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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(6): e8885, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132519

ABSTRACT

In this study, we aimed to analyze the anti-cancer effects of β-elemene combined with paclitaxel for ovarian cancer. RT-qPCR, MTT assay, western blot, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemistry were used to analyze in vitro and in vivo anti-cancer effects of combined treatment of β-elemene and paclitaxel. The in vitro results showed that β-elemene+paclitaxel treatment markedly inhibited ovarian cancer cell growth, migration, and invasion compared to either paclitaxel or β-elemene treatment alone. Results demonstrated that β-elemene+paclitaxel induced apoptosis of SKOV3 cells, down-regulated anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl gene expression and up-regulated pro-apoptotic P53 and Apaf1 gene expression in SKOV3 cells. Administration of β-elemene+paclitaxel arrested SKOV3 cell cycle at S phase and down-regulated CDK1, cyclin-B1, and P27 gene expression and apoptotic-related resistant gene expression of MDR1, LRP, and TS in SKOV3 cells. In vivo experiments showed that treatment with β-elemene+paclitaxel significantly inhibited ovarian tumor growth and prolonged the overall survival of SKOV3-bearing mice. In addition, the treatment inhibited phosphorylated STAT3 and NF-κB expression in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, it inhibited migration and invasion through down-regulation of the STAT-NF-κB signaling pathway in SKOV3 cells. In conclusion, the data suggested that β-elemene+paclitaxel can inhibit ovarian cancer growth via down-regulation of the STAT3-NF-κB signaling pathway, which may be a potential therapeutic strategy for ovarian cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Sesquiterpenes/administration & dosage , Cell Movement/drug effects , NF-kappa B/adverse effects , Paclitaxel/administration & dosage , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Transfection , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mice, Inbred BALB C
2.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 5-8, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799215

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical effect of cervical conization under cervical endoscopy in high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN).@*Methods@#From June 2017 to June 2019, 100 patients with grade II and III CIN admitted to Harbin First Hospital were divided into control group and observation group with 50 cases in each group by random number table method.The control group was treated with traditional cervical cold knife conization, while the observation group was treated with cervical conization under endoscopy.To compare the therapeutic effects of two surgical methods.@*Results@#The incidence of positive margin were significantly lower than that in the control group(8%(4/50) and 18%(9/50)), and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=4.98, P<0.05). The postoperative follow up was proceed one year.The incidence of cure were significantly higher than that in the control group(96%(48/50)vs.84%(40/50)), and the residual rate and recurrence rate were lower than that of the control group(6%(3/50) and 14%(7/50), 2%(1/50)and 8%(4/50)), the difference was statistically significant (χ2=10.56, 3.98, 13.96, all P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [6% (3/50) and 18% (9/50)], the difference was statistically significant (χ2=11.25, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in bleeding volume, operation time and wound healing time between the two groups (t value was 1.46, 1.26 and 0.98 respectively, all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The cervical conization through cervical canal endoscope can accurately locate the focus of high-grade CIN, with higher rate of lesion clearance, lower rate of lesion recurrence and complications.

3.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 5-8, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of cervical conization under cervical endoscopy in high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN).Methods:From June 2017 to June 2019, 100 patients with grade II and III CIN admitted to Harbin First Hospital were divided into control group and observation group with 50 cases in each group by random number table method.The control group was treated with traditional cervical cold knife conization, while the observation group was treated with cervical conization under endoscopy.To compare the therapeutic effects of two surgical methods.Results:The incidence of positive margin were significantly lower than that in the control group(8%(4/50) and 18%(9/50)), and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=4.98, P<0.05). The postoperative follow up was proceed one year.The incidence of cure were significantly higher than that in the control group(96%(48/50)vs.84%(40/50)), and the residual rate and recurrence rate were lower than that of the control group(6%(3/50) and 14%(7/50), 2%(1/50)and 8%(4/50)), the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=10.56, 3.98, 13.96, all P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [6% (3/50) and 18% (9/50)], the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=11.25, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in bleeding volume, operation time and wound healing time between the two groups ( t value was 1.46, 1.26 and 0.98 respectively, all P>0.05). Conclusion:The cervical conization through cervical canal endoscope can accurately locate the focus of high-grade CIN, with higher rate of lesion clearance, lower rate of lesion recurrence and complications.

4.
China Oncology ; (12)1998.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-548595

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:Cervical conization, including high frequency loop electrosurgical excision procedure(LEEP) has been widely used in the treatment of cervical diseases, but how to deal with the patients with pathological positive margin is a problem for clinicians.The purpose of this study was to discuss the option of adjuvant treatment after cervical conization with positive margins for patients with cervical neoplasm.Methods:The data of 528 patients who had cervical conization from 1998 to 2008 was reviewed, among which 54 patients with pathological positive margin was retreated and analyzed.Results:Fifty-four patients were divided into observation group and treatment group, 17 cases were in observation group and 37 cases in treatmeat proup.The recurrence / duration / progress rate was 17.6%(3/17), in treatment group it was 2.7%(1/37) in observation.CINⅠ-Ⅱ positive margins in both group had no recurrence;among 14 patients with CINⅢ, 1 lesion persisted, and 1 progressed to cervical squamous cell carcinoma, none in treatment group was recurrent;For those 10 patients with micro-invasive margin-positive cases, 1 progressed to squamous cell carcinoma, the remaining 9 cases were followed up for 26 months without recurrence after operation.One case in invasive cancer group had recurrence.Conclusion:The patients with CINⅢ margin-positive patients after conization should receive individualized treatment.The patient with microinvasive carcinoma should be retreated with either re-conization or hysterectomy;if with margin-positive CINⅢ after conization, or re-conization or directly treated according to guideline addressing for ⅠB, if margin showed microinvasive carcinoma.The patients with margin-positive invasive carcinoma after conization should be treated according to guideline.

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