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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1172-1178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application effect of the blended teaching model of "pre-class synchronous small private online course (SPOC)+ flipped classroom+post-class knowledge expansion" in the theoretical teaching of biochemistry and molecular biology. Methods:A total of 951 students majoring in clinical medicine, preventive medicine, and pharmacy in the class of 2020 in Qiqihar Medical College were selected as teaching reform research group (experimental group), and their curriculum relied on the self-built massive open online course (MOOC) curriculum and the MOOC resources of Chinese universities to construct a blended teaching model; the reform methods such as small class grouping, case-based learning, and diversified examination were adopted to carry out theoretical flipped teaching activities with cross integration of cases and knowledge points as the main line. A total of 847 students majoring in clinical medicine, preventive medicine, and pharmacy in the class of 2019 were selected as control group, and the traditional teaching method was used for theoretical courses. The courses were evaluated by offline assessment and online assessment, and feedback information was collected through examination scores, questionnaire survey, and online voting. SPSS 20.0 was used for statistical analysis, and the t-test was used for comparison between groups. Results:The experimental group had a significantly higher total score of final examination than the control group [(92.12±3.88) vs. (86.73±5.27), P<0.05]. The questionnaire survey showed that the students in the experimental group showed a relatively high degree of satisfaction with the blended teaching reform, which increased their participation, experiencing, and sharing activities. The students majoring in clinical medicine in the class of 2020 believed that they had established clinical thinking ability (263, 92.61%) and become familiar with the clinical manifestations and pathogenesis of common diseases (262, 92.25%); the students majoring in preventive medicine in the class of 2020 believed that they had increased their awareness of serving the public (151, 93.21%) and developed the ability to teach and guide healthy living (148, 91.36%); the students majoring in pharmacy in the class of 2020 believed that they had mastered the mechanism of action of drugs for disease treatment (138, 93.24%) and understood the importance of rational drug use in clinical practice (135, 91.22%). Conclusion:The blended teaching model realizes student-centered teaching, stimulates the interest and initiative in learning, and improves learning outcome, thereby improving teaching quality to a certain extent.

2.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 71-76, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995529

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical data of Sun's procedure(total aortic arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk technique) in the treatment of complex aortic arch disease after previous cardiac surgery.Methods:From January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020, a total of 55 patients underwent resternotomy Sun's procedure in the Aortic Surgery Center of Beijing Anzhen Hospital, including 41 males and 14 females, with a mean age of(45.4±12.7) years old, were retrospectively analyzed. The indications of primary cardiac surgery included type A aortic dissection, aortic root or ascending aortic aneurysm, heart valve surgery, and coronary heart disease. Indications for reoperation included residual aortic dissection larger than 55 mm in diameter, aortic aneurysm dilation, new type A aortic dissection, anastomotic leakage with symptoms, and pseudoaneurysm. All the operations were performed under general anesthesia and median resternotomy, total aortic arch replacement with the stented elephant trunk implantation and were performed by anterograde unilateral or bilateral cerebral perfusion.Results:There was no intraoperative death, and the postoperative mortality was 9.1%(5/55). The causes of death were 2 cases of low cardiac output, 1 case of respiratory failure, 1 case of cerebral complications, and 1 case of gastrointestinal bleeding. Except death, there were 2 cases of postoperative cerebral complications(2/50, 4%), 5 cases of spinal cord injury(transient paraplegia)(5/50, 10%), the median duration of ventilator use was 17 hours(14-42 h). Other postoperative complications included respiratory insufficiency requiring ventilatory support longer than 48 hours(8/50, 16%), renal insufficiency requiring temporary dialysis(2/50, 4%). The follow-up time was(25.9±11.2) months(10-47 months), during which 1 case died due to cerebral complication, 4 cases underwent total thoracoabdominal aorta replacement, and 1 case underwent anastomotic leakage repair.Conclusion:It is safe and effec to perform Sun's procedure(total aortic arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk technique) in the treatment of complex arch disease after previous cardiac surgery.

3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 665-670, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940051

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the pathogenic cause in a foodborne diseases outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis in a company in Suzhou City, and provide evidence for epidemiological investigation and guidance for clinical treatment. MethodsRelevant specimens were examined for Salmonella, Shigella, Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Furthermore, for the isolated Salmonella enteritidis, a micro broth dilution method was used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing, and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used for molecular typing. ResultsA total of 44 strains of Salmonella enteritidis were detected from 43 anal swabs of the patients in the outbreak, 7 anal swabs of canteen employees, 31 retained food specimens and 6 environmental specimens. A total of 15 antimicrobial susceptibility testings showed that the 44 strains had the same antimicrobial resistance spectrum, which was 100% resistant to cefazolin, ampicillin, ampicillin/sulbactam, polymyxin E and nalidixic acid, suggesting a multi-drug resistance to more than three antibiotics. PFGE cluster analysis showed that the 44 strains had a 100% of genetic similarity. ConclusionThe outbreak is caused by the consumption of food contaminated with Salmonella enteritidis. The isolated strains have multi-drug resistance, which could guide appropriate antimicrobial treatment based on the antimicrobial susceptibility testing.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1914-1930, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888842

ABSTRACT

Overactive bladder (OAB) is the most bothersome symptom in lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Current pharmacologic treatment aims to inhibit detrusor contraction; however, shows unsatisfied efficacy and high discontinuation rate. LIM kinases (LIMKs) promote smooth muscle contraction in the prostate; however, their function in the bladder smooth muscle remains unclear. Here, we studied effects of the LIMK inhibitors on bladder smooth muscle contraction and proliferation both

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 979-983, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886545

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the optimal treatment scheme for the first primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) in young patients. Methods    The clinical data of 171 patients with the first PSP were retrospectively analyzed who were treated in Huaihe Hospital of Henan University between November 2011 and October 2017. There were 157 males and 14 females with a median age of 18 years at onset and a median body mass index of 18.51 kg/m2. According to the treatment methods, they were classified into two groups, a conservative treatment group (a non-surgical group, n=86) and a surgical group (n=85). The characteristics including clinical data, efficacy evaluation criteria, complications and recurrence of the two groups were analyzed. Results    As a result, 73.68% of the patients suffered PSP in their daily routine. The drainage duration in the non-surgical group was longer than that in the surgical group (4 d vs. 3 d, P=0.008). There was no statistical difference in the success rate of lung re-expansion between the two groups (98.85% vs. 100.00%, P=1.000). The proportion of the surgical group using postoperative analgesic drugs was higher than that in the non-surgical group (48.23% vs. 10.46%, P=0.000). The recurrence rate of the surgical group was lower than that of the non-surgical group (3.53% vs. 46.51%, P=0.000). No relationship between smoking and recurrence of pneumothorax was found in both groups (P=0.301, P=1.000). The success rate of lung re-expansion in the non-surgical group was not statistically different between the 24F subgroup and the 12F subgroup (39/39 vs. 33/34, P=0.458). No advantage of intraoperative pleural fixation was found in the surgical group (P=0.693). Conclusion    Thoracoscopic surgery is the first choice for the treatment of the first PSP in young patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 864-870, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the association between preoperative hemoglobin amount and incidence of lower limb deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with lower limb fracture.Methods:A retrospective study was performed of the 2, 482 patients with lower limb fracture who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University from July 2014 to August 2019. They were 1, 174 males and 1, 308 females with an age of (60.6±19.3) years. Recorded were the patients' age, gender, injury time, hemoglobin amount, D-dimer measurement, combined medical conditions, time and results of ultrasound vein examination on both lower extremities. According to the ultrasound results, the patients were divided into a thrombosis group and a thrombosis-free group. The 2 groups were compared in hemoglobin amount. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between preoperative hemoglobin amount and incidence of lower limb DVT. The patients were divided into 5 groups according to the quintile of hemoglobin amount; the incidences of thrombosis were compared between the 5 groups.Results:The total incidence of DVT in this cohort was 29.53%(733/2, 482). The hemoglobin amount in the thrombosis group was (116.57±19.24) g/L, significantly lower than that in the thrombosis-free group (124.76±19.79) g/L ( P<0.05). The preoperative hemoglobin amount was a risk factor for incidence of DVT after a lower limb fracture ( OR=0.985, 95% CI: 0.980 to 0.990, P<0.001). As the quintile level of hemoglobin increased, the incidence of DVT showed a downward trend. In comparison of the group with the highest DVT incidence (40.58%) and the group with the lowest DVT incidence (17.27%), the risk increased by 2.386 times (95% CI: 1.718 to 3.315). Conclusions:The preoperative hemoglobin amount can affect the DVT incidence after a lower limb fracture, and a low hemoglobin amount may more likely lead to lower limb DVT.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 669-673, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910024

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) with versus without B-ultrasound surface localization of the upper arm nerves in the treatment of fractures of the middle and upper humeral shaft.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 105 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Honghui Hospital for fractures of the middle and upper humeral shaft from August 2015 to May 2017. They were divided into 2 groups according to whether or not B-ultrasound surface localization of the upper arm nerves had been used in MIPPO. There were 52 cases in the B-ultrasound localization group and 53 cases in the simple MIPPO group. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture union time and complications. The shoulder joint functions were assessed at the last follow-up using the Neer shoulder joint function scoring.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). There were significant differences between the B-ultrasound localization group and the simple MIPPO group in operation time [(62.8±8.6) min versus (96.8±7.5) min], or intraoperative blood loss [(107.4±5.6) mL versus (215.4±7.2) mL]. Neer shoulder function scoring showed that the excellent and good rate in the B-ultrasound localization group [94.2% (49/52)] was significantly higher than that in the simple MIPPO group [81.1% (43/53)] ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In the MIPPO of fractures of the upper and middle humeral shaft, B-ultrasound surface localization of the upper arm nerves should be used as preoperative routines to reduce operation time and intraoperative blood loss to improve prognostic functions of the shoulder.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1090-1098, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909981

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of metaphyseal expansion and non-expansion when using proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA)in the treatment of severe osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 66 elderly patients with severe osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2019 to January 2020, including 49 males and 17 females. The age ranged from 75 to 89 years[(80.9±3.3)years]. The AO types of fractures were 31-A1 in 23 patients, 31-A2 in 22 and 31-A3 in 21. A total of 34 patients were stabilized by the PFNA technique with metaphyseal expansion(metaphyseal expansion group)and 32 patients received PFNA fixation without metaphyseal expansion(metaphyseal non-expansion group). The total blood loss, hidden blood loss, intraoperative blood loss, dominant blood loss, postoperative drainage, transfusion volume, transfusion rate, operation time, hospital stay and fracture healing time were compared between the two groups. The hip functional recovery was assessed by Harris hip score at 1, 3, 6 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up. The incidence of complications was observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-17 months[(13.5±1.1)months]. The total blood loss, hidden blood loss, intraoperative blood loss, dominant blood loss, postoperative drainage in metaphyseal expansion group were(976.3±210.1)ml,(712.4±224.4)ml,(139.4±21.0)ml,(263.8±36.3)ml,(124.4±29.5)ml respectively, significantly higher than those in metaphyseal non-expansion group[(799.0±119.5)ml,(603.0±136.4)ml,(94.1±18.8)ml,(195.9±35.4)ml,(101.9±27.5)ml]( P<0.05). The transfusion volume[2(0, 2)U]and transfusion rate[53%(18/34)]in metaphyseal expansion group ware increased compared to metaphyseal non-expansion group[0(0, 1.5)U, 25%(8/32)]( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in operation time, hospital stay, fracture healing time or hip Harris score at 1, 3, 6 months after surgery and the last follow-up between the two groups( P>0.05). No wedge-shaped distraction deformity, fracture nonunion, femoral head necrosis, wound infection, pulmonary embolism or fat embolism occurred in both groups. There was no significant difference in the incidence of iatrogenic lateral wall fracture, lower limb venous thrombosis or postoperative medical complications between the two groups( P>0.05). Conclusion:For elderly patients with severe osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture, both PFNA with metaphyseal expansion and non-expansion can achieve satisfactory results, while the metaphyseal non-expansion is superior in perioperative blood loss and transfusion rate.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 81-87, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences in incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after closed fracture of lower extremity between patients with different blood types ABO.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in the 1, 951 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedics Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University for lower extremity fractures from August 2014 to June 2018. They were 924 males and 1,027 females with a mean age of 63 (46, 78) years (range, from 16 to 102 years). Of them, 572 were type O, 564 type A, 609 type B and 206 type AB. Venous ultrasonography was performed on both lower extremities within 12 hours after admission. The incidences of DVT after fracture were compared between different blood types in all the patients, patients with proximal fracture of the knee, peri-knee fracture and distal fracture of the knee, and patients<60 years old and ≥60 years old.Results:The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 26.75% (153/572), 28.72% (162/564), 34.32% (209/609) and 29.61% (61/206) for patients with blood type O, type A, type B and type AB. The DVT incidence for type B was significantly higher than that for type O ( P< 0.008). The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 28.74% (98/341), 28.99% (100/345), 39.45% (144/365) and 30.97% (35/113) for blood type O, type A, type B and type AB in the patients with proximal fracture of the knee. The DVT incidence for blood type B was significantly higher than those for blood type O and blood type A ( P< 0.008). There were no significant differences in the DVT incidence between different blood types ABO in the patients with peri-knee fracture, distal fracture of the knee,<60 years old or ≥60 years old( P>0.05). The incidences of DVT were, respectively, 30.99% (97/313), 33.33% (108/324), 45.22% (156/345), 34.74% (33/95) for blood type O, type A, type B and type AB in the patients ≥60 years old. The DVT incidence for blood type B was significantly higher than those for blood type O and blood type A ( P< 0.008). Conclusions:The incidence of DVT varied with different blood types ABO after lower extremity fracture. The highest DVT incidence was found in patients with blood type B. The impact of blood type on the DVT incidence after lower extremity fracture was mainly observed in the patients with proximal fracture of the knee or an age of ≥ 60 years old.

10.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3667-3672, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847438

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Traditional open suture for the treatment of acute closed Achilles tendon rupture can significantly reduce the risk of gastrocnemius nerve injury and re-rupture of Achilles tendon, but this suture method can increase incision-related complications and result in tissue adhesion. Although the Krackow suture method is more powerful, it is difficult to perform minimally invasive surgery with small incisions, and excessive locks to strengthen the suture may affect the blood supply in the Achilles tendon. The percutaneous woven modified Kessler suture method is not only smooth, flat, and relatively strong, but also has strong tension. This is a minimally invasive method that can achieve good functional recovery of the Achilles tendon. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of percutaneous woven modified Kessler suture of a small medial incision of the Achilles tendon in the treatment of acute closed Achilles tendon rupture in comparison with the open suture method. METHODS: Clinical data of 72 patients with acute closed Achilles tendon rupture diagnosed at Department of Hand and Foot Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University between June 2015 and June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into open group and minimally invasive group of medial Achilles tendon (n=36 per group). The operation time, hospitalization time, blood loss, length of incision, wound healing, complications, and clinical efficacy were compared between the two groups. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University in China. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the open group, the minimally invasive group of medial Achilles tendon had shorter operation time and hospitalization time, less blood loss, and shorter incision length (P < 0.05). The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and Achilles tendon total rupture (ATRS) scores of the minimally invasive group of medial Achilles tendon were significantly higher than that of the open group at 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups in the ATRS score and the AOFAS score at 1 year after surgery (P 0.05). There was no significant difference in the excellent and good rate between the two groups at 1 year after surgery (P 0.05). The overall complication rate of the minimally invasive group of medial Achilles tendon was significantly lower than that of the open group (P < 0.05), and incision-related complications were confirmed to be the main postoperative complications. To conclude, compared with the open modified Kessler suture, percutaneous woven modified Kessler suture for the small medial incision of the Achilles tendon has some benefits, including simpler operation, lower price, more prominent perioperative index, lower incidence of postoperative incision-related complications, and better short-term efficacy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 530-534, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865825

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the rationality of the "Sandwich Principle teaching mode" adopted in our teaching of internal medicine and verify the necessity of its "Intergroup intersecting discussion".Methods:33 students majoring in traditional Chinese medicine were divided into control group (taught by standard process of sandwich principle) and experiment group (taught by simplified process of sandwich principle). The Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) was used to evaluate students' feelings toward the two teaching modes.Results:The total score of DREEM in the control group was higher than that in the experiment group, with statistically significant difference; the total score in the academic perception subscale in the control group was higher than that in the experiment group, among which the scores of "I have faith in passing the exam this year" and other 2 items were better than that in the experiment group, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05); there were no statistical difference in the total scores of other perception subscales between the two groups( P>0.05), but the scores of the 9 items including "the atmosphere is very harmonious in the clinical teaching process" in the control group were significantly better than those in the experiment group, with statistically significant difference( P<0.05). Conclusion:The teaching mode of Sandwich Principle can create a positive and effective learning environment for supporting students. "Intergroup intersecting discussion" can encourage students to actively participate in the teaching process, and help increase their academic confidence and sense of achievement in learning. It is also helpful to build a harmonious teacher-student relationship and create a relaxing and pleasant learning environment so that students can gain a better learning experience. Therefore, "Intergroup intersecting discussion" is indispensable in medical teaching.

12.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 500-504, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of of anti tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in adjuvant treatment of strangulated intestinal obstruction combined with ischemic intestinal necrosis.Methods:From February 2011 to August 2016 in Huadu District People′s Hospital Affiliated with Southern Medical University, 122 patients with strangulated intestinal obstruction combined with ischemic intestinal necrosis were selected and were equally divided into the experimental group and control group with 61 cases in each group according to the random draw envelope principle. Conventional surgical resection and anastomosis was used in control group, the postoperative anti TNF-α therapy was given for 2 weeks based on the treatment in control group.Results:All patients completed surgery and there were no serious complications during operation.The postoperative anal exhaust time and symptom remission time in experimental group were significantly lower than those in control group: (2.14 ± 0.41) d vs. (6.24 ± 1.28) d and (3.54 ± 0.77) d vs. (6.99 ± 0.91) d ( P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative 14 d complications such as anastomotic leakage, wound infection, anastomotic stenosis and pulmonary infection in the experimental group was 4.9%(3/61), and that of the control group was 18%(11/61), and the incidence of postoperative complications in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( P<0.05). The postoperative 1d and 7 d serum TNF-α content in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( P<0.05). The postoperative 14 d anal function in the experimental group was significantly better than that in the control group ( P<0.05). MRASP and MSP of postoperative 14 d in experimental group were all significantly higher than those in the control group: (80.24 ± 11.39) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. (76.24 ± 12.11) mmHg, (231.98 ± 45.29) mmHg vs. (226.39 ± 41.87) mmHg ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The anti TNF-α in adjuvant treatment of strangulated intestinal obstruction combined with ischemic intestinal necrosis can promote the recovery of clinical symptoms and inhibit the release of TNF-α. It also can reduce the incidence of postoperative complications and improve gastrointestinal motility of patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 910-913, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796398

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To report the effects of operative treatment of Sneppen Ⅴ talus fracture through the approach for malleolus medialis Ⅴ osteotomy plus hollow compression screw fixation.@*Methods@#From January 2015 to January 2019, 16 patients with Sneppen Ⅴ talus fracture were treated at Department Ⅱ of Hand & Foot Microsurgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital to Inner Mongolia Medical University. They were 14 men and 2 women with a mean age of 38.4 years (range, from 20 to 55 years). All fractures were fixed with hollow compression screws through the approach for malleolus medialis Ⅴ osteotomy. The ankle and hindfoot functional scoring system developed by American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) was used to evaluate the clinical outcomes.@*Results@#All patients were followed up for a mean time of 12.6 months (range, from 6 to 30 months). The mean operation time was 68.4 minutes (range, from 52 to 96 minutes); the mean amount of hemorrhage during operation was 96.8 mL (range, from 48 to 122 mL); the mean period of bone union was 4.8 months (range, from 3 to 8 months). The postoperative mean AOFAS score was 75.3 points (range, from 43 to 91 points). Complications occurred in 4 cases, including one case of talus ischemic necrosis, one case of partial talus ischemic necrosis accompanied by tibial arthritis, one case of subtalar arthritis, and one case of combined tibial, talar and subtalar arthritis. All incisions obtained primary healing, with no complications like infection, screw breakage, delayed union or nonunion.@*Conclusion@#Operative treatment of Sneppen Ⅴ talus fracture through the approach for malleolus medialis Ⅴ osteotomy plus hollow compression screw fixation can provide sufficient operative exposure to facilitate reduction and fixation of the talus fracture so that the ischemic necrosis of the talus and traumatic arthritis can be effectively reduced.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 910-913, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791286

ABSTRACT

Objective To report the effects of operative treatment of Sneppen Ⅴ talus fracture through the approach for malleolus medialis Ⅴ osteotomy plus hollow compression screw fixation.Methods From January 2015 to January 2019,16 patients with Sneppen Ⅴ talus fracture were treated at Department Ⅱ of Hand & Foot Microsurgery,The Second Affiliated Hospital to Inner Mongolia Medical University.They were 14 men and 2 women with a mean age of 38.4 years (range,from 20 to 55 years).All fractures were fixed with hollow compression screws through the approach for malleolus medialis Ⅴ osteotomy.The ankle and hindfoot functional scoring system developed by American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) was used to evaluate the clinical outcomes.Results All patients were followed up for a mean time of 12.6 months (range,from 6 to 30 months).The mean operation time was 68.4 minutes (range,from 52 to 96 minutes);the mean amount of hemorrhage during operation was 96.8 mL (range,from 48 to 122 mL);the mean period of bone union was 4.8 months (range,from 3 to 8 months).The postoperative mean AOFAS score was 75.3 points (range,from 43 to 91 points).Complications occurred in 4 cases,including one case of talus ischemic necrosis,one case of partial talus ischemic necrosis accompanied by tibial arthritis,one case of subtalar arthritis,and one case of combined tibial,talar and subtalar arthritis.All incisions obtained primary healing,with no complications like infection,screw breakage,delayed union or nonunion.Conclusion Operative treatment of Sneppen Ⅴ talus fracture through the approach for malleolus medialis Ⅴ osteotomy plus hollow compression screw fixation can provide sufficient operative exposure to facilitate reduction and fixation of the talus fracture so that the ischemic necrosis of the talus and traumatic arthritis can be effectively reduced.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 392-395, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819176

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influence of extracurricular physical exercise on psychological capital, psychological health and social adaptability of college students, and to provie the reference for promoting the development of their mental and physical health.@*Methods@#From March 2015 to March 2018, 300 students from Physical Education Institute of Baise University were selected and randomly divided into group A, group B and group C, with 100 students in each group. Group A received exercise prescription training, group B received contract exercise, group C didn’t receive exercise intervention. The scores of Self-reporting Inventory (SCL-90), Psy Cap Questionnaire (PCQ) and College Student Adaptability Inventory (CSAI) were compared among the three groups before intervention and 12 weeks after intervention.@*Results@#After intervention, total average scores of SCL-90 scale in group A and group B were (1.42±0.36) points and (1.40±0.31) points, significantly lower than (1.53±0.34) points in group C (P<0.05), and the score in dimension of somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, depression, terror, psychosis among group A and group B was significantly lower than that in group (P<0.05). Group B students had lower score in interpersonal relationship, anxiety and depression than that of group A students (P<0.05). After intervention, total average scores of PCQ scale in group A and group B were (3.11±0.56) points and (3.13±0.54) points, significantly higher than (2.10±0.47) points in group C (P<0.05). No significant differences were found between group A and group B (P>0.05). After intervention, average scores of CSAI in group A and group B were (4.02±0.69) points and (4.09±0.71) points, which were significantly higher than (2.30±0.62) points in group C (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed between group A and group B (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Sustained extracurricular physical exercise can significantly improve psychological capital and psychological health among college students, as well as developing social adaptability.

16.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 242-245, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693587

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the regulation of Yuping-Canger powder on allergic rhinitis in rats with immune function. Methods 80 female SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: respectively, model group, low dose group, high dose group and control group. 20 rats in each group. Used ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and stimulate to establish the rat model of allergic rhinitis, and low dose group, high dose group were given Yuping-Canger powder (0.24 g/kg and 0.71 g/kg) treatment, model group and control group were given normal saline, treatment for 7 days. The serum OVA specific IgE by ELISA (OVA-sIgE), IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-γ levels, spleen cells was detected by flow cytometry. Spleen cells detected by flow cytometry CD4+CD25+T cell ratio in liquid suspension. Results Compared with the control group, IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-γ, OVA-sIgE, CD4+CD25+T cells of model group, low dose group, high dose group increased significantly (P<0.05);compared with the model group, of IL-4, IL-10 and OVA-sIgE of low dose group, high dose group decreased, the proportion of CD4+CD25+T cells increased significantly (P<0.05); compared with the low dose group, IL-4, IL-10 and OVA-sIgE of high dose group decreased significantly, the proportion of CD4+CD25+T cells increased significantly (P<0.05).Conclusions The Yuping-Canger powder can inhibit Th2 cell responses and enhanced CD4+CD25+T cell activity play anti allergic effect, and thus play a role in the treatment of allergic rhinitis.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 397-401, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693252

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and compare the efficacy of surgery and conservative treatments for patients with critical(30 to 50 ml) spontaneous deep supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage. Methods The clinical data of 420 patients diagnosed as spontaneous deep supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage in Affiliated Hospital of Yan'an and Central Hospital of Baoji from August 2011 to September 2016 in this study were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into surgery group(210 cases) and conservative group(210 cases) according to the difference of treatment methods. Large trauma craniotomy was used by the operation group, external ventricular drainage as the standby in necessary. The treatment of conservative group mainly included reduction of intracranial pressure, blood pressure management, prevention of complications and other individualized treatment. The primary outcome was neurological functional status of patients at 6 months of discharging, and the secondary outcomes included the mortality at 1 month and 6 months of discharging, and complications. Continuous data were presented as (x)± s and were compared using the t test, while categorical data were presented as number and percentage and were compared using the χ2 test. Results No obvious difference on mRS score and NIHSS score occurred between two groups(All P>0.05). Stratified analysis, patients with midline shift >5 mm and with intraventricular hemorrhage were more likely to have a favorable outcome from surgery compared with conservative group(18.2% vs.8.1%, X =4.099, P=0.043; 17.3% vs.5.0%, χ2 =4.836, P=0.028). The mortality at 1 month days and 6 months in surgery group were significantly lower than that in conservative group(19.0% vs.31.0%, X2 =7.937, P=0.005; 23.8% vs.36.7%, X2=8.228, P=0.004). Meanwhile, the incidence of pulmonary infection and with long-term pipe in surgery group were significantly higher than those in conservative group(31.9% vs.15.7%, X2 =15. 173, P=0.000; 28.6% rs.19.5% =4.706, P=0.030). Conclusion Surgery can reduce the 1 month and 6 months mortality in patients with spontaneous deep supratentorial hemorrhage and improve the functional outcomes in patients with large midline shift or with intraventricular hemorrhage compared with conservative treatment.

18.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 683-687, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735024

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe neuropsychological development status in children after surgical treatment of congenital heart diseases(CHDs)and analyze the risk factors. Methods 89 children who received outpatient review in Fuwai Hospital from September 2015 to March 2016 after surgical treatment of CHDs were recruited in this study and 90 normal children were recruited as the control group. The children with CHDs were divided into simple CHDs group(RACHS- 1 score≤2)and com-plex CHDs group(RACHS- 1 score≥3)according to RACHS- 1 classification. Neuropsychological development status was meas-ured according to pediatric-psychological mental test scale developed by Capital institute of pediatrics,Beijing and statistical a-nalysis was compared. Results The measurements of neuropsychological development showed the normal children behaved better than the children with CHDs(P < 0. 05). The simple CHDs group achieved better distribution of development quotient than complex CHDs group(P = 0. 032)and there was no difference between the normal control group and simple CHDs group (P = 0. 420). Multivariate regression analysis indicated that younger age at cardiac surgery,lower preoperative blood urea ni-trogen(BUN),higher preoperative creatinine(Cr)and prolonged duration of cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB)accounted for low-er scores in the test scale(P < 0. 05). Conclusion Distinct neuropsychological difficulties could be present especially in chil-dren with complex CHDs. Younger age at cardiac surgery,preoperative BUN,Cr and CPB duration were perioperative factors that were associated with long-time neuropsychological development.

19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 664-675, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687749

ABSTRACT

Oligonucleotides are widely used as effective tools to regulate gene expression and drugs for targeted gene therapy. Therefore, they are potentially useful for the treatment of viral, tumor and hereditary diseases. Therapeutic oligonucleotides include antisense oligonucleotide, small interference RNA (siRNA), Ribozyme, DNAzyme, anti-gene, CpG, decoy and aptamer. Therapeutic oligonucleotides usually carry certain modifications, such as phosphorothioates, fluoro or locked nucleic acids, to enhance the stability and specificity, and reduce the side-effects, because natural oligonucleotides have poor stability in vivo, low specificity and side effects. Now oligonucleotides are usually manufactured by chemical synthesis, with low purity and high cost. Here, we review a novel thermocyclic reaction for the amplification of oligonucleotides, referred to as Polymerase-endonuclease Amplification Reaction (PEAR) catalyzed by two thermostable enzymes. PEAR is simple, efficient, and stable. Comparing with traditional chemical synthesis, PEAR-based enzymatic production of oligonucleotides could be a robust alternative method for the large-scale production of therapeutic or non-therapeutic oligonucleotides.

20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1147-1155, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687702

ABSTRACT

Urate oxidase (Uox), an enzyme catalyzing oxidation of uric acid to allantoin, is widely used as diagnostic reagents and for treatments of uarthritis and hyperuricemia diseases. In our study, a higher Uox producer, bacterial strain OUC-1, was isolated from soil samples. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain OUC-1 showed 99% identity to the homologous fragments of Bacillus fastidiosus. After purification, Uox showed the optimal pH and temperature was 10.0 and 40 °C. The Km value of Uox was (0.15±0.04) mmol/L (n=5) with uric acid as the substrate. Uox activity was enhanced by Mg²⁺, and seriously inhibited by Zn²⁺ and SDS. Then the uox gene of B. fastidiosus OUC-1 was amplified and sequenced. The 3D structures of Uox, predicted with SWISS-MODEL, showed a homotetramer structure with a subunit molecular weight of 35.38 kDa. Finally, the gene coding for the B. fastidiosus Uox was successfully cloned and heterologously expressed in E. coli, which provides theoretical basis and technical support for improvement of Uox in the future.

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