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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the classification and treatment strategies of developmental breast asymmetry (DBA).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in adult female patients with developmental breast asymmetry deformity who underwent surgery between January 2005 to June 2019 in the Plastic Surgery Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital. According to different clinical manifestations, DBA was divided into three types which adopted to different surgical strategies. Postoperative complications and patient satisfaction were evaluated.Results:A total of 203 patients were included in the study; 42.36% (86 cases) were type Ⅰ, 31.03% (63 cases) were type Ⅱ and 26.60% (54 cases) were type Ⅲ. The number of follow-up patients accounted for 79.3% (161/203). The mean follow-up time was 9 months. There were one case of poor healing of the axillary incision in latissimus dorsi muscle flap, two cases of seroma, five cases of Baker grade Ⅰ capsule contracture, two cases of Baker grade Ⅱ capsule contracture and one cases of small nodules in autologous fat breast augmentation. With regard to patient satisfaction, 80.1% (129 cases) felt satisfied with the aesthetic results, 15% (24 cases) felt good, 3.7%. (6 cases) felt average and 1.2% (2 cases) felt unsatisfied.Conclusions:This study shows that the clinical manifestations of DBA are varied, and our classification method is an effective and useful tool to guide the surgical treatment. Individualized surgical design is essential for aesthetical results.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the pros and cons of harvesting ear cartilage through anterior and posterior auricular approaches during rhinoplasty.Methods:From January 2017 to December 2018, 63 patients with otochondral rhinoplasty in our hospital were enrolled in this study, 60 were female and 3 were male; the average age was 31.6 years (range, 18 to 43) . They were randomly divided into anterior auricular approach group with 32 cases (64 sides) and posterior auricular approach group with 31 cases (62 sides). Surgical duration, complications and postoperative scar of the two methods were analyzed.Results:The average time for harvesting the ear cartilage through posterior auricular approach and anterior auricular approach was (20.8±1.7) min and (12.6±1.1) min, respectively ( P<0.01). The overall complication rate was 15.6% for posterior auricular approach group and 4.8% for anterior auricular approach group. The wound healed well in both groups, and there was no significant difference in postoperative scar between the two groups during an average 13 months follow-up period. Conclusions:While both the anterior and the posterior auricular approaches present with similar inconspicuous scarring, the use of anterior auricular approach alone to harvest ear cartilage during rhinoplasty provides both the surgeons and the patients with easier access, shorter surgical duration, and fewer complications. Hence, we believe that the anterior auricular approach possesses greater advantages than the posterior auricular approach.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933707

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of thyroid hormone level in children with type 1 diabetic mellitus (T1DM) complicated with ketoacidosis.Methods:Sixty-seven children with acute T1DM and ketoacidosis admitted in Department of Endocrinology, Shanxi Children′s Hospital from December 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled as acidosis group; and 44 T1DM children without ketoacidosis at admission served as control group. According to blood gas analysis, in acidosis patients there were 22 cases in mild group (pH<7.3), 16 cases in moderate group (pH<7.2) and 29 cases in severe group (pH<7.1). Serum levels of triiodothyronine (T 3), thyroxine (T 4), free T 3(FT 3), free T 4(FT 4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) were measured in all patients at admission and recovery, retrospectively. Patients in the acidosis group at acute stage were treated with balanced fluid infusion, insulin infusion and eritone. Results:The serum levels of T 3 [0.48(0.19, 0.67)nmol/L vs. 0.97(0.74, 1.18)nmol/L, Z=-5.97, P<0.001], T 4 [(49.99±26.06) nmol/L vs. (73.48±23.32)nmol/L, t=4.68, P<0.001], FT 3 [1.80(1.24, 2.51) pmol/L vs. 3.31(2.56, 3.98) pmol/L, Z=-6.15, P<0.001], FT 4 [9.74 (7.21, 12.85)pmol/L vs. 14.54 (11.29, 16.75)pmol/L, Z=-5.23, P<0.001] and TSH [0.86(0.31, 1.81) mIU/L vs. 1.92(1.01, 3.56)mIU/L, Z=-4.19, P<0.001] in acidosis group at acute stage were significantly lower than those in the control group. In acidosis group at recovery stage serum levels of T 3 [1.58 (1.25, 1.86)nmol/L], T 4 [(92.52±27.03) nmol/L], FT 3 [5.03(4.15, 5.78) pmol/L], FT 4 [15.94 (14.40, 18.38)pmol/L], and TSH [2.21(1.58, 3.16)mIU/L] were significantly higher than those at acute stage ( Z=-6.96, t=-11.34, Z=-7.00, Z=-6.39, Z=-5.28,all P<0.001). There was an decreasing trend of T 3 and FT 3 levels from mild group [0.60 (0.47, 0.78)nmol/L, 2.20(1.47, 2.89) pmol/L], moderate group [0.36(0.18, 0.64)nmol/L, 1.90(1.11, 2.31)pmol/L] to severe acidosis group [0.35(0.16, 0.54) nmol/L, 1.48(1.08, 1.89)pmol/L](T 3: Z=-3.44, P=0.001; Z=-3.97, P<0.001; Z=-5.63, P<0.001;FT 3: Z=-3.44, P=0.001; Z=-4.13, P<0.001; Z=-5.86, P<0.001). Compared to control group serum T 4 and FT 4 levels in moderate group [(47.34±29.89)nmol/L and 9.75(5.74,12.29)pmol/L] and severe group [(44.08±22.27)nmol/L and 8.82 (6.40, 9.89)pmol/L] were significantly decreased (T 4: t=3.66, t=5.01,all P<0.001; FT 4: Z=-3.40, P=0.001; Z=-5.73, P<0.001). The TSH level in severe acidosis group [0.63 (0.27, 1.33)mIU/L] was lower than that in the control group ( Z=-4.23, P<0.001). At the recovery stage the serum levels of T 3 [1.69 (1.22, 1.87)nmol/L,1.68 (1.24, 1.84)nmol/L,1.55(1.25, 1.86) nmol/L], FT 3 [5.27 (4.37, 5.76)pmol/L,4.32(4.17, 5.73)pmol/L,5.04(3.81, 5.79)pmol/L], T 4 [(87.41±18.40)nmol/L,(90.02±30.41)nmol/L,(97.34±30.10)nmol/L] and FT 4 [16.05(14.23, 17.71) pmol/L,15.26(14.40, 16.11)pmol/L,16.88(13.98, 18.89) pmol/L] in the mild, moderate and severe acidosis groups were higher than those in the control group (T 3: Z=-4.55, Z=-3.87, Z=-4.93,all P<0.001;FT 3: Z=-4.72, Z=-3.72, Z=-4.52,all P<0.001;T 4: t=-2.01, P=0.047; t=-2.15, P=0.034; t=-3.88, P<0.001;FT 4: Z=-2.21, P=0.027; Z=-0.84, P=0.399; Z=-2.67, P=0.008); while there was no significant difference in TSH levels [2.28(1.88, 3.16)mIU/L, 2.19(1.26, 3.57) mIU/L, 2.18(1.36, 3.09) mIU/L] between mild, moderate, severe acidosis groups and the control group (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Thyroid function in T1DM children complicated with ketoacidosis is decreased significantly with the aggravation of acidosis. After correction of ketoacidosis, the level of thyroid function can basically return to normal.

4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 576-590, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929120

ABSTRACT

Neurons in the primary auditory area (AUDp) innervate multiple brain regions with long-range projections while receiving informative inputs for diverse functions. However, the brain-wide connections of these neurons have not been comprehensively investigated. Here, we simultaneously applied virus-based anterograde and retrograde tracing, labeled the connections of excitatory and inhibitory neurons in the mouse AUDp, and acquired whole-brain information using a dual-channel fluorescence micro-optical sectioning tomography system. Quantified results showed that the two types of neurons received inputs with similar patterns but sent heterogeneous projections to downstream regions. In the isocortex, functionally different areas consistently sent feedback-dominated projections to these neurons, with concomitant laterally-dominated projections from the sensory and limbic cortices to inhibitory neurons. In subcortical regions, the dorsal and medial parts of the non-lemniscal auditory thalamus (AT) were reciprocally connected to the AUDp, while the ventral part contained the most fibers of passage from the excitatory neurons and barely sent projections back, indicating the regional heterogeneity of the AUDp-AT circuit. Our results reveal details of the whole-brain network and provide new insights for further physiological and functional studies of the AUDp.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1039-1049, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927761

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus core protein (HBc) has become a hot spot in drug carrier protein research due to its natural particle self-assembly ability and ease of modification. The truncation of the C-terminal polyarginine domain (CTD, aa 151-183) of HBc does not affect the self-assembly of the particles. However, it does affect the internal and external charges of the particles, which may subsequently affect drug encapsulation. Thus, the truncated C-terminal polyarginine domain (CTD) of HBc and the inserted RGD peptide were selected to construct and express three HBc variants (RH) encapsulated with ICG (RH/ICG) with different C-terminal lengths to compare the stability and drug activity of their nanoformulations. RH160/ICG was found to have a great advantages in encapsulation efficiency and biological imaging. Compared with other HBc variants, RH160/ICG significantly improved encapsulation efficiency, up to 32.77%±1.23%. Cytotoxicity and hemolysis assays further demonstrated the good biocompatibility of RH160/ICG. Cell uptake and in vivo imaging experiments in mice showed that RH160/ICG could efficiently deliver ICG in tumor cells and tumor sites with good imaging effect. This research provides a new direction for further expanding the diagnosis and treatment application of ICG and development of HBc-based nanoparticle drug carrier platform.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Indocyanine Green/chemistry , Mice , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Viral Core Proteins
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907160

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the quality standard of compound Yuhong suppository. Methods Angelica dahurica, colophony and Sophora flavescens Alt. were identified by thin layer chromatography(TLC)method. The contents of sulfadiazine and dyclonine hydrochloride were determined by HPLC with diode array detection method. The mobile phase was methanol-0.02 mol/L potassium dihydrogen phosphate (adjusted to pH 3.3 with phosphoric acid) for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was 280 nm for sulfadiazine and dyclonine hydrochloride. Results The three Chinese traditional medicines were identified by TLC with clear spots. The linear ranges of sulfadiazine and dyclonine hydrochloride were good in 12.40-99.20 μg/ml (r=0.999 9) and 2.56-20.48 μg/ml (r=0.999 9). The average recovery was (99.21±0.43) % (n=9) and (99.54±0.68) % (n=9). Conclusion This method is accurate, sensitive, and reproducible. It can be used as a standard method for the quality control of compound Yuhong suppository.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4066-4074, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921487

ABSTRACT

Different fragments of SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein were expressed and purified, and a fluorescence immunochromatography method for detection of SARS-CoV-2 total antibody was established. The effect of different protein fragments on the performance of the method was evaluated. The N protein sequence was analyzed by bioinformatics technology, expressed in prokaryotic cell and purified by metal ion affinity chromatography column. Different N protein fragments were prepared for comparison. EDC reaction was used to label fluorescence microsphere on the synthesized antigen to construct sandwich fluorescence chromatography antibody detection assay, and the performance was systemically evaluated. Among the 4 prepared N protein fragments, the full-length N protein (N419) was selected as the optimized coating antigen, N412 with 0.5 mol/L NaCl was used as the optimal combination; deleting 91-120 amino acids from the N-terminal of N412 reduced non-specific signal by 87.5%. the linear range of detection was 0.312-80 U/L, the limit of detection was 0.165 U/L, and the accuracy was more than 95%. A fluorescence immunochromatographic detection method for analysis of SARS-CoV-2 total antibody was established by pairing N protein fragments. The detection result achieved 98% concordance with the commercially available Guangzhou Wanfu test strip, which is expected to be used as a supplementary approach for detection of SARS-CoV-2. The assay could also provide experimental reference for improving the performance of COVID-19 antibody detection reagents.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 , Chromatography, Affinity , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Microspheres , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensitivity and Specificity
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914648

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) transplantation improves stem cell paracrine function and can enhance wound healing. However, in diabetic patients, glucose-associated effects on this function and cell survival lead to impaired wound closure, thereby limiting ADSC transplantation efficiency. The hypoxia-inducible factor HIF-1α has an important protective function during wound healing. Here, we aim to clarify the regulatory mechanism of ADSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: ADSCs were isolated from BALB/C mice adipose samples. We then used high-throughput se-quencing to assess abnormal expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs). We also used an in vivo full-thickness skin defect mouse model to assess the effects of transplanted ADSC on diabetic wound closure. Hypoxic pretreatment of ADSCs accelerated diabetic wound closure, which enhanced angiogenic growth factor expression in our mouse model. High-throughput sequencing and RT-qPCR indicated that circ-Gcap14 was upregulated in hypoxic pretreated ADSCs. Similarly, circ-Gcap14 downregulation also decreased the therapeutic effects of ADSCs; however, circ-Gcap14 overexpression increased the effects of ADSC by promoting angiopoiesis. We also used a luciferase reporter assay to confirm that miR-18a-5p and HIF-1α were downstream targets of circ-Gcap14. HIF-1α expression plays an important role in increased VEGF level. @*Conclusions@#Based on our data, we suggest that circ-Gcap14 plays an important role in accelerating hypoxic ADSC-mediated diabetic wound closure, by enhancing mouse angiogenic growth factor expression and regulating downstream miR-18a-5p/HIF-1α expression.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912685

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of autologous nanofat combined with pearl fat transplantation in comprehensive improvement of lacrimal groove depression.Methods:Seventy-eight patients (age ranges from 28 to 56 years, with average 38 years) who desired for lacrimal groove improvement were involved in this study from Jan. 2019 to Jun. 2020 in the Department of Plastic Surgery in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Primary fat tissue was obtained and purified by liposuction. Nanofat and pearl fat were prepared and injected into lacrimal groove area in different layers and multiple points evenly to ameliorate depression. Visual analogue scoring (VAS) was used for evaluating injection pain. Dark eye circles, faint lines on lower eyelid, color spots and lacrimal groove depression between pre-operation pictures and post-operation pictures of 1 year follow-up were evaluated by patients' satisfaction scores.Results:All 78 patients revealed mild swelling and disappeared in 3 to 4 days. Injection areas were stable in 3 months. All patients appeared no complications such as infection, hematoma, fat liquefaction, local induration and so on. Among 78 patients, 2 patients showed ecchymosis after surgery which disappeared in 10 days, and 1 patient showed uneven appearance which disappeared after timely treatment. After 1 year of follow-up, the average satisfaction score of improvement was 8.9±0.5, which showed satisfied post-operative effect.Conclusions:Autologous nanofat combined with pearl fat transplantation has high feasibility, short operation time, which could achieve good effect of facial rejuvenation with high patients' satisfaction. In this case, this technique is worthy of clinical promotion.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885289

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluatte the high risk factors of stent occlusion in patients with acute iliofemoral vein thrombosis and Cockett syndrome.Methods:The clinical data of 178 patients of Cockett syndrome and acute lower extremity deep vein thrombosis from Jan 2014 to Dec 2016 was analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent catheter directed thrombolysis or percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy combined with stent placement. The patency rate of stent was followed up by color Doppler ultrasound. Patients were divided into study group (stent occlusion) and control group (stent patency).Results:The stent patency rate at 6 months was 83.7%, body mass index ( OR=1.245, 95% CI: 1.097-1.413), time of thrombosis more than 2 weeks ( OR=3.899, 95% CI: 1.147-13.257), low thrombus clearance ( OR=0.238, 95% CI: 0.117-0.486) was the high risk factor of short-term stent occlusion. Stent patency rate at 3 years was 75.3%, body mass index( OR=1.225, 95% CI: 1.076-1.394), thrombosis history more than 2 weeks( OR=11.777, 95% CI: 2.576-53.832), malignant tumor( OR=4.444, 95% CI: 1.153-17.127) , compression therapy( OR=0.332, 95% CI: 0.113-0.977), low thrombus clearance( OR=0.184, 95% CI: 0.089-0.381), long stents( OR=8.427, 95% CI: 2.329-30.488) was the high risk factor for mid-term stent occlusion. Conclusions:Obesity, the duration of thrombus longer than 2 weeks and low thrombus clearance are the high risk factors of early stent occlusion, while malignant tumor, irregular compression therapy and long stents may lead to lower medium and long term patency rate of the stent.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885176

ABSTRACT

Melanoma is a highly aggressive malignant skin tumor characterized by rapid growth and early metastasis. Surgical resection is currently still the main treatment. There are still some challenges in the early diagnosis and thorough surgical resection of melanoma, which affect the prognosis of patients. To date, great progress has been made in the application of fluorescent probes to the diagnosis and surgical resection of, as well as sentinel lymph node localization and resection in melanoma. Fluorescent probes have advantages of good chemical stability, less adverse effects, high specificity, high accuracy and visualization, and may provid new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of melanoma.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 1011-1016, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the epidemic characteristics of epidemic Japanese encephalitis and the antibody level of healthy people in Longnan City, Gansu Province, analyze and evaluate its epidemic risk, and provide scientific basis for future prevention and control of Japanese encephalitis.Methods:By retrospective analysis, the data of Japanese encephalitis cases in Longnan City from 2015 to 2020 were collected from the "Japanese Encephalitis Monitoring Information Report Management System" of the "China Disease Prevention and Control Information System", and the distributions of the cases(time, region and population distribution) were statistically described and analyzed. In 2018, the cluster stratified sampling method was adopted to select Li County and Xihe County with higher incidence rate of Japanese encephalitis in Longnan City, and Wudu District and Hui County with lower incidence rate as monitoring sites, and 3 administrative villages (communities) were selected from each monitoring site to collect blood samples from healthy people to detect the level of Japanese encephalitis IgG antibodies.Results:From 2015 to 2020, a total of 261 cases of Japanese encephalitis were reported in Longnan City, with an average annual incidence of 1.66 per 100 000; among them, the number of reported cases in 2017 and 2018 accounted for 82.38% (215/261) of the total number of cases. The incidence of Japanese encephalitis was mainly concentrated in August, accounting for 72.03% (188/261); 9 counties (districts) in Longnan City had reported cases of Japanese encephalitis, and the top 5 counties (districts) with the number of cases were Li County (68 cases), Xihe County (64 cases), Wudu District (40 cases), Kang County (33 cases) and Cheng County (18 cases), accounting for 85.44% (223/261) of the total number of cases. The age of onset of Japanese encephalitis cases was mainly concentrated in the 40 - < 60 years old, accounting for 40.23% (105/261); male to female ratio was 1.00 ∶ 1.14 (122 ∶ 139); the occupation was mainly farmers, accounting for 75.86% (198/261). A total of 887 sera samples from healthy people were tested, and the antibody positive rate was 91.09% (808/887); the difference in antibody positive rate of different age groups was statistically significant (χ 2 = 5.77, P < 0.05); the differences of positive rate of antibodies between different genders and regions were not statistically significant (χ 2 = 0.45, 2.06, P > 0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of Japanese encephalitis in Longnan City is mainly middle-aged farmers, with a high incidence in August each year. After the outbreak of Japanese encephalitis in Longnan City in 2017 and 2018, it has showed a low epidemic trend, and the positive rate of Japanese encephalitis antibody in healthy people is high. It is recommended to carry out regular monitoring of Japanese encephalitis immunization level of healthy people and strengthen the immunization of key populations in time.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 742-746, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909089

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the influencing factors of death of epidemic Japanese encephalitis (EJE) cases in Longnan City of Gansu Province.Methods:In the EJE Monitoring Information Report Management System of the Chinese Disease Prevention and Control Information System, data on EJE cases with onset from 2014 to 2018 and current address in Longnan City were derived. An "Individual Questionnaire of Epidemic Japanese Encephalitis in Longnan City" was designed, retrospective study was conducted on enrolled cases, their information on demographic data, consultation, onset, clinical classification, and chronic underlying diseases were collected, characteristics of EJE cases and death-related factors were analyzed.Results:From 2014 to 2018, a total of 260 EJE cases were reported in Longnan City, and 259 cases completed the questionnaire. Among them, 70 cases (27.0%) were aged ≥60 years old, 67 cases (25.9%) were severe and extremely severe, and 55 cases (21.2%) had chronic underlying diseases. Among 259 EJE cases, 46 cases died, with a fatality rate of 17.8%. After multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis, age ≥60 years old [odds ratio ( OR)=2.667, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 1.140-6.237], severe and extremely severe ( OR = 2.762, 61.820, 95% CI: 1.053-7.091, 5.149-742.239), and chronic underlying diseases ( OR = 2.489, 95% CI: 1.038-5.964) were risk factors for death in EJE cases. Conclusions:The influencing factors of death of EJE cases in Longnan City are age, clinical classification and chronic underlying diseases. Therefore, we should focus on patients over 60 years old, clinically classified as severe or extremely severe, and suffering from chronic underlying diseases, and strengthen the immunization of EJE vaccine for key populations.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868830

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the use of laparoscopic hepatic vein guided anatomic hepatectomy in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:The clinical and follow-up data of 62 patients who underwent laparoscopic anatomic hepatectomy at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of Southwest Hospital of the Army Medical University from January 2015 to February 2018 and met the inclusion criteria of the study were retrospectively analyzed. The operation procedure as to whether the main hepatic vein was exposed or not was determined. The patients were divided into the hepatic vein-oriented hepatectomy (HVOH) group when the main hepatic vein was exposed, and the traditional anatomic hepatectomy (TAH) group when the main hepatic vein was not shown. The perioperative and follow-up data of the two methods were compared.Results:A total of 31 cases were included in the HVOH group, there were 28 males and 3 females, age ranged from 29.0-70.0 (49.9±11.2) years. A total of 31 cases were included in the TAH group, there were 27 males and 4 females, age ranged from 22.0-73.0 (51.4±12.1) years. There were no significant differences in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, intraoperative conversion to open, and perioperative blood transfusion rates between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative complication was significantly lower in the HVOH group than in the TAH group [9.7% (3/31) vs. 32.2% (10/31)] ( P<0.05), but no serious complications occurred (Clavein Level IV) in this study. The one-year tumor-free survival rate in the HVOH group was significantly higher than that in the TAH group (77.4% vs. 51.6%), ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the 1- and 3-year overall survival rates and tumor-free survival rates between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Laparoscopic hepatic vein-guided anatomic hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma had the potential advantages in reducing the perioperative complication rate, and enhanced the early tumor-free survival rates.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 559-563, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867280

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of interventional therapy via hepatic artery on serum thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) and chemokine ligand 13 (CXCL13) levels in patients undergoing microwave ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:A prospective study was conducted in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated by microwave ablation in our hospital from December 2014 to January 2019. 140 patients were divided into two groups according to random number method. The control group ( n=70) received microwave ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma. The observation group ( n=70) received hepatic artery perfusion chemotherapy before microwave ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma. The clinical effects of the two groups and the changes of serum TK1 and CXCL13 levels before and after treatment were analyzed. Results:The total effective rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (92.9% vs 81.4%; χ 2=2.854, P<0.05). The levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) [(40.4±6.69)U/L vs (52.3±8.33)U/L], alanine aminotransferase (ALT) [(40.1±6.96)U/L vs (49.9±6.97)U/L] and total bilirubin (TBIL) [(24.5±3.96)mmol/L vs (35.2±6.31)mmol/L] in the two groups were significantly decreased after treatment ( P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of TK1 [(10.5±3.69)μg/L vs (15.4±4.28)μg/L] and Survivin [(12.6±2.54)μg/L vs (19.2±4.15)μg/L] in the serum were significantly decreased ( P<0.05), while the levels of gene of phosphate and tension homology deleted on chromsome ten (PTEN) [(46.9±5.33)μg/L vs (30.2±4.77)μg/L] were significantly increased ( P<0.05); the levels of CXCL13 [(20.3±4.58)μg/L vs (32.5±5.11)μg/L], CXCL16 [(23.3±4.77)μg/L vs (31.2±5.24)μg/L] and CXC chemokine receptor 5 (CXCR5) [(10.1±2.77)μg/L vs (14.6±2.96)μg/L] were significantly decreased ( P<0.05). After treatment, the changes of the above indexes in the observation group were more obvious than those in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Interventional therapy via hepatic artery perfusion is more effective for microwave ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma, and can effectively reduce the serum TK1 and CXCL13 levels in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expressions of sphingosine-1-phosphate transporter 2 (SPNS2) and leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor 5 (Lgr5) in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and their correlations with clinicopathological features and prognosis.Methods:A total of 82 cases of squamous cell carcinoma were collected from the paraffin-embedded specimens of laryngeal cancer in Taixing People′s Hospital of Jiangsu Province from March 2012 to March 2016. The expressions of SPNS2 and Lgr5 were detected by immunohistochemistry in 82 cancerous tissues and 50 adjacent normal tissues. The relationships between the expressions of SPNS2 and Lgr5 in patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and clinicopathological features and prognosis were analyzed.Results:The high expression rate of SPNS2 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma tissues was 40.24% (33/82), which was higher than 8.00% (4/50) in normal tissues adjacent to cancer. The high expression rate of Lgr5 in cancerous tissues was 46.34% (38/82), which was higher than 12.00% (6/50) in normal tissues adjacent to cancer. The differences were statistically significant ( χ2=16.008, P<0.001; χ2=16.484, P<0.001). The expression status of SPNS2 was related to tumor size ( χ2=5.713, P=0.017), tumor stage ( χ2=7.071, P=0.008), tumor differentiation degree ( χ2=5.722, P=0.017) and lymph node metastasis ( χ2=6.595, P=0.010). There were significant differences in the expression status of Lgr5 in different tumor stage ( χ2=8.200, P=0.004), tumor differentiation ( χ2=9.435, P=0.002) and lymph node metastasis ( χ2=16.188, P<0.001). The 3-year overall survival rate of patients in SPNS2 low expression group was 90.91%, which was higher than that of patients in SPNS2 high expression group (71.43%, χ2=4.975, P=0.026). The 3-year progression-free survival rate of patients in SPNS2 low expression group was 78.79%, which was higher than that of patients in SPNS2 high expression group (55.10%, χ2=6.113, P=0.013). The 3-year overall survival rate of patients in Lgr5 low expression group was 86.84%, which was higher than that of patients in Lgr5 high expression group (65.91%, χ2=5.801, P=0.016). The 3-year progression-free survival rate of patients in Lgr5 low expression group was 78.95%, which was higher than that of patients in Lgr5 high expression group (56.82%, χ2=6.316, P=0.012). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that differentiation ( RR=0.199, 95% CI: 0.057-0.691, P=0.011), tumor staging ( RR=0.167, 95% CI: 0.053-0.531, P=0.002), SPNS2 ( RR=0.208, 95% CI: 0.072-0.604, P=0.004) and Lgr5 ( RR=0.198, 95% CI: 0.060-0.655, P=0.008) were risk factors for the prognosis of patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Contingency correlation analysis showed a positive correlation between SPNS2 and Lgr5 expressions in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma ( C=0.591, P<0.001). Conclusion:SPNS2 and Lgr5 are highly expressed in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and are closely related to clinicopathological features. And SPNS2 and Lgr5 are risk factors for the prognosis of patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862515

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the epidemic characteristics and spatial clustering of pulmonary tuberculosis in Wuhan from 2011 to 2019, and to provide a scientific basis for formulating intervention strategies and measures. Methods Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted on the epidemic characteristics of tuberculosis data in Wuhan registered in the national tuberculosis information management system in the last 9 years, and spatial autocorrelation analysis was performed on the incidence of tuberculosis in 155 communities or in the city using Arcgis10.5 software. Results From 2011 to 2019, there were 56,432 cases of tuberculosis reported in Wuhan, and the annual average reported incidence rate of tuberculosis was 59.24/100 000. The overall incidence rate showed a fluctuating downward trend, with an average annual decline rate of 1.99%. The ratio of the number of cases between men and women was 2.35:1, and the incidence rate in males was higher than that in females (χ2=285.36,P0,P<0.001), and the high-high aggregation areas of tuberculosis were mainly distributed in Erqi community, Baibuting community, Liujiaoting community, Yijiadun community, Heping Street, Changqian Street, Tonghu farm, Yuxian Town, Zhifang Town, Wulijie Town, Fenghuang Street, Liji Street, and Daoguanhe Street. Conclusion The overall epidemic situation of pulmonary tuberculosis in Wuhan showed a slow downward trend. The main population and the clustering time of cases were relatively fixed, and the overall epidemic showed a certain spatial clustering. Active screening should be carried out for high-risk populations and high-aggregation areas, and effective prevention and control strategies should be developed based on time and location classification.

18.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E304-E310, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862385

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes in biomechanical properties of human cornea after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and predict corneal stiffness after the LASIK surgery. Methods According to the measurement results from corneal visualization scheimpflug technology (Corvis ST), the corneal tangent stiffness coefficient (STSC) and energy absorbed area (Aabsorbed) were calculated. The change patterns of corneal stiffness and viscosity after refractive surgery were analyzed. Results The difference of corneal STSC and Aabsorbed before and after LASIK had a statistical significance (P<0.05). The obtained formula for predicting corneal stiffness after refractive surgery was: Sbefore surgery =1.055bIOPbefore surgery + 0.015CCTbefore surgery,Safter surgery =0.937Sbefore surgery +0.019CCTafter surgery. Conclusions LASIK surgery not only changes corneal thickness, but also reduces corneal stiffness and viscosity. Prediction of corneal stiffness after surgery can provide guidance for the design of clinical surgery and improve the safety of surgery.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828127

ABSTRACT

The decrease of corneal stiffness is the key factor leading to keratoconus, and the corneal collagen fiber stiffness and fiber dispersion are closely related to the corneal biomechanical properties. In this paper, a finite element model of human cornea based on corneal microstructure, namely collagen fiber, was established before and after laser assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). By simulating the Corvis ST process and comparing with the actual clinical results, the hyperelastic constitutive parameters and corneal collagen fiber stiffness modulus of the corneal material were determined before and after refractive surgery. After LASIK, the corneal collagen fiber stiffness modulus increased significantly, and was highly correlated with central corneal thickness (CCT). The predictive relationship between the corneal collagen fiber stiffness modulus and the corresponding CCT before and after surgery was: = exp(9.14 - 0.009CCT ), = exp(8.82 - 0.008CCT ). According to the results of this study, the central corneal thickness of the patient can be used to estimate the preoperative and postoperative collagen fiber stiffness modulus, and then a personalized corneal model that is more consistent with the actual situation of the patient can be established, providing a theoretical reference for more accurately predicting the safe surgical cutting amount of the cornea.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Cornea , Corneal Topography , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ , Myopia
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904006

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Due to adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) being easy to obtain, their rapid proliferation rate, and their multidirectional differentiation capabilities, they have been widely used in the field of regenerative medicine. With the progress of decellularized adipose tissue (DAT) and adipose tissue engineering research, the role of DAT in promoting angiogenesis has gradually been emphasized. @*METHODS@#We examined the biological characteristics and biosafety of DAT and evaluated the stem cell maintenance ability and promotion of growth factor secretion through conducting in vitro and in vivo studies. @*RESULTS@#The tested ASCs showed high rat:es of proliferation and adhered well to DAT. The expression levels of essential genes for cell stem maintenance, including OCT4, SOX2, and Nanog were low at 2–24 h and much higher at 48 and 96 h. The Adipogenic expression level of markers for ASCs proliferation including PPARγ, C/EPBα, and LPL increased from 2 to 96 h. Co-culture of ASCs and DAT increased the secretion of local growth factors, such as VEGF, PDGF-bb, bFGF, HGF, EGF, and FDGF-bb, and secretion gradually increased from 0 to 48 h. A model of full-thickness skin defects on the back of nude mice was established, and the co-culture of ASCs and DAT showed the best in vivo treatment effect. @*CONCLUSION@#The application of DAT promotes wound healing, and DAT combined with ASCs may be a promising material in adipose tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

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