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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 333-337, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923099

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore relationship between screen time and myopia in children aged 11-14 years in China.@*Methods@#The data were extracted from "National Nutrition and Health Systematic Survey and Application for 0-18 Years Old Children". A total of 12 397 children aged 11-14 years old from 14 provinces and 28 districts/counties in seven regions of China were surveyed by using multi stage stratified random sampling method. Daily screen time and visual acuity information were collected through a questionnaire.@*Results@#The myopia rate of 11-14 years old children in China was 45.0%, among which the rate of girls was higher than that of boys, and the rate of urban was higher than that of rural, and it increased with age ( χ 2=178.82,79.25, 495.96 , P <0.01). The daily screen time median of 12 397 children was 40.0 minutes, with boys(40.0 min) longer than girls( 35.0 min ) and urban children(40 min) longer than rural children(33.0 min) ( χ 2=20.86,102.68, P <0.01). The myopia rate of boys ( 42.5 %) with daily screen time greater than or equal to 60 minutes was higher than that of boys (36.4%) with daily screen time less than 60 minutes, and the myopia rate of girls (55.6%) with daily screen time greater than or equal to 60 minutes was higher than that of girls (48.0%)( χ 2=23.62,34.15, P <0.01). After adjusting for age, gender, region, time of medium and high intensity physical activity, intake of sugary food and sugary beverages, daily sleep time, multivariable Logistic regression model showed that girls with daily screen time greater than or equal to 60 minutes ( OR=1.14, 95%CI =1.03-1.27) had a higher risk of myopia than those with less than 60 minutes. After adjusting for confounding factors, there was no correlation between daily screen time and the degree of myopia in boys or girls( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#Daily screen time greater than or equal to 60 minutes may be a risk factor for myopia in girls aged 11 to 14 years old. Given the complexity of the factors that affect vision, researches are needed to examine the relationship between screen time and myopia.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 112-117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885738

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of multi-channel health education model by professional team on drug compliance, disease knowledge and recurrence in rate of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, so as to provide basis for formulating scientific health education measures.Methods:From February 2016 to February 2019, IBD patients visited First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University were selected. According to whether they received health education, the patients were divided into intervention group (100 cases) and control group (138 cases). Morisky medication adherence scale-8 (MMAS-8) and Chinese version of Crohn′s and colitis knowledge score (CCKNOW) were used to evaluate treatment compliance and disease knowledge. The score of MMAS-8, the proportion of poor drug compliance, CCKNOW score and recurrence rate at 48 weeks of follow-up were compared between the intervention group and control group. Two sample t test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results:The total scores of MMAS-8 and CCKNOW of the intervention group were both higher than those of the control group (5.58±1.96 vs. 4.47±1.44, 10.87±4.21 vs. 9.23±4.65), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-5.06 and -2.79, both P<0.05). The proportion of patients with poor drug compliance and recurrence rate at 48 weeks of follow up of the intervention group were both lower than those of the control group (56.0%, 56/100 vs. 86.2%, 119/138; 20.0%, 20/100 vs. 31.9%, 44/138), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=38.18 and 4.17, both P<0.05). Conclusions:Multi-channel health education by professional team can effectively improve the drug compliance and disease knowledge in IBD patients, improve patient self-management ability, and reduce the recurrence rate.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882379

ABSTRACT

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a type of endogenous non-coding RNAs discovered recently, which are produced by models such as circularization driven by intron pairing and are regulated by related regulatory factors. An important biological function of circRNAs is to act as a molecular sponge to make the level of microRNAs significantly change in a short period of time. A number of studies have shown that circRNAs are closely associated with ischemic stroke. Therefore, a better understanding of the function of circRNAs and its regulatory mechanism will help to explore the expression of circRNAs in early ischemic stroke and its molecular mechanism in the occurrence and development of ischemic stroke, so as to establish an early warning model to realize the early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment of ischemic stroke. This article reviews the definition, biological characteristics, and expression changes and roles of circRNAs after ischemic stroke.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856295

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of pronator quadratus muscle sparing in volar plate fixation for unstable distal radius fracture in adults. Methods: The clinical data of 62 cases of unstable distal radius fractures between January 2017 and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different methods of intraoperative exposure, the patients were divided into the observe group (28 cases with the pronator quadratus muscle sparing surgery) and the control group (32 cases with cutting the pronator quadratus muscle in operation and repairing it after volar plate fixation). There was no significant difference in general data such as gender, age, handedness, cause of injury, fracture classification, time from injury to operation, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and range of motion (ROM) of wrist (flexion, extension, pronation, and supination) before operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, fracture healing time, and postoperative complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. VAS score and ROM of wrist of two groups before operation and at 3 days and 3 months after operation were calculated and compared. The wrist function was evaluated according to the Krimmer evaluation criteria at 6 months after operation. Results: There was no significant difference in operation time and intraoperative blood loss between the two groups ( P>0.05). The postoperative hospital stay and fracture healing time of the observe group were significantly shorter than those of the control group ( P0.05). At 6 months after operation, according to Krimmer evaluation criteria, the wrist function of the observe group was excellent in 21 cases and good in 7 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 100%; and the wrist function of the control group was excellent in 22 cases, good in 11 cases, and fair in 1 case, with an excellent and good rate of 97.1%. There was no significant difference in wrist function between the two groups ( χ2=1.344, P=0.511). One case of poor incision healing occurred in the observe group, and 7 cases of poor incision healing and 5 cases of tendon pain occurred in the control group after operation. The incidence of postoperative complications was less in the observe group (3.6%) than in the control group (35.3%) ( χ2=9.325, P=0.002). Conclusion: It is feasible of the pronator quadratus muscle sparing in the volar plate fixation for unstable distal radius fracture in adults. It is beneficial to recover wrist function early after operation, reduce postoperative complications, shorten the length of hospitalization, protect the soft tissue of fracture site, and promote fracture healing.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 361-367, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871551

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect that covering the nerve suture with CSPGs-gelatin sleeve after the sciatic nerve transection in SD rats, and evaluate its effect to improve nerve regeneration in peripheral nerve transection model.Methods:Covered and protected the sciatic nerve by end-to-end suture in the SD rats with CSPGs-gelatin sleeve. From July, 2019 to September, 2019, 24 SD rats were randomly and evenly divided into 3 groups, which were direct suture group, gelatin sleeve group without CSPGs (blank group), and CSPGs-gelatin sleeve group (CSPGs group). In each group, 3 rats were used to mark fluorescent gold at 5 weeks after operation. At 6 weeks after operation, histological and electrophysiological tests were performed to evaluate the tissue regeneration in the end to end suture and the effect of peripheral nerve regeneration after transection in the other 5 rats. One-way ANOVA was used for data analysis. If the difference between groups was statistically significant, LSD method would be further used for pairwise comparison. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:The escape distances in direct suture groups, blank group and CSPGs group groups were (787.19±213.77) μm, (547.17±167.71) μm and (350.60±68.58) μm, respectively; The numbers of the axons that grow into the distal basement membrane tube in 3 groups were (6 360±736.89) /mm 2, (8 040±673.05) /mm 2 and (9 000±644.20) /mm 2, respectively; The numbers of sensory nerve cells that were marked by fluorescent gold in the dorsal root ganglion were (124.35±25.88) /mm 2, (165.36±30.74) /mm 2 and (208.98±20.51) /mm 2 in 3 groups, respectively. The differences were significant compared with the CSPGs-gelatin sleeve group ( P<0.05). Thus, it led to a better nerve regeneration after transection in CSPGs-gelatin sleeve group according to the electrophysiological test and histological section observation of gastrocnemius muscles( P<0.05). Conclusion:CSPGs loaded in the gelatin sleeve can inhibit axons regeneration, and prevent the regenerated axons escaping from the end to end suture that may cause disorder axons regeneration or traumatic neuroma, and therefore improve the effective nerve regeneration after sciatic nerve injury in SD rat.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871518

ABSTRACT

As continuous progressive improvement in microsurgery, the postoperative evaluation of severed limbs replantation has been developed from the survival to the functional recovery of replanted extremity. In 1978, Chen Zhongwei devised a system for the function evaluation of the replants, considering "the ability to work, range of motion, recovering of sensation, and recovering of muscle power". This system was called "CHEN’s criteria" and it is still internationally used. In recent years, new parameters and measuring methods have been created without an agreed international standard. This article serves the purpose to offer a reference in the standardization and promotion of a practical standard for the postoperative functional evaluation of severed limb replantation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871513

ABSTRACT

In and from year 2020, we will work on an enthusiastic initiative: to make the Chinese Journal of Microsurgery a world leading sci-tech journal by executing our new mission "inheritance, innovation, unity, cooperation and internationalization" . Two special columns will be created: World Masters in Microsurgery and Pioneers of Microsurgery in China. We will start to compile a bilingual Bibliographic Index of Literatures in Microsurgery in China (Chinese and English), and publish a commemorative album which includes all the successive members of the editorial boards of the Chinese Journal of Microsurgery. A new academic and communicational forum will be established through a series of academic seminars held by the Chinese Journal of Microsurgery. In addition, we will start professional training programs for the surgeons and junior surgeons who work in the first-line of care in microsurgery, assist and enable them to participate international academic events and build/establish cooperation with their international counterparts. In line with international standards, we will apply bilingual titles and abstracts of articles in both Chinese and English, and add English interpretations/translations to all the references listed in Chinese. We will continue to keep our best work to make our journal being listed by the Medline hence to fulfil international involvement.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799595

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the etiology and epidemiological characteristics of gastroenteritis virus in foodborne diseases from three cities in Shandong.@*Methods@#From January to December 2017, six sentinel hospitals in Jinan, Yantai and Linyi city of Shandong Province were selected as the research sites. Stool samples of 1 397 diarrhea patients were collected, as well as basic information and clinical symptoms. Duplex quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect Norovirus genogroupⅠ (Nov GⅠ) and genogroupⅡ (Nov GⅡ), Sapovirus (SAV) and Human astrovirus (HAstV), respectively, quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect group A Rotavirus (RVA), and quantitative PCR was used to detect Enteric adenovirus (EAdV). The specific gene of the virus were sequenced and typed. It was compared that the gastroenteritis virus rate in cases with different characteristics and the clinical symptoms difference between the virus positive and negative cases.@*Results@#The median age (P25, P75) was 23 (1, 42) , mainly male, 57.48% with 803 cased and children under 5 years old, 36.36% with 508 cases. The positive rate of gastroenteritis virus was 33.93% (474 cases), and that of Jinan, Linyi and Yantai City were 32.03% (147/459), 41.54% (189/455) and 28.57% (138/483), respectively (P<0.001). Nov GⅡ had the highest positive rate, 16.54% (231 cases), which, mainly GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.2 (48.28%, 56/116), peaked in May (24.75%, 50/202) and June (19.59%, 38/194). In patients of gastroenteritis virus positive, 44.51% (211/474) had vomiting symptoms, higher than that of patients of gastroenteritis virus negative (34.13%, 315/923). The difference was statistically significant (P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#In Shandong Province, the majority of gastroenteritis patients were male and children under 5 years old. Nov GⅡ possessed highest epidemic intensity, and peaked in spring and summer. Viral gastroenteritis had atypical clinical symptoms.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827418

ABSTRACT

Wernekink commissure syndrome (WCS) is very rare. Four patients with WCS, admitted to our hospital from April to May 2018, were chosen for this study, and their clinical manifestations, imaging features, and etiology were retrospectively analyzed based on the literatures. All patients with WCS manifested as bilateral cerebellar ataxia such as symmetrical limb and trunk ataxia, but the degree of ataxia was asymmetrical distribution based on the anatomy. Dysarthria was the main and constant clinical manifestation of the syndrome. Ophthalmoplegia had great variability, and WCS with oculomotor nerve palsy may be considered as atypical WCS. The incidence of olivary degeneration and palatine myoclonus is relatively low, which may be related to the difference in the reported time intervals of cases. Changes in consciousness and emotion may be the characteristic of neglected WCS, which should be paid more attention. Cerebral infarction is the main etiology of WCS. We reported that cerebral infarction and WCS was the first symptom in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We should pay more attention to special etiology in diagnosis and treatment of WCS.


Subject(s)
Cerebellar Ataxia , Cerebral Infarction , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Retrospective Studies , Syndrome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805144

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and pathogen types of viral diarrhea in children under 5 years of age in Shandong province, and provide reference for the prevention and control of viral diarrhea.@*Methods@#A total of 1 017 fecal samples were collected from all children aged 5 years and younger with diarrhea who were admitted to the sentinel hospital of Shandong province from 2012 to 2017 within 3 days. Rotavirus antigen was detected by using an ELISA method . Rotavirus G/P typing was performed by RT-PCR; Norovirus (GI and GII), Sapovirus, and Astrovirus were detected by multiplex RT-PCR, and adenovirus was detected by PCR.@*Results@#In the 1 017 fecal specimens, the overall positive rate was 51.62% (525/1017), and viral nucleic acids were detected in at least 421 samples, and mixed virus infection was found in 104 sampes. The mixed infection accounted for 10.23% (104/1017) of all infections. The positive detection rates of Rotavirus, Calicivirus, Adenovirus and Astrovirus were 34.22% (348/1017), 16.91% (172/1017), 2.56% (26/1017), and 9.64% (98/1017)). The total detection rate of diarrhea virus and the detection rate of Rotavirus were the highest at 12 to 17 months of age, which was 51.72% (105/203) and 20.20% (41/203), respectively. The positive rate of diarrhea in children aged 2 years and younger was 49.36% (502/1017), which was much higher than the positive rate of diarrhea in children over 2 years old (2.26% (23/1017)). The peak of viral diarrhea was found to occur between November and April of the following year. The genotype of rotavirus was dominated by G9 (82.76%), the P genotype was dominated by P[8] (80.46%), and the G/P combination was dominated by G9P[8] (83.87%). Norovirus was the main infection in the Calicivirus (87.21%).@*Conclusions@#From 2012 to 2017, viral diarrhea in children under 5 years of age in Shandong Province was mainly caused by Rotavirus infection, followed by Norovirus. The overall prevalence of viral diarrhea in Shandong was moderate in China, and autumn and winter were the main epidemic season for viral diarrhea.

11.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 264-267, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756325

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the anatomy characteristics of saphenous artery(SA) and its perforator vessels in mini pig,and to provide a new perforator flap animal model.Methods Between May,2018 and August,2018,6 7-months-old mini pigs weight 25 kilograms were sacrificed by blooding under general anesthesia.The bilateral external iliac arteries were injected with a mixture of latex-lead oxide mixture and underwent CT-scanning to provide 3-dimensional reconstruction.The origin,diameter,courses and distribution of the SA and perforators of both hind limbs were observed.Results One of the hind limbs was abandoned due to the leakage of perfusion fluid.The other 11 hind limbs were available.The femoral artery passed through the medial femoral muscle and sartorius muscle in the middle of thigh,and run between the medial femoral muscle and gracilis muscle above the knee.Below the knee,it run on the surface of the medial leg muscles.A number of small branches were distributed in the tarsal joint and calcaneus at the medial malleolus,and there were abundant communicating branches with the posterior tibial artery.The average length of SA was (14.86±0.76) mm.The outer diameters of SA at initiative,medial tibial condyle and medial malleolus were(1.73±0.15) mm,(1.50±0.12) mm and (1.30±0.13) mm,respectively.There were a total of 79 perforators which were identified,with a mean of (7.09±1.16) perforators per hind limbs.And the average outer diameter was 0.10-0.78 (0.40±0.13) mm.Conclusion The SA constantly exist with good outer diameter.The number of perforator is abundant.SA can be used as a reliable animal model for studying and training of perforator flap.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753452

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of experiential teaching in the clinical teaching of psychiatry. Methods A total of 80 senior students who received internship in Department of Psychiatry in our hospital from June 2017 to February 2018 were randomly divided into control group and observation group, with 40 students in each group. The students in the control group received traditional teaching , and those in the observation group received experiential teaching . The scores of theoretical examination and practical skill examination were compared between the two groups, and a questionnaire survey was performed to investigate their feedback for clinical teaching. Results There was no significant difference in the score of theoretical examination between the two groups (79.20±11.58 vs. 81.60±12.51), but the observation group had a significantly higher score of practical skills than the control group (85.80± 6.37 vs. 73.40±7.60). The results of the questionnaire survey showed that compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly better abilities of clinical practice , knowledge understanding , comprehensive analysis, problem solving, and team cooperation, and the experiential teaching method helped the students to grasp the teaching content, improve learning efficiency, cultivate self-learning ability, and stimulate their learning interest . Conclusion Experiential teaching can improve students' learning interest, satisfaction with teaching, and doctor-patient communication ability and thus improve the training effect of psychiatric practical skills. Therefore, it holds promise for application in teaching.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754352

ABSTRACT

With the deepening of the concept of precise and minimally invasive treatment for liver cancer, local thermal ablation is playing an increasingly important role in the comprehensive treatment of liver cancer and is becoming a new way to kill tumor cells. It can not only directly inactivate tumor cells, but also induce specific antitumor immunity. However, the immune response induced by thermal ablation is often at a low level, which is not sufficient to prevent tumor progression. Thermal ablation combined with transhe-patic arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and immunotherapy can significantly improve antitumor immunity, delay the recurrence and metastasis of tumors, and provide new ideas for the treatment of liver cancer, especially advanced liver cancer. It has a broad applica-tion value. In this review, the progress of thermal ablation in immunotherapy of hepatocellular carcinoma is reviewed.

14.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 521-524, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735002

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the curative effect of anterolateral musculocutaneous flap to repair the soft defect of the lower leg amputation stump which on the verge of reamputation, and preserved the length of leg or the knee joint to improve prosthetic limb function. Methods Four patients with soft defect and bone expose of proxi-mal leg amputation stump were enrolled in this study from April, 2013 to November, 2016. Each patient underwent stump revision using anterolateral musculocutaneous flap, including 3 free musculocutaneous flaps and 1 pedicle mus-culocutaneous flap. The patients were all male with the mean age of 20(8-48) years. The wound was treated debride-ment, and reconstructed on the second stage. Defect area was from 7.0 cm×6.0 cm to 25.0 cm×10.0 cm. Anterolateral musculocutaneous flaps was from 13.0 cm×10.0 cm to 28.0 cm×12.0 cm. The length of preservation tibia stump was from 5.2 cm to 9.4 cm. Results All patients were followed-up from 12 months to 37 months (average, 19 months). All the musculocutaneous flaps survived completely with a soft tissue texture, elastic, and very wear-resisting. The sensory return was determined to be S2in 2 patients, S3in 1 patient and S3+ in 1 patient. The 6-Minute Walk Test:grade Ⅳ in 2 cases, grade Ⅲ in 2 cases; Stanmore movement classification: gradeV in 2 cases, grade Ⅳ in 2 cases. Conclusion The anterolateral musculocutaneous flap maybe is an ideal flap to provid stable coverage for the stump of leg amputation which on the verge of reamputation.

15.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2018; 28 (12): 934-936
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-205236

ABSTRACT

Objective: to determine the levels of interleukin-6 [IL-6] and tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-alpha] gene transcription and protein expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells [PBMCs] of children with bacterial and viral infectious diarrhea


Study Design: an observational study


Place and Duration of Study: department of Pediatrics, Pingyi County People's Hospital of Shandong province, Pingyi, China, from January 2017 to February 2018


Methodology: children with bacterial diarrhea and children with viral diarrhea were assigned to respective bacterial and viral infection groups. The serum IL-6, TNF-alpha levels in the two groups were detected by ELISA. PBMCs were collected from study subjects, and mRNA transcription expression level of IL-6 and TNF-alpha in PBMCs of the two groups were determined by semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction [RT-PCR] technique, and IL-6 and TNF-alpha protein expression levels in PBMCs of the two groups were determined by Western blot analysis


Results: in a total of 50 children with bacterial diarrhea and 70 with viral diarrhea, the levels of serum IL-6, PBMCs IL-6 mRNA transcription and IL-6 protein expression were higher in the viral infection group than in the bacterial infection group [all p<0.001]. The level of serum TNF-alpha and PBMCs TNF-alpha mRNA transcription and TNF-alpha protein expression were higher in the bacterial infection group than in the viral infection group [all p<0.001]


Conclusion: when it is difficult to clinically identify the pathogeny of pediatric diarrhea infection, adjuvant diagnosis can be made by virtue of IL-6 and TNF-alpha changes in the blood to choose the correct treatment

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709161

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the accuracy of dual energy brain CT plane scanning in diagnosis of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and contrast medium extravasation in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients after endovascular treatment.Methods Twenty AIS patients underwent dual energy brain CT scanning immediately after endovascular treatment.The 140 kV and 80 kV single energy data were input into the working station.The accuracy and specificity of dual energy brain CT plane scanning in diagnosis of ICH and contrast medium extravasation were assessed according to the virtual unenhanced non-contrast (VNC) images and iodine overlay maps (IOM) combined with clinical and vonventional brain CT or MRI after 48 h.Results Of the 20 patients included in this study,6 had no high density foci and 14 had 27 high density foci in brain parenchyma and subarachnoid cavity on 140 kV single energy CT images.Of the 27 high density foci in brain parenchyma and subarachnoid cavity,8 with a consistency of VNC and IOM were diagnosed as ICH.Brain CT plane scanning demonstrated hemorrhage in 7 out of the 8 high density foci.IOM showed high density foci and VNC showed no high density foci in 19 patients which were diagnosed as contrast medium extravasation.The sensitivity,specificity,positive and negative prediction value of dual energy brain CT plane scanning in diagnosis of ICH and contrast extravasation were 100.0%,95.0%,87.5 %,and 100.0% respecttively.Conclusion Dual energy brain CT plane scanning can rapidly and accurately identify ICH.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 81-84, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808208

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a multi-system disease, and metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and NAFLD interact as both cause and effect. Deaths caused by cardiovascular diseases and malignant tumors are the adverse outcome of patients with NAFLD and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and increased deaths caused by liver disease is mainly seen in NASH patients. There is a causal relationship between NASH and hepatocellular carcinoma, and almost 50% of patients with NASH-associated hepatocellular carcinoma do not have liver cirrhosis. At present, cohort studies on the natural history of NAFLD in China should be enhanced in order to provide a basis for the development of health strategies and prevention and treatment measures. This editorial elaborates on the association of NAFLD with diabetes, cardiovascular disease, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma from the perspective of clinical epidemiology, in order to emphasize the importance of the natural history of NAFLD.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669134

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the safety and feasibility of microwave ablation assisted laparoscopic resection of liver cancer.Method The clinical data of 40 patients with liver cancer were retrospectively analyzed from April 2013 to June 2016 in Shengjing Hospital.Results Procedures were completed successfully without conversion to open laparotomy or serious complications.The average operation time,blood loss and postoperative hospital stay were (160 ± 68) min,(36 ± 27) ml and (7.6 _± 2.7) d,respectively.There was no tumor recurrence in surgical margins.The postoperative median tumor-free survival was 30 months,with cumulative 1-year and 2-year tumor-free survival rates of 89.4% and 65.5%,respectively.The postoperative median overall survival time was 38 months,with cumulative 1-year and 2-year survival rates of 100% and 90.9%,respectively.Conclusion Microwave ablation can effectively control intraoperative bleeding,and prevent tumor recurrence in surgical margins.Microwave ablation assisted laparoscopic hepatectomy is safe and feasible for hepatocellular carcinoma.

19.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 218-221, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686709

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the short-term outcome of vascularized supraclavicular lymph nodes flap transplantation to treat the lower extremity lymphedema.Methods From June,2014 to June,2016,6 cases of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ lower extremity lymphedema received vascularized supraclavicular lymph nodes flap transplantation in this study.Flap size ranged from 2.5 cm×8.0 cm to 3.5 cm×10.0 cm.The anterior tibial artery and accompanying vein were detached for anastomosis.Results One case suffered flap necrosis and then received lymphatic-venous anastomosis instead;2 cases suffered vascular crisis and partial flap necrosis,but transplanted lymph node survived and the wound were closed with skin graft.The other 3 flaps survived without any complication.Follow-up time ranged from 0.5 to 2.0 years.The affected limb circumference and the incidence of lymphangitis decreased significandy,with no complications observed in donor site.Conclusion Using vascularized supraclavicular lymph nodes flap transplantation to treat lower limb lymphedema,it has satisfactory short-term outcome and no obvious complications.It is a promising treatment choice for patients with lower extremity lymphedema in the early and mid stage.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620611

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of Wangbi tablet oral therapy combined with joint mobilization in the treatment of periarthritis of shoulder, to provide reference for the treatment of periarthritis of shoulder.Methods A total of 136 patients with scapulohumeral periarthritis in our hospital from January 2015 to June 2016 were selected as the research object, according to the order of hospitalized patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group,with 68 cases in each group, the observation group was treated with Wangbi tablet combined with joint mobilization,the control group was treated with single joint mobilization.After treatment, the clinical curative effect,complications or adverse reactions were comparedbetween the two groups, visual analogue scale(VAS)was used to compare the degree of pain of shoulder joint of patients before and after treatment, the shoulder joint function score were compared by the Japanese Orthopedic Association(JOA)'s shoulder disease score, the patients were followed up for a half a year and the Barthel index score was used to compare the daily life ability score of dynamic contrast.Results (1)The total effective rate of the observation group was(64/68), the control group was 82.35%(56/68), the observation group was significantly better than the control group(P<0.05).(2)The incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group was(8/68), the control group was 7.35%(5/68), and the safety of the two groups was good.(3)the VAS score of the observation group was(3.09±0.98), the control group was(4.53±1.02), and the pain of the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group(P<0.05).(4)After treatment, the JOA score of the observation group was(16.54±2.36), and the control group was(12.97±2.71).The observation group was significantly higher than the control group(P<0.05).(5)The observation group treatment and follow-up of the Barthel index score was(73.11±6.21),(83.89±7.95)points, the control group was(68.41±5.65),(73.88±6.80), the activities of daily living of the observation group were higher than that of the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion There is a significant effect of Wangbi tablet therapy combined with joint mobilization for the treatment of patients with periarthritis of shoulder, the safety of the treatment is high, can reduce the pain of patients, improve the activity of shoulder joint function and activity of daily living, the comprehensive curative effect, with a high clinical value to promote.

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