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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755863

ABSTRACT

Objective To invastigate the etiology,diagnosis and treatment of mesenteric fibromatosis.Methods 7 cases of mesenteric fibromatosis was admitted into our hospital from Jan 2012 to Jan 2018.Reslut Among the 7 patients,there were 2 males and 5 females,with an average age of (40 + 16)years,4 cases had had a history of abdominal surgery and 1 case was of familial polyp,the symptoms of organ compression were the first manifestation in 4 cases,abdominal mass as the first manifestation in 2 cases.The lesions were located on small mesentery in 5 cases,on mesenteric membrane in one,and on mesorectal membrane in one.All 7 patients underwent extensive tumor resection and the margins were negative,one of the tumors was located at the level of the duodenum,invading the superior mesenteric vein and the transverse mesocolon.Immunohistochemistry results:[3-catenin (+)、Ki-67 (+),CD117 (-),CD34(-)in7 cases,SMA(+)in5 cases,Desmin (+) in4 cases,ER (+) in3 cases.Conclusion Most patients of mesenteric fibroma have a history of previous abdominal surgery,seconded by organ compression symptoms.β-catenin (+),Ki-67 (+) and CD117 (-),CD34 (-) contribute to pathological diagnosis,Surgery-based comprehensive treatment can achieve therapeutic effect.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 262-265, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693230

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the pathogenesis,type,diagnosis and surgical methods of adult intussusception.Methods The clinical presentation,diagnosis and therapeutic management of 23 patients admitted with the diagnosis of intussusception in Kunshan First People's Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu University from January 2014 to March 2017 were reviewed retrospectively.Results For all patients,Symptom included paroxysmal bellyache (22/23),abdominal mass (7/23),nausea and vomit (2/23).Twenty one patients received operation,and all discharged from hospital.Malignant neoplasm,benign tumor,diverticulum,inflammation and fecal stone were main cause for intussusception.Conclusion Most of adult intussusceptions are secondary lesions,with complex pathologic condition and non-specific symptoms.CT scanning has been proved to be the most useful diagnostic radiologic method.Surgery is the main treatment of adult intussusception.As for patients recevied conservative treatment and intraoperative exploration with no obvious lesions,endoscopy is necessary postoperative.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807588

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the correlation between low back pain (LBP) and occupational stress in coal miners.@*Methods@#From January 2015 to December 2016, a total of 472 front-line workers in a mining area of a large-scale coal mining enterprise in Shanxi, China were enrolled in the study. The general information, condition of LBP, and occupational stress level of the subjects were obtained by questionnaire survey. Dichotomous logistic regression (DLR) was used to analyze the correlation between LBP and occupational stress.@*Results@#Of the 472 subjects, 186 subjects experienced LBP in the past year; the prevalence rate of LBP was 39.41%. The scores of the Occupational Role Questionnaire were significantly higher for workers in the LBP group than in the non-LBP group (P<0.01) . As revealed by the DLR analysis, age, marital status, length of service, occupational stress role, labor intensity, keeping single posture during work, and working in shifts were risk factors of LBP (P<0.01) , while smoking may be a protective factor against LBP (P<0.01) .@*Conclusion@#Occupational stress role is a potential risk factor for LBP in coal miners (P<0.01) . Reasonable work assignment and timely alleviation of occupational stress may be one of the effective approaches to prevent LBP.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511434

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the performance of parallel test in detecting malaria infection for returned person from malaria endemic area.Methods The blood samples of 484 returnees from malaria endemic area were analyzed and detected by thick blood smear,rapid diagnostic test (RDT) and nest PCR in four companies involving the African labor dispatching.Results The sensitivi ty of thick blood smear and RDT was 0.628 and 0.744 respectively,which of the parallel test was 0.930.On the other hand,the area under the curve (AUC) of parallel test was 0.930 (95%CI:0.895-0.986),which was higher than thick blood smear[0.814 (95%CI:0.724-0.904)]and RDT[0.847 (95%CI:0.769-0.926)].Conclusion Thick blood smear and RDT,which consist of parallel test,could improve the detection sensitivity and accuracy for returnees from malaria epidemical area effectively.This approach is worthy of popularization and application.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809620

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the features of literature on hand-transmitted vibration in China, 1990-2016.@*Methods@#In September 2017, the studies on hand-transmitted vibration in China, which were published in Chinese or English during 1990-2016, with "China" and "Taiwan" as the places where author affiliations were located, were retrieved. A bibliometric analysis was performed to investigate the type of articles, publication time, the journals in which articles were published, author affiliations, author regions, and funding.@*Results@#A total of 205 articles on hand-transmitted vibration were retrieved. There were 7.59 articles on average published annually from 1990 to 2016. In the 205 articles, 114 (55.61%) were published in the journals indexed in one or two core journal databases. In the 64 journals, 22 (34.38%) were indexed in one or two core journal databases. The first authors were from 22 provincial regions (provinces, autonomous regions, or centrally administered municipalities) in China, with 152 articles (74.15%) by the authors in the top five regions. There were a total of 876 authors, and the co-authorship degree was 4.27 (876/205). Most of the first authors (136 articles, 66.34%) were affiliated with universities or institutes for prevention and control of occupational diseases. Among the 205 articles, 103 (50.24%) were original articles or investigations, and 72 (35.12%) were funded.@*Conclusion@#The studies on hand-transmitted vibration fluctuated and increased from 1990 to 2016, with a relatively concentrated distribution in terms of sources, regions, and institutions. Interregional and international academic exchange should be strengthened.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506918

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of gastrin?17( G?17) and pepsinogen( PG) for gastric cancer. Methods A multicenter cross?sectional study of patients with continuous stomach discomfort from four centers including Changhai Hospital Affiliated to Second Military Medical University, the First Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, Qinghai Provincial People′s Hospital and the First Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University of Chinese Medicine from May 2014 to September 2015 was conducted. Before gastroscopy, fasting serum gatrin?17 and pepsinogen were analyzed by enzyme?linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The efficacy of G?17 and PG were evaluated according to endoscopic and pathological results. Results Based on the results of the pathological diagnosis, 1 122 cases were enrolled and divided into chronic atrophic gastritis group ( 548 cases ) , chronic non?atrophic gastritis group ( 370 cases), and gastric cancer group(204 cases). Serum G?17 and PGⅡ levels significantly increased(P7 pmol/L and PGR7 pmol/L and PGⅡ>10μg/L was regarded as the cut?off value, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 48?04%, 79?74%, 73?98%, 34?51% and 87?35% respectively. If PGR10 μg/L was regarded as the cut?off value, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 33?82%, 84?86%, 75?58%, 33?17% and 85?23% respectively. Based on logistic regression analysis of the independent variables of high serum G?17 value(>7 pmol/L), low serum PGR value(10 μg/L), their OR value were 2?592, 2?237 and 1?864 respectively, and high serum G?17 value showed the highest risk of gastric cancer. Conclusion High serum G?17 and PGⅡ, low PGR are indicators of gastric cancer. Combination of G?17 and PGR has the best diagnostic value for gastric cacer. Gastric cancer can be screened in large scale by combining G?17 and PGR in order to improve the early diagnostic rate of gastric cancer and reduce the mortality of gastric cancer in our country.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476933

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect ofDanlou pills on prevent atherosclerosis from hypercholesterolemia rabbit and its relationship with inflammatory factors as well as PI3K/AKT signal pathways. A total of 24 Japanese male white rabbits were randomly divided into the control group (CL), model group (M) and Danlou group (DL), with 8 in each group. Normal diet was given to CL rabbits. High-fat diet was given to rabbits in other groups to establish the atherosclerosis model. Danlou pills (0.5 g·kg-1·d-1) were also given to DL rabbits. Rabbits were sacrificed after 9-week medication. The contents of blood lipid, TNF-α and IL-6 were detected. HE staining was used in the observation of histological changes in the aorta. Western blot was used to observe PI3K and p-AKT expression in the aorta. The results showed that compared with CL, the contents of TG, TC, LDL, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly increased in M (P < 0.01); PI3K and p-AKT expression in the aorta were significantly decreased (P < 0.01). Compared with M, blood lipid, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly reduced in DL (P < 0.05, orP < 0.01); PI3K and p-AKT expression were significantly increased (P < 0.01). It was concluded thatDanlou pills had prevention effects on atherosclerosis through reducing blood lipid and inflammatory factors. The action mechanism maybe related to the activation of PI3K/AKT signal pathways.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476924

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to observe the safety and effectiveness ofShugan Jieyu Capsules in the treatment of vasovagal syncope (VVS) with mild-to-moderate depression and anxiety, and to compare the effect with Flupentixol and Melitracen Tablets. A total of 89 VVS cases with mild-to-moderate depression and anxiety were randomly divided into 3 groups, which were group A (Shugan Jieyu Capsules group), group B (Flupentixol and Melitracen Tablets) and group C (control group). Based on the conventional therapy of VVS treatment, treatments were given to all three groups for 8 weeks. And the negative conversion ratio of VVS in each group was observed. Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD 24 items) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) were evaluated for the calculation of reductive rate. Treatment emergent symptoms scale (TESS) was used in the evaluation of adverse reactions of both medications during the treatment. In the 12-month follow-up after treatment, the recurrence rate of syncope was observed in each group. The results showed that compared with pretreatment, HAMD-24 and HAMA scores of group A and group B after treatment were significantly reduced (P < 0.05). Compared with group C, the heat-up tilt testing-negative rate, HAMD-24 and HAMA reductive rate of group A and group B after treatment were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Compared with group B, the negative rate, HAMD-24 and HAMA reductive rate of group A were more significant (P < 0.05). After treatment, scores for TESS of group A was significantly lower than group B (P< 0.05). In the 24-month follow-up, the recurrence rate of syncope of group A and group B was significantly lower than group C (P < 0.05); and group A was obviously better than group B (P < 0.05). It was concluded thatShugan Jieyu Capsules can be used in the treatment of VVS with mild-to-moderate depression and anxiety. Its effectiveness and safety may be better than Flupentixol and Melitracen Tablets.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460774

ABSTRACT

With the increasing incidence and mortality of coronary heart disease (CHD) in China, the prevention and treatment of CHD is no time to delay. Since Professor Gruentzig completed the first human case of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in 1977, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) had reached to a new page. After three decades of development and change, PCI has been improved and matured gradually from the early PTCA to the current stent era. With the advent of stents, the rate of restenosis after PCI was significantly reduced from 30%-50% to 10%-20%. But stent restenosis was still with no total cure. The issue of how to prevent the stent restenosis has become a long-term major issue for the exploration in both clinical and preclinical medicine. Therefore, this paper reviewed the etiology, pathology, related risk factors, latest diagnosis methods, prevention and treatment of stent restenosis by integrative medicine.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455481

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical diagnosis and treatment of primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma.Methods The clinical data of 8 patients with primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma were retrospectively analyzed.Results The cases of primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma accounted for all appendectomy specimens of 0.13% (8/6 069).Among them,only 1 case was diagnosed correctly before operation,preoperative conventional abdominal CT examination was valuable for the diagnosis.One stage right hemicolectomy was performed in 2 cases,two stage right hemicolectomy was carried out in 5 cases.Postoperatively systemic chemotherapy was performed in 2 cases.Conclusions Lack of particular presentation,primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma is uncommon and difficult to be diagnosed exactly,preoperative misdiagnosed rate is very high.Right hemicolectomy is the most commonly recommended surgical option,systemic chemotherapy should be offered according to the stage.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424882

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a method of rapid detection of bacteria endotoxin based on interdigital gold electrode and surface acoustic wave (SAW).MethodsWith the carriers of 3-APTES and glutaral pentanedial,Polymyxin B (PMB) was immobilized on interdigital gold electrode,and then reacted with the bacteria endotoxin' s biological active material (lipopolysacchride,LPS) selectively.Double differential circuit based on SAW was employed to complete the detection.Two output oscillation signals were differentiated through mixer and the endotoxin content was described by frequency shift.ResultsThe experimental results indicated that there was a liner relationship between the frequency shift and endotoxin content within the content range of 75-130 EU/ml.ConclusionComparing with traditional method,the detection time is shortened to 10 minutes,the sensitivity is 13.8 KHz/(EU·mL-1),and repeatability is above 90%.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423454

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the activation on occipital lobe in children with and without abacus mental calculation training when they engaged in different calculation tasks with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).Then approach the laterality of occipital lobe in abacus mental calculation.Methods fMRI was performed in children trained with( trained group)and without( untrained group) abacus mental calculation( seventeen in each group) when they engaged in addition,subtraction,multiplication,division,and number-object control judging tasks.The data processing and statistical analysis of original image were performed on SPM 2.0 ( statistical parametric mapping 2.0) and the related-brain functional areas were obtained.The laterality index (LI) was used to assess the laterality of occipital lobe.Results The performance of the trained group with better correctness and shorter reaction time was much better than that of the untrained group (P<0.01).The laterality degree of occipital lobe in the trained group (-0.15,0.22,0.24,-0.06 ) was lower than that of the untrained group (0.35,0.75,0.75,0.29).Conclusion Abacus mental calculation can obviously enhance the capacity of mental calculation.The laterality degree of occipital lobe in the trained group is lower than that of untrained group.It is conducive to the balanced development of bilateral cerebral hemisphere.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307664

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of icariin on the GRP78 mRNA expression of vascular smooth muscle cell in vitro and to elucidate the anti-atherosclerosis mechanism of icariin.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The model was established by using half cystine in vitro. The vascular smooth muscle cell had been incubated with various concentrations of icariin for 48 hours. The apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry using Annexin/PI-staining and GRP78 mRNA expression was tested by RT- PCR. These differentially expressed fragments were cloned, identified and sequenced.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Icariin at concentrations of 0.2 and 0.4 mg x L(-1) obviously promoted the apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cell. The early apoptosis rate was raised magnificently in a dose dependent manner compared with that of the half cystine group (P < 0.01). Furthermore, the fragment, 648 bp, was similar to the gene of glucose regulated protein GRP78 from VSMC. Icariin could magnificently increase the GRP78 mRNA expression compared with that of the halfcystine group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The anti-atherosclerosis mechanism of icariin might be partly due to the promotion of apoptosis and the promotion of the GRP78 mRNA expression of vascular smooth muscle cell.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Gene Expression , Heat-Shock Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Homocysteine , Pharmacology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Rabbits
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558441

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects of different surgical management for obsolute glaucoma.Methods 31 eyes of absolute glaucoma were retrospectively analyzed,including 23 case 23 eyes(A group) with cyclocryotherapy,8 case 8 eyes(B group)with cyclocryotherapy combining with paracentesis of anterior chamber,the pain and duration were comparatively observed.Results In the cyclocryotherapy,the pain occurred in 23 eyes,the duration time was 3 to 10 days,the average time was 6.8 days.While 4 eyes occurred pain in the cyclocryotherapy combining with paracentesis of anterior chamber,the duration time was 1 to 3 days,the average time was 2.3 days.There was significant difference(P

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-567514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To select the differentially expressed vascular smooth muscle cell(VSMC) apoptosis gene induced by icariin,glucose regulated protein 78(GRP78),to observe the expression of GRP78 in atherosclerosis tissue and to the elucidate the mechanism of anti-atherosclerosis of icariin.Methods:The model was established by using halfcystine in viro.The vascular smooth muscle cell was incubated with various concentrations of icariin for 48 hours.The apoptosis was detected by TUNEL assay.GRP78 gene was amplificated by PCR,recombinant plasmid were constructed,transfected into E.coli,positive clonings were selected and conf irmed by restriction endonucleas analysis,and sequence-ed.Tissue situ hybridization was used to observe the GRP78 expression in atherosclerosis tissue.Results:Icariin promoted obviously vascular smooth muscle cell apoptosis.Furthermore,the fragment,648bp,was similar to the gene of GRP78 from VSMC,and the expression level was signif icantly higher in high cholesterol group than in control nroup.Conclusions:The GRP78 plays a key role in inducing atherosclerotic lesions.The mechanism of anti-atherosclerosis of icariin might be partly due to promoting apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cell.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-526387

ABSTRACT

0.05).There was significant difference in lymph node metastatic rate between poorly-differentiated and undifferentiated adenocarcinoma(17.83%) compared with well-differentiated and middle-differentiated adenocarcinoma(1.58%)(P

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-581086

ABSTRACT

AIM: To select differentially the expressed gene,glucose regulated protein 78(GRP78),to observe the expression of GRP78 in atherosclerosis tissue and to elucidate the mechanism for anti-atherosclerosis of puerarin.METHODS: The model was established by using homocysteinemia in vitro.The vascular endothelial cells were incubated with various concentrations of puerarin(10 -7 mol/L,10 -6 mol/L,10 -5 mol/L) for 48 h.The apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry using Annexin/PI-staining.GRP78 gene was amplificated by PCR.These differentially expressed fragments were cloned,selected,confirmed,and sequenced.Digoxigenin-labeled DNA Probe and cholesterol-rich rabit model were prepared,GRP78 mRNA was determined by in situ hybridization in atherosclerotic lesions and normal tissue.RESULTS: Three concentrtions of puerarin significantly inhibited the apoptosis of endothelial cells.The early apoptosis rate was decreased magnificently in a dose dependent manner compared with that of HCY group (P

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