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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805153

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the situation of ticks carrying pathogens in border areas of Heilongjiang province.@*Methods@#From 2009 to 2018, tick specimens were collected in Yichun, Daxing′anling area and Jiamusi in Heilongjiang province. A total of 2 530 ticks were studied, including 800 Ixodes persulcatus and 1 730 Dermacentor silvarum. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), omsk hemorrhagic fever virus (OHFV), langat virus (LGTV), powassan virus (POWV) were detected by real-time RT-PCR. Spotted fever group rickettsia (SFGR) and Borrelia burgdorferi sensulato (B.b.s.l) were detected by PCR in ticks collected from Jiamusi area.@*Results@#All tick speciments collected were negative for TBEV, SFTSV, OHFV, LGTV and POWV. Tick specimens from Jiamusi carried SFGR and B. b.s.l.with positive rates of 59.5% and 8.9%.@*Conclusions@#The ticks in border areas of Heilongjiang province carry spotted fever group rickettsia and Borrelia burgdorferi, and the carrying rate of spotted fever group rickettsia is high. The monitoring and control of ticks and tick-borne diseases should be strengthened.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806647

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and distribution characteristics of tick-borne encephalitis in China in 2014, and to provide scientific basis for formulating specific prevention and control measures.@*Methods@#The epidemic data were obtained from the "infectious disease report information management system" , using Excel 2016, GIS and other software to summarize and analyze the cases of tick borne encephalitis (TBE) reported, using the number of cases, incidence, composition ratio and other indicators to analyze and describe the TBE epidemiological characteristics in China in 2014.@*Results@#In 2014, a total of 322 cases of TBE were reported in 9 provinces in China, with an annual incidence of 0.024/100, 000 and 1 death of patient. The provinces with high number of cases were Jilin province, Inner mongolia autonomous region and Heilongjiang province, and the number of cases in the other six provinces is no more than two. TBE was distributed in spring and summer, and it is concentrated in May to July. The age of the affected population was mostly concentrated in 40-49 years old, the male-female ratio was 1.6∶1 (198/124), and the patients were dominantly farmers, household and unemployed workers, and forestry workers, they accounted for 49.40% (159/322), 26.40% (85/322) and 18.60% (60/322) of the national TBE cases respectively. The three hospitals that reported the most TBE cases in 2014 were Inner mongolia forestry general hospital, Jiangyuan People′s hospital of Baishan city, Jilin province and Mudanjiang forestry central hospital of Heilongjiang province. The number of reported cases in these three hospitals accounted for 68.6% of the whole country. The laboratory diagnosis rate of Inner mongolia forestry general hospital was the highest (91.9%).@*Conclusions@#In 2014, the incidence of TBE in China has continued to rise compared with the previous two years. The geographical focus is mainly on the forest areas of Daxing′anling, Xiaoxing′anling and Changbai Mountain.

3.
China Oncology ; (12): 177-185, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511069

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: Renal cell carcinoma is the most common form of kidney cancer, characterized by lack of early symptoms and high malignancy. This study aimed to establish orthotopic nude mice models of human renal cell carcinoma with high success rate and good repeatability. Methods: The four types of methods which were adopted to establish the orthotopic models of renal cell carcinoma were orthotopic injection of 786-0 and ACHN cell suspensions, orthotopic injection of primary cell suspensions obtained from the subcutaneous tumor tissues, renal subcutis orthotopic implantation into renal capsule and surgical subcutis orthotopic implantation into renal fascia. To gain insights into the tumorigenicity and the growth of transplantation tumors, the imageological examination (PET/CT), histological examination (H-E staining, immunohistochemistry staining) and biochemical analysis of blood were carried out. Results: In terms of the subcutaneous transplantation of human renal cell carcinoma models in nude mice, tumorigenic rate of ACHN cells (90%) was higher than that of 786-0 cells (30%). The tumorigenic incidences of 786-0 cell suspensions orthotopic injection, ACHN cell suspensions orthotopic injection, ACHN subcutis cellular suspensions orthotopic injection, ACHN subcutis orthotopic implantation into renal capsule and renal fascia were 33%, 80%, 90%, 100% and 20%, respectively. ACHN subcutis orthotopic implantation into renal capsule was the most effective approach. Imageological and histological results accorded with poorly differentiated renal cell carcinoma. Conclusion: Four orthotopic nude mice models of human renal cell carcinoma were successfully established. Among these methods, ACHN subcutis orthotopic implantation into renal capsule is the most effective approach, which provides an ideal model for the research on biological behavior of human renal cell carcinoma and its treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706738

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of CD26 expression in endometrial carcinoma (EC) by testing CD26 expression in normal proliferative phase, in secretory phase, and in the tissues of different pathological grades of EC;and by investigating the solu-ble CD26 (sCD26) expression in the serum of non-EC patients and EC patients. Methods:Endometrial tissue specimens were collected from patients who received diagnostic curettage or surgical treatment for other reasons in the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong Universi-ty from January 2014 to December 2015. The above endometrial specimens, included 30 specimens of normal proliferative phase, 30 specimens of secretory phase, and 120 type I EC tissue samples of G1, G2, and G3 grades. The expression of CD26 among these speci-mens were detected by immunohistochemistry. After the expression level of the CD26 protein was verified at the tissue, we continued to collect blood specimens from the outpatients. These patients received physical examination, and included healthy women of child-bearing age and type I EC patients. The patients received treatment in our hospital from January 2016 to September 2017. Of the blood samples collected, 20 cases were in proliferative phase and 20 cases were in secretory phase. Samples were also collected from patients with different grades of EC, including 20 cases of type I EC G1 grades, 20 cases of G2 grades, and 15 cases of G3 grades. The expression level of sCD26 in serum was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results:According to the results of immunohistochemistry, the order of the CD26 expression levels in normal endometrial tissues were as follows:secretory phase>prolif-erative phase, with a statistically significant difference observed among these groups (P<0.05). The order of the CD26 expression level among different type 1 EC grades were as follows: G3>G2>G1, with statistically significant differences also observed among these groups (P<0.05). The results of ELISA suggested that the expression level of CD26 in serum was associated with tumor progression, with statistically significant differences observed among the groups (P<0.05). Conclusion:The expression of CD26 in EC tissue and se-rum is associated with disease progression. The expression of CD26 in serum could be used as a marker for the diagnosis of EC.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239580

ABSTRACT

To investigate the expression of microRNA (miRNA, miR) let-7e-3p in different cervical lesions and its clinical significance.The expression of miR-let-7e-3p in the tissues of normal cervix (=26), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) (=37), and cervix carcinoma (=101) were detected by reverse transcription and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The correlation of miR-let-7e-3p expression with the clinicopathological parameters of patients with cervical cancer was analyzed. miR-let-7e-3p mimic was transfected into cervical carcinoma Siha cells. The cell cycle and apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry; cell proliferation was determined by CCK-8 kit; and the migration and invasion of cells were determined by Transwell assay.The relative expression levels of miR-let-7e-3p in normal cervix, HSIL, and cervical carcinoma were 1.45±0.24, 0.79±0.05 and 0.46±0.04, respectively (all<0.05). After transfection with miR-let-7e-3p mimic, the S-phase fraction and apoptosis rate of Siha cells were increased significantly compared with control group[(29.76±6.6)% vs (13.38±1.3)%,<0.05; (5.98±1.38)% vs (3.53±0.79)%,<0.05, respectively]. OD of transfected Siha cells at 48, 72 and 96 h were 0.57±0.11,0.65±0.04 and 0.84±0.14, which were significantly lower than those of untransfected Siha cells (0.74±0.05, 0.93±0.10 and 1.47±0.14, all<0.05). The migration and invasion abilities of transfected Siha cells were not significantly changed (all>0.05).The expression of miR-let-7e-3p is down-regulated in cervical neoplasms, which is associated with cell cycle arrest and proliferation inhibition of cervical cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genetics , Carcinoma , Chemistry , Genetics , Cell Cycle , Genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Chemistry , Physiology , Cell Movement , Genetics , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Chemistry , Genetics , Down-Regulation , Physiology , Female , Humans , MicroRNAs , Pharmacology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Genetics , Neoplastic Processes , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transfection , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Chemistry , Genetics
6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 11-13, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452899

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between serum osteocalcin and parameters of glucose and lipid metabolism in elderly men.Methods The bone metabolism index such as serum osteocalcin was measured by electrochemiluminescence immunoas -say in 206 old male patients , incluiding 69 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus .The parameters of glucose and lipid metabolism were also measured and the correlation between the parameters and serum BGP were analyzed .Results Serum BGP and beta-CTx concen-trations were significantly lower in patients with type 2 diabetes than those in normal glucose tolerance group [ ( 9.57 ±4.74 )μg/L vs (13.22 ±10.35)μg/L, P <0.05;(0.25 ±0.19)μg/L vs (0.35 ±0.29)μg/L, P <0.05].Compared with the group in low level of BGP, fasting blood glucose and HbA1c were reduced in high-level-BGP group[(5.89 ±2.10)mmol/L vs (5.28 ±1.38)mmol/L, P<0.01;6.30%±1.03% vs 5.98%±0.61%, P <0.01].Triglyceride (TG) was positively correlated with serum BGP ( r =0.146, P =0.032).Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that TG and HbA 1c were independently associated with serum BGP level(β=1.995, P <0.01;β=-1.483, P <0.05).Conclusions Serum TG and HbA1c are independent factors related to serum BGP in elderly men .

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404006

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the therapeutic effect of repeated hepatectomy on recurrent hepatocellu-lar carcinoma and prognostic factors. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathologic data of 48 patients who underwent repeated hepatectomy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma between July 1995 and July 2003. Overall survival rate and disease-free survival (DFS) rate were calculated by Kaplan-Meier meth-od. Prognostic factors were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: The median survival of 48 patients was 36.4 months. The overall 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 81.3%, 45.8%, and 27.1%, re-spectively. The disease-free 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 70.8%, 25.0%, and 16.7%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that TNM stage of primary tumor, TNM stage of the recurrent tumor, vascular in-vasion, recurrent tumor size (>5cm) and recurrence-free interval were prognostic risk factors for overall surviv-al. While TNM stage of primary tumor, recurrent tumor size (>5cm), TNM stage of recurrent tumor, vascular in-vasion, pathological grading of recurrent tumor, preoperative AFP and recurrence-free interval were prognos-tic risk factors for DFS. Multivariate analysis showed that recurrence-free interval and TNM stage of recurrent tumor were independent prognostic risk factors for overall survival. While recurrence-frae interval and recur-rent tumor size (>5cm) were independent prognostic risk factors for DFS. Conclusion: Short recurrence-free in-terval (≤24 months), recurrent tumor size (>5cm) and TNM stage of recurrent tumor indicate poor prognosis of patients who received repeated hepatectomy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 449-451, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388429

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic outcomes between laparoscopic radical Rephrectomy and open radical nephrectomy for renal cancer. Methods A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed in Fujian Provincial Tumor Hospital from January 2006 to July 2009.Sixty-two cases were randomly divided into 2 groups:laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and open radical nephrectomy.Primary outcome(post-operative hospital stay)and second outcome(estimated blood loss,operative time,incision length,post-operative complications,recurrence,metastasis and survival)were compared between 2 groups. Results Post-operative hospital stay was(5.4±1.3)d in laparoscopic group and(8.1±2.2)d in open group(P<0.05).Median estimated blood loss was 100 ml in laparoseopic group and 200 ml in open group(P<0.05).There were no significant difference between teh 2 groups in operative time,post-operative complications,recurrence,metastasis and survival rates(P>0.05). Conclusion Laparoscopic nephrectomy could reduce hospital stay,which provides a minimally invasive approach for renal cancer.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383468

ABSTRACT

The "Assessment system for spiritual civilization development of service industries in Shanghai" is called into play to guide the survey of patients' satisfaction for service centers in hospital's outpatient clinics. Survey feedback recovered is analyzed with the key driving factors analysis model and the four-quadrant analysis. This practice identified the most critical areas to improve the satisfaction for such centers, providing theoretical references for constant quality improvement in hospitals, new insights for hospital branding, and guidelines for further health reforms.

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