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1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 323-326, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the nutritional status of obese patients prior to bariatric surgery, and to explore the related factors of nutrient deficiency.Methods:Clinical data of 43 patients with obesity who underwent bariatric surgery at Beijing Hospital from Jan. 2011 to Dec. 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Gender, age, BMI, body composition analysis data, blood test data of nutrients were collected. The software of SPSS 20.0 was used to conduct data analysis.Results:Nutrients deficiencies were found for vitamin D (100.0%), iron (26.1%), prealbumin (15.4%) and hemoglobin (7.0%). Hemoglobin, prealbumin, and serum iron levels were significantly higher in male patients than in female patients ( P=0.001, 0.000 and 0.001, respectively). Body fat percentage was negatively correlated with 25 hydroxyvitamin D ( r=-0.983, P=0.017), and positively correlated with serum sodium ( r=0.568, P<0.001). Conclusions:Obesity patients were presented with a variety of nutritional deficiencies before bariatric surgery. A comprehensive nutrients test should be performed before bariatric surgery, to detect and correct nutrient deficiencies preoperatively.

2.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 142-145, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870431

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic value of preoperative fibrinogen and albumin ratio (FAR) in patients with gallbladder carcinoma.Methods The clinicopathological data of 100 patients with gallbladder carcinoma who undergoing radical resection at Beijing Hospital from Feb 2007 to Feb 2019were retrospectively analyzed.The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to determine the optimal cut-off value of FAR,and the prognostic factors were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier method,univariate and multivariate analysis.Results The optimal cut-off value of preoperative FAR for postoperative overall survival was 0.08.FAR was significantly associated with preoperative total bilirubin (TBil)levels,tumor differentiation,T stage,TNM stage,resection margin status,and preoperative CA199 levels (all P<0.05).Multivariate analysis indicated that TNM staging (HR =3.562,95% CI:1.075-11.798,P =0.038) and FAR (HR =2.482,95% CI:1.263-4.875,P =0.008) were independent prognostic factors in patients with gallbladder carcinoma who underwent radical surgery.Conclusion Preoperative FAR is closely related to the prognosis of patients with gallbladder carcinoma and might be useful for the evaluation of prognosis of patients with gallbladder carcinoma.

3.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 662-665, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696879

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of thoracic aorta and coronary calcification,and to analyze the effects of common risk factors on thoracic aorta and coronary calcification.Methods Low dose chest CT was performed in 2 393 asymptomatic subjects who underwent lung cancer screening.The chi-square test and Logistic regression analysis were used.Results The frequency of aortic calcification was 24.73% in total 2 393 subjects.And the frequency of calcification was the highest in the arch.The frequency of aortic calcification was 8.82%,and the frequency of calcification was higher in the left coronary artery than the right coronary artery.The frequency of thoracic aorta and coronary calcification were increasing with age,and the frequency of calcification was higher in male than female (P <0.05).The frequency of calcification was higher in smokers than non-smokers,and the frequency of calcification was higher in smokers (≥30 capsules) than the smokers (<30 capsules) (P<0.05).The age,smoking and chronic bronchitis were associated with thoracic aorta and coronary calcification.Conclusion The detection of calcification of thoracic aorta and coronary in lung cancer screening using low dose chest CT can assess the epidemiological characteristics of atherosclerosis in healthy screening population.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 705-711, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711009

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of stroke prognostication using age and National Institute of Health Stroke Scale index (SPAN) for outcome after early endovascular treatment for anterior circulation large vessel occlusion.Methods The patients who underwent early endovascular treatment were prospectively,sequentially collected in Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College from December 2014 to September 2017 and Jinling Hospital from March 2014 to March 2017.Individuals whose age in years plus NIHSS score was greater than or equal to 100 were designated as SPAN-100-positive patients,while those with a score less than 100 were designated as SPAN-100-negative patients.We compared the baseline data and perioperative data between the two groups.The 90 days modified Rankin Scale score≤2 was regarded as favorable outcome.Single factor and multivariable Logistic regression analyses were used to determine the association between SPAN-100 and outcomes.Results One hundred and ninety patients were enrolled,20 (10.5%) of which were SPAN-100 positive,and 170(89.5%) were SPAN-100 negative.There were no significant differences between the two groups on postoperative intracerebral hemorrhage and 90 days mortality.Ninety days independence rates were higher in SPAN-100-negative patients (77/170,45.3%) than in SPAN-100 positive patients (4/20,20.0%;x2 =4.681,P =0.030).Multi-factor Logistic regression analysis showed that the higher preoperation systolic pressure (OR =1.030,95% CI 1.008-1.052,P =0.007),the lower Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (OR =1.609,95% CI 1.056-2.453,P =0.027) and poor collateral circulation(OR =5.714,95% CI 1.668-19.570,P =0.006) were the independent risk factors of outcomes.Conclusion SPAN-100 is not an independent predictor of favorable outcome after adjusting for factors of outcomes in patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion.

5.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 71-75, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708982

ABSTRACT

The coronary artery calcification score(CACS)is used for risk stratification independent of traditional risk factors,and can effectively predict the incidence of cardiovascular events.As part of a lung cancer screening project, subjects undergoing low-dose chest computed tomography (CT) can also be evaluated for the CACS to determine the risk of cardiovascular disease.These measures can help strengthen public health management. This paper focused on the pathological basis of coronary calcification, the significance of the calcification score,and the application and significance of CACS evaluated with low-dose chest CT in cardiovascular risk screening.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 624-629, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661020

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the synergetic effect and possible mechanism of transplanting mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in combination with interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) on acute liver failure (ALF).Methods MSCs transplantation combined with IL-1Ra was used for a swine model of ALF induced by 85% total hepatectomy.The living conditions,blood samples and survival time were recorded or collected for analysis of hepatic function.Liver injury histology was analyzed.Hepatic cell regeneration and apoptosis were studied by immunohistochemistry staining of Ki67 and TUNELassays respectively.The expression levels of AKT and NF-κB were analyzed by Western blotting.Results The difference on the survival time between the model group and combined therapy group was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Combined therapy displayed improvement not only in the serum biochemical conditions but also in the serum inflammatory cytokines.Furthermore,the observed hepatic histopathological score was significantly less compared to model group.In addition,the combined therapy group significantly inhibited the liver cell apoptosis and increased hepatic cell regeneration.Finally,a significant increase in AKT expression and decrease of NF-κB expression (P < 0.05) were observed,which was consistent with their important roles in liver regeneration.Conclusion The combined therapy displayed a synergistic effect on liver regeneration,by promoting restoration and reconstruction of ALF,through regulation of inflammation and apoptosis signaling network.

7.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 757-760, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614148

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the dynamic electrocardiogram (ECG) changes of head-up tilt test in patients with suspected vasovagal syncope. Methods: A total of 502 outpatients of our hospital with suspicious vasovagal syncope from 2015-08 to 2016-12 were enrolled. All patients received head-up tilt test with synchronization of 12 lead ECG. Based on head-up tilt test result, the patients were divided into 2 groups: Positive group,n=244 and Negative group,n=258. The P wave duration, corrective QT (QTc) duration and P wave axis in ECG were compared between 2 groups. Results: Compared with Negative group, Positive group had the longer P wave duration (95.65±38.50) ms vs (88.61±17.09) ms,P<0.05; P wave axis was right shifted before syncope (69.87±18.18)° vs (66.82±16.51)° , while left shifted during syncope (62.87±25.39)° vs (68.47±15.30)° and after syncope (56.87±22.45)° vs (68.49±16.35)°, allP<0.05; the shorter QTc duration before syncope (418.69±92.35) ms vs (435.76±59.29) ms,P<0.05. Conclusion: The patients with vasovagal syncope had some speciifc ECG features during head-up tilt test including P wave duration, P wave axis and QTc duration, those may play certain forewarning function for vasovagal syncope onset.

8.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 491-494, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512355

ABSTRACT

Objective Head and neck cancer radiotherapy patients often appear a series of oral complications including mucositis, xerostomia, pain, dysphagia.The purpose of this study was to investigate whether personalization customized positioning oral stent was able to push normal tissue off the high dose target area and maintain accurate repeatable stable positions, thus protecting the normal tissue during radiotherapy of the nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients.Methods 15 newly diagnosed nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients were collected from March to August 2016 in Department of Radiation Oncology, Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Region and randomly divided into trial group and control group.Two groups of patients were treated with intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).Trial group patients wear personalization customized oral positioning stents during radiotherapy while the control group did not wear.After radiotherapy, we compared the exposure doses of clinical target area(CTV) and normal oral tissue in two groups.ResultsThe left parotid gland radiotherapy doses of the trail group and the control group were 2223.557±294.549 cGy and 2900.563±374.660 cGy, the difference was statistically significant(t=3.847, P=0.002);the right parotid gland radiotherapy doses of the trail group and control group were 2284.957±256.673 cGy and 2994.670±339.264 cGy, the difference was statistically significant(t=4.512, P=0.001).The mean exposure doses of CTV in two groups were no statistically significant difference (6142.829±135.986 cGy vs 173.306±6221.825 cGy, t=0.971, P=0.349.Conclusion During the intensity modulated radiation therapy, patients with personalization customized oral positioning stents can keep the mandible in a precise repeatable stable position.And it can reduce the exposure dose of bilateral parotid without affect the radiotherapy effect of the clinical target area.

9.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 174-180, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512029

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a porcine model of liver failure after different percent hepatectomy.Methods The porcine models of liver failure 75%,85%,95% hepatectomy were developed and the living conditions and survival time were recorded.The blood samples of pre-surgery,post-hepatectomy d1,d3,d5 and post-hepatectomy 1 week,2 weeks,and 3 weeks were collected for hepatic function analysis.Histological examination of liver tissues was performed using HE staining.Liver injury histology was interpreted and scored in the terminal samples.Results The average survival time of pigs with post-hepatectomy liver failure after 75%,85%,95% hepatectomy was 19.0±5.6 days,17.3±5.5 days,1.3±1.5 days,respectively.Their pathological scores were 5.67±0.52,8.17±0.82 and 8.50±0.71,respectively.With the increase of percent hepatic resection,the incidence of hepatic failure was increasing.ALT,AST,ALP,LDH and TBA were dramatically increased in the pigs after 85% hepatectomy.Conclusions The pig model of acute liver failure by 85% hepatectomy is successfully established,which can cause typical acute liver failure in Bama miniature pigs.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 785-791, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611726

ABSTRACT

In recent years, a rapid development has been achieved in the clinical prevention of hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence after liver transplantation, especially in perioperative management, which are supported by the results of evidence-based studies.However, due to the complicated procedures and varied risk factors for liver transplantation, the prevention of postoperative carcinoma recurrence remains a challenge and a focus of research in liver transplantation.This study reviews the perioperative measures for the prevention of hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence after liver transplantation, aiming to shed some light on this aspect for graduates and clinicians of surgery.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 1711-1715, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668713

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the impact of different reconstruction parameter setting of knowledge-based iterative model reconstruction (IMR) technique on image quality of low-dose hepatic contrast-enhanced CT.Methods Forty patients underwent hepatic contrast-enhanced CT scanning were enrolled.Plain CT and triphasic contrast-enhanced CT scans,including hepatic arterial phase,portal-venous phase and delayed phase were performed.Low-dose scan was used in delayed phase,with tube voltage of 80 kV and tube current of 150 mAs.Images of delayed phase were reconstructed with both filtered back projection (FBP) and IMR techniques.Parameter setting applied in IMR reconstructions consisted of body routine and body soft tissue modes with three levels (Level 1-3),so 6 subgroups (R1,R2,R3,S1,S2,S3) were included.Subjective and objective evaluations of image quality were compared among those groups.Subjective evaluations included the scores of low contrast detectability (LCD),image distortion (ID) and diagnostic confidence (DC).Objective evaluations included image noise,signal to noise ratio (SNR) and contrast to noise ratio (CNR).Results There were statistical differences of scores in LCD,ID and DC among all the reconstruction parameter setting groups (all P<0.01).The noise,SNR and CNR among different parameter setting groups had statistically significant differences (all P<0.01).Except for subgroup S1 and subgroup R2,subgroup S2 and subgroup R3 (all P>0.05),the other multiple comparisons showed significant differences (all P<0.01).Conclusion IMR can improve image quality of low-dose hepatic contrast-enhanced CT.IMR reconstruction parameter setting of S1 and R2 are optimal for low-dose hepatic contrast-enhanced CT protocal.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 694-699, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667435

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the therapeutic effects of soluble cytokines secreted by mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on acute liver failure (ALF).Methods MSCs isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats were determined by FACS analysis.Conditioned medium derived from MSCs (MSCs-CM) was collected and analyzed by a cytokine microarray.SD rats were divided into 3 groups:(1) ALF + dulbecco's modified eagle medium (DMEM) group:1 ml DMEM was injected into SD rats after D-Gal administration;(2) ALF + MSCs group:1 ml MSCs (1 × 106) was injected into SD rats after D-Gal administration;(3) ALF + MSCs-CM group:1 ml MSCs-CM was injected into SD rats after D-Gal administration.Biochemical indicators,survival rate,histology and inflammatory factors were studied.Exogenous recombinant rat IL-10,antirat IL-10 antibody and AG490 (STAT3 signaling pathway inhibitor) were administrated to explore the therapeutic mechanism of MSCs-CM.Results The respective serum biochemical indexes of ALF + DMEM group,ALF + MSCs group,and ALF + MSCs-CM group were:ALT (1 709.8 ± 372.1,865.5 ± 52.8,964.7 ± 414.6 U/L),AST (4234.0 ± 807.3,2440.8 ± 511.9,2739.8 ± 587.3 U/L),andTBil (79.3 ± 10.9,43.8 ± 7.0,61.2 ± 6.7 μg/L).The survival rates of the three groups were 10.0%,80.0%,and 70.0%,respectively.The levels of inflammatory factors in each group were IFN-γ (69.8 ± 4.7,46.4 ± 4.3,54.6 ± 2.4pg/ml),IL-1β (58.5 ± 7.6,40.5 ± 6.9,44.1 ± 6.0pg/ml),IL-6 (71.9 ± 16.1,38.4 ± 7.7,45.3 ± 9.0),and IL-10 (38.3 ± 6.0,75.4 ± 11.1,59.6 ± 11.9 pg/ml).Protein microarray results suggested that MSCs-CM expresses a variety of inflammatory-related cytokines,with IL-10 levels being most pronounced.IL-10 (ALT 1 126.9 ± 419.3 U/L,AST2370.8 ± 561.2 U/L) alone significantly reduced transaminase levels compared with ALF group (ALT 1 709.8 ± 372.1 U/L,AST 4234.0 ± 807.3 U/L),while anti-IL-10 antibody (ALT 1 568.5 ± 325.4 U/L,AST4043.7 ± 819.0 U/L) neutralized the therapeutic effect of MSCs-CM (ALT 964.7 ± 414.6 U/L,AST 2 739.8 ± 587.3 U/L).IL-10 could significantly increase the level of pSTAT3 in ALF rats (0.93 ± 0.03 vs 0.68 ± 0.01),while STAT3 inhibitor AG490 (0.84 ± 0.04) could decrease the expression of pSTAT3 and reverse the therapeutic effect of IL-10.Conclusion The factors released by MSCs,especially IL-10,have the potential therapeutic effect on ALF,and STAT3 signaling pathway may mediate the anti-inflammation effects of IL-10.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1183-1190, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664829

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of preoperative nutritional support (PNS) therapy in the hepatectomy of patients with nutritional risk.Methods The prospective study was conducted.The clinical data of 133 patients with nutritional risk who were admitted to the Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical School from August 2012 to June 2016 were collected.All the patients undergoing PNS and traditional therapy were divided into the PNS group and the control group by random number table method,respectively.Observation indicators:(1) comparisons of laboratory indexes between groups;(2) comparisons of postoperative situations between groups;(3) comparisons of postoperative complications between groups.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as-x±s.Comparisons between groups were evaluated with the independent-sample t test.Comparisons of count data were analyzed using the chi-square test,and repeated measures data were analyzed by the repeated measures ANOVA.Results All the 133 patients were screened for eligibility,including 68 in the PNS group and 65 in the control group.(1) Comparisons of laboratory indexes between groups:alanine transaminase (ALT),aspartate transaminase (AST),total bilirubin (TBil),cholinesterase,albumin (Alb),prealbumin,transferrin and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the PNS group were respectively (36± 13) U/L,(29± 10) U/L,(18.5±2.4) mmol/L,(5 738± 1 824) U/L,(37.4±5.1) g/L,(155±48) mg/L,(2.2±0.5)g/L,(10±4) g/L at admission and (33 ± 9) U/L,(27 ± 8) U/L,(17.9± 1.8) mmol/L,(5 796± 2 016) U/L,(38.5 ± 4.7) g/L,(181 ± 40) mg/L,(2.4± 0.5) g/L,(8± 4) g/L before operation and (285±100)U/L,(218±93)U/L,(33.5±6.3)mmol/L,(4 847±1 044)U/L,(32.6±3.8)g/L,(105±34)mg/L,(1.3±0.4) g/L,(55±28) g/L at 1 day postoperatively and (149±84) U/L,(76±42) U/L,(22.7±4.9) mmol/L,(3 866±893) U/L,(34.2±2.4) g/L,(125±30) mg/L,(1.6±0.4) g/L,(51±34) g/L at 3 days postoperatively and (64±33) U/L,(44±18) U/L,(19.4±2.8) mmol/L,(4 257± 1 032) U/L,(37.0±2.1) g/L,(148±42) mg/L,(1.9±0.4)g/L,(16±11)g/L at 7 days postoperatively;ALT,AST,TBil,cholinesterase,Alb,prealbumin,transferrin and CRP in the control group were respectively (36± 15)U/L,(31± 12)U/L,(18.3±2.9)mmol/L,(5 762±1 693)U/L,(37.3±6.1)g/L,(162±51)mg/L,(2.3±0.5)g/L,(10±4)g/L at admission and (36±11)U/L,(30±11)U/L,(18.2±2.8)mmol/L,(5 789±1 673)U/L,(37.8±7.1)g/L,(166±57) mg/L,(2.3±0.6) g/L,(9±5) g/L before operation and (305±127) U/L,(246± 104) U/L,(34.2±7.8) mmol/L,(4 842±1 173)U/L,(32.0±4.1) g/L,(83±32) mg/L,(1.2±0.4) g/L,(61 ±31) g/L at 1 day postoperatively and (163±104)U/L,(82±62)U/L,(23.1±6.0)mmol/L,(3 672±937) U/L,(33.8±3.6) g/L,(106±30)mg/L,(1.4±0.4)g/L,(61±40)g/L at 3 days postoperatively and (77±48) U/L,(52±27) U/L,(20.2±3.5) mmol/L,(3 925±987) U/L,(36.6±2.8) g/L,(125±40) mg/L,(1.7±0.4) g/L,(22± 12) g/L at 7 days postoperatively,showing no statistically significant difference in changing trends of above indicators between groups (F =1.007,2.223,0.579,0.014,0.235,3.533,2.970,2.143,P>0.05).Results of further analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in the levels of ALT,AST and cholinesterase at 7 days postoperatively between groups (t=1.832,2.073,1.899,P<0.05),and in the levels of prealbumin before operation and at 1,3 and 7 days postoperatively between groups (t =1.698,3.738,3.625,3.178,P<0.05) and in the levels of transferrin and CRP at 3 and 7 days postoperatively between groups (t=2.917,2.709,1.667,2.990,P<0.05).(2) Comparisons of postoperative situations between groups:time to initial exsufflation,time of initial defecation,infused volume of exogenous albumin and duration of postoperative hospital stay were respectively (46± 15)hours,(64±16)hours,(23±10)g,(9.2±2.6)days in the PNS group and (55±18)hours,(78±21)hours,(39±25)g,(11.7±5.3) days,with statistically significant differences in the above indicators between groups (t =2.830,4.157,5.044,3.497,P<0.05).(3) Comparisons of postoperative complications between groups:23 and 33 patients in the PNS and control groups had postoperative complications,showing a statistically significant difference between groups (x2=3.915,P<0.05).Eight and 17 patients in the PNS and control groups were respectively complicated with peritoneal effusion,with a statistically significant difference between groups (x2 =4.508,P< 0.05).Conclusion PNS therapy in the hepatectomy of patients with nutrition risk can effectively improve pre-and post-operative nutrition statuses,reduce liver damage,accelerate recoveries of liver and gastrointestinal functions,reduce complications,shorten duration of postoperative hospital stay and accelerate patients' recovery.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 624-629, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662922

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the synergetic effect and possible mechanism of transplanting mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in combination with interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) on acute liver failure (ALF).Methods MSCs transplantation combined with IL-1Ra was used for a swine model of ALF induced by 85% total hepatectomy.The living conditions,blood samples and survival time were recorded or collected for analysis of hepatic function.Liver injury histology was analyzed.Hepatic cell regeneration and apoptosis were studied by immunohistochemistry staining of Ki67 and TUNELassays respectively.The expression levels of AKT and NF-κB were analyzed by Western blotting.Results The difference on the survival time between the model group and combined therapy group was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Combined therapy displayed improvement not only in the serum biochemical conditions but also in the serum inflammatory cytokines.Furthermore,the observed hepatic histopathological score was significantly less compared to model group.In addition,the combined therapy group significantly inhibited the liver cell apoptosis and increased hepatic cell regeneration.Finally,a significant increase in AKT expression and decrease of NF-κB expression (P < 0.05) were observed,which was consistent with their important roles in liver regeneration.Conclusion The combined therapy displayed a synergistic effect on liver regeneration,by promoting restoration and reconstruction of ALF,through regulation of inflammation and apoptosis signaling network.

15.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1024-1025,1026, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the content of cyclohexane, ethyl acetate, methanol, methylene chloride and trichloromethane in rupatadine fumarate by headspace gaschromatography. Methods:A DB-WAXETRR capillary column(30 m × 0. 32 mm,0. 25 μm)was used and the carrier gas was nitrogen. The detector was an FID and the inlet temperature was 200℃ . The column temperature program was with the initial temperature of 35℃,maintained 10 min,and then risen to 220℃ with the rate of 20℃·min -1 ,and maintained 5 min. Results:Cyclohexane,ethyl acetate,methanol,methylene chloride and trichloromethane showed a good linear relationship within the range of 77. 590 1- 698. 310 9 μg·ml -1(r = 0. 999 7),102. 166 6- 919. 499 4 μg· ml -1(r = 0. 999 8),62. 744 7- 564. 703 2μg·ml -1(r = 0. 999 9),12. 011 2- 108. 101 1 μg·ml-1(r = 0. 999 6)and 1. 262 8-11. 365 6 μg·ml -1(r = 0. 999 6). The average recovery was 103. 9% ,103. 5% ,104. 9% ,107. 1% and 103. 4% and RSD was 2. 3% ,2. 6% ,3. 1% ,2. 8% and 4. 5%(n = 9),respectively. The five residual solvents were not detected out in rupatadine fumarate. Conclusion:The method is stable,simple,sensitive and accurate,and can be used for the determination of residual solvents in rupatadine fumarate.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 702-708, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502362

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the most effective route of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation (MSCs) in D-galactosamine (D-gal) induced porcine model with acute liver failure (ALF) and the potential mechanism.Methods BA-MA mini-pigs with D-gal-induced ALF were transplanted with porcine mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) through four routes:intraportal injection (InP),peripheral intravenous injection (PV),hepatic intra-arterial injection (AH) and intrahepatic injection (IH).The survival time was recorded.The blood samples before and after MSC transplantation were collected for detecting liver function.Liver histology was interpreted and scored.Hepatic apoptosis and regeneration were detected by Terminal Deoxynucleotidyl Transferase dUTP Nick End Labeling (TUNEL) assay and Ki-67 assay.The protein expression of cleaved caspase-3,survivin,AKT and ERK were analyzed by Western blot.Results The average survival time in each group was (10.7 ±1.6) days (InP),(6.0 ±0.9) days (AH),(4.7 ±1.4) days (PV),(4.3 ± 0.8) days (IH) when compared with D-gal group [(3.8 ± 0.8) days].The histopathological scores revealed a significantly decrease in InP group (3.17 ± 1.04,P <0.05) and AH group (8.17 ± 0.76,P < 0.05) when compared with that in D-gal group (11.50 ± 1.32).The apoptosis rate in InP group (25.0 ± 3.4%,P < 0.05) and AH group (40.5 ± 1.0%,P < 0.05) was lower than that in D-gal group (70.6 ± 8.5%).The expression of active caspase-3 was inhibited,while the expression of survivin,AKT and ERK was elevated in InP group.Conclusions The intraportal injection was superior to other pathways for MSCs transplantation.Intraportal MSC transplantation could improve liver function,inhibit cell apoptosis,promote cell proliferation and prolong the survival in porcine ALF model.

17.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 220-225, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487895

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT:Objective To investigate changes in the neutrophils in rats with D-galactosamine (D-GalN)-induced acute liver failure (ALF)and to explore the therapeutic effect of interventions treatment of neutrophils on ALF.Methods Liver function,the expressions of inflammatory cytokines TNF-αand IL-1β,and the changes of neutrophils in the peripheral blood and the liver were observed in rats with D-GalN (intraperitoneal injection)-induced ALF.SD rats were randomly divided into three groups when treated with intervention of neutrophils:control group,ALF group (intraperitoneal injection of D-GalN),and treatment group (intravenous injection of anti-PMN serum via tail vein 24 h before modeling).Biochemical analysis was used to detect serum ALT,AST, TBIL and blood ammonia.Hematology analyzer was applied to analyze the number and percentage of peripheral blood neutrophils.The number of neutrophils in the liver was evaluated by immunohistochemistry.Liver RT-PCR was adopted to detect the mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines TNF-αand IL-1β.Results We found that 6 h after D-GalN injection,serum ALT,AST,TBIL and blood ammonia in ALF rats were significantly increased (P <0.05).The mRNA expression levels of inflammatory cytokines TNF-αand IL-1βin the liver reached the peak at 6 h after modeling (P <0.001),and it was still notably higher at 24 h than before modeling (P <0.001 ).The number and percentage of peripheral blood neutrophils and the number of neutrophils in the liver were all markedly increased 12 h after modeling (P <0.001 ),and the increase continued at least until 24 h (P <0.001 ).24 h after intravenous injection of anti-PMN serum via tail vein,ALF rats had a distinct decrease in the number of peripheral blood neutrophils and neutrophils in the liver 24 h after modeling (P <0.001).Meanwhile,serum ALT,AST,TBIL and blood ammonia were all greatly decreased compared with those in ALF group (P <0.05);a significant reduction of hepatocyte apoptosis was observed.Also,the expressions of TNF-α and IL-1β in the liver were remarkably decreased after treatment (P <0.05).Conclusion Neutrophils accumulated in peripheral blood and liver of rats with D-GalN-induced ALF.The treatment of anti-PMN serum may have a therapeutic effect on liver function and immune microenvironment in ALF rats.

18.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine ; (12): 142-146, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500583

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and molecular mechanism ofSPHK1 in the invasion and metastasis process of non-small-cell lung cancer cells(A549).Methods:Recombinant retrovirus was used to mediate the production ofA549/vector,A549/SPHK1,A549/scramble, andA549/SPHK1/RNAi that stably expressed or silencedSPHK1.The invasion and migration capacities of A549 cells overexpressing or silencingSPHK1 were determined usingTranswell invasion assay and scratch wound repair experiment.The protein and mRNA expression levels ofE-cadherin, fibronectin, vimentin inA549/vector,A549/SPHK1,A549/scramble,A549/SPHK1/RNAi were detected withWestern blot(WB) and quantitativePCR(QPCR) methods, respectively.Results:Transwell invasion assay and scratch wound repair experiments showed that over-expression of SPHK1 obviously enhanced the invasion and migration capacities ofA549 cells.WB andQPCR detection results showed that, the expression ofE-cadherin(a molecular marker of epithelial cells) and fibronectin, vimentin(molecular markers of mesenchymal cells) inA549 cells was upregulated after overexpression ofSPHK1; whileSPHK1 silencing significantly reduced the invasion and metastasis capacities ofA549cells, upregulated the expression of molecular marker of epithelial cells, and downregulated the expression of molecular marker of mesenchymal cells. Conclusions:SPHK1 promotes epithelial mesenchymal transition of non-small-cell lung cancer cells and affects the invasion and metastasis capacities of these cells.

19.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 753-756, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479711

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the expression of odontoblast related proteins in dental pulp stem cells(DPSCs)induced by BMP-7.Methods:DPSCs were cultured in the common culture medium or medium supplemented with 1 00 ng/ml BMP-7.Electron microscope,CCK8 and immunohistochemical staining were carried out to estimate the cell morphology and differentiation.Results:In-duced by BMP-7,the morphology of DPSCs was not changed,the proliferation of DPSCs was slower than that of the cells without BMP-7 treatment.DPSCs were negative for the expression of DSPP,DMP-7 and ALP.However,DPSCs were found strongly positive for DSPP,DMP-7 and ALP after the induction of BMP-7.Conclusion:BMP-7 induction may promote the differentiation of DPSCs.

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Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 370-375, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470337

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of structured triglyceride on hepatic function,nutritional status,inflammatory reaction and immunologic function of patients with primary liver cancer after hepatectomy.Methods A prospective,double-blind,randomized,controlled clinical trial was conducted based on the clinical data of 80 patients with primary liver cancer who underwent hepatectomy at the Drum Tower Hospital from January 2011 to December 2012.All the 80 patients were allocated into the testing group (40 patients) and the control group (40 patients) based on a random number table,and received isometrical nitrogen and isocaloric parenteral nutritional support therapy for 7 days after operation.Structured triglyceride (STG) and physical mixed medium chain/long chain triglycerides (MCT/LCT) were applied to the patients in the testing group and the control group,respectively.The hepatic function,nutritional status,inflammatory reaction,immunologic function and prognosis of patients were compared between the 2 groups.The measurement data with normal distribution were presented as (x) ± s.The comparision between groups was evaluated with an independent sample t test.The trend analyses for variables were done using the repeated measures ANOVA.The measurement data with skew distribution were described as M(P25,P75) and analyzed by the analysis of variance.The count data were analyzed using the chi-square test.Results All the 80 patients who were screened for eligibility were randomly divided into the testing group (40 patients) and the control group (40 patients).The alanine transaminase (ALT),aspartate transaminase (AST),prealbumin,choline esterase,C-reactive protein,IgG,IgM,IgA,CD3 +,CD4 +,CD8 + and CD4 +/CD8 + in the 2 groups showed a range of variations before operation and at postoperative day 5 and 7.The ALT,AST,prealbumin,choline esterase,C-reactive protein,IgG,IgM,IgA,CD3 +,CD4 +,CD8 + and CD4+/CD8 + from preoperation to postoperative day 7 were from (36 ± 10)U/L,(37 ± 13)U/L,(233 ±42)mg/L,(154±32)U/L,(8.1 ±1.6)mg/L,(14±5)g/L,(3.2±1.3)g/L,(2.1 ±1.3)g/L,55.6%±6.8%,37.5%±2.0%,25.9%±2.9% and 1.5 ±0.5 to (83 ±33)U/L,(63 ±42)U/L,(208 ±37)mg/L,(145 ±26)U/L,(30.3 ±8.6)mg/L,(12 ±3)g/L,(2.8 ±1.6)g/L,(2.0 ±1.2)g/L,46.2%±3.9%,33.4%±3.1%,27.9%±3.0% and 1.2 ±0.4 in the control group,and from (36 ± 12)U/L,(36 ± 14)U/L,(231 ±45)mg/L,(149 ±25)U/L,(7.6 ± 1.8)mg/L,(13 ±5)g/L,(3.3 ±0.7)g/L,(2.1 ± 1.1)g/L,54.2%±6.3%,37.6%±3.5%,24.8%±3.4% and 1.5 ±0.4 to (43 ±30)U/L,(40 ±33)U/L,(255 ±44)mg/L,(153 ±27)U/L,(21.7 ±11.2)mg/L,(17 ±4)g/L,(4.1 ± 1.7)g/L,(2.4 ± 1.9)g/L,57.9%±3.2%,39.2% ± 2.9% 22.7% ± 3.4% and 1.7 ± 0.4 in the testing group,respectively,showing significant differences between the 2 groups (F =94.71,86.40,64.22,16.77,8.18,37.23,11.52,22.58,50.30,26.44,13.16,44.84,P < 0.05).There were no significant differences in the level of ALT,AST,prealbumin,choline esterase,C-reactive protein,IgA,CD8 + and CD4 +/CD8 + at postoperative day 5 between the 2 groups (t =1.24,1.03,0.91,1.02,0.53,0.68,1.61,0.98,P>0.05).There were significant differences in the IgG,IgM,CD3+and CD4 + at postoperative day 5 between the 2 groups (t =2.58,3.15,3.87,2.46,P < 0.05).There were significant differences in the levels of ALT,AST,prealbumin,choline esterase,C-reactive protein,IgG,IgM,IgA,CD3 +,CD4 +,CD8 + and CD4 +/CD8 + at postoperative day 7 between the 2 groups (t =4.83,2.79,5.58,2.12,3.10,2.53,4.17,2.35,3.45,2.98,3.12,3.75,P <0.05).The body weight of patients at postoperative day 7 and duration of hospital stay in the control group were (57 ± 6) kg and (9.9 ± 1.5) days,which were significantly different from (61 ± 8) kg and (8.8 ± 1.3) days in the testing group (t =3.67,2.71,P < 0.05).Conclusion Structured triglyceride can effectively improve the recovery of hepatic function,nutrition status and immunologic function and reduce inflammatory reaction for the patients with primary liver cancer after hepatectomy.

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