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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 19-25, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907007

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To s tudy the impr ovement effects of tilianin on the atherosclerosis (AS)model mice and its potential mechanism. METHODS Eight C 57BL/6J mice were taken as the normal group. Forty ApoE-/- mice were randomly divided into model group ,tilianin low-dose ,medium-dose and high-dose groups [ 2.1,3.5,7.0 mg/(kg·d)] and simvastatin group [positive control drug ,3.5 mg/(kg·d)],with 8 mice in each group. Normal group was given normal diet ,and other groups were given high-lipid diet to induce AS model. At the same time ,normal group and model group were given normal saline intragastrically , administration groups were given relevant drug intragastrically ,once a day ,for 12 consecutive weeks. The levels of TC ,TG, LDL-C,HDL-C,Ox-LDL,IL-1β,IL-6,MCP-1 and TNF-α in plasma were determined. The pathomorphological changes of the aorta in mice were observed. The positive rate of ICAM- 1,VCAM-1 and PCNA in the aorta were determined. mRNA expressions of MMP- 2,MMP-9,TGF-β1,Smad2 and Smad 3 as well as protein expressions of TGF-β1,Smad2/3 and p-Smad 2/3 were also determined in aorta of mice. RESULTS Compared with normal group ,the plasma levels of TC ,TG,LDL-C,Ox-LDL,IL-1β, IL-6,MCP-1 and TNF-α in model group were increased significantly(P<0.01),while HDL-C level was significantly reduced (P<0.01). Lipid plaques were formed in the aorta ,and the plaque area was large and caused severe stenosis of the lumen. mRNA expressions of MMP- 2,MMP-9,TGF-β1,Smad2 and Smad 3 as well as positive rate of ICAM- 1,VCAM-1,PCNA and protein expression TGF-β1,Smad2/3,and p-Smad 2/3 in the aorta were significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with model group , most of above indexes of medication groups were improved significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Tilianin can inhibit the activation of TGF-β1/Smads signaling pathway and then inhibit the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells ,reduce , inflammation and regulate lipid metabolism to inhibit the No.81960766) formation of AS.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of single-center children with low and intermediate-risk neuroblastoma (NB), report the long-term follow-up results of the growth and survival quality, and provide a basis for further clinical research.Methods:Clinical characteristics, including the sex, age, stage, risk of disease, and metastatic site of 370 newly treated children with low and intermediate-risk NB admitted to Hematology Oncology Center, Beijing Children′s Hospital from March 2007 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis.WHO Anthro Plus was used for calculating Z score.Results:A total of 370 eligible children with low and intermediate-risk NB were included, with the mean age at onset of 16.8 months (1-191 months). Among them, 148 cases (40%) were younger than 12 months old.Mediastinal region was the most common primary site of NB (47.8%, 177 cases), followed by retroperitoneum/adrenal gland (41.4%, 153 cases). The median follow-up time of 370 patients was 31 months (0.3-157.0 months), the 5-years event free survival (EFS) and 5-year overall survival (OS) were 86.2% and 96.9%, respectively.Thirty-seven cases had growth and deve-lopment problems, of which 22 cases had stunted growth, 6 cases had low body mass, 9 cases had wasting, and 7.3%(27/370 cases) had scoliosis.5.5% of them had heart damage and 5.0%(18/357 cases) had kidney damage, involving 12 cases related to the primary tumor and 6 cases were surgically related.30.2%(95/315 cases) of them had hair changed after chemotherapy, and curly hair was the most common change.Compared with before treatment, 14.9% of the children had a personality change, with an impatient being the most common.Conclusions:The 5-year overall survival rate of the single-center large sample of low and intermediate-risk NB was high, mediastinal was the most common primary site of tumor, and the long-term quality of life is good, but there were still treatment-related side effects, and further clinical monitoring and long-term follow-up were needed.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the causes of death and severe complication in the early diagnosis of children with neuroblastoma (NB), and to analyze the relative factors of early death of children with NB, so as to raise awareness and reduce early mortality by early detection and early intervention.Methods:Patients with newly diagnosed NB in the Hematology Oncology Center of Beijing Children′s Hospital from April 2007 to December 2017 were included consecutively, and those died within 1 month after diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed.The general data of patients, immediate causes of death, complications, time elapsed between death and diagnosis, whether to receive chemotherapy and other information were collected.Results:A total of 654 cases were included for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up, 31 cases of which died in early stage, accounting for 4.7% of the total.The major complication were pulmonary infection in 18 cases (58.1%) and bone marrow suppression after chemotherapy in 17 cases (54.8%), tumor rupture hemorrhage in 16 cases (51.6%), multiple organ failure in 8 cases (25.8%). Risk factor analysis of the 31 early death cases with NB was conducted.Single factor analysis: there were statistical differences between early death group and non-early death group in risk grouping ( P=0.006 6), bone marrow invasion ( P=0.020 7), site of primary tumor ( P=0.016 7), age ( P=0.003 3), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level ( P<0.000 1), neuron-specific enolase (NSE) level ( P<0.000 1), serum ferritin level ( P=0.016 0), D dimer level ( P<0.000 1), fibrinogen level ( P=0.002 7), diameter of tumor ( P<0.000 1), hemoglobin ( P<0.000 1), platelet level ( P<0.000 1), serum albumin level ( P<0.000 1). Multiple-factor analysis: age younger than 30 months, OR=2.824 (95% CI: 1.084-7.359), LDH level greater than 1 004 IU/L, OR=6.991 (95% CI: 2.135-22.887), albumin level less than 36 g/L, OR= 65.237 (95% CI: 2.024-13.545), hemoglobin level less than 92 g/L, OR=5.358 (95% CI: 2.024-13.545), platelet level less than 192×10 9/L, OR=3.554 (95% CI: 1.267-9.965). Conclusions:Strengthening vital signs detection after admission, identifying severe life-threatening complications such as rupture of tumors as early as possible, implementing symptomatic interventions such as appropriate sedation and active transfusion of blood products as early as possible after invasive operation, and transferring to intensive care unit for respiratory support when necessary are important means to avoid early death.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907910

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics, treatment response and long-term postoperative complications in children with neuroblastoma (NB) in the pelvic and sacral regions as the primary site.Methods:The clinical characteristics of 16 NB children (8 males and 8 females) with primary pelvic and sacral admitted to the Department of Hematology Oncology Center in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 2007 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively with respect to the age at first diagnosis, primary tumor site, tumor size, clinical stage, risk grouping, and other clinical characteristics.The clinical characteristics of the patients who were followed up for regular treatment were analyzed, and the postoperative complications of the patients were summarized, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis.Results:The median age at diagnosis of these 16 children was 23.0 months (5.7-102.0 months), of which 6 cases (37.5%) were younger than 12 months old.All these children received chemotherapy, with a median of 6 (1-8) courses of chemotherapy.Fifteen children received surgical resection of the pelvic tumor, with complete resection in 12 cases (80%). The surgical approach was mainly transabdominal (86.7%, 13/16 cases). The median follow-up time of these children was 33.5 (8-136) months.The patella was absent in 3 patients (18.8%) after the operation, and no permanent neurological damage occurred in all patients.Five-year overall survival (OS) rate was 100%.Conclusions:A single-center summary showed a high survival rate for NB patients in the pelvic and sacral regions.Complete tumor resections combined with chemotherapy could be effective measures and rare cases occurred permanent postoperative neurological complications.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment effect and prognosis of children with nearly diploid neuroblastoma (NB).Methods:A retrospective analysis of the general clinical characteristics (including age, Gender, risk grouping, location of primary tumor, etc.), laboratory test results, treatment and recent prognosis of NB children with nearly diploidy in bone marrow chromosomes by G-banding technology who admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2015 to December 2018. Kaplan- Meier method was adopted to calculate survival rate.Univariate analysis was performed using Log- Rank test, and multivariate analysis was conducted with Cox regression model. Results:A total of 43 patients, including 27 males and 16 females, with diagnosis were included, with 14 cases in the hypodiploid group and 29 cases in the hyperdiploid group, and the median age was 35.5 months.The 43 children were all in the high-risk group of International Neuroblastoma Staging System(INSS)-Ⅳ.The primary tumors were mainly located in the retroperitoneal adrenal region (83.7%, 36/43 cases). The largest diameter of the tumors was more than 10 cm (53.5%, 23/43 cases), and often accompanied by 2 or more metastases at the time of consultation.In terms of chromosome karyotype and chromosome karyotype of 14 children in the hypodiploid group was 41-45, the most common karyotype was 45 chromosomes[9 cases(64.3%)]. Among 29 children in the hyperdiploid group of the 47 chromosome karyotypes, 11 cases were common (37.9%). Tumor markers were as follows: neuron enolase (NSE) increased in 41 cases children (95.3%) at first diagnosis, and 25 cases (58.1%)> 370 μg/L; 42 cases (97.7%)had lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). The LDH of children in the hypodiploid group was all> 500 U/L, with 1 case was> 10 000 U/L.Nine cases (20.9%) of MYCN gene were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Treatment and prognosis: the total course of chemotherapy for 43 patients was 1-12, 19(44.2%) patients received autologous stem cell transplantation, 21 patients (46.5%) received postoperative or autologous radiotherapy or metaiodobenzylguanidine treatment, 28 children developed or relapsed with a median duration of 13.8 months, and 15 cases (34.9%) died.The median follow-up time of the 14 children in the hypodiploid group was 14.9 months (2-38 months), 12 cases progressed or relapsed, and 7 died.The median follow-up of 29 children in the hyperdiploid group was 20.0 months (8.1-51.6 months), with 16 patients progressed or relapsed and 8 cases died. Kaplan- Meier survival analysis illustrated that the 3-year projected event free survival (EFS) rate of 43 children was 18.4%, of which 17.1% were in the hypodiploid group and 29.8% in the hyperdiploid group. Conclusions:Preliminary analysis reveals that children with nearly diploid NB are mostly in the stage Ⅳ high-risk group over the age of 18 months, and 2 or more metastases at the time of consultation.The 3-year estimated EFS of 43 children was 18.4%, and the prognosis was worse in the hypodiploid group.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882781

ABSTRACT

Embryonal tumors of central nervous system (CNS) are highly invasive malignant tumors that mainly affect infants.Even if the current active treatment strategies are given, the prognosis is still very poor.The 2016 World Health Organization(WHO) classification integrates the genetic information of diseases with histopathology, so as to make the classification and diagnosis of these tumors more accurate.In the new classification, embryonal tumors of CNS include the most common medulloblastoma, and the rare embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes, C19MC-altered, embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes, not otherwise specified (NOS), medulloepithelioma, CNS neuroblastoma, CNS ganglioneuroblastoma, CNS embryonal tumor, NOS, atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor, and CNS embryonal tumor with rhabdoid features.Further study and exploration on the biological nature of these rare brain tumors will provide scientific basis for new treatment methods.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 278-283, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872677

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To s tudy the effects of Dracocephalum moldavica total flavonoids (TFDM)on AMPK/SIRT 1/PGC-1α signaling pathway ,and to explore the mechanism of its protective effect on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI)rats. METHODS:Totally 50 healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group ,model group ,TFDM group [ 60 mg/(kg·d),by extract] ,Compound C+TFDM group [ig administration of 60 mg/(kg·d)TFDM+intravenous injection of 250 μg/kg Compound C(AMPK inhibitor )via tail vein 15 min before reperfusion] ,EX-527+TFDM group [ig administration of 60 mg/ (kg·d)TFDM+ip injection of 5 mg/kg EX- 527(SIRT1 inhibitor)20 min before reperfusion] ,with 10 rats in each group. They were given relevant medicine intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 7 days. After last ig administration ,sham operation group underwent sham operation ,other 4 groups were established MIRI model by ligating left anterior descending coronary artery , ischemia for 30 min and reperfusion for 2 h. After reperfusion ,the myocardial histopathological changes were observed by HE staining;RP-HPLC method was used to determine the contents of ATP ,ADP,AMP and NAD + in cardiac tissue. mRNA expressions of AMPK ,SIRT1 and PGC- 1α were detected by quantitative real-time PCR assay. Western blotting assay was the expressions of SIRT 1 and PGC- 1α protein in myocardium. RESULTS: Compared with sham operation group , model group showed myocardial fib ers arranged disorder and horizontal stripes disappearance ,cell swelling burst and necrosis ,and nuclei deformation displacement ;the contents of ATP and NAD+,mRNA expression of AMPK ,SIRT1 and PGC- 1α,protein expression of SIRT 1 and PGC- 1α in cardiac tissue were decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01);the contents of ADP and AMP ,the phosphorylation level of AMPK protein were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with model group ,myocardial pathological morphology were improved significantly in TFDM group ;the contents of ATP and NAD + in cardiac tissue ,mRNA expression of AMPK ,SIRT1 and PGC- 1α,the phosphorylation level of AMPK protein ,the protein expression of SIRT 1 and PGC- 1α were increased significantly(P<0.05 or P< 0.01),while the contents of ADP and AMP were decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with TFDM group ,improvement effects of Compound C + TFDM group and EX- 527 + TFDM group on above indexes were reversed (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:TFDM may play a protective role on myocardium by activating AMPK/SIRT 1/PGC-1α signaling pathway and regulating energy metabolism.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect fusion gene with pathological significance in a patient with refractory and relapsed acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and to explore its laboratory and clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#Transcriptome sequencing was used to detect potential fusion transcripts. Other laboratory results and clinical data of the patient were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to harbor TCF3 exon 17-ZNF384 exon 7 in-frame fusion transcript. The minimal residual disease (MRD) has remained positive after multiple chemotherapy protocols including CD19-, CD22- targeted chimeric antigen receptor T cells immunotherapy. The patient eventually achieved complete remission and sustained MRD negativity after allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*CONCLUSION@#Transcriptome sequencing can effectively detect potential fusion genes with clinical significance in leukemia. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL has unique laboratory and clinical characteristics, may not well respond to chemotherapy and immunotherapy, and is more likely to relapse. Timely allo-HSCT treatment may help such patients to achieve long-term disease-free survival. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL is not uncommon in pediatric patients but has not been effectively identified.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Child , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Laboratories , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Trans-Activators/genetics , Transcriptome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799289

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the incidence and mutation characteristics of FLT3 gene mutation and clinical efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in patients with mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL).@*Methods@#A total of 48 patients with MPAL who were admitted to Hebei Yanda Lu Daopei Hospital from June 2015 to February 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The common mutated 58 genes in hematologic malignancies were detected by using amplicon-targeted next generation sequencing, of which internal tandem duplication (ITD) and point mutation occurred in the hotspot region of exon 14, 15 and 20 in FLT3 gene. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis was used to detect 35 gene fusions in hematological neoplams.@*Results@#There were 7 cases of FLT3 mutation in 48 MPAL patients, which were all ITD mutations. The median length of the inserts of FLT3-ITD was 48 bp, and one MPAL patient carried 2 multiple length inserts simultaneously, and the median variant allele frequency (VAF) was 40.5% (7.9%-84.7%). There were no statistically significant differences in clinical and genetic characteristics between FLT3 mutation-positive and FLT3 mutation-negative MPAL patients (both P > 0.05). Among 7 FLT3 mutation-positive MPAL patients, 4 cases were often accompanied with RUNX1 mutation. A total of 4 MPAL patients with FLT3-ITD-positive received sorafenib or sunitinib combined chemotherapy, and 3 of them achieved complete remission.@*Conclusions@#ITD mutation is the main part in the FLT3 mutation of MPAL patients. FLT3-ITD-positive MPAL patients are often accompanied with RUNX1 mutation, which may benefit from targeted therapy with FLT3 kinase inhibitor.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features, treatment and outcomes of cervical neuroblastoma (NB) subjected to multi-disciplinary treatment.Methods:The clinical features of cervical NB patients who were admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from February 2015 to October 2018, were retrospectively analyzed.The tumor makers [lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), neuron-specific enolase(NSE), urine homovanillic acid/creatinine(HVA/Crn), and urine vanillyl-mandelic acid/creatinine(VMA/Crn)], index of tumor burden(KTB), bone marrow examination, histopathologic types, N- MYC, gene amplification and 11q23 depletion type, staging and grouping, treatment and outcomes were analyzed.Follow-up was ended on March 31 st, 2019. Results:The 13 cervical NB patients aged from 1 month to 47 months (median age: 10 months), and 8 patients (61.5%) were younger than 18 months old.The course of disease ranged from 0.5 to 24.0 months (median course: more than 1 month). Seven patients (53.8%) presented with cervical masses.According to International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS), 8 patients (61.5%) were identified as stage Ⅱ, 3 patients (23.1%) as stage Ⅲ, and 2 patients (15.4%) as stage Ⅳ.There were 8 patients (61.1%) at low risk, 4 patients (30.8%) at intermediate risk, 1 patient (7.7%) at high risk.As for the laboratory examinations, LDH was increased in 7 patients (53.8%), and normal in 5 patients (38.5%). NSE was increased in 9 patients (69.2%), and normal in 4 patients (30.8%). Urine VMA/Crn was increased in 5 patients (38.5%), and normal in 8 patients (61.5%). HVA/Crn was increased in 8 patients (61.5%), and normal in 5 patients (38.5%). KTB was increased in 5 patients (38.5%), and normal in 5 patients (38.5%). No NB cell was detected in bone marrow of 13 patients.The pathologic type was NB in 9 patients (69.2%), and ganglioneuroma in 4 patients (30.8%). N-MYC gene amplification and 11q depletion were not detected.All the 13 patients accepted regular chemotherapy, radiotherapy and primary tumor resection in accordance with the staging and clinical risk grouping.The range of follow-up time was 5 to 48 months (median: 24 months). All of the patients fi-nished their treatment and were followed up regularly.Nine patients (69.2%) achieved complete remission, 4 patients (30.8%) achieved partial remission, and none of the patients had progression of disease.Conclusions:Cervical NB subjected to multi-disciplinary treatment has a smaller age at admission, mostly presented with cervical masses and rarely accompanied with distant metastasis.They are mostly at low risk or intermediate risk, and can achieve good outcomes after regular treatment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features and prognosis of pediatric non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma (NRSTS), and further understand these tumors.Methods:Twenty-nine NRSTS children were admitted to the Hematological Oncology Ward of Beijing Children′s Hospital from June 2011 to May 2018.The clinical and pathological data of these children were collected, and the relationships of the prognosis with clinical characteristics Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study(IRS) stage, Children′s Oncology Group(COG) risk grouping were analyzed.All the patients were followed up until October 31, 2018.The survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method.Results:There were 14 boys and 15 girls in the enrolled 29 children, aging from 7 to 169 months, with a median age of 59.5 months.There were 10 pathological types, including synovial sarcoma, infantile fibrosarcoma and malignant rhabdomyoid tumors in 5 cases, and other pathological types in 14 cases.Tumors originated from the head and neck in 10 cases, limbs or trunk in 6 cases, visceral sites in 13 cases.Ten cases showed distant metastasis.There were 12 cases at IRS stage Ⅰand Ⅱ, and 17 cases of stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ.All the children were treated with surgery and chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy.Nine cases received preoperative chemotherapy, 17 cases received postoperative chemotherapy, 3 cases could not be resected surgically.The follow-up period ranged from 4 to 89 months, with a median follow-up of 16 months.Six of 29 children died, including 3 cases of malignant rhabdomyoid sarcoma.The 2-year overall survival(OS) rate of all the children was 77.4% and the 2-year event-free survival (EFS) rate of all the children was 53.2%.By analyzing the clinical factors, it was found that the IRS stage, COG risk group, primary sites were related to prognosis.The 2-year EFS rate of children with IRS Ⅰ-Ⅱ and Ⅲ-Ⅳ were 75.0% and 35.9%, respectively ( χ2=7.303, P=0.007), the 2-year OS rate was 100% and 61.8%, respectively( χ2=4.81, P=0.028); The 2-year EFS of children in COG low-risk group and median/high-risk group were 66.7% and 44.7%, respectively( χ2=4.155, P=0.042), the 2-year OS rate of children in COG low and median/high-risk was 100% and 66.3%, respectively( χ2=3.383, P=0.066); the 2-year OS rate of children in visceral and non-visceral sites were 59.3% and 92.9%, respectively ( χ2=4.202, P=0.04). Conclusions:NRSTS in children is heterogeneous, and surgery is the main treatment. Children with primary tumors located in visceral sites and at IRS Ⅲ-Ⅳ had poor outcomes.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864143

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features, therapeutic effects and prognostic factors of children with extracranial malignant germ cell tumor (MGCT), and further to improve the recognition of this disease.Methods:The clinical information and therapeutic effects of children patients diagnosed with MGCT and treated in Hematology-Oncology Center in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2008 to December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, and the risk factors affecting the prognosis were discussed.Results:A total of 35 patients were collected in this study, including 19 girls and 16 boys, with a median age of 71 months.Forty-two point four percent (14/33 cases) of them were <3 year-old, and 39.3% (13/33 cases) of them were >6 year-old.The primary tumors were located at the gonad in 9 cases (6 cases in the ovary and 3 cases in the testis), and extragonadal sites in 26 cases (8 cases in the pelvic cavity, 8 cases in the mediastinum, and 10 cases in the sacrococcygeal region). Five cases were in stage Ⅱ, 16 cases in stage Ⅲ, and 14 cases in stage Ⅳ.Eleven cases were at intermediate risk, and 24 cases were at high risk.All children were followed up for (25.43±4.82) months, and given standard treatment of surgery plus chemotherapy.The 2-year overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate were 87.4% and 67.1%, respectively.The 2-year OS rate and EFS rate in patients at stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ (93.8% and 80.4%, respectively) were significantly higher than those at stage Ⅳ (66.7% and 45.1%, respectively) ( χ2=0.649, 0.739; P=0.021, 0.037). The 2-year EFS rate in patients with and without distant metastasis at the early stage of the disease was 43.8% and 86.9%, respectively, and the differences were significant ( χ2=0.694, P=0.028). The complete remission (CR) rates of intermediate-risk and high-risk children with tumor completely resected at the early stage of the disease were 100.0% (8/8 cases) and 71.4% (5/7 cases), respectively.The CR rate of patients who received 2-4 cycles of chemotherapy and had complete tumor resection after diagnosis by puncture was 72.7% (8/11 cases), and 40.0% (2/5 cases) of the children with incomplete resection got tumor progression.For eight patients with events, their alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels decreased slowly at the early stage of the disease and increased significantly as the disease progressed. Conclusions:The onset-age of MGCT is mainly <3 year-old and >6 year-old.The stan-dard treatment that combines surgery and chemotherapy can achieve a good overall prognosis.Incomplete surgical resection and a slow decline of AFP during treatment contribute to adverse prognosis.The outcomes of patients with tumor progression can be improved by increasing chemotherapy courses, secondary surgery and autologous stem cell transplantation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864041

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize and analyze the results of chromosome karyotype in children with neuroblastoma (NB) with bone marrow metastasis at first diagnosis, and to discuss the clinical significance.Methods:G-banding was applied to the analysis of chromosome karyotype of patients who were regularly treated in the Hematological and Oncology Center in Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017, and all the patients were followed up until December 31, 2018.Their clinical features and prognosis were analyzed.Results:(1) There were 120 cases with bone marrow metastasis, including 74 boys and 46 girls, and 98 cases (81.7%) were ≥ 18 months.Among 60 cases with normal chromosome, 56 cases (93.3%) were in International Neuroblastoma Staging System(INSS)-Ⅳ phase, and 4 cases in INSS-Ⅳs phase; there were 2 low-risk (LR) cases, 9 intermediate-risk (MR) cases, and 49 high-risk (HR) cases (81.7%); 7 cases had MYCN gene amplifications.All 60 patients with chromosome abnormalities were in INSS-Ⅳ phase; there was 1 case in MR and 59 cases (98.3%) in HR; 14 cases had MYCN gene amplifications.(2) Among 60 children (50%) with chromosome abnormalities, 4 children had number abnormalities, 14 children had structural abnormalities, and 42 children had both number and structural chromosome abnormalities.Chromosome 21, 10, 11 deletions were the most common in number abnormalities; structural abnormalities involving 11q, 1p, 3p segments had a high incidence.(3) Seventeen cases of children with normal chromosome had tumor progression or recurrence during the 4 to 44-month follow-up period, and 31 cases of children with chromosome abnormalities had tumor progression or recurrence during the 2 to 42-month follow-up period.The 3-year overall survival rate and event-free survival rate of all children were 60.0% and 48.4%, respectively; children in the normal chromosome group had a 3-year overall survival rate of 74.2% and an event-free survival rate of 65.7%; the 3-year overall survival rate and event-free survival rate of children with chromosome abnormalities were 47.5% and 24.9%, respectively.Most children suffering from tumor progression or recurrence had chromosome 10 deletion, and abnormal structure of 11q, 1p, 2p segments. Conclusion:The chromosomal abnormality rate of Nb children's tumor cells is high, but the repetition rate is low, and the individual difference is obvious.The deletion of chromosome 10, abnormal regional structure of 11q, 1p and 2p segments may be poor prognostic factors for NB.Chromosome karyotype analysis of bone marrow samples is feasible, which can provide a basis for more accurate risk stratification and treatment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the awareness of neuroblastoma (NB) with cervical lymph node metastasis in children patients by summarizing the clinical features of such patients and analyzing their survival situation.Methods:The research analyzed the medical records of 225 patients with cervical lymph node metastasis of NB from April 1, 2007 to May 31, 2017 in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University.The treatment were divided into 2 phases according to treatment time (one from April 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011 and the other from January 1, 2012 to May 31, 2017). The survival situation and treatment effect in each phase were analyzed.The following up time ended at Jan 1, 2018.Results:(1)Clinical features: total 225 cases admitted in the research with about 37.3% of all the NB patients.One hundred girls(44.4%) and 125 boys(55.6%). The age from 2 months to 147 months, the me-dian age of patients was 37 months.The age under 18 months were 27 cases(12.1%). The majority primary site of tumor was located in retroperitoneal(174 cases, 77.3%) and mediastinum(48 cases, 21.3%). There were 33 cases which metastasic site confined to cervical lymph node(4N stage, 14.7%); 139 cases (62.1%) with bone marrow metastasis, 159 cases (71.0%) with bone metastasis.The number of patients in high-risk group was 208 cases(91.2%), while the low-risk and the medium-risk group was 17 cases(7.5%). (2)Treatment effect and survival analysis: a total of 200 cases received systemic treatment and followed-up in our hospital.The follow up time from 2 months to 123 months, the median follow up time was 23 months.The 3 year overall survival (OS) rate of all the patients was 56.4%, the 3 year event free survival (EFS) rate was 52.0%.While the 5-year OS was 46.5%, and the 5-year EFS was 39.7%.According to the first phase of treatment(April 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011), the 3-year EFS was 49.6%, and the 3-year OS was 54.4%, the 5-year EFS was 39.5%, and the 5-year OS was 44.7%.According to the second phase of treatment(January 1, 2012 to May 31, 2017), the 3-year EFS was 58.1%, and the 3-year OS was 57.3%.The 5-year EFS was 48.7%, and the 5-year OS was 46.8%.About the 4N patients, the 3-year EFS was 71.2%, and the 3-year OS was 82.2%.The 5-year EFS was 61.5%, and the 5-year OS was 76.7%.Conclusions:Cervical lymph node is one of the most common distant metastasis of NB.More than half of the patient with bone or bone marrow metastasis.The prognosis of patients′ metastatic disease limited to cervical lymph nodes(4N stage), but still worse than the foreigner haver reported.The probable reason is the proportion of high-risk patients in the center is higher than the foreign research.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863027

ABSTRACT

Neuroblastoma(NB)is the most common extracranial solid tumor in children, characterized by occult onset, high malignancy, and prone to bone, bone marrow and distant organ metastasis.It shows high heterogeneity in biology, genetics, clinic and morphology.So far, the prognosis of high-risk and refractory relapsed NB is still extremely poor.It has been found that various chromosome abnormalities were related to the occurrence, proliferation and metastasis of NB, including abnormalities chromosome number, gene structure , segmental fragmentation and chromatin remodeling.These researches speculated that the genetic variation among individuals during treatment might be one of the main reasons for tumor progression or recurrence.This study will review the molecular genetics related to chromosome abnormalities of NB and provide evidence for finding potential NB targets.

16.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 326-330, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862848

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the infection spectrum revealed by metagenomics high-throughput next-generation sequencing (mNGS), and to provide a reference for infection diagnosis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:A total of 64 patients who developed systemic or local infection symptoms after allo-HSCT in Hebei Yanda Lu Daopei Hospital from January 2018 to November 2018 were enrolled. Gene sequences of pathogenic microorganisms in blood, cerebrospinal fluid and bronchoalveolar fluid specimens were detected by using mNGS. The pathogenic microorganisms or suspected pathogens were determined based on the clinical manifestations of patients.Results:There were 97 samples of mNGS detection for 64 patients who underwent allo-HSCT. The most common gram-positive bacteria were staphylococcus haemolyticus (19 times) and staphylococcus (14 times), and the most common gram-negative bacterium was acinetobacter baumannii (8 times). The most common viruses were cytomegalovirus, EB virus and Torque teno virus (35, 22 and 23 times, respectively), and the most common fungi were malassezia globus (14 times) and candida parapsilosis (8 times). There were 3 mycobacterium tuberculosis complexes detected in 3 patients with acute myeloid leukemia who received allo-HSCT. Mycoplasma orale was detected in one patient's sputum, and none parasite was detected.Conclusion:mNGS can comprehensively reveal the infection spectrum of hematologic diseases after allo-HSCT, especially for pathogenic microorganisms that are rare or difficult to cultivate, and it can effectively help the diagnosis of clinically infectious pathogens.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862794

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence and mutation characteristics of FLT3 gene mutation and clinical efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in patients with mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL).Methods:A total of 48 patients with MPAL who were admitted to Hebei Yanda Lu Daopei Hospital from June 2015 to February 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The common mutated 58 genes in hematologic malignancies were detected by using amplicon-targeted next generation sequencing, of which internal tandem duplication (ITD) and point mutation occurred in the hotspot region of exon 14, 15 and 20 in FLT3 gene. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis was used to detect 35 gene fusions in hematological neoplams.Results:There were 7 cases of FLT3 mutation in 48 MPAL patients, which were all ITD mutations. The median length of the inserts of FLT3-ITD was 48 bp, and one MPAL patient carried 2 multiple length inserts simultaneously, and the median variant allele frequency (VAF) was 40.5% (7.9%-84.7%). There were no statistically significant differences in clinical and genetic characteristics between FLT3 mutation-positive and FLT3 mutation-negative MPAL patients (both P > 0.05). Among 7 FLT3 mutation-positive MPAL patients, 4 cases were often accompanied with RUNX1 mutation. A total of 4 MPAL patients with FLT3-ITD-positive received sorafenib or sunitinib combined chemotherapy, and 3 of them achieved complete remission. Conclusions:ITD mutation is the main part in the FLT3 mutation of MPAL patients. FLT3-ITD-positive MPAL patients are often accompanied with RUNX1 mutation, which may benefit from targeted therapy with FLT3 kinase inhibitor.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803243

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of children with neuroblastoma (NB) complica-ted with lung or pleural metastasis, further to explore the correlation between characteristics and short-term outcome of NB, so as to provide a basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed concerning the age of onset, clinical features, treatment and outcome of 36 patients with NB who were admitted at Blood Tumor Center, Beijing Children′s Hospital of Capital Medical University from December 2007 to December 2017.The diagnostic criteria, therapeutic regimen and therapeutic efficacy criteria of the enrolled children were all based on the NB protocol of Beijing Children′s Hospital of Capital Medical University (BCH-NB-2007), the clinical stage was based on international clinical stage of neuroblastoma (INSS stage), and stratified treatment was conducted according to the BCH-NB risk grouping standard.The follow-up period lasted till October 31, 2018.@*Results@#(1)The common clinical features of grouped children: 36 patients were selected into the group, accounted for 5.99% (36/601 cases) in total hospitalized NB children, they were less than 10 years old, 10 cases under 18 months, and the median age was 29.5 months (9-105 months); 20 cases were male, and 16 cases were female; the primary tumor was located in the retroperitoneal site in 19 cases, accounting for 52.78%, 9 cases in adrenal site, accounting for 25.00%, and 8 cases in mediastinal site, accounting for 22.22%.Risk groups: 29 cases were in high-risk group, 6 cases were in medium-risk group and 1 case was in low-risk group.The main symptoms were of pain onset in 8 cases, fever in 6 cases, local mass in 6 cases, abdominal mass in 4 cases, mediastinal mass in 3 cases, paleness in 3 cases, subcutaneous nodules in 2 cases, abdominal distension in 2 cases, lower limb swelling in 1 case, and diarrhea in 1 case. Among them, 16 cases had respiratory system symptoms first, accounting for 44.4%.(2)Laboratory examination: there were 35 patients of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) ≥25 μg/L on the initial diagnosis, of which 11 cases were more than 370 μg/L, the value of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) ≥717.5 U/L in 25 patients, accounting for 69.44%, and 10 cases were accompanied by N-myc gene amplification.(3)Imaging examination: on the first diagnosis, chest/abdomen CT showed 75.75%(24/33 cases) of pleural or lung involvement, PET-CT showed 81.8% (27/33 cases) of pleural or lung involvement, B-ultrasound showed 41.67%(5/12 cases) of pleural or lung involvement; 3 imaging examinations showed: 1 positive in 16 cases, 2 positive in 16 cases, and 3 positive in 4 cases.(4)Comparison of clinical features of pleural and pulmonary involvement: among the 30 children with pleural involvement, 6 cases had respiratory symptoms, 3 cases had respiratory symptoms on the 6 cases with pulmonary involvement only, and 4 cases with pleural and pulmonary involvement had no respiratory symptoms at first diagnosis.(5)Treatment and outcome: 2 cases died because of critical condition after diagnosis, 5 cases didn′t receive the law treatment, 29 cases accepted law stratification treatment, among them, 1 case in low risk group, INSS-Ⅳ, alleviate current (CR); 4 cases in the moderate group, INSS-Ⅳ, CR in 2 cases, partial response (PR) in 1 case, progress in 1 case, new tumor foci occurring after chemotherapy discontinuation for 13 months. Twenty-four cases were in the high-risk group, event occurred in 7 cases (29.17%) of them, 1 case had progression by postoperative evaluation, 4 cases of progression at 1.5, 2.0, 3.0 and 6.0 months after cessation of chemotherapy, and 2 cases had recurrence at 11 and 17 months after cessation of chemotherapy.Overall survival rate (OS) was 41.4% for all children analyzed by Kaplan-Merier, and 32.9% of them were predicted to have 3-year event-free survival.@*Conclusions@#Children with pulmonary or pleural metastasis of neuroblastoma have no specific respiratory symptoms.CT scan might be a useful method for diagnosing the group Ⅳ children with pulmonary or pleural metastasis of neuroblastoma.Moreover, there seemed to be no significant correlation between the N-myc gene expression and survival prognosis of these children.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803166

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze and summarize the results of genomic DNA test findings of chemotherapeutic drugs commonly used in pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) in children, and to analyze the relationship between adverse reactions to chemotherapy toxicity and genomic DNA polymorphisms, so as to provide evidence for guiding treatment.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis was conducted in RMS children admitted at Hematology Oncology Center, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2017 to June 2018.The criteria for enrollment were definite diagnosis of RMS, regular treatment and follow-up at Hematology Oncology Center, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University, and detection of peripheral blood DNA fluorescence hybridization sequence for several commonly chemotherapy drugs.The toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs was detected based on the National Cancer Institute routine toxicity criteria (NCI-CTCAE version 4.0). Summary and analysis indicators included primary and metastatic site, size, international RMS clinical stage (TNM-UICC), Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study(IRS) Clinical Grouping Classification, risk grouping, pathological type, changes in major organ functions, as well as processes of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and the association between toxicity and DNA polymorphism of drug genes was analyzed.SPSS 22.0 software was used for χ2 test.@*Results@#A total of 32 children were enrolled, and 20 cases were male and 12 cases were female, their median age was 50 months (15-120 months). The primary tumor of 9 cases were sited in the chest, abdomen and basin, 8 cases in the head and neck (non-meningeal), 7 cases in bladder prostate, 3 cases in limbs, 2 cases in the meningeal area, 1 case in urogenital tract (non-bladder prostate), 2 cases in other parts.Seventeen cases were embryonic type and 15 cases were alveolar type.Five cases were TNM-Ⅰ stage, 5 cases were TNM-Ⅱ stage, 10 cases TNM -Ⅲ stage, 12 cases were TNM-Ⅳ stage, 21 cases were IRS-Ⅲ, 11 cases were IRS-Ⅳ.Twenty-two cases were moderate-risk (MR), 10 cases were high-risk (HR). Twenty-two cases were detected UGT1A1*6 gene, 18 cases in GG type, 13 cases in GA type, and 1 case in AA type.ABCB1 gene monitoring was performed in 27 children, 14 cases of CT type and 13 cases of TT type; 29 cases were detected GSTP1 gene, 7 cases of GA type and 2 cases of GG type, 19 cases of AA type, 1 case of AG type; 30 cases were detected CYP3A5 gene, 2 cases of GA type, 13 cases of GG type, AG 15 cases.All patients were treated according to the BCH-RMS-2007 protocol using VAC (Vincristine, Doxorubicin, and Cyclophosphamide) as the basis for chemotherapy.From 2017, VAC and VI regimen (Vincristine, Irinotecan) were defined as the standard of backbone chemotherapeutic regimen for MR.Nine cases underwent surgery before chemotherapy and 10 cases had surgery after chemotherapy, among them, 5 cases underwent twice operation.Local radiotherapy was performed on the 12th week of chemotherapy, and the central nervous system involvement cases started in the first week.Hematological toxicity was mainly caused by neutropenia, with 2 cases of grade 3 and 30 cases of grade 4.Liver function damage of grade 2 was 6 cases, grade 3 was 3 cases.Four patients with grade 1 diarrhea, 3 patients with grade 2, 5 patients with grade 3, 3 patients with grade 4.There was significant diffe-rence between the severity of diarrhea and UGT1A1*6 genotype polymorphism(P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Chemothe-rapy for RMS patients is highly safety.If the genomic DNA test of chemotherapy drugs show a slow metabolism type, the dose of chemotherapy should be reduced, and the toxicity of chemotherapy drugs should be monitored dynamically.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 863-869, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800739

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of newly treated high-risk group neuroblastoma (NB) patients with bone marrow metastasis and to explore the prognostic factors.@*Methods@#The clinical features (sex, age, stage, risk group, pathological type, metastatic site, etc.) of 203 newly treated high-risk NB patients with bone marrow metastasis admitted to Hematology Oncology Center, Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2007 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 118 males (58.1%) and 85 females (41.9%). Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis and Cox regression was used to analyze the prognostic factors.@*Results@#The age at onset of the 203 patients was 41 months (9-147 months). The metastatic sites at diagnosis were as follows: bone in 195 cases (96.1%), distant lymph nodes in 104 cases (51.2%), skull and endomeninx in 61 cases (30.0%), orbit in 30 cases (14.8%), pleura in 16 cases (7.9%), liver in 13 cases(6.4%), canalis spinalis in 13 cases (6.4%), other sites in 11 cases (5.4%) and skin and soft tissue in 10 cases (4.9%). In all, 194 cases were enrolled for prognostic analysis. The follow-up time was 36 months (1 day-138 months) , and the 5-years event free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 36.1% and 39.7%, respectively. A total of 118 patients (60.8%) had events (first relapse or death) with the time to event occurrence was 15 months (1 day-72 months), whereas 112 patients (57.7%) died with the event occurrence to death time was 3 months (1 day-21 months). There was no significant difference in 5-years OS between radiotherapy group and non-radiotherapy group (42.3% vs. 38.3%, χ2=3.671, P=0.055). The 5-years OS in transplantation group was significantly better than the non-transplantation group (44.3% vs. 35.5%, χ2=8.878, P=0.003), and the radiotherapy combined transplantation group also had a better 5-years OS rate than the non-radiotherapy combined transplantation group (45.8% vs. 37.3%, χ2=5.945, P=0.015). Univariate survival analysis showed lactate dehydrogenase ≥ 1 500 U/L, the amplification of MYCN, the metastatic sites of orbit, canalis spinalis and pleura were associated with poor prognosis of newly diagnosed high-risk NB patients (χ2=21.064, 13.601, 3.998, 6.183, 15.307, all P<0.05). The amplification of MYCN and the metastatic sites of pleura were risk factors for prognosis of newly diagnosed high-risk NB patients by Cox regression models (HR=1.896,1.100, 95%CI: 1.113-3.231, 1.020-1.187, both P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The prognosis is unfavorable in high-risk group NB patients with BM metastasis. Radiotherapy combined with transplantation can further improve the prognosis of these patients. The amplification of MYCN and the metastatic sites of pleura were the poor prognostic factors for high-risk NB patients with bone marrow metastasis.

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