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1.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 955-960, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911553

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical and imaging features of Sturge-Weber syndrome in children.Methods:Clinical data were collected from 27 children with Sturge-Weber syndrome in Xuzhou Children′s Hospital, Xuzhou Medical University from July 2013 to December 2019, and analyzed retrospectively.Results:Among the 27 children, 17 were males and 10 were females. Their age at the clinic visit ranged from 2 days to 10 years and 7 months, and averaged 2.54 years. All the 27 patients presented with facial port-wine stains of varied color from light red to purple red, which were all distributed across the facial midline, including 21 with predominantly unilateral port-wine stains and 6 with bilateral symmetrical port-wine stains. There were 17 patients with ocular choroidal vascular malformations, including 14 with congenital glaucoma, 5 with high intraocular pressure, and 1 with optic nerve atrophy accompanied by transient blindness. Neurological impairment occurred in 12 patients, and all manifested as epilepsy. All the 27 children underwent imaging examination, and abnormalities were found in 20. Among the 10 patients with abnormal computed tomography images, local calcification was observed in 8, and local thickening of the skull on the side affected by skin lesions in 8; 13 of 14 patients with abnormal magnetic resonance imaging scan results had signs of brain atrophy, 9 showed enhanced gyrus-like blood vessel formation by enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, and 5 showed decreased branches of the anterior and middle cerebral artery on the affected facial side by magnetic resonance angiography.Conclusions:Children with Sturge-Weber syndrome are clinically characterized by predominantly unilateral port wine stains on the face, some of whom are accompanied by epilepsy, glaucoma or mental retardation, and imaging examinations mainly show local calcification, brain atrophy, local thickening of the skull plate, enhanced gyrus-like blood vessel formation, etc. Early definite diagnosis and comprehensive systemic treatment are needed to reduce disability and mortality rates in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome, and long-term follow-up should be considered.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910351

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of the size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) on dose estimations of children's head CT scans.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on plain head CT scans of 252 patients with the 64-row detector CT device of Discovery 750HD in the Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January to September in 2019. The volume CT dose index (CTDI vol)values were recorded. The head circumference (HC), area, and CT value were measured using a self-developed computer program, and the water equivalent diameter (WED), size-specific conversion factors ( f293 and f220), and absorbed dose (SSDE 293 and SSDE 220) were calculated according to the AAPM reports 293 and 220.The patients were divided into three groups by the quartering meth odaccording to their HC(<47.8 cm, 47.8-52.7 cm, >52.7 cm)and four groups based on their ages(0-2, 3-6, 7-10 and 11-14 years old). The difference between parameters ( f220 and f293, SSDE 220 and SSDE 293、SSDE 293 and CTDI vol) were compared for different groups, and the correlation of HC with f293 and SSDE 293 was analyzed. Results:There was an overestimation of f220 by 11.11% ( t=252.61, P<0.05) compared with f293. SSDE 220 was overestimated by 10.31% ( t=228.21, P<0.05) compared with SSDE 293, and SSDE 293 was underestimated by 9.60% ( t=-31.34, P<0.05)compared with CTDI vol. For the three HC groups, SSDE 220 was overestimated by 8.54%, 10.37%, and 11.57% ( t=73.73, 438.58, 275.52, P<0.05)compared with SSDE 293, and SSDE 293 was underestimated by 1.30%, 9.79%, and 14.61% ( t=-1.91, -60.95, -47.64, P<0.05)compared with CTDI vol. For the four age groups SSDE 220 was overestimated by 8.45%, 10.00%, 10.57%, and 11.36% ( t=63.58, 232.29, 247.84, 302.95, P< 0.05)compared with SSDE 293, and SSDE 293 was underestimated by 1.49%, 8.27%, 10.63%, and 13.78% ( t=-1.83, -28.27, -37.30, -49.80, P< 0.05)compared with CTDI vol. Furthermore, HC was highly correlated with f293 and SSDE 293 ( r2=0.88 and 0.76, respectively, P< 0.05). Conclusions:The radiation dose in children′s head CT scanning can be more accurately estimated according to the AAPM Report 293, while it can be overestimated by CTDI vol. Meanwhile, the CT radiation dose can be patently overestimated with the AAPM Report 220 compared with Report 293.HC is closely correlated with f293 and SSDE 293 and it can be used to estimatee more accurately for SSDE and the radiation dose received by children during head CT scanning.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810995

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the distribution and characteristics of peripheral nerve abnormalities in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) using magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) and to examine the diagnostic efficiency.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one CIDP patients and 21 controls underwent MR scans. Three-dimensional sampling perfections with application-optimized contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions and T1-/T2- weighted turbo spin-echo sequences were performed for neurography of the brachial and lumbosacral (LS) plexus and cauda equina, respectively. Clinical data and scores of the inflammatory Rasch-built overall disability scale (I-RODS) in CIDP were obtained.RESULTS: The bilateral extracranial vagus (n = 11), trigeminal (n = 12), and intercostal nerves (n = 10) were hypertrophic. Plexus hypertrophies were observed in the brachial plexus of 19 patients (61.3%) and in the LS plexus of 25 patients (80.6%). Patterns of hypertrophy included uniform hypertrophy (17 [54.8%] brachial plexuses and 21 [67.7%] LS plexuses), and multifocal fusiform hypertrophy (2 [6.5%] brachial plexuses and 4 [12.9%] LS plexuses) was present. Enlarged and/or contrast-enhanced cauda equina was found in 3 (9.7%) and 13 (41.9%) patients, respectively. Diameters of the brachial and LS nerve roots were significantly larger in CIDP than in controls (p < 0.001). The largest AUC was obtained for the L5 nerve. There were no significant differences in the course duration, I-RODS score, or diameter between patients with and without hypertrophy.CONCLUSION: MRN is useful for the assessment of distribution and characteristics of the peripheral nerves in CIDP. Compared to other regions, LS plexus neurography is more sensitive for CIDP.

4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 335-339, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870288

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily evaluate clinical efficacy and safety of tazarotene 0.05%/betamethasone dipropionate 0.05% cream in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris.Methods:A multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, single-dummy, parallel-controlled clinical trial was conducted. Subjects with mild to moderate psoriasis vulgaris were randomized into 4 groups at a ratio of 2∶1∶1∶1, including tazarotene 0.05%/betamethasone dipropionate 0.05% cream (Taz/Bp) group, betamethasone dipropionate 0.05% cream (Bp) group, tazarotene 0.05% gel (Taz) group and cream vehicle control (Plb) group. The treatment lasted 4 weeks. After 1, 2 and 4 weeks of treatment, efficacy and safety of drugs were evaluated in the above groups. Two-way analysis of variance model with main effects was used to compare continuous indices, least significant difference t-test was used for multiple comparisons, and chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test for comparisons of categorical data. Results:A total of 300 subjects were enrolled from 7 research centers, including 120 in the Taz/Bp group, 60 in the Bp group, 60 in the Taz group and 60 in the Plb group. After 4 weeks of treatment, proportions of patients achieving a 75% reduction in PASI (PASI75) were 35.83%, 20.00%, 18.33% and 6.67% in the Taz/Bp, Bp, Taz and Plb groups respectively, and there was a significant difference among the 4 groups ( P < 0.05) ; the proportion of patients achieving PASI75 was significantly higher in the Taz/Bp group than in the Plb group (α = 0.05, P < 0.05) and Taz group (α = 0.025, P < 0.025) , but there was no significant difference between the Taz/Bp group and Bp group (α = 0.016 7, P > 0.016 7) ; the proportions of patients achieving PASI90 were 25.00%, 8.33%, 5.00% and 1.67% in the Taz/Bp, Bp, Taz and Plb groups respectively, which significantly differed among the 4 groups ( P < 0.05) , and the Taz/Bp group showed a significantly increased proportion of patients achieving PASI90 compared with the Plb group ( P < 0.05) , Taz group ( P < 0.025) and Bp group ( P < 0.016 7) . All the tested drugs were well tolerated in the 4 groups. Adverse drug reactions occurred in 15 (12.50%) , 5 (8.33%) , 19 (31.67%) and 9 (15.00%) patients in the Taz/Bp, Bp, Taz and Plb groups respectively. The incidence rate of adverse drug reactions significantly differed among the 4 groups ( P = 0.004) , and was significantly lower in the Taz/Bp group than in the Taz group ( P < 0.05) , but insignificantly different between the Taz/Bp group and Bp or Plb group (both P > 0.05) . Conclusion:Tazarotene 0.05%/betamethasone dipropionate 0.05% cream is effective and safe for the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 330-334, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870286

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tazarotene/betamethasone dipropionate cream at different concentration ratios in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris, and to determine the optimal drug concentration ratio for clinical use.Methods:A multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, multi-dose controlled study was conducted. From December 2008 to April 2009, a total of 180 patients with psoriasis vulgaris were enrolled from 7 research centers, such as Hospital for Skin Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. These patients were randomly and equally divided into 5 groups: treatment groups 1, 2, 3, 4 treated with tazarotene/betamethasone dipropionate cream at concentration ratios of 0.025%/0.025%, 0.05%/0.025%, 0.025%/0.05% and 0.05%/0.05% respectively once a day, and control group treated with the cream vehicle once a day. The treatment lasted 4 weeks. Efficacy and safety were evaluated after 1, 2 and 4 weeks of treatment. One-way analysis of variance and least significant difference (LSD)- t test were used to compare measurement data among several groups, chi-square test and Fisher′s exact test to compare categorical data among groups, and Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel (CMH) test to compare psoriasis area severity index (PASI) response rates between groups. Results:After 4 weeks of treatment, 11 patients (30.56%) , 12 (33.33%) , 12 (33.33%) , 19 (52.78%) and 2 (5.56%) in the treatment groups 1, 2, 3, 4 and control group respectively achieved a 75% reduction in PASI (PASI75) , and the proportions of patients achieving PASI75 were significantly higher in the treatment groups than in the control group (all P < 0.012 7) . Additionally, the proportions of patients achieving PASI90 were also significantly higher in the treatment groups 1, 2 and 4 than in the control group (all P < 0.012 7) . After 4 weeks of treatment, the rates of reduction in PASI scores were 59.52% ± 26.79%, 57.19% ± 31.98%, 56.85% ± 30.46% and 68.21% ± 37.20% in treatment groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 respectively, which were all significantly higher than the rate of reduction in the control group (20.07% ± 28.55%; LSD- t = 5.36, 5.05, 5.00, 6.55, all P < 0.001) . The treatment group 4 showed marked comprehensive efficacy. All the tested drugs were well tolerated in the patients, and adverse reactions occurred in 11 (30.56%) , 8 (22.22%) , 2 (5.56%) , 4 (11.11%) and 2 (5.56%) cases in the treatment groups 1, 2, 3, 4 and control group respectively. The incidence rate of adverse reactions was significantly higher in the treatment group 1 than in the control group ( P = 0.012) , and there was no significant difference among the treatment groups 2, 3, 4 and control group (all P > 0.05) . Conclusion:The tazarotene 0.05%/betamethasone dipropionate 0.05% cream can be recommended for subsequent clinical trials in psoriasis vulgaris.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 317-318, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870281

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak may have some impact on the use of biologics in psoriatic patients because immunosuppressive effects of biologics may potentially alter the susceptibility of patients to the virus, deteriorate the condition of infected patients or even change the prognosis of infection. According to currently available recommendations from international psoriasis academic organizations and specialists, as well as specific situation in China, the authors provide some guidance on the use of biologics for psoriatic patients undergoing or planning to undergo treatment with biologics, those with low or high risk of infection, and for those with or without COVID-19 infection, so as to provide references for clinical practice.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867022

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between executive dysfunction and serum glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) levels in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Methods:32 drug-free ADHD patients and 34 normal children matched in gender, age and IQ were included.The executive function was assessed using Digital Span Back Test (DSB-T), Trail Making Test (TMT), Semantic Fluency Test (SFT) and Stroop Color Word Test (SCW-T), and peripheral GDNF levels were measured by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The executive functional test scores and serum GDNF levels were compared between groups, and then the correlation between executive dysfunction and GDNF was analyzed by Spearman or pearson correlation analysis.Results:(1) In the ADHD group, the DSB-T and SFT scores were lower than those in the normal control group(DSB-T4: (2) vs 5(1); SFT(13.66±2.34) vs (15.21±2.13)( Z=3.16, t=2.82, both P<0.05) and the TMT-A and TMT-B time-consuming were higher than those in the normal control group(TMT-A(61.12±19.03)s vs (48.76±21.06)s; TMT-B(158.66±63.78)s vs (123.62±45.24)s, t=2.50, 2.59, both P<0.05). The Word color consumption, word interference and word color errors of SCW-T in ADHD group were higher than those in the normal control group(Word color consumption(56.41±21.65)s vs (45.97±13.42)s; word interference 27(25)s vs 20(15)s; word color errors 4(3) vs 2(1)), and the differences were statistically significant( t=2.37, Z=2.31, 2.11, all P<0.05). (2) Serum levels of GDNF in the ADHD group were lower than that in the normal control group((481.59±68.74)pg/ml vs (552.47±110.13)pg/ml) , and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.11, P<0.05). (3) In the ADHD group, serum GDNF levels were negatively correlated with TMT-A, TMT-B and SCW-T word interference performance ( r=-0.512, r=-0.578, r=-0.432, all P<0.05), and positively correlated with DSB-T performance( r=0.381, P<0.05). Conclusion:Executive function is extensively damaged in ADHD patients, and GDNF may be involved in the pathophysiology of executive impairment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863046

ABSTRACT

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)is a common neuropsychiatric disorder in childhood, and its etiology and pathogenesis have not been fully elucidated.The main clinical manifestations are attention deficit, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior.Studies have shown that cognitive dysfunction is an important pathogenic factor, and executive dysfunction is a core deficiency of ADHD, which has poor performance in terms of attention, inhibition control and planning ability.ADHD patients often suffer from learning difficulties, conduct disorders, and oppositional defiantness.The clinical symptoms and executive dysfunction of some children with ADHD can persist into adulthood, causing serious effects on their academic, quality of life, and social functions.Therefore, the study of ADHD executive function has significant clinical and social significance.This article summarizes the research on the neural basis of executive dysfunction in ADHD children in recent years, improves the understanding of the disease, and provides guidance for clinical objective diagnosis, evaluation and treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 923-927, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824726

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of hematoporphyrin monomethyl etherbased photodynamic (HMME-PDT) therapy for the treatment of port-wine stain (PWS) and its sonographic changes.Methods A total of 45 patients with confirmed PWS were enrolled from the Department of Dermatology,Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from March 2017 to June 2018,including 5 with pink PWS,39 with purplish red PWS and 1 with thickened PWS.All the patients received 3 sessions of HMME-PDT therapy.The skin thickness and density were compared before and after the treatment by using high-frequency ultrasound.Ranked data were analyzed by using nonparametric test.Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation,and analyzed using ony-way analysis of variance.Multiple comparisons were performed using Student-Newman-Keuls-q (SNK-q) test.The results were considered to be statistically significant if P < 0.05.Results Among the 45 patients with PWS who completed the treatment and follow-up,10 were cured,21 received marked improvement,12 received improvement,and 1 showed no response.The total response rate was 97.78%,and the response rate in the patients with pink PWS was higher than that in the patients with purplish red PWS (U =12.50,P < 0.001).The difference value of the skin thickness or skin density before and after the treatment significantly differed among the cured patients,patients receiving marked improvement and those receiving improvement (skin thickness:0.65 ± 0.21,0.56 ± 0.88,0.37 ± 0.12 mm respectively;skin density:-8.65 ± 2.19,-6.86 ± 2.79,-4.92 ± 2.91 g/cm3 respectively;F =14.528,5.428 respectively,both P < 0.001),and the difference values of the skin thickness and density were significantly higher in the cured patients than in those receiving improvement (q =5.82,4.63,both P < 0.05).Erythematous swelling to different extents occurred at the laser-exposed sites in the zygomatic and cheek region in 23 patients with PWS and in the frontal-zygomatic region in 6 with PWS after the HMME-PDT therapy,but gradually regressed about 1 week later.Pale brown crusts were observed at the laser-exposed sites in 35 patients,and shed spontaneously about 3 weeks later.Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation at the laser-exposed sites was observed in 4 patients,and gradually regressed after 2-month follow-up.Conclusions HMME-PDT therapy is effective for the treatment of PWS,with high safety and few adverse reactions.High-frequency ultrasound can be used for objectively evaluating the clinical efficacy of HMME-PDT therapy.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 941-944, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801240

ABSTRACT

Leigh syndrome (French-Canadian type, LSFC) is a rare autosomal recessive hereditary severe neurological disorder that begins in infancy. Herein we report a case with LSFC in China. The patient was 8 months old, male, whose clinical manifestations included delayed development, low muscle tone, unstable vertical head, inability to sit alone, cognitive impairment, slightly smaller forehead, oblique eyes, epilepsy, etc. Gene sequencing results showed that the LRPPRC gene in the infant had complex heterozygous mutations of c.2989G>A (newly reported) and c.4078G>A. Combined with the clinical manifestations, gene mutations and literatures, the infant was diagnosed as LSFC, and symptomatic rehabilitation was performed. The results of genetic testing can contribute to the early diagnosis and genetic counseling of LSFC patients, and help reduce the burden on the patients and their families.

11.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 923-927, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800358

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether-based photodynamic (HMME-PDT) therapy for the treatment of port-wine stain (PWS) and its sonographic changes.@*Methods@#A total of 45 patients with confirmed PWS were enrolled from the Department of Dermatology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from March 2017 to June 2018, including 5 with pink PWS, 39 with purplish red PWS and 1 with thickened PWS. All the patients received 3 sessions of HMME-PDT therapy. The skin thickness and density were compared before and after the treatment by using high-frequency ultrasound. Ranked data were analyzed by using nonparametric test. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation, and analyzed using ony-way analysis of variance. Multiple comparisons were performed using Student-Newman-Keuls-q (SNK-q) test. The results were considered to be statistically significant if P < 0.05.@*Results@#Among the 45 patients with PWS who completed the treatment and follow-up, 10 were cured, 21 received marked improvement, 12 received improvement, and 1 showed no response. The total response rate was 97.78%, and the response rate in the patients with pink PWS was higher than that in the patients with purplish red PWS (U = 12.50, P < 0.001) . The difference value of the skin thickness or skin density before and after the treatment significantly differed among the cured patients, patients receiving marked improvement and those receiving improvement (skin thickness:0.65 ± 0.21, 0.56 ± 0.88, 0.37 ± 0.12 mm respectively; skin density: -8.65 ± 2.19, -6.86 ± 2.79, -4.92 ± 2.91 g/cm3 respectively; F = 14.528, 5.428 respectively, both P < 0.001) , and the difference values of the skin thickness and density were significantly higher in the cured patients than in those receiving improvement (q = 5.82, 4.63, both P < 0.05) . Erythematous swelling to different extents occurred at the laser-exposed sites in the zygomatic and cheek region in 23 patients with PWS and in the frontal-zygomatic region in 6 with PWS after the HMME-PDT therapy, but gradually regressed about 1 week later. Pale brown crusts were observed at the laser-exposed sites in 35 patients, and shed spontaneously about 3 weeks later. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation at the laser-exposed sites was observed in 4 patients, and gradually regressed after 2-month follow-up.@*Conclusions@#HMME-PDT therapy is effective for the treatment of PWS, with high safety and few adverse reactions. High-frequency ultrasound can be used for objectively evaluating the clinical efficacy of HMME-PDT therapy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 761-766, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796337

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of the Chinese Children′s Leukemia Group (CCLG) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) 2008 protocol (CCLG-ALL 2008) in the treatment of children′s T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).@*Methods@#Clinical characteristics and outcomes of 84 newly diagnosed T-ALL children (63 males and 21 females) treated with CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol from April 2008 to April 2015 in the Department of Pediatric Hematology, Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were analyzed retrospectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate the overall survival (OS) and event free survival (EFS), and COX regression was used to evaluate the influencing factors of OS and EFS.@*Results@#(1) Baseline data: 84 children were included, 56 cases (67%) of children were younger than 10 years old. Patients whose white blood cell count≥50×109/L ranked 70% (59/84). Karyotype: 58% (49/84) with normal karyotype, 10% (8/84) with abnormality of chromosome 11, 8%(7/84) with abnormality of chromosome 9, 2%(2/84) with abnormality in both chromosome 11 and chromosome 9, 8% (7/84) with other complex karyotypes. Fusion gene: 33%(28/84) were SIL-TAL1 positive. The patients were grouped by CCLG-ALL 2008 risk score, 40% (34/84) were in the intermediate risk group and 60% (50/84) in the high risk group. (2) Treatment efficacy: 84 cases were followed up until May 30, 2018. The follow-up time was 42.0 (0.3-120.0) months. The sensitivity rate of prednisone treatment was 56% (47/84); the complete response (CR) rate after the induction therapy of vincristine+daunoblastina+L-asparaginase+dexamethasone (VDLD)(d 33) was 88% (74/84); the total CR rate after VDLD induction combined with cyclophosphamide+cytarabine+6-mercaptopurine (CAM) treatment (d80) was 94% (79/84); the recurrence rate was 24% (20/84). Among the 20 recurrent cases, there were 13 cases (65%) with ultra-early recurrence (within 18 months after diagnosis), 6 cases (30%) with early recurrence (18 to 36 months after diagnosis); 1 patient (5%) with late recurrence (over 36 months after diagnosis). During the follow-up period, twenty-eight children (33%) died (22 cases with recurrence or suspending treatment without remission, 2 cases with infection, 1 case of sudden death in chemotherapy, 1 patient failed in transplantation, 1 patient with severe cirrhosis, and 1 patient with unknown cause). (3) Kaplan-Meier analysis: the 5-year OS and EFS of the 84 children were (63±6)% and (60±6)% respectively. (4) Efficacy in different risk groups: prednisone sensitivity rates in the two different risk groups were 100% (34/34) and 26% (13/50), respectively (χ2=3.237, P<0.05). The CR rates at the end of VDLD induction therapy (d 33) were 100% (34/34) and 80% (40/50), respectively (χ2=2.767, P<0.05). The recurrence rate of children in the two groups was 12% (4/34) and 32% (16/50), respectively (χ2=4.245, P<0.05).The mortality rates of the two groups were 21% (7/34) and 42% (21/50), respectively (χ2=3.198, P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 5-year OS of the two groups were (77±7)% and (53±8)%; and the 5-year EFS of the two groups were (75±8)% and (49±8)% (χ2=4.235, 3.875, both P<0.05) . (5) COX multivariate regression analysis showed that the classification of risk according to CCLG-ALL 2008 was an important factor influencing the prognosis of children with T-ALL (OR=3.313, 95% CI 1.165-9.422, P=0.025).@*Conclusions@#The results of the risk group treatment according to the CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol showed that the long-term survival of children with middle risk was significantly better than that of children at high risk.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 579-582, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754955

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the imaging features of MRI of tennis legs and to explore the pathogenesis of tennis legs. Methods A retrospective analysis was made on the MRI images of 38 patients with tennis legs which met the criteria and were clinically diagnosed in our hospital from May 2014 to June 2018. All patients underwent non?enhanced MRI. Coronal T1WI、T2WI fast spin echo (TSE) and transverse proton density weighted imaging (PDWI) were performed. The signs of fluid collection between gastrocnemius muscle (GM) and soleus muscle (SM),muscle and tendon injuries, superficial vein dilatation of calf were observed and recorded. Results Coronal T1WI, T2WI TSE and transverse PDWI sequences showed 30 (75.0%) places fluid collection (hematoma or effusion) between medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle (MCM) and SM, 11 (27.5%) places fluid collection (hematoma or effusion) between lateral head of gastrocnemius muscle(LGM)and SM,7 (17.5%) places fluid collection (hematoma or effusion) in MGM and 2 (5.0%) placesin SM. There were 17 (42.5%) places that hematoma or effusion spread around the fascia of the lower leg. The diameter and thickness of hematoma or effusion are about 1.7-22.3 cm and 0.2-3.5 cm, respectively. Rupture of the GM was seen in 37 (92.5%) places,including 37 places rupture of the MGM at the myotendinous junction, 15 places rupture of the LGM at the myotendinous junction, 24 places tendonrupture of MGM,3 places tendon rupture of MGM and LGM,and 2 places tendon rupture of LGM. The maximum diameter of tendon rupture was 1.2-27.0 mm. The muscle rupture of MGM was seen in one place, and muscle rupture of MGM and LGM was seen in one place at the same time. Rupture of the SM was seen in 15 (37.5%) places, including 15 places rupture of the SM at the myotendinous junction, 2 places muscle rupture of SM, 6 places tendonrupture of SM. The maximum diameter of tendon rupture was 2.5-14.9 mm. Rupture of plantaris tendon (PT) was seen in 4 (10.0%) places. Superficial vein dilatation was seen in 3 (7.5%) places. Conclusion This study shows that the rupture of the MGM at the myotendinous junction and the tendon is the main responsibility of tennis leg.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754185

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of peripheral serum glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) levels in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD),and to provide a new mark-er for early identification of ADHD in clinical practice. Methods Totally 42 drug-naive children with ADHD(ADHD group) and 45 healthy children(HC group) were included. General demographic informa-tion,scale scores,and fasting peripheral serum GDNF levels were compared between the two groups. Mean-while,the correlation between GDNF level and symptom severity score of children with ADHD was analyzed. Results There were significant differences in FSIQ,attention deficit, and hyperactivity/impulsivity scores between ADHD group and HC group(FSIQ(105. 26±13. 82) vs (114. 73±9. 93); attention deficit(23. 60± 5. 06) vs (20. 04±2. 85); hyperactivity/impulsivity(19. 43±3. 47) vs (15. 93±2. 42),all P<0. 05). Serum level of GDNF in the ADHD patients was significant lower than that in the HC group ((442. 52± 70. 01) pg/ml vs (554. 02±101. 37)pg/ml,P<0. 01). In addition,GDNF levels were negatively correlated with at-tention deficit scores in children with ADHD (radj=-0. 447,P<0. 01). More importantly,ROC curve results show that GDNF had good diagnostic value (AUC=0. 81). Conclusion GDNF levels decreased child with ADHD. Decreased serum GDNF levels have certain promising value in the diagnosis of ADHD.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802944

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the changes in brain structure network connection in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), and to provide novel markers for early identification of ADHD in clinical practice.@*Methods@#Deterministic diffusion-tensor tractography and graph theory approaches were used to investigate the topologic organization of the brain structural connectome in 25 children with ADHD and 23 healthy control children from May 2017 to May 2018, at Children′s Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University.Individual white matter networks were constructed for each participant, then the global properties, nodal properties and edge-wise distributions were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#(1)The global efficiency of the ADHD group (0.30±0.13) was significantly lower than that of the healthy control group (0.38±0.11), but the clustering coefficient (0.35±0.28) and the characteristic path length (2.94±0.38) were significantly higher than those of the healthy control group (0.28±0.10, 2.65±0.37), and the differences were statistically significant (t=-2.41, 2.31, 2.62, all P<0.05). (2)In the ADHD group, the nodal efficiency of the left inferior frontal gyrus, triangular part (0.13±0.06), left supramarginal gyrus (0.30±0.10), left inferior parietal, angular gyri (0.29±0.10), left precuneus (0.26±0.12)were significantly lower than the healthy control group(0.17±0.07, 0.38±0.10, 0.40±0.12, 0.35±0.12), while the nodal efficiency of the right superior frontal gyrus, orbital part and right paracentral lobule were significantly higher than the healthy control group(0.49±0.17, 0.43±0.14), and the differences were statistically significant[t=-2.52, -2.62, -3.11, -2.77, 2.34, 2.79, all P<0.05, false discovery rate(FDR) corrected]. (3)A disrupted subnetwork was observed that consisted of left frontoparietal areas, basal ganglia, thalamus and insular network (P<0.05, FDR corrected), which has the potential to discriminate individuals with ADHD from healthy control children(area under receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.78). (4)Diminished strength of the subnet work connections was correlated with the attention defect in patients with ADHD(r=-0.607, P=0.003).@*Conclusions@#Using magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging, with the help of graph theory analysis technology, ADHD children can be observed changes in brain structure network at multiple levels.The distribution pattern of brain network structure connection changes is expected to become a new marker for identifying ADHD.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813183

ABSTRACT

To study the feasibility of ArcCheck verification system in dosimetric verification for stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) the stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) with flattening filter free (FFF) model.
 Methods: A total of 76 cases under SRT treatment plans were introduced into ArcCheck phantom and recalculated. Threshold criteria was set as (3%, 3 mm, 10%) or (2%, 2 mm, 10%). The calculated dose distribution and the measured dose distribution of ArcCheck phantom were compared by means of distance to agree (DTA) and Gamma analysis method respectively.
 Results: Based on the threshold criteria (3%, 3 mm, 10%), the relative and absolute mean pass rates of SRT treatment plans by DTA and Gamma analysis were greater than 95%. Based on the threshold criteria (2%, 2 mm, 10%), the relative and absolute mean pass rates of SRT treatment plan by DTA and Gamma analysis were about 90%. The dose pass rate of Gamma analysis method was slightly higher than that of DTA analysis method (P<0.001).
 Conclusion: The ArcCheck verification system is a rapid and accurate method for SRT dose verification, and discrepancies are found in different analysis methods.


Subject(s)
Feasibility Studies , Humans , Phantoms, Imaging , Radiosurgery , Methods , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulation effect of Wnt5a on the apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells,and to clarify its mechanism.Methods:The human lung adenocarcinoma cells were selected.The A549 cells treated with Wnt5a were used as treatment group,and the A549 cells treated with C culture solution were used as control group.The apoptotic body induced by Wnt5a was assessed with TUNEL assay;the apoptotic rates of the A549 cells in various groups were detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining;the reactive oxygen species (ROS)levels in the A549 cells in various groups were determined with DCFH-DA fluorescence probe,and the mitochondria membrane potential was assessed with JC-1 staining method.Western blotting was used to analyze the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins in the A549 cells in various groups.Results:Compared with control group,the apoptotic rates of the A549 cells in treatment group 12,24,and 48 h after treatment were significantly increased(P<0.01);the ROS levels were increased(P<0.05);the mitochondria membrane potentials were decreased(P<0.05),the expressing amount of BAX was up-regulated and the expression amount of AIF was down-regulated.Conclusion:Wnt5a has regulation on the apoptosis of human lung adenocarcinoma cells and can promote the apoptosis of A549 cells through mitochondrial pathway.

18.
Modern Hospital ; (6): 734-735,738, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698914

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinic effects and safety of thoracic dorsal root ganglion(DRG) pulsed radiofrequency in treating post-thoracotomy pain syndrome(PTPS). Methods 47 PTPS patients were treated with thoracic DRG pulsed radiofrequency. VAS, Oxycodone dosage, medicine side effects before and after operation were recorded. Results The VAS before operation and 1 d, 15 d, 1 m, 3 m, 6 m, 12 m after operation were 6. 3 ±2. 4, 4. 1 ±1. 8, 3. 2 ±1. 3, 2. 5 ±1. 5, 2. 1 ±0. 9, 2. 0 ±0. 8 and 2. 2 ±1. 1 respectively. The oxycodone dosage were (28. 5 ±10. 2)mg, (12. 3 ±5. 7)mg, (8. 3 ±3. 8)mg, (7. 6 ± 3. 1) mg, (7. 0 ± 3. 4) mg, (6. 6 ± 2. 7) mg and (7. 2 ± 3. 2) mg respectively. The difference was significant compared with the preoperative (P<0. 05). No serious complications occurred. Conclusion Thoracic DRG pulsed radiofrequency was a safe and effective method in treating PTPS.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 730-734, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810205

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and the prognostic factors of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences 2005 (CAMS-2005) regimen in the treatment of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*Methods@#Eighty-eight cases of newly-diagnosed AML patients, who were treated with the CAMS-2005 regimen from April 2005 to July 2009, were enrolled in this case observational study. Clinical characteristics, long-term prognosis and prognostic factors were analyzed retrospectively. Overall survival (OS) and event free survival (EFS) rates were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Rates of survival between the groups were compared by the Log-rank test. Prognostic factors were evaluated by COX regression analysis.@*Results@#A total of 82 cases were enrolled in this study, including 34 core binding factor(CBF)-AML patients and 48 non-CBF-AML patients. There were 45 males and 37 females. The median age at diagnosis was 8.0 (0.7-16.0) years. During the induction therapy, 3 patients (4%) developed treatment-related early-death, while 63 patients (77%) achieved complete remission (CR) and 53 patients (65%) achieved CR after 1 course. Twenty-one patients (33%) had relapsed disease. The CR rates of CBF-AML patients and non-CBF-AML patients were 91% (31/34) and 67% (32/48) (χ2=5.410, P=0.020) , while the relapse rates were 29% (9/31) and 38% (12/32) (χ2=0.508, P=0.476) . The 8-year OS and EFS rates of all 82 patients were 59%(48/82) and 51%(42/82). The 8-year OS rates of CBF-AML patients and non-CBF-AML patients were 74% (25/34) and 48%(23/48) (χ2=5.812, P=0.016), while the 8-year EFS rates of CBF-AML patients and non-CBF-AML patients were 71%(24/34) and 38%(18/48) (χ2=8.682, P=0.003). There were statistically significant differences between groups. The 8-year OS rates of patients who achieved CR after 1 course and other patients were 68% (36/53) and 46% (12/26) (χ2=9.606, P=0.002), while the 8-year EFS rates were 66% (35/53) and 27% (7/26) (χ2=19.471, P=0.000), the differences were all statistically significant. COX multivariate analysis showed that CBF-AML or non-CBF-AML and whether achieved CR after 1 course were independent prognostic factors of OS rates (relative risk: 2.538, 2.561) and EFS rates (relative risk: 3.050, 3.686) (P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#The efficacy of the CAMS-2005 regimen in the treatment of AML patients was well. CBF-AML or non-CBF-AML and whether achieved CR after 1 course were independent prognostic factors for pediatric AML patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712526

ABSTRACT

Objective To build a performance appraisal system for equipment maintenance departments of hospitals for the purposes of minimal maintenance cost and higher quality of equipments. Methods Literature review and two rounds of expert consultation were carried out in Delphi method. The indicators were classified in such dimensions as technical, economic, efficiency and external evaluation, with the weight of each computed in the proportional distribution method. Results Following expert consultation, adjustment and corrections, an indicator system was finalized consisting of four level-2 indicators and 13 level-2 indicators. Experts came to a consensus, and the W means of both importance and necessity were greater than 0.5. Then an economic calculation plan for equipment maintenance was raised under market-oriented guidance. Conclusions Based on appraisal of the indicator system and economic accounting, an incentive system can be formed for upgrading the repairing and maintenance performance of medical equipments of the hospital.

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