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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 1-9, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005227

ABSTRACT

With persistent progress in donor-recipient evaluation criteria, organ procurement and preservation regimens and surgical techniques, the incidence of vascular complication after kidney transplantation has been declined, whereas it is still one of the most severe surgical complications of kidney transplantation, which may lead to graft loss and recipient death, and seriously affect the efficacy of kidney transplantation. Therefore, the occurrence, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment strategies of common vascular complications after kidney transplantation, including vascular stenosis, arterial dissection, pseudoaneurysm, vascular rupture and thrombosis were reviewed in this article. In combination with the incidence, diagnosis and treatment of vascular complications after kidney transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, diagnosis and treatment strategies for common vascular complications after kidney transplantation were summarized, aiming to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment of vascular complications after kidney transplantation, lower the incidence of vascular complications, and improve clinical efficacy of kidney transplantation and survival rate of recipients.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 83-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959024

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify M1 macrophage-related genes in rejection after kidney transplantation and construct a risk prediction model for renal allograft survival. Methods GSE36059 and GSE21374 datasets after kidney transplantation were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. GSE36059 dataset included the samples from the recipients with rejection and stable allografts. Using this dataset, weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and differential analysis were conducted to screen the M1 macrophage-related differentially expressed gene (M1-DEG). Then, GSE21374 dataset (including the follow-up data of graft loss) was divided into the training set and validation set according to a ratio of 7∶3. In the training set, a multivariate Cox's model was constructed using the variables screened by least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), and the ability of this model to predict allograft survival was evaluated. CIBERSORT was employed to analyze the differences of infiltrated immune cells between the high-risk group and low-risk group, and the distribution of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-related genes was analyzed between two groups. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to further clarify the biological process and pathway enrichment in the high-risk group. Finally, the database was employed to predict the microRNA (miRNA) interacting with the prognostic genes. Results In the GSE36059 dataset, 14 M1-DEG were screened. In the GSE21374 dataset, Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8), Fc gamma receptor 1B (FCGR1B), BCL2 related protein A1 (BCL2A1), cathepsin S (CTSS), guanylate binding protein 2(GBP2) and caspase recruitment domain family member 16 (CARD16) were screened by LASSO-Cox regression analysis, and a multivariate Cox's model was constructed based on these 6 M1-DEG. The area under curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic of this model for predicting the 1- and 3-year graft survival was 0.918 and 0.877 in the training set, and 0.765 and 0.736 in the validation set, respectively. Immune cell infiltration analysis showed that the infiltration of rest and activated CD4+ memory T cells, γδT cells and M1 macrophages were increased in the high-risk group (all P < 0.05). The expression level of HLA I gene was up-regulated in the high-risk group. GSEA analysis suggested that immune response and graft rejection were enriched in the high-risk group. CTSS interacted with 8 miRNA, BCL2A1 and GBP2 interacted with 3 miRNA, and FCGR1B interacted with 1 miRNA. Conclusions The prognostic risk model based on 6 M1-DEG has high performance in predicting graft survival, which may provide evidence for early interventions for high-risk recipients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 298-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of ceftazidime/avibactam(CZA)plus aztreonam(ATM)for New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase(NDM)carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae(CRKP)infection after kidney transplantation.Methods:Clinical data are retrospectively reviewed for 11 RT recipients infected with NDM metallo-β-lactamase CRKP admitted into First Affiliated Hospital of Xi 'an Jiaotong University and Affiliated Renji Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University from November 2018 to December 2019.Based upon treatment protocol, they are divided into two groups of ceftazidime/avibactam plus aztreonam(CZA-ATM, 5 cases)and other effective antibiotics(OAA, 6 cases).Age, gender, infection type, drug resistance gene, changes in body temperature and leucocyte count, treatment course and prognosis are summarized.Results:A total of 11 patients with NDM-producing CRKP infection after RT are recruited.There are seven males and four females with an age range of(19~66)(38.9±14.4)years.There are mixed pulmonary and urinary tract infections(3 cases), urinary tract infection(2 cases), pulmonary infection(1 case)and perirenal infection(5 cases).All isolates harbore NDM carbapenemase gene, 5 isolates carry Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase(KPC)gene and 1 isolate contained both imipenemase metallo-β-lactamase(IMP)and verona integron-encoded metallo-β-lactamase(VIM)gene concurrently.Ceftazidime-avibactam plus aztreonam(CZA-ATM)is prescribed in five patients while the remainders receive OAA.No adverse reactions occurred in individuals on CZA-ATM and 2 cases on OAA have adverse reactions with a poor appetite and diarrhea.After 30-day infection, the curative cases of CZA-ATM and OAAs groups reach 4 and 5 respectively.No death occurred in neither groups at Day 30.And 90-day mortality is 0 and 1 respectively.Conclusions:For RT patients infected with NDM-producing CRKP, CZA-ATM combination therapy may be another effective treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1061-1073, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927763

ABSTRACT

In recent years, two novel proteins in the ribosomes of mycobacteria have been discovered by cryo-electron microscopy. The protein bS22 is located near the decoding center of the 30S subunit, and the protein bL37 is located near the peptidyl transferase center of the 50S subunit. Since these two proteins bind to conserved regions of the ribosome targeted by antibiotics, it is speculated that they might affect the binding of related drugs to these targets. Therefore, we knocked out the genes encoding these two proteins in wild-type Mycolicibacterium smegmatis mc2155 through homologous recombination, and then determined the growth curves of these mutants and their sensitivity to related antibiotics. The results showed that compared with the wild-type strain, the growth rate of these two mutants did not change significantly. However, mutant ΔbS22 showed increased sensitivity to capreomycin, kanamycin, amikacin, streptomycin, gentamicin, paromomycin, and hygromycin B, while mutant ΔbL37 showed increased sensitivity to linezolid. These changes in antibiotics sensitivity were restored by gene complementation. This study hints at the possibility of using ribosomal proteins bS22 and bL37 as targets for drug design.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Cryoelectron Microscopy , Mycobacterium/genetics , Ribosomal Proteins/genetics , Ribosomes/metabolism
5.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 321-327, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the temporal distribution of high level of BK virus(BKV) viruria after kidney transplantation(KT)and the association of high level of viruria with clinical factors and specific human leukocyte antigen(HLA)sites in donors and recipients.Methods:From January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 212 recipients of cadaveric KT.A high level of urinary BKV viruria was defined as urinary BKV-DNA quantification>10 7(copies/ml)after KT while 212 recipients with the same gender composition below the threshold during the same period were selected as low-level controls.Clinical data and HLA sites of two groups were statistically analyzed and risk factors for high level of viruria screened by univariate and multifactorial Logistic regressions. Results:The median time to initial high-level BKV infection in urine after RT was 125.5 days.Based upon univariate Logistic analysis, delayed graft function(DGF)and HLA-A24 of recipient were risk factors for high-level BKV infection in urine while HLA-DQ9 of donor acted as a protective factor.Through multivariate Logistic analysis, DGF( OR=2.18, 95% CI 1.18~4.01, P=0.012)and HLA-A24( OR=1.63, 95% CI 1.06~2.53, P=0.027)of recipient were independent risk factors for high-level BKV infection in urine.And HLA-DQ9 of donors( OR=0.58, 95% CI 0.36~0.91, P=0.019)was an independent protective factor. Conclusions:High level of BKV viruria after RT is associated with donor/recipient-specific HLA sites.Early risk factor stratification and protective factors of recipients can aid in tailoring postoperative immunosuppression and screening program and developing T cell-associated vaccines.

6.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 743-748, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994625

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish risk stratifying criteria for acute rejection(AR)after kidney transplantation(KT)through analyzing the preoperative risk factors of KT recipients from deceased donor(DD).Methods:A retrospective study is conducted for 1 382 KT recipients of DD kidney at First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2020.According to the presence or absence of AR within 1 year post-KT, they are divided into two groups of acute rejection(group AR, 115 cases)and non-rejection(group non-AR, 1 267 cases). Clinical data of two groups are examined by univariate and multivariate analyses for determining the risk factors of AR and a scoring standard is established on the basis of regression coefficients.They are divided into three groups of low-risk(907 cases), middle-risk(450 cases)and high-risk(25 cases)according to the scoring results and the incidence of AR is compared among different scoring groups.Results:Univariate analysis indicates that donor age(AR, 793 cases; non-AR, 474 cases, P=0.033), age difference between recipients and donors≥25 years(AR, 63 cases; non-AR; 315 cases; P<0.001), recipient panel-reactive antibodies(PRA)plus donor-specific antibody(DSA)(+ )(AR, 96 cases; non-AR, 1 169 cases, P=0.002), donor kidney cold ischemic time≥12h(AR, 81 cases; non-AR, 1 064 cases, P<0.001), donor/recipient HLA mismatch≥3(AR, 70 cases; non-AR, 984 cases, P<0.001)and expanded criteria donor(ECD)(AR, 50 cases; non-AR, 790 cases, P<0.001)are high risk factors for AR(all P<0.05). Variables with statistical significance during univariate analysis are included for multivariate analysis.Five variables are finally determined, including age difference between recipients and donors≥25 years(β=0.61, P=0.006), PRA+ DSA(+ )(β=0.74, P=0.008), donor kidney cold ischemic time≥12 h(β=0.74, P<0.001), HLA mismatch(≥3)(β=0.81, P<0.001)and ECD(β=0.82, P<0.001). Score for each risk factor is calculated according to the relevant regression coefficient and scoring standard formulate on the basis of the above five risk factors with a total score of 36.With an overall incidence of AR at 8.32%(115/1 382), the incidence of AR is 4.3%, 14.7% and 40.0% in low/middle/high-risk group and the difference is statistically significant.It hints that immune risk stratification can effectively determine the risk of postoperative AR for KT recipients.The incidence of AR is significantly higher in middle/high-risk group than that in low-risk group ( P<0.001). Conclusions:For recipients with middle/high immune risk, intensity and dose of immunosuppressants should be appropriately boosted during preoperative induction and maintenance period.And the occurrences of AR and infection should be dynamically monitored.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 495-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934771

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of basiliximab (BAS) and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in immune induction therapy in kidney transplantation by systematic review and Meta-analysis. Methods Prospective randomized controlled clinical trials screening and comparing BAS and ATG in immune induction therapy in kidney transplantation were systematically searched from global databases, screened and compared. The quality of clinical trials was evaluated by Jadad scoring system and data extraction was performed. The effects of BAS and ATG on the incidence of acute rejection, survival rate of kidney allografts, survival rate of recipients, incidence of delayed graft function, infection, cytomegalovirus infection, malignant tumor, leukopenia and thrombocytopenia at 1 year after kidney transplantation were analyzed. Results A total of 10 clinical trials in English consisting of 1 721 kidney transplant recipients were searched, including 883 cases in the ATG group and 838 cases in the BAS group. No significant differences were observed in the incidence of acute rejection, survival rate of kidney allografts, survival rate of recipients, incidence of delayed graft function, infection, cytomegalovirus infection and thrombocytopenia at postoperative 1 year between the ATG and BAS groups (all P > 0.05). The incidence of malignant tumor and leukopenia at postoperative 1 year in the ATG group were significantly higher than those in the BAS group (both P < 0.05). Conclusions The use of ATG and BAS for immune induction therapy in kidney transplantation yield equivalent efficacy at postoperative 1 year, but BAS is safer than ATG. Clinical trials related to stratified analyses of immune risk are urgently required to achieve individualized precision treatment.

8.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 211-214, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of treating external iliac artery dissection in renal transplantation by artificial vascular replacement.Methods:Four sudden intraoperative cases of external iliac artery dissection were selected.After removing vascular sutures, intimal arterial peeling blocked external iliac artery( n=3)and transplanted renal artery( n=1). Artificial vascular replacement of external iliac artery was performed using artificial vessels made from puffed polytetrafluoride ethylene(ePTFE). Secondary perfusion was performed in four transplanted kidneys for anastomosing with internal iliac artery. Results:One patient regained normal renal function within 1 week post-operation.Two cases had delayed graft function.Another case had delayed graft function plus acute rejection.After hemodialysis, renal function normalized at 2-3 weeks post-operation.During a follow-up period of(0.5-5.0)years, transplanted kidney function remained stable, blood supply, skin temperature and movement of operated lower extremities normalized.Conclusions:The incidence of vascular dissection of external iliac artery is not high during renal transplantation.However, the disease has a rapid and dangerous progression.The consequences of delayed intervention are quite serious.Treating external iliac artery dissection with renal transplantation may achieve satisfactory clinical outcomes.

9.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 67-73, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933664

ABSTRACT

As novel coronavirus infection has become a major public health problem affecting human health, vaccination is the most effective means of preventing novel coronavirus infection.Therefore, besides implementing regular epidemic prevention and control, it has become the consensus of international community for effective prevention and control of novel coronavirus infection through accelerating the speed of novel coronavirus vaccination, expanding the scope of vaccination and improving public vaccination rate.Kidney transplant recipients are at an elevated risk of novel coronavirus infection.This population has been in a low immune state for a long time.Thus there are problems such as reduced immunogenicity of COVID-19 vaccine, selection and use of vaccine and breakthrough of infection.Based upon the published international and domestic data, this paper serves as a practical reference for clinicians and healthcare workers to provide consultations to kidney transplant recipients about the administration of novel coronavirus vaccine.

10.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 513-517, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic utility of LifePort perfusion parameters plus perfusate biomarkers for predicting delayed graft function(DGF)and recovery time during deceased donor kidney transplantation(KT).Methods:From January 1, 2019 to August 31, 2019, retrospective analysis was performed for clinical data of 113 KT recipients. Based upon whether or not DGF occurred within 3 months, they were divided into two groups of DGF group(20 cases)and non-DGF (93 cases). Two groups were compared using LifePort perfusion parameters, biomarker concentrations, incidence of DGF and kidney recovery time. Statistical analysis was performed.Results:The incidence of DGF was 17.7%(20/113); Multivariate Logistic regression results indicated that terminal resistance(OR 1.879, 95% CI 1.145~3.56)and glutathione S-transferase(GST)(OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.23~2.46)were independent risk factors for DGF; Cox hazard model revealed that terminal resistance was a risk factor for recovery time of renal function(HR=0.823, 95% CI 0.735~0.981). The model combining terminal resistance and GST(AUC=0.888, 95% CI 0.842~0.933)significantly improved the predictive efficacy for DGF as compared with using terminal resistance(AUC=0.756, 95% CI 0.693~0.818)or GST alone(AUC=0.729, 95% CI 0.591~0.806).Conclusions:Combining LifePort perfusion parameters and fluid biomarkers can improve the predictive utility of DGF.

11.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 336-339, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical data of acute rejection in kidney transplant recipients of different ages with elderly donor kidneys.Methods:During January 2012 and June 2020, a retrospective review was conducted for clinical data of 298 recipients undergoing kidney transplantation from elderly donors aged ≥60 years after citizen's death.According to the age, recipients were divided into group A(age<30 yr, 59 cases), group B(30~39 yr, 125 cases), group C(40~49 yr, 83 cases)and group D(age≥50 yr, 31 cases). The incidence of acute rejection(AR)was analyzed.Also based upon age difference between donors and recipients, they were divided into two groups of(30~39 yr)and (40~49 yr)and the occurrence of AR was recorded.Results:The incidence of AR within 1 year post-transplantation in groups A, B, C, and D were 15.3%(9/59), 8.8%(11/125), 7.2%(6/83) and 3.2%(1/31)respectively.The incidence of AR in age difference≥25 yr group(12.5%)and age difference <25 yr group(5.3%) had significant difference( P<0.05). The proportion and absolute value of peripheral blood lymphocytes in each group at 1 week/month post-transplantation had significant difference( P<0.05). No significant difference was observed in serum level of creatinine(SCr), the incidence of pulmonary infection and urinary tract infection or the survival rate of recipients and transplanted kidneys in each group within 1 year post-transplantation among four groups( P>0.05). Conclusions:Elderly donor kidneys can obtain better transplant outcomes in kidney transplant recipients of different ages.As the age of recipients decreases, AR shows an upward trend.Clinicians should pay more attention to the prevention and treatment of AR in recipients with large age difference between donors and recipients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 260-264, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911648

ABSTRACT

Objective:Discuss the etiological characteristics of pulmonary infection after renal transplantation and the diagnostic value of metagenomics nextgeneration sequencing (mNGS) technique.Methods:A total of 40 patients with pulmonary infection who were admitted to the Department of Renal Transplantation of the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January, 2018 to January, 2021 were selected, and identification of pathogens through routine pathogen detection methods and mNGS. The routine pathogen detection methods included: blood culture, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and sputum culture and smear staining, lung histopathology, antigen detection and PCR, etc. BALF were used to search for pathogens by mNGS. Combined with the results of the two groups to give accurate anti-infection treatment, the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Eventually 36 patients were cured and discharged, and 4 patients deaths. In 40 cases of pulmonary infection, the BALF mNGS pathogens detection of BALF was positive in 37 cases and negative in 3 patients, with a detection sensitivity of 92.5%. In addition, there were 15 cases of single pulmonary infection and 22 cases of mixed pulmonary infection, including 8 cases of bacterial infection, 9 cases of viral infection and 20 cases of fungal infection, among which pneumocystis (20/40, 50%) and cytomegalovirus (10/40, 25%) were the most common. In contrast, the positive rate of pathogens by routine detection were only 30% (12/40), and the difference between the two detection methods was statistically significant ( χ2=32.92, P<0.05). The diagnostic rates of mixed pulmonary infection were 55% and 10% respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=18.46, P<0.05), the single type pulmonary infection was 30% and 20% respectively, the difference was not statistically significant( χ2=2.99, P>0.05). Conclusions:mNGS has more advantages than routine pathogen detection methods in terms of pathogen species and distribution, detection time, sensitivity, mixed infection diagnosis rate and benefit. Using mNGS can be more efficient to find pathogens of pulmonary infection after renal transplantation, take accurate treatment, reduce costs, and improve cure rate, such as worth wide application..

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 181-186, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921253

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Delayed graft function (DGF) is the main cause of renal function failure after kidney transplantation. This study aims at investigating the value of hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) parameters combined with perfusate biomarkers on predicting DGF and the time of renal function recovery after deceased donor (DD) kidney transplantation.@*METHODS@#HMP parameters, perfusate biomarkers and baseline characteristics of 113 DD kidney transplantations from January 1, 2019 to August 31, 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University were retrospectively analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#In this study, the DGF incidence was 17.7% (20/113); The multivariate logistic regression results showed that terminal resistance (OR: 1.879, 95% CI 1.145-3.56) and glutathione S-transferase (GST)(OR = 1.62, 95% CI 1.23-2.46) were risk factors for DGF; The Cox model analysis indicated that terminal resistance was an independent hazard factor for renal function recovery time (HR = 0.823, 95% CI 0.735-0.981). The model combining terminal resistance and GST (AUC = 0.888, 95% CI: 0.842-0.933) significantly improved the DGF predictability compared with the use of terminal resistance (AUC = 0.756, 95% CI 0.693-0.818) or GST alone (AUC = 0.729, 95% CI 0.591-0.806).@*CONCLUSION@#According to the factors analyzed in this study, the combination of HMP parameters and perfusate biomarkers displays a potent DGF predictive value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Delayed Graft Function , Graft Survival , Kidney/physiology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Organ Preservation , Perfusion , Retrospective Studies , Tissue Donors
14.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 566-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825572

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of different T lymphocyte polyclonal antibodies in renal transplantation from donor kidney of organ donation after citizen's death. Methods Clinical data of 691 donors and recipients undergoing renal transplantation from donor kidney of organ donation after citizen's death were retrospectively analyzed. According to different T lymphocyte polyclonal antibodies used for induction, all recipients were divided into the rabbit anti human T lymphocyte immunoglobulin (rALG) group (n=414) and rabbit anti human thymocyte immunoglobulin (rATG) group (n=277). The recovery of renal graft function in recipients of the two groups were collected, including the incidence of delayed graft function (DGF) and acute rejection (AR), and the changes of serum creatinine level after renal transplantation. The 1-year survival rate of the recipients and renal grafts was collected. The incidence of adverse effects within 1 year after operation was calculated. According to the DGF risk score of donors, all recipients were divided into 5 groups. The use proportion of rALG and rATG in the recipients of each group was calculated. Results The incidence of DGF in the recipients of rALG and rATG groups was 14.5% (60/414) and 11.9% (33/277), respectively. The duration of DGF in the recipients of rALG and rATG groups was (7±4) d and (12±7) d respectively, with no statistically significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05). The incidence of AR in the rALG group was 7.5% (31/414), significantly higher than 4.0% (11/277) in the rATG group (P < 0.05). The serum creatinine levels of recipients within 6 months after renal transplantation tended to gradually decline in both groups. In renal transplantation for donor kidney with a DGF risk score of 0-15, the use proportion of rALG was significantly higher than that of rATG. However, the use proportion of rATG was significantly higher than that of rALG in renal transplantation for donor kidney with a DGF risk score over 16 (P < 0.05). The 1-year survival rates of the recipients and renal grafts in the rALG and rATG groups were 99.8% and 99.6%, 98.1% and 98.2%, respectively. There was no significant difference between two groups (both P > 0.05). The incidence of acute pulmonary edema and leukopenia in the recipients of rATG group was significantly higher than that in the rALG group (both P < 0.05). Conclusions Both rALG and rATG can effectively reduce the incidence of DGF and AR and achieve good clinical efficacy after renal transplantation from donor kidney of organ donation after citizen's death. The incidence of leukopenia and acute pulmonary edema induced by rATG is higher than that by rALG in the renal transplant recipients.

15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 379-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821546

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the prediction efficiency of scoring models at home and abroad on delayed graft function (DGF) after renal transplantation in China. Methods The clinical data of 112 donors and 220 recipients undergoing renal transplantation were prospectively analyzed. The DGF predicted by KDRI model, Jeldres model, and model of our center was compared with actual DGF incidence of renal transplant recipients. The prediction efficiency of each model was analyzed. The predictive accuracy was compared by the area under curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results The DGF incidence of 220 renal transplant recipients was 14.1% (31/220). DGF prediction using KDRI model showed that 41 cases were high risk donors, the AUC was 0.57, the sensitivity was 0.37, the specificity was 0.66, and the positive predictive value was 22%. DGF prediction using Jedres model showed that 22 cases were high risk recipients, the AUC was 0.56, the sensitivity was 0.13, the specificity was 0.92 and the positive predictive value was 20%. DGF prediction using the model of our center showed that 25 cases were high risk donors, the AUC was 0.80, the sensitivity was 0.53, the specificity was 0.84, the positive predictive value was 40%. Conclusions Compared with the KDRI and Jedres models, the prediction model of our center has higher AUC and sensitivity with a better prediction efficiency on DGF. Therefore, it is a suitable evaluation system of donors from donation after citizen's death in Chinese.

16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 259-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817602

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) in the storage of renal grafts from deceased donor (DD) with high-risk delayed graft function (DGF). Methods Clinical data of 52 donors with high-risk DGF were collected in this prospective randomized controlled study. Two renal grafts from each donor were randomly divided into the HMP group (n=52) and static cold storage (SCS) group (n=52). In the HMP group, the renal grafts were stored by LifePort under HMP, whereas the renal grafts in the SCS group were preserved in University of Wisconsin solution (UW solution). The incidence of DGF and primary nonfunction (PNF) after renal transplantation was statistically compared between two groups. The recovery of renal graft function, the survival rates of the recipients and renal grafts within postoperative 1 year were observed in two groups. Results The incidence of DGF in the HMP group was 4%(2/52), significantly lower than 17% (9/52) in the SCS group (P < 0.05). No PNF was reported in the HMP group and 1 case of PND was noted in the SCS group, the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The recovery time of graft function of the recipients in the HMP and SCS groups were (7.2±0.6) d and (7.7±1.0) d with no statistical significance (P > 0.05). In the HMP group, the urine volume of the recipients on the day of operation, postoperative 1 and2 d was significantly larger than that in the SCS group (all P < 0.05). In the HMP group, the levels of serum creatinine at each time point after operation were significantly lower than those in the SCS group (all P < 0.05). The 1-year survival rates of the recipient and kidney were 98.1%, 92.3% and 100%, 96.2% in the HMP and SCS groups with no statistical significance (all P > 0.05). Conclusions HMP can significantly reduce the incidence of DGF after renal transplantation from DD with high-risk DGF and promote the early recovery of graft function.

17.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 417-422, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870609

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of pneumocystis jirovecii pneumoniae (PJP) after renal transplantation.Methods:A total of 20 PJP patients were selected from January 2018 to January 2020. The major symptoms included fever, chest tightness, dyspnea and cough with minimal sputum. Chest computed tomography (CT), laboratory tests and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of bronchoscopic pulmonary alveolar perfusion fluid (BALF) were performed. They received cotrimoxazole (SMZ: 18.75-25 mg/kg + TMP: 3.75-5 mg/kg q6 h) and basic regimen of caspofungin (50-70 mg/d) for 14-21 days. At the same time, bacterial, fungal or viral infections were treated, immunosuppressants were tapered or discontinued, supportive therapy and methylprednisolone, immunoglobulin and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) were provided. Chest CT examination was performed for 5-7 days to evaluate the therapeutic effect and clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among them, fever was predominant in 13 cases with an average body temperature of (38.8±0.68) ℃ while chest tightness and dyspnea occurred in 7 cases. Fourteen patients presented hypoxemia, 13 received non-invasive ventilator assisted breathing, 1 received mechanical ventilation via endotracheal intubation and the remainders received mask oxygen therapy. Seventeen patients were cured and discharged from hospital for 12~90 days. Three patients died of respiratory and circulatory failures due to deteriorating pulmonary infection. And 19 patients had elevated renal function initially and basically normalized around 2 weeks.Conclusions:PJP is one of the most serious complications after renal transplantation. Timely diagnosis and targeted treatment are essential. And mNGS examination plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of PJP. The basic anti-infective scheme of compound sulfamethoxazole plus carbophennet is efficacious. At the same time, appropriate tapering or discontinuation of immunosuppressants, supportive therapy and assisted respiration are also important.

18.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 259-264, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

19.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 227-231, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870581

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of low-dose valganciclovir for preventing CMV infection after renal transplantation.Methods:Patients undergoing the first renal transplantation from January 2015 to January 2017 were selected. Recipients were divided into two groups according to anti-CMV prophylactic strategy. Recipients in test group (valganciclovir group, n=85) received oral valganciclovir 450 mg once daily and those in control group (ganciclovir group, n=81) had oral ganciclovir 1g thrice daily. Both drugs were prescribed within 10 days after transplantation and maintained for 3 months. Dose adjustments were based upon renal function. All recipients were followed up for 12 months posttransplantation. CMV-DNA, renal function, blood routine and liver function were regularly monitored. The incidence of CMV infection/disease, the median time to CMV infection onset, the incidence of opportunistic infections (OI) and acute rejection, graft or recipient survival and drug safety were evaluated.Results:A total of 166 renal recipients were admitted. Fewer recipients in test group (12, 14.1 %) than in control group (26, 32.1 %) had CMV infection ( P=0.006). The median time to CMV infection onset was longer in test group than in control group: 140.5 days (interquartile range [IQR]: 77.3-198.5 days) versus 47.5 days (IQR: 36.8-67.8 days) respectively ( P=0.014). The CMV disease rate was lower in test group ( P=0.080). The incidence of OI decreased significantly in test group (10.6 % vs 21.0 %, P=0.037). No patients in test group suffered allograft loss while 6 recipients (7.4 %) in control group ( P=0.032). Other adverse and side effects of both regimens were comparable. Conclusions:Low-dose valganciclovir regimen is both safe and efficacious in preventing CMV infection among kidney transplant recipients during the first year posttransplantation.

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Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 523-526, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797556

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Engineer a scaffold with mesenchymal stem cells and small intestinal submucosal to evaluate the effect of islet transplantation in diabetic rats.@*Methods@#MSC and pancreatic islets were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats, and SIS was isolated from Bamei pigs. MSC were seeded on the SIS to construct MSC-SIS scaffold. The STZ-induced diabetic rats were divided into three groups: islets, SIS, and MSC-SIS. The expressions of insulin and CD31 were detected by immunofluorescence on the 14th day after transplantation, and serum cytokines were detected by protein microarray.One-way ANOVA was used to compare the transplantation effect of each group.@*Results@#In MSC-SIS group, the expressions of insulin and CD31 were significantly higher than those in the other two groups. Cytokines of VEGFA were increased while TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-6 decreased, showing a significant difference (P<0.05). These results suggest that MSC-SIS scaffold significantly improve graft function and promote the expression of insulin and CD31, which may be related to the angiogenesis and anti-inflammatory effects of MSC.@*Conclusions@#Mesenchymal stem cells combined with intestinal submucosal scaffold can improve the effect of islet transplantation and provide a new method for the treatment of diabetes.

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