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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 343-358, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927715

ABSTRACT

Three-amino acid loop extension (TALE) transcription factors play important roles in plant growth and cell differentiation. There are plenty of studies on TALE transcription factors in several model plants, but not in radish (Raphanus sativas). A genome-wide bioinformatics analysis identified 33 TALE family genes in the Xiang-Ya-Bai (XYB) radish, These genes, are distributed on nine chromosomes and all contain 4-6 exons. The 33 TALE genes in radish showed a co-linearity relationship with the 17 homologous genes in Arabidopsis thaliana. Moreover, a large number of stress response cis-elements were found in the promoter regions of these genes. Expression analysis showed that four genes in the BELL subfamily were highly expressed in roots, and two genes in the KNOX subfamily were highly expressed in shoots of bolting plants and callus. All radish TALE genes contain sequences encoding the conserved HOX domain, except for the gene RSA10037940, which is homologous to Arabidopsis KNATM. The deduced 3D structures of the TALE proteins irrespective of subtypes are highly similar. All the encoded proteins were weakly acidic and hydrophilic. The radish TALE gene family is relatively evolutionarily conserved, which was consistent with results from Arabidopsis, but quite different from that of rice. This study provides important clues for studying the biological functions of TALE transcription factors in radish.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Arabidopsis/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Raphanus/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism
2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 330-334, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923321

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the current status of syphilis treatment and its influencing factors among pregnant and lying-in women in Zhejiang Province, so as to promote the standardized treatment for pregnant and lying-in women with syphilis.@*Methods @#The sociodemographic characteristics ( age, educational level, ethnicity, marital status, occupation ), fertility ( gravidity, parity, number of children, and adverse pregnancy history ), gestational week at the first antenatal care visit and syphilis treatment ( treatment or not, standardized treatment or not, and antibody titer ) were collected from the pregnant and lying-in women with syphilis infections delivered in Zhejiang Province in 2018, based on the Zhejiang Provincial Information Management System for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of AIDS, Syphilis and Hepatitis B. Factors affecting the treatment of syphilis infections were identified using a structural-equation model.@*Results@#A total of 2 061 pregnant and lying-in women with syphilis infections were included, with a median age of 29 years and a mean gestational week at the first antenatal care visit of ( 14.33±11.85 ) weeks, and there were 844 women ( 40.95% ) diagnosed in early pregnancy ( <13 weeks of gestational age ). There were 1 978 cases ( 95.97% ) receiving syphilis treatment, and 1 616 cases ( 78.41% ) received standardized treatment. The structural-equation modeling analysis showed that the gestational age at the first antenatal care visit and fertility had direct impacts on the treatment of syphilis infections among pregnant and lying-in women, with standardized path coefficients of -0.187 and -0.157 (both P<0.05 ), respectively, and the sociodemographic characteristics affected the treatment of syphilis through the mediating role of fertility, with a standardized path coefficient of 0.070 ( P<0.05 ).@*Conclusions@#The proportion of syphilis treatment is more than 95% among pregnant and lying-in women in Zhejiang Province, which achieves the required process criteria for validation of elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis. Gestational week at the first antenatal care visit, fertility status, and sociodemographic characteristics are factors affecting the treatment syphilis infections during pregnancy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912532

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of minimal residual disease (MRD) in prediction of prognosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients with or above complete remission 2 (CR2) underwent.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 201 ALL patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) and pretransplant disease status ≥CR2 in Peking University People′s Hospital from January 2009 to December 2018. MRD was measured by multi-parameter flow cytometry at 1 month before transplantation and 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 4 months, 6 months, 9 months or 12 months after transplantation. To investigate the influence of dynamic changes of MRD before and after transplantation on prognosis.Results:201 ALL patients, including 126 males and 75 females, with a median age of 18 years. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), non-relapse mortality (NRM), leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) of all cases were 34%, 16%, 50%, and 56%, respectively. Positive pre-SCT MRD patients with higher 3-year CIR (47% vs 26%, P=0.003), lower 3-year LFS (40% vs 55%, P=0.047) and OS (42% vs 60%, P=0.065) than those with negative one. Subjects with positive post-MRD had higher 3-year CIR (73% vs 22%, P<0.001) and lower 3-year LFS (28% vs 56%, P=0.005) and OS (32% vs 60%, P=0.040) compared with those with negative one. Multivariate analysis showed that both pre-MRD and post-MRD were associated with higher CIR ( HR=1.823, P=0.018; HR=3.474, P<0.001), lower LFS ( HR=1.779, P=0.007; HR=2.185, P=0.001) and OS ( HR=1.609, P=0.034; HR=1.970, P=0.001). Negative pre-and post-SCT MRD group had lower 3-year CIR (17%, 42%, 82%; P<0.001) and higher 3-year LFS (61%, 44%, 18%; P<0.001) and OS (63%, 47%, 27%; P<0.001) compared with those unrisen post-SCT MRD group, and increased post-SCT MRD group. Multivariate analysis showed that pre-and post-SCT MRD dynamics were associated with CIR, LFS and OS ( P<0.01 for all) independently. The pre-and post-SCT MRD dynamics could better distinguish CIR (C=0.669) from that of pre-SCT MRD (C=0.587) and post-SCT MRD (C=0.629). Conclusion:Our data suggest that pre-SCT MRD, post-SCT MRD and the dynamic peri-SCT MRD could be used to predict transplant outcome of ALLpatients with or above CR2 who underwent allo-SCT.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911450

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dynamic change and clinical impact of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) and multicolor flow cytometry (FCM) were used to detect DEK-NUP214 gene expression and leukemia-associated immunophenotype (LAIP) in 15 newly diagnosed patients with positive DEK-NUP214 and receiving allo-HSCT from September 2012 to September 2017 at Peking University People′s Hospital. The clinical outcome was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. The impact of DEK-NUP214 expression was analyzed by log-rank test.Results:The subjects were followed-up with a median period of 657 (62-2 212) days. The median DEK-NUP214 expression level at diagnosis was 488% (274%-1 692%). Thirteen patients achieved complete remission before allo-HSCT. Thirteen patients had a residual DEK-NUP214 expression of 0.38% (0.029%-738.9%) before allo-HSCT. After allo-HSCT, DEK-NUP214 expression in 9/13 patients remained positive, which dropped by around 500 folds (5.7-5 663.0 folds) within a month post-transplant. Five patients died and 2 patients relapsed. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse in patients with positive DEK-NUP214 before transplant was 17.5%±11.3% and the 3-year overall survival was 60.5%±13.8%. After allo-HSCT, DEK-NUP214-negative patients had a better outcome.Conclusion:Quantitative monitor of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene could be a sensitive indicator of MRD status after allo-HSCT.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911442

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of short-term use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in EB viral infection and acute graft-versus host disease (GVHD) in patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) .Method:Adult patients (≥14 years) who were diagnosed with hematological malignancies received haplo-HSCT in Peking University Institute of Hematology from May 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The median age was 30 (14-60) years old. A total of 498 patients including 277 males and 221 females were enrolled. Donors' median age was 38 (8-66) years old. All patients were classified into long-term use of MMF ( n=199), which was defined as 500 mg every 12 hours from day 9 pre-transplant to 250 mg every 12 hours from day 30 after transplant then withdrawal on day 45 to 60 after transplant, and short-term use of MMF ( n=299), which was defined as 500 mg every 12 hour from day 9 pre-transplant then withdrawal till neutrophil engraftment. Kaplan-Meier model was used to analyze the cumulative incidence of EBV infection, and the Cox proportional regression model for multivariate analysis. Result:Characteristics including sex, age, disease types, mismatched HLA loci, donor-recipient relationship, donor-recipient blood type, donor age, and donor sex were comparable between two groups (all P>0.05). According to once, the incidence of EBV viremia, defined as EBV>10 3 copies/ml at least once, in short-term group and long-term group was 19.4% (58/299) and 27.6% (55/199) respectively ( P=0.046).Donor age and the duration of MMF prophylaxis (short-term group as reference) were associated with EBV viremia according to multivariate analysis [ HR=1.022(95% CI 1.006-1.038),1.600(95% CI 1.059-2.418); P=0.006 and 0.026, respectively]. The incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ acute GVHD in long-term and short-term group was 32.2% (64/199) versus 20.7% (62/299)( P=0.005) and 10.1% (20/199) versus 8.0% (24/299) ( P=0.427), respectively. Donor sex (female as reference) and duration of MMF prophylaxis (short-term group as reference) were associated with grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute GVHD [ HR=1.908(95% CI 1.079-3.373),1.752(95% CI 1.161-2.643); P=0.026 and 0.008, respectively].There were no statistical differences in the incidence of CMV viremia, refractory CMV viremia and hemorrhagic cystitis (all P>0.05) between the two groups. Conclusion:Short-term use of MMF can reduce EBV viremia without increasing the development of acute GVHD in haplo-HSCT patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidences and risk factors of poor hematopoietic reconstitution (PHR) in patients with hematological diseases who underwent haploidentical allograft and were treated with rituximab for desensitization.Methods:Eight-three donor specific anti-HLA antibody (DSA, 2000 ≤MFI<10 000) positive patients who underwent haploidentical allograft were prospectively enrolled. Rituximab (375 mg/m 2) was used for desensitization day-3 of conditioning regimen. Incidence and factors associated with PHR, including primary poor graft function and prolonged thrombocytopenia, were investigated. Results:There were 22 males and 61 females with a median age of 39(range: 1-65) years. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 100 day cumulative incidences of neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 93.0% and 90.7%, respectively. The incidences of PHR were 14.7%. The 3-year relapse rate, non-relapse mortality (NRM) rate, event-free survival (EFS), leukemia-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 6.5%, 15.1%, 70.8%, 79.4% and 79.4%, respectively. Patients with DSA MFI<5 000 (group A, n=46) experienced lower PHR (4.4% vs. 27.5%, P=0.003), and higher 3-year EFS (79.5% vs. 59.8%, P=0.020) compared to those with DSA MFI≥5 000 (group B, n=37). Multivariate analysis showed that DSA MFI≥5 000 was correlated with PHR ( HR=6.101, P=0.021). PHR was associated with higher NRM ( HR=4.110, P=0.026), lower DFS ( HR=3.656, P=0.019) and OS ( HR=3.656, P=0.019). Conclusion:Our data suggest that high pre-transplant DSA level is a risk factor for PHR in patients with hematological diseases receiving haploidentical allograft and rituximab for desensitization.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885165

ABSTRACT

Objective:Donor cytomegalovirus (CMV) serological negative status may have an adverse effect on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), while there is inadequate data for Chinese people. This study is to explore the impact of donor CMV serological status on the outcome of CMV seropositive patients receiving allo-HSCT.Methods:Our study retrospectively analyzed 16 CMV seropositive patients with hematological malignancies receiving allogeneic grafts from CMV seronegative donors (antibody IgG negative) at Peking University People′s Hospital from March 2013 to March 2020, which was defined as D -/R + group. The other 64 CMV seropositive patients receiving grafts from CMV seropositive donors at the same period of time were selected as matched controls through a propensity score with 1∶4 depending on age, disease state and donor-recipient relationship (D +/R + group). Results:Patients in D -/R + group developed CMV DNAemia later than patients in the D +/R + group (+37 days vs. +31 days after allo-HSCT, P=0.011), but the duration of CMV DNAemia in D -/R + group was longer than that of D +/R + group (99 days vs. 34 days, P=0.012). The rate of CMV reactivation 4 times or more in D -/R + group was 4/16, significantly higher than that of D +/R + group (4.7%, 3/64, P=0.01). The incidences of refractory CMV DNAemia (14/16 vs. 56.3%, P=0.021) and CMV disease (4/16 vs. 4.7%, P=0.01) in D -/R + group were both higher than those in D +/R + group. In addition, the application of CMV-CTL as the second-line antiviral treatment in D -/R + group was more than that in D +/R + group. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis suggested that CMV serological negativity is an independent risk factor for refractory CMV DNAemia and the duration of CMV infection. The cumulative incidence of aGVHDⅡ-Ⅳ, cGVHD, 3-year probability of NRM, overall survival, and the cumulative incidence of relapse were all comparable in two groups. Conclusions:Although there is no significant effect on OS and NRM, the incidence of refractory CMV DNAemia, the frequency of virus reactivation, and the development of CMV disease in D -/R + group are higher than those in controls. Therefore, CMV seropositive donors are preferred for CMV seropositive patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 540-547, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884448

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the method of establishing a modified demyelination and myelination regeneration model induced by dicyclohexanone oxalyl dihydrazone (CPZ) in mice with multiple sclerosis (MS), and to analyze the image markers of demyelination and myelination regeneration in mouse MS model.Methods:After the intragastrically administered with sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMCNa) for one week, a total of 30 C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into the control group ( n=10), the demyelination group ( n=10), and the remyelination group ( n=10). The mice of the control group were immediately performed MR scanning and pathological specimen obtaining; the mice in the demyelination group were administered with intragastrical CPZ-CMCNa once a day for 6 weeks for inducing demyelination, then received MR scanning and specimen obtaining with the same protocols used in control group; the mice in the remyelination group were administered with intragastrical CPZ-CMCNa once a day for six weeks for demyelination, then CPZ was withdrawn and normal diet was given for another four weeks. Then MR scanning and specimen obtaining were performed with the same protocols used in the other two groups. Regions of interest (ROIs) were set at the rostrum of corpus callosum (rCC), the bilateral normal appearing white matters (NAWM) of the rostrum of corpus callosum, and the bilateral cerebral cortex (Cx). The normalized T 2WI (T 2-normalized), fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD) values were compared among the three groups by one-way ANOVA. Results:The demyelination and remyelination mice model of MS were successfully established. The T 2-normalized values of rCC in control group, demyelination group and remyelination group were 0.47±0.03, 0.72±0.04, 0.54±0.04, respectively, with statistically significant difference found ( F=90.511, P<0.05). Post-hoc multiple comparisons showed significant differences among those groups ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference of T 2-normalized value in NAWM and Cx among the three groups ( P>0.05). Moreover, there were significant differences in the FA values (0.36±0.04, 0.29±0.03, and 0.32±0.05), the MD values [(0.572±0.015), (0.598±0.034), and (0.626±0.043)×10 -3 mm 2/s], the AD values [(0.79±0.04), (0.77±0.06), and (0.83±0.04)×10 -3 mm 2/s], and the RD values [(0.46±0.02), (0.51±0.03), and (0.53±0.05)×10 -3 mm 2/s] of rCC of the control group, the demyelination group, and the remyelination group (all P<0.05). Significant difference was found in FA values between the demyelination group and the control group ( P<0.05), and in MD values between the remyelination group and the control group ( P<0.05), as well as in AD values between the remyelination group and the demyelination group ( P<0.05). There were also significant differences in RD values between the remyelination group and the control group, and the demyelination group and the control group (all P<0.05). However, no significant difference was found in all diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics of NAWM and Cx among the three groups (all P>0.05). The LFB-eosin staining showed that the myelin sheath of rCC was lost in the demyelination group, and the rCC was partially regenerated and repaired in the remyelination group. Conclusion:The modified CPZ-CMCNa model can selectively induce demyelination and remyelination of rCC, and the changes of demyelination and remyelination of rCC in the modified CPZ-CMCNa model can be quantitatively detected by T 2WI combined with DTI, which might provide related theoretical basis for the study on dynamic changes of MS lesions.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883502

ABSTRACT

Chromatographic fingerprinting has been perceived as an essential tool for assessing quality and chemical equivalence of traditional Chinese medicine.However,this pattern-oriented approach still has some weak points in terms of chemical coverage and robustness.In this work,we proposed a multiple reaction monitoring(MRM)-based fingerprinting method in which approximately 100 constituents were simultaneously detected for quality assessment.The derivative MRM approach was employed to rapidly design MRM transitions independent of chemical standards,based on which the large-scale finger-printing method was efficiently established.This approach was exemplified on QiShenYiQi Pill(QSYQ),a traditional Chinese medicine-derived drug product,and its robustness was systematically evaluated by four indices:clustering analysis by principal component analysis,similarity analysis by the congruence coefficient,the number of separated peaks,and the peak area proportion of separated peaks.Compared with conventional ultraviolet-based fingerprints,the MRM fingerprints provided not only better discriminatory capacity for the tested normal/abnormal QSYQ samples,but also higher robustness under different chromatographic conditions(i.e.,flow rate,apparent pH,column temperature,and column).The result also showed for such large-scale fingerprints including a large number of peaks,the angle cosine measure after min-max normalization was more suitable for setting a decision criterion than the unnormalized algorithm.This proof-of-concept application gives evidence that combining MRM tech-nique with proper similarity analysis metrices can provide a highly sensitive,robust and comprehensive analytical approach for quality assessment of traditional Chinese medicine.

10.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 728-739, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922506

ABSTRACT

Relapse is the main problem after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The outcome of a second allo-HSCT (HSCT2) for relapse post-HSCT has shown promising results in some previous studies. However, little is known about the efficacy of HSCT2 in patients with relapsed/refractory acute leukemia (AL) post-chemotherapy plus modified donor lymphocyte infusion (post-Chemo + m-DLI) after the first allo-HSCT (HSCT1). Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of HSCT2 in 28 patients with relapsed/refractory AL post-Chemo + m-DLI in our center. With a median follow-up of 918 (457-1732) days, 26 patients (92.9%) achieved complete remission, and 2 patients exhibited persistent disease. The probabilities of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) 1 year after HSCT2 were 25.0% and 21.4%, respectively. The cumulative incidences of nonrelapse mortality on day 100 and at 1 year post-HSCT2 were 7.1% ± 4.9% and 25.0% ± 8.4%. The cumulative incidences of relapse were 50.0% ± 9.8% and 53.5% ± 9.9% at 1 and 2 years post-HSCT2, respectively. Risk stratification prior to HSCT1 and percentage of blasts before HSCT2 were independent risk factors for OS post-HSCT2, and relapse within 6 months post-HSCT1 was an independent risk factor for DFS and relapse post-HSCT2. Our findings suggest that HSCT2 could be a salvage option for patients with relapsed AL post-Chemo + m-DLI.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Lymphocytes , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
11.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1625-1636, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922646

ABSTRACT

The capacity for neurogenesis in the adult mammalian brain is extremely limited and highly restricted to a few regions, which greatly hampers neuronal regeneration and functional restoration after neuronal loss caused by injury or disease. Meanwhile, transplantation of exogenous neuronal stem cells into the brain encounters several serious issues including immune rejection and the risk of tumorigenesis. Recent discoveries of direct reprogramming of endogenous glial cells into functional neurons have provided new opportunities for adult neuro-regeneration. Here, we extensively review the experimental findings of the direct conversion of glial cells to neurons in vitro and in vivo and discuss the remaining issues and challenges related to the glial subtypes and the specificity and efficiency of direct cell-reprograming, as well as the influence of the microenvironment. Although in situ glial cell reprogramming offers great potential for neuronal repair in the injured or diseased brain, it still needs a large amount of research to pave the way to therapeutic application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cellular Reprogramming , Nerve Regeneration , Neurogenesis , Neuroglia , Neurons
12.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 497-502, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) caused by lupus nephritis, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) - associated vasculitis, or primary glomerulonephritis who were treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) and then withdrew PD because of renal recovery.Methods:Data of the above patients were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were diagnosed as RPGN and received PD therapy in Kidney Disease Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University from February 2009 to August 2018. The patients were divided into early withdrawal group (PD time≤183 days, n=24) and late withdrawal group (PD time>183 day, n=24). The differences of clinical characteristics between the two groups were compared. The cumulative incidence of adverse events in both groups was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier curves. Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the risk factors influencing the prognosis of patients. Results:Forty-eight RPGN patients were included. The median time of maintaining PD was 178(76, 378) days. Compared with the late withdrawal group, the patients in early withdrawal group had lower levels of urine volume, serum albumin and parathyroid hormone, and lower rates of gross hematuria and hypertension at the beginning of PD, and received higher rates of methylprednisolone impulse, combined immunosuppressive agents, and hemodialysis or continuous renal replacement therapy (all P<0.05). At the time of PD withdrawal, the levels of serum creatinine, serum calcium, serum albumin and parathyroid hormone in the early withdrawal group were significantly lower than those in the late withdrawal group (all P<0.05). The Kaplan-Meier curves showed that there was no significant difference in the cumulative survival of patients in both groups (log-rank test χ2=3.485, P=0.062). Cox regression analysis revealed serum creatinine≥209 μmol/L at the time of PD withdrawal was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis ( HR=5.253, 95% CI 1.757-15.702, P=0.003). Conclusions:PD can be used for RPGN patients caused by lupus nephritis, ANCA-associated vasculitis and primary nephritis. Serum creatinine≥209 μmol/L at the time of PD withdrawal is an independent risk factor for poor prognosis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 807-810, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the protective effect of exogenous biliverdin on ultraviolet B (UVB) -induced photodamage to keratinocytes, and to explore its mechanisms.Methods:HaCaT cells were divided into 5 groups: UVB group irradiated with 30 mJ/cm 2 UVB alone, 0.1-, 1- and 10-μmol/L UVB groups treated with 0.1, 1 and 10 μmol/L biliverdin respectively and irradiated with 30 mJ/cm 2 UVB, and control group receiving no treatment. After irradiation, cells in the above groups continued to be cultured for 24 hours. Then, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content were detected in HaCaT cells, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to detect levels of the inflammatory factors interleukin 6 (IL-6) and IL-8 in the culture supernatants of HaCaT cells. One-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of means among multiple groups, and least significant difference (LSD) - t test was used for multiple comparisons. Results:Significant differences were observed among the UVB group, 0.1-, 1- and 10-μmol/L UVB groups and control group in the ROS levels (3 613.33 ± 206.61, 2 958.67 ± 193.87, 2 678.33 ± 178.24, 2 274.67 ± 118.81, 1 905.67 ± 250.25, respectively, F = 34.02, P < 0.05), SOD activity (24.41 ± 1.78, 28.96 ± 2.21, 29.75 ± 1.75, 30.19 ± 2.29, 37.52 ± 2.31, respectively, F = 57.36, P < 0.05), MDA contents (5.61 ± 0.32, 5.46 ± 0.55, 4.65 ± 0.22, 2.55 ± 0.93, 1.31 ± 0.05, respectively, F = 214.09, P < 0.05), and supernatant levels of IL-6 ( F = 29.73, P < 0.05) and IL-8 ( F = 11.40, P < 0.05). The UVB group showed significantly increased levels of ROS, IL-6 and IL-8, and MDA contents compared with the other 4 groups (all P < 0.05), but significantly decreased SOD activity compared with the other 4 groups ( P < 0.05) . Conclusion:Exogenous biliverdin has some protective effect on UVB-induced photodamage, likely by reducing oxidative damage to cells, attenuating inflammatory reactions and suppressing lipid peroxidation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 546-550, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870323

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a new molecular typing method for Treponema pallidum (TP) based on TP0136 protein sequence heterogeneity. Methods:The amino acid sequences of TP0136 open reading frame (ORF) of 9 strains of Treponema pallidum ssp. Pallidum (TPA) , 3 strains of Treponema pallidum ssp. Pertenue (TPE) , 1 unclassified simian strain of Treponema Fribourg-Blanc (FB) and 1 strain of Treponema pallidum ssp. Endemicum (TEN) were searched from Genbank, and multiple sequence comparisons were performed to obtain the molecular typing results of TP0136 protein. The TP0136 protein-based molecular typing method was used to classify 23 TPA clinical isolates, which were collected from Dermatology Hospital of Southern Medical University from January 2015 to December 2018, and the typing results were compared with those by the traditional typing method based on the tp0548/Arp/Tpr genes. Results:TP0136 protein was highly heterogeneous in different TP strains. According to the amino acid sequence of TP0136, TPE, FB and TEN strains were divided into 4 subtypes of Ⅰ- Ⅳ, TPA strains were divided into 6 subtypes of Ⅴ-Ⅹ, and TPA clinical strains were classified into 4 subtypes of Ⅶ, Ⅸ, Ⅹ, Ⅺ. Through the traditional typing method described above, 23 TPA clinical strains could be divided into 5 types (13D/d, 14D/f, 14D/g, 15D/f, 16A/e) . By using the TP0136 protein-based typing method combined with traditional typing method, the above clinical strains could be further subdivided into 10 types, and the 14D/f type could be further divided into 3 subtypes by using the TP0136 protein-based typing method.Conclusion:The TP0136 protein-based molecular typing method can be used to distinguish TP species, which is helpful for further improvement of traditional TPA molecular typing.

15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 128-132, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870235

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the protective effect of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2) protein against ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced photodamage to HaCaT cells,and to explore its mechanisms.Methods Cultured HaCaT cells were divided into 4 groups:control group receiving no treatment,UVB group irradiated with 30 mJ/cm2 UVB for 30 s,Nrf2 group transfected with a lentiviral vector overexpressing the Nrf2 gene,and Nrf2 + UVB group transfected with a lentiviral vector overexpressing the Nrf2 gene followed by radiation with 30 mJ/cm2 UVB for 30 s.After the treatment,HaCaT cells in the above 4 groups were cultured for another 24 hours.Then,changes in the morphology of HaCaT cells were observed after UVB radiation,Western blot analysis was performed to determine Nrf2 protein expression,cell counting kit-8 (CCKS) assay to detect survival rates of HaCaT cells,flow cytometry to detect levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS),and a biochemical method to detect superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in cells,and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in the culture supematant of HaCaT cells.One-way analysis of variance was used for comparing means in several groups,and least significant difference (LSD)-t test for multiple comparisons.Results Polygonal and clustered HaCaT cells were observed in the control group.After UVB radiation,HaCaT cells became shrunken and round,the number of floating cells increased,and the number of adherent cells markedly decreased.There was a significant difference in Nrf2 protein expression among the control group,UVB group,Nrf2 group and Nrf2 + UVB group (1.84 ± 0.047,0.63 ± 0.082,2.19 ± 0.168 and 1.43 ± 0.069 respectively;F =64.81,P < 0.05),and the Nrf2 protein expression was significantly higher in the Nrf2 group than in the control group (t =14.82,P < 0.05);the survival rates of HaCaT cells also significantly differed among the above 4 groups (98.00% ± 2.39%,24.40% ± 2.98%,71.63% ± 3.39%and 43.38% ± 3.39% respectively;F =236.66,P < 0.05),and the UVB group showed significantly decreased cell viability compared with the control group (t =33.34,P < 0.05)and Nrf2 + UVB group (t=10.07,P < 0.05);a significant difference in the ROS level in HaCaT cells was observed among the above 4 groups (1.27 ± 0.10,5.65 ± 0.19,2.10 ± 0.73 and 3.67 ± 0.19 respectively;F =481.39,P < 0.05),and the UVB group showed a significantly increased ROS level compared with the control group (t =33.68,P <0.05) and Nrf2 + UVB group (t =12.47,P < 0.05).The SOD level in HaCaT cells significantly differed among the above 4 groups (F =170.76,P < 0.05),and was significantly lower in the UVB group than in the control group (t =11.25,P < 0.05) and Nrf2 + UVB group (t =17.52,P < 0.05).The IL-6 level also significantly differed among the above 4 groups (F =532.34,P < 0.05),and was significantly higher in the UVB group than in the control group (t =28.48,P < 0.05) and Nrf2 + UVB group (t =27.82,P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the TNF-α level among the above 4 groups (F =2.02,P =0.19).Conclusion Nrf2 can protect HaCaT cells from UVB-induced oxidative damage,by reducing intracellular ROS levels and increasing the activity of the endogenous antioxidant enzyme SOD.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865331

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Objective:To investigate the transthyretin ( TTR) mutations and clinical characteristics of patients with vitreous amyloidosis. Methods:Ten cases of suspected vitreous amyloidosis were recruited in Beijing Tongren Hospital from January 2011 to December 2018.The patients and their relatives underwent detailed ophthalmologic examination.Genomic DNA was extracted from 4 ml peripheral blood samples of patients and their available family members.The four exons of TTR were amplified by PCR, followed by Sanger sequencing.The pathogenicity of gene variants were predicted by Polyphen2, MutationTaster, SIFT, and PMut.The allele frequency of gene variants was searched in the 1000 Genome, EVS, and ExAC database.Co-segregation analysis was performed in available family members.The vitreous specimen of 5 patients obtained during vitrectomy was stained with hematoxylin and eosin and Congo red.Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to entering the study cohort.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Tongren Hospital(No.TRECKY2017-08). Results:Six reported missense mutations of the TTR gene, p. V30A, p.K35N, p.L55R, p.Y69H, p.G83R, and p. Y114C, were identified in 8 patients.The mutations were located in the beta-strand and beta-hairpin domain of TTR.The average onset age of 8 patients was (41.9±8.9) years.All patients showed dense grayish white cord or agglomerate opacity in the vitreous.Hematoxylin and eosin staining of vitreous specimens in 5 patients showed no structural substance.Congo red staining was positive in one patient.Six of 8 patients showed combined hearing system, autonomic nervous system or peripheral nervous system abnormalities. Conclusions:The β-strand C is the protein region where common TTR mutations are located.The p. G83R mutation of TTR gene is a mutation hotspot in Chinese patients with vitreous amyloidosis.Mutation screening of the TTR gene can be used to distinguish vitreous amyloidosis from other causes of vitreous opacity.

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Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 453-457, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862870

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Objective:To explore the relationship between anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies and transplant outcomes in patients with hematological diseases who underwent matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted in 168 patients with hematological diseases who received MSDT in Peking University People's Hospital from March 2015 to November 2017. All patients received detection of anti-HLA antibodies before transplantation, and the correlation between anti-HLA antibodies and transplant outcomes such as hematopoietic cells implantation, blood product transfusion and prognosis after transplantation were analyzed.Results:Among the 168 patients, 28 (16.7%) were positive for anti-HLA class Ⅰ or class Ⅱ antibodies, and 14 (8.3%) were positive for both anti-HLA class Ⅰ and class Ⅱ antibodies. All patients received neutrophil engraftment, 164 patients (97.9%) received platelet engraftment. Univariate analysis showed that there were no effects of anti-HLA antibodies on neutrophil engraftment and engraftment time, platelet engraftment and engraftment time, the volume of red cell transfusion, the volume of platelet transfusion, overall survival (OS) rate, disease free survival (DFS) rate and transplant-related mortality (TRM) in patients with hematological diseases underwent MSDT (all P > 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that platelet engraftment was associated with better OS ( HR=0.065, 95% CI 0.017-0.252, P < 0.01), better DFS ( HR=0.083, 95% CI 0.024-0.289, P < 0.01) and lower TRM ( HR=0.094, 95% CI 0.014-0.626, P=0.015). Conclusion:Anti-HLA antibodies have no effect on transplant outcomes of patients with hematological diseases who have received MSDT.

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Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1795-1797, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862200

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Objective@#Based on the MSM college students in Tianjin, this study aims to explore the demographic and behavioral characteristics of MSM with different sexual partners, and to provide evidence and information for intervention in combination with social networks.@*Methods@#According to the source and access of seeking sexual partners, 546 MSM of Tianjin college students aged 18-24 in 2018 Jan. and 2019 Dec. were divided into internet-based MSM (396) and traditional MSM (150). Chi-square test and rank-sum test were used to compare the demographic information, sexual behavior characteristics, HIV prevention and testing awareness, and psychoactive substance use of the two MSMs, and Logistic regression was used to explore factors affecting college students use of the Internet for sexual partners.@*Results@#Internet-based MSM has advantages in receiving HIV testing and safety consulting services, AIDS knowledge level, and peer education in the past year (P<0.05). The psychoactive substance use of the survey population reached more than 40%, and the awareness rates of pre-exposure prophylaxis and post-exposure prophylaxis were 32.98% and 55.32%, respectively. After multivariate Logistic regression analysis, MSM students who had received condom distribution, AIDS counseling and peer education (OR=2.16, 1.98, P<0.01) were more inclined to use the Internet for sexual partners.@*Conclusion@#Relevant departments can use the Internet to intervene in the prevention and control of MSM in colleges and universities in terms of AIDS-related knowledge, HIV testing, and mental substances.

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Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 106-111, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799576

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Objective@#To analyze the risk factors of steroid resistant acute graft- versus-host disease (aGVHD) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) .@*Methods@#The clinical data of adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) /Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who developed aGVHD after haplo-HSCT in Peking University Institute of Hematology from January 1st, 2010 to December 31st, 2012 were retrospectively reviewed.@*Results@#A total of 85 patients were enrolled in the study, including 55 males and 30 females, with a median age of 30 (19-67) years. After steroid therapy, there were 53 (62.4%) , 6 (7.1%) and 26 (30.6%) patients achieved complete remission (CR) , partial remission (PR) and non-remission (NR) , respectively. The CR rates of the grade Ⅰ/Ⅱ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ aGVHD by steroid therapy were 66.2% (51/77) vs 25.0% (2/8) (χ2=3.639, P=0.048) , respectively. The CR rates of the patients with aGVHD involving 1 target organ and 2 target organs were 77.4% (48/62) vs 21.7% (5/23) (χ2=22.157, P<0.001) . The CR rates of patients with standard risk (SR) and high risk (HR) Minnesota risk score was 67.5% (52/77) vs 12.5% (1/8) (χ2=7.153, P=0.004) . The mononuclear cells≥8.33×108/kg and the HR Minnesota risk score were independent risk factors for steroid-resistant aGVHD in multivariate analysis. Between Minnesota risk score SR (77 cases) and HR (8 cases) groups, the OS rates at 22 months after transplantation were (90.3±3.8) %vs (75.0±15.3) % (χ2=2.831, P=0.092) . After steroid treatment for aGVHD, the OS rates at 22 months in the CR group (53 cases) and non-CR group (32 cases) were (95.2±3.4) %vs (78.6±7.9) % (χ2=5.287, P=0.021) respectively.@*Conclusion@#The Minnesota risk score and mononuclear cells count are effective tool for predicting steroid-resistant aGVHD after haplo-HSCT.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743663

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0bjective The body mass index (BMI), waist to height ratio (RWH), visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) were used to measure the effect of abdominal fat distribution on the degree of coronary artery disease in patients with coronary heart disease. Methods A total of 376 patients with suspected coronary heart disease underwent coronary angiography. The degree of coronary artery disease was evaluated by Judkins method. The coronary artery stenosis ≥50% was coronary artery stenosis (coronary heart disease group), and the coronary artery diameter stenosis was <50% . For non-coronary stenosis (control group), the Gensini method was used to quantitatively evaluate coronary lesions, and the patient's height, body mass, waist circumference, blood lipids, blood pressure and other data were recorded, and BMI and RWH were calculated. All patients underwent upper abdominal CT examination. Measurement of VAT, SAT; Pearson correlation analysis of BMI, RWH, VAT/SAT and Gensini score correlation, multivariate Logistic regression analysis of BMI, RWH, VAT/SAT on coronary heart disease, stepwise linear regression analysis of BMI, RWH, VAT/SAT's impact on Gensini points. Results Of 376 patients with suspected coronary heart disease, 240 patients with coronary heart disease were diagnosed as coronary heart disease by coronary angiography, including 108 with single-vessel disease, 80 with double-vessel disease, 52 with three-vessel disease, and 136 with non-coronary heart disease. The systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, BMI, RWH, VAT/SAT, and Gensini scores in the coronary heart disease group were higher than those in the control group, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was lower than the control group (P<0.05). RWH, VAT/SAT and Gensini scores of patients with single-vessel disease, double-vessel disease and three-vessel disease gradually increased, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). The BMI of double-vessel disease and three-vessel disease patients was higher than that of patients with single-vessel disease (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in BMI between patients with double-vessel disease and three-vessel disease (P>0.05). The results of Pearson correlation analysis showed that Gensini score and RWH (r=0.838, P=0.023), VAT/SAT (r=0.892, P=0.001) had a significant positive correlation, which was related to BMI (r=0.651, P=0.328). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that BMI>26 kg/m2 (OR=1.75, 95% CI 1.53-2.36, P=0.043), RWH>0.7 ( OR=2.81, 95% CI 1.39-5.67, P=0.015), VAT/SAT>0.6 ( OR=4.85, 95% CI 2.86-8.92, P=0.008) was a risk factor for coronary heart disease; stepwise multiple linear regression analysis showed that BMI had no significant effect on Gensini scores. RWH and VAT/SAT are the influencing factors of Gensini scores. The standardized regression coefficients were 0.368 and 0.796, respectively, and the effect is greater with VAT/SAT. Conclusions BMI, RWH, and VAT/SAT are elevated in patients with coronary heart disease. Compared with BMI, RWH and VAT/SAT can reflect the degree of coronary artery disease, and VAT/SAT has a greater impact on coronary artery disease.

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