Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 128
Filter
1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2177-2181, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943053

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide emp irical evidence for relevant decision makers in China to formulate and improve policies related to children ’s medicine use . METHODS Based on the purchase data (Jul. 2016-Jun. 2019)of 18 tertiary children ’s hospitals,the availability of medicines included in the 7th edition of WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children (WHO EMLc)and their influential factors were investigated according to standard medicine investigation method recommended by the WHO and Health Action International . RESULTS A totally 189 active ingredients listed in the 7th edition of WHO EMLc were available at 18 tertiary children ’s hospitals in China ,which referred to 229 medicines. The availability of Budesonide inhalation suspension,oral rehydration salt ,Immunoglobulin for injection and Water for injection was 100%. In each quarter from Jul . 2016 to Jun . 2019,the availability of more than half of the medicines exceeded 50%,and the availability of the medicines remained basically stable in each quarter . The overall availability of cardiovascular system medicines and blood system medicines was the highest,while that of antiparasitic medicines and dermatology medicines was lower . There were 28 medicines(12.2%)that were not approved for use in children in China ,the use of which were off -label. The medicines which had been approved for children and which were included in national essential medicine list had a significantly higher availability (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS The availability of essential medicines for children is generally better at tertiary children ’s hospitals in China . But the use of some essential medicines in children are off -label. In order to ensure the safety and the availability of essential medicines for children ,it is suggested to introduce China ’s essential medicines list for children ,to promote clinical trials in children for commonly used medicines,and to updete the drug manual in time .

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To apply the multi-modal deep learning model to automatically classify the ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography (UWFA) images of diabetic retinopathy (DR).Methods:A retrospective study. From 2015 to 2020, 798 images of 297 DR patients with 399 eyes who were admitted to Eye Center of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University and were examined by UWFA were used as the training set and test set of the model. Among them, 119, 171, and 109 eyes had no retinopathy, non-proliferative DR (NPDR), and proliferative DR (PDR), respectively. Localization and assessment of fluorescein leakage and non-perfusion regions in early and late orthotopic images of UWFA in DR-affected eyes by jointly optimizing CycleGAN and a convolutional neural network (CNN) classifier, an image-level supervised deep learning model. The abnormal images with lesions were converted into normal images with lesions removed using the improved CycleGAN, and the difference images containing the lesion areas were obtained; the difference images were classified by the CNN classifier to obtain the prediction results. A five-fold cross-test was used to evaluate the classification accuracy of the model. Quantitative analysis of the marker area displayed by the differential images was performed to observe the correlation between the ischemia index and leakage index and the severity of DR.Results:The generated fake normal image basically removed all the lesion areas while retaining the normal vascular structure; the difference images intuitively revealed the distribution of biomarkers; the heat icon showed the leakage area, and the location was basically the same as the lesion area in the original image. The results of the five-fold cross-check showed that the average classification accuracy of the model was 0.983. Further quantitative analysis of the marker area showed that the ischemia index and leakage index were significantly positively correlated with the severity of DR ( β=6.088, 10.850; P<0.001). Conclusion:The constructed multimodal joint optimization model can accurately classify NPDR and PDR and precisely locate potential biomarkers.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To build a small-sample ultra-widefield fundus images (UWFI) multi-disease classification artificial intelligence model, and initially explore the ability of artificial intelligence to classify UWFI multi-disease tasks.Methods:A retrospective study. From 2016 to 2021, 1 608 images from 1 123 patients who attended the Eye Center of the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University and underwent UWFI examination were used for UWFI multi-disease classification artificial intelligence model construction. Among them, 320, 330, 319, 268, and 371 images were used for diabetic retinopathy (DR), retinal vein occlusion (RVO), pathological myopia (PM), retinal detachment (RD), and normal fundus images, respectively. 135 images from 106 patients at the Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital were used as the external test set. EfficientNet-B7 was selected as the backbone network for classification analysis of the included UWFI images. The performance of the UWFI multi-task classification model was assessed using the receiver operating characteristic curve, area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. All data were expressed using numerical values and 95% confidence intervals ( CI). The datasets were trained on the network models ResNet50 and ResNet101 and tested on an external test set to compare and observe the performance of EfficientNet with the 2 models mentioned above. Results:The overall classification accuracy of the UWFI multi-disease classification artificial intelligence model on the internal and external test sets was 92.57% (95% CI 91.13%-92.92%) and 88.89% (95% CI 88.11%-90.02%), respectively. These were 96.62% and 92.59% for normal fundus, 95.95% and 95.56% for DR, 96.62% and 98.52% for RVO, 98.65% and 97.04% for PM, and 97.30% and 94.07% for RD, respectively. The mean AUC on the internal and external test sets was 0.993 and 0.983, respectively, with 0.994 and 0.939 for normal fundus, 0.999 and 0.995 for DR, 0.985 and 1.000 for RVO, 0.991 and 0.993 for PM and 0.995 and 0.990 for RD, respectively. EfficientNet performed better than the ResNet50 and ResNet101 models on both the internal and external test sets. Conclusion:The preliminary UWFI multi-disease classification artificial intelligence model using small samples constructed in this study is able to achieve a high accuracy rate, and the model may have some value in assisting clinical screening and diagnosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930491

ABSTRACT

Antipyretic-analgesics are currently one of the most prescribed drugs in children.The clinical application of antipyretic-analgesics for children in our country still have irrational phenomenon, which affects the therapeutic effect and even poses hidden dangers to the safety of children.In this paper, suggestions were put forward from the indications, dosage form/route, dosage suitability, pathophysiological characteristics of children with individual differences and drug interactions in the symptomatic treatment of febrile children, so as to provide reference for the general pharmacists when conducting prescription review.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of aquaporin 7 ( AQP7) and aquaporin 9 ( AQP9) genes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among ethnic Han Chinese population.@*METHODS@#A case-control study involving 1194 subjects with T2DM and 1274 non-diabetic mellitus (NDM) subjects were enrolled. Genotypes of three SNPs (rs3758269 of AQP7 gene, rs16939881 and rs57139208 of AQP9 gene) were determined by using a MassArray method. The association of the three SNPs with T2DM was assess, and the correlation of glucose and lipid metabolism parameters with various SNP genotypes in the NDM group was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The allelic and genotypic frequencies of the three SNPs did not differ significantly between the two groups (P>0.05). Nor was there significant difference between the two groups with different genetic models (P>0.05). No significant association of genotypes of AQP7 gene rs3758269, AQP9 gene rs16939881 and rs57139208 with glucose and lipid metabolism parameters were observed in the NDM group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The rs3758269 in AQP7 gene and rs16939881 and rs57139208 in AQP9 gene are not associated with the genetic susceptibility of T2DM among ethnic Han Chinese population.


Subject(s)
Aquaporins/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of neuroelectromyography in peripheral facial paralysis and its correlation with House-Brackman classification.Methods:Seventy-eight patients with peripheral facial paralysis who received treatment in Yiwu Central Hospital, China between January 2016 and January 2019 were included in this study. All patients underwent neuroelectromyography. Bilateral nerve conduction velocity, latency, amplitude, and the needle electrode electrogram of orbicularis oris muscles, rbicularis oculi muscles and frontal muscles were analyzed and recorded. After 3 months of treatment, the correlation between prognosis and House-Brackman classification was analyzed.Results:Electromyography examination of 78 patients revealed among 68 patients presenting with prolonged latency, the latency on the affected side was significantly longer than that on the healthy side [(3.78 ± 0.33) ms vs. (2.89 ± 0.35) ms], t = 15.256, P < 0.001]. Among 73 patients presenting with decreased M amplitude, M amplitude on the affected side was significantly lower than that on the healthy side [(0.60 ± 0.27) mV vs. (1.83 ± 0.29) mV, t = 26.522, P < 0.001]. Among 78 patients, normal electromyography findings were observed in 2 patients and abnormal findings in 76 patients, with an abnormal rate of 97.44%. Among 78 patients, 46 patients presented with fibrillation potentials and positive sharp waves in the resting state, 40 patients presented with long duration and multiphase wave percentage of motor unit action potential in mild contraction, and 52 patients presented with abnormal recruitment potential in severe contraction. Three months of follow-up revealed that 23 out of 25 patients with mild peripheral facial paralysis had a complete recovery, with the cure rate of 92.00% (23/25), 28 out of 36 patients with moderate peripheral facial paralysis had a complete recovery, with the cure rate of 77.78% (28/36), 7 out of 10 patients with mild and moderate peripheral facial paralysis had a complete recovery, with the cure rate of 70.00% (7/10), and 3 out of 5 patients with severe peripheral facial paralysis had a complete recovery, with the cure rate of 60.00% (3/5). Conclusion:Neuroelectromyography can improve the accuracy in the identification of injury degree of peripheral facial paralysis and has a strong correlation with House-Brackman classification. Therefore, neuroelectromyography can provide a reference for diagnosis and treatment of peripheral facial paralysis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of web problem-based learning (WPBL) + case-based learning (CBL) combined with clinical pathways in dermatological nursing teaching.Methods:A total of 120 nurses who practiced in the dermatology department of The First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University from July 2018 to June 2020 were selected as the research objects. According to the nurse practice period, they were divided into a control group and a study group, with 60 people in each group. The control group used traditional teaching, and the study group used WPBL+CBL combined with clinical pathways for teaching. After the teaching, the two groups of practical nurses were assessed for their theoretical and clinical operational abilities, and the comprehensive abilities of the two groups of practical nurses and their satisfaction with teaching were assessed through questionnaire surveys. SPSS 22.0 was used for t test and χ2 test. Results:The theoretical and clinical performance assessment results of the study group were better than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001). The research group was better than the control group in assessment of improving clinical operation ability, independent problem-solving ability, cultivating teamwork ability, improving self-learning ability, improving ability of presenting and analyzing problems, improving comprehensive analysis ability, cultivating clinical thinking ability and comprehensive ability, with statistical significance ( P<0.001). The satisfaction rate of the trainee nurses in the study group was 93.33%, and the satisfaction rate of the trainee nurses in the control group was 31.67%, with statistically significant differences. Conclusion:WPBL+CBL combined with clinical pathways teaching can significantly improve the theoretical and clinical operation ability of dermatology practice nurses, and improve their comprehensive ability and clinical teaching satisfaction rate, which is worthy of application and promotion in clinical nursing teaching.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of multispectral fundus imaging (MSI) in central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).Methods:A diagnostic test study was conducted.Eighty-five eyes from 69 patients with macular diseases were enrolled in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from September 2017 to May 2018.There were 62 males (77 eyes) and 7 females (8 eyes) among the 69 patients with an average age of (48.0±11.2) years.The patients were divided into CSC group (45 cases, 61 eyes) and non-CSC group (24 cases, 24 eyes) according to whether suffering from CSC or not.Color fundus photography, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), indocyanine green angiography, spectral domain-optical coherence tomography and MSI were performed in the two groups and the images were collected.With FFA as the gold standard, the sensitivity, specificity, false positive rate, false negative rate, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of MSI in the diagnosis of CSC were calculated.Kappa consistency test was used to evaluate the consistency of MSI and FFA in diagnosing CSC, and to evaluate the diagnostic value of MSI in CSC.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University (No.WDRY2019-K037). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any medical examination.Results:The sensitivity, specicity, false positive rate, false negative rate, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of MSI for identifying CSC were 88.5%, 91.7%, 8.3%, 11.5%, 96.4% and 75.9%, respectively.The Kappa coefficient of agreement was 0.754.There was no significant difference in the identification of CSC between MSI and FFA ( χ2=1.780, P=0.180). Hyper-reflective signals corresponding to the leakage points were better detected with MSI images at 620-850 nm wavelength.The clear boundary of serous neuroepithelial detachment area was better detected with MSI images at 590-810 nm wavelength.The retinal pigment epithelium damage was better detected with MSI images at 660-850 nm wavelength. Conclusions:There is a good consistency between MSI and FFA.MSI can be an effective noninvasive inspection method for CSC.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908620

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the features of multicolor imaging in the macular region of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.Thirty-four acute CSC patients (34 eyes) treated in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from August 2017 to January 2018 were enrolled.Among the 34 subjects, there were 21 males (21 eyes) and 13 females (13 eyes). The subjects were 26 to 61 years old, with an average age of (37.41±9.35) years.The course of the disease was 5 to 45 days, with an average course of (12.00±2.29) days.All the subjects were examined by color fundus photography, fluorescein angiography (FFA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), multicolor imaging, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). The image features of each patient were compared and analyzed.The diagnostic accordance rate for leakage point and serous retinal neuroepithelial detachment of multicolor imaging and color fundus photography was calculated according to FFA/ICGA and OCT.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University (No.WDRY2019-K037).Results:The serous retinal detachment region showed green light reflection area with clear boundary in 33 eyes (97.06%) in the standard as well as blue and green enhanced multicolor image, with not clear boundary in 1 eye (2.94%). The serous retinal detachment region showed weakly reflective area in 17 eyes (50%) in blue reflectance image, showed weak reflection with clear boundary in 32 eyes (94.11%) in green reflectance image, showed weakly reflection with clear boundary in 33 eyes (97.06%) in infrared reflectance image.The fluorescein leakage point in FFA image was found micro retinal pigment epithelium detachment (PED) in 19 eyes (55.88%), rough light band of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in 12 eyes (35.29%), and large PED in 3 eyes (8.82%) in SD-OCT image.The RPE leakage showed red mottled changes in the area of neuroepithelial detachment in 29 eyes (85.29%) in the standard as well as blue and green enhanced multicolor images, presented strong reflection spots in blue reflectance images in 2 eyes (5.88%), showed strong reflective spots in green reflectance in 5 eyes (14.70%), showed strong reflection spot in the weakly reflective area in 33 eyes (97.06%) in infrared reflectance images.Taking FFA/ICGA and OCT as the gold standard, the diagnostic accordance rate of standard multicolor, blue and green enhanced multicolor and infrared reflectance images for serous retinal neuroepithelial detachment and leakage points was higher than that of color fundus photography, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:Standard multicolor, blue and green enhanced multicolor and infrared reflectance images can reflect the leakage point and retinal neuroepithelial detachment of acute CSC.Green reflectance image can show serous retinal neuroepithelial detachment of acute CSC.Multicolor imaging can be used as the auxiliary diagnosis method of acute CSC.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908559

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the peripheral retinal fluorescence characteristics of normal fundus on ultra-wide field fluorescein angiography (UWFA) images.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.Ninety-five patients (190 eyes) who underwent normal UWFA in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from July 2016 to January 2019 were enrolled.There were 94 (49.47%) male eyes and 96 (50.53%) female eyes.Among them, there were 72 (37.89%) mild cataract eyes, 60 (31.58%) moderate and low myopia eyes and 58 (30.53%) subjective blurred vision eyes.The peripheral retinal fluorescence characteristics were divided into vascular-associated feature or non-vascular feature according to whether the retinal vessel involved or not.The subjects were divided into ≤40 years old group and >40 years old group, and the differences in various features between the two groups were compared and analyzed.The study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University (No.WDRY2019-K037). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient prior to any examination.Results:Four non-vascular and five vascular-associated fluorescence features were found in normal peripheral retina.Non-vascular features contained glass hyperfluorescence in 158 (83.16%) eyes, far peripheral retina with mottled florescent band in 82 (43.16%) eyes, granular ground hyperfluorescence in 24 (12.63%) eyes and local mottled fluorescence in 21 (11.05%) eyes.Vascular-associated fluorescence features included peripheral avascular area in 92 (48.42%) eyes, vessels passing through the ora serrata in 66 (34.74%) eyes, microaneurysm in 60 (31.58%) eyes, slight leakage within 10 minutes after angiography in 56 (29.47%) eyes and angiotelectasis in 30 (15.79%) eyes.There were 19.61% (20/102) of eyes with peripheral retinal vessels passing through the ora serrata and 43.10% (44/102) of eyes with microaneurysm and 19.61% (20/102) of eyes with angiotelectasis in >40 years old group, and there were 52.27% (46/88), 18.23% (16/88) and 11.36% (10/88) correspondingly in ≤40 years old group, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=22.235, 10.451, 9.259; all at P<0.01). Conclusions:UWFA reveals four non-vascular and five vascular-associated fluorescence characteristics of normal fundus and age might be associated with the distribution of microaneurysm and angiotelectasis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907876

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of the combined applications of Omalizumab and subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) in improving clinical symptoms and immunotherapy tolerance in children with allergic asthma.Methods:A total of 9 children with asthma who received Omalizumab combined with SCIT in the Pediatrics Asthma Clinic of the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from July 2018 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.The symptoms of asthma, lung function, exhaled nitric oxide(FeNO), life quality scores, inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) dosage, comorbidities improvement, and adverse reactions during SCIT were analyzed and compared before and after the combined treatment.Results:After treatment, both the scores of children asthma control test/asthma control test (C-ACT/ACT) and pediatric asthma quality of life questionnaire (PAQLQ) improved in 9 patients with reduced or maintained doses of ICS.After treatment, comorbidities, including rhinitis and eczema, the scores of visual analogue scale (VAS) for rhinitis, pediatric rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire(PRQLQ) and scoring atopic dermatitis (SCORAD) were all improved.During SCIT, all children didn′t have systemic adverse reactions, and 4 children had 1 (2 cases), 3 (1 case), and 8 (1 case) local adverse reactions, respectively.The number of rapid local adverse reactions accounts for only 2.6% (3/116 times), and the number of delayed local adverse reactions occupies 8.6% (10/116 times). Among them, the number of local adverse reactions accounts for only 2.6 % (3/116 times), and the dia-meters of swelling or induration were more than 4 cm.Conclusions:The combined applications of anti-IgE therapy and SCIT can effectively improve the symptoms and quality of life, and reduce asthma exacerbations and dosage of ICS in children with asthma.It also has certain effects on the improvement of comorbidities.At the same time, the addition of anti-IgE therapy can enhance the tolerance and compliance of SCIT.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907740

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of moxifloxacin in children with severe Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (SMPP).Methods:The patients with SMPP in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of Beijing Children's Hospital between January 2017 and April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical data were collected to assess therapeutic efficacy, analyze drug safety and summarize positive rate of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae genes mutation.Results:Thirty-nine children diagnosed SMPP treated with moxifloxacin were included. The positive rate of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniaegenes mutation was 95.2%. In the 39 patients, 6 (15.4 %) were cured, 29 (74.4 %) were effective, 2 (5.1 %) were no response, 2 (5.1 %) were discharged automatically during treatment with moxifloxacin, and the overall response rate was 89.8 %. The situations of consciousness, skin, joint, heart rhythm and gastrointestinal function were carefully observed; Blood routine test, liver and kidney function were closely monitored. There were no adverse drug reactions in the period of medication. No children were discontinued due to adverse reactions.Conclusions:Moxifloxacin can improve efficacy and prognosis for pediatric patients with SMPP. There are no drug adverse reactions during treatment with moxifloxacin, indicating that short-term medication is safe. The application of quinolones in pediatric patients is off-label drug use, and clinical pharmacists should assist clinicians in reducing medical risks.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907300

ABSTRACT

Allergic diseases which affect children′s health and quality of life are common diseases.Many pediatric patients′ symptoms are uncontroled after routine treatments.Omalizumab, a highly specific and binding humanized monoclonal anti-IgE antibody, has been approved as an additional treatment for moderate to severe persistent asthma and chronic spontaneous urticaria now.At the same time, there are also data confirming its efficacy and safety in other allergic diseases.This review mainly summarizes the application of omalizumab in children with allergic diseases, and focuses on the evaluation system of clinical efficacy in various diseases.Meanwhile, it discusses how the potential biomarkers predict and evaluate clinical reactions.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2122-2128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886749

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To reevaluate the guidelines/cons ensus,systematic review/Meta-analysis of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)in the prevention of drug-induced gastrointestinal injury ,and to provide evidence-based reference for its clinical use. METHODS: The relevant guidelines/consensus and systematic review/Meta-analysis literatures at home and abroad were systematically reviewed ,and the re evaluation was carried out from the effectiveness ,safety and economy dimensions to analyze the current situation of clinical use of PPIs in the prevention of drug-induced gastrointestinal injury in adults and children. RESULTS : A total of 14 clinical guidelines/consensus and 10 systematic review/Meta-analysis literatures of PPIs for the prevention of drug-related gastrointestinal injury at home and abroad were sorted out and included. In terms of effectiveness ,PPIs could prevent various drug-related gastric mucosal damage ,gastrointestinal bleeding and other damage to the digestive tract ,but PPIs had not yet obtained the indication for children in China ;PPIs were widely used in the treatment of children ’s digestive tract diseases ,which belonged to off-label medication. In terms of safety ,the common adverse reactions of PPIs included headache ,gastrointestinal symptoms,etc. There may be risks of kidney disease and fracture during long-term application. In terms of economy ,for some patients with digestive tract and cardiovascular disease risk ,the economic benefit of NSAIDs combined with PPIs were higher ; esomeprazole 20 mg and 40 mg daily were equally effective in preventing ulcer recurrence caused by NSAIDs ,but increasing the dose could not improve the preventive effect. CONCLUSIONS :The preventive effect of PPIs on drug-induced gastrointestinal injury is supported by evidence-based evidence. It has good safety in adults and has certain economic benefits ;but it belongs to off-label drug use in children in China ,and the safety and economy still need to refer to the results of adult studies. In the future ,a number of multicenter prospective clinical studies based on Chinese pediatric population are still needed to provide more support for the prevention and treatment of drug-induced gastrointestinal injury by PPIs in children.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912407

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and preliminarily discuss the distribution characteristics of the non-perfusion area (NP) of the retina in different stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and its changes with the progression of DR.Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From October 2018 to December 2020, 118 cases of 175 eyes of DR patients diagnosed in Eye Center of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were included in the study. Among them, there were 64 males with 93 eyes and 54 females with 82 eyes; the average age was 56.61±8.99 years old. There were 95 eyes of non-proliferative DR (NPDR), of which 25, 47, and 23 eyes were mild, moderate, and severe; 80 eyes were proliferative DR (PDR). Ultra-wide-angle fluorescein fundus angiography was performed with the British Optos 200Tx imaging system, and the fundus image was divided into posterior, middle, and distal parts with Image J software, and the ischemic index (ISI) was calculated. The difference of the retina in different DR staging groups and the difference of ISI were compared in the same area. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the ISI between the different DR staging groups and the Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance was used for the pairwise comparison between the groups.Results:The ISI of the posterior pole of the eyes in the moderate NPDR group, severe NPDR group, and PDR group were significantly greater than that in the distal periphery, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=6.551, 3.540, 6.614; P=0.000, 0.002, 0.000). In severe NPDR group and PDR group, the ISI of the middle and peripheral parts of the eyes was significantly greater than that of the distal parts, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=3.027, 3.429; P=0.015, 0.004). In the moderate NPDR group, there was no significant difference in ISI between the peripheral and distal parts of the eye ( χ 2=2.597, P=0.057). The ISI of the posterior pole of the eyes in the moderate NPDR group and the PDR group was significantly greater than that in the middle periphery, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=3.955, 3.184; P=0.000, 0.009). In the severe NPDR group, there was no significant difference in ISI between the posterior pole and the middle periphery of the eye ( χ 2=0.514, P=1.000). Compared with the mild NPDR group and the moderate NPDR group, the ISI of the whole retina, posterior pole, middle and distal parts of the PDR group was larger, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=-7.064, -6.349,-6.999, -5.869, -6.695, -6.723, -3.459, -4.098; P=0.000, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000, 0.003, 0.000). Conclusion:The NP of the eyes with different DR stages is mainly distributed in the posterior pole and the middle periphery. The higher the severity of DR, the greater the NP in the posterior and middle periphery.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942739

ABSTRACT

Wireless technology has been widely used in medical devices and has brought convenience to medical care. However, wireless medical devices face risks such as data security and radio frequency interference. This study highlights safety and effectiveness evaluation of wireless medical devices, and discusses technical characteristics and regulation requirements, providing references for industry development and regulation.


Subject(s)
Computer Security , Wireless Technology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871697

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the imaging features of cystoid macular edema (CME) in multicolor imaging (MC),and to evaluate the value of MC in the diagnosis of CME.Methods Descriptive case series study.From August 2017 to June 2018,42 eyes of 37 patients with CME diagnosed in the people's Hospital of Wuhan University were included in the study.Among them,there were 24 males and 13 females,with an average age of 48.51 ± 10.29 years.There were 14 eyes with diabetic retinopathy,14 eyes with central retinal vein occlusion,8 eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion,4 eyes with uveitis,and 2 eyes with Eales disease.The macular color fundus photography (CFP) was performed with Visucam 200 non-mydriatic fundus camera of Zeiss company in Germany.MC,frequnce domainoptical OCT (SD-OCT) and FFA were examined by Spectralis HRA2 + OCT of Heidelberg company in Germany.According to the MC standard method,five images,including 488 nm blue reflection (BR),515 nm green reflection (GR),820 nm infrared reflection (IR) imaging and standard MC and blue-green enhancement (BG),were obtained at the same time.Compared with SD-OCT,CFP and MC images were scored.Friedman M test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used for statistical analysis.Results The standard MC and BG images showed blue-green uplift area or petal-shaped appearance,surrounded by green reflection areas with clear boundaries.BR image can be seen in the low reflexes area.On the GR image,there were patches or cystic low reflection areas,surrounded by a slightly high reflection.On the IR image,patches or cystoid high reflexes can be seen,surrounded by low reflection dark areas with clear boundaries.The average scores of CFP,standard MC,GB,IR,GR and BR were 1.20± 0.94,3.05± 0.99,2.90± 1.04,2.55± 1.27,2.00± 0.94,0.51 ± 0.85 respectively,and the differences were statistically significant (χ2=151.61,P=0.000).The score of CFP were significantly lower than that of standard MC (Z=-5.421),BG (Z=-5.354),IR (Z=-4.714),GR (Z=-4.438) and higher than that of BR (Z=-3.435).The differences were statistically significant (P=0.000,0.000,0.000,0.000,0.001).Conclusions The quality of MC imaging is better than that of CFP.Combined with SD-OCT,it can be used as an assistant method to diagnose CME.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 423-429, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868303

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of one-stop dynamic volume perfusion CT (dVPCT) in upper abdomen, and its feasibility of replacing conventional enhanced CT, perfusion, and angiography.Methods:A total of 94 patients with upper abdominal perfusion examinations were retrospectively enrolled in Deyang People's Hospital of Sichuan Province from April 2017 to June 2019. The data of another 64 patients underwent routine upper abdominal enhancement with 64-slice CT (28 patients) and dual-source CT (26 patients) were analyzed in the same period. The radiation dose and image quality were compared. According to different contrast agent concentration and dosage, 4 perfusion groups and 2 conventional enhanccement groups were divided, including 60 ml iohexol group (350 mg/ml) and 60 ml ultravist group (370 mg/ml), 60 ml and 80 ml iomeprol group (400 mg/ml), 64-slice routine group and dual-source CT routine group. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the liver, pancreas and abdominal aorta images in the arterial and portal vein phases were measured by two radiologists in a blinded way. Subjective image quality was evaluated by two radiologists using a 5-point Likert Scale in a blinded method. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance and kappa test. Imaging findings and typical cases of perfusion were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Radiation dose: the effective dose of each perfusion group was lower than that of the 64-slice spiral CT scan, but higher than that of the dual-source CT routine scan. The SNR and CNR of the 80 ml iomeprol dVPCT group were better than that of 64-slice spiral CT and dual-source CT routine scan ( P<0.05), and were better than that of 60 ml iohexol, ultravist and iomeprol dVPCT groups ( P<0.05). However, the subjective index was lower than that of the dual-source CT routine scan group ( P<0.05). The comprehensive information of multi-phase images, vascular images and perfusion quantitative parameters of volume perfusion data reconstruction in this group is superior to conventional enhanced CT in the detection of lesions, visualization of normal tissues and blood vessels. Conclusion:One-stop dVPCT imaging of the upper abdomen has lower radiation dose with good image quality and more diagnostic information. dVPCT with 80 ml Iomeprol (400 mg/ml) can obtain much better images.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865318

ABSTRACT

Ultra-wide field fluorescein angiography (UWFFA) is a new technique emerging in recent years.UWFFA can observe the fluorescence signs of wide areas of retina beyond the traditional 7-field of vision.UWFFA has obvious advantages in peripheral retina of vascular diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy (DR) , retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and familial exudative retinopathy.Traditional fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) has accumulated much experience in normal fluorescence and abnormal fluorescence, but little is known about the fluorescence characteristics of normal eye periphery.Periphery fluorescence performance is different from posterior pole and equator.It is necessary to consider the distribution of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) , pigmentation, vascular development and posterior vitreous cortex.At the same time, more attention should be paid to the influence of age and systemic metabolic diseases on some fluorescence.Light performance also needs dynamic whole-course analysis, combined with color fundus photography and anterior endoscopy analysis.Defining normal fluorescence of different parts of retina at different times is the premise of judging abnormal fluorescence.In clinic, it is necessary to carefully interpret the peripheral fluorescence signs of UWFFA, especially in diagnosis of vascular diseases, such as RVO and DR.It is essential to continuously accumulate experience in interpreting fluorescence signs of normal and abnormal peripheral retina, and further improve the application of UWFFA technology.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL