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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885515

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of a scoring model based on MRI images for diagnosing invasive placenta accreta and associated adverse clinical outcomes.Methods:This retrospective cohort study involved 260 patients delivered at Peking University Third Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018, who were suspected to be placenta accreta with two or more ultrasound image findings and underwent MRI examination. Placenta accreta was finally diagnosed and classified based on the intraoperative clinical findings or pathological examination. Adverse clinical outcomes were defined as intraoperative bleeding ≥1 500 ml and/or having hysterectomy. Quantitative and qualitative interpretation of five MRI signs were performed, including intraplacental low-intensity band on T2 weighted imaging, abnormal intraplacental vascularization, vascularization of uterovesical interface, uterine bulging and cervical involvement. Chi-square and t test were used for univariate analysis of the five MRI signs and the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve of each MRI sign for predicting invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes were drawn. The predictive value was assigned as 1 when ≥ the cutoffs that matched to the maximum Yoden index values, and was assigned as 0 when below the cutoffs. A scoring model based on the five MRI signs was established, ROC curves of the model for predicting invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes were drawn and the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and Youden index were calculated. Results:(1) Univariate analysis showed that all five MRI signs were significantly associated with invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes. Except for cervical involvement, the other four signs had an AUC value of greater than 0.5 in predicting invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes. (2) The predictive cut-off values of abnormal intraplacental vascularization image and intraplacental dark band area on T2 weighted imaging were 2.0 cm 2 and 0.6 cm 2, respectively, and were all 1.0 for the other three signs. The AUC value of MRI signs-based scoring model for predicting invasive placenta accreta was 0.863. When the score was ≥ 2 points, the diagnostic sensitivity was 0.836 and the specificity was 0.726. The scoring model predicted adverse clinical outcomes with an AUC of 0.841. When the score was ≥3 points, the predictive sensitivity was 0.707 and the specificity was 0.818. Conclusions:The scoring model based on MRI signs is of good value for the diagnosis of invasive placenta accreta and the prediction of adverse clinical outcomes.

2.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 346-359, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880918

ABSTRACT

Microbial ecosystem comprises a complex community in which bacteria interact with each other. The potential roles of the intestinal microbiome play in human health have gained considerable attention. The imbalance of gut microbial community has been looked to multiple chronic diseases. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are leading causes of morbidity worldwide and are influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Recent advances have provided scientific evidence that CVD may also be attributed to gut microbiome. In this review, we highlight the complex interplay between microbes, their metabolites, and the potential influence on the generation and development of CVDs. The therapeutic potential of using intestinal microbiomes to treat CVD is also discussed. It is quite possible that gut microbes may be used for clinical treatments of CVD in the near future.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798880

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish a prediction model for 6-year incidence risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the elderly aged 65 years and older in China.@*Methods@#In this prospective cohort study, we used the data of 3 742 participants collected during 2008/2009-2014 and during 2012-2017/2018 from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Two follow up surveys for renal function were successfully conducted for 1 055 participants without CKD in baseline survey. Lasso method was used for the selection of risk factors. The risk prediction model of CKD was established by using Cox proportional hazards regression models and visualized through nomogram tool. Bootstrap method (1 000 resample) was used for internal validation, and the performance of the model was assessed by C-index and calibration curve.@*Results@#The mean age of participants was (80.8±11.4) years. In 4 797 person years of follow up, CKD was found in 262 participants (24.8%). Age, BMI, sex, education level, marital status, having retirement pension or insurance, hypertension prevalence, blood uric acid, blood urea nitrogen and total cholesterol levels and estimated glomerular filtration rate in baseline survey were used in the model to predict the 6-year incidence risk of CKD in the elderly. The corrected C-index was 0.766, the calibration curve showed good consistence between predicted probability and observed probability in high risk group, but relatively poor consistence in low risk group.@*Conclusion@#The incidence risk prediction model of CKD established in this study has a good performance, and the nomogram can be used as visualization tool to predict the 6-year risk of CKD in the elderly aged 65 years and older in China.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798879

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and all-cause mortality in the elderly aged 65 years and older in longevity areas in China.@*Methods@#Data used in this study were obtained from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, 1 802 elderly adults were collected in the study during 2012-2017/2018. In this study, the elderly were classified into 4 groups, moderate-to-severe group [<45 ml·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1], mild-to-moderate group [45- ml·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1], mild group [60- ml·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1] and normal group [≥90 ml·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1] according to their eGFR levels.@*Results@#After 6 years of follow-up, 852 participants died, with a mortality rate of 47.3%. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the levels of eGFR were negatively correlated with all-cause mortality risk in the elderly (the HR of elderly was 0.993 and the 95%CI was 0.989-0.997 for every unit of eGFR increased, P=0.001), while compared with the group with normal eGFR, the HRs (95%CI) of the elderly in the moderate-to-severe group, mild-to-moderate group, and mild group were 1.690 (1.224-2.332, P=0.001), 1.312 (0.978-1.758, P=0.070), 1.349 (1.047-1.737, P=0.020) respectively [trend test P<0.001].@*Conclusion@#The decrease in eGFR was associated with higher mortality risk among the elderly in longevity areas in China.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798878

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the relationship between visual impairment and risk of all-cause mortality in the elderly aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas in China.@*Methods@#The data of the elderly aged 65 years and older in the project in 2012 were obtained from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, including physical measurement and survival status, and a follow-up for survival outcomes were conducted in 2014 and 2017 respectively. Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to analyze the influence of visual impairment on mortality. Gender and age specific analysis was conducted.@*Results@#A total of 1 736 elderly adults were included. A total of 943 deaths occurred during the 5-year follow-up period with a 5-year mortality rate of 54.3%. The 5-year mortality rate was 76.7% in the group with visual impairment, and 47.6% in the group without visual impairment (P<0.001). After adjusting for demographic information, life style and some disease factors, the risk of 5-year mortality in the group with visual impairment group was 1.30 times higher than that in the group without visual impairment (HR=1.30, 95%CI: 1.09-1.55). In the females, the risk for mortality in the group with visual impairment was 1.48 times higher than that in the group without visual impairment (HR=1.48, 95%CI:1.20-1.84). However, vision status was not associated with the risk for mortality in males (HR=1.02, 95%CI: 0.72-1.43). The risk for mortality in the group with visual impairment was 1.39 times higher than that in the group without visual impairment in the elderly aged over 90 years (HR=1.39, 95%CI: 1.13-1.70). Vision status was not associated with mortality risk in the elderly aged 65-79 years and 80-89 years (HR=1.37, 95%CI: 0.61-3.07; HR=0.95, 95%CI: 0.61-1.48).@*Conclusion@#In the elderly people in China, visual impairment is a risk factor for mortality.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798877

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current status of BMI of the elderly and related factors in longevity areas in China, and provide scientific evidence for the control of BMI level in elderly population.@*Methods@#Data used in this study were obtained from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. A total of 2 825 elderly in 8 longevity areas in China were surveyed and measured in 2017. The BMI levels of 2 217 elderly aged 65 years and older were calculated and in follow up. The ordered classification logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencd factors for the BMI in the elderly.@*Results@#The BMI of the elderly in 8 longevity areas in China was (22.36±3.87) kg/m2, and it was (22.76±3.58) kg/m2 for males and (21.75±3.98) kg/m2 for females. The BMI levels were normal in 1 165 elderly persons. The prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity were 15.8%, 24.0% and 7.7%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the main factors affecting the BMI of people under 100- years old were age (65-: OR=2.78, 95%CI: 1.87-4.15; 80-: OR=1.47, 95%CI: 1.00-2.17), smoking status (OR=0.46, 95%CI: 0.32-0.66), annual household income (<30 000 Yuan: OR=1.26, 95%CI: 1.07-1.47; 30 000-70 000 Yuan: OR=1.52, 95%CI: 1.12-1.86), and frequency of tea intake(OR=1.36, 95%CI: 1.01-1.71), while the factor in people aged ≥100 years was gender (OR=3.68, 95%CI: 1.32-10.36).@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity were high in the elderly from longevity areas in China. It is necessary to pay attention to the trend of overweight and obesity due to smoking, higher annual household income and regular tea drinking in the elderly men.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798876

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze influencing factors for depressive symptoms in the elderly aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas in China.@*Methods@#We recruited 2 180 participants aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey in 2017. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationships of socio-demographic characteristics, behavioral lifestyle, chronic disease prevalence, functional status, family and social support with depressive symptoms in the elderly.@*Results@#The detection rate of depression symptoms was 15.0% in the elderly aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas of China, and the detection rate of depression symptoms was 11.5% in men and 18.5% in women. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that the detection rate of depressive symptoms was lower in the elderly who had regular physical exercises (OR=0.44, 95%CI: 0.26-0.74), frequent fish intakes (OR=0.57, 95%CI: 0.39-0.83), recreational activities (OR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.44-0.96), social activities (OR=0.28, 95%CI: 0.11-0.73) and community services (OR=0.68, 95%CI: 0.50-0.93). The elderly who were lack of sleep (OR=2.04, 95%CI: 1.49-2.80), had visual impairment (OR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.08-2.18), had gastrointestinal ulcer (OR=2.97, 95%CI: 1.53-5.77), had arthritis (OR=2.63, 95%CI: 1.61-4.32), had higher family expenditure than income (OR=1.80, 95%CI: 1.17-2.78) and were in poor economic condition (OR=4.58, 95%CI: 2.48-8.47) had higher detection rate of depressive symptoms.@*Conclusion@#The status of doing physical exercise, fish intake in diet, social activity participation, sleep quality or vision, and the prevalence of gastrointestinal ulcers and arthritis were associated with the detection rate of depressive symptoms in the elderly.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798875

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety in the elderly aged 60 years and older in China.@*Methods@#The elderly aged 60 years and older were selected from the China Short-term Health Effects of Air Pollution Study conducted between July 18, 2017 and February 7, 2018. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety.@*Results@#A total of 3 897 elderly aged 60 years and older were included in the study. The age of the elderly was (73.4±8.0) years old. Among the elderly surveyed, 6.5% were defined with anxiety, and 18.7% reported poor sleep quality. Multivariate logistic regression models showed shorter sleep duration was the risk factor for anxiety in the elderly that after adjusting for factors such as general demographics, socioeconomic factors, lifestyle, health status, social support and ambient fine particulates exposure. Compared with the elderly with 7 hours of sleep duration daily, the OR (95%CI) of anxiety for those with sleep duration ≤ 6 hours was 2.09 (1.49-2.93). Compared with those with good sleep quality, the OR (95%CI) of anxiety for those with poor sleep quality was 5.12 (3.88-6.77). We also found statistically significant correlations of the scores of subscales of Pittsburgh sleep quality index with anxiety, in which the effects of sleep disturbance, subjective sleep quality and daytime dysfunction scores were most obvious, the ORs (95%CI) were 4.63 (3.55-6.04), 2.75 (2.33-3.23) and 2.50 (2.19-2.86), respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the association of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety was more obvious in males and in those aged <80 years.@*Conclusion@#Shorter sleep duration and poor sleep quality are associated with anxiety in the elderly in China.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805573

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship of plasma albumin and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP) with 5-year all-cause mortality among Chinese older adults aged 65 and older.@*Method@#Data was collected in 8 longevity areas of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) study conducted by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention and Peking University at baseline survey in 2012 and 2014, the participants enrolled in 2012 was followed-up in 2014 and 2017, the participants enrolled in 2014 was followed-up in 2017 only. Finally, 3 118 older adults aged 65 and older with complete information on albumin, Hs-CRP and body mass index (BMI) were included in this study. Plasma samples of older adults were collected for the detection of albumin and Hs-CRP at baseline survey. Survival status and follow-up time was recorded for all participants. All older adults were divided into 4 groups according to the levels of plasma albumin and Hs-CRP, and Cox proportional hazard models were constructed to assess their influence on the risk of all-cause mortality.@*Results@#Among 3 118 older adults included, the prevalence of hypoalbuminemia was 10.1% (316/3 118), and was 22.8% (711/3 118) for elevated Hs-CRP. During 10 132 person-years of follow-up, 1 212 participants died. Participants with hypoalbuminemia had increased risk of all-cause mortality, with an hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidential interval (CI) of 1.18 (1.01-1.38), compared to participants with normal plasma albuminemia; participants with elevated Hs-CRP had increased risk of all-cause mortality, with an HR (95%CI) of 1.18 (1.04-1.35), compared to participants with normal plasma Hs-CRP. Participants with normal plasma albumin and elevated Hs-CRP, with hypoalbuminemia and normal Hs-CRP, with hypoalbuminemia and elevated Hs-CRP also had increased risk of all-cause mortality when compared to those with normal plasma albumin and normal Hs-CRP, the HR (95%CI) were 1.16 (1.01-1.34), 1.11 (0.91-1.37) and 1.43 (1.11-1.83), respectively.@*Conclusion@#Hypoalbuminemia and elevated Hs-CRP were responsible for increased risk of 5-year all-cause mortality among Chinese older adults from 8 longevity areas.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805261

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association of arsenic with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA).@*Methods@#A case-control study was conducted to select URSA patients who were admitted to the Beijing Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from April to October 2018 as a case group. Women who had a normal pregnancy in the Family Planning Department of the hospital but volunteered to have an abortion were selected as a control group. The case and control group were paired in a 1: 1 ratio. The inclusion criteria of the case group were patients with newly diagnosed recurrent spontaneous abortion who had clinically confirmed more than 2 spontaneous abortions and had 20 weeks prior to pregnancy, excluding patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion caused by abnormal blood coagulation (anti-phospholipid antibody positive), abnormal physiological anatomy (B-ultrasound), abnormal immune factors (anti-nuclear antibody positive, anti-cardiolipin antibody, etc.), genetic chromosomal abnormalities (karyotype analysis) and pathogenic microbial infection. The control group was matched according to the age of the case group (±3 years old) and the gestational age (±2 weeks) to exclude adverse pregnancy outcomes such as stillbirth, congenital malformation, premature delivery and low birth weight infants. A total of 192 subjects were included. Questionnaires were used to collect information of all subjects, and 12 ml of peripheral venous blood was collected to detect blood arsenic levels. Blood arsenic levels were divided into low concentration group (<1.00 μg/L), medium concentration group (1.00-1.50 μg/L) and high concentration group (>1.50 μg/L). The multivariate conditional logistic regression was performed to analyze the relationship between blood arsenic exposure and URSA and explore the influencing factors of blood Arsenic.@*Results@#The geometric mean values of blood arsenic level in the cases group and control group were 1.68 (1.50-1.86) μg/L and 1.26 (1.17-1.37) μg/L, respectively. The blood arsenic level in the case group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The results of multivariate conditional logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for tobacco exposure during pregnancy, pre-pregnancy body mass index and the effects of residential decoration in past five years, the risk of URSA was higher in the high-concentration group compared with the low-concentration group (OR=2.56, 95%CI:1.06-6.24).@*Conclusion@#Blood arsenic may increase the risk of URSA in women of childbearing age.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800525

ABSTRACT

The Health Environment Promotion Campaigns (HEPCs) focus on the major environmental health issues and relevant factors of concern among the general public, and promote the achievement of the national health goal. Based on the summary and analysis of the background, key indicators, specific actions in different domains of the HEPCs, this paper proposes suggestions for scientifically implementing HEPCs from five aspects, namely, formulating implementation plans, establishing pilot areas, building comprehensive service platforms, improving the health literacy of residents and strengthening the development of protection technologies and standards.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798023

ABSTRACT

According to different epochs and development needs, a series of practices on environmental health and sanitary engineering were carried out, which played significant roles in promoting national economic and social developments and protecting the public health. This paper reviewed the main achievements in the past 70 years infields of patriotic health campaign, water sanitation and toilet improvement in rural areas, surveillance and investigation, health standard system, sanitary engineering equipment, stove improvement etc., and then proposed several prospects in the future.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810413

ABSTRACT

The size of the non-sampling error is directly related to the accuracy and reliability of the sampling survey result. This paper studied the non-sampling errors generated during the sampling process of the China National Human Biomonitoring Program(CNBP), mainly including the sampling frame error, non-response error and measurement error. The program reduced the influence of the non-sampling error on the quality of the survey effectively by scientifically designing the sampling scheme and questionnaire, strengthening investigator trainings and standardizing the data review, which could be used to provide reference for the control of non-sampling errors in public health monitoring projects in China.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810406

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association of ambient fine particulate matters (PM2.5) exposure with anxiety in middle-aged and elderly people in China.@*Methods@#Using a stratified random sampling method, 5 997 middle-aged and elderly people (aged 40-89) who resided in the region for more than 2 years and had no hearing or language impairment were selected from 32 districts/counties in the key areas for air pollution prevention and control in China from October 10th, 2017 to February 7th, 2018. Information about demographic characteristics, socioeconomic factors and health status were collected by questionnaire survey and physical examination. The anxiety symptoms were assessed by 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scales. Three-year moving average concentrations of PM2.5 were calculated to estimate exposure level. The multivariate logistic regression model was conducted to assess the association between PM2.5 exposure and anxiety. The interaction of age, gender, overweight, education, smoking, drinking and chronic diseases was also analyzed by likelihood ratio test.@*Results@#There were 2 995 (49.94%) males subjects, 4 092 (68.23%) subjects with education of secondary school or above and 2 576 (42.95%) subjects with self-reported chronic diseases among the 5 997 middle-aged and elder participants. The prevalence of anxiety was 6.64% (n=398). The mean±SD of 3-year moving average concentrations of PM2.5, O3 and SO2 were (53.50±13.38), (90.58±13.26) and (40.29±12.56) μg/m3, respectively. PM2.5 had significantly association with anxiety, and the corresponding OR value was 1.17 (95%CI: 1.05,1.31) with a 10 μg/m3 increment of 3-year moving average concentrations of PM2.5. Compared with female (OR (95%CI)=1.07 (0.93,1.23)), those with no chronic diseases (OR (95%CI)=1.06 (0.93,1.20)) and those with primary school degree or below (OR (95% CI)=0.90 (0.75,1.09)), the association between PM2.5 and anxiety was stronger among male (OR (95%CI)=1.35 (1.12,1.63)) and those with chronic diseases (OR (95%CI)=1.77 (1.31,2.38)), middle school education (OR (95%CI)=1.43 (1.22,1.67)), college education and above (OR (95%CI)=1.68 (1.05, 2.67)), all the P interaction values were <0.05.@*Conclusion@#PM2.5 exposure has significantly positive association with anxiety. The associations are stronger in male, people with higher educational qualifications and patients with chronic diseases.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810399

ABSTRACT

As one of the major environmental and health problems in China, ambient air pollution has attracted substantial public concerns. This paper reviews the current evidence on air pollution and population health in China, including acute health effect studies, chronic health effect studies, disease burden, and interventions studies. Future research directions are also discussed.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810398

ABSTRACT

The adverse effects of air pollution and climate change on human health have already been a major global environmental issue, and the challenges in China are even more severe. In this issue, titled "Air Pollution Climate, Change and Health" , we present a series of articles that reviewed and analyzed the impact of air pollution and climate change on human health systematically, and propose recommendations for the next phase of research. Meanwhile, we introduce the latest achievements of the World Health Organization (WHO) in coping with air pollution and health, summarize the first WHO Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health, and provide evidence-based guidelines for control and prevention of climate change and air pollution in China.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709973

ABSTRACT

To investigate the association between hemoglobin ( Hb ) and thyroid-stimulating hormone ( TSH) levels in different trimester pregnant women with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH). 62 pregnant women, who were diagnosed as SCH when they had their first antenatal care and eventually delivered in the Affiliated Quanzhou First Hospital of Fujian Medical University from March 2013 to December 2014, were enrolled in this study. These subjects were divided into three groups according to weeks of gestation when they had their first prenatal care:including first trimester (n=24), second trimester (n=17), and third trimester (n=21) groups. All SCH pregnant women were treated with levothyroxine ( L-T4). The clinical and laboratory data in the first antenatal care and antepartum period were collected. Association of Hb level with other clinical and laboratory data were analyzed. Compared to baseline, the levels of TSH, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, alanine aminotransferase, and total cholesterol were lower (all P<0.05), and the levels of Hb were higher (P<0.05), after treated with L-T4in three groups. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the level of Hb was negativly correlated with TSH in all pregnancies or in third trimester groups (r=-0.394,-0.308,-0.537 and-0.453 respectivly, all P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis indicated that the level of Hb was independently associated with TSH and body mass index in pregnant women with SCH. In pregnant women with SCH, the higher TSH and body mass index levels are correlated with increased risk of anemia. L-T4treatment may ameliorate anemia during pregnancy.

18.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 368-371, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an HPLC method for the content determination of cinacalcet hydrochloride and evaluate the un-certainty in the measurement. Methods:An Inertsil ODS-SP chromatographic column(250 mm×4.6 mm,5 μm) was used,the mo-bile phase was composed of phosphate buffer solution(pH 6.5) and acetonitrile(60: 40),the flow rate was 1.0 ml·min-1,the de-tection wavelength was 272 nm,the column temperature was 30℃ and the injection volume was 20 μl. The content calculation formula-tion was deduced,the influencing factors were determined,and each component was assessed. Results:The resolution between cina-calcet and the impurity was satisfied,the linear relationship within the range of 10-100 μg?ml-1was excellent(r=0.999 9),the av-erage recovery was 101.09% (RSD=0.54%,n=9),and the LOQ was 0.254 μg?ml-1. The expanded uncertainty was 1.22%, and the result of the content determination was(100.74 ± 1.22)% (k=2). Conclusion:The method is simple,fast,selective,ac-curate and reliable,and can provide reference for the development of quality standards for generic drugs. Based on the influencing fac-tors of uncertainty,the main influencing reasons for the determination results can be found out to improve the reliability of determina-tion.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1642-1647, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738201

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the sampling method in China National Human Biomonitoring Program (HBP) and the related errors,so as to calculate and evaluate the study design in sampling.Methods The sampling method of HBP is of multistage nature.Taking the results of sampling method from Guizhou province as an example,results related to sampling error and variation coefficient were calculated,using the multistage unequal probability sampling error method.Results The HBP covered 152 monitoring sites in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) and with 21 888 residents selected.The replacement rates at various stages were 5.26%,6.35% and 40.6% respectively.The sampling error in Guizhou province was 3 207 594,and the coefficient of variation was 0.097.Conclusions According to the multi-stage unequal probability sampling method,the sampling coefficient variability appeared small with high precision,in Guizhou province.However,this method did not consider the weight adjustment of non-sampling errors such as population missing rate and response rate.Methods related to the calculation on multi-stage sampling error among large-scale public health monitoring projects need to be further studied.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 245-248, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737942

ABSTRACT

It is reported that depression has caused heavy disease burden across the world,with an possible association between ambient air pollution and depressive symptoms.In this paper,we reviewed relative literature in this field and summarized the research events on association between ambient air pollution and depression,both in China and abroad and found that the results of the existed studies were inconsistent,with most studies showing that there existed a positive correlation between the exposure of air pollution and depression,but few studies showing the negative correlation or no correlation between the two.

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