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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3744-3755, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011141

ABSTRACT

The well-known insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1)/IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) signaling pathway is overexpressed in many tumors, and is thus an attractive target for cancer treatment. However, results have often been disappointing due to crosstalk with other signals. Here, we report that IGF-1R signaling stimulates the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells through the translocation of IGF-1R into the ER to enhance sarco-endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase 2 (SERCA2) activity. In response to ligand binding, IGF-1Rβ is translocated into the ER by β-arrestin2 (β-arr2). Mass spectrometry analysis identified SERCA2 as a target of ER IGF-1Rβ. SERCA2 activity is heavily dependent on the increase in ER IGF-1Rβ levels. ER IGF-1Rβ phosphorylates SERCA2 on Tyr990 to enhance its activity. Mutation of SERCA2-Tyr990 disrupted the interaction of ER IGF-1Rβ with SERCA2, and therefore ER IGF-1Rβ failed to promote SERCA2 activity. The enhancement of SERCA2 activity triggered Ca2+ER perturbation, leading to an increase in autophagy. Thapsigargin blocked the interaction between SERCA2 and ER IGF-1Rβ and therefore SERCA2 activity, resulting in inhibition of HCC growth. In conclusion, the translocation of IGF-1R into the ER triggers Ca2+ER perturbation by enhancing SERCA2 activity through phosphorylating Tyr990 in HCC.

2.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 614-617,618, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004796

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and management strategies of thrombocytopenia caused by tirofiban. 【Methods】 The basic clinical data, platelet count changes and treatment course of 7 patients with acute coronary syndrome who used tirofiban resulting in severe thrombocytopenia during their hospitalization in our hospital from December 2021 to March 2023 were collected, and their individual and common characteristics were analyzed. 【Results】 Platelet counts were in the normal range in all 7 patients on admission. Six of the patients had thrombocytopenia occurring from 3 to 16 hours after tirofiban use, and one patient was detected at 34 h of tirofiban use. Their minimum platelet count ranged from (1-11)×109/L. All 7 cases discontinued tirofiban and other antithrombotic drugs, and the platelet count increased to 50×109/L in 6 patients in 2 to 4 days after stopping the drug and gradually returned to the normal range. During this period, there were no bleeding or acute thrombotic events, and no platelet transfusion was conducted. Five patients resumed antithrombotic therapy when the platelet count returned to (20-50)×109/L, 1 patient underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery when the count rose above 50×109/L. One patient had bleeding manifestations after thrombocytopenia and required limited-duration CABG surgery, so 3 U platelet transfusion and immunoglobulin treatment were performed consecutively. CABG surgery was performed when the platelet count increased to 76×109/L. The differential diagnosis of the cause of thrombocytopenia was performed in all seven patients, and other causes of thrombocytopenia, such as heparin, were excluded. 【Conclusion】 Tirofiban can cause acute severe or extremely severe thrombocytopenia. Routine platelet count testing at 6 hours after medication can prevent serious adverse events by discontinuing tirofiban promptly after thrombocytopenia occurs. At the same time, it is determined whether to perform platelet transfusion based on whether the patient has bleeding and the risk of bleeding, and the timing of resuming antithrombotic treatment is determined based on the recovery of platelet count and the risk of thrombosis.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2963-2975, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982898

ABSTRACT

Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) has been made an attractive anticancer target due to its overexpression in cancers. However, targeting it has often produced the disappointing results as the role played by cross talk with numerous downstream signalings. Here, we report a disobliging IGF-1R signaling which promotes growth of cancer through triggering the E3 ubiquitin ligase MEX3A-mediated degradation of RIG-I. The active β-arrestin-2 scaffolds this disobliging signaling to talk with MEX3A. In response to ligands, IGF-1Rβ activated the basal βarr2 into its active state by phosphorylating the interdomain domain on Tyr64 and Tyr250, opening the middle loop (Leu130‒Cys141) to the RING domain of MEX3A through the conformational changes of βarr2. The models of βarr2/IGF-1Rβ and βarr2/MEX3A could interpret the mechanism of the activated-IGF-1R in triggering degradation of RIG-I. The assay of the mutants βarr2Y64A and βarr2Y250A further confirmed the role of these two Tyr residues of the interlobe in mediating the talk between IGF-1Rβ and the RING domain of MEX3A. The truncated-βarr2 and the peptide ATQAIRIF, which mimicked the RING domain of MEX3A could prevent the formation of βarr2/IGF-1Rβ and βarr2/MEX3A complexes, thus blocking the IGF-1R-triggered RIG-I degradation. Degradation of RIG-I resulted in the suppression of the IFN-I-associated immune cells in the TME due to the blockade of the RIG-I-MAVS-IFN-I pathway. Poly(I:C) could reverse anti-PD-L1 insensitivity by recovery of RIG-I. In summary, we revealed a disobliging IGF-1R signaling by which IGF-1Rβ promoted cancer growth through triggering the MEX3A-mediated degradation of RIG-I.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1985-1990, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990438

ABSTRACT

Objective:To know whether the implementation of "Five Love" values education in the teaching of nursing introduction can improve students′ learning effect and professional identity.Methods:A quasi experimental study was conducted. The convenient cluster sampling method was used to select 118 freshmen from the Chinese foreign cooperation undergraduate class of the Nursing School of Henan University of Chinese Medicine as the ideological and political group from March to July 2022, and implement the teaching integrated with the "Five Love" values ideological and political program. From March to July 2021, 120 freshmen from the Chinese foreign cooperation undergraduate class were set as the control group, and the routine teaching were implemented. The test scores and college students′professional identity were compared between the two groups.Results:The total score of the process assessment in the ideological and political group was (92.78 ± 6.54) points, higher than that of the control group (85.64 ± 10.21) points, the difference was statistically significant ( t=-3.09, P<0.05). The scores of ideological and political group students in Professional Identity Questionnaire before education were (2.60 ± 0.72) points and after education were (3.50 ± 0.24) points, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-4.80, P<0.05). Three themes can be extracted from the group focus interview and reflection homework: "promoting the formation of students 'Five Loves' values, increasing the sense of learning benefits and enhancing the relationship between teachers and students". Conclusions:Carrying out "Five Loves" value education in the teaching of nursing introduction course can improve the teaching effect and students' professional identity, increase students' sense of learning benefit, and enhance the relationship between teachers and students.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1159-1166, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990312

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a conceptual framework of burnout among primary caregivers of stroke patients based on grounded theory.Methods:According to the characteristics of age, gender, relationship with patients, length of care and other characteristics of purpose sampling method, from December 2021 to March 2022, 31 primary caregivers of stroke patients were selected for semi-structured interviews in two second-class hospitals, a first-class hospitals and a community health service station in Wuzhong city and Yinchuan city. The data were analyzed in procedural grounded theory method.Results:A total of 29 primary categories and 9 secondary categories were formed. The conceptual framework of burnout among primary caregivers of stroke patients was finally established, which consisted of four main categories (role burnout, physical burnout, psychological burnout and social burnout) and a core category (burnout of primary caregivers of stroke patients).Conclusions:The conceptual framework of burnout among primary caregivers of stroke patients constructed in this study elaborates the connotation of burnout of primary caregivers of stroke patients from four aspects, which can provide a basis for the development of assessment tools and the formulation of intervention measures in the future.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1091-1098, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential categories of resourcefulness in primary caregivers of stroke patients and analyze the differences in the characteristics of different types of caregivers, so as to provide basis for clinical construction of effective intervention plans.Methods:The 308 primary caregivers of stroke patients who met the research standards in the Department of Neurology of General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, People′s Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the First People′s Hospital of Yinchuan from December 2020 to August 2021 were selected as the research objects by convenient sampling method.The general information questionnaire, Resourcefulness Scale and Social Support Revalued Scale were used for cross-sectional investigation.Results:The resourcefulness of the primary caregivers of stroke patients were divided into 2 potential categories: low resourcefulness group (62.7%, 193/308) and high resourcefulness group (37.3%, 115/308). Uni-variate analysis showed that there were differences between potential categories: age and education level of stroke patients, whether there was long-term medication history, number of other chronic diseases, had there been any complications due to illness, age, education level and occupation of caregivers, average daily care duration, family relations, and social support ( χ2 values were -3.34 - 23.62, all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that social support and education level of caregivers were the influencing factors of caregiver resourcefulness ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The resourcefulness in the primary caregivers of stroke patients has certain characteristics. Clinically, targeted intervention measures should be formulated according to the different types of caregiver resourcefulness characteristics of caregivers and their influencing factors to improve the caregiver resourcefulness of stroke patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 961-967, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990280

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between psychological distress and intimacy in stroke patients and the mediating effect of different dyadic coping style, to provide theoretical guidance for improving the intimate relationship of stroke patients.Methods:A convenient sampling method was used to select 203 patients with stroke who visited the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, the People's Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and the Department of Neurology of Yinchuan First People's Hospital from December 2020 to July 2021 as the survey objects. The general information questionnaire, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, Quality of Relationship Index and Dyadic Coping Inventory were used to investigate patients.Results:The scores of psychological distress, intimate relationship, positive dyadic coping and negative dyadic coping were 19.33 ± 7.46, 32.75 ± 6.79, 86.25 ± 13.22, and 16.46 ± 4.08, respectively. Correlation analysis showed that psychological distress was negatively correlated with intimate relationship and positive dyadic coping ( r=-0.195, -0.204, both P<0.01), psychological distress was positively correlated with negative dyadic coping ( r=0.229, P<0.01). The mediating effect of positive dyadic coping and negative dyadic coping on psychological distress and intimate relationship was 35.87% and 53.26%, respectively. Conclusions:The psychological distress indirectly affects the intimate relationship of stroke patients through positive dyadic coping and negative dyadic coping. Health care workers can guide patients to actively cope with the disease and encourage couples to strengthen communication, so as to enhance the intimacy of couples and promote their physical and mental health development.

8.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 398-406, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989576

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether BHLHE40 can affect the sensitivity of thyroid cancer (TC) cells to cisplatin by activating oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) pathway by targeting high mobility group A2 (HMGA2) .Methods:The mRNA expression of HMGA2 and its upstream transcription factor BHLHE40 in TC tissues was analyzed by TCGA-THCA and hTFtarget online databases. The si-HMGA2, oe-HMGA2, oe-BHLHE40, negative control si-NC and oe-NC were transfected into TC cells (K1 and SW579) by liposome transfection method. The mRNA expression levels of BHLHE40 and HMGA2 in TC cells (SW579, FTC-133, and K1) and normal thyroid cells (Nthy ori3-1) were detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). The cell viability was detected by MTT assay, the half inhibitory concentration (IC 50) value of cisplatin was calculated by CCK-8 assay, the apoptosis level was detected by flow cytometry, and the expression of OXPHOS complex was detected by Western blotting. Seahorse XFe 96 was used to analyze the oxygen consumption rate of the TC cells. Dual-luciferase assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay were used to analyze the binding relationship between BHLHE40 and HMGA2. Results:TCGA database results showed that the mRNA expression levels of HMGA2 and BHLHE40 in TC tissues (10.57±2.58, 13.89±1.13) were higher than those in normal thyroid tissues (4.82±1.69, 12.28±1.01), with statistically significant differences ( t=16.69, P<0.001; t=10.43, P<0.001). The results of qRT-PCR showed that the relative mRNA expression levels of HMGA2 in normal thyroid cells (Nthy ori3-1) and TC cells (SW579, FTC-133, and K1) were 1.00±0.13, 2.94±0.23, 4.71±0.41 and 6.29±0.49, while those of BHLHE40 were 1.00±0.12, 2.60±0.23, 3.39±0.35 and 6.18±0.51 respectively, both with statistically significant differences ( F=130.50, P<0.001; F=125.20, P<0.001). Further pairwise comparison showed that mRNA expression levels of HMGA2 and BHLHE40 in TC cells were significantly higher than those in normal thyroid cells (all P<0.001). According to MTT experimental results, si-HMGA2 treatment significantly reduced the cell viability of K1 cells compared to the si-NC group (all P<0.05). In addition, compared to the oe-NC group, oe-HMGA2 treatment significantly increased the cell viability of SW579 cells (all P<0.05). Compared to the oe-NC+DMSO group, the oe-HMGA2+DMSO group showed enhanced cell viability of SW579 cells, while the OXPHOS pathway inhibitor Gboxin was able to reverse the effect of overexpressing HMGA2 on cell viability (all P<0.05). The results of flow cytometry and CCK-8 experiments showed that compared to the si-NC group (apoptosis level: 6.19%±0.28%; cisplatin IC 50 value: 17.47 μmol/L), knocking down HMGA2 could increase the apoptosis level (11.96%±0.32%; t=19.17, P<0.001) and cisplatin sensitivity (IC 50 value: 1.49 μmol/L) of K1 cells. In addition, compared to the oe-NC group (apoptosis level: 9.98%±0.32%; cisplatin IC 50 value: 8.17 μmol/L), overexpressing HMGA2 significantly decreased the apoptosis level (4.32%±0.25%; t=19.65, P<0.001) and cisplatin sensitivity (IC 50 value: 34.95 μmol/L) of SW579 cells. The results of dual-luciferase assay showed that compared with the si-NC group, knocking down the expression of BHLHE40 in human kidney epithelial 293T cells significantly reduced the luciferase activity of wild-type HMGA2 (0.31±0.02 vs. 1.00±0.11; t=10.69, P=0.004). However, there was no significant effect on the luciferase activity of mutant-type HMGA2 (1.06±0.11 vs. 1.00±0.07; t=0.80, P=0.470). ChIP results showed that the mRNA expression level of HMGA2 in K1 cells was significantly increased in the anti-BHLHE40 group (6.57±0.62) compared with the IgG group (1.00±0.10; t=15.36, P<0.001). Compared to the oe-NC+DMSO group, the oe-HMGA2+DMSO group showed decreased apoptosis level ( P<0.05) and cisplatin sensitivity of SW579 cells, with a significant increase in the expression of OXPHOS complexes Ⅰ-Ⅴ and cellular oxygen consumption rates (all P<0.05). The effect of overexpressing HMGA2 was reversed by treatment with oe-HMGA2+Gboxin (all P<0.05). The recovery experiment showed that compared to the oe-NC+si-NC group, overexpression of BHLHE40 in SW579 cells increased cell viability and the expression of OXPHOS complexes Ⅰ-Ⅴ, while decreasing apoptosis levels and increasing cellular oxygen consumption rates and cisplatin IC 50 values (all P<0.05). However, simultaneous knockdown of HMGA2 reversed the effect of overexpressing BHLHE40 (all P<0.05) . Conclusion:BHLHE40 can activate the OXPHOS pathway by targeting and regulating the expression of HMGA2, thereby affecting the sensitivity of TC cells to cisplatin.

9.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 252-258, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005012

ABSTRACT

  Objective  To study the demographic and clinical characteristics, correlation of genotype and phenotype and treatment of Blau syndrome to facilitate early diagnosis and timely treatment of Blau syndrome.  Methods  Seventy-two patients with Blau syndrome from 11 centers from May 2006 to April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, and their general information, clinical data, laboratory examination and treatment medication were collected.  Results  The distribution of patients with Blau syndrome was uniform in geographical north and south of China, and there was no obvious gender bias. The mean age of onset was (14.30±12.81) months, and the age of diagnosis was (55.18±36.22) months. 35% of patients with Blau syndrome happened before 1 year old, and all patients developed before 5 years old. 87.50% (63/72) had granulomatous arthritis, 65.28% (47/72) had rash, 36.11% (26/72) had ocular involvement, 27.78% (20/72) had fever, and 15.28% (11/72) had pulmonary involvement. Arthritic manifestations of Blau syndrome were most at risk, followed by rash, ocular involvement, and fever.The first 25 months of the disease, the risk of developing a rash was the greatest. The risk of developing arthritis was the greatest between 25 months and 84 months. The main mutations were p.R334Q and p.R334W, and patients with p.R334Q mutation had relatively high incidence of fever (35.71%[5/14] vs. 14.29%[1/7], P=0.43) and ocular involvement (42.86%[6/14]vs. 28.57%[2/7], P=0.51). There was a relatively high incidence of rash (85.71%[6/7] vs. 64.29%[9/14], P=0.59) in patients with the p.R334W mutation. Forty-five patients(62.50%)were treated with a combina-tion of glucocorticoid and methotrexate. Twenty-two patients were treated with tumor necrosis factor antagonist in addition to glucocorticoid and methotrexate.  Conclusions  The risk of different clinical manifestations of Blau syndrome from high to low was arthritis, followed by rash, ocular involvement and fever. The main treatment was glucocorticoid combined with methotrexate, to which biological agents could be added.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 547-552, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922951

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the population differences of the newly named "metabolic associated fatty liver disease" (MAFLD) and the former name "nonalcoholic fatty liver disease" (NAFLD). Methods From November 2020 to January 2021, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 624 elderly individuals aged above 65 years in a community in Beijing, China, and related data were collected, including demographic data, past history, laboratory markers, liver ultrasound, and liver elasticity. According to the presence or absence of fatty liver based on ultrasonic diagnosis, the individuals were divided into fatty liver group with 389 individuals and non-fatty liver group with 235 individuals. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between the two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between the two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between the two groups. Results Among the 389 patients with fatty liver, 387(99.5%) were diagnosed with MAFLD and 368(94.6%) were diagnosed with NAFLD, and there were 19 patients with a history of heavy alcohol consumption and 2 with positive surface antigen. A total of 366 patients met the diagnostic criteria for both MAFLD and NAFLD, accounting for 94.6% of the MAFLD patients and 99.5% of the NAFLD patients. Compared with the non-fatty liver group, the MAFLD group had significant increases in body mass index (BMI) ( t =-11.228, P < 0.05), waist circumference ( Z =-8.532, P < 0.05), hip circumference ( Z =-6.449, P < 0.05), waist-hip ratio ( Z =-5.708, P < 0.05), alanine aminotransferase ( Z =-5.027, P < 0.05), aspartate aminotransferase ( Z =-2.880, P < 0.05), platelet count ( t =-3.623, P < 0.05), triglyceride ( Z =-8.489, P < 0.05), fasting blood glucose ( Z =-3.516, P < 0.05), HbA1c ( Z =-2.884, P < 0.05), Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) ( Z =-0.394, P < 0.05), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein ( Z =-4.912, P < 0.05), controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) ( t =13.744, P < 0.05), and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) ( Z =-7.69, P < 0.05), as well as a significant reduction in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ( t =6.348, P < 0.001). Meanwhile, MAFLD patients had more metabolic associated diseases, such as overweight, obesity, central obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension ( χ 2 =9.978, 65.472, 36.571, 9.797, and 5.128, all P < 0.05). In the MAFLD group, 30.7% of the patients had non-obese fatty liver disease (BMI < 25 kg/m 2 ), and 11.1% had lean fatty liver disease (BMI < 23 kg/m 2 ); compared with the obese MAFLD patients, the non-obese MAFLD patients had significantly lower age ( Z =-3.042, P < 0.05), BMI ( Z =-15.705, P < 0.05), waist circumference ( Z =-9.589, P < 0.05), hip circumference ( Z =-10.275, P < 0.05), HOMA-IR ( Z =-2.081, P < 0.05), CAP ( t =-3.468, P < 0.05), LSM ( Z =-3.630, P < 0.05), and NAFLD fibrosis score ( t =-4.433, P < 0.05). According to LSM value, advanced liver fibrosis accounted for 3.6% of the MAFLD population, and 10% of the MAFLD population could not be excluded for advanced liver fibrosis. Conclusion The diagnosis of MAFLD can basically cover the NAFLD population in the elderly people, and it is supposed that MAFLD can almost directly replace the concept of NAFLD in similar populations. However, further studies are needed to investigate its application in other populations.

11.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 753-760, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958253

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 vaccines are effective in preventing COVID-19, but their efficacy in blocking virus transmission is controversial. Although SARS-CoV-2 vaccines can reduce the sources of infection and the possibility of secondary transmission from breakthrough infection cases, their effectiveness wanes over time. Moreover, the emergence of variants with stronger transmissibility and immune escape ability also poses huge challenges to the effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in blocking virus transmission. Therefore, ending the COVID-19 pandemic still requires the continuous research and development of new vaccines as well as the adoption of effective prevention and control measures.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 37-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931740

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the effects of low protein diet combined with α-keto acid on calcium and phosphorus metabolism and nutritional status in patients undergoing hemodialysis.Method:Randomized controlled Trials were searched in Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, CBM, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases from the establishment of respective database until July 2021, and meta-analysis is conducted using RevMan 5.4.Results:A total of 8 studies including 556 patients were selected. Meta-analysis showed that after receiving low protein diet combined with α-keto acid, patients demonstrated significantly reduced blood phosphorus [MD = -0.17, 95% CI (-0.25, -0.7), P < 0.01], calcium- phosphorus product [MD = -6.17, 95% CI (-6.67, -5.58), P < 0.01] and parathyroid hormone levels [MD = -35.36, 95% CI (-40.89, -29.83), P < 0.01]. There was no significant difference in serum calcium [MD = 0.03, 95% CI (-0.00, 0.07), P = 0.08] and serum albumin [MD = 0.41, 95% CI (-0.12, 0.95), P = 0.13]. Conclusion:Low protein diet combined with α-keto acid can reduce the levels of serum phosphorus, calcium-phosphorus product and parathyroid hormone in hemodialysis patients while the effects on serum calcium and serum albumin are undetermined and need further verification.

13.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 653-659, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930491

ABSTRACT

Antipyretic-analgesics are currently one of the most prescribed drugs in children.The clinical application of antipyretic-analgesics for children in our country still have irrational phenomenon, which affects the therapeutic effect and even poses hidden dangers to the safety of children.In this paper, suggestions were put forward from the indications, dosage form/route, dosage suitability, pathophysiological characteristics of children with individual differences and drug interactions in the symptomatic treatment of febrile children, so as to provide reference for the general pharmacists when conducting prescription review.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 857-864, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of stereotactic body radiotherapy(SBRT) and surgery in treating intrapulmonary recurrence of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after radical surgery.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on NSCLC patients, who underwent radical surgery at the Cancer Hospital Affiliated to University of Chinese Academy of Sciences from November 2012 to December 2018 and then received SBRT or secondary surgery because of postoperative intrapulmonary recurrence. The survival rates of these patients were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The comparison between the two groups was made using the Log-rank method, and the univariate and multivariate analysis was made using the Cox regression method.Results:Among 62 eligible patients, 33 received SBRT and 29 received secondary surgery, and they were divided into the SBRT group and the surgery group accordingly. For the SBRT and surgery groups, the median follow-up time was 45.8 months and 37.4 months, the 3-year locoregional control rate (LRCR) 79.8% and 90.2%, respectively ( P > 0.05), the progression-free-survival (PFS) 58.5% and 42.3%, respectively ( P >0.05), and the overall survival (OS) 78.0% and 85.5%, respectively ( P >0.05). The multivariate analysis suggested that treatment method, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and adjuvant drug therapy were independent prognostic factors for PFS ( P = 0.027, 0.013, 0.001). Conclusions:The efficacy of SBRT and surgery is comparable for patients with intrapulmonary recurrence of NSCLC after radical surgery.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1873-1878, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989972

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features, follow-up characteristics and prognosis of rheumatic disease complicated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in children, and to provide support for its clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the data of rheumatic 24 patients complicated with PAH hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Children′s Hospital Affiliated to the Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Jiangxi Children′s Hospital, Department of Pediatrics Ⅰ, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University and Department of Pediatrics, the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University from January 2013 to June 2022.The rheumatic patients complicated with PAH were followed up by telephone on June 30, 2022, and their clinical symptoms, treatment, follow-up, and prognosis data were collected.According to different treatment methods, the patients were divided into different clinical subgroups. The change of PAH was analyzed. The t-test was used for comparison between groups. P<0.05 was statistically significant. Results:A total of 24 cases were enrolled, with 7 males and 17 females.The average onset age of PAH was (10.97±3.79) years old.The median duration of PAH was 6.00 (32.20) months.The average pulmonary artery pressure was (51.71±17.66) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). There were 9 cases of systemic lupus erythematosus, 5 cases of Takayasu′s arteritis, 3 cases of juvenile dermatomyositis, 3 cases of undifferentiated connective tissue disease, 2 cases of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis, 1 case of Behcet′s disease, and 1 case of Kawasaki disease.Among 24 cases, the common symptoms were fever (14 cases), fatigue (10 cases) and dyspnea (7 cases). Of the 24 cases, 10 cases were complicated with hydropericardium, 9 cases with valve regurgitation, and 5 cases with decreased systolic and/or diastolic function.Lung changes were observed in 17 cases.Eleven cases were tested for B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), and the BNP levels were all elevated in them (11 cases), with a median BNP of 3 073 (10 645) ng/L.After the first occurrence of PAH, 12 cases were treated with Methylprednisolone therapy, 10 cases received Cyclophosphamide therapy, and 2 cases who were both systemic lupus erythematosus, underwent blood purification.In the treatment of PAH, 11 cases were treated with pulmonary artery pressure reduction, and 7 of the 11 cases took PAH-targeted drugs.The mean decrease of the average pulmonary artery pressure in children receiving the targeted therapy[(44.80±24.08) mmHg] was significant higher than that in children not receiving the targeted therapy [(16.15±17.25) mmHg] ( t=2.661, P=0.016). Twenty children were reexamined and/or followed up, and the average course of PAH at the telephone follow-up was (36.29±26.67) months.The pulmonary arterial hypertension in 6 cases completely recovered, with median recovery time of 8.00 (13.47) months, but 2 of them died after the complete recovery.The pulmonary arterial hypertension improved in 11 children, 1 of whom died and the remaining children were in stable condition.The pulmonary arterial hypertension worsened in 2 children, 1 of them improved previously but aggravated recently, and the other child did not monitor pulmonary artery pressure and died during telephone follow-up. Conclusions:Rheumatic diseases complicated with PAH are rare and most often diagnosed in severe rheumatic children.It can lead to death, and is commonly accompanied by notably elevated BNP levels.The patients who have early PAH detection, intensive treatment of the primary disease, symptomatic and targeted pulmonary artery pressure reduction show a better prognosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 1086-1091, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of triamcinolone acetonide injection behind the eyeball in the treatment of Purtscher disease and its effects on vision, inflammatory factors, nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) of aqueous fluid.Methods:A total of 64 patients with Purtscher disease admitted to First People′s Hospital of Lanzhou City from January 2016 to January 2020 were selected and divided into two groups by random number table, with 32 cases in each group. The control group was given conventional treatment, and the observation group was injected with triamcinolone acetonide behind the eyeball on this basis. The total effective rate after 6 weeks of treatment, the best corrected visual acuity and hemodynamic indicators peak flow velocity (V max), end-diastolic flow velocity (V min), resistance index (RI) of ophthalmic artery and central retinal artery during systole, aqueous humor inflammatory factors tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-2, IL-6, NO, ET-1, and adverse reactions after 3 and 6 weeks of treatment were compared between the two groups. Results:After 6 weeks of treatment, the total effective rate in the observation group was higher than that in the control group: 96.9% (31/32) vs. 75.0% (24/32), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 4.655, P<0.05). After 3, 6 weeks of treatment, the best corrected visual acuity in the observation group was higher than that in the control group: 0.44 ± 0.13 vs. 0.35 ± 0.12, 0.88 ± 0.16 vs. 0.62 ± 0.15, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). After 3, 6 weeks of treatment, the V max and V min of the ophthalmic artery and central retinal artery in the observation group were higher than those in the control group: after 3 weeks of treatment: (29.42 ± 0.93) cm/s vs. (28.65 ± 0.90) cm/s, (8.04 ± 1.08) cm/s vs. (6.95 ± 1.12) cm/s, (8.42 ± 1.21) cm/s vs. (8.39 ± 1.19) cm/s, (4.05 ± 0.61) cm/s vs.(3.58 ± 0.57) cm/s; after 6 weeks of treatment: (31.72 ± 1.03) cm/s vs. (29.58 ± 0.95) cm/s, (9.81 ± 1.06) cm/s vs. (7.78 ± 1.15) cm/s, (12.01 ± 1.23) cm/s vs. (10.82 ± 1.07) cm/s, (4.65 ± 0.47) cm/s vs. (4.02 ± 0.36) cm/s; the RI of the ophthalmic artery and central retinal artery in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: after 3 weeks of treatment: 0.76 ± 0.06 vs. 0.80 ± 0.05, 0.70 ± 0.03 vs. 0.76 ± 0.04; after 6 weeks of treatment: 0.71 ± 0.05 vs.0.75 ± 0.04, 0.68 ± 0.04 vs.0.72 ± 0.03, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After 3 and 6 weeks of treatment, the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6 of aqueous fluid in the observation group werelower than those in the control group: after 3 weeks of treatment: (2.61 ± 0.38) μg/L vs.(4.75 ± 0.41) μg/L, (3.45 ± 0.28) μg/L vs.(6.28 ± 1.05) μg/L, (6.28 ± 0.34) μg/L vs. (9.45 ± 1.14)μg/L, (9.82 ± 1.66) ng/L vs. (12.45 ± 2.31) ng/L; after 6 weeks of treatment: (0.98 ± 0.23) μg/L vs. (1.44 ± 0.27) μg/L, (1.11 ± 0.36) μg/L vs. (1.69 ± 0.38) μg/L, (3.68 ± 1.02) μg/L vs. (5.73 ± 1.15) μg/L, (4.11 ± 1.19) ng/L vs. (7.38 ± 1.06) ng/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After 3, 6 weeks of treatment, the levels of NO in the observation group washigher than that in the control group: (56.49 ± 9.17) μmol/L vs. (50.22 ± 8.68) μmol/L, (60.18 ± 8.27) μmol/L vs. (53.24 ± 7.96) μmol/L; the levels of ET-1 waslower than that in the control group: (60.77 ± 9.61) ng/L vs. (65.02 ± 10.85) ng/L, (56.59 ± 7.22) ng/L vs. (61.18 ± 6.76) ng/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in the two groups had no statistical significance ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The injection of triamcinolone acetonide behind the eyeball to treat Purtscher disease can improve ocular hemodynamics, inhibit inflammation, improve vascular endothelial function and improve visual acuity. It has significant curative effect and certain safety.

17.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 1067-1071, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of interleukin (IL)-37, osteoprotegerin with coronary artery disease and its stenosisdegree.Methods:The prospective research method was used. From April 2018 to June 2019, two hundred and eleven suspected or diagnosed coronary artery disease patients who had chest pain or discomfort in Dalian Friendship Hospital were selected. The patients underwent selective percutaneous coronary angiography and completed coronary stenosis score (Gensini score). According to the degree of coronary stenosis, 211 patients were divided into the control group(coronary stenosis<50%, 45 cases), single-vessel stenosis group (single-vessel stenosis ≥ 50%, 52 cases), double-vesselstenosis group (double-vesselstenosis ≥ 50%, 58 cases), and triple-vessel stenosis group (triple-vessel stenosis ≥ 50%, 56 cases). The levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1), apolipoprotein B (ApoB), lipoprotein a, uric acid, creatinine were measured by the automatic biochemical analyzer. The serum levels of IL-37 and osteoprotegerin were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results:There were no statistical differences in FBG, uric acid, creatinine, TC, TG, LDL-C, HDL-C, ApoA1 and ApoB among 4 groups ( P>0.05). In the control group, single-vessel stenosis group, double-vessel stenosis group and triple-vessel stenosis group, lipoprotein a was (0.266 ± 0.060), (0.283 ± 0.070), (0.289 ± 0.066) and (0.307 ± 0.084) mg/L respectively; coronary stenosis score was (8.27 ± 7.08), (437.45 ± 98.47), (493.72 ± 125.19) and (522.61 ± 149.34) scores respectively; IL-37 was (342.27 ± 122.36), (437.45 ± 98.47), (493.72 ± 125.19) and (522.61 ± 149.34) ng/L respectively; osteoprotegerin was (378.29 ± 111.95), (458.39 ± 115.37), (502.50 ± 116.88) and (533.39 ± 139.83) ng/L respectively; and there were statistical differences among 4 groups ( P<0.05 or <0.01). IL-37, osteoprotegerin and lipoproteina were positively correlated with coronary stenosis score ( r = 0.43, 0.42 and 0.23, P<0.05), the osteoprotegerin was positively correlated with IL-37( r = 0.73, P<0.05). The multivariate linear regression analysis result showed that the IL-37 and osteoprotegerin were independent protective factors of coronary stenosis degree( β = 0.07 and 0.07, t = 2.72 and 2.57, P<0.01 or <0.05),and lipoproteina was independent risk factor of coronary stenosis degree ( β = 0.97, t = 2.89, P<0.01). Conclusions:IL-37 and osteoprotegerin are positively correlated with the degree of coronary stenosis. They are anti-inflammatory and protective factors of coronary heart disease.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 609-613, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of internal control of government procurement at public hospitals.Methods:Literature review and Delphi method were used to construct the internal control evaluation index system of government procurement at public hospitals, and the weight of the index system was determined by analytic hierarchy process. The index system was used to evaluate the internal control of government procurement in Hospital Z.Results:The evaluation index system of government procurement internal control of public hospitals covers all aspects of the whole process of government procurement, including 2 level-1 indexes of government procurement internal control unit level and government procurement internal control business level, 11 level-2 indexes and 27 level-3 indexes. The internal control of government procurement of Hospital Z was evaluated with an evaluation score of 81.37 points, an evaluation result relatively effective.Conclusions:The evaluation index system of government procurement internal control of public hospitals constructed in this study could quantitatively evaluate the effectiveness of each sector of government procurement internal control of public hospitals. It could meet the basic evaluation requirements of internal control of government procurement at public hospitals.

19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2581-2588, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887824

ABSTRACT

Biochemistry experiment is an experimental module associated with biochemistry curriculum. In the context of deepening the education reform on innovation & entrepreneurship, integrating the concept of innovation & entrepreneurship with the experimental course is an effective way for the biology discipline to foster professional talents with strong engineering ability and innovation & entrepreneurship ability. Outcome-based education (OBE) is a new concept for education. Guided by this concept, we encouraged students to propose and take part in research projects, redesigned the time frame for research project-based experiment teaching, and implemented a multi-dimensional evaluation system along the entire teaching process. Furthermore, we integrated the concept of innovation & entrepreneurship for training undergraduates during the teaching process of biochemistry experiment. These measures not only boosted the students' interest in research and innovation, but also guided the teachers to participate in the entire process, which helped improving the engineering ability and innovation & entrepreneurship ability of the students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biochemistry/education , Curriculum , Entrepreneurship , Students
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2503-2512, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887816

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to provide a simple and reliable genetic typing approach for molecular drug susceptibility test of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, through the developing of fluorescence molecular marker of rifampicin resistance gene rpoB. Eleven fluorescent molecular markers of the rpoB gene were established by using the sequence difference between the amino acid positions 531, 526, 516, 511 and 513 of rpoB gene of rifampicin-resistant strains and the alleles of rifampicin-sensitive strains, combined with the PARMS technique (Penta-primer amplification refractory mutation system). We used 104 clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to validate this marker and it was verified by sequencing as 100% correct. These samples were also tested with proportional drug sensitivity test. The coincidence rate was 94.23%. The molecular markers had high reliability for genotyping of rpoB gene. It can also detect low-concentration drug-resistant samples (511/533 unit point mutations) whose phenotypic susceptibility cannot be detected. The eleven sets of fluorescent molecular markers could cover 92%-96% of rpoB gene mutation types of rifampicin-resistant strains, and provide new idea for rapid detection of rifampin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins/genetics , DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases/genetics , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Mutation , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Rifampin/pharmacology , Technology
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