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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 601-609, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992755

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) combined with polymethylmethacrylate-augmented pedicle screw instrumentation and shortening of spinal column for stage Ⅲ Kümmell's disease with very severe collapse of fractured vertebra.Methods:From January 2017 to September 2021, 9 patients with stage Ⅲ Kümmell's disease with very severe collapse of fractured vertebra underwent PVCR combined with polymethylmethacrylate-augmented pedicle screw instrumentation and shortening of spinal column. Their medical records were retrospectively analyzed. There were 1 male and 8 females, aged (66.9±5.8) years. The injured vertebra was located at T 11 in 2 patients, at T 12 in 4, at L 1 in 2 and at L 2 in 1. X-ray, CT and MRI were performed before operation. The posterior intervertebral heights of adjacent vertebral bodies of the fractured vertebra in the median sagittal position were measured on CT or MRI to evaluate the shortening of the spinal column before PVCR. Recorded were intraoperative bleeding volume, operation time, complications, bone graft fusion, and American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grading at preoperation and the last follow-up. The visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scores, Oswestry disability index (ODI) scores, and kyphotic cobb angles at preoperation, 1 week and 3 months postoperation, and the last follow-up were compared to evaluate the clinical efficacy of PVCR. Results:All patients underwent surgery successfully, with tight closure of adjacent vertebrae after resection of the injured vertebra and bone grafting. Operation time was (240.6±23.2) min and intraoperative bleeding (505.6±95.0) mL. The 9 patients were followed up for (17.3±5.6) months. No worsening symptoms of nerve injury, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, or other serious complications were found after operation, nor such complications as loosening or breakage of internal fixation or adjacent vertebral fractures. Bone fusion was achieved at the bone graft sites in all patients by the last follow-up. The VAS and ODI scores and cobb angles at 1 week and 3 months postoperation and at the last follow-up were significantly decreased compared with preoperation ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in VAS scores or cobb angles among postoperative 1 week and 3 months and the last follow-up ( P>0.05), but pairwise comparisons between different time points after operation showed significant differences in ODI, with postoperative 1 week > postoperative 3 months > the last follow-up ( P<0.05). The ASIA grading at the last follow-up was improved from preoperative grade C to grade D in 2 cases, from preoperative grade C to grade E in 1 case and from preoperative grade D to grade E in 5 cases. Conclusion:PVCR combined with polymethylmethacrylate-augmented pedicle screw instrumentation and shortening of spinal column is a feasible and effective surgical treatment for stage Ⅲ Kümmell's disease with very severe collapse of fractured vertebra, leading to good clinical efficacy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588

ABSTRACT

The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 509-512, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the correlation between the four limbs perfusion index (PI) and blood lactic acid in patients with neurosis, and evaluate the predictive value of PI on microcirculation perfusion metabolic disorder in patients with neurosis.@*METHODS@#A prospective observational study was conducted. Adult patients admitted to the department of neurological intensive care unit (NICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from July 1 to August 20 in 2020 were enrolled. Under the condition of indoor temperature controlled at 25 centigrade, all patients were placed in the supine position, and the blood pressure, heart rate, PI of both fingers and thumb toes and arterial blood lactic acid were measured within 24 hours and 24-48 hours after NICU. The difference of four limbs PI at different time periods and its correlation with lactic acid were compared. Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to evaluate the predictive value of four limbs PI on patients with microcirculatory perfusion metabolic disorder.@*RESULTS@#A total of 44 patients with neurosis were enrolled, including 28 males and 16 females; average age (61.2±16.5) years old. There were no significant differences in PI of the left index finger and the right index finger [2.57 (1.44, 4.79) vs. 2.70 (1.25, 5.33)], PI of the left toe and the right toe [2.09 (0.85, 4.76) vs. 1.88 (0.74, 4.32)] within 24 hours after entering the NICU, and the PI of the left index finger and the right index finger [3.17 (1.49, 5.07) vs. 3.14 (1.33, 5.36)], PI of the left toe and the right toe [2.07 (0.75, 5.20) vs. 2.07 (0.68, 4.67)] at 24-48 hours after NICU admission (all P > 0.05). However, compared to the PI of the upper and lower limbs on the same side, except for the 24-48 hours after ICU of the PI difference between the left index finger and the left toe (P > 0.05), the PI of the toe was lower than that of the index finger at the other time periods (all P < 0.05). The correlation analysis showed that the PI value of four limbs of patients in both time periods were significantly negatively correlated with arterial blood lactic acid (the r values of the left index finger, the right index finger, the left toe and the right toe were -0.549, -0.482, -0.392 and -0.343 respectively within 24 hours after entering the NICU; the r values of the left index finger, the right index finger, the left toe and the right toe were -0.331, -0.292, -0.402 and -0.442 respectively after entering the NICU 24-48 hours, all P < 0.05). Taking lactic acid ≥ 2 mmol/L as the diagnostic standard for metabolic disorder of microcirculation perfusion (total 27 times, accounting for 30.7%). The efficacy of four limbs PI in predicting microcirculation perfusion metabolic disorder were compared. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) of left index finger, right index finger, left toe and right toe predicting microcirculation perfusion metabolic disorder were 0.729 (0.609-0.850), 0.767 (0.662-0.871), 0.722 (0.609-0.835), 0.718 (0.593-0.842), respectively. There was no significant difference in AUC compare with each other (all P > 0.05). The cut-off value of PI of right index finger for predicting microcirculation perfusion metabolic disorder was 2.46, the sensitivity was 70.4%, the specificity was 75.4%, the positive likelihood ratio was 2.86, and the negative likelihood ratio was 0.30.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are no significant differences in PI of bilateral index fingers, bilateral toes in patients with neurosis. However, unilateral upper and lower limbs showed lower PI in the toe than in the index finger. There is a significantly negatively correlation between PI and arterial blood lactic acid in all four limbs. PI can predict the metabolic disorder of microcirculation perfusion, and its cut-off value is 2.46.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Lactic Acid , Microcirculation , Perfusion Index , Lower Extremity , Area Under Curve , Nervous System Diseases
4.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 990-995, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005787

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the feasibility, safety and clinical application value of laparoscopic radical rectal cancer surgery with natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) by comparing the postoperative pathological data, surgery-related variables and postoperative recovery between laparoscopic radical rectal cancer surgery with NOSE and laparoscopic-assisted radical rectal cancer surgery. 【Methods】 A retrospective analysis was conducted on 74 patients who underwent radical rectal cancer surgery with anus preservation in the Department of General Surgery of The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from July 2017 to April 2022. Among them, 38 cases underwent surgery with specimen extraction through an abdominal auxiliary incision (auxiliary incision group), and 36 cases underwent surgery with specimen extraction through a natural orifice (NOSES group). The differences in the efficacy of the two surgeries were evaluated by comparing the postoperative pathological data, surgical variables, and postoperative recovery of the two groups. 【Results】 There were no statistically significant differences in general data and postoperative pathological data between the two groups (all P>0.05). The NOSES group exhibited significantly shorter operative time, time to first flatus, time to first oral intake postoperatively, and postoperative hospital stay compared to the auxiliary incision group (all P0.05). 【Conclusion】 Laparoscopic surgery with NOSE for rectal cancer is safe and feasible with minimally invasive and accelerated recovery, which is worth promoting and applying in clinical practice.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1313-1317, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978785

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the possible influence of long-term antiviral therapy with entecavir on renal function in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and the sensitive indicators for early identification of renal injury. Methods A cross-sectional real-world study was conducted for the clinical data of 125 CHB patients treated with entecavir for more than 1 year (treatment group) and 44 patients with chronic HBV infection who did not receive antiviral therapy (control group), including the changes in serum creatinine (SCr), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and the levels of urinary α1 microglobulin (α1-MG), β2 microglobulin (β2-MG), and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG). The chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups. The Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate independent influencing factors for abnormal urinary α1-MG, β2-MG, and NAG in the treatment group. Results There were no significant differences in SCr and eGFR between the treatment group and the control group ( t =0.999 and -1.259, P > 0.05), and both indices were within the normal range in these two groups. The treatment group had significantly higher abnormal rates of urinary α1-MG and β2-MG than the control group (47.2%/42.4% vs 13.6%/13.6%, χ 2 =15.693 and 12.567, both P 2×upper limit of normal (18.4%/21.6% vs 2.3%/4.5%, both P 0.05) and the proportion of patients with urinary NAG > 2×upper limit of normal (8.8% vs 6.8%, P > 0.05). Compared with the control group, the treatment group had a significantly higher proportion of patients with abnormalities in two or more indicators for renal tubular injury (33.6% vs 11.4%, χ 2 =8.519, P 0.05). Conclusion Long-term treatment of CHB with entecavir may be associated with the risk of renal tubular dysfunction, and abnormalities in more than two indicators for renal injury may help to identify renal tubular dysfunction in patients, so as to adjust related treatment in time.

6.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 791-796, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of vocal cord polyps and to study the application value of high-frequency ultrasound in the diagnosis of vocal cord polyps.Methods:A total of 169 patients diagnosed with vocal cord polyps ( 176 polyps in total ) by pathology in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from December 2016 to September 2021 were collected, the ultrasonic image characteristics of vocal cord polyps were summarized, and the characteristics of thyroid cartilage calcification at glottic level and the influence of the calcification range of thyroid cartilage at glottic level on the display of vocal cord polyps were observed.Results:The sonogram images of all vocal cord polyps showed the localized uniform low echo between the upper cortex and the ligament layer, the morphology could be circular and flat, and all polyps could be divided into high tension type and low tension type, no blood flow signal was found in 96.8% of the polyps. Round polyps were more easier to be detected by ultrasound than flat polyps, but there was no significant difference( P>0.05). The incidence of thyroid cartilage calcification at glottis level was higher in men than in women, and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). The range of thyroid cartilage calcification at the glottic level affects the display rate of vocal cord polyps.With the increase of calcification range, the display rate of vocal cord polyps gradually decreased. There was significant difference in the display rate of vocal cord polyps between non calcification group and moderate calcification group, non calcification group and severe calcification group(all P<0.05). Conclusions:Vocal cord polyps have typical sonographic appearance. High-frequency ultrasound can identify the morphology, location and size of vocal cord polyps. Especially for patients with no or mild calcification of thyroid cartilage at glottic level, ultrasound can meet the requirements of accurate diagnosis. It is expected to become an effective supplement to laryngoscopy, and apply for to the preliminary screening of vocal cord polyps and postoperative review.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 58-63, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973578

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of radiological diagnosis and treatment equipment and distribution of medical radiation levels in medical institutions at various levels in Shijiazhuang, China in 2019, and to lay a sound foundation for further radiation protection and management. Methods A universally designed questionnaire was used to investigate and compile data on the level of the sampled hospitals, the number of radiation workers, equipment information, the number of outpatients and emergency patients, the number of inpatients, and the frequency of radiological diagnosis and treatment; the application frequency of each radiological diagnosis and treatment item was calculated based on the demographic data of Shijiazhuang. Results In Shijiazhuang, there were 390 medical institutions (excluding dental clinics) certified for radiological diagnosis and treatment, with a total of 4262 radiation workers and 1215 radiological diagnosis and treatment devices; 1.11 radiological diagnosis and treatment devices were available per 10 000 people, and 3.89 radiation workers were available per 10 000 people. The number of annual outpatients and emergency patients was 30 208 471, the number of inpatients was 1 981 295, and the total number of people or times receiving radiological diagnosis and treatment was 5 987 230. The application frequency of medical radiation was 546.70 persons/times per 1000 people, with the highest frequency for X-ray diagnosis (534.63 persons/times per 1000 people), followed by diagnosis and treatment with nuclear medicine (6.16 persons/times per 1000 people), and the lowest frequency for radiotherapy (1.17 persons/times per 1000 people). In terms of regional distribution, the highest frequency of medical radiation fell in Yuhua District (1602.97 persons/times per 1000 people), and the lowest frequency fell in Shenze County (203.21 persons/times per 1000 people). Conclusion The development of medical radiation is imbalanced in Shijiazhuang, with high-quality medical resources concentrated mainly in the main urban area, thus resulting in long-term overworking of hospital staff and equipment in some areas. The government and health administration departments should strengthen macro-control and the rational allocation of medical resources; medical institutions at various levels should rationally use radiological diagnosis and treatment equipment, strengthen judgments on the justness of radiation, and strengthen the training of radiation workers on protection knowledge and radiation protection optimization.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 592-596, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965685

ABSTRACT

@#<b>Objective</b> To investigate the current situation of quality control in medical linear accelerators in Hebei Province, China. <b>Methods</b> The main performance indices of some medical linear accelerators in Hebei Province, 2019—2021 were tested according to the current relevant effective standards GB 15213—2016 <i>Medical Electron Accelerators-Functional Performance Characteristics and Test Methods</i> and WS 674—2020 <i>Specification for Testing of Quality Control in Medical Linear Accelerator</i>. <b>Results</b> A total of 175 medical linear accelerators were tested from 2019 to 2021, and the annual pass rates were 72.4% in 2019, 75.9% in 2020, and 79.4% in 2021. The overall pass rate of initial inspection was 76.0%, and the pass rate of reinspection was 100.0%. The index with the lowest pass rate in the initial inspection was square X radiation field uniformity, followed by dose deviation and square X radiation field symmetry. <b>Conclusion</b> Medical institutions should strengthen quality control management, conduct regular testing of medical linear accelerators, and timely correct dose deviation, so as to ensure the treatment effect of patients.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 86-90, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913156

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the difference in the prognosis of hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) caused by hepatitis recurrence after withdrawal of nucleos(t)ide analogues (NUC) and possible causes in HBeAg-positive versus HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. Methods A total of 108 CHB patients with HBV-ACLF caused by withdrawal of NUC who were admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from January 2017 to December 2018 were enrolled, and according to HBeAg status, these patients were divided into HBeAg-positive group with 57 patients and HBeAg-negative group with 51 patients. The two groups were compared in terms of sex, age, clinical manifestation, signs, levels of total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time/international normalized ratio, and HBV DNA quantification on admission, complications (including hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome, and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis), and prognosis of HBV-ACLF. In addition, 48 CHB patients with continuous NUC antiviral therapy for > 2 years and HBV DNA < 20 IU/mL were enrolled, and the serum level of HBV pgRNA was measured to investigate the possible causes of the difference in the prognosis of HBV-ACLF between the patients with different HBeAg statuses. The two-independent-samples t test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data. Results For the 108 patients with HBV-ACLF caused by drug withdrawal and recurrence, the HBeAg-positive group had an improvement rate of 49.1% and the HBeAg-negative group had an improvement rate of 74.5%. The HBeAg-negative group had a significantly higher improvement rate than the HBeAg-positive group ( χ 2 =2.811, P =0.006). The HBeAg-positive group had a significantly higher level of HBV DNA than the HBeAg-negative group on admission ( t =-3.138, P =0.002). For the 48 CHB patients who achieved virologic response after long-term antiviral therapy, the HBeAg-positive group had a significantly higher HBV pgRNA load than the HBeAg-negative group ( H =2.814, P =0.049). Conclusion Compared with the HBeAg-positive CHB patients, HBeAg-negative CHB patients have a significantly better improvement rate of HBV-ACLF caused by hepatitis recurrence after withdrawal of NUC antiviral therapy. The difference in baseline HBV pgRNA level may be associated with the difference in the prognosis of HBV-ACLF in patients with different HBeAg statuses.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 331-338, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883249

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer, and application value of a nomogram prediction model.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 228 patients with stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer who underwent radical resection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2013 to June 2016 were collected. There were 118 males and 110 females, aged from 25 to 87 years, with a median age of 62 years. All patients underwent open or laparoscopic-assisted radical resection of colon cancer. Observation indicators: (1) postoperative tumor recurrence; (2) risk factors analysis for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer; (3) development and evaluation of a nomogram prediction model for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect postoperative 3-year tumor recurrence up to June 2019. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Pearson chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Multivariate analysis was performed using Logistic stepwise regression analysis. The independent risk factors were included into R 3.6.1 software to construct a nomogram prediction model. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawed, and the area under curve (AUC) was used to evaluate discrimination of the nomogram prediction model. The calibration chart with R software was used to evaluate consistency of the nomogram prediction model. Results:(1)Postoperative tumor recurrence: 53 of 228 patients had postoperative tumor recurrence including 19 cases with locoregional recurrence and 34 cases with distant metastasis. Of the 34 patients with distant metastasis, there were 14 cases with liver metastasis, 7 cases with lung metastasis, 4 cases with brain metastasis, and 9 cases with multiple metastasis or isolated metastasis in other sites. The time to recurrence was 12 months (range, 6-19 months). (2) Risk factors analysis for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer:results of univariate analysis showed that bowel obstruction, preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level, ascites, vascular invasion were related factors for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer ( χ2=4.463, 13.622, 10.914, 5.911, P<0.05). Pathological N stage was also a related factor for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer ( P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that preoperative CEA level >5 μg/L, ascites, vascular invasion and pathological N stage as stage N1 or N2 were independent risk factors for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer ( odds ratio=3.129, 3.071, 7.634, 3.439, 15.467, 95% confidence interval as 1.328-7.373, 1.047-9.007, 1.103-52.824, 1.422-8.319, 3.498-68.397, P<0.05). (3) Development and evaluation of a nomogram prediction model for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer: based on preoperative CEA level, ascites, vascular invasion and pathological N stage of multivariate analysis, a nomogram prediction model for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer was developed using R 3.6.1 software. The nomogram score was 41.7 for preoperative CEA level >5 μg/L, 41.0 for ascites, 74.2 for vascular invasion, 45.1 and 100.0 for pathological N stage as stage N1 and N2, respectively. The total of different scores for risk factors corresponded to the probability of postoperative recurrence. The ROC of nomogram for recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer was drawed,with the AUC of 0.805(95% confidence interval as 0.737-0.873, P<0.05). The calibration chart showed a good consistency between the probability of recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer predicted by nomogram and the actual probability of postoperative recurrence. Conclusions:Preoperative CEA level >5 μg/L, ascites, vascular invasion and pathological N stage as stage N1 or N2 are independent risk factors for tumor recurrence after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer. The nomogram prediction model contributes to prediction of the recurrent risks after radical resection of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ colon cancer.

11.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 711-716, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression levels of interferon-α receptor (IFNAR), interferon-stimulated gene factor 3(ISGF3), double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase(PKR) and ribonuclease L (RNase L) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treated with interferon.Methods:From July 2014 to June 2017, 41 treatment naive CHB patients were enrolled in the Department of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. Eighteen patients were treated with polyethylene glycol interferon α-2b, and 23 patients were treated with conventional interferon. The mRNA and protein expression levels of IFNAR1, IFNAR2, ISGF3, PKR and RNase L in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively. The differences of these molecular expression levels in PBMC between the effective and ineffective groups were compared. The data were analyzed by t test. Results:After 24 weeks of treatment, 25 cases were effective, while 16 cases were ineffective. At four weeks of treatment, the mRNA expression levels of IFNAR1, IFNAR2 and PKR in PBMC of the effective group were 0.748±0.129, 1.169±0.125 and 1.047±0.091, respectively, which were all higher than those in the ineffective group (0.591±0.021, 0.689±0.059 and 0.791±0.033, respectively). The differences were statistically significant ( t=-4.304, 16.482 and -5.346, respectively, all P<0.01). The mRNA expressions of ISGF3 and RNase L in PBMC of the effective group were 0.739±0.159 and 0.780±0.140, respectively, while those in the ineffective group were 0.690±0.035 and 0.733±0.122, respectively, which were not significantly different ( t=-0.160 and -1.443, respectively, both P>0.05). The mRNA expression levels of IFNAR1, IFNAR2, ISGF3, PKR and RNase L at baseline, week eight, 12 and 24 of treatment in the effective group were all higher than those in the ineffective group (all P<0.01). The protein expression levels of IFNAR1, IFNAR2, ISGF3, PKR and RNase L in the effective group were all higher than those in the ineffective group (all P<0.01). Conclusion:After interferon treatment, the mRNA and protein expression levels of IFNAR1, IFNAR2, ISGF3, PKR and RNase L in PBMC of CHB patients are all increased, especially IFNAR2 and PKR levels increase in the early stage of treatment (four weeks).

12.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 653-658, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the multiple mediating effects of cognitive fusion and network communication in the relationship between interpersonal relationship and mobile phone addiction tendency in college students.Methods:Questionnaire survey was conducted among 708 college students in a medical school using the mobile addiction tendency scale, E-communication inventory, Interpersonal relationship assessment scale and cognitive fusion questionnaire.SPSS 17.0 software was used for descriptive statistics and correlation analysis.Structural equation model was built with AMOS 21.0.The non parametric percentile bootstrap method with variance correction was used to test the significance of mediating effect.Results:(1) The sample mobile phone dependence detection rate was 13.56%.(2)There were statistical differences in conversation scores((3.49±1.85), (2.51±1.64)), making friends ((4.53±1.83), (3.21±1.72)), getting along with opposite gender((2.70±1.55), (2.01±1.60)), dealing with people disturbance(2.02(1.00, 3.00), 1.46(0.00, 2.00))between different mobile phone addiction tendency( t/ Z=2.752-5.072, P<0.05). There were statistical differences in cognitive fusion ((40.60±7.55), (33.91±7.95)) between different mobile phone addiction tendency( t/ Z=5.385, P<0.05). There were statistical differences in negative results of network communication((28.60±6.77), (23.31±7.03)), social perception of network communication((32.36±6.68), (29.17±7.82)), self exposure and emotional experience of network((23.36±6.61), (18.18±6.30)), cognition of network communication((28.19±6.85), (22.75±6.76)), entertainment of network ((6.74±1.81), (6.00±1.67)) between different mobile phone addiction tendency( t/ Z=2.647~5.195, P<0.05). (3) There was a statistically significant positive correlation between interpersonal relationship, mobile phone addiction tendency, cognitive fusion, and E-communication inventory scores ( r=0.226-0.423, P<0.01). (4) Multi-mediating model analysis showed that interpersonal relationship could affect mobile phone addiction tendency through cognitive fusion and network communication not only in a parallel way but also in a chain way.The direct effect from interpersonal relationship to mobile phone addiction tendency was 0.20, and the total indirect effect from interpersonal disturbance to mobile phone addiction tendency through cognitive fusion and network communication was 0.18.And the effects of cognitive fusion, network communication, and the chain mediating accounted for 50.0%, 33.3%, and 16.7% of the total indirect effect respectively.The 95% CI of the Bootstrap output were (0.04-0.19), (0.02-0.14)and(0.01-0.05). Conclusions:College students' interpersonal disturbances affect mobile phone addiction tendency through multiple mediations of cognitive fusion and online communication.

13.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 534-539, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797353

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the efficacy of glucocorticoid (GC) therapy on hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), and the effectiveness and safety of voriconazole (VCZ) in preventing pulmonary Aspergillus infection in HBV-ACLF patients treated with GC.@*Methods@#Two hundred and thirty-two patients with HBV-ACLF were enrolled from January 2016 to December 2018 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. They were divided into non-GC group (104 cases), GC group (74 cases), and GC+ VCZ group (54 cases). The observation period was four months. The baseline liver function, the incidence of pulmonary Aspergillus infection, the survival rate during observation period, and the incidence of complications were compared among the three groups. The adverse reactions of VCZ were observed to identify the best dose for prevention. Quantitative data were analyzed by analysis of variance or rank sum test. Count data were analyzed by chi-square test or Fisher exact test.@*Results@#The baseline liver functions were not significantly different among the three groups (all P>0.05). The incidence of pulmonary Aspergillus infection in the GC group (22.97%(17/74)) was both higher than that in the non-GC group (5.77%(6/104)) and GC+ VCZ group (1.85%(1/54)), the differences were both statistically signifrcant (χ2=11.373 and 9.843, respectively, both P<0.01). The overall mortality rate of HBV-ACLF patients with pulmonary Aspergillus infection was 79.2%(19/24). The survival rate in non-GC group (37.5%(39/104)) showed no statistical difference with that in GC group (39.19%(29/74), χ2=0.052, P=0.819). The survival rate of GC+ VCZ group (66.67%(36/54)) was significantly higher than that in GC group and non-GC group (χ2 =12.126 and 9.431, respectively, both P<0.01). The blood concentrations of VCZ were randomly measured in 16 patients from the GC+ VCZ group, and the range was 0.82-5.38 mg/L, with no evident adverse reactions.@*Conclusions@#The GC treatment is effective in HBV-ACLF patients in early stage. The VCZ treatment effectively reduces the incidence of pulmonary Aspergillus infection in HBV-ACLF patients receiving GC treatment and increases the survival rate. Oral VCZ (200 mg/d) treatment has a stable blood concentration in HBV-ACLF patients, with rare adverse reactions and good safety.

14.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 534-539, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791236

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy of glucocorticoid (GC) therapy on hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF),and the effectiveness and safety of voriconazole (VCZ) in preventing pulmonary Aspergillus infection in HBV-ACLF patients treated with GC.Methods Two hundred and thirty-two patients with HBV-ACLF were enrolled from January 2016 to December 2018 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.They were divided into non-GC group (104 cases),GC group (74 cases),and GC + VCZ group (54 cases).The observation period was four months.The baseline liver function,the incidence of pulmonary Aspergillus infection,the survival rate during observation period,and the incidence of complications were compared among the three groups.The adverse reactions of VCZ were observed to identify the best dose for prevention.Quantitative data were analyzed by analysis of variance or rank sum test.Count data were analyzed by chi-square test or Fisher exact test.Results The baseline liver functions were not significantly different among the three groups (all P> 0.05).The incidence of pulmonary Aspergillus infection in the GC group (22.97% (17/74)) was both higher than that in the non-GC group (5.77% (6/104)) and GC + VCZ group (1.85% (1/54)),the differences were both statistically signifrcant (x2=11.373 and 9.843,respectively,both P<0.01).The overall mortality rate of HBV-ACLF patients with pulmonary Aspergillus infection was 79.2% (19/24).The survival rate in non-GC group (37.5% (39/104)) showed no statistical difference with that in GC group (39.19% (29/74),x2=0.052,P =0.819).The survival rate of GC + VCZ group (66.67% (36/54)) was significantly higher than that in GC group and non-GC group (x2 =12.126 and 9.431,respectively,both P <0.01).The blood concentrations of VCZ were randomly measured in 16 patients from the GC + VCZ group,and the range was 0.82-5.38 mg/L,with no evident adverse reactions.Conclusions The GC treatment is effective in HBV-ACLF patients in early stage.The VCZ treatment effectively reduces the incidence of pulmonary Aspergillus infection in HBV-ACLF patients receiving GC treatment and increases the survival rate.Oral VCZ (200 mg/d) treatment has a stable blood concentration in HBV-ACLF patients,with rare adverse reactions and good safety.

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Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1688-1693, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778389

ABSTRACT

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is the most common type of liver failure in China, and it has complicated clinical manifestations and high mortality. When the patients experience ACLF complicated by acute kidney injury (AKI), they tend to have a prolonged length of hospital stay and a high risk of multiple organ failure, which always suggests poor prognosis. This article briefly describes the advances in the definition, causative factors, prognostic evaluation, diagnostic markers, and treatment of ACLF complicated by AKI. It is pointed out that early identification, diagnosis, and intervention of AKI helps to reverse kidney injury and avoid the development of severe AKI.

16.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 72-74, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489166

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics and clinical features of Zika virus disease,and to improve its prophylaxis and treatment.Methods The first case with imported Zika virus disease in China was retrospectively reported and analyzed.The literature of Zika virus infection in human was reviewed.Results This patient was the first case with imported Zika virus disease in China who presented with typical clinical characteristics and had clear epidemiological history.All the contacts were test negative for Zika virus nucleic acid.Literature retrieval showed evidence of Zika virus propagation in more than 40 countries in Africa,Asia,and Americas.The majority of patients presented with mild symptoms and the main prevention measures included mosquito control and improved awareness of personal protection.Conclusions Human infected with Zika virus often shows recessive infection.Only a small part develop disease and have generally good prognosis with supportive treatment.

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Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 103-110, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488536

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the impact of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and its antagonist on the expressions of intestinal mucosa claudin-1,Zonula Occludens-1 (ZO-1) and myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) in rat models of acute liver failure.Methods Fifty four healthy male SpragueDawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into normal control group,model group and intervention group according to a random number table.Rats in normal control (n=6) group were intraperitoneally injected with 0.9% saline (12 mL/kg).Rats in model group (n=24) and intervention group (n=24) were intraperitoneally injected with a full dose of D-galactosamine (D-GalN) at a dose of 1 200 mg/kg to establish model of acute liver failure,while rats in intervention group were intraperitoneally injected with TNF-α antagonists (rhTNFR∶Fc) at a dose of 12.5 mg/kg before 24 hours given D-GalN.At each time point of hour 8,24,48 and 72,six rats in both model group and the intervention group were sacrificed,respectively,while the normal control group were all anesthetized and sacrificed at 72 h.Models were repeated five times.Serum liver function was detected by biochemical method,and serum TNF-α level was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) stained sections of liver and terminal ileum were examined under an optical microscope for pathological changes;and protein expression of the terminal ileum Claudin-1,ZO-1 protein and MLCK were determined by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.Means among groups were compared with t test.Results Acute liver failure was successfully induced in the D-GalN injected rats.In the model group,alanine aminotransferase (ALT) began to decline,total bilirubin continued to rise,and enzyme-jaundice separation developed at hour 72.But total bilirubin in intervention group at hour 72 was decreased.Light microscope showed that at hour 72,villus lodged at terminal ileum in the model group with part of villus tip failing off in the model group.Villus mucosa and submucosa interstitial were edema and infiltrated with numerous neutrophils.The terminal ileum kept integrate in the intervention group,and villus mucosa and submucosa were mild edema and only infiltrated with a small amount of neutrophil.Expressions of tumor necrosis necrosis factor (TNF)-α in rats of model group and intervention group were gradually increased and peaked at hour 24 ([239.83 ± 15.81] and [182.71± 17.08] ng/L,respectively),which were significantly higher than that of the control group ([24.19±3.57] ng/L,t=22.68and 15.73,respectively;both P<0.01).Expression of serumTNF-α in the intervention group was significantly lower than that of model group (t=4.58,P<0.01).Expressions of Claudin-1 and ZO-1 in model group decreased gradually at an early stage and reached the lowest level at hour 24 (0.355 ± 0.068 and 0.387 ± 0.091,respectively),which were both significantly lower than that of control group (1.640±0.188 and 1.015±0.150,respectively;t=12.87 and 7.14,respectively;both P<0.01).In the intervention group,expressions of Claudin-1 and ZO-1 also decreased to the lowest level at hour 24 (1.051 ± 0.370 and 0.642 ± 0.082,respectivley),which were both significantly lower than that of control group (t =2.84 and 4.36,respectively;both P<0.05),but significantly higher than model group with stastically difference (t =3.70 and 4.15,respectively;both P<0.01).MLCK protein levels in the model and intervention group were gradually increased,which peaked at hour 24 (1.298±0.194 and 1.033 ± 0.073,respectively),significantly higher than the control group (0.460±0.069,t=8.16 and 11.44,both P<0.01);and MLCK in the intervention group was lower than that in the model group with statistically difference (t=2.56,P<0.05).Conclusions Expression of serum TNF-α in rat model of acute liver failure increases,which leads to decreased expression of Claudin-1 and ZO-1,and increased expression of MLCK,makes cell shrunk and cell gap increased.TNF-α antagonist could significantly reduce the inflammation and liver cell apoptosis,improve liver function by inhibiting MLCK expression and preventing decrease of Claudin-1 and ZO-1 proteins.

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Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 713-716, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506946

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence and risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI)in hepatitis B virus (HBV)related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF)patients,and to explore the impact of AKI on the prognosis of ACLF.Methods The medical records of 227 patients who were diagnosed with HBV-related ACLF at the Department of Infectious Diseases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from January 2015 to August 2016 were retrospectively reviewed.Patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group based on the AKI criteria published by International Club of Ascites in 2015 .Demographic and clinical data were compared between groups.The AKI incidence and its impact on patients’prognosis were analyzed.The comparison of continuous variables was done by t test or rank-sum test.The comparison of categorical variables was done byχ2 test or Fisher exact test.AKI risk factors were analyzed by using logistic regression.Results There were 66 (29.1 %)cases were diagnosed with AKI among 227 ACLF patients,among which,45 patients (68.2%)were stage Ⅰ,14 (21 .2%) were stage Ⅱ and 7 (10.6%)were stage Ⅲ.Age,cirrhosis,concentrations of total bilirubin and albumin,international normalized ratio (INR),percentage of neutrophils,MELD scores and spontaneous peritonitis rate (SBP)were all statistically different between AKI group and non-AKI group (all P <0.05).The binary logistic regression analysis revealed that only INR (OR=3.132,P =0.001 )and SBP (OR=4.204,P =0.001 )were the independent risk factors of AKI.The optimal cut-off value for INR was 2.025 with AUROC of 0.609 (P =0.01),sensitivity of 59.1 % and specificity of 62.1 %.The 30-day mortality of AKI group was significantly higher than non-AKI group (χ2= 18.324,P < 0.01). Conclusions AKI is relatively common in patients with ACLF.The risk factors of AKI are INR and SBP. AKI has significant impact on the short-term survival rate of ACLF.Therefore,physicians should pay attention to patients with INR of ACLF at admissions and SBP during the management so as to prevent the occurrence of AKI and to reduce the fatality of ACLF.

19.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care ; (6): 317-321, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463903

ABSTRACT

Objective To collect the data of present basic constructive situation of intensive care units (ICUs) in second and tertiary grade hospitals in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and to provide a data base beneficial to the construction of ICUs in the whole region.Methods The information including basic situation of ICUs in a total of 49 second and tertiary grade hospitals as samples in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region were investigated by questionnaire survey from December 2012 to April 2013. The contents of questionnaire chiefly included the basic situations of hospitals, ICU constructions, ICU human resources and allocation of equipments.Results Forty-nine questionnaires were sent out, and all of them gave answers, the recovery rate being 100%. In the whole region of Xinjiang, there were 49 second and tertiary grade hospitals with establishment of 66 various types of ICUs. ① Medical unit basic situation: the second grade A hospitals accounted for 59.2%, and the tertiary grade A hospitals, 34.7%. There was a larger proportion of local hospitals (67.3%); most of the hospitals had beds over 500 (57.14%), the designed hospital bed number was 41 403, and 35 442 beds were open up for service (85.60%). ② The ICU basic construction situation: the construction of ICUs concentrated mainly after the year 2000, from 2000 to 2010, a total of 37 units, and from 2010 to 2012, 12 units were constructed; when they opened to the public, the beds were relatively few, and the ICUs containing less than 10 beds occupied 79.00%. In the 66 ICUs surveyed, there were 43 general ICUs, accounting the largest proportion, followed by 7 emergency ICUs, and the least were 1 neurosurgery and 1 cardiac surgery ICU. In the 66 ICUs, all together 765 beds were prepared, but actually 808 beds were opening up to public; most of ICUs had 5 - 20 beds, accounting for 71% in all the ICUs. At present, in the whole Xinjiang region, the rate of beds in ICUs in various grades of hospitals opening to the outside for use accounted for more than 80% of which 56% ICUs were almost turning round fully. ③ ICU human resources situation: totally, there were 484 doctors in ICUs in the whole region, the ratio of full-time doctor to nurses was 1:3.50, the ratio for bed to physician 1:0.55 and the ratio for bed to nurse 1:0.92. The title of doctor was primarily resident, and the various title gradient levels were good. Most doctors graduated from a regular medical college, and the doctors having obtained a master degree were few. The physician professional backgrounds were mainly critical disease medicine, emergency medicine and respiratory medicine, the professional relevance being good; the chief way of ICU physicians to engage in advanced study of their professional training was in China, and generally they joined professional continuing education programs poorly, mostly joining once a year or non at all. The physicians who obtained the identification of Chinese critical care medicine specialist accounted only for 23.56%. ④ ICU equipment allocation situation: according to the requirements of ICU construction guidelines, the equipments must be allocated including bedside monitors (703 units), ventilators (516 units) and infusion pumps (702 units), occupying the highest proportion. In the optional equipments, there were enteral nutritional pump (89 stations), blood glucose monitoring device (57 units) and anti-decubitus mattresses (54 units), the proportion being the largest, bispectral index monitor (2 units), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO, 1 table) and gastric mucosal carbon dioxide tension pHi meter (0 unit), the proportion being the least or non at all.Conclusions In the whole Xinjiang region, the construction of ICUs is still at the developing stage, and needs to further strengthen the standardized construction. The human resources, equipments, etc. are not distributed in balance, and it is necessary to move forward the adjustment to benefit the development of ICUs in the whole region.

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Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 932-937, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337062

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the intestinal expression of defensin-5 (RD-5), soluble phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) and lysozyme in acute liver failure (ALF) using rat models, and to determine the relation of these expressions to intestinal bacterial translocation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-eight healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into a control group (n=8) and a model group (n=40; intraperitoneal injection of 10% D-galactosamine). The model group was further divided into five subgroups according to the time lapse after model establishment (8, 16, 24, 48, and 72 hours). At the end of the experiments, homogenates of mesenteric lymph nodes, liver and spleen were cultured in agar for bacterial outgrowth.Hematoxylin-eosin stained sections of liver and terminal ileum were examined under an optical microscope to assess pathological changes. mRNA expression of RD-5, sPLA2 and lysozyme in the terminal ileum was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase reaction (RT-PCR), and protein expression of sPLA2 and lysozyme from the same anatomic location was determined by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Means between groups were compared with one-way analysis of variance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ALF was successfully induced in the D-galactosamine injected rats. No bacteria grew in the organ cultures from the control group, while 8.3%, 37.5% and 58.3% of the rats in the 24-, 48-and 72-hour model groups showed positive cultures. Despite this, the structure of the terminal ileum from the rats in the 72-hour model group was nearly intact, without obvious necrosis of mucosal epithelial cells. Expression of RD-5 and sPLA2 mRNA in the model groups gradually increased at early time points and peaked at 16 hours after induction of ALF (1.291+/-0.153 and 1.131+/-0.128), which was significantly higher than that detected in the control group (0.725+/-0.116 and 0.722+/-0.112, t=69.25, 95.71, all P<0.01). After that, the expression of RD-5 and sPLA2 mRNA progressively decreased, and by 72 hours after the induction of ALF, the expression (0.415+/-0.104 and 0.425+/-0.076) was significantly lower than that of the control group (t=31.55 and 44.98, all P<0.01). Lysozyme mRNA expression in the model group peaked at 8 hours after ALF induction (1.211+/-0.107), which was higher than that of the control group at this time point (0.853+/-0.093), and by 72 hours after ALF induction it declined to 0.704+/-0.103, which was significantly lower than that of the control group (t=9.224; all P=0.009). In addition, at 72 hours after ALF induction the protein expression of both lysozyme and sPLA2 was significantly lower in the model group (0.327+/-0.086 and 0.382+/-0.057) than in the control group (0.583+/-0.121 and 0.650+/-0.093, t=12.28 and 15.83, P=0.004 and 0.001). Similar results were obtained with immunohistochemical staining.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The function of the ileal mucosal immune barrier in the rat model of acute liver failure decreased, along with decreases in expression of RD-5, sPLA2 and lysozyme in the Paneth cells.At the same time, the rate of organ bacterial translocation increased without obvious injury to the intestinal mucosa structure.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bacterial Translocation , Defensins , Disease Models, Animal , Galactosamine , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Intestines , Liver Failure, Acute , Muramidase , Phospholipases A2 , Protein Precursors , RNA, Messenger , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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