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1.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 834-837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004753

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the current situation of direct exemption of clinical blood fess for voluntary blood donors and their family members in Henan Province, in order to improve and fully implement the policy. 【Methods】 According to the policy on blood fees exemption issued by China and Henan Province in 2019,the data of hospitals in 18 prefecture-level cities in Henan from 2020 to 2021 were continuously collected from the system of clinical blood fees exemption,including the way of exemption,the number of people (times) of exemption,exemption amount, the proportion of blood fees exemption and the total exemption rate. The experience gained in the past two years after the implementation of the policy was summarized,and the existing problems and causes were analyzed. 【Results】 The rates of direct exemption of blood fees in Henan Province in 2020 and 2021 were 34.53% (8 709/25 221) and 71.68%(23 587/32 906) (P<0.05) ,respectively. In 2021, the direct exemption rate of blood fees in 18 cities was 6.20% (83/1 370) to 88.50% (1 332/1 505) [ (47.35±41.15)%],and increased month by month from 43.19% (1 183/2 507) in January to 83.15% (2 097/2 522) in August, then remained stable at a similar level to August from September to December, with 83.43% (2 744/3 289) in December as the highest for the year. 【Conclusion】 The implementation of the policy of blood fees exemption showed significant effectiveness, which has effectively promoted the development of voluntary blood donation in Henan. However, there is still room for improving the policy in some cities, which is expected to further increase the direct exemption rate of the city and the whole province.

2.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 433-440, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972382

ABSTRACT

Background Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) has neurotoxicity, which can induce the loss of hippocampal neurons in humans and animals and lead to spatial learning and memory dysfunction, but its mechanism is still unclear. Objective To observe the ferroptosis of mouse hippocampal neuron HT22 cells induced by 7,8-dihydroxy-9,10-epoxybenzo[a]pyrene (BPDE), an active metabolite of BaP, and to explore its potential mechanism, so as to provide a basis for the study of BaP neurotoxicity mechanism. Method Mouse hippocampal neuron HT22 cells were selected and divided into four groups: solvent control group and low, medium, and high concentration BPDE exposure groups (0.25, 0.50, and 0.75 μmol·L−1). Cell survival was detected by CCK8 method. Cell morphology and ultrastructure were observed under light and electron microscopes. The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and Fe2+ were detected by fluorescence probe method. Iron, 4-hydroxynonenoic acid (4-HNE), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) levels were detected with commercial kits. The expression levels of acyl-CoA synthase long chain family member 4 (ACSL4), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11), and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) were detected by Western blotting. After interventions with ferroptosis inhibitors 20 μmol·L−1 deferoxamine (DFO) and 10 μmol·L−1 ethyl 3-amino-4-cyclohexylaminobenzoate (Fer-1), the cell survival rate of each BPDE exposure group and the changes of the ferroptosis characteristic indicators and protein expression levels were observed. Results With the increase of BPDE concentration, the survival rate of HT22 cells decreased gradually, and the survival rate of each BPDE group was significantly lower than that of the solvent control group (P<0.01). Under light microscope, the number of cells in the high concentration BPDE group was significantly reduced, and atrophic cells and reduced synapses were recorded. Under electron microscope, the HT22 cells in the high concentration BPDE group showed mitochondrial shrinkage, decreased crista, and increased mitochondrial membrane density. Compared with the solvent control group, the levels of intracellular lipid ROS, Fe2+, 4-HNE, and MDA significantly increased in the high concentration group (P<0.01), the GSH and GSH-PX levels were significantly decreased (P<0.01), the protein expression levels of ASCL4 and COX2 were significantly increased (P<0.01), and the protein expression levels of SCL7A11 and GPX4 were significantly decreased (P<0.01). The ferroptosis inhibitors DFO and Fer-1 significantly reversed the cell survival rate (P<0.01), the ferroptosis characteristic indicators (ROS, Fe2+, 4-HNE, MDA, GSH, and GSH-PX levels) (P<0.01), and the expression levels of ferroptosis-related proteins (ACSL4, COX2, SLC7A11, and GPX4) (P<0.01) in the high concentration BPDE group. Conclusion BPDE can induce ferroptosis in mouse hippocampal neuron HT22 cells, which may be related to the inhibition of SLC7A11/GSH/GPX4 axis and the induction of iron metabolism disorder.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 28-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997654

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the inhibitory effects and mechanism of the compound Phyllanthus urinaria Ⅱ (CPU Ⅱ)on the growth of transplanted hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B2.1-7 (Short for Hep3R) cells in nude mice. MethodAfter the establishment of a xenograft model of hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B cells in mice, the model mice were randomly divided into a model group, a high-dose CPU Ⅱ group (57.5 g·kg-1), a low-dose CPU Ⅱ group (28.75 g·kg-1), and a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) group (0.025 g·kg-1), with eight mice in each group. The mice in the high- and low-dose CPU Ⅱ groups were treated with drugs by gavage, once per day, and those in the model group were treated with the same volume of normal saline. The mice in the 5-FU group were treated by 5-FU by intraperitoneal injection, once every other day. After 28 days of administration, mice were sacrificed, and transplanted tumors were collected. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) of tumor tissues. Terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) was used to detect cell apoptosis of tumor tissues. The mRNA expression of miR-122 and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) in tumor tissues was detected by Real-time quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR). The protein expression of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α (C/EBPα), hepatocyte nuclear factor-4α (HNF-4α), and IGF-1R in tumor tissues was detected by Western blot. ResultThe tumor suppression rates of the high- and low-dose CPU Ⅱ groups and the 5-FU group were 74.90%, 63.62%, and 64.15%, respectively. Compared with the model group, the CPU Ⅱ groups and the 5-FU group showed reduced weight (P<0.01) and volume of tumors (P<0.01), decreased PCNA positive cells, shallow staining, increased apoptosis cells of transplanted tumor tissues (P<0.05, P<0.01), increased expression of mRNA expression of miR-122 (P<0.01), down-regulated mRNA expression of IGF-1R (P<0.01), and up-regulated protein expression of C/EBPα and HNF-4α in nude mouse transplanted tumor tissues (P<0.01). The expression of IGF-1R protein in the high-dose CPU Ⅱ group was down-regulated (P<0.05). Compared with the low-dose CPU Ⅱ group, the high-dose CPU Ⅱ group showed increased apoptotic cells (P<0.01), up-regulated mRNA expression of miR-122 (P<0.01), and increased expression of C/EBPα and HNF-4α proteins (P<0.01). ConclusionCPU Ⅱ has an obvious inhibitory effect on the growth of transplanted hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B cells in nude mice. The mechanism of action is related to enhancing the expression of transcription factors HNF-4α and C/EBPα, thereby promoting the expression of miR-122 and inhibiting the expression of its target gene IGF-1R.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1568-1573, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997233

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components among children aged 6-14 years in Beijing, so as to provide a reference for preventing MetS.@*Methods@#A cross sectional study was carried out in 2 086 records of 1 832 children from the 2017 and 2019 Nutrition and Health Surveillance in Primary and Secondary school students of Beijing (NHSPSB). Three day consecutive 24 hour dietary recalls combined with weighing household cooking oils and condiments were used to collect dietary intake and calculate DII. MetS was diagnosed according to "Definition and Suggestion on the Metabolic Syndrome of Chinese Children and Adolescent". The Generalized estimating equations (GEEs) models were used to analyze the association between DII and the presence of MetS and its components (abdominal obesity, high triglyceride, low high density lipoprotein cholesterol, hypertension, and hyperglycemia).@*Results@#The mean DII score was (1.64±1.07) for the included children. No significant association was found between DII scores and the likelihood of MetS (per 1 point increment: OR =1.16, 95% CI =0.92-1.48, P >0.05). In terms of the components of MetS, DII scores were positively associated with the odds of high triglyceride (per 1 point increment: OR =1.17, 95% CI =1.01-1.36, P <0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the association among different age groups ( P >0.05). No significant associations were observed between DII and other MetS components( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#DII scores may not be correlated with the risk of MetS, but proinflammatory diet might increase the risk of high triglyceride. DII score in childhood should be emphasized to identify and prevent MetS as soon as possible.

5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 96-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992473

ABSTRACT

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is one of the common rheumatic and immune diseases in children. It has a sudden onset, obvious systemic symptoms, and lung involvement. However, systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis with an early manifestation of pulmonary ground-glass opacities combined with macrophage activation syndrome is rare. The clinical data of a child with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis with pulmonary ground-glass shadow and macrophage activation syndrome who was admitted to Hubei Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively in order to improve the understanding of rheumatic diseases and pulmonary lesions. The child was admitted to the hospital for 10 days due to rash and fever. Thoracic CT showed scattered ground glass like shadows in both lungs due to the prevention and control screening of COVID-19 pneumonia epidemic situation. After admission, the child was still repeatedly flaccid with high fever, accompanied by dysfunction of both lower limbs. The knee joint MRI found that there was synovitis in the knee joint, and various laboratory indicators suggested macrophage activation syndrome. After that, systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis was diagnosed. After being treated with methylprednisolone, cyclosporine and topzumab, the clinical remission and the ground-glass shadow of the lung basically disappeared. Through the analysis of this case, it is suggested that clinicians should not ignore other diseases that cause ground glass shadow in the lung during the current epidemic of COVID-19.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 507-510, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for automatic determination of iodine level in salt by arsenic-cerium catalytic spectrophotometry using an iodine element detector (hereinafter referred to as this method), and to provide reference for in-depth study of salt iodine detection technology.Methods:This method was used to determine the iodine level in salt, and the linear range, detection limit, precision, and accuracy (determination of salt iodine standard substance GBW10006y and GBW10007y, and addition recovery experiment) of this method were determined. The iodine level of 35 salt samples was determined by this method and redox titration method recommended by the national standard, and the results were compared.Results:This method had a good linear relationship within the range of 50 - 600 μg/L standard curve, the absolute value of the correlation coefficients was > 0.999 0, and the detection limit was 5.0 mg/kg. The relative standard deviation of iodine concentration in salt samples with low, medium and high iodine concentrations were all < 6.0%. The determination results of salt iodine standard substance GBW10006y and GBW10007y were within the given value ranges; three iodine concentrations (6.0, 10.0 and 30.0 mg/kg) were added to the salt samples, with an average recovery rate of 96.7% to 105.0%, and a total average recovery rate of 100.9%. The method comparison experiment showed that there was no statistically significant difference between the salt iodine determination results of this method and the redox titration method ( t = - 1.54, P = 0.132). Conclusion:This method has the advantages of high accuracy, good precision and wide linear range in determining salt iodine, and is suitable for the detection of large quantities of samples in salt iodine monitoring.

7.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 32-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986775

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the causes of death and years of life lost among patients with severe mental disorders in Jining city, in order to provide references for improving the management level of the patients. MethodsA total of 3 638 patients with severe mental disorders who were recorded in the National Information System for Severe Mental Disorders in Jining and died between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2020 were included in the study. The general information and the status of mortality were extracted via checking management files. Thereafter, the causes of death of patients with different characteristics were discussed, and the years of life lost due to severe mental disorders was analyzed through calculating potential years of life lost (PYLL), average years of life lost (AYLL) and potential years of life lost rate (PYLLR). ResultsThe majority of patients who died from severe mental disorders were those with schizophrenia, accounting for 77.68% (2 826/3 638). The most common cause of death among patients with severe mental disorders was physical illness with 1 869 cases (51.37%). Among the selected subjects, patients with mental retardation and comorbid mental disorders had the youngest age of disease onset [(22.49±20.14) years], the youngest age at death [(51.72±18.32) years] and the longest duration of disease [(29.26±19.35) years]. The PYLL, AYLL and PYLLR of patients with severe mental disorders in Jining were 68 941.06 person-years, 18.95 years and 382.36‰, respectively. The mental retardation and comorbid mental disorders had the highest AYLL at 27.21 years, and epilepsy-induced mental disorder had the highest PYLLR at 892.73‰. ConclusionComorbid physical illness is the main causes of death in patients with severe mental disorders in Jining city, and epilepsy-induced mental disorder have occupied the first place in terms of the years of life lost.

8.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 671-675, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955126

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of neonate with arrhythmia and the potential risk factors for cardiac insufficiency.Methods:Research data were collected from the cases of neonate with arrhythmia from January 2017 to June 2021 at the Neonatology Department at Children′s Hospital Capital Institute of Pediatrics.A retrospective analysis was conducted to summarize the clinical features and analyze the risk factors of arrhythmia leading to cardiac insufficiency.Results:A total of 90 cases were enrolled, with a male to female ratio of 1.43∶1(53∶37), and the median gestational age was 39(37, 40)weeks; with 16(17.8%) premature infants, 74 full-term infants(82.2%), and the median onset age was 3(0, 11)days.In this group, 63.3% cases(57/90)were irregular rhythmic arrhythmias, of which 66.7%(38/57)were atrial premature contractions, 23.3%(21/90) were tachyarrhythmias, and 13.3%(12/90)were bradyarrhythmias.Additionally, 80.0%(72/90)of the cases had no typical clinical manifestations.Besides, 37.7%(34/90)of the patients had single infection factor, and 4.4%(4/90)of the patients had infection with perinatal hypoxia asphyxia.The ratio of the premature birth, maternal autoimmune diseases and the tachyarrhythmia were higher in heart failure group than those in normal heart function group(71.4% vs.13.3%, P<0.001; 28.6% vs.3.6%, P=0.006; 100% vs.16.9%, P<0.001). The random forest model showed that the factors of premature delivery and maternal autoimmune disease had the greatest influence on cardiac function, and the analysis of 21 tachyarrhythmias showed that the duration of arrhythmia had the greatest influence on cardiac function. Conclusion:Atrial premature contraction is the most common in neonate with arrhythmia, and with non-typical clinical manifestations.The infection and the infection combined with perinatal asphyxia are the main influencing factors of neonate with arrhythmia.Premature delivery, maternal autoimmune disease and the duration of tachyarrhythmias are the main risk factors of neonatal arrhythmias leading to cardiac dysfunction.

9.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 671-675, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of neonate with arrhythmia and the potential risk factors for cardiac insufficiency.Methods:Research data were collected from the cases of neonate with arrhythmia from January 2017 to June 2021 at the Neonatology Department at Children′s Hospital Capital Institute of Pediatrics.A retrospective analysis was conducted to summarize the clinical features and analyze the risk factors of arrhythmia leading to cardiac insufficiency.Results:A total of 90 cases were enrolled, with a male to female ratio of 1.43∶1(53∶37), and the median gestational age was 39(37, 40)weeks; with 16(17.8%) premature infants, 74 full-term infants(82.2%), and the median onset age was 3(0, 11)days.In this group, 63.3% cases(57/90)were irregular rhythmic arrhythmias, of which 66.7%(38/57)were atrial premature contractions, 23.3%(21/90) were tachyarrhythmias, and 13.3%(12/90)were bradyarrhythmias.Additionally, 80.0%(72/90)of the cases had no typical clinical manifestations.Besides, 37.7%(34/90)of the patients had single infection factor, and 4.4%(4/90)of the patients had infection with perinatal hypoxia asphyxia.The ratio of the premature birth, maternal autoimmune diseases and the tachyarrhythmia were higher in heart failure group than those in normal heart function group(71.4% vs.13.3%, P<0.001; 28.6% vs.3.6%, P=0.006; 100% vs.16.9%, P<0.001). The random forest model showed that the factors of premature delivery and maternal autoimmune disease had the greatest influence on cardiac function, and the analysis of 21 tachyarrhythmias showed that the duration of arrhythmia had the greatest influence on cardiac function. Conclusion:Atrial premature contraction is the most common in neonate with arrhythmia, and with non-typical clinical manifestations.The infection and the infection combined with perinatal asphyxia are the main influencing factors of neonate with arrhythmia.Premature delivery, maternal autoimmune disease and the duration of tachyarrhythmias are the main risk factors of neonatal arrhythmias leading to cardiac dysfunction.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 654-658,C1, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) CALCOCO1 in bladder cancer tissue and its effect on the proliferation and migration of bladder cancer cells by regulating miR-200a-3p.Methods:The relative expression levels of CALCOCO1 in bladder cancer tissues and adjacent tissues were analyzed by TCGA database. Human bladder cancer cells UM-UC-3 were selected, and the cells were divided into negative control group and CALCOCO1 group, and NC plasmid and CALCOCO1 plasmid were transfected into UM-UC-3 cells respectively. The expression level of CALCOCO1 in each group was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The proliferation and migration ability of UM-UC-3 cells were detected by MTT assay and Transwell migration assay. Bioinformatics technology was used to predict and dual-luciferase reporter gene experiments to verify the targeting relationship between CALCOCO1 and miR-200a-3p. The expression levels of miR-200a-3p in UM-UC-3 cells in each group were detected by qRT-PCR. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of UM-UC-3 cells proliferation and migration phenotype in each group. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), t-test was used for comparison between two groups, and repeated measurement analysis of variance was used for comparison at different time. Results:Compared with adjacent tissues, the relative expression level of CALCOCO1 in bladder cancer tissues was significantly lower, the difference was statistically significant( P<0.01). The relative expression of CALCOCO1 in UM-UC-3 cells in CALCOCO1 group and negative control group was 9.66±2.51 and 1.07±0.59, respectively. The relative expression level of CALCOCO1 in CALCOCO1 group was significantly higher than that in negative control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). Compared with the negative control group, the proliferation activity of UM-UC-3 cells in the CALCOCO1 group was decreased ( P<0.05), and the migration number of UM-UC-3 cells was significantly decreased ( P<0.01). CALCOCO1 had a binding site with miR-200a-3p ( P<0.01). The relative expression of miR-200a-3p in UM-UC-3 cells in CALCOCO1 group and negative control group was 1.02 ± 0.31 and 5.79 ± 1.68, respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). Compared with the negative control group, the expression levels of proliferation phenotype proteins CCNB1, CCNE1 and CCND2 in UM-UC-3 cells in CALCOCO1 group decreased, and the expression levels of migration phenotype proteins FOXC2 and Fibronectin decreased. Conclusion:The expression of CALCOCO1 is down-regulated in bladder cancer tissue, promoting the expression of CALCOCO1 can inhibit the proliferation and migration of bladder cancer UM-UC-3 cells through targeted down-regulation of miR-200a-3p expression.

11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 205-209, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930402

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of genetic and metabolic infantile cholestatic hepatopathy (ICH), and to provide evidence for its diagnosis and treatment.Methods:Clinical data and follow-up outcomes of hospitalized children diagnosed with ICH in the Department of Gastroenterology, Children′s Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2014 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Among the 80 children, 27 were female and 53 were male, with a mean age of onset of (39±18) days old.Children with confirmed etiology by high-throughput sequencing analysis were included in the genetic metabolic group (44 cases), and those with idiopathic neonatal cholestasis(INC) of unknown etiology after the systematic examination were included in the INC group (36 cases). The t-test or independent sample rank sum test was used to compare the laboratory test results and biochemical indexes.The infection rate of cytomegalovirus was compared by the Chi- square test. Results:(1) A total of 80 cases were included, and 44 cases (55.0%)were confirmed as INC by high-throughput sequencing.Among those with a positive molecular diagnosis, there were 23 cases of citrin deficiency (CD), 10 cases of Alagille syndrome (ALGS), 6 cases of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC), 2 cases of congenital bile acid synthesis defect, 2 cases of Nieman Pick disease, and 1 case of cystic fibrosis.(2) Serum total bile acid (TBA) and activated partial prothrombin time (APTT) levels in the genetic metabolic group were significantly higher than those in the INC group (all P<0.05). TBA and APTT levels in genetic metabolites were 180.6 (115.5, 271.6) μmol/L and 40.6 (37.1, 45.2) s, respectively, which were 123.3 (98.8, 163.4) μmol/L and 34.8 (31.7, 40.1) s in INC group, respectively.There was no significant difference in the cytomegalovirus infection rate between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). (3)The pathological examination of liver tissue in the genetic metabolic group was worse than that in the INC group, with spot-like and fusion focal-like necrosis, and 5 cases (4 cases of ALGS and 1 case of CD) showed a reduced number of bile ducts in the portal area and lumen stenosis. Conclusions:CD, ALGS and PFIC are the common causes of genetic and metabolic ICH.Fundamental cause of cholestasis should be actively examined in children with cytomegalovirus infection.High-throughput sequencing is of great significance in the accurate diagnosis of ICH.

12.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 600-605, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927246

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate sodium and potassium intakes among individuals undergoing physical examinations in Changsha City, so as provide the evidence for developing nutritional interventions. @*Methods@#The individuals undergoing physical examinations in the Center for Health Management, The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from February 2017 to March 2020 were selected, and their gender, age, history of diseases, history of medications, smoking and drinking behaviors were collected through questionnaire surveys. The blood pressure, height and body weight were measured, and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The levels of blood glucose, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and serum creatinine were detected, and the 24-h urinary excretions of sodium and potassium were measured using the Kawasaki method to estimate sodium and potassium intakes. According to the recommended intakes for preventing chronic diseases (PI values) in the Chinese Dietary Reference Intakes (2013 revised version), the gender-, age- and BMI-specific intakes of sodium and potassium were analyzed.@*Results@#Totally 50 543 subjects were enrolled, with a mean age of (45.64±11.89) years. There were 28 555 men (56.50%) and 21 988 women (43.50%), and there were 19 405 overweight individuals (38.39%), 6 276 obese individuals (12.42%), 13 410 smokers (26.53%), 14 740 drinkers (29.16%), 9 217 individuals with hypertension (18.24%), 3 589 individuals with diabetes (7.10%), 18 232 individuals with dyslipidemia (36.07%). The mean sodium intake was (4 143.29±1 216.46) mg/d among the study subjects, and there were 49 277 participants with sodium intakes that exceeded the PI value (97.50%). Higher sodium intakes were found in men [ (4 345.52±1 231.45) mg/d ], individuals at ages of 36 to 45 years [ (4 185.41±1 202.95) mg/d ], obese individuals [ (4 578.94±1 282.66) mg/d ], smokers [ (4 191.71±1 219.91) mg/d ], drinkers [ (4 325.12±1 245.65) mg/d ], individuals with hypertension [ (4 358.89±1 265.70) mg/d ] and individuals with dyslipidemia [ (4 261.60±1 228.86) mg/d ]. The mean potassium intake was (1 986.26±526.42) mg/d among the study subjects, and there were 50 440 participants with potassium intakes that exceeded the PI value (99.80%). Higher potassium intakes were seen in men [ (2 061.94±556.91) mg/d ], individuals at ages of 35 years and below [ (2 027.24±533.37) mg/d ], obese individuals [ (2 133.27±580.25) mg/d ], smokers [ (2 023.08±557.72) mg/d ], drinkers [ (2 048.43±557.53) mg/d ], individuals without hypertension [ (1 994.65±552.63) mg/d ] and individuals with dyslipidemia [ (2 038.22±546.52) mg/d ].@*Conclusions@#Higher sodium intakes and lower potassium intakes than the PI values are found among individuals undergoing health examinations in Changsha City. Health education is recommended to be reinforced to improve sodium and potassium intakes.

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 425-429, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933563

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of 1 064-nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at different energy settings on cell viability, protease activity and structures of Malassezia furfur. Methods:Cultured standard strains of Malassezia furfur were divided into several groups to be irradiated with 1 064-nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at different energies of 0 (control group) , 500, 600, 700, 800 and 900 mJ, respectively. Then, fungal suspensions in the above groups were inoculated onto the Leeming & Notman medium separately. After 7-day culture, the diameter and number of colonies were measured to evaluate the fungal cell viability, the protease activity was measured by using the whole-milk plate medium, and the ultrastructure of Malassezia furfur in each group was observed by transmission electron microscopy. One-way analysis of variance was used for comparisons among multiple groups, least significant difference- t test for multiple comparisons, and Pearson correlation analysis for analyzing correlations of laser energy with colony diameter, number and protease activity. Results:The colony diameter and number both significantly differed among the control group, 500-, 600-, 700-, 800- and 900-mJ groups (colony diameter: 4.05 ± 0.69, 3.76 ± 0.51, 3.28 ± 0.41, 3.09 ± 0.72, 2.54 ± 0.64 and 2.43 ± 0.41 mm, respectively; colony number: 4 787 ± 597, 4 287 ± 761, 1 879 ± 275, 1 082 ± 248 and 209 ± 42, 72 ± 31 colony-forming units, respectively; F = 14.83, 231.85, respectively, both P < 0.05) , and were significantly decreased in the 600-, 700-, 800- and 900-mJ groups compared with the control group (all P < 0.05) . The laser energy was negatively correlated with the colony diameter and number ( r = -0.67, -0.91, respectively, both P < 0.05) . The protease activity significantly differed among the control group, 500-, 700- and 900-mJ groups ( F = 346.60, P < 0.05) , and was significantly lower in the 700- and 900-mJ groups than in the control group (both P < 0.05) . There was a negative correlation between the laser energy and protease activity ( r = -0.94, P < 0.05) . Transmission electron microscopy showed intact fungal structures in the control group, relatively intact fungal structures in the 500-mJ group, and obviously damaged fungal structures in the 600- to 900-mJ groups, and the greater the laser energy, the more severely the fungal structures were damaged. Conclusion:The 1 064-nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser could affect the cell viability of and protease activity in Malassezia furfur, and damage its structures.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 29-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940826

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of Fuzitang (FZT) on the proliferation of MH7A cells, the human rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts, and the expression of miR-155 and explore its anti-rheumatoid arthritis mechanism. MethodMH7A cells were cultured in vitro and divided into a blank group, high- (25 g·L-1) and low-dose (12.5 g·L-1) FZT groups, and a positive drug group (hydroxychloroquine, 0.006 25 g·L-1). The cell proliferation was detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) method, and the change in the MH7A cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression of miR-155 and its downstream genes, including SH2 domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase-1(SHIP-1), protein kinase B 3(Akt3), and mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR), was detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR), and the protein expression of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt3, and mTOR was detected by Western blot. ResultFZT in vitro in a concentration of 6.25 g·L-1 above could inhibit the proliferation of MH7A cells in the significant dose- and time-effect manner. Compared with the blank group, the FZT groups showed increased proportions of cells in the G2/M phase (P<0.05), and the high-dose FZT group showed a decreased proportion of cells in the G0/G1 phase (P<0.05). The arresting effect of FZT on the cell cycle was in a significant dose-effect manner. Compared with the blank group, the FZT groups showed down-regulated miR-155 and mTOR mRNA expression (P<0.05), and the high-dose FZT group showed up-regulated SHIP1 mRNA expression and down-regulated Akt3 mRNA expression (P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, the FZT groups showed reduced protein expression of PI3K, Akt3, and mTOR (P<0.05). ConclusionFZT can significantly inhibit the proliferation of MH7A cells, and the mechanism is related to the promotion of the expression of SHIP-1 and down-regulation of the gene expression of the PI3K/Akt3/mTOR signaling pathway by down-regulating the expression of miR-155.

15.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 433-437, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006722

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the clinical features and the imaging diagnosis value of tuberous sclerosis. 【Methods】 We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and imaging findings of 22 patients with tuberous sclerosis clinically diagnosed in our hospital. 【Results】 There were 12 male and 10 female patients, with the mean age of 7.3 years. Among them, 2 patients had a family history; 3 had unclear symptoms and the rest 19 ones except 1 had facial skin rashes for two years, which led to seek for medical help, and the other 18 had epilepsy attack, including 4 with mental retardation. All the 22 patients had characteristic subependymal nodules, including 21 patients with multiple abnormal changes in the bilateral cerebral hemispheres. There were 12 cases with abnormal skin appearance, 2 cases accompanied by facial cortical adenoma, 1 case with right subependymal giant cell astrocytoma, 1 case with bilateral ependymoma, 1 case with Dandy-Wallker malformation, 1 case with right renal duplication, 2 cases with renal hamartoma, 1 case with multiple renal nodules, 1 case with congenital patent ductus arteriosus, 2 cases with cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma, 1 case with multiple hepatic hamartoma, and 2 cases with multiple sclerotin sclerosis changes. 【Conclusion】 The clinical manifestations of tuberous sclerosis are complex and variable, and there are certain imaging characteristics associated with multi-organ involvement. Familiarity with the characteristics and imaging manifestations of lesions in various systems can make the clinical diagnosis more concise and accurate.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 605-608, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of synthetic MRI methods in the differentiation of benign and malignant breast lesions.Methods:Clinical and imaging data of 93 breast patients confirmed by pathology in the Second Affifiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from May 2019 to April 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent synthetic MRI technique, and the quantitative parameters of T 1, T 2, and proton density (PD) values were measured. Independent samples t-test and Wilcoxon test were used to compare the differences in clinical and imaging characteristics between the benign and malignant breast lesions. ROC curve was used for the comparison of the diagnostic efficacy of the quantitative parameters in differentiating malignant from benign breast lesions. Results:Of the 93 patients with breast lesions, 62 cases were malignant and 31 cases were benign. The quantitative T 2 values for benign and malignant lesions were 103 (93, 126)ms and 83 (77, 90)ms respectively, and the quantitative PD values were 87.7 (72.7, 96.7)pu and 73.5(63.3, 79.4)pu respectively. There were statistically significant differences between benign and malignant lesion( P<0.05). Taking quantitative T 2 values of 90.5 ms and PD values of 84.8 pu as the cut-off value, the area under the ROC curve in differentiating benign from malignant breast lesions were 0.87 and 0.75, accuracy values were 80.6% and 78.5%, specificity values were 87.1% and 54.8%, sensitivity values were 77.4% and 90.3% respectively. Conclusion:Synthetic MRI methods can be applied in the examination of breast lesions and has the potential to be an effective diagnostic method for the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant lesions of breast.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 66-69, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815546

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the phenomenon of alcohol drinking among school-aged children in Beijing, and to provide a reference for making measures for possible preventive interventions.@*Methods@#Data were from the Beijing Students’ Nutrition and Health Surveillance among 3 776 school-aged children in Beijing in 2015. Prevalence, frequency and pattern of drinking, daily consumption of alcoholic drinks, as well as influencing factors were described.@*Results@#Drinking was found in 11.2% of school-aged children, the drinking differences of students of different genders, grades, areas were of statistical significance(χ2=8.49, 126.91, 18.36, P<0.01), and the average age of the 423 drinking students was (10.5±1.6)years old. 290 children reported alcohol drinking once or twice in the past 1 week, accounting for 68.6% of the drinking children. 93 children reported drinking for three to six times, accounting for 22.0%, 40 students reported drinking for more than 7 times. Blending wine(58.2%) ranked as the most preferred, followed by beer(33.3%).Drinking was more likely reported among school-aged children who were boys, in higher grade, living in suburbs of Beijing, while children whose parents were more likely to drink in the past month, or from family with lower income and lower education level were also more likely to drink(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Drinking among school-aged children in Beijing in the past 1 is common, but their drinking amount per day was relatively low. Drinking was influenced by age, gender, living place, family and other factors. It is recommended that non-alcoholic intervention should be carried out as soon as possible for them.

18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 544-549, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of pharmacist-led anticoagulation monitoring service for warfarin anticoagulation therapy in patients during hospitalization.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of 421 patients receiving warfarin anticoagulation therapy during hospitalization between April, 2016 and December, 2017. Of these patients, 316 received daily pharmacist-led anticoagulation monitoring service including checking the patients' International Normalized Ratio (INR) and other pertinent laboratory test results and reviewing medication changes and the patients' clinical status (monitoring group); the other 105 patients receiving warfarin anticoagulation therapy without pharmaceutical care served as the control group. The data including compliance rate of anticoagulant indicators, incidence and rate of prompt management of INR alert, thrombosis and bleeding events during hospitalization were analyzed among these patients.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control patients, the patients in the monitoring group showed a significantly higher percentage time within target INR range [(73.20±9.46)% (46.32±17.11)%, < 0.001] and a higher qualified rate of INR before discharge (98.42% 60.95%, < 0.001) as well as a higher proper INR-monitoring frequency (97.15% 66.67%, < 0.001). The patients in the monitoring group showed a significantly lower incidence of INR alert than the control patients (8.23% 20.00%, < 0.001) with also a much higher rate of prompt management (96.15% 33.33%). The two groups had similar incidences of clinical events except that the control group reported a higher incidence of minor bleeding episodes (9.52% 2.53%, =0.005).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pharmacist-led anticoagulation monitoring service can significantly improve the effectiveness and safety of warfarin anticoagulation therapy for patients during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anticoagulants , Drug Monitoring , Hospitalization , Pharmacists , Retrospective Studies , Warfarin
19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 562-566, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828096

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of Kaiser score for breast lesions presenting as non-mass enhancement.@*METHODS@#We collected data from patients with breast lesions presenting as non-mass enhancement on preoperative DCE-MRI between January, 2014 and June, 2019. All the cases were confirmed by surgical pathology or puncture biopsy. With pathology results as the gold standard, we evaluated the diagnostic efficacy of Kaiser score and MRI BI-RADS classification and the consistency between the diagnostic results by the two methods and the pathological results.@*RESULTS@#A total of 90 lesions were detected in 88 patients, including 28 benign lesions (31.1%) and 62 malignant lesions (68.9%). For diagnosis of the lesions, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of Kaiser Score were 100%, 75%, 89.9%, 100% and 92%, as compared with 93.5%, 46.4%, 79.5%, 76.5% and 78.9% of MRI BI-RADS, respectively. The diagnostic specificity of Kaiser score was significantly higher than that of BI-RADS classification (=0.021).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The Kaiser score system provides a diagnostic strategy for BI-RADS classification of breast lesions with non-mass enhancement and has a better diagnostic efficacy than BI-RADS classification alone. The use of Kaiser score can significantly improve the diagnostic specificity of such breast lesions for inexperienced radiologists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Breast Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
20.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 93-97, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810416

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the correlation between blood pressure variability (BPV) and target organ damage in children with essential hypertension.@*Methods@#A retrospective review identified 144 children (104 boys (72.2%) and 40 girls (27.8%), age (11.7±2.5)years) diagnosed with essential hypertension at Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2013 to June 2018. Data on indicators for assessing fundus, cardiac, and renal damages obtained included 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, BPV, fundus oculi examination, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, renal function, 24-hour urine protein quantitation, urine microalbumin, serum and urine β2-microglobulin. According to the existence of target organ damage, subjects were divided into target organ damage group and non-target organ damage group. Comparison between groups was analyzed using independent sample t test, chi square test and pearson correlation analysis.@*Results@#The study included 144 children. There were 108 children (75.0%) diagnosed with phase 1 hypertension and 36 children (25.0%) diagnosed with phase 2 hypertension. Patients in target organ damage group (n=86, 59.7%) had a higher coefficient of 24 h diastolic BPV (14.5%±3.2% vs. 13.2%±2.5% t=2.558, P=0.012), a higher coefficient of daytime systolic BPV (8.2%±2.1% vs. 7.4%±2.0%, t=2.253, P=0.026) and a higher coefficient of daytime diastolic BPV (12.8%±3.4% vs.11.1%±2.4%, t=3.188, P=0.002) compared with patients in non-target organ damage group (n=58, 40.3%). The coefficients of daytime systolic BPV and daytime diastolic BPV were significantly associated with cardiac damage (r=0.190, P=0.023; r=0.366, P<0.01) and renal damage (r=0.167, P=0.046; r=0.167, P=0.045). The coefficient of daytime diastolic BPV was positively correlated with left ventricular mass index (r=0.366, P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#There is a correlation between BPV and target organ damage in children with essential hypertension. Daytime BPV is strongly associated with cardiac and renal damage, and daytime diastolic BPV may predict early cardiac hypertrophy. As a noninvasive method, daytime BPV can provide evidence for early identification of hypertensive target organ damage.

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