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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between the expression of signaling lymphocyte activation molecule family 6 (SLAMF6) on peripheral blood CD8 +T cells and perforin and granzyme B and the clinical significance in patients with newly diagnosed severe aplastic anemia(SAA). Methods:The indicators of blood routine and bone marrow and peripheral blood samples of 32 newly diagnosed SAA patients admitted to Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2016 to June 2019 were collected for retrospective analysis. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of SLAMF6, perforin and granzyme B on samples CD8 +T cell before therapy and 6 months after therapy (11 cases received transplantation, 21 cases received immunosuppressive therapy [IST]). Spearman correlation analysis was performed to determine the association between clinical indicators and laboratory test results. The expression of SLAMF6, perforin and granzyme B was also detected in 10 healthy people (normal group) and 13 myelodysplastic syndromes/paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (MDS/PNH) patients (MDS/PNH group). Results:(1) At diagnosis: the expression of SLAMF6 was significantly lower in the SAA group than that in the normal group and the MDS/PNH group ([56.40±6.37]% vs [84.34±5.81]% and [82.24±4.98]% (both P<0.001]). The expression of perforin was significantly higher in the SAA group (32.73±8.46) than that in the normal control group (23.75%±5.10%), and the MDS/PNH group (26.12%±5.53%) (both P<0.05). The expression of granzyme B was also significantly higher in the SAA group (36.23%±7.94%) than that in the normal control group (21.67%±5.05%) and the MDS/PNH group (21.79%±5.10%) (both P<0.001). The expression of SLAMF6 was positively correlated with the hemoglobin ( r=0.804), and reticulocyte absolute values ( r=0.656) in peripheral blood, percentage of granulocytes ( r=0.643) and erythrocytes ( r=0.622) in bone marrow of SAA patients (all P<0.05). Expression of SLAMF6 was negatively correlated with perforin ( r=-0.792) and granzyme B ( r=-0.908) on CD8 +T cells in patients with SAA (both P<0.001). (2) After treatment: the expression of SLAMF6 in peripheral blood CD8 +T cells of 30 surviving patients was higher than pre-treatment ([79.19±12.69]% vs [56.40±6.37]%, P<0.001). The expressions of perforin and granzyme B were lower than pre-treatment level (both P<0.05). The expression of SLAMF6 on CD8 +T cells in 11 transplanted patients was higher than before transplantation ([86.54±3.75]% vs [56.40±7.35]%, P<0.001). The expressions of perforin and granzyme B were lower than before transplantation (both P<0.05). The expression of SLAMF6 on CD8 +T cells in 12 IST-respond patients was higher than that before treatment, while the perforin and granzyme B levels were lower than pre-treatment (all P<0.05). The post-treatment expressions of SLAMF6, perforin and granzyme B were similar as before treatment levels in 7 IST-unrespond patients (all P>0.05). Conclusion:SLAMF6 is significantly down-regulated on CD8 +T cells in newly diagnosed SAA, negatively correlated with the effective factors of CD8 +T cells, which might participate in the immune regulatory of CD8 +T cells as a negative regulatory factor in patients with SAA. The SLAMF6 is significantly up-regulated after hematopoietic recovery, while there is no significant change in treatment-unrespond patients, which could thus serve as an useful diagnostic and therapeutic index of patients with SAA.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 138-142, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799582

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To reveal the related factors of inhibitors and differences ofhemorrhage and joint disease before and after the production of inhibitors in children with hemophilia A (HA) .@*Methods@#Retrospective analyses of the clinical data of 381 children with HA under the age of 16 registered in the Registration Management Center of Hemophilia in Henan Provincial from January 2015 to August 2018.@*Results@#A total of the 381 children were enrolled with 116 (30.4%) mild, 196 (51.4%) moderate, and 69 (18.1%) severe cases; 54 patients (14.2%) had inhibitors, including 22 high and 32 low titer inhibitors. Positive family history was positively associated with inhibitors[P<0.001, OR=3.299 (95%CI 1.743-5.983) ], and high-intensity exposure was associated with inhibitors[P=0.002, OR=2.587 (95%CI 1.414-4.731) ]. High-intensity exposure was associated with high titer inhibitor production[P=0.001, OR=8.689 (95%CI 2.464-30.638) ], and high-intensity exposure increased the risk of high titer inhibitors in HA patients. After inhibitors occurred in 54 patients with HA, the rates of overall joint annual bleeding (z=-3.440, P=0.001) and traumatic annual bleeding (z=-2.232, P=0.026) increased, but the rates of the annual joint bleeding (z=-1.342, P=0.180) and spontaneous annual bleeding (z=-1.414, P=0.157) remained to be not statistically significant. The joint ultrasound score did not change significantly after the inhibitor information (z=-0.632, P=0.527) .@*Conclusions@#Positive family history and high-intensity exposure could increase the risk of F Ⅷ inhibitors in HA patients, and high-intensity exposure increased the risk of high titer inhibitors. The rates of the overall joint annual bleeding and traumatic annual bleeding increased after the inhibitor information.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799915

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of the intervention based on the theoretical framework of Health Belief Model on improving sharp injury protection behavior compliance of medical staffs, in order to provide some references for energetically developing blood-borne occupational exposure protection intervention in the region.@*Methods@#According to the inclusion criteria, 178 medical staffs were selected, implemented intervention of the theory of health belief model. Methods included diversity training, experiencing operation, filed observation and supervision and so on, strengthened intervention after 1 month, evaluated the intervention effect after 3 months, used questionnaires and field observation to evaluate the effect before and after the intervention.@*Results@#the scores of security behavior compliance were higher before intervention and there was significant difference (P<0.05) . Observed that, after the intervention the incidence of unsafe behavior in medical personnel dropped from 29.1% to 13.2%, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#The intervenion of the theory of health belief model can strengthen sharp injury protection belief of medical personnels, improve behavior compliance, reduces the occurrence of sharp injury.

4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 50-54, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734512

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the influence of single nucleotide polymorphism of Wilms tumor 1(WT1)gene rs16754 on the chemosensitivity and clinical outcomes of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML).Methods A total of 178 AML patients aged 60 years and over who received cytarabine-based chemotherapy were enrolled in this retrospective study.The peripheral blood was extracted from 178 AML patients receiving chemotherapy for DNA preparation and study.And bone marrow specimens were collected in 65 AML patients before chemotherapy.The Wilms' Tumor-1 (WT1) rs16754 polymorphism was detected by PCR-RFLP method.The association between genotypes and other variables were analyzed by using Logistic regression model.Variables were adjusted by Cox regression analysis.Results The locus of WT1 gene rs16754 is located in coding region of WT1 gene.The genotype frequency and distribution of the studied population were 55.62% (99/178)in GG,37.64%(67/178)in GA,and 6.74%(12/178)in AA,with minimum allele frequencies of 0.26.The distributions of the three genotypes were in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (P=0.884).There was no statistical difference in the data distribution of the genotypes on clinical indexes at baseline.Overall survival time(OS)was longer in patients with allele A and genotype GA plus AA[2.73 years(95 %CI:1.03-5.11 years)]than in patients with GG genotype[1.64 years(95 % CI:0.71-4.34),(P=0.003)].The replase free survival(RFS) was longer in patients with allele A and genotype GA plus AA[2.06 years(95%CI:0.95-4.87)]than in patients with GG genotype[1.12 years(95%CI:0.56-4.11),P =0.032)].Adjusted by using multivariate Cox regression analysis,GA plus AA genotypes still showed a better effect on OS (HR =0.51,P =0.013)than did GG genotypes.In the 65 pretreatment bone marrow specimens,the expression level of WT1 mRNA in bone marrow cells was higher in patients with GG genotype than in patients with GA plus AA genotype(P < 0.001).Conclusions Among elderly AML patients treated by cytarabine-based chemotherapy,the WT1 rs16754 may impact the clinical prognosis of AML patients by influencing the mRNA expression of WT1.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 563-568, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806952

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of the patients with non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (NHL) complicated with HBV infection, so as to provide a basis for clinical accurate diagnosis and prognosis evaluation.@*Methods@#The data of 313 newly diagnosed NHL patients from August 2012 to July 2016 were collected. The HBV serological markers were detected by ELISA, and HBV DNA was quantified by full automatic microparticle chemiluminescence immunoassay (≥1×105 copies/ml as high copy group, 1×103-<1×105 copies/ml as low copy group). The relationship between HBV infection and prognosis was analyzed combined with the clinical features of the patients, and the HBV detection rate was compared with that of the common population (from the national HBV sero epidemiological data).@*Results@#①The positive rate of HBsAg in NHL patients was 12.5% (39/313), which was higher than 7.2% in the general population (χ2=14.596, P<0.001). HBV infection in the past (HBsAg negative but HBcAb positive) in 114 cases (36.4%), the incidence was slightly higher than that in the general population (34.1%). ②Compared HBsAg positive group with the negative group, the proportion of B cell type (87.2% vs 70.3%, P=0.027), Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ(69.2% vs 34.6%, P<0.001), IPI score 3-5 (74.4% vs 50%, P=0.004), LDH level (79.5% vs 47.8%, P<0.001) and liver involvement (45.5% vs 31.7%, P=0.006) were all higher. The difference was statistically significant. ③Compared the HBV infected group (114 cases) with the non-infected group (160 cases), the difference had statistical significance in the proportion of Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P=0.023) and IPI score 3-5 scores P=0.035). ④Compared HBV DNA positive group (30 cases) with negative group (71 cases), Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P=0.011), IPI score 3-5 score (P=0.030), LDH level (P=0.025) and liver involvement (P<0.001) in the proportion of patients had statistical significance. The positive patients were divided into HBV DNA high and low copy groups with 1×105 copies of /ml as the boundary. The results showed that there was no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#The HBV infection rate of NHL patients is significantly higher than that of the general population, and HBV infection is more closely related to B cell type NHL. Patients with HBV infection and HBV DNA positive had late Ann Arbor stage, high IPI score, high LDH level and liver involvement, and the prognosis is poor.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 184-189, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809867

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) from different donors as first-line treatment for children and adolescents with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) .@*Methods@#The clinical data of 79 children and adolescents with SAA diagnosed from January 2013 to December 2016 in Henan Province were retrospectively analyzed. There were 50 males and 29 females, with a median age of 14(4-18) years. 40 cases received matched sibling transplantation (MSD-HSCT), 17 with unrelated donor transplantation (UD-HSCT), and 22 with haploidentical transplantation (haplo-HSCT).@*Results@#The comparison of MSD-HSCT, UD-HSCT, haplo-HSCT groups was conducted and the median times of neutrophils engraftment were statistically significant [12(9-25) d, 14(10-22) d, 16(11-26) d, respectively (χ2=13.302, P=0.001)], but no difference in+30 d engraftment rate [97.3%(36/37), 100%(15/15), 100%(20/20), χ2=0.959, P=0.619]. The median times of PLT engraftment were not statistically significant [14(6-34)d, 16(7-32)d, 19(10-34)d, respectively, χ2=5.892, P=0.053], and the +30 d engraftment rate had no difference [97.3%(36/37), 100%(15/15), 100%(20/20), χ2=0.959, P=0.619]. The post-transplant infection rate showed no statistically significance [35.0% (14/40), 29.4% (5/17), 45.5% (10/22), χ2=1.158, P=0.560], as well as the incidences of aGVHD, grade III/IV aGVHD and cGVHD(χ2=0.230, P=0.891; χ2=2.628, P=0.269; χ2=3.187, P=0.203). The two-years OS rate was not statistically significant respectively [(77.1±6.7)%, (70.6±11.1)%, (77.3±8.9)%, χ2=0.330, P=0.845]. Severe post-transplant infection (RR=4.617, P=0.009), grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ aGVHD (RR=2.707, P=0.048) were independent risk factors for OS.@*Conclusion@#The overall efficacy of MSD-HSCT, UD-HSCT and haplo-HSCT as first-line therapy for children and adolescents with SAA/VSAA is comparable.

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 344-347,352, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691636

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of combined regimen of gemcitabine and CHOP-like regimen as the first-line treatment for primary extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Methods A retrospective analysis was carried out in 39 newly treated patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from March 2012 to March 2017, in which 11 patients were treated with gemcitabine regimen and 28 patients were treated with CHOP-like regimen. The complete remission (CR) rate, partial remission (PR) rate, overall remission rate (ORR), overall survival (OS) rate, progression free survival (PFS) rate, and adverse reactions in the two groups were compared. Results In gemcitabine group and CHOP-like group, there were 5 and 8 cases achieved CR, 3 and 5 cases achieved PR. There was no statistically significant difference in CR rates and ORR between the two groups (P= 0.453, P= 0.073). The estimated 3-year OS rate in the two groups were 75 % and 33 %, and the estimated 3-year PFS rate were 70%and 29%, respectively. There was statistically significant differences in OS and PFS between the two groups (χ2 = 5.606, P= 0.018; χ2 = 3.924, P= 0.048). The univariate analysis showed that the treatment program (P=0.018) and the high lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (P= 0.007) affected the prognosis of patients. Multivariate analysis showed that the high LDH increased the risk of death in patients (RR= 6.331, 95% CI 2.339-17.136, P< 0.001). Treatment with gemcitabine regimen reduced the risk of death in patients (RR=0.101, 95 %CI 0.023-0.452, P= 0.003). Most of the adverse events were 1-2 levels, and the patients were well tolerated. Conclusion Compared with CHOP-like regimen, the combined regimen of gemcitabine can improve the survival time of the patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma and significantly improve the long-term efficacy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1018-1022,1028, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of miR-125b targeting Sema4C on STAT3 signaling pathway on invasion and metastasis of non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma.Methods: Expression of miR-125b in non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma tissues and cell lines was detected by QT-PCR.Expression of Sema4C in normal lymphocyte tissues and non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry.Dual luciferase effect of miR-125b on the transcriptional activity of Sema4C was examined by the reporter gene system.Transwell invasion assay was used to detect the expression of miR-125b in the non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma cell line NK-92.Scratch test Western blot was used to detect the expression of Sema4C.Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of STAT3 signal pathway after silencing Sema4C.The protein expression of Sema4C was detected by Western blot.Results: Expression of miR-125b was significantly lower in non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma tissues than that in normal tissues[(0.48±0.05)% vs (1.59±0.38)%,P<0.05].Sema4C was highly expressed in non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma[(326.25±7.75)% vs (58.75±5.76)%].After overexpression of miR-125b,non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma cells expression level of Sema4C was down-regulated after silencing Sema4C[(326.25±7.75)% vs (58.75±5.76)%],and the expression of JAK and STAT3 protein were down-regulated after miR-125b overexpression[(85.26±6.94)% vs (12.61±4.32)%,P<0.05].The dual luciferase reporter gene system showed that miR-125b could directly regulate the transcriptional activity of Sema4C.Conclusion: miR-125b can regulate the invasion and migration of non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma cells by targets the expression of Sema4C.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 592-596, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809050

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the prognostic value of CD34, CD2, CD56 expressions and FLT3-ITD mutation in adults with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) .@*Methods@#The immuno-phenotypic and molecular characteristics of 137 adult patients with APL (from January 2010 to March 2016, in Henan Provincial People’s Hospital) were investigated. And the relationships between CD34, CD2, CD56 expressions, FLT3-ITD mutation and the outcomes of high WBC counts at onset, complete remission (CR) rate, early mortality, relapse rate (RR) , overall survival (OS) , disease free survival (DFS) were explored.@*Results@#①Among the 137 patients, the positive ratios of CD34, CD2, CD56 expressions and mutation rate of FLT3-ITD were 26.3%, 25.5%, 10.2% and 17.5%, respectively. The morbidities of positive CD34, CD2, CD56 expressions and FLT3-ITD mutation in the high-risk group were 43.2%, 47.7%, 18.2% and 27.3% respectively, while those in the low-/intermediate-risk groups were 18.3%, 15.1%, 6.5% and 12.9%, respectively (P<0.05) . ②At a median follow-up of 41 months, the total CR rate of the 137 adults APL patients was 96.9%, early mortality 6.6% and relapse rate 7.3% respectively. And RR of positive CD34 or CD2 expression patients was higher than negative CD34/CD2 expression ones (18.8% vs 3.3%, χ2=8.462, P=0.004; 16.1% vs 4.3%, χ2=4.382, P=0.028, respectively) . In addition, the early mortality of patients with positive CD56 expression or FLT3-ITD mutation was extremely higher than in negative ones (21.4% vs 4.9%, χ2=5.610, P=0.018; 16.7% vs 4.4%, χ2=4.833, P=0.028, respectively) . ③The whole OS and DFS were 88.3% and 84.7%, respectively. Wherein, OS and DFS in patients with CD34+, CD56+ or FLT3-ITD mutation were worse (P<0.05) .@*Conclusions@#Positive CD34, CD2, CD56 expression and FLT3-ITD mutation were latent poor prognostic factors in adults with APL.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 523-527, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808918

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the efficacies of regimens of three-drug induction therapy (ATRA+ATO+anthracyclines) versus two-drug induction therapy (ATRA+ATO) in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).@*Methods@#Of 184 patients diagnosed with APL from January 2009 to March 2016, 58 patients underwent three-drug induction therapy, while the rest were treated with two-drug induction therapy. Three-drug induction therapy was of ATRA (20 mg·m-2·d-1, d1-28) + ATO (0.16 mg·kg-1·d-1, d1-28) + Idarubicin (8 mg·m-2·d-1, d3-5) /daunorubicin (40 mg·m-2·d-1, d3-5) , while two-drug induction therapy ATRA+ATO with the same doses and methods as above. Of 184 cases, 69 cases accompanied with WBC counts>10×109/L, 115 cases with WBC counts≤10×109/L at onset.@*Results@#①Short-term efficacy: After one cycle induction therapy, the rates of hematologic remission, genetic remission, molecular remission and induced differentiation syndrome (DS) in three-drug regimen group were 98.3%, 87.9%, 72.4% and 0 respectively, while those in two-drug regimen group were 87.3%, 65.9%, 51.6% and 12.7% respectively. In patients with WBC >10×109/L, DS rate and early mortality in three-drug regimen group were lower than in two-drug regimen group (0 vs 15.6%, 4.2% vs 15.6%, respectively). In patients with WBC≤10×109/L, DS rate in three-drug regimen group was also lower than in two-drug regimen group (0 vs 12.3%) , but there were no statistical differences in terms of relapse and early mortality. ② Long-term efficacy: The relapse rate, overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) in three-drug regimen group were 0, 98.5%, 96.6% respectively, while those in two-drug regimen group were 8.6%, 86.5% and 84.1% respectively; the advantages of three-drug over two-drug regimen, especially in cases of WBC >10×109/L were observed. ③ Side effects: the incidences of gastrointestinal reaction, liver dysfunction, myocardial damage and headache in three-drug regimen group hardly increased.@*Conclusion@#The efficacies of three-drug induction therapy were superior to two-drug one.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477435

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influence factors of medical staff blood-bome occupational exposure by structural equation modeling,in order to improve medical staff of blood-borne occupational exposure protection performance of the system to provide the theory basis for operation.Methods The influence factors of medical staff blood-borne occupational exposure and their correlation were analyzed by exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modeling fitting.Results Model fitting was ideal,hospital decision-makers and department management directly affected the behavior intention of medical staff,department management greatly influenced by the behavioral intention to the medical personnel,path coefficient was 0.27.Hospital decision-makers of behavioral intention to the medical personnel directly affect smaller,path coefficient was 0.03,but its indirect impact on behavioral intention by department management.Behavioral intention of occupational exposure protection action,the path coefficient was 0.80,behavioral intention determined the basic medical personnel blood-borne occupational exposure protection behavior.Conclusions Hospital should improve the system of standards and to establish effective communication channels,at the same time enhance the care ability.Enforcement departments should improve the standard system,equipped with adequate safety equipment,for the medical staff to provide the best working environment,so as to improve the medical staff of blood-borne occupational exposure protection behavior compliance.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470114

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the influence of individual cognitive on medical personnel blood-borne occupational exposure protection action from the angle of behavior operation.Methods Medical staff of 14 hospitals in zunyi were investigated by questionnaire designed based on the theory of health belief model,and analyzed the data by structural equation model.Results Sample data and the assumption model was ideal,the blood-borne occupational exposure protective behavior of medical staff could be explained variance of 87% by susceptibility,severity,behavioral benefit and barrier cognition.The order of influencing factors from high to low were behavioral benefit,severity,behavioral barrier and susceptibility to cognition,and path coefficients were 0.39,0.27,-0.21,0.03.Conclusions Susceptibility,severity and behavioral benefit cognition have positive effection on protective behavior,the behavioral benefit cognition have more influence on blood-borne occupational exposure protective behavior of medical staff,and behavioral barrier cognition have negative effection,the results of health belief model can explain blood-borne occupational exposure protective behavior of medical staff better.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469969

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically analyze and evaluate the intervention effect of foreign and domestic research about needlestick injuries in medical staffs and provide the basis for reducing the rate of occupational exposure of medical staffs.Methods The intervention study of needlestick injuries in medical staffs between 1981 and 2013 were collected in CNKI,VIP,Wanfang and PubMed databases,Metaanalysis was conducted for the included studies by RevMan5.2 software.According to I2 and P value heterogeneity was determined,choose a fixed or random effect model to analyze and merge the data to measure the effect of the intervention by OR and 95% confidence intervals (C I).Results The total of included studies was 19,the number of the intervention group and the control group was 20 592 and 19 855,the OR and 95% CI of intervention effect as shown below:comprehensive intervention OR=0.40,CI 95% (0.27~0.59),education and training OR=0.24,CI 95% (0.11~0.55),safety management OR=0.09,CI 95% (0.06~0.13),engineering intervention OR=0.30,CI 95% (0.16~0.55),safe operation OR=0.15,CI 95% (0.09~0.26).The intervention group and the control group were statistically significant on reducing the incidence of needlestick injuries.Conclusions Education and training,safety management,engineering intervention,and safe operation can reduce the incidence of needlestick injuries,improve the quality of life of medical staffs.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468947

ABSTRACT

A total of 122 patients with acute left ventricular failure from January 2011 to December 2013 at our hospital were recruited and divided randomly into control group (n =62) and observation group (n =60).Control group received conventional therapy and Bi-level positive airway pressure (Bi-PAP) was added along with conventional therapy for observation group.And 12 and 8 patients died in control and observation groups respectively within 24 h after treatment and there was no statistical difference.The BNP levels of the control group pre-treatment and at 1 h and 24 h post-treatment were (1 040 ± 315),(995 ± 245) and (570 ± 164) ng/L.The BNP levels of observation group pre-treatment and at 1 h and 24 h posttreatment were (1 080 ±209),(995 ±245) and (490 ± 138) ng/L.BNP of observation group at 1 h and 24 h post-treatment decreased significantly compared with that pre-treatment and control group (P <0.01).Only at 24 h post-treatment,the BNP level of control group decreased significantly compared with that pretreatment (P < 0.01).

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466234

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the possibility of chloroquine radiosensitization of esophageal cancer cell line TE-1 and its further mechanism.Methods Effect of chloroquine on cell viability of TE-1 cells was determined by MTT method.Expression of LC3,Beclin-1 and formation of acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs) were determined by Western blot,and fluorescence staining with Lyso-Tracker Red DND-99,respectively.Clonogenic survival of TE-1 cells was examined by clonogenic forming assay.Results Chloroquine showed dose-dependent inhibition of TE-1 cell growth,and its values of IC50 and IC10 were (72.33 ± 5.28) and (15.42 ± 3.33) μmol/L,respectively.The expression of Beclin-1 and LC3-Ⅱ/Ⅰ markedly increased in irradiated TE-1 cells.The addition of chloroquine with IC10concentration significantly reduced the fluorescence and intensity of AVOs accumulation in the cytoplasm of TE-1 cells.Clonogenic survival fraction decreased obviously,in TE-1 cells with addition of chloroquine after radiation and the value of SERD0 was 1.439.Conclusions Chloroquine could radiosensitize esophageal cancer cells by blocking autophagy-lysosomal pathway and be used as a potential radiosensitizing strategy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453435

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical allocation significance of modified early warning score (MEWS) for emergency department patients.Methods MEWS of 1 069 patients in medical emergency department from August 2011 to March 2013 were recorded and analyzed.The admitted differences of MEWS among in intensive care unit(ICU),general wards and emergency transfer observing patients were compared.Results The MEWS of emergency department patients were different.The deaths and ICU patients together as ICU patients,MEWS ≥ 7 scores the proportion of patients admitted to ICU were significantly higher than those of MEWS 3-6 scores and 0-2 scores [37.8%(14/38) vs.2.1% (6/289) and 0.1%(1/742)](P<0.01).Conclusion MEWS provides an objective allocation basis for emergency department patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440560

ABSTRACT

Target volume definition is one of the important factors in precise radiotherapy of esophageal carcinoma.However,there is considerable controversy about delineation of esophageal carcinoma clinical target volume (CTV),and no consistent standard.Recent researches show that pathological characteristics,imaging methods and lymph node metastasis pattern may have guiding functions for CTV delineation.Novel delineation technique such as individual design has been a research hotspot.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426984

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the influencing factors for persevering in pelvic floor muscle exercise in puerperal women and nursing countenneasures.MethodsThe influencing factors for persevering in pelvic floor muscle exercise in 120 puerperal women before June 2010 were analyzed,and they were set as the control group.According to the analysis results,targeted nursing countermeasures were developed,comprehensive care approach that combined nursing intervention with health education were applied in 116 cases of puerperal women from June 2010 to June 2011,who were set as the observation group.The situation of recovery for maternal pelvic floor muscle tension was observed.ResultsThere were four main factors that affected maternal pelvic floor muscle exercise:pelvic floor muscle exercise is not inspected as post-natal visits items,obstetric nurses did not carry out necessary propaganda,did not understand the importance of pelvic floor muscle exercise and lack of knowledge among the puerperal women.The test results for pelvic floor muscle tension were as followed:in the observation group Ⅰ degree was in 9 cases,accounting for 7.76%; Ⅱ degree was in 31 cases,accounting for 26.72%; Ⅲ degree was in 76 cases,accounting for 65.52%.In the control group,I degree was in 35 cases,accounting for 29.17 %; Ⅱ degree was in 44 cases,accounting for 36.67%; Ⅲ degree was in 41 cases,accounting for 34.17%.The recovery effect of pelvic floor muscle tension in the observation group was obviously better than the control group,the difference was significant.ConclusionsFactors influencing the puerperal women in persevering in pelvic floor muscle exercise was various,personalized care and intervention according to the influencing factors can improve compliance of pelvic floor muscle exercise for puerperal women,contribute to the recovery of pelvic floor muscle tension.

19.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 278-281, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460176

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic efficacy and side effects of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) with ATRA on newly-diagnosed patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Methods 35 patients of newly-diagnosed APL received As2O3 with ATRA treatment. The therapeutic effects were compared with As2O3 treatment on 33 patients. The dose were adjusted according with As2O3 0.16 mg·kg-2·d-1 and ATRA 25 mg·m-2·d-1 until complete remission (CR). The CR rate, period to CR, the incidence of early death and side effects were observed in two groups. Results There was no significant difference in CR rate, in which 94.3 % for As2O3 with ATRA group and 90.9 % for As2O3 group (P >0.05). Significant difference was observed in the period to CR, in which the medium time to CR was 26.1 days for As2O3 with ATRA group and 30.5 days for As2O3 group (P 0.05). Conclusion The treatment combined with As2O3 and ATRA could lessen the time of reaching CR. The WBC count > 10×l09/L was one of the main causes of therapy associated death and the APL differentiation syndrome should be detected and given attention immediately.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390336

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the nursing skills of low age and service seniority nurses and meet the needs of clinical nurses,in order to serve patients better and improve the quality of cave.Methods According to knowledge tests 50 points for nurse job-related skill issued by Chinese Ministry of Health,our hospital selected 12 commonly used basic operation skills and designed comprehensive cases through integration and reformation.We trained and examined nurses with undergraduate degree came to our hospistal in 2008.Results After training,the score of clinical nursing skill reached 91.81,86 nurses reached the standard and the effective compliance rate was 95%.Conclusions It proved to be an effective method to improve the nursing skills of low-age and service seniority nurses by carrying out the comprehensive casestyle training methods.

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