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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze distributions of dose range, occupational category, and causes of abnormal dose values from individual dose monitoring of radiation workers and to provide recommendations for improving the quality of individual monitoring data and occupational health management in medical institutions.Methods:The data of individual dose monitoring result exceeding 1.25 mSv in a single monitoring cycle, collected by Occupational Health System for Radiology Facilities’ on National Radiological Health Information Platform, was analyzed.Results:A total of 1 113 abnormal dose values were detected in 31 provinces in 2020, with an abnormal rate of 2.48‰, of which workers of diagnostic radiology and interventional radiology accounted for 68.01% and 18.78%, respectively. The dose distribution of abnormal dose values was mainly between 1.25 and 5 mSv. The abnormal dose values were mainly caused by improperly wearing or using personal dosimeters, accounting for 63.88%. Workers for whom the dose values was abnormal due to increased workload accounted for 12.32%, with an average annual individual dose of 5.14 mSv. There was no statistically significant difference in annual individual dose among radiation workers between different occupational groups( P>0.05). Conclusions:Education and training on radiation protection for radiation workers should be strengthened, and a specific and feasible system for radiation protection management, as well as a reward and punishment system, should be established in order to reduce the occurance of the improper wearing of personal dosimeters. Great attention should be paid to occupational exposure of workers in diagnostic radiology and interventional radiology, and a work shift system should be conducted to reduce individual dose levels. It is recommended that standard verification procedures for abnormal dose values from individual dose monitoring should be developed to improve the quality of individual monitoring data.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883513

ABSTRACT

Alpinia officinarum Hance of the Chinese traditional herb for the treatment of emesis,abdominal pain and diarrhea has been used to counteract gastric disease induced by indomethacin in rats without obvious side effects.However,the role of herb-drug interaction between indomethacin and A.officinarum based on pharmacokinetic,tissue distribution and excretion still remains unknown.In this study,an ultra-fast liquid-tandem mass spectrometry(UFLC-MS/MS)method was developed for simultaneous determina-tion of indomethacin and its three metabolites,O-desmethylindomethacin(ODI),deschlor-obenzoylindomethacin(NDI)and indomethacin acyl-β-D-glucuronide(IDAβG)by oral administration of indomethacin solution with and without the ethanolic extract of A.officinarum and applied to comparative pharmacokinetic,tissue distribution and excretion studies.Our results clarified that oral administration of A.officinarum produced significant alterations in the pharmacokinetic parameters of indomethacin.And the pharmacokinetic interaction between indomethacin and A.officinarum reduced the systemic exposure of indomethacin and increased its elimination.Tissue distribution results demonstrated that co-administration of A.Officinarum could not reduce the accumulation of indo-methacin in the target tissue of the stomach,but could accelerate the excretions of indomethacin and its three metabolites including ODI,NDI and IDAβG in the bile and feces of rats in the excretion study.Therefore,A.Officinarum might have a gastrointestinal protective effect through the interaction role with indomethacin based on the pharmacokinetics and excretion in rats.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 701-704, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881957

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results of occupational health monitoring on radiation workers in national medical institutions in 2018. METHODS: Through the National Radiation Health Information Platform Subsystem Occupational Radiation Diseases and Occupational Health Monitoring System, the monitoring data including the overview of radiological diagnosis and treatment institutions, occupational health management, and occupational health examination information across the country were collected for analysis in 2018. RESULTS: In 2018, there were a total of 55 902 radiological diagnosis and treatment institutions with 353 141 radiation workers nationwide. The radiation dose monitoring rate on individuals and hospitals was 94.6%(334 222/353 141) and 97.3%(91 051/93 559), respectively. The rate of health examination was 84.6%(298 914/353 141) and 95.4%(87 031/91 244) respectively.The monitoring rate on chromosomal aberration in peripheral blood lymphocytes was 0.3% in radiation workers. The rate of opacity under the posterior lens capsule was 4.3% and the rate of thyroid nodules was 25.7% in interventional radiology and nuclear medicine workers. CONCLUSION:s The personal dose monitoring rate and occupational health examination rate of radiation workers in medical institutions in China are maintained at a relatively high level. However, monitoring attention should also be paid to the analysis of chromosome aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes, the examination of eye lens and thyroid gland.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 186-195, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlation between the cognition on hearing protection and mental health status of noise-exposed workers. METHODS: A total of 499 noise-exposed workers from 3 enterprises of coal mine, steel and textile in Xinjiang region were selected as study subjects by stratified cluster random sampling method. The cognitive status of hearing protection and mental health status of each group were investigated by the Workplace Health Promotion Pilot Project Questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 235 workers had abnormal mental health status.The abnormal rate of mental health status was 47.1%(235/499). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that female, age ≤40.0 years, unable to bear current noise hazards, worried about noise-induced-deafness and noise-induced discomfort were the risk factors of abnormality of mental health status(odds ratio values were 1.62, 1.87, 2.42, 2.20, 2.14, P<0.05). Using hearing protectors for ≥3.0 years was the protective factor of abnormality of mental health status(odds ratio value was 0.47, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The subjective cognition on hearing protection has an impact on the mental health of noise-exposed workers.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the allocation of radiation protection equipment and status of radiological protection management for radiation workers in hospitals nationwide.Methods:A descriptive analysis was conducted of the data reported from the investigated hospitals based the data for 2019 available from the National Radiological Health Information Platform.Results:A total of 3 806 hospitals were investigated in 2019, including 609 tertiary hospitals, 1 421 secondary hospitals, 1 776 primary and ungraded hospitals. Large differences had been shown in the number of radiation workers in different grade hospitals. The average number of radiation workers were found to be, respectively, 99 in tertiary hospitals, 19 in secondary hospitals, 2 in primary and/or ungraded hospitals. Interventional radiology and nuclear medicine workers were equipped seperately with 0.40 and 0.43 pieces of lead apron, 0.27 and 0.31 lead caps, 0.38 and 0.45 lead rubber neck sleeves, 0.18 and 0.08 pairs of lead rubber gloves and 0.31 and 0.22 pairs of lead glasses. No personal alarming dosimeter was available in 15.25% hospitals where radiotherapy was performed, nor radiation surveillance meter in 27.90% such hospitals. In the hospitals considered, 88.13% workers were granted the Radiation Worker Cetificate and 83.69% received the on-the-job radiation protection training. The number of monitored workers accounted for 99.20%, of which 0.40% received the personal annual dose Hp(10)≥20 mSv. The occupational health surveillance files that had been completed reached 98.05% of the total and the on-the-job radiation workers who had passed the occupational health examination made up to 96.00%. It was advised that, of 76 627 radiation workers who received the 2019 health examination, 0.88% should get out of radiation work for the being time and 0.11% should not continue for this work. Conclusions:The considerably large proportion of radiation workers in China have received individual dose monitoring and occupational health examination. Radiological diagnosis and therapy departments should enlarge the allocation of radiation monitoring and personal protection equipment for radiaton workers in their hospitals.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825697

ABSTRACT

Microplastics refer to plastic particles with a diameter of less than 5 mm. Because of their wide distribution in the environment, it has gradually become one of the environmental hot issues of global concern in recent years. Microplastics are characterized by small particle size and strong adsorption. Existing studies have confirmed the biotoxic effects of microplastics in marine organisms and in experimental animals, suggesting their potential harm to human health. However, there have been few studies on the effects of microplastics on human health, and the research results have been inconsistent. Therefore, by summarizing the recent domestic and foreign studies about human exposure to microplastics as well as their potential effects on human body, this paper provides ideas and theoretical basis for further exploring the effects of microplastics on human health and related mechanisms.

7.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 57-61, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752813

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to explore the effect of minimally invasive small incision surgery on early thoracic esophageal cancer patients and its impact on pain. Methods A total of 160 patients with early thoracic esophageal cancer who were treated in our hospital from March 2016 to March 2017 were randomly divided into the conventional surgery group and the minimally invasive small incision surgery group. Patients in the conventional surgery group were treated with routine operation,and pa-tients in the minimally invasive small incision surgery group were treated with minimally invasive small incision surgery. Vital capacity ( VC),forced expiratory volume 1(FEV1),visual analogue scale(VAS),hospitalization time,operation time and intraoperative bleed-ing volume were counted. Growth hormone(GH)was detected by ELISA. The levels of cortisol(Cor) and interleukin-8( IL-8) were measured by immunoassay and adverse reactions. Results The levels of VC and FEV1 in the minimally invasive small incision group were significantly higher than those in the conventional surgery group. The bleeding volume,operation time and hospitalization time were shorter than those in the conventional surgery group. The levels of GH and Cor,VAS score and incidence of adverse reaction rate were lower than those in the conventional surgery group,and the level of IL-8 was also higher in than that in the conventional surgery group. The difference was statistically significant(P<0. 05). Conclusion Minimally invasive small incision surgery is effective on the treatment of early thoracic esophageal cancer,relieving pain and reducing adverse reactions.

8.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 599-603, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810819

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the early diagnosis and treatment for burn complicated with severe paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH).@*Methods@#Medical records of patients with burn complicated with severe PSH, admitted to our department from April 2016 to March 2019 and meeting the inclusion criteria were analyzed retrospectively. There were 4 males and 1 female, aged 17 months to 39 years, with an average of (21±16) years. During occurrence of PSH, the vital signs of patients were routinely monitored and oxygen were given. Other treatment included central venous catheterization and infusion of electrolyte solution, infusion of plasma according to patients′ condition, use of opioid analgesics and benzodiazepine sedatives, physical cooling and drug cooling, and establishment or maintenance of artificial airway and use of ventilator. Heart rate was controlled below 120 beats per minute in adults and 140 beats per minute in children with comprehensive treatment dominated by analgesia and sedation. Besides, single or multiple vasoactive agents, even in large doses were used to maintain normal blood pressure of patients. The occurrence characteristics, time, and treatment outcome of PSH were analyzed.@*Results@#PSH happened rapidly, with a sharp increase in several minutes to dozens of minutes. Five patients were with symptoms such as high body temperature, shortness of breath, very fast heart rate, normal or elevated systolic blood pressure, hyperhidrosis, and dystonia at the onset. The symptoms occurred simultaneously or successively. According to the Clinical Feature Scale, the above-mentioned 6 indexes achieved the highest score of 3 points except of systolic blood pressure. Four patients showed dilated pupils and impaired consciousness. Among the patients, PSH occurred in the acute exudation stage in 3 patients, in the fluid reabsorption stage in 1 patient, and in the late repair stage in 1 patient. PSH of patients lasted for 3 hours to 12 days. The symptoms of 4 patients were effectively controlled, and 1 patient died of deterioration. No PSH occurred in the cured patients during follow-up of 3 to 14 months.@*Conclusions@#Burn complicated with PSH can occur at any time before wound repair and in patients with different injury conditions. The causes of PSH include sudden burn, persistent pain, fright and fear, strange environment, low blood volume, and other adverse stimuli, and PSH is more likely to occur in children with underdeveloped brain function. Intravenous infusion of analgesics sedatives, physical therapy and medication to lower body temperature, stabilizing blood pressure and respiration are effective measures to treat PSH. PSH should be distinguished from the common complications of burns, such as sepsis, cerebral edema, hyperpyretic convulsion, transfusion response, stress disorder, etc.

9.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 568-573, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810814

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of citric acid on patients with severe burn complicated with acute renal injury treated by continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT).@*Methods@#Medical records of 83 patients with large area of burn complicated with acute renal injury admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of our department from January 2015 to December 2018 and meeting the inclusion criteria were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into heparin group [n=43, 25 males and 18 females, aged (35.0±2.5) years] and citric acid group [n=40, 22 males and 18 females, aged (37.0±6.6) years] according to different anticoagulation methods. After admission, routine support treatment and CRRT were performed after being diagnosed with acute renal injury in patients in 2 groups. Patients in heparin group were treated with low molecular weight heparin for anticoagulation with first dosage of 20 U/kg and an increase of 2.5 to 5.0 U per hour, and patients in citric acid group were given citric acid of 0.02 g/mL with dosage of 150~200 mL/h for anticoagulation. The use time of blood filter, recovery time of urine volume, and time of staying in ICU, and platelet count, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), and serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, cystatin C, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and neutrophil, leukocyte count, blood sugar, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and heart rate, body temperature, and mean arterial pressure before treatment and post treatment hour (PTH) 24 were recorded. Besides, occurrence of hemorrhage, hypocalcemia, metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, and death within 28 days post injury were recorded. Data were processed with t test and chi-square test.@*Results@#The use time of blood filter of patients in citric acid group was (28.7±3.2)h, significantly longer than (19.4±2.6) h in heparin group (t=14.139, P<0.01). The recovery time of urine volume and time of staying in ICU of patients in citric acid group were respectively (7.6±0.9) and (9.6±1.3) d, significantly shorter than (9.2±1.5) and (11.2±1.8) d in heparin group (t=5.516, 4.697, P<0.01). Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in platelet count, APTT, and PT of patients in 2 groups (t=1.235, 0.515, 1.279, P>0.05). At PTH 24, the platelet count of patients in citric acid group was significantly higher than that in heparin group (t=10.947, P<0.01), and APTT and PT of patients in citric acid group were significantly shorter than those in heparin group (t=7.069, 9.142, P<0.01). Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, and cystatin C of patients in 2 groups (t=1.684, 1.878, 1.472, P>0.05). At PTH 24, the serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, and cystatin C of patients in citric acid group were significantly lower than those in heparin group (t=7.778, 9.776, 5.117, P<0.01). Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in serum procalcitonin and C-reactive protein of patients in 2 groups (t=1.413, 0.898, P>0.05). At PTH 24, the serum procalcitonin and C-reactive protein of patients in citric acid group were significantly lower than those in heparin group (t=2.635, 2.297, P<0.05). Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in neutrophil, leukocyte count, blood sugar, AST, and ALT of patients in 2 groups (t=0.555, 0.816, 0.470, 1.896, 0.982, P>0.05). At PTH 24, the neutrophil, leukocyte count, blood sugar, AST, and ALT of patients in citric acid group were significantly lower than those in heparin group (t=2.054, 3.314, 7.185, 2.151, 3.013, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in heart rate, body temperature, and mean arterial pressure of patients in 2 groups (t=1.406, 0.474, 0.720, P>0.05). At PTH 24, the heart rate, body temperature, and mean arterial pressure of patients in citric acid group were significantly lower than those in heparin group (t=2.307, 4.498, 2.056, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The incidence of hemorrhage of patients in citric acid group while in hospital was significantly lower than that in heparin group (χ2=4.949, P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in incidence of hypocalcemia, metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, and death rate within 28 days post injury of patients in 2 groups while in hospital (χ2=3.346, 0.884, 0.297, 0.324, P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Citric acid has significant anticoagulant effect on patients with large area of burn complicated with acute renal injury treated by CRRT, which can prolong the use time of the blood filter, shorten the recovery time of urine volume and time of staying in ICU, improve renal function indexes, blood biochemical indexes, and inflammation indexes, maintain the stability of internal environment, and reduce the risk of hemorrhage.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 121-127, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745030

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of anti-infective reconstituted bone xenograft (ARBX) combined with external fixation in the treatment of adult infective nonunion of humeral shaft.Methods A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 18 patients with infected nonunion of humeral shaft admitted to Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from January 2014 to December 2016.There were 10 males and eight females,aged 19-62 years [(36.9 ± 11.8)years].According to Umiarov classification of infective nonunion,there were 11 patients with type Ⅲ and seven with type Ⅳ.All patients were treated with anti-infective reconstituted bone xenograft (ARBX) combined with external fixation.The number of operations,bone healing time,bone healing rate,infection control rate,postoperative weight bearing time,the time of external fixation removal,postoperative complications,erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),and C-reactive protein (CRP) before and after operation were recorded.Fracture healing and functional recovery were evaluated using the Johner-Wruch lower limb function score.Results The patients were followed up for 12-30 months [(21.3 ±5.6)months].The operation was performed for (1.4 ±0.9) times,with time of bone healing for (16.6 ± 5.8)months,bone healing rate of 83% (15/18),and infection control rate of 94% (17/18).The postoperative weight bearing time in 15 patients who obtained bone healing was (3.3 ± 1.5)months after operation,and the external fixation removal time was (18.5 ± 4.2) months after operation.There were three patients with nonunion after operation including one with infection recurrence.Five patients were found with nail tract infection.ESR and CRP at postoperative 3 months [(13.1 ± 8.4)mm/h and (5.6 ± 4.6)mg/L] were significantly lower than those before operation [(47.3 ± 19.2)mm/h and (23.4 ± 7.4) mg/L] (P < 0.05).According to Johner-Wruch lower limb function scores,the results were excellent in nine patients,good in four,fair in one,and poor in four,with excellent and good rate of 72%.Conclusion ARBX combined with External fixation can effectively treat infective nonunion of humeral shaft,improve bone healing rate,and promote function recovery.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796640

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To develop occupational radiation disease and occupational health monitoring system for radiation workers in order to identify the current status of occupational health management of radiation workers in China.@*Methods@#In compliance with the relevant laws, regulations and standards in China, the system design was completed according to wide variety of needs.@*Results@#An occupational health monitoring system for radiation workers was initially established. The system consisted of four modules and three levels of users to make sure.@*Conclusions@#Through the collection of data, some key risk points existing in radiology diagnosis and treatment have been identified in relation to occupational radiation disease, so as to provide scientific basis for health administrative department to carry out decision-making and revision of laws and regulations.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796637

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish the national occupational radiation disease reporting system and learn about the incidence of occupational radiation sickness in radiation workers.@*Methods@#In accordance with the relevant regulations, standards and literatures available in China, the system was designed and implemented to survey the requirements of diagnosis institutions of occupational radiation sickness and administrative departments.@*Results@#The system was initially established with expectant functions. The system functional modules consisted of case reporting, case information enquiry, statistical analysis and system management. The diagnosis institutions of occupational radiation sickness had used the system to report the cases diagnosed in 2017.@*Conclusions@#The system achieved the standardized case reporting for the institutions of occupational radiation sickness, and provided scientific data for the health surveillance of radiation workers and decisions of governments.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791391

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop occupational radiation disease and occupational health monitoring system for radiation workers in order to identify the current status of occupational health management of radiation workers in China. Methods In compliance with the relevant laws, regulations and standards in China, the system design was completed according to wide variety of needs. Results An occupational health monitoring system for radiation workers was initially established. The system consisted of four modules and three levels of users to make sure. Conclusions Through the collection of data, some key risk points existing in radiology diagnosis and treatment have been identified in relation to occupational radiation disease, so as to provide scientific basis for health administrative department to carry out decision-making and revision of laws and regulations.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791388

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the national occupational radiation disease reporting system and learn about the incidence of occupational radiation sickness in radiation workers. Methods In accordance with the relevant regulations, standards and literatures available in China, the system was designed and implemented to survey the requirements of diagnosis institutions of occupational radiation sickness and administrative departments. Results The system was initially established with expectant functions. The system functional modules consisted of case reporting, case information enquiry, statistical analysis and system management. The diagnosis institutions of occupational radiation sickness had used the system to report the cases diagnosed in 2017. Conclusions The system achieved the standardized case reporting for the institutions of occupational radiation sickness, and provided scientific data for the health surveillance of radiation workers and decisions of governments.

15.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 370-373, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806699

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate effect of continuous plasma filtration adsorption on treatment of severely burned patients with sepsis.@*Methods@#In January 2014 to September 2017, 86 severely burned patients with sepsis, conforming to the study criteria, were admitted to our hospital and divided into into routine treatment group and continuous plasma filtration group according to the random number table method, with 43 patients in each group. Patients in routine treatment group were treated with routine treatment after admission. Patients in continuous plasma filtration group were treated with blood filter, blood purification machine, and plasma separator for continuous plasma filtration adsorption on the basis of the routine treatment group on the second day after admission. The course of treatment in the 2 groups was 7 d. The total effective treatment rate, changes of leukocyte count (WBC), usea nitrogen, serum creatinine, neutrophile CD64, procalcitonin, and C reactive protein (CRP) before and after treatment, and mortality on 28 days after treatment of patients in 2 groups were analyzed and compared.@*Results@#(1) The total effective treatment rate of patients in continuous plasma filtration group was 88.37% (38/43), which was significantly higher than that of the routine treatment group [65.12% (28/43), χ2=6.515, P=0.018]. (2) After treatment, WBC, urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, neutrophils CD64, procalcitonin, and CRP of patients in continuous plasma filtration group were significantly lower those in routine treatment group (t=6.305, 4.420, 18.537, 13.435, 12.975, 14.234, P<0.05). WBC, urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, neutrophile CD64, procalcitonin, and CRP of patients in 2 groups after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment (t=9.459, 9.130, 25.438, 35.467, 23.471, 23.601, 3.802, 5.662, 12.067, 25.694, 20.720, 12.437, P<0.05). (3) On 28 days after treatment, mortality of patients in continuous plasma filtration group was 6.98% (3/43), which was significantly lower than that in routine treatment group [25.58% (11/43)], χ2=5.460, P=0.023.@*Conclusions@#Continuous plasma filtration adsorption is effective in treating severely burned patients with sepsis, which can alleviate inflammatory reaction mediated by inflammatory cytokine with good prognosis.

16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 727-730, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881742

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of occupational stress on the level of salivary cortisol in electronic manufacturing workers. METHODS: Two hundreds and forty workers were selected as study subjects by cluster sampling method. The Job Content Questionnaire and the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire were used to investigate the level of occupational stress in the job demand control( JDC) model and effort reward Imbalance( ERI) model. The saliva samples of workers were taken to determine the cortisol levels. RESULTS: Among the 240 workers,172( 71. 7%) showed occupational stress based on JDC model and 59( 24. 6%) showed occupational stress based on ERI model. The level of salivary cortisol of the workers in the high occupational stress group of JDC and ERI model were higher than those of the low occupational stress group( P < 0. 01). The level of salivary cortisol was positively correlated with the score of job demands,external costs and internal inputs( P < 0. 01),and it was negatively correlated with score of return dimension( P < 0. 01). In the occupational stress of JDC model,job requirements and autonomy entered the regression equation( P < 0. 05),that explained the 14. 0% of the total variation of the equation. In the occupational stress of ERI model,job pay and return dimension entered the regression equation( P < 0. 05),that explained the 13. 0% of the total variation of the equation. CONCLUSION: There is a correlation between occupational stress and level of salivary cortisol in the electronic manufacturing workers. Salivary cortisol can be used as an indicator of occupational stress.

17.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 197-201, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of long-term low-dose ionizing radiation exposure on arterial vascular elasticity in female residents. METHODS: A cluster random sampling method was used,95 female residents in 2 regions with high external γ radiation dose rate in the high radiation background area( HBRA) in Yangjiang City were selected as the HBRA group,and 96 female residents from the control area( CA) in Enping City were chosen as the CA group. The height,body mass,waist circumference,hip circumference and blood pressure were measured in individuals of these two groups. The fasting blood samples of elbow vein were collected to measure high-density lipoprotein cholesterol( HDL-C),low-density lipoprotein cholesterol( LDL-C),triglycerides( TG) and blood glucose. The cardio-ankle vascular index( CAVI) was measured using the blood pressure and pulse check device. RESULTS: The CAVI of the CA and HBRA groups were( 8. 09 ±1. 03) and( 8. 35 ± 1. 60) m/s,respectively. The abnormal rates of CAVI were 25. 00% and 29. 47%,respectively. The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that after adjustment for age,HDL-C,LDL-C,TG,hypertension,abnormal glucose metabolism and abdominal obesity,the CAVI adjustment mean values of the CA and HBRA groups were8. 19 and 8. 25 m/s,respectively. The HBRA group was about 0. 73% higher than the CA group,but the difference was not statistically significant( standardized partial regression coefficient = 0. 021,P > 0. 05). After matching age of both groups,the difference of the adjusted mean of CAVI between the two groups was not statistically significant( P > 0. 05).CONCLUSION: Long-term low-dose radiation exposure is not associated with atherosclerosis in female population.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708132

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes in distribution of occupational radiation cases reported from 2013 to 2017 in China and learn about the occupational health risks of radiation workers.Methods Descriptive analyses were made of regional distribution,disease category distribution,occupation category distribution and exposure mode distribution of these cases,according to the reports (2013-2017) of occupational radiation sickness from " Occupational Health of Radiation Workers Management System".Results There were 54 diagnostic radiology agencies for occupational radiation sickness in China that covered all provinces,autonomous regions and municipalities except Tibet and Production and Construction Corps of Xinjiang.A total of 106 new cases were reported from 2013 to 2017.Most of the cases were radiogenic neoplasm (43.40%),and chronic radiation sickness were from external exposure (16.98%) and radiation cataract (16.04%).Most of the cases (70.75%) were engaged in medical application and a small part of the cases (13.21%) engaged in industry application.Chronic exposure (80.19%) was the most frequent form of exposure mode,but acute exposure (5.66%) was very few.A part of cases (14.15%) were reported without exposure mode.Conclusions The morbidity of occupational radiation sickness declined generally in China and occupational health management of key workers should be strengthened continuously.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712161

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the pathogenesis gene mutation of a pedigree with Cockayne syndrome.Methods The peripheral blood samples of the patient and his family members were collected and the genomic DNA was then extracted.Whole exome sequencing(WES)was performed for proband′s DNA.The disease-causing mutations were identified by bioinformatics analysis and pedigree analysis. Meanwhile,the mutations were confirmed by Sanger sequencing.Results Two novel mutations in ERCC8 gene,including c.400-2A >G and c.394_398delATGTA(p.L132fs)were identified in proband.The splicing mutation originated from his father and changed the splice acceptor site AG to GG, thus possibly caused alternative splicing.The c.394_398delATGTA(p.L132fs)frameshifting mutation was inherited from his mother.The proband′s sister also carried the same compound heterozygous mutation and had the same phenotype as proband.Conclusion The pathogenesis ERCC8 gene mutation of this pedigree with Cockayne syndrome was identified by using whole exome sequencing.

20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 156-159, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808345

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of Meek skin grafting on patients with extensive deep burn at different age groups.@*Methods@#Eighty-four patients with extensive deep burns conforming to the study criteria were hospitalized in our unit from April 2011 to April 2015. Patients were divided into children group (C, with age less than 12 years old), young and middle-aged group (YM, with age more than 18 years and less than 50 years old), and old age group (O, with age more than 55 years old) according to age, with 28 patients in each group. All patients received Meek skin grafting treatment. The use of autologous skin area, operation time, wound healing time, and hospitalization time were recorded. The survival rate of skin graft on post operation day 7, complete wound healing rate in post treatment week 2, and the mortality were calculated. Data were processed with one-way analysis of variance, t test, and χ2 test.@*Results@#The use of autologous skin area of patients in group C was (5.1±1.0)% total body surface area (TBSA), significantly less than (8.3±1.0)%TBSA and (8.3±1.4)%TBSA in groups YM and O, respectively (with t values 32.900 and 52.624, respectively, P values below 0.05). The operation time, wound healing time, and hospitalization time of patients in group C were (1.368±0.562) h, (9.6±0.6) and (32±11) d, significantly shorter than those in group YM [(3.235±0.011) h, (16.9±2.6) and (48±12) d, respectively] and group O [(3.692±0.481) h, (17.3±2.6) and (46±13) d, respectively, with t values from 4.350 to 21.160, P values below 0.05]. The survival rate of skin graft of patients on post operation day 7 in group C was (92±15)%, significantly higher than (81±10)% and (72±12)% in groups YM and O, respectively (with t values 5.509 and 3.229, respectively, P values below 0.05). The above indexes in groups YM and O were similar (with t values from 0.576 to 22.958, P values above 0.05). Complete wound healing rate in post treatment week 2 and the mortality of patients in group C were similar to those in groups YM and O (with χ2 values 0.365 and 0.122, respectively, P values above 0.05).@*Conclusions@#Meek skin grafting can be used in the treatment of patients with extensive deep burns at different age groups, compared with the young and middle-aged and old patients, the effect in children was better.

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