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China Pharmacy ; (12): 3655-3658, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503452


OBJECTIVE:To explore the efficacy and safety of probucol combined with butylphthalide in the treatment of pa-tients with acute cerebral infarction. METHODS:172 patients with acute cerebral infarction were randomly divided into observation group and control group,86 cases in each group. All patients received conventional treatment for acute cerebral infarction,includ-ing thrombolysis,anti-platelet aggregation,reducing intracranial pressure,nutritional support,intensive lipid-lowering within onset 4.5 h,timely treatment of the underlying diseases;based on it,control group received Probucol tablet,0.5 g every times,bid. Ob-servation group additionally received Butylphthalide and sodium chloride injection,100 ml every times,bid,in 9:00 and 17:00 ev-ery day,infusion within 50-90 min. Both groups lasted for 2 weeks. Lipid metabolic indexes,the changes of serum S100β,NSE and hs-CRP levels,NIHSS score,clinical efficacy before and after treatment,and the incidence of adverse reactions in 2 groups were observed. RESULTS:Compared with before treatment,triglyceride(TG),total cholesterol(TC)and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in 2 groups significantly decreased,high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level significantly increased, and TG,TC and LDL-C levels in observation group decreased more significantly,the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05). Serum S100β,NSE and hs-CRP levels and NIHSS scores in 2 groups significantly decreased,and NSE level NIHSS scores and in observation group decreased more significantly,the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The total effective rate in observation group was 89.5%,significantly higher than control group (62.8%),the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There were no obvious adverse reactions during treatment,and also no obvious liver and kidney function,blood coagula-tion and ECG changes. CONCLUSIONS:Probucol combined with butylphthalide can effectively improve the lipid metabolism and decrease serum NSE level in the treatment of patients with acute cerebral infarction,and plays positive role in early recovery of neu-rological function.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322047


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the functional role of protein kinase D1 (PKD1) in the activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signal pathway and NF-κB transcription mediated by Aspergillus fumigatus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A549 cells and HEK293 cells were transfected with green fluorescence protein (GFP) or GFP-PKD1 followed by treatment with 1×10(5) CFU/ml Aspergillus fumigatus conidia for different time lengths. The phosphorylation levels of PKD1, IκB and p65 (pS276) in the transfected cells were measured by Western blotting. A549 cells were transfected with GFP-PKD1 or siRNA-PKD1, and the phosphorylation of IκB and p65 (pS276) was examined. Finally, NF-κB-luc and renilla luciferase reporter pRL-SV40 were cotransfected into GFP- or GFP-PKD1-transfected A549 cells before exposure of the cells to Aspergillus fumigatus conidia for 24 h, and NF-κB transcriptional activity in the cells was determined using dual-luciferase reporter assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overexpression of PKD1 significantly increased Aspergillus fumigatus conidia-stimulated phosphorylation of PKD1, IκB and p65 (pS276), whereas PKD1 knockdown by siRNA-PKD1 suppressed IκB and p65 (pS276) phosphorylation. Dual luciferase assay demonstrated that PKD1 overexpression markedly enhanced Aspergillus fumigatus-induced NF-κB transcription in A549 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PKD1 may contribute to the activation of NF-κB signal pathway and NF-κB transcription induced by Aspergillus fumigatus.</p>

Aspergillus fumigatus , Cell Line, Tumor , HEK293 Cells , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Protein Kinase C , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , Transcription, Genetic , Transfection