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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1855-1863, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007523

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although the need for consolidation chemotherapy after successful induction therapy is well established in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR1), the value of consolidation chemotherapy before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains controversial.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively compared the effect of the number of pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapies on outcomes of human leukocyte antigen-matched sibling stem cell transplantation (MSDT) for patients with AML in CR1 in multicenters across China. In our study, we analyzed data of 373 AML patients in CR1 from three centers across China.@*RESULTS@#With a median follow-up of 969 days, patients with ≥ 3 courses of consolidation chemotherapy had higher probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) (85.6% vs . 67.0%, P < 0.001) and overall survival (89.2% vs . 78.5%, P  = 0.007), and better cumulative incidences of relapse (10.5% vs . 19.6%, P  = 0.020) and non-relapse mortality (4.2% vs . 14.9%, P  = 0.001) than those with ≤ 2 courses of consolidation chemotherapy. Pre-transplantation minimal residual disease-negative patients with AML in CR1 who received MSDT with ≥ 3 courses of consolidation chemotherapy had a higher probability of LFS (85.9% vs . 67.7%, P  = 0.003) and a lower cumulative incidence of relapse (9.6% vs . 23.3%, P  = 0.013) than those with ≤ 2 courses.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results indicate that patients with AML in CR1 who received MSDT might benefit from pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Consolidation Chemotherapy/methods , Siblings , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/etiology , HLA Antigens , Allografts
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1472-1477, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical and prognostic characteristics of primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with 11q23/KMT2A rearrangements.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 90 patients with primary AML and 11q23/KMT2A rearrangements were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#By karyotyping analysis, 80 of the 90 patients had translocations involving 11q23/KMT2A, with t(9;11)(p22;q23), t(6;11)(q27;q23), t(10;11)(p12;q23) and t(11;19)(q23;p13) being the most common ones, while 10 cases were found to have non-translocation abnormalities. The overall complete remission (CR) rate was 75.6%, and patients with t(6;11) had lower CR rate compared with non-t(6;11) patients (47.1% vs. 82.2%, P = 0.005). After a median follow-up of 24.5 months, the patients receiving allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) had significantly higher 3-year overall survival (OS) (80.3% vs. 16.6%, P < 0.001) and 3-year event-free survival (EFS) (73.5% vs. 16.3%, P < 0.001) compared with non-transplant patients. Patients with t(6;11) had the lowest 3-year OS (11.8% vs. 56.0%, P < 0.001) and 3-year EFS (5.9% vs. 53.8%, P < 0.001) compared with other type of abnormalities. No significant difference was noted in the survival between patients with t(9;11) and non-t(9;11) regardless whether they had received HSCT.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical characteristics of primary AML with 11q23/KMT2A rearrangements are heterogeneous. Patients did not receive HSCT had poorer survival, particularly with the presence of t(6;11). Allo-HSCT could significantly improve the survival of such patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Translocation, Genetic , Gene Rearrangement , Prognosis
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 257-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique for the verification of the clonalities of non-clonal cytogenetic abnormalities (n-CCA) identified by conventional chromosome banding analysis (CBA) in patients with Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).@*METHODS@#Clinical data and results of karyotyping and FISH assays for 91 patients of MDS with n-CCA identified by CBA were retrospectively analyzed. In total 94 non-clonal +8, 5q-, -7/7q- or 20q- were detected by CBA, among which 43 (45.7%) were verified to be clonal abnormalities by FISH.@*RESULTS@#The detection rates for +8, 5q-, -7/7q- and 20q- by FISH were 47.6% (30/63), 25% (2/8), 41.7% (5/12), 40% (2/5) and 66.7% (4/6), respectively, with the positive cells accounting for 4% to 90% of all counted cells, with a median value of 7%. The 91 patients were divided into three groups including ≥ 20, 10 ~< 20 and < 10 based on the numbers of metaphase cells in CBA, and the detection rates by FISH for the three groups were 43.7% (31/71), 33.3% (3/9) and 63.6% (7/11), respectively, which showed no statistically difference (P > 0.05). Continuous CBA and FISH surveys were conducted for 26 patients who received supportive treatment, and the results revealed that 91.7% (11/12) of FISH-verified positive abnormalities had persisted, whereas 92.9% (13/14) of the n-CCA verified as negative by FISH was transient.@*CONCLUSION@#Nearly half of the CBA identified n-CCA have been verified as clonal aberrations by FISH, and the FISH detection rate showed no correlation with the number of metaphase cells. FISH test is strongly recommended for verifying the clonalities of n-CCA detected by CBA, and continuous cytogenetic survey of the patients with MDS is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1012-1016, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994419

ABSTRACT

This is a report of three cases of three male patients. One of the patients had myelodysplastic syndrome, and two had aplastic anemia; their ages were 28, 32, and 21 years old, respectively. Two patients underwent sibling allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and one underwent haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. All the patients showed elevated hemoglobin and hematocrit at 6, 16, and 9 months after transplantation, with normal white blood cells and platelets and no splenomegaly. All causes of secondary polycythemia were ruled out. Bone marrow morphology showed no erythroid hyperplasia. The PCR result for BCR-ABL (P210, P230, P190, and variants) was negative, and there were no mutations at the amino acid site 617 of JAK2, exon 12 of JAK2, exon 9 of CALR, and amino acid site 515 of MPL. All three patients had hypertension. One patient was treated with amlodipine, and the other two patients were treated with angiotensin receptor blockers. The durations of erythrocytosis for these three patients were 6 years and 3 months, 4 years and 7 months, and 5 years and 3 months, respectively through December 2022. There was no tendency for spontaneous remission. Erythrocytosis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a rare complication. Previous reports in the literature suggest that the mechanism of post-transplant erythrocytosis in recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be different from that of recipients of other transplants.

5.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 163-168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994396

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of human adenovirus (HAdV) infection in patients with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:This is a retrospective case series study. Patients who received allo-HSCT and had symptoms of HAdV infection were tested in the Hematology Department at Perking University People′s Hospital from August 2015 to October 2019. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect HAdV DNA from 2 728 patients with potential infection. HAdV DNA-positive patients were defined as having HAdV infection. The clinical features of these patients were analyzed, and a case-pair method was used to select patients without HAdV infection as the control group in a 1∶3 ratio. The clinical results of the two groups were compared using Kaplan-Meier and Log-rank testing.Results:A total of 7 119 samples were tested for HAdV, of which 99 samples from 36 patients were positive. Of these patients, 22 developed HAdV viremia, and 24 patients had concurrent infection with another virus. Nineteen patients had fever (53%), 25 had gastrointestinal symptoms (69%), 11 had respiratory symptoms (31%), nine had reduced liver function (25%), and six had nervous system symptoms (17%). Twenty-three patients developed acute graft-versus-host disease of grade 2 or higher. Of all the patients with HAdV infection, nine were treated with cidofovir, seven of whom became HAdV negative and two had invalid treatment. The median follow-up time was 496 (216, 940) d post-HSCT. The overall survival at 5 years post HSCT was 48.4%±9.2% vs. 91.3%±3.5% ( χ2=65.03, P<0.001) in patients with and without HADV, respectively. The non-relapse mortality at 5 years post-HSCT was 40.8%±8.8% vs. 4.0%±2.0% ( χ2=34.17, P<0.001) in patients with and without HADV, respectively. Conclusions:After allo-HSCT, HAdV-infected patients are dominated by gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms and have an increased risk of combined acute graft-versus-host disease of >2 degrees. Patients with HAdV infection have poor overall survival and high non-relapse mortality.

6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 76-83, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and compare the efficacies of ganciclovir plus foscarnet and a single agent for the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.Methods:This study was a non-randomized clinical controlled trial. The data of patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation and developed CMV infection between January 1, 2021, and June 30, 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-up was conducted through telephone, inpatient consultations, and the review of outpatient medical records. The observed indicators included the incidence of CMV infection (including CMV disease), rate of recurrence of CMV infection, overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS).Results:A total of 242 patients were diagnosed with post-transplantation CMV infection; 116 patients tested positive for CMV DNA for more than 14 days ( P=0.011). Of the 242 patients with CMV infection, 65 were treated with ganciclovir plus foscarnet, and 156 patients were treated with a single antiviral drug; the median durations of CMV seroconversion were 21 (3-60) and 14 (3-32) days for the combination and single-drug groups, respectively. There were no significant differences between their incidence of CMV infections and 1-year OS and DFS. Of the patients with refractory CMV infections, 53 (45.7%) were treated with ganciclovir plus foscarnet, and 63 (54.3%) were treated with a single antiviral agent. The median durations of CMV seroconversion for the combination and single-drug groups were 21 (15-60) days and 20 (15-45) days, respectively ( P=0.472). Two patients in each group progressed to CMV disease ( P=0.860). During follow-up, 12 patients (22.6%) in the combination group and 8 patients (12.7%) in the single-drug group experienced recurrent episode(s) of CMV infection ( P=0.158). The 1-year OS of the combination and single-drug groups were 92.0% and 87.1%, respectively ( P=0.543); the 1-year DFS were 90.3% and 85.7%, respectively ( P=0.665). Univariate analysis revealed no associations between the antiviral agents used and OS and DFS (OS: HR=0.644, P=0.547; DFS: HR=0.757, P=0.666). Conclusions:There were no significant differences in the duration of CMV infection, incidence of CMV disease, rate of recurrence of CMV infection, and survival of the patients treated with the combination of antiviral drugs and a single antiviral drug.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1261-1269, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of patients with late-onset subtypes (adolescent or adult) of Krabbe disease.Methods:The clinical data of 7 patients with Krabbe disease admitted to Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People′s Hospital and Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from September 2006 to June 2021 were analyzed and Sanger sequencing of the galactosylceramidase (GALC) gene (NM_000153) and detection of the activity of GALC were conducted. A total of 61 cases of Krabbe disease reported in domestic literature were reviewed and summarized.Results:Among the 7 patients with Krabbe disease, there were 4 males and 3 females. All of them had lower limb weakness or walking difficulty as the initial symptoms, and presented as spastic paraplegia. The symptoms were relatively mild in patients with late onset. There were 4 out of 5 patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging examination, who showed abnormal signals: 2 had brain atrophy and the remaining 2 had white matter lesions. A total of 5 GALC gene mutations were detected by genetic analysis. Among these, c.1901T>C (p.L634S), c.908C>T(p.S303F) and c.461C>A(p.P154H) are known variants, while c.50_51insTT (p.M17Ifs) and c.1130delT(p.L337X) are novel variants reported for the first time in this paper.Conclusions:Krabbe disease is a rare neurodegenerative disease with phenotypic heterogeneity, which is inherited in an autosomal recessive mode. The severity of clinical manifestations of Krabbe disease is correlated with the age of onset.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 985-992, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957993

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report 8 cases of hereditary spastic paraplegia type 35 (SPG35) in Chinese mainland, summarize the clinical and genetic features of this disease.Methods:Eight probands with SPG35, admitted in Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People′s Hospital and Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from September 2006 to June 2021, were collected in detail. Physical examination, cranial imaging examination and whole exome sequencing were conducted, followed by Sanger sequencing and family co-segregation. In addition, the recent advances in clinical, genetic and pathogenesis studies of the disease were also reviewed.Results:Among all of the 8 patients, 7 had juvenile-onset and 1 was adult-onset. The clinical phenotype of 2 cases was pure spastic paraplegia. The other 6 cases presented with complicated form, which was characterized by not only motor dysfunction, but also cognitive impairment and dysphagia, etc. Genetic testing revealed a total of 13 fatty acid 2-hydroxylase (FA2H) gene (NM_024306) mutations, of which 6 were reported and 7 were newly reported in this study.Conclusions:SPG35 is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease with highly phenotypic heterogeneity, with the causative gene as FA2H. The genotype-phenotype correlations in SPG35 are not clear.

9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 928-932, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of Metagenomic Next-Generation sequencing (mNGS) in infectious patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).Methods:Patients suspected with local or systemic infections were retrospectively included after allo-HSCT in our department from April 2019 to November 2020. Pathogenic microorganisms were tested by mNGS in samples from peripheral blood, cerebrospinal fluid, alveolar lavage Liquid, abscess, etc. Other diagnostic methods such as bacterial/fungal culture, viral PCR detection were simultaneously explored comparing with mNGS results.Results:A total of 112 samples in 83 patients were detected by mNGS, and 34 pathogenic microorganisms were determined. Among these positive samples, 11 strains of bacteria (17 times) with the most common Escherichia coli (4/17) were reported. There were 7 strains of fungi (10 times) detected with primary Candida albicans (7/29). Although arvovirus 30.2% (39/129) were predominantly detected, its diagnostic relevance with infections was not definite. Other pathogenic viruses including cytomegalovirus (CMV) 25.6% (33/129) and Epstein Barr virus (EBV) 14.0% (18/129)were of significance. Comparing with golden diagnostic criteria, the sensitivity of mNGS was 86.5%, and specificity was 45.0%. Regarding single pathogen infection, the consistency of mNGS and conventional methods was 82.9% (29/35), while it was 16/17 in combination infections.Conclusion:mNGS could be a potential method to determine pathogens in patients suspected with infections after allo-HSCT.

10.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1145-1152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912532

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of minimal residual disease (MRD) in prediction of prognosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients with or above complete remission 2 (CR2) underwent.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 201 ALL patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) and pretransplant disease status ≥CR2 in Peking University People′s Hospital from January 2009 to December 2018. MRD was measured by multi-parameter flow cytometry at 1 month before transplantation and 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 4 months, 6 months, 9 months or 12 months after transplantation. To investigate the influence of dynamic changes of MRD before and after transplantation on prognosis.Results:201 ALL patients, including 126 males and 75 females, with a median age of 18 years. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), non-relapse mortality (NRM), leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) of all cases were 34%, 16%, 50%, and 56%, respectively. Positive pre-SCT MRD patients with higher 3-year CIR (47% vs 26%, P=0.003), lower 3-year LFS (40% vs 55%, P=0.047) and OS (42% vs 60%, P=0.065) than those with negative one. Subjects with positive post-MRD had higher 3-year CIR (73% vs 22%, P<0.001) and lower 3-year LFS (28% vs 56%, P=0.005) and OS (32% vs 60%, P=0.040) compared with those with negative one. Multivariate analysis showed that both pre-MRD and post-MRD were associated with higher CIR ( HR=1.823, P=0.018; HR=3.474, P<0.001), lower LFS ( HR=1.779, P=0.007; HR=2.185, P=0.001) and OS ( HR=1.609, P=0.034; HR=1.970, P=0.001). Negative pre-and post-SCT MRD group had lower 3-year CIR (17%, 42%, 82%; P<0.001) and higher 3-year LFS (61%, 44%, 18%; P<0.001) and OS (63%, 47%, 27%; P<0.001) compared with those unrisen post-SCT MRD group, and increased post-SCT MRD group. Multivariate analysis showed that pre-and post-SCT MRD dynamics were associated with CIR, LFS and OS ( P<0.01 for all) independently. The pre-and post-SCT MRD dynamics could better distinguish CIR (C=0.669) from that of pre-SCT MRD (C=0.587) and post-SCT MRD (C=0.629). Conclusion:Our data suggest that pre-SCT MRD, post-SCT MRD and the dynamic peri-SCT MRD could be used to predict transplant outcome of ALLpatients with or above CR2 who underwent allo-SCT.

11.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 987-992, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy and safety of Daratumumab for the treatment of primary AL light chain systemic amyloidosis.Methods:Twenty one patients who were diagnosed as primary AL light chain systemic amyloidosis and treated with Daratumumab from 7 centers were retrospectively analyzed. Daratumumab was administrated as first line therapy in seven patients and 14 patients with relapsed settings. Hematological response, safety and survival were analyzed.Results:All 7 patients achieved very good partial response (VGPR) or better with first-line application of daratumumab. Three patients died, and the other four achieved organ remission. Among 14 relapsed patients, 2 patients had a difference of free light chain (dFLC) less than 20 mg/L before treatment, and 9 with a dFLC of more than 50 mg/L. All patients reached partial response (PR) or better, including 4 patients with complete response (CR), 3 with VGPR and 2 with PR. The response rate was 100% in 3 patients with dFLC 20-50 mg/L at baseline. The organ remission rate was 50% in patients with heart involvement and 58.3% in patients with kidney impairment. The overall median follow-up period was 5.3 months, and 11 months in surviving patients. One patient died of severe infection and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) with stable amyloidosis. One patient switched to other regimens because dFLC elevated but did not fulfill progressive disease after 2 year application. As to safety, no grade 3/4 infusion reaction developed, and grade 1 infusion reaction occurred in 3 cases during the first infusion. Lymphocytopenia was seen in 75% patients including grade 3 or more in 30% patients.Conclusion:Daratumumab is effective to eliminate serum free light chain in both newly diagnosed and relapsed patients with systemic amyloidosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 868-874, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911450

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dynamic change and clinical impact of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) and multicolor flow cytometry (FCM) were used to detect DEK-NUP214 gene expression and leukemia-associated immunophenotype (LAIP) in 15 newly diagnosed patients with positive DEK-NUP214 and receiving allo-HSCT from September 2012 to September 2017 at Peking University People′s Hospital. The clinical outcome was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. The impact of DEK-NUP214 expression was analyzed by log-rank test.Results:The subjects were followed-up with a median period of 657 (62-2 212) days. The median DEK-NUP214 expression level at diagnosis was 488% (274%-1 692%). Thirteen patients achieved complete remission before allo-HSCT. Thirteen patients had a residual DEK-NUP214 expression of 0.38% (0.029%-738.9%) before allo-HSCT. After allo-HSCT, DEK-NUP214 expression in 9/13 patients remained positive, which dropped by around 500 folds (5.7-5 663.0 folds) within a month post-transplant. Five patients died and 2 patients relapsed. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse in patients with positive DEK-NUP214 before transplant was 17.5%±11.3% and the 3-year overall survival was 60.5%±13.8%. After allo-HSCT, DEK-NUP214-negative patients had a better outcome.Conclusion:Quantitative monitor of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene could be a sensitive indicator of MRD status after allo-HSCT.

13.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 806-811, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911442

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of short-term use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in EB viral infection and acute graft-versus host disease (GVHD) in patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) .Method:Adult patients (≥14 years) who were diagnosed with hematological malignancies received haplo-HSCT in Peking University Institute of Hematology from May 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The median age was 30 (14-60) years old. A total of 498 patients including 277 males and 221 females were enrolled. Donors' median age was 38 (8-66) years old. All patients were classified into long-term use of MMF ( n=199), which was defined as 500 mg every 12 hours from day 9 pre-transplant to 250 mg every 12 hours from day 30 after transplant then withdrawal on day 45 to 60 after transplant, and short-term use of MMF ( n=299), which was defined as 500 mg every 12 hour from day 9 pre-transplant then withdrawal till neutrophil engraftment. Kaplan-Meier model was used to analyze the cumulative incidence of EBV infection, and the Cox proportional regression model for multivariate analysis. Result:Characteristics including sex, age, disease types, mismatched HLA loci, donor-recipient relationship, donor-recipient blood type, donor age, and donor sex were comparable between two groups (all P>0.05). According to once, the incidence of EBV viremia, defined as EBV>10 3 copies/ml at least once, in short-term group and long-term group was 19.4% (58/299) and 27.6% (55/199) respectively ( P=0.046).Donor age and the duration of MMF prophylaxis (short-term group as reference) were associated with EBV viremia according to multivariate analysis [ HR=1.022(95% CI 1.006-1.038),1.600(95% CI 1.059-2.418); P=0.006 and 0.026, respectively]. The incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ acute GVHD in long-term and short-term group was 32.2% (64/199) versus 20.7% (62/299)( P=0.005) and 10.1% (20/199) versus 8.0% (24/299) ( P=0.427), respectively. Donor sex (female as reference) and duration of MMF prophylaxis (short-term group as reference) were associated with grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute GVHD [ HR=1.908(95% CI 1.079-3.373),1.752(95% CI 1.161-2.643); P=0.026 and 0.008, respectively].There were no statistical differences in the incidence of CMV viremia, refractory CMV viremia and hemorrhagic cystitis (all P>0.05) between the two groups. Conclusion:Short-term use of MMF can reduce EBV viremia without increasing the development of acute GVHD in haplo-HSCT patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 644-649, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidences and risk factors of poor hematopoietic reconstitution (PHR) in patients with hematological diseases who underwent haploidentical allograft and were treated with rituximab for desensitization.Methods:Eight-three donor specific anti-HLA antibody (DSA, 2000 ≤MFI<10 000) positive patients who underwent haploidentical allograft were prospectively enrolled. Rituximab (375 mg/m 2) was used for desensitization day-3 of conditioning regimen. Incidence and factors associated with PHR, including primary poor graft function and prolonged thrombocytopenia, were investigated. Results:There were 22 males and 61 females with a median age of 39(range: 1-65) years. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 100 day cumulative incidences of neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 93.0% and 90.7%, respectively. The incidences of PHR were 14.7%. The 3-year relapse rate, non-relapse mortality (NRM) rate, event-free survival (EFS), leukemia-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 6.5%, 15.1%, 70.8%, 79.4% and 79.4%, respectively. Patients with DSA MFI<5 000 (group A, n=46) experienced lower PHR (4.4% vs. 27.5%, P=0.003), and higher 3-year EFS (79.5% vs. 59.8%, P=0.020) compared to those with DSA MFI≥5 000 (group B, n=37). Multivariate analysis showed that DSA MFI≥5 000 was correlated with PHR ( HR=6.101, P=0.021). PHR was associated with higher NRM ( HR=4.110, P=0.026), lower DFS ( HR=3.656, P=0.019) and OS ( HR=3.656, P=0.019). Conclusion:Our data suggest that high pre-transplant DSA level is a risk factor for PHR in patients with hematological diseases receiving haploidentical allograft and rituximab for desensitization.

15.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 459-465, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885165

ABSTRACT

Objective:Donor cytomegalovirus (CMV) serological negative status may have an adverse effect on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), while there is inadequate data for Chinese people. This study is to explore the impact of donor CMV serological status on the outcome of CMV seropositive patients receiving allo-HSCT.Methods:Our study retrospectively analyzed 16 CMV seropositive patients with hematological malignancies receiving allogeneic grafts from CMV seronegative donors (antibody IgG negative) at Peking University People′s Hospital from March 2013 to March 2020, which was defined as D -/R + group. The other 64 CMV seropositive patients receiving grafts from CMV seropositive donors at the same period of time were selected as matched controls through a propensity score with 1∶4 depending on age, disease state and donor-recipient relationship (D +/R + group). Results:Patients in D -/R + group developed CMV DNAemia later than patients in the D +/R + group (+37 days vs. +31 days after allo-HSCT, P=0.011), but the duration of CMV DNAemia in D -/R + group was longer than that of D +/R + group (99 days vs. 34 days, P=0.012). The rate of CMV reactivation 4 times or more in D -/R + group was 4/16, significantly higher than that of D +/R + group (4.7%, 3/64, P=0.01). The incidences of refractory CMV DNAemia (14/16 vs. 56.3%, P=0.021) and CMV disease (4/16 vs. 4.7%, P=0.01) in D -/R + group were both higher than those in D +/R + group. In addition, the application of CMV-CTL as the second-line antiviral treatment in D -/R + group was more than that in D +/R + group. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis suggested that CMV serological negativity is an independent risk factor for refractory CMV DNAemia and the duration of CMV infection. The cumulative incidence of aGVHDⅡ-Ⅳ, cGVHD, 3-year probability of NRM, overall survival, and the cumulative incidence of relapse were all comparable in two groups. Conclusions:Although there is no significant effect on OS and NRM, the incidence of refractory CMV DNAemia, the frequency of virus reactivation, and the development of CMV disease in D -/R + group are higher than those in controls. Therefore, CMV seropositive donors are preferred for CMV seropositive patients.

16.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 728-739, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922506

ABSTRACT

Relapse is the main problem after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The outcome of a second allo-HSCT (HSCT2) for relapse post-HSCT has shown promising results in some previous studies. However, little is known about the efficacy of HSCT2 in patients with relapsed/refractory acute leukemia (AL) post-chemotherapy plus modified donor lymphocyte infusion (post-Chemo + m-DLI) after the first allo-HSCT (HSCT1). Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of HSCT2 in 28 patients with relapsed/refractory AL post-Chemo + m-DLI in our center. With a median follow-up of 918 (457-1732) days, 26 patients (92.9%) achieved complete remission, and 2 patients exhibited persistent disease. The probabilities of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) 1 year after HSCT2 were 25.0% and 21.4%, respectively. The cumulative incidences of nonrelapse mortality on day 100 and at 1 year post-HSCT2 were 7.1% ± 4.9% and 25.0% ± 8.4%. The cumulative incidences of relapse were 50.0% ± 9.8% and 53.5% ± 9.9% at 1 and 2 years post-HSCT2, respectively. Risk stratification prior to HSCT1 and percentage of blasts before HSCT2 were independent risk factors for OS post-HSCT2, and relapse within 6 months post-HSCT1 was an independent risk factor for DFS and relapse post-HSCT2. Our findings suggest that HSCT2 could be a salvage option for patients with relapsed AL post-Chemo + m-DLI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Lymphocytes , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 447-453, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestation, diagnosis and prognosis of heavy- and light-amyloidosis (AHL).Methods:The clinical data of two patients with AHL in Peking University People's Hospital and 21 cases of reported literature were reviewed to clarify the clinical and prognostic characteristics of AHL.Results:Compared with light-amyloidosis, most AHL patients were male, with high positive rate of blood and urine immunofixation electrophoresis and complete immunoglobulin. The manifestations of the kidneys were proteinuria, mainly composed of albumin, nephrotic syndrome and microscopic haematuria. The pathology of renal biopsy showed that Congo red staining positive substances were deposited in many sites (mesangial area, capillary wall, arteriole and renal interstitium), and immunofluorescence showed that monoclonal heavy chain with light chain (the type was consistent with the hematuria M protein) were clumpy deposition, which was consistent with amyloid deposition site. Heart involvement was rare, and the proportion of plasma cells in bone marrow was high.Conclusion:AHL is rare and its clinical manifestations of AHL are different from those of light-amyloidosis. The prognosis needs to be further observed.

18.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 801-806, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the immunophenotype and cytogenetic characteristics of primary plasma cell leukemia (pPCL), and to evaluate the efficacy of bortezomib and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as main treatment.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted including 42 pPCL patients admitted to Peking University People′s Hospital from January 1998 to March 2019. All patients were followed up until December 31, 2019. The immunophenotype and cytogenetic characteristics were compared with historical data of multiple myeloma (MM). Thirty-nine patients were divided into bortezomib-based group (29 cases) and non-bortezomib group (10 cases). All patients were also divided into hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) group (15 cases) and non-HSCT group (24 cases).Chi-square test was used for efficacy comparison, and Kaplan-Meier method was used for univariate prognostic analysis. Cox proportional hazards model was used for multi-variant analysis.Results:pPCL accounted for 2.6% of the total patients with plasma cell diseases during the same period. There were 22 males and 20 females, with a median age of 50 (30—77) years old at diagnosis. In immunophenotype analysis, tumor cells in pPCL patients also expressed CD38, CD138, CD45, which was similar as patients with MM. However the expression of CXCR4 were more frequently seen in pPCL(73.1% vs. 34.7%, P= 0.000), while intensity of CD9 and CD200 was lower (40.7% vs. 62.5%, P =0.028, 33.3% vs. 58.0%, P=0.021).Overall response rate of bortezomib-based therapy was superior to non-bortezomib therapy (69.0% vs.50.0%). The median survival was 18.2 (0.2—95.7)months, and the 1-and 2-year survival rates were 61.9% and 37.4%, respectively. Multivariate prognostic analysis suggested that age ( P= 0.027) and efficacy( P= 0.035)were significantly correlated with survival.HSCT resulted in superior survival compared with chemotherapy alone(26.8 vs. 8.1 months, P=0.021). Conclusions:Immunophenotypes and cytogenetic abnormalities in patients with pPCL are different from those with multiple myeloma. Bortezomib based regimens improve response rate and survival of pPCL. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation also predicts survival benefits.

19.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 347-352, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of daratumumab in relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM).Methods:The efficacy and adverse events (AEs) of daratumumab based regimens were retrospectively analyzed in 37 patients with RRMM from Peking University People′s Hospital, Beijing Hospital and Fu Xing Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University in China. The deadline for inclusion was December, 2019.Results:Among the 37 patients, 35 patients were available for response evaluation. The overall response rate (ORR) was 68.6%, which was better in patients receiving 16 mg/kg daratumumab than in those with fixed doses of 800 mg daratumumab [ORR: 78.3%(18/23) vs. 40.0%(4/10)]. The percentage of infusion related reactions of daratumumab was 27.0%(10/37). The most common hematological AEs were lymphocytopenia and thrombocytopenia, with the incidences of grade 3 or more severe 59.5%(22/37) and 43.2%(16/37) respectively. Pulmonary infections(37.8%, 14/37) were the most common non-hematological AEs. One patient with positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and two patients dependent on dialysis were safely treated with daratumumab.Conclusion:Daratumumab is highly effective in relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. Adverse reactions are mild and well tolerable.

20.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 453-457, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862870

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies and transplant outcomes in patients with hematological diseases who underwent matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted in 168 patients with hematological diseases who received MSDT in Peking University People's Hospital from March 2015 to November 2017. All patients received detection of anti-HLA antibodies before transplantation, and the correlation between anti-HLA antibodies and transplant outcomes such as hematopoietic cells implantation, blood product transfusion and prognosis after transplantation were analyzed.Results:Among the 168 patients, 28 (16.7%) were positive for anti-HLA class Ⅰ or class Ⅱ antibodies, and 14 (8.3%) were positive for both anti-HLA class Ⅰ and class Ⅱ antibodies. All patients received neutrophil engraftment, 164 patients (97.9%) received platelet engraftment. Univariate analysis showed that there were no effects of anti-HLA antibodies on neutrophil engraftment and engraftment time, platelet engraftment and engraftment time, the volume of red cell transfusion, the volume of platelet transfusion, overall survival (OS) rate, disease free survival (DFS) rate and transplant-related mortality (TRM) in patients with hematological diseases underwent MSDT (all P > 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that platelet engraftment was associated with better OS ( HR=0.065, 95% CI 0.017-0.252, P < 0.01), better DFS ( HR=0.083, 95% CI 0.024-0.289, P < 0.01) and lower TRM ( HR=0.094, 95% CI 0.014-0.626, P=0.015). Conclusion:Anti-HLA antibodies have no effect on transplant outcomes of patients with hematological diseases who have received MSDT.

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