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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 653-660, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992993

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) manifestations, cardiac function, and myocardial strain by feature tracking (FT) in Takayasu arteritis (TA) with pulmonary artery involvement (PTA) using cardiac MR (CMR), and then to investigate manifestations of the impaired myocardial structure and function.Methods:A retrospective study was performed on 32 patients with PTA and 21 healthy subjects without cardiopulmonary diseases from January 2017 to December 2020. All of them underwent CMR examinations. According to the presence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH),PTA patients were divided into two groups including PAH group (11 cases) and non-PAH group (21 cases). LGE manifestations were observed and Fisher exact test was used for statistical analysis between the two groups. Cardiac function parameters and FT values including global peak strain of the left and right ventricle were calculated separately in PAH, non-PAH group of patients and healthy controls, using One-way ANOVA or non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test for statistical analysis including a pairwise comparison between groups. The correlations between FT values of the PAH group and parameters measured by right heart catheterization test (RHC) and transthoracic echocardiography were analyzed using Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis.Results:There were 23 PTA patients (71.9%) with LGE. LGE in the interventricular insertion points (IPs)(11/11), and in the mid-wall (11/11) or epicardial (10/11) myocardium was more common ( P values were 0.006,<0.001 and 0.011, respectively) in PAH group, compared with LGE in the IPs (11/21), and in the mid-wall (7/21) or epicardial (9/21) myocardium in non-PAH group. The absolute values of left ventricular global peak circumferential strain (LVGPCS), left ventricular global peak longitudinal strain (LVGPLS) and right ventricular global peak longitudinal strain in PAH group were smaller than those in healthy subjects ( P<0.05). The absolute values of LVGPCS and LVGPLS in non-PAH group were smaller than those in healthy subjects ( P<0.05). In PAH group, mean pulmonary artery pressure of RHC was correlated with several FT parameters ( P<0.05), especially left ventricular global peak radial strain ( r=-0.807, P=0.009) and LVGPCS ( r s=0.817, P=0.007). Conclusions:Myocardial injury can be seen in PTA patients. And LGE in the IPs and LGE in the mid-wall or epicardial myocardium is more common in PTA patients with PAH. LVGPCS and LVGPLS can early indicate left heart dysfunction in PTA patients without PAH.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 266-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992958

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the imaging features of enhanced MRI in patients with central chronic pulmonary artery thromboembolism (CPTE) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR).Methods:Thirty-nine patients with CPTE who had contrast-enhanced MRI examination were retrospectively enrolled this study from January 2018 to December 2020. And 33 patients who received right heart catheterization were divided into two groups based on PVR=1 000 dyn·s·cm -5. The differences of imaging features of CPTE in enhanced MRI between the two groups were compared. The relationship between gender, duration of disease, age, pleural thickening, bilateral bronchial artery dilation, number of the involved vascular segments, number of thrombosis, number of the thrombus-related delayed enhancement of artery wall and PVR was analyzed by binary logistic regression. Results:In 39 patients with central CPTE, the dilated lumen (168, 43.30%) and delayed enhancement of wall (122, 31.52%) were found in most of pulmonary arteries. The rate of the lumen dilatation associated with thrombus was the highest among that of the lumen abnormality (66, 52.80%). There were more thrombi in PVR<1 000 dyn·s·cm -5 group than those in PVR≥1 000 dyn·s·cm -5 group (χ 2=9.55, P=0.002). There was no significant difference in the incidence of wall delayed enhancement associated the thrombus between the two groups (χ 2=0.90, P=0.344). The incidence of bilateral bronchial arterial dilatation in PVR<1 000 dyn·s·cm -5 group was higher than that in PVR≥1 000 dyn·s·cm -5 group ( P=0.019). Logistic regression analysis showed that female, the less number of involved vascular segments and bilateral bronchial artery dilation were correlated with the lower PVR. Conclusions:Enhanced MRI is helpful to accurately evaluate the lumen abnormality of pulmonary artery and wall remodeling in central CPTE, which is of great value for the assessment of patients′ conditions and treatment effect.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 113-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991917

ABSTRACT

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by abdominal pain associated with changes in defecation frequency and blood folate level. FODMAP stands for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols. High-FODMAP diet could elicit or exacerbate IBS-associated bowel symptoms, which is inadequately recognized among gastroenterologists in China. Here we report an IBS case, focusing on the association between high-FODMAP diet and bowel symptoms and the intervention of low-FODMAP diet.

4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 643-647, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810784

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the risk factors of positive vertical resection margin of the postoperative specimens after endoscopic treatment of rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NET).@*Methods@#A case-control study was performed. Clinical data of patients with rectal NET (G1) undergoing endoscopic treatment between January 2015 and June 2018 at the Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital were retrospectively collected. Inclusion criteria: cases underwent endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), whose mucosal specimens were pathologically confirmed as NET, and NET was confined to the rectum by nuclide imaging examination before endoscopic treatment. Those with incomplete clinical data or follow-up data were excluded. Resected specimen was fixed and sliced every 2 mm, and when tumor cells were found to infiltrate the vertical cutting edge, the positive vertical margin was defined. Associations of gender, age, resection method, tumor diameter, lesion morphology (nodular lesions, biopsy or post-treatment scar-like changes), mitotic figure, Ki-67 index, etc. and positive vertical margin were analyzed. Univariate analysis was performed using binary logistic analysis and multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression model.@*Results@#A total of 133 patients with rectal NET were enrolled, including 93 males and 40 females, with an average age of (50.0±10.7) years. Sixty-four patients received EMR treatment and 3 patients (4.7%) had positive vertical margins. While 69 patients received ESD treatment and 13 (18.8%) had positive vertical margins. After endoscopic treatment, 16 cases (12.0%) were vertical positive margin, including 11 males and 5 females with an average age of (52.4±10.4) years. The lesion diameter was (9.0±4.7) mm. Univariate analysis showed that lesion diameter ≥10 mm (χ2=5.575, P=0.018) and scar-like changes (χ2=3.894, P=0.048) were significantly associated with positive vertical margin. Multivariate analysis showed that the lesion diameter ≥10 mm (OR=10.136, 95%CI: 2.114 to 48.591, P=0.004) was an independent risk factor for positive vertical margin of the specimen after endoscopic treatment of rectal NET.@*Conclusion@#The diameter of rectal NET ≥10 mm indicates a high risk for positive vertical margin after endoscopic treatment.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2190-2193, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the toxicity effect of Jianpi shengxue granule on perinatal rats. METHODS:Based on body mass,pregnant rats were randomly divided into negative control group and Jianpi shengxue granule low-dose,medium-dose, high-dose groups(0.77,2.31,6.93 g/kg),21 in each group,and intragastrically given relevant medicines from the 15th d of preg-nancy until 21st d after delivery,once a day. Effects of Jianpi shengxue granule on general toxicity and fertility of maternal rats were observed,as well as the effects on athletic ability,learning and memory ability,fertility of F1 offspring and early viability of F2 offspring. RESULTS:In terms of toxicity effect on maternal rats,compared with control group,the days of pregnancy in Jianpi shengxue granule high-dose group was significantly prolonged(P0.05);there was no obvious effect on the indexes of offspring in Jianpi shengxue granule medium-dose,low-dose groups. CONCLUSIONS:The no toxic dose of Jianpi shengxue granule in maternal and offspring rats is 2.31 g/kg.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 493-496, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616664

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of dermoscopy in the diagnosis of genital condyloma acuminatum (CA) in men.Methods A total of 122 warts from 66 male patients with suspected genital CA were firstly diagnosed by experienced dermatologists according to macroscopic morphological characteristics of lesions and clinical history of patients.Afterwards,the warts were examined and diagnosed by dermoscopy,and the two diagnosis results were compared with histopathological findings.Results Of 122 suspected warts,100 were diagnosed as CA by naked-eye examination,112 as CA by dermoscopy and 114 as CA by pathological examination.When histopathological findings served as the gold standard,dermoscopy had a sensitivity of 97.4% and a specificity of 87.5%,and naked-eye examination had a sensitivity of 87.7% and a specificity of 100%.Under dermoscopy,most male genital warts were pink (98/114,86.0%) and papillary (98/114,86.0%),and had distinct vascular characteristics (107/114,95.5%),which mainly included pleomorphic vessels (102/114,89.5%) and punctate vessels (98/114,86.0%).Conclusion CA has characteristic structures under dermoscopy,so dermoscopy can be used for the diagnosis of genital CA in men.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2081-2086, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614456

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Donor selection for high-risk acute leukemia is still controversial.OBJECTIVE:To compare the therapeutic efficacy of the unrelated donor peripheral blood and matched sibling allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for high-risk acute leukemia.METHODS:Total 65 patients with high-risk acute leukemia treated during January 2008 to January 2016 were included,in which 30 patients chose the unrelated donor peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (UD), and other 35 chose the matched sibling allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (MS) according to the wishes of patients and their own situation. After treatment, the chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis method, and other methods were used to compare the implanted and hematopoietic reconstitution, the occurrence of graft-versus-host disease, relapse mortality and long-term survival between the two groups.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The implantation rate, platelet hematopoietic reconstitution time, the incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease, and its type exhibited no significant differences between the two groups (P > 0.05).The relapse rate, total death rate, and transplant-related mortality rates were 10.0%, 50.0%, and 40.0% in the UD group and 20.0%, 48.6%, and 25.7% in the MS groups, respectively, and the intergroup difference was insignificant (P > 0.05).The expected 2-year cumulative disease-free free survival and overall survival rates were (49.4±9.2)% and (52.6±9.2)% in the UD group and (53.9±8.5)% and (53.9±8.5)% in the MS group, respectively, and the intergroup difference was also insignificant (P > 0.05). Our experimental findings show that unrelated donor peripheral blood stem cell transplantation can be used as an effective alternative in the absence of sibling donors.

8.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 209-212, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the tonifying Qi and producing blood mechanism of Jianpi Shengxue tablets. Methods: SD rats were randomly divided into the normal group,FeSO4group, and low, medium and high dosage groups(0.65,1.3,2.6 g·kg-1). All the groups except the normal group received low iron diet,to induce anemia. After the two-week intragastric administration, real-time PCR was carried out to identify the changes of Hepcidin mRNA expression, while western blot was applied to test the changes of DMT-1 protein expression. Results:The medium and high dosage groups could significantly increase the DMT-1 expression compared with the normal group,while FeSO4 could reduced the DMT-1 expression. The Hepcidin expression in liver was increased along with the in-crease of the dosage. Conclusion:The Chinese medicine ingredients in Jianpi Shengxue tablets is beneficial to the expression of DMT-1 protein and the expression of Hepcidin mRNA in liver, which can finally improve the iron supply in the body.

9.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 32-38, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296220

ABSTRACT

We wished to study the intracellular transport of adenoviruses. We constructed a novel recombinant adenovirus in which the structural protein IX was labeled with a mini-singlet oxygen generator (miniSOG). The miniSOG gene was synthesized by overlapping extension polymerase chain reaction (PCR), cloned to the pcDNA3 vector, and expressed in 293 cells. Activation of miniSOG generated sufficient numbers of singlet oxygen molecules to catalyze polymerization of diaminobenzidine into an osmiophilic reaction product resolvable by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). To construct miniSOG-labelled recombinant adenoviruses, the miniSOG gene was subcloned downstream of the IX gene in a pShuttle plasmid. Adenoviral plasmid pAd5-IXSOG was generated by homologous recombination of the modified shuttle plasmid (pShuttle-IXSOG) with the backbone plasmid (pAdeasy-1) in the BJ5183 strain of Eschericia coli. Adenovirus HAdV-5-IXSOG was rescued by transfection of 293 cells with the linearized pAd5-IXSOG. After propagation, virions were purified using the CsC1 ultracentrifugation method. Finally, HAdV-5-IXSOG in 2.0 mL with a particle titer of 6 x 1011 vp/mL was obtained. Morphology of HAdV-5-IXSOG was verified by TEM. Fusion of IX with the miniSOG gene was confirmed by PCR. In conclusion, miniSOG-labeled recombinant adenoviruses were constructed, which could be valuable tools for virus tracking by TEM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoviruses, Human , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Arabidopsis Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Flavoproteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Phototropins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Singlet Oxygen , Chemistry , Staining and Labeling , Transfection
10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 101-104, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488043

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the blood flow characteristics of the proximal pulmonary arteries in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) by 3.0T PC-MRI. Methods Twenty seven patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (7 IPAH patients and 20 CTEPH patients) were prospectively included. Twenty healthy volunteers were enrolled as the control group. All subjects underwent PC-MRI. PC-MRI derived parameters included peak, mean velocity and mean flow of main pulmonary artery (MPA), left/right pulmonary artery (LPA/RPA), left/right interlobar pulmonary artery (LIPA/RIPA). Right heart catheterization was performed in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. The parameters among CTEPH, IPAH group and control group were compared by one way analysis of variance. Results There were significant differences for peak velocity, mean velocity and mean flow among CTEPH, IPAH group and control group (F=4.13—102.81, all P<0.05). There was significant difference for peak velocity in RPA between CTEPH[(32.0 ± 7.8)cm/s] and IPAH group[(50.0±15.0)cm/s]. There was no difference for mean velocity between CTEPH and IPAH group. The mean flow between CTEPH and IPAH group was statistically different[MPA: (74.3 ± 20.8) ml/s versus (61.3±16.7) ml/s, LPA:(29.3±12.7) ml/s versus (23.2±11.2) ml/s, RPA:(43.5±17.4) ml/s versus (56.8±13.5) ml/s, LIPA: (19.2 ± 8.0) ml/s versus (12.1 ± 5.8) ml/s, all P<0.05]. Conclusion There is significantly different characteristics for the hemodynamics of the proximal pulmonary arteries between CTEPH group and IPAH group. 3.0T PC-MRI may effectively detect the pulmonary hemodynamic changes.

11.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 515-523, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296254

ABSTRACT

Human adenovirus type 41 (HAdV-41) is considered to be a "fastidious adenovirus". E1-deleted HAdV-41 cannot be rescued or amplified in 293 cells. To propagate recombinant HAdV-41 in 293 cells, the backbone plasmid pAdbone41 was reconstructed. That is, the E3 coding sequence of HAdV-41 was deleted and replaced with the HAdV-5 E4orf6 gene; and the E1A enhancer of HAdV-5 was inserted upstream of the E4 promoter of HAdV-41. Novel adenoviral plasmid pAd41E4EE-GFP was generated by homologous recombination of the shuttle plasmid pSh41-GFP with the modified backbone plasmid in the Escherichia coli BJ5183 strain. Adenovirus HAdV-41-E4EE-GFP was rescued by transfecting 293 cells with linearized pAd41E4EE-GFP. After seven rounds of propagation, viruses were purified by the CsCl ultracentrifugation method. HAdV-41-E4EE-GFP in 1.0 ml with a particle titer of 8 x 10(10) vp/mL was obtained which had a particle-to-infectious ratio of 50 : 1. The genome of HAdV-41-E4EE-GFP was confirmed by restriction analyses and polymerase chain reaction. These results showed that a novel HAdV-41 vector system was established in which recombinant HAdV-41 could be constructed and packaged in 293 cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoviruses, Human , Genetics , Physiology , Cell Line , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Physiology , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Plasmids , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombination, Genetic , Transfection , Virus Assembly
12.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 191-195, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466160

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate right ventricular systolic function in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) by real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT-3DE),and compared with cardiac magnetic resonance.Methods A total of 23 patients with PH who underwent MRI and echocardiography in the study.Right ventricular index of myocardial performance (RIMP),fractional area change (RVFAC),tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and tissue Doppler-derived tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity (S') were measured by echocardiography.RV end-diastolic volume (RVEDV) and endsystolic volume (RVESV) were measured by RT-3DE and cardiac magnetic resonance and RV ejection fraction (RVEF) was calculated.Results A positive correlation was found between RVFAC and RVEF (r =0.595,P =0.003),there was a negative correlation between RIMP and RVEF (r =-0.745,P =0.000),has no correlation between TAPSE and RVEF (r =-0.029,P =0.896),a positive correlation was found between S' and RVEF (r =0.489,P =0.018).There were close correlation between RVEDV,RVESV and RVEF measured by RT-3DE and MRI (P <0.001,respectively);Bland-Altman analyses showed good agreement between them.Conclusions RT-3DE can noninvasive,accurate assessment right ventricular systolic function in patients with PH,and provide prognosis and treatment choice for clinical demands.

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 802-805, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261626

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between dyslipidemia and the level of 8-OHdG/Cr in urine among a population exposed to chronic arsenic.Methods Four hundred and seven subjects were randomly selected in an arsenic-affected area in Inner Mongolia.After blood biochemical examination,all the subjects were divided into 4 groups based on the results of total cholesterol (TC),triglycerides (TG),high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C).The groups consisted of hypercholesterolemia,HDL-C ratio anomaly,combined hypercholesterolemia and HDL-C ratio anomaly,as well as a normal lipid group.Urine samples were collected and 8-OHdG/Cr was measured using the ELISA method.A generalized linear mixed model was used to analyze the association between dyslipidemia and 8-OHdG/Cr.Results The levels of 8-OHdG/Cr as 55.73 (39.90-79.94) ng/mg,58.08 (44.94-69.91) ng/mg,65.28 (49.29-92.95) ng/mg and 51.43 (36.86-68.57)ng/mgin the HDL-C ratio anomaly,hypercholesterolemia,combined hypercholesterolemia and HDL-C ratio anomaly groups and the control group,respectively,which showed significant differences on the levels of 8-OHdG/Cr in the four groups (P=0.006).From the linear regression analysis results showed that the 8-OHdG/Cr level incombined hypercholesterolemia and HDL-C ratio anomaly group was higher (4.25 ± 0.55 ng/mg) than in the control group (3.96 ± 0.55 ng/mg) (P=0.018).After adjusting for important covariates,there was a linear trend between the levels of 8-OHdG/Cr and dyslipidemia (P=0.016).Conclusion Data from our study showed a linear relation between hypercholesterolemia,HDL-C ratio anomaly and the 8-OHdG/Cr level,suggesting that dyslipidemia was associated with oxidative DNA damage among those arsenic-affected people.

14.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 737-740, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466130

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate right ventricular function of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) patients by echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR),and to evaluate the value of clinical application of those right heart function indexes.Methods 32 patients with CTEPH who underwent CMR and echocardiography were involved in the study.Right ventricular index of myocardial performance (RIMP),fractional area change (FAC),tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and tissue Doppler-derived tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity (S') were measured by echocardiography.Right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDV) and end-systolic volume (RVESV) were measured by cardiac magnetic resonance and right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) was calculated.Results A positive correlation was found between FAC and RVEF (r =0.423,P =0.022),there was a negative correlation between RIMP and RVEF (r =-0.387,P =0.048),there was no correlation between TAPSE and RVEF (r =0.451,P =0.22),a positive correlation was found between S' and RVEF (r =0.689,P =0.000).Conclusions The echocardiographic parameters FAC,RIMP and S' can reflect right ventricular function in patients with CTEPH and can be used as a routine clinical parameters.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 200-204, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418366

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the relationship between characteristic damages in white matter and its executive dysfunction by magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in the patients with leukoaraiosis (LA). Methods A total of 23 patients with LA and 19 age,sex and education-matched healthy people as control were enrolled.Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA),Stroop test,trail making test (TMT),digit-symbol test(DST),verbal fluence (VF) were applied to assess cognitive and executive functions.Fractional anisotropy (FA),apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and mean diffusivity (MD) in white matter lesion (WML) and normal appearing white matter (NAWM) were measured in LA group,the bilateral centrum semiovale,anterior and posterior periventricular white matter in control group were measured by DTI. The white matter DTI parameters were compared between the groups, the relationship between DTI parameters and executive function was investigated in LA group. Results In LA patients,distinct executive dysfunction were found.The scores of Stroop B [(69.4± 13.4) vs.(43.3 ± 5.0),t =8.03,P<0.05)],Stroop C [(141.4±42.1) vs.(65.4±10.3),t=7.66,P<0.05)]and Stroop C B[ (72.0±41.4) vs.(22.1±9.6),t=5.13,P<0.05)],TMT-A[(73.2±15.3)vs.(31.2±7.2),t 10.97,P<0.05) ],TMTB[(125.6±18.0) vs.(81.6±5.9),t=10.22,P<0.05) ] andDST[ (24.8±5.6 )vs.(36.8±5.1),t=7.19,P<0.05) ] were inferior in LA group to control group.The values of FA in centrum semiovale [(0.2±0.1) vs.(0.4±0.1) and (0.4±0.1),F =45.08,P<0.05)],anterior periventricular white matter [(0.2±0.0) vs.(0.4±0.1) and (0.4±0.1),F =70.11,P<0.05)] and posterior perivcntricular white matter[ (0.3±0.1) vs.(0.4±0.1) and (0.4±0.1),F=8.54,P<0.05) ]of WML were reduced as compared with those of NAWM and control group.The values of ADC(×10- 3mm2/s) in the above three regions of WML [(1.2±0.2) vs.(0.8±0.1) and (0.8±0.1),F=46.77,P<0.05)],[(1.2±0.3) vs.(0.8±0.0) and (0.8±0.1),F=68.22,P<0.05)]and [(1.4±0.3) vs.(0.8±0.0) and (0.9±0.1),F=17.08,P<0.05) ] were elevated,as compared with those of NAWM and control group,and the values of MD ( × 10-5 mm2/s) in the three regions of WML[ (127.8±14.5) vs. (95.3±26.4) and (100.8±9.4),F 19.72,P<0.05) ],[(127.4±16.0) vs.(101.8±13.9) and (93.4±5.6),F=39.26,P<0.05) ] and [(134.4±21.2)vs.(114.8=14.5) and (114.4±11.7),F=10.66,P<0.05) ]were also increased,as compared with those of NAWM and control group.There was negative correlation of FA with Stroop C-B (r=-0.46,P<0.05),TMT-A (r=-0.48,P<0.05) and TMT-B (r=0.46,P<0.05),while FA was positively related with DST test (r=0.42,P<0.05) in anterior periventricular white matter.Conclusions DTI can detect the characteristic damages of white matter,which is strongly related with executive function impairments possibly induced by the damage of prefrontal-subcortical loop in the patients with LA.

16.
China Oncology ; (12): 729-734, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405623

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: It has been reported that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and epidermal growth factor receptor variant Ⅲ (EGFRv Ⅲ) play important roles in the progression of various cancers. This research was to detect the expression and relation of EGFR and epidermal growth factor receptor variant Ⅲ (EGFRv Ⅲ) to human esophageal carcinoma. Methods: In 66 human esophageal carcinoma tissues, the expression of EGFR and EGFRv Ⅲ were detected by imrnunohistochemistry and western-blot. The expression of EGFR and EGFRv Ⅲ along with the patients' clinicopathologic factors was retrospectively analyzed. Correlation analysis between EGFRv Ⅲ and EGFR was analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: The average gray scale values of EGFR in esophageal carcinoma and normal tissues by immunohistochemistry were 25.4±3.2 and 5.0±3.5, which showed a significant difference (t=5.574, P=0.000). And the average gray scale values of EGFRv Ⅲ in esophageal carcinoma and normal tissues were 22.5±4.2 and 5.5±3.0, which also showed a significant difference (t=6.701,P=0.000). The average gray scale values of EGFR in esophageal carcinoma and normal tissues respectively by western-blot were 1.37±0.41 and 0.21±0.09, which showed a significant difference (t=10.704, P=0.000) And the average gray scale values of EGFRv Ⅲ respectively were 0.828±0.15 and 0.083±0.049, which had a significant difference (t=9.362, P=0.000). Significant differences were observed in TNM-stage, lymphatic metastasis and tumor classification in both the expression of EGFR (P<0.05) and EGFRv Ⅲ (P<0.05), and but there were no obvious differences in gender, age, minor size, growth pattern in both the expression of EGFR (P<0.05) and EGFRvⅢ (P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed that there was strong association of the expression between EGFR and EGFRv Ⅲ both detected by immunohistochemistry (r=0.701,P<0.0001) and western-blot respectively(r=0.556, P=0.031). Conclusion: Our data suggests that EGFRvⅢ is over-expressed in human esophageal carcinoma. Combination of EGFR and EGFRvⅢ could be useful markers for tumorgenesis and differentiation of human esophageal carcinoma.

17.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1778-1781, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405152

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the spatial variation of T2 relaxation time of cartilage of knee in healthy adults.Methods T2 values of cartilage of knee in 21 asymptomatic young male adults ( age ranged 24 to 39 years ; mean age , 30 years) were calculated by using a multiecho,spin-echo MR imaging sequence at 1.5T MR scanner on sagittal T2 maps,including the patellar,distal femoral weight and non-weight-bearing as well as proximal tibial weight-bearing cartilages,the differences in the spatial variation between them were analysed using F test.Results All 21 asymptomatic volunteers demonstrated a consistent pattern of spatial variation of T2 values cartilage of knee with longer T2 values near the subchondral bone,decreased in deep zoon and increased in articular surface , there was difference between them (F=70.892 , P<0.05 ) . The greates spatial variation occurred in the patella.T2 value(26.56 ms±4.4 ms) in the deeper zoon of cartilage of the patella was obviously lower than that of the weight-and non-weight-bearing articular cartilage (P = 0.001 ) . Lateral femoral weight-bearing articular cartilage showed lower T2 value ( 35.2 ms ± 6.31 ms) in the outer transitional superficial zone than thatof the patella and non-weight-bearing cartilage,P=0.002,P=0.000 respectively.Lateral tibial weight-bearing articular cartilage showed showed lower T2 value(37.11 ms±6.6 ms)in the outer transitional superficial zone than that of non-weight-bearing cartilage(P=0.000). Conclusion The spatial variation of T2 relaxation time of cartilage of knee in the vivo in the asymptomatic young adults is like slightly concave curve at 1.5T MR system,that is of reference value in study of degenerative osteoarthritis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12)2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540786

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the changes in the expression of discoidin domain receptor 2(DDR2)and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 in different stages of cartilage and synovium damage of osteoarthritis rats.The relation between DDR2 and the degree of cartilage damage was explored.Methods Modified papain knee joint injection approach was adopted to establish animal model of OA.The expression and distribution of protein of DDR2 and MMP-13 were checked in articular cartilage and synovium at different stages of OA.Results The expressions of DDR2 in articular cartilage and synovium of experimental groups were different from those of the normal group (P<0.01).They were higher in cartilage than those in the corresponding synovium.The expressions of MMP-13 demonstrated the same characteristics with those of DDR2,r=0.93(P<0.01).Conclusions The important role of DDR2-MMP-13 in cartilage damage has been proven in the pathogenic process of OA.The upregulated expressions of DDR2 in articular cartilage and synovium have a detrimental effect on cartilage degeneration.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 942-947, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393170

ABSTRACT

elayed contrast enhanced MRI showed significant different pooled sensitivity in comparison to low-dese dobutamine stress echocardiography.

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