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China Medical Equipment ; (12): 1-4, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510359


Objective:To design a new automatic cap opening device consists of holding mechanism, open mechanism, improve mechanism, rotating mechanism and recycling mechanism in order to resolve the poor adaptability, complex structure and lower liability problem for specimen container in the biological specimen pretreatment system.Methods: This paper designed a automatic equipment to remove the rubber cap and screw cap. This equipment is compatible with the different specification specimen containers and the container cap, and the specimen container cap was stepped up and rotated with same power component.Results: The application of equipment has reduced the manufacturing cost and maintenance cost for specimen container, improved the system reliability, solved the current technical problems of the equipment, such as poor adaptability and lower liability. Conclusion: The design of equipment mainly adapts to CS-6400 series of automatic biochemical analyzer, and it can improve the detection efficiency of biological specimen, reduce the cross contamination and satisfy the practice necessity for clinical detection.

Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7053-7060, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474867


BACKGROUND:Anatomic medul ary locking (AML) femoral prosthesis is circular cylinder and has satisfactory efficacy. However, some scholars found the complications such as thigh pain, loss of bone at the proximal end of the femur, and wearing-related osteolysis. F2L femoral prosthesis is cone-shaped and also has satisfactory efficacy, but the thigh pain incidence is relatively low. <br> OBJECTIVE:To compare the intermediate-long term results of AML versus F2L in total hip arthroplasty. <br> METHODS:Between November 1997 and January 2005, we retrospectively reviewed 60 patients (66 hips) undergoing total hip arthroplasty using biological femoral prosthesis. At fol ow-up examination, 58 hips in 52 patients were available for clinical and roentgenographic review. 26 AML devices were placed in 24 patients, and 32 F2L devices were placed in 28 patients. The AML group were reviewed with an average of 12.7 years fol ow-up (range 10 years and 3 months to 15 years and 5 months), while the F2L group were reviewed with an average of 9.5 years fol ow-up (range 8 years and 3 months to 11 years and 1 month). The clinical results were evaluated with Harris methods and X-ray examination. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to evaluate the survival of femoral component. End point was radiographical loosening or revision of the femoral component for any reason. <br> RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:There were no significant difference between AML and F2L about Harris score in the latest fol ow-up (P>0.05). After surgery, the incidence of thigh pain was significantly lower in F2L group than that in AML group (P<0.05). In AMKL group, the stress-shielding 1 level was observed in 21 hips (81%), and 2 level in five hips (19%);in F2L group, the stress shielding 0 level was observed in 20 hips (62%) and 1 level in 12 hips (38%). There were significant differences between the two groups (P<0.05). The stress shielding showed significant differences between the two groups (P<0.05). The incidence of osteolysis in F2L group was significantly lower than that in AML group (P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that, the survival rate of both AML and F2L components were 1.0 (95%confidence interval:0.98-1.00). Experimental findings indicate that, both AML and F2L femoral prosthesis have a satisfactory long-term efficacy after total hip arthroplasty, and the incidence of thigh pain and osteolysis is significantly lower in F2L group.

Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 505-510, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443790


BACKGROUND:Femoral offset reconstruction is significant for recovering strength of abductor and the balance of soft tissue tension surrounding hip joint, maintaining joint stabilization, restoring joint function, reducing limping after replacement, decreasing prosthetic abrasion, and the incidence of joint prosthesis dislocation. OBJECTIVE:To discuss effect of femoral offset reconstruction on hip joint function in total hip arthroplasty. METHODS:We comparatively analyzed 20 patients (20 hips) undergoing the modular prosthesis (S-ROM) total hip arthroplasty and 19 patients (20 hips) undergoing the one modular prosthesis (Corail) total hip arthroplasty at the same time. According to Harris hip score and radiography results, hip joint function and femoral offset reconstruction rate were comparatively studied in both groups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:No infection, fracture, dislocation, deep venous thrombosis or neurovascular injury occurred in either group. Clinical fol ow-up results:In the modular prosthesis and one modular prosthesis groups, there was no significant difference in preoperative Harris hip score between the femoral offset reconstruction and non-reconstruction groups (P>0.05). At 12 months and the latest fol ow-up, the Harris hip score was higher in the patients with femoral offset reconstruction than those with femoral offset non-reconstruction (P0.05). These results indicated that functional recovery and the range of abduction were better in patients with femoral offset reconstruction than those without femoral offset reconstruction. Modular prosthesis has a high rate of femoral offset reconstruction.