PGC-1 plays an important role in the liver glycometabolism in type 2 diabetes.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498610

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effectiveness of a novel mobile health patient management system involving doctors, nurses, and patients ( TRIO mode) on glycemic control and self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) compliance among the type 2 diabetes mellitus ( T2DM) patients using basal insulin standardization treatment in China. Methods From April 2014 to April 2015, 416 hospitals in 110 cities of 30 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions across China were selected to participate in the program. A Online-to-Offline ( O2O) integrated mobile health patients management system with mobile terminals for the doctors, nurses, and patients was applied in the program for patient education, follow-up, and data collection. For all the newly recruited patients, the baseline information was collected and a first-day patient education program were provided by a designated nurse. In the 12-week follow-up period, data of basal insulin doses and fasting plasma glucose ( FPG) values were collected from the patients by text messages or tracking phone call by the nurse. The patients also received timely standardized patients health education and glycemic control guidance by participating in thepatient education forum anddoctors' hotline in order to help them achieve the glycemic control goals. Results A total of 102 524 patients using basal insulin treatment were eligible and enrolled in the program. 64 420 patients completed the 12 weeks follow-up and provided at least one FPG value at all five follow-ups. In total, 62. 6% (40 334 / 64 420) of the patients reached the FPG control target(FPG≤7. 0 mmol/ L) at the end of follow-up period. The weekly average FPG for patients with complete SMBG data decreased from 10. 58 mmol/ L to 6. 91 mmol/ L while the FPG control rates increased from 13. 4% to 69. 2% . The weekly average FPG for the patients provided incomplete SMBG data decreased from 10. 54 mmol/ L to 7. 13 mmol/ L while the FPG control rates increased from 13. 6% to 62. 2% . The FPG control rates for the patients provided complete SMBG were 1. 74 times higher than those patients provided incomplete SMBG. Based on a GEE model, the average decline of the FPG and the increase of the FPG control rates were significantly better for patients who provided complete SMBG as compared to the patients with incomplete SMBG data. The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that factors such as receiving the first-day education, participating in the follow-up patient education forum, and the doctors' hotline were significantly associated with the improvement of the SMBG compliance, the treatment adherence, and the FPG control rates. The SMBG compliance and the treatment adherence for patients who completed first-day education were 1. 68 times and 1. 22 times higher, respectively. For the patients who participated in follow-up education activities, their SMBG compliance and treatment adherence were 3. 17 times and 3. 36 times higher, respectively. Conclusion The innovativeTRIOmobile health patient management mode was feasible and effective for better managing the type 2 diabetes patients initiated on basal insulin treatment in China. Active participation in the first-day education program and the follow-up patient education activities can effectively improve the SMBG compliance and the treatment adherence, and therefore play an important role in helping patient achieving FPG control in a faster manner.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486837

ABSTRACT

Diabetes insipidus ( DI) could lead to urinary tract dilatation, even renal dysfunction. This study compared clinical features of DI with or without urinary tract dilatation. The results showed that the former had earlier onset age, more male patients, longer duration, and higher serum creatinine, as well as lower urine osmotic pressure and urine specific gravity after injection of vasopressin. But only disease duration was the independent risk factor (OR=1. 248). More nephrogenic DI and more hereditary DI were with urinary tract dilatation compared with central DI or acquired DI.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496195

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Objective To investigate the efficacy of biphasic insulin aspart 50(BIAsp50)twice daily(bid) versusbiphasichumaninsulin50(BHI50)(bid)plusmetforminonbloodglucosecontrolfollowingastandardmealtest in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). Methods A randomized, open-label, 2-sequence, crossover trial for two 4-week treatment periods was conducted in 14 Chines institutes. Eligible subjects inadequately controlled with BHI50(bid)plus metformin were randomized to two sequences in a 1 : 1 ratio(A:BIAsp50-BHI50, B:BHI50-BIAsp50 ) . Standard meal tests were performed at baseline and the ends of two periods within 4 weeks. Primary endpoint was 2h postprandial plasma glucose ( PPG) increment following standard meal test, with insulin dose standardized at 0. 3 IU/kg. Results A total of 161 subjects were randomized into two sequences(81 to sequence A, and 80 to sequence B) and finally analysed. After 4 weeks of treatment, mean 2h PPG increment with BIAsp50 was lower than that with BHI50 [ treatment difference of BIAsp50 vs BHI50: -1. 12 mmol/L ( 95% CI-1. 66,-0. 58), P<0. 01], suggesting superiority of BIAsp50 over BHI50. Incremental area under the curve for PPG(0-2 h)with BIAsp50 was lower than that with BHI50 [treatment difference:-38. 8 mmol·L-1·min-1(95%CI-77. 3,-0. 26), P=0. 049], as was the mean 2h PPG [treatment difference:-0. 58 mmol/L(95% CI -1. 13,-0. 03), P=0. 040]. The FPG value with BIAsp50 was higher than that with BHI50 [treatment difference:0. 52 mmol/L(95%CI 0. 18, 0. 86), P=0. 003]. The rate of nocturnal hypoglycemia with BIAsp50 was lower than that with BHI50(1. 13 vs 2. 86 events per subject year, P<0. 01). Conclusion In patients with T2DM inadequately controlled with BHI50 plus metformin, BIAsp50 was proven to be well-tolerated with improved postprandial glucose control compared with BHI50.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494815

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the results of anti‐Treponema pallidum antibody (anti‐TP) in the inpatients to provide the ba‐sis for the prevention and control of syphilis .Methods The results of anti‐TP test among 50 011 patients in our hospital from Jan . 2013 to Nov .2015 were retrospectively analyzed .Results Of 50 011 detected inpatients ,1 360 cases were anti‐TP positive with the total anti‐TP positive rate of 2 .72% ,in which the male positive rate was 3 .22% (719 cases)and the female positive rate was 2 .32%(641 cases) ,the difference was statistically significant (P< 0 .05) .The neonates ,populations aged ≥80 years old and 40 - < 60 years had higher anti‐TP positive rate ,which were 3 .67% ,3 .62% and 3 .24% respectively .The inpatients with anti‐TP positive were mainly concentrated in the surgical departments ,totally 916 cases(67 .35% ) ,in which the general surgery department had the highest anti‐TP positive detection rate(20 .51% ) ,while 444 cases(32 .65% ) of anti‐TP positive were in the non‐surgical depart‐ments .Among the inpatients with anti‐TP positive ,520 cases(38 .24% ) had the positive titer in the serum TRUST .Conclusion Syphilis infection situation is serious ,the routine anti‐TP detection in inpatients has an important significance for preventing nosoco‐mial infection and reducing the medical dispute .

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