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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2400-2404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904956

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression level of serum miR-486-5p in patients with pancreatic cancer and the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Methods A total of 60 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from September 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled, among whom 32 patients had resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (operable group) and 28 had unresectable pancreatic cancer (non-operable group), and a benign pancreatic disease group with 30 patients and a healthy control group with 44 individuals were also established. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the serum level of miR-486-5p in each group, and the relative expression level of miR-486-5p was calculated to analyze its association with the clinical features of pancreatic cancer, including age, sex, tumor location, tumor size, TNM stage, lymphatic metastasis, and distant metastasis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous variables between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the combined predictive value and then investigate the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Results The relative expression level of serum miR-486-5p in the operable group [2.16 (1.38~3.30)] and the non-operable group [4.65 (2.80~9.90)] was significantly higher than that in the benign pancreatic disease group [1.01 (0.52~1.53)] and the healthy control group [0.99 (0.24~1.01)] (all P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the number of patients with low or high expression of miR-486-5p between the patients with different TNM stages, presence or absence of lymphatic metastasis, and presence or absence of distant metastasis ( χ 2 =13.765, 5.157, and 6.638, all P < 0.05). Compared with CA19-9 alone, miR-486-5p+CA19-9 had a significantly better value in distinguishing the operable group from the benign pancreatic disease group (area under the ROC curve [AUC]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.760-0.942; with a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 83.3%), distinguishing the operable group from the healthy control group (AUC=0.92, 95% CI : 0.836-0.970; with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 86.4%), and distinguishing the operable group from the non-operable group (AUC=0.94, 95% CI : 0.884-0.998; with a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 93.7%) ( Z =2.841, 2.510, and 2.387, all P < 0.05), and the optimal cut-off values were 3.12, 3.21, and 6.63, respectively. Conclusion MiR-486-5p can be used as a serum biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 has a better clinical value than CA19-9 alone in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer in the patients with benign pancreatic diseases and the healthy population.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2400-2404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904906

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression level of serum miR-486-5p in patients with pancreatic cancer and the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Methods A total of 60 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from September 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled, among whom 32 patients had resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (operable group) and 28 had unresectable pancreatic cancer (non-operable group), and a benign pancreatic disease group with 30 patients and a healthy control group with 44 individuals were also established. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the serum level of miR-486-5p in each group, and the relative expression level of miR-486-5p was calculated to analyze its association with the clinical features of pancreatic cancer, including age, sex, tumor location, tumor size, TNM stage, lymphatic metastasis, and distant metastasis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous variables between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the combined predictive value and then investigate the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Results The relative expression level of serum miR-486-5p in the operable group [2.16 (1.38~3.30)] and the non-operable group [4.65 (2.80~9.90)] was significantly higher than that in the benign pancreatic disease group [1.01 (0.52~1.53)] and the healthy control group [0.99 (0.24~1.01)] (all P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the number of patients with low or high expression of miR-486-5p between the patients with different TNM stages, presence or absence of lymphatic metastasis, and presence or absence of distant metastasis ( χ 2 =13.765, 5.157, and 6.638, all P < 0.05). Compared with CA19-9 alone, miR-486-5p+CA19-9 had a significantly better value in distinguishing the operable group from the benign pancreatic disease group (area under the ROC curve [AUC]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.760-0.942; with a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 83.3%), distinguishing the operable group from the healthy control group (AUC=0.92, 95% CI : 0.836-0.970; with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 86.4%), and distinguishing the operable group from the non-operable group (AUC=0.94, 95% CI : 0.884-0.998; with a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 93.7%) ( Z =2.841, 2.510, and 2.387, all P < 0.05), and the optimal cut-off values were 3.12, 3.21, and 6.63, respectively. Conclusion MiR-486-5p can be used as a serum biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 has a better clinical value than CA19-9 alone in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer in the patients with benign pancreatic diseases and the healthy population.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 673-679, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878592

ABSTRACT

Nucleic acid detection technique has good sensitivity and specificity and is widely used in in vitro diagnosis, animal and plant commodity quarantine, forensic identification, and other fields. However, it is susceptible to carryover contamination during the operation and leads to false-positive results, which seriously affects the detection accuracy. Therefore, finding an effective solution to prevent and eliminate nucleic acid carryover contamination has become particularly urgent. This study compared several different methods for removing nucleic acid contamination and confirmed that sodium hypochlorite solution and PCRguard reagent could effectively eliminate nucleic acid carryover in the liquid and on surfaces of different materials. Besides, the combination of sodium hypochlorite solution and PCRguard can solve the nucleic acid aerosol contamination. This study proposes solutions for the routine prevention of carryover contamination and removal of aerosol that has occurred in molecular diagnostic laboratories.


Subject(s)
Laboratories , Nucleic Acids , Pathology, Molecular
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of serum miR-224-5p in PDAC and its significance for early clinical diagnosis.Methods:From August 2018 to April 2020, 40 patients with PDAC (11 patients with early PDAC, 29 patients with advanced PDAC), 21 patients with chronic pancreatitis and 40 healthy volunteer controls admitted in Qingdao Municipal Hospital were enrolled. The level of serum miR-224-5p in each group was detected by qRT-PCR method, and the correlation with clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve of miR-224-5p, CA19-9 and miR-224-5p combined with CA19-9 were drawn, and the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnosis were calculated.Results:The serum miR-224-5p levels in early PDAC group, middle and late PDAC group, chronic pancreatitis group and healthy control group were 3.21(2.01, 4.60), 4.70(3.50, 8.26), 1.72(1.02, 2.78) and 1.38(0.89, 2.11), respectively; and the level of serum miR-224-5p in the middle and late PDAC group was significantly higher than that in the early PDAC group, and that in the early PDAC group was significantly higher than that in the chronic pancreatitis group and the healthy control group, and all the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The sensitivity of serum miR-224-5p combined with CA19-9, miR-224-5p, and CA19-9 in the diagnosis of overall PDAC was 95.0%, 85.0% and 67.5%, respectively; and the specificity was 70.0%, 82.5% and 87.5%, respectively. The sensitivity for early PDAC was 90.9%, 72.7% and 63.6%, and the specificity was 85.0%, 72.5% and 87.5%, respectively. MiR-224-5p combined with CA19-9 has the highest specificity in the diagnosis of PDAC. The level of serum miR-224-5p in patients with PDAC was correlated with TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis (all P values <0.05). Conclusions:The expression of serum miR-224-5p was significantly up-regulated in patients with early PDAC, and The level of serum miR-224-5p in patients with PDAC was correlated with TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. The sensitity of serum miR-224-5p and miR-224-5p combined with CA19-9 for early PDAC diagnosis were superior to CA19-9 alone, which can be used as a potential sensitive biological marker for early screening of PDAC.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2206-2215, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878479

ABSTRACT

Dengue virus (DENV) is the most widely transmitted arbovirus in the world. Due to the lack of diagnostic technology to quickly identify the virus serotypes in patients, severe dengue hemorrhagic fever cases caused by repeated infections remain high. To realize the rapid differential diagnosis of different serotypes of DENV infection by immunological methods, in this study, four DENV serotype NS1 proteins were expressed and purified in mammalian cells. Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against NS1 protein were obtained by hybridoma technology after immunizing BALB/c mice. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, indirect immunofluorescence assay, dot blotting, and Western blotting were used to confirm the reactivity of MAbs to viral native NS1 and recombinant NS1 protein. These MAbs include not only the universal antibodies that recognize all DENV 1-4 serotype NS1, but also serotype-specific antibodies against DENV-1, DENV-2 and DENV-4. Double antibody sandwich ELISA was established based on these antibodies, which can be used to achieve rapid differential diagnosis of serotypes of DENV infection. Preparation of DENV serotype-specific MAbs and establishment of an ELISA technology for identifying DENV serotypes has laid the foundation for the rapid diagnosis of DENV clinical infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibodies, Viral/metabolism , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue Virus/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serogroup , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1736-1742, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242458

ABSTRACT

Understanding inter-species transmission of influenza viruses is an important research topic. Scientists try to identify and evaluate the functional factors determining the host range of influenza viruses by generating the recombinant viruses through reverse genetics in laboratories, which reveals the viruses' molecular mechanisms of infection and transmission in different species. Therefore, the reverse genetic method is a very important tool for further understanding the biology of influenza viruses and will provide the insight for the prevention and treatment of infections and transmission. However, these recombinant influenza viruses generated in laboratories will become the potential threat to the public health and the environment. In this paper, we discussed the biological safety issues of recombinant influenza viruses and suggested we should set up protocols for risk management on research activities related to recombinant highly pathogenic influenza viruses.


Subject(s)
Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype , Genetics , Laboratories , Microbiology , Orthomyxoviridae , Genetics , Public Health , Reassortant Viruses , Genetics , Recombination, Genetic , Safety
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 704-711, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324547

ABSTRACT

As a member of the HSP90 family, heat shock protein (HSP) Gp96 is one of the most abundant proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), which displayed important molecular chaperones function in cells. Gp96 can stimulate the production of cytokines by activating the antigen presentation cells (such as dendritic cell, et al) in innate immunity. It is capable of eliciting an antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) immune response to eliminate pathogens and tumors by facilitating antigen cross-presentation in adaptive immunity. Gp96 is also an ideal adjuvant in many recent researches. Here, we review the progress that addresses the role of biological characteristics, immunogenic mechanism that may be involved in the induction of anti-infection immune response and antitumor immunity, which may guide the new vaccine strategies with the knowledge of Gp96-antigen complexes.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic , Genetics , Metabolism , Antigen-Presenting Cells , Physiology , Communicable Diseases , Allergy and Immunology , Dendritic Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Endoplasmic Reticulum , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Membrane Glycoproteins , Allergy and Immunology , Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1556-1560, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275322

ABSTRACT

Both IFN-omega and IFN-alpha belong to type I interferon and have antiviral, antiproliferative, immunomodulatory activities, but their bioactivities are usually different. FeIFN-omega gene was amplified by PCR. FeIFN-alpha gene was synthesized based on the published sequences of GenBank. Then the two types of feline interferon genes were subcloned into the pET-His vector, and expressed in Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3). Recombinant interferons were purified by affinity chromatography with immobilized nickel chelating NTA (Ni-NTA) and their antiviral activity was estimated according to the ability of IFNs to inhibit the cytopathic effects (CPE) of virus on cells. Results showed that the antiviral activities against various viruses of FeIFN-omega were higher than those of FeIFN-alpha. Against H9N2 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) and canine distemper virus (CDV), the antiviral activities of FeIFN-omega were 160 folds and 4 folds higher than those of FeIFN-alpha.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Cats , Distemper Virus, Canine , Influenza A Virus, H9N2 Subtype , Interferon Type I , Genetics , Pharmacology , Interferon-alpha , Genetics , Pharmacology
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