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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505408


Objective To evaluate clinical outcomes of treating displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures with Orthofix external fixation (EF) in comparison with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF).Methods Between February 2013 and December 2014,39 patients with 41 calcaneal fractures were treated operatively and fully followed up at our department.They were 27 men and 12 women,aged from 27 to 56 years(average,42.5 years).The left foot was affected in 15 cases and the right in 26.By the Sanders classification,there were 11 cases of type Ⅱ,22 ones of type Ⅲ and 8 ones of type Ⅳ.The 5 open fractures were Gustilo type Ⅰ (2 cases) and Gustilo type Ⅱ (3 cases).Of the 11 fractures complicated with soft tissue injury,4 were Tscherne-Oestern type Ⅰ and 7 Tscherne-Oestern type Ⅱ.The patients were divided into group EF (25 cases) and group ORIF (16 cases) according to the operation they had received.The 2 groups were compared in intraoperative indexes and follow-up radiological data.The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores for ankle and hindfoot were recorded at the final follow-up for every patient.Results The mean duration of surgery,intraoperative bleeding,time for hospitalization and bone healing in group EF were significantly less than in group ORIF (P < 0.05).There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in follow-up duration,AOFAS score,Bthler angle,Gissane angle,calcaneal axis,calcaneal horizontal length,tuberosity height,hillock calcaneal height,calcaneal width,or talar inclination angle (P > 0.05).According to the AOFAS scores at the final follow-ups,15 cases were rated as excellent,8 as good and 2 as fair in group EF while 10 were rated as excellent,5 as good and one as fair in group ORIF.Conclusions All types of calcaneal fracture can be treated using Orthofix external fixation which may lead to advantages of earlier surgery regardless of soft tissue condition,minimal invasiveness with less devascularization to the calcaneus and decreased risk of complications,and good clinical outcomes.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 528-533, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488655


Objective To compare the clinical effect of the treatment for calcaneal fracture by percutaneous reduction combined with Ilizarov stent and open reduction and internal fixation.Methods Data of 35 patients with closed calcaneal fractures from June 2012 to January 2014 were respectively analyzed.13 cases were fixed with poking reduction and Ilizarov support.Among them,there were 9 males and 4 females,aging from 20 to 51 years old (average,34.46± 10.21 years);Sanders type Ⅱ fractures in 2,type Ⅲ in 8 and type ⅣV in 3;Tscheme-Gotzen 2 degree of soft tissue injury in 9 and 3 degree in 4.22 cases were treated with open reduction and internal fixation.Among them,there were 15 males and 7 females,aging from 18 to 60 years old (average,33.59±12.07 years);Sanders type Ⅱ fractures in 3,type Ⅲ in 15,type ⅣV in 4;Tscheme-Gotzen 0 degree of soft tissue injury in 13 and 1 degree in 9.Results There was no significant difference in the anatomic parameters between the two groups before operation.Postoperative calcaneal B(o)hler angle of stent group (27.77°±2.86°) was less than that of the plate group (30.45°±3.45°),and Gissane angle of stent group (131.23°±3.92°) was larger than that of the plate group (127.82°±4.65°);axis angle of stent group (19.23°±2.20°) was less than that of the plate group (22.64°±5.14°);calcaneal width of stent group (33.61±3.43 mm) was less than plate group (36.05±3.26 mm),and the difference have statistical significance.The calcaneal length of the stent group (63.23±5.67 mm) was smaller than that in the plate group (63.59±4.58 mm),but there was no significant difference.The time from the injury to surgery in stent group (4.77±0.83 d) was less than that in the plate group (6.68± 1.84 d),the blood loss of stent group (45.00±6.04 ml) was significantly less than that of the plate group (292.95±43.66 ml).The fracture healing time of stent group (9.31± 1.38 week)was less than that of the steel plate group (9.82± 1.40 week),but there was no significant difference.About limb function American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score,7 cases in the stent group were excellent,3 cases good,1 cases fair,2 cases poor;and 9 cases of the plate group were excellent,7 cases good,3 cases fair,3 cases poor,there was no significant difference.Conclusion For the Sanders Ⅱ / Ⅲ type calcaneal fractures and Sanders type ⅣV patients associated with soft tissue damage which are not suitable for open reduction and internal fixation in short term,Ilizarov technique is a good option.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465230


200 papers on nerve root type cervical spondylosis treated with Chinese medicine were retrieved and 38 papers with complete diagnostic criteria and medical statistics were included for study. The results showed acupuncture, massage, and herbal therapy were three common methods and have their own advantage, but systemic, standardized and normative treatment program was lack. In the meantime of treating nerve root type cervical spondylosis, prevention should also be paid attention. The treatment, prevention and exercise on the whole therapeutic idea should be established, which has far-reaching significance.

Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 537-540, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416440


Objective To introduce the treatment of intraarticular calcaneal fractures with poor soft tissue using poking reduction combined with Ilizarov methods. Methods From September 2007 to September 2009,11 patients with the intraarticular calcaneal fractures were treated with poking reduction combined with Ilizarov methods,including 10 males and 1 female at average age of 33.6 years(range,21-50 years).Four patients had the left calcaneal fractures and seven with the right ones.According to Sander classification,there were seven patients with type II fractures,three with type III fractures and one with type IV fracture.The various extents of heel soft tissue injury were emerged in all the patients.Before operation,B(o)hler angle was 0°-12°(average 8°)and Gissane angle 70°-95°(average 80°).According to AO classification of close soft tissue injury,there were three patients with type IC2,six with type IC3,one with type IC5 and one with open soft tissue injury.The collapse of the articular surface was recovered by Steinmann pin which passed through the lateral calcaneal tubercle.The medial and lateral fracture fragments were corrected by using the tensed olive wires.The heighat and width were maintained by using the Ilizarov external fixation. Results The mean duration of follow-up was 13.3 months (range,6-20 months).All fractures were healed after mean duration for 8.1 weeks(range,7-10weeks).The postoperative B(o)hler angle was 20°-45°(average 33°)and Gissane angle 100°-118°(average 107°).According to Maryland Foot Score system,the result of postoperative function was excellent in seven patients,good in three and fair in one,with excellence rate of 91%. Conclusions For the intraarticular calcaneal fractures,the poking reduction combined with Ilizarov method is able to recover and maintain the normal calcaneal height and width and reduce postoperative wound infections and many other complications.specially for Sanders II or III with severe soft tissue injury in the open or closed calcaneal fractures.Master of surgical indications and operating poims can attain satisfactory clinical efficacy.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1192-1196, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385618


Objective To discuss the operative methods, timing and outcomes of severe open Pilon fractures. Methods From April 2003 to July 2008, 21 patients with open Pilon fractures were admitted. All the patients were type C fracture according to AO/OTA classification, including 17 cases of type C2 and 4 cases of type C3. According to Gustilo classification, there were 18 cases of type Ⅱ, 2 cases of type ⅢA, 1 case of type ⅢB. The patients were treated in two different ways: one-stage minimally invasive osteosynthesis for reconstruction of the articular surface with transarticular external fixation of the ankle (19 cases),which included 16 cases of Gustilo Ⅱ AO/OTA C2, 2 cases of type Gustilo Ⅱ AO/OTA C3 and 1 case of type Gustilo ⅢA AO/OTA C2. Formal open reconstruction of the articular surface by plating and external fixation was performed when the condition of soft tissue had improved (2 cases), which included 1 cases of type Gustilo ⅢA AO/OTA C3 and 1 cases of type Gustilo Ⅲ B AO/OTA C3. Results All the patients were followed up from 6 to 48 months, with the mean of 24 months. The outcome of reduction was evaluated by the Burwell-Charnley score. Anatomical reduction was found in 6 cases, function reduction was in 14 cases and poor reduction was 1 case. The heal-time ranged from 2.5 to 11 months, with the mean of 4.7 months. The delayed union occurred in 2 cases. The rate of delayed union was 9.5%. Two patients experienced skin superficial necrosis. There were superficial infection in 2 cases and deep infection in 1 case. The infection rate was 14.3%. Eight cases experienced early traumatic arthritis. The incidence of this complication was 38.1%.According to American Orthopedic Foot Ankle Society (AOFAS) scale for ankle joint, the result of the treatment was 66-94, with an average of 85.2. Conclusion It is important to have the optimal timing of surgery and reliable fixation according to fracture classification, the condition of soft tissue and time after injury. It is the key to evaluate the condition of soft tissue and protect the blood supply.