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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697334

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of free postnatal delivery in the second stage of labor, and to provide evidence for clinical midwifery. Methods From March 2016 to November 2017, 120 maternity patients from the First People′s Hospital of Hefei were selected and divided into research group and control group, using simple random grouping and the method of random number table, with 60 cases in each group. At the second stage of delivery, the research group used free body position at different stages, while the control group took the position of supine bladder lithotomy position. The delivery outcome, duration of the second stage, postpartum vaginal bleeding within two hours, newborn asphyxia rate, degree of perineal laceration, perineum incision rate, delivery comfort and satisfaction and midwives job satisfaction were compared. Results The vaginal delivery rate of the research group was 96.7%(58/60), which was higher than that of the control group 86.7% (52/60). The difference was statistically significant (χ2=3.93, P<0.05). The duration of the second stage in the research group was (31.97 ± 9.85) minutes, and that of the control group was (39.50 ± 12.19) minutes. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (t=-3.357, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in neonatal asphyxia rate and the amount of postpartum vaginal bleeding within 2 hours between the two groups (P>0.05). The perineum integrity rate in the research group was 10.4%(6/58), higher than that in the control group, which was 0. Perineal side cut rate in the research group was 0, lower than that in the control group, which was 21.1%(11/52). The difference was statistically significant (χ2=11.31, 13.63, P<0.05). Deliverycomfort, delivery satisfaction and midwives job satisfaction in the research group were 91.7% (55/60), 100.0% (60/60) and 100.0% (60/60) respectively, while delivery comfort, delivery satisfaction and midwives job satisfaction in the control group were 38.3%(23/60), 83.3%(50/60) and 76.7%(46/60). The differences were statistically significant (χ2=37.51, 10.91, 15.85, P<0.05). Conclusion The second labor stage free position is effective safe childbirth way of delivery, which can improve the natural births, shorten the labor, lighten the perineal injury, improve the puerpera childbirth comfort and satisfaction, it also raised the midwives job satisfaction, and had no adverse effect on maternal and infant outcomes, so the method has clinical application and dissemination value.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617171

ABSTRACT

Objective To determinate the heavy metal cadmium content in rice to ensure food safety.Methods Several brands and batch numbers of rice were collected and divided into groups A and B.Group A contained 24 pieces of rice from the canteens,and group B involved in 22 pieces from the farm product markets.Cadmium content in rice was detected quantitatively with X-ray fluorescence spectrometer,and then evaluated according to GB 2762-2012 which determined rice was not qualified in case cadmium content was more than 0.2 mg/kg.Results Group A had cadmium content between 0.00 and 0.477 mg/kg,the times of ultra standard being 2.385 and the disqualification rate being 29.2% (7/24),and group B had cadmium content between 0.065 and 0.619 mg/kg,the times of ultra standard being 3.095 and the disqualification rate being 68.2% (15/22).Excessive cadmium content in rice occurred in both canteens and markets,while the canteens was better than the markets.Conclusion X-ray fluorescence spectrometer detects cadmium content in rice rapidly and simply,and is worthy promoting in elementary facilities.

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