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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 24-34, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006505

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To construct a radiomics model for identifying clinical high-risk carotid plaques. Methods     A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients with carotid artery stenosis in China-Japan Friendship Hospital from December 2016 to June 2022. The patients were classified as a clinical high-risk carotid plaque group and a clinical low-risk carotid plaque group according to the occurrence of stroke, transient ischemic attack and other cerebrovascular clinical symptoms within six months. Six machine learning models including eXtreme Gradient Boosting, support vector machine, Gaussian Naive Bayesian, logical regression, K-nearest neighbors and artificial neural network were established. We also constructed a joint predictive model combined with logistic regression analysis of clinical risk factors. Results    Finally 652 patients were collected, including 427 males and 225 females, with an average age of 68.2 years. The results showed that the prediction ability of eXtreme Gradient Boosting was the best among the six machine learning models, and the area under the curve (AUC) in validation dataset was 0.751. At the same time, the AUC of eXtreme Gradient Boosting joint prediction model established by clinical data and carotid artery imaging data validation dataset was 0.823. Conclusion     Radiomics features combined with clinical feature model can effectively identify clinical high-risk carotid plaques.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 87-90, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the satisfaction of clinical interns to the department and teachers under the merging mode of standardized residency training and clinical practice, and to explore the feasibility to further implement the mode in clinical practice.Methods:Cluster sampling was used to design the scale, which included the importance attached by department to the teaching work, the rationality of the arrangement of practice content, the implementation of teaching activities, the quality of teaching activities, the status of out-department examination, the demonstration of medical ethics of teachers, the teaching attitude and knowledge lecturing of teachers, the revision of medical records and the guidance of skills operation, etc. The questionnaire survey was conducted among clinical interns in a hospital from July 2018 to June 2019. SPSS 22.0 was used to conduct t test or rank sum test of two independent samples, and the analysis of multiple groups of data was performed by means of variance analysis. Results:A total of 1 230 questionnaires were sent out, and 1 195 were returned, with an effective recovery rate of 97.15%. The overall satisfaction of interns was (9.62±0.39). The interns gave the highest evaluation on the medical ethics and medical style of the teacher (9.75±0.78), and the lowest evaluation on the teaching quality of all departments (9.52±1.15). There were significant differences among the evaluations ( F=7.30, P<0.001). Conclusion:Under the merging mode of standardized residency training and clinical practice management, all teaching and research sections and departments have fulfilled various teaching tasks according to the requirements, but the teaching quality and connotation construction need to be further strengthened.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1452-1457, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997054

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To identify the preoperative risk factors for prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) after pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE). Methods    The clinical data of patients who underwent PTE from December 2016 to August 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups according to the postoperative mechanical ventilation time, including a postoperative mechanical ventilation time≤48 h group (≤48 h group) and a postoperative mechanical ventilation time>48 h (PMV) group (>48 h group). Univariable and logistic regression analysis were used to identify the preoperative risk factors for postoperative PMV. Results    Totally, 90 patients were enrolled in this study. There were 40 patients in the ≤48 h group, including 30 males and 10 females, with a mean age of 45.48±12.72 years, and there were 50 patients in the >48 h group, including 29 males and 21 females, with a mean age of 55.50±10.42 years. The results showed that in the ≤48 h group, the median postoperative ICU stay was 3.0 days, and the median postoperative hospital stay was 15.0 days; in the >48 h group, the median postoperative ICU stay was 7.0 days, and the median postoperative hospital stay was 20.0 days. The postoperative PMV was significantly correlated with tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) [OR=0.839, 95%CI (0.716, 0.983), P=0.030], age [OR=1.082, 95%CI (1.034, 1.132), P=0.001] and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) [OR=1.001, 95%CI (1.000, 1.003), P=0.028]. Conclusion    Age and PVR are the preoperative risk factors for PMV after PTE, and TAPSE is the preoperative protective factor for PMV after PTE.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 245-251, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932397

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the configuration and systolic function of the left ventricle in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) by routine ultrasound, two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging and three-dimensional echocardiography, and to observe the recovery after pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA).Methods:The patients who were diagnosed with CTEPH, underwent PEA and had no left heart disease were enrolled as the CTEPH group ( n=30) in the China-Japan Friendship Hospital from November 2016 and June 2021. The right heart catheterization data before and after surgery were recorded. In the meantime, gender- and age-matched healthy individuals who sought for physical examination during the same period were included as the control group ( n=23). Echocardiography findings before and after PEA were comparatively analyzed and compared between the two groups, including left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd), right and left ventricular cross-section ratio (RVd/LVd), left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS), left ventricular end-diastolic/systolic volume index (LVEDVi/LVESVi), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular stroke volume (LVSV). Associations between the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP)/pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and left ventricular function were discussed. Results:When compared with the control group, the LVEDd, LVEDVi, LVESVi, LVSV, LVGLS and the mitral early to late diastolic flow velocity ratio (E/A) in the CTEPH group were lower (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding LVEF, cardiac output (CO), and cardiac index (CI) (all P>0.05). There were no statistical differences of the left ventricular volume and LVSV between PEA group and the control group (both P>0.05), while the LVGLS and E/A remained lower (both P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed negative associations between mPAP and LVSV as well as E/A ( r=-0.490, -0.455; both P<0.05). Conclusions:There are changes in left ventricular configuration with abnormal filling pattern and potential systolic dysfunction in CTEPH patients. The PEA surgery could lead to recovery of the left ventricular configuration and volume, but the filling pattern and LVGLS at follow-up can not recover completely.

5.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 767-773, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907708

ABSTRACT

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized disorder characterized by elevated serum IgG4 levels and infiltration of IgG4 positive blood cells in the affected organs. However, other conditions like malignancy as well as connective tissue diseases, may show similar findings. A 56-year-old male patient visited Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University for recurrent fever and chest pain for more than 1 month. Preliminary tests diagnosed as IgG4-related lung disease (IgG4-RLD). However, the improvement of symptoms was absent after the treatment with methylprednisolone. The patient underwent the second biopsy and the result eventually demonstrated lung adenocarcinoma. The role of IgG4 in the pathogenesis or prognosis for lung adenocarcinoma remains unclear. Therefore, a thorough evaluation of symptoms, test of specific serum markers and eventually pathological confirmation are required to avoid misdiagnosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 679-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911095

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the pathological results and complications of limited and extended pelvic lymph node dissection among high-risk prostate cancer patients, and to explore the risk factors that affect the rate of lymph node metastasis in high-risk prostate cancer patients.Methods:The data of 800 high-risk prostate cancer patients who underwent radical prostatectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection from January 2016 to December 2020 in three affiliated hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were analyzed retrospectively. According to the scope of pelvic lymph node dissection, they were divided into limited pelvic lymph node dissection (LPLND) group and extended pelvic lymph node dissection (EPLND) group. There were 172 patients underwent LPLND, and 628 patients underwent EPLND.The age of the patients in the LPLND group was 67 (62, 72) years old, diagnosed PSA 20.7 (10.9, 54.8) ng/ml. The biopsy Gleason score 6 in 22 cases, 7 in 59 cases, 8 in 56 cases and 9-10 in 35 cases.The clinical T stage: T 1 in 29 cases, T 2 in 102 cases, T 3 in 37 cases, T 4 in 4 cases; N 0 in 160 cases and N 1 in 12 cases. 50 patients received neoadjuvant hormonal therapy. The age of patients in the EPLND group was 67 (63, 72) years old, diagnosed PSA was 23.9 (14.0, 46.8) ng/ml. Biopsy Gleason Score 6 in 51 cases, 7 in 194 cases, 8 in 218 cases and 9-10 in 165 cases. Clinical T stage: T 1 in 114 cases, T 2 in 341 cases, T 3 in 144 cases, T 4 in 29 cases; N 0 in 526 cases and N 1 in 102 cases.158 patients received neoadjuvant hormonal therapy. There were no significant differences in the age, PSA, puncture Gleason score, clinical T stage, and whether or not to receive neoadjuvant hormonal therapy between the two groups of patients ( P>0.05). The difference in clinical N staging was statistically significant ( P=0.002). The number of postoperative lymph nodes, positive pelvic lymph nodes and postoperative complications and other related clinical and pathological data of the two groups were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of patients with positive lymph nodes. Results:The median number of lymph nodes harvested [13(8, 19)vs. 6(4, 13), P<0.001] and the rate of positive lymph node cases[31.2%(196/628) vs. 10.5%(18/172), P<0.001] in the EPLND group was significantly higher than those in the LPLND group. Preoperative PSA, clinical N staging, Gleason score, and way of lymph node dissection were independent risk factors for postoperative positive pelvic lymph node in high-risk prostate cancer patients. Compared with the LPLND group, the ELPND group had a higher postoperative complication rate [19.9%(125/628) vs. 11.0%(11/172), P=0.007]. Conclusions:Compared with the LPLND, EPLND in high-risk prostate cancer patients can harvest more lymph nodes and increase the detection rate of positive lymph nodes. The complications of EPLND were higher than those of LPLND. Preoperative PSA, clinical N stage, Gleason score, and the way of lymph node dissection are independent risk factors for positive pelvic lymph node dissection.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 666-669, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911092

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of fluorescent retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in the comprehensive treatment of lymph node recurrence after radical prostatectomy (RP).Methods:From January 2017 to December 2020, 25 patients with lymph node recurrence diagnosed by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT after RP in our hospital were enrolled in this study. The patients were 67 (59-77) years old. The median PSA was 7.7 (0.5-12.6) ng/ml at lymph node recurrence, and was treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), suggesting hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. Before recurrence, 4 cases were in T 2 stage, 17 cases in T 3, 4 cases in T 4, 10 cases in N 0, and 15 cases in N 1stage, 25 cases in M 0stage. 2 cases diagnosed as ISUP grade group <3, 9 cases in group 4, and 14 cases in group 5. The median time from radical resection to recurrence was 43 (27-56) months. All 25 cases were diagnosed as lymph node recurrence by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT examination. Fluorescence retroperitoneal lymph node dissection was performed. Pelvic lymph nodes were detected in the dark field under the fluorescence mode, and positive lymph nodes were found. The white light mode was switched, and the lymph nodes were cleaned, and recorded. For metastatic lymph nodes indicated by preoperative PSMA PET/CT, routine dissection was performed regardless of whether the lymph nodes were fluorescently positive or not. The only routine examination was performed if there were no lymph nodes with fluorescently positive staining in other sites. Perioperative data, biochemical recurrence (BCR) rate, radiological recurrence (RAR) rate, and follow-up data were collected and analyzed. Results:25 patients were pathologically diagnosed with lymph node metastasis. The median lymph node dissection time was 21(15-28) min, estimated blood loss was 30(20-50) ml, hospital days was 4(3-5)d without any severe complications (<Clavien 2). Lymph node dissection and postoperative pathology: 25 cases were pathologically confirmed as lymph node metastasis. 43 lymph nodes of 25 cases were dissected, among which, 37 lymph nodes showed fluorescent positive, 32 lymph nodes were confirmed as metastatic pathologically. The median number of dissected lymph nodes was 2 (1-3). All 25 cases were followed up, with a median follow-up time of 27 (15-57) months. 24 cases achieved complete PSA response (PSA<0.2 ng/ml) in this study, of which 1 case developed BCR 6 months after surgery, and 1 case developed RAR 12 months after complete PSA response (ilium, PSA was 0.33 ng/ml). 1 case did not reach the PSA response and progressed to castration-resistant prostate cancer within 3 months after the operation.Conclusions:For patients diagnosed with lymph node recurrence by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT examination, fluorescence imaging retroperitoneal lymph node dissection has a relatively small surgical range, few intraoperative complications and a low postoperative recurrence rate.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1048-1053, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910267

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigatethe relationship between right ventricular blood flow components and right ventricular function in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) by 4D-FLOW cardiovascular MR (4D-FLOW CMR).Methods:Thirty patients with PH were prospectively enrolled in this study. All patients underwent right heart catheterization to measure hemodynamics and CMR to measure right ventricular blood flow and right ventricular function within 1 week. The long-axis 4-chamber and contiguous short axis cineslices were acquired with balanced steady-state free precession sequence to calculate RV functional metrics including right ventricular end diastolic volume, end systolic volume, ejection fraction, stroke output and other functional parameters. Ventricular flow was acquired in sagittal direction, using a 3D retrospectively ECG-triggered, navigator-gated prototype sequence to analyze.RV function and flow parameters were correlated with Spearman correlation analysis.Results:Right ventricular percent of direction flow(RVPDF),percent of delayed eject flow (RVPDEF),percent of retained flow (RVPRI) and percent of residual volume(RVPRV) of PH patients measured with 4D-FLOW were 16.4%±9.2%, 16.1%±5.6%, 16.8%±6.1%, and 50.5%±12.3%, respectively. RVPDF negatively correlated with RVPRVo ( r=-0.703, P<0.001) while RVPDEF positively correlated with RVPRI( r=0.955, P<0.001). RVPDF was positively correlated with right ventricular stroke volume index (RVSVI)( r=0.38, P=0.041) and right ventricular eject fraction(RVEF)( r=0.69, P<0.001), and negatively correlated with right ventricular end systolic volume index(RVESVI)( r=-0.65, P<0.001) and right ventricular mass index(RVMI)( r=-0.45, P=0.004). RVPRVo was negatively correlated with RVEF( r=-0.58, P=0.007). The sum of RVPDF and RVPDEF (RVPDF+RVPDEF) was 35.2%±11.4%. RVEF correlated with RVPDF+RVPDEF ( r=0.825, P<0.001) and comparable to RVPDF+RVPDEF ( t=1.427, P=0.164). RVPDF was negatively correlated with pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) ( r=-0.52, P=0.007) while RVPRVo was positively correlated with PVR ( r=0.54, P=0.004). Conclusions:4D-FLOW CMR can be used to measure right ventricular ejection fraction in PH patients without respiratory control. In PH patients, the right ventricular direct blood flow was significantly decreased, while the residual blood flow was significantly increased. The right ventricular direct blood flow and residual blood flow were related to the right ventricular function and pulmonary vascular resistance, which were important parameters to evaluate the right ventricular function and afterload in PH.

9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1504-1508, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880614

ABSTRACT

Primary enteric adenocarcinoma is a rare variant of primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma. This disease lacks a distinctive manifestation and often requires pathological examination to make a definite diagnosis. A male patient visited the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University for consistent cough and sputum production for about 1 year. Anti-infection therapy was given but it showed ineffectiveness. Enteric adenocarcinoma was diagnosed after percutaneous lung biopsy according to pathological findings. Combining this case with relevant literature, we summarized the characteristics to raise physicians' awareness for this rare subtype.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Lung , Lung Neoplasms
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 776-781, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796559

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the surgical method and clinical outcome of primary repair of chronic Achilles tendon rupture.@*Methods@#From March 2012 to August 2017, clinical data of 35 consecutive patients with chronic Achilles tendon rupture who were treated with primary repair by the same group of doctors at Department of Sports Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.There were 29 males and 6 females with age of (41.0±9.3)years(range:29-65 years). All the patients had unilateral tendon rupture with 22 cases on the left and 13 cases on the right. The preoperative and postoperative Visual Analogue Scale(VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Score(AOFAS), the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles(VISA-A), the Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score(ATRS) and the Tegner Activity Score of patients were collected and compared by paired-t test.@*Results@#The patients were followed up for (45.6±17.2) months (range:17-28 months).No serious postoperative complications such as infection or nerve damage and rerupture outcomes were reported. At the last follow-up,the VAS decreased from 1.0(2.0) (M(QR) preoperative to 0.0(0.8)(Z=-3.586, P=0.00), AOFAS increased from 64.3±12.5 to 97.0±5.0(t=-14.359, P=0.00), VISA-A increased from 51.3±9.8 to 87.8±18.0(t=-17.656, P=0.00), Tegner increased from 0.9±0.3 to 4.6±1.7(t=-12.524, P=0.00) and ATRS increased from 40.0±3.5 to 97.9±3.9(t=-64.133, P=0.00). Twenty-eight patients (80.0%) had returned to their preinjury activity levels, and 7 patients (20.0%) no longer participate in recreational sports. According to Arner-Lindholm curative effect evaluation criteria, 32 cases(91.4%) gained the excellent results, 1 case (2.9%) of good and 2 cases(5.7%) bad, and the percentage of the cases with the excellent or good results was 94.3%.All except 2 patients with bad results could perform a single-limb heel rise painlessly.@*Conclusions@#Primary repair is an efficient approach for chronic Achilles tendon rupture.The mid-and-long curative effect is satisfactory and stable. Compared with other surgical techniques, operation is relatively simple and economical.The primary repair is considerably safe, with few serious complications such as infection or nerve damage and reruptures.

11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 319-323, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775626

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is the cancer with the highest morbidity and mortality at home and abroad at present. Using computed tomography (CT) to screen lung cancer nodules is a huge workload. To test the effect of artificial intelligence in automatic identification of lung cancer by using artificial intelligence to find the lung cancer nodules automatically in the chest CT of 1 mm and 5 mm thick.@*METHODS@#5,000 cases of T1 stage lung cancer patients with 1 mm and 5 mm layer thickness were respectively labeled and learned by computer neural network, the algorithm of forming pulmonary nodules was carried out. 500 cases of chest CT in T1 stage lung cancer patients with 1 mm and 5 mm thickness were tested by artificial intelligence formation, and the sensitivity and specificity were compared with artificial reading.@*RESULTS@#Using artificial intelligence to read chest CT 500 in 5 mm, the sensitivity was 95.20%, the specificity was 93.20%, and the Kappa value of two times repeated read was 0.926,1. For 1 mm chest CT 500 cases, the sensitivity is 96.40%, the specificity is 95.60%, and the Kappa reads two times is 0.938,6. Compared with 5 doctors, the same CT sets with 1 mm thickness were read. The detection rates of artificial intelligence and artificial reading were similar to those of lung cancer nodules and negative control read films, and there was no significant difference between them. In the comparison of the same CT slices with 5 mm thickness, the number of detection of lung cancer nodules by artificial intelligence is better than that of artificial reading, and the sensitivity is higher, but the number of false messages is increased and the specificity is slightly worse.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The automatic learning of early lung cancer chest CT images by artificial intelligence can achieve high sensitivity and specificity of early lung cancer identification, and assist doctors in the diagnosis of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Medical Informatics , Methods , Neoplasm Staging
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 727-732, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753459

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the status of psychological stress of trainees in the standardized cooperation training base for municipal hospital residents, and to discuss their mental health problems. Methods Cluster random sampling method was used to select the standardized training trainees of resident physicians in a municipal cooperative base as the research object. Self-made psychological stress evaluation scale was divided into two dimensions: psychological stress and emotion . The emotional dimension was given 1 to 10 points respectively. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance were used to evaluate the general situation and stress status of residents in standardized training . Results The psychological stress of trainees is prominent, and the employment pressure is the biggest source of stress (4.583±2.939). Other source are work pressure (4.269±2.791), study pressure (3.398±2.782), economic pressure (3.167 ±2.715), interpersonal pressure (1.222 ±2.088), environmental pressure (1.065 ±1.906), and emotional pressure (0.824±1.723). There are significant differences between different types of stress (F=44.68, P=0.000). Trainees' mental health problems are quite serious. 59.26% of the standardized training students occasionally feel pressure, 35.19% often feel pressure, and 4.63% always feel pressure. The detection rate of anxiety, depression and inferiority is 64%, 26% and 26%, respectively. There are significant differences in the average scores of various emotions (F=24.19, P=0.000). Conclusion The psychological stress and mental health problems of residents in standardized training are prominent. Positive measures should be taken to deal with the mental health problems in prospective doctors groups in their transformation stage of development.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 161-166, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745567

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy of extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND)and oncological outcome by fluorescence laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (FLRP) versus high-definition laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (HD-LRP) for men with locally advanced prostate cancer (LAPCa).Methods In a prospective trial,we recruited 51 patients with T3a-bNxM0 prostate cancer from July 2015 to April 2018.Patients were assigned to study group or control group according to random number method,and were underwent either FLRP + ePLND or HD-LRP + ePLND.21 in the study group were injected with 5 mg of indocyanine green (ICG) into the bilateral lobes of the prostate transperineally guiled by transrectal ultrasound 30 min before surgery for lymphography.During the surgical procedure a fluorescence laparoscope,optimized for detection in the near infrared range,was used to visualize the lymph nodes (green fluorescent) in the dissection region in the study group while a common laparoscopy introduced in control one.Lymph nodes were removed in the external iliac vessiles,internal iliac artery,obturator fossa regions,common iliac regions and presacral regions in both groups.Radical prostatectomy was completed in the both groups by similar steps.The operation time,blood loss,number of removed lymph nodes and positive lymph nodes,complication rate,biochemical recurrence (BCR) and metastasis free survival rates in 2 years were recorded and compared in the two groups.Results 51 eligible patients were selected,including 21 in the study group and 30 in the control group.The mean age of biopsy of study group and control one were (66.4 ± 7.7) and (66.8 ± 7.4),the mean age PSA (23.5 ± 16.8) ng/ml and (26.0 ± 20.1) ng/ml,the mean Gleason score of biopsy (8.1 ± 1.0) and (7.9 ± 0.9) respectively,and there was no statistical significant difference between two groups.The mean operation time of study group and control one were (45.9 ± 4.6) min and (56.4 ± 3.2) min,the mean removed lymph nodes were (27.7 ± 5.6) and (22.1 ±5.6) respectively,and there was statistical significant difference between two groups (all P < 0.05).Lymph nodes invasion in pathology were reported in 8 cases(38.1%)in the study groups while 9 (30.0 %) in the control one;the proportion of positive lymph node (metastasis) were 3.2% (19/583) and 3.4% (23/663) in the two groups respectively and no statistically significant difference was noted between the two groups.Lymphorrhagia occurred in 4 cases in the control group,and there was no serious complications in both groups.The median follow-up time was 20 (7-33) month and during this time,BCR observed of 1 (4.7%) in the study group and 8 (26.7%) in the control;meanwhile,the MFSR was recorded of 100.0% (0)in the study group and 86.7% (4)in the control one,showing a statistically significant difference between the two groups(P =0.04).Conclusions Comparing with LRP,FLRP achieved better results of LN dissection,which will improve oncological outcomes.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1277-1281, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733743

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and feasibility of problem-based learning teaching model in case discussion and its influence on the cultivation of medical students' practical ability in primary hospitals under the guidance of the synergy of medical education. Methods Interns from this hospital of the year 2017 were chosen as subjects. Those who were organized by science and teaching department with PBL model in case discussion were observation group, while those who were organized in traditional case discussion by clinical departments were control group. Questionnaires were filled in and effects between two groups were compared. Results In both the cognitive and affective domain, PBL teaching group scored higher compared with traditional teaching group (P=0.000). Conclusion Under the current situation, carry-ing out PBL teaching model has certain feasibility and practical significance in primary hospitals and is more suitable for the development of medical cooperation between colleges and hospitals.

15.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 70-75, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618375

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the ear baric function between 4000m altitude chamber test with inhaling air and 6900m altitude chamber test with inhaling pure oxygen.Methods Eleven healthy male volunteers attended two tests as two groups by self-comparison. As the air group the volunteers inhaled air at 4000m, while as the pure oxygen group they inhaled pure oxygen at 6900m altitude, and the time interval between the two tests was more than two weeks. During the test, the volunteers breathed air or pure oxygen at random for 1h, and then were exposed at a speed of 20m/s to the target altitude for 5min. Hereafter they were sent back to the ground at the same speed. The changes of subjective symptoms, degree of tympanic congestion, acoustic immitance index and pure-tone auditory threshold were recorded before and after the test. The acoustic impedance index and pure-tone threshold were statistically analyzed.ResultsFour volunteers (4 ears) in air group and 7 volunteers (7 ears) in pure oxygen group reported ear pain in altitude chamber exposures, respectively. The pain-triggering altitude was higher in the pure oxygen group. Immediately after tests, there were 3 (3 ears) and 5 volunteers (5 ears) with Ⅲ degree congestion of the tympanic membrane in the two groups respectively. Four volunteers (6 ears) developed gradually aggravated hemorrhages after altitude exposure. And the tympanic membrane congestion difference between groups was statistically significant at 3 and 24h after tests (P<0.01). The type A tympanogram appeared in 11 (15 ears) and 11 (14 ears) volunteers respectively immediately after tests. The increase of static compliance value was significantly greater in pure oxygen group than in air group immediately after tests (P<0.05), the decrease of middle ear pressure was more significant in pure oxygen group than in air group at 3 and 24h after tests (P<0.05). Both the two altitude exposure tests resulted in eustachian tube dysfunction. At 3 and 24h after the tests, the increase of individual frequency pure-tone threshold was significantly higher in pure oxygen group than in air group (P<0.05).Conclusion Breathing pure oxygen and lifting height could increase the screening degree of ear baric function test in hypobaric chamber, and have greater influence on degree of tympanic congestion, acoustic immittance and pure-tone auditory threshold in 24 hours.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3007-3010, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617671

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for simultaneous determination of pulchinenoside B4,caffeic acid,baicalin, palmatine hydrochloride and berberine hydrochloride in Baipuhuang tablets. METHODS:HPLC method was adopted. The determi-nation of Agela Technologies Venusil XBP C18(L)with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.05 mol/L monopotassium phosphate (gradient elution)at the flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. The detection wavelengths were set at 203 nm(pulchinenoside B4)and 323 nm (caffeic acid,baicalin,palmatine hydrochloride,berberine hydrochloride). The column temperature was set at 30 ℃,and the sam-ple size was 10 μL. RESULTS:The linear ranges were 0.08141-8.141μg for pulchinenoside B4(r=0.9998),0.01871-1.871 μg for caffeic acid (r=0.9994),0.03733-3.733 μg for baicalin (r=0.9992),0.02885-2.885 μg for palmatine hydrochloride (r=0.9996) and 0.02758-2.758 μg for berberine hydrochloride (r=0.9997). The limits of quantitation were 0.009,0.006,0.008, 0.011,0.013 ng,respectively. The limits of detection were 0.030,0.020,0.025,0.034,0.036 ng,respectively. RSDs of preci-sion,stability and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2.0%. The average recoveries were 97.39%-102.34%(RSD=1.81%,n=6),96.77%-98.92%(RSD=0.85%,n=6),97.38%-103.72%(RSD=2.46%,n=6),96.73%-102.01%(RSD=2.22%,n=6)and 96.47%-101.07%(RSD=1.61%,n=6),respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple,accurate and reproducibility,and can be used for simultaneous determination of pulchinenoside B4,caffeic acid,baicalin,palmatine hydrochloride and berberine hy-drochloride in Baipuhuang tablet.

17.
Modern Hospital ; (6): 114-115,116, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604758

ABSTRACT

The training of 24-hour resident physicians is the key link of standard training for resident physi-cians.The question of how to improve the quality of residency training is an important task.The article summarized practices in standardized training process for 24-hour resident doctors and argued the construction of the monitoring and examining system for the purpose of promoting the training.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 603-606, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495809

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore pre-hospital delay factor of coronary reperfusion therapy for ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEAMI) patients presenting with non-chest pains. Methods A retrospective observation was conducted. The clinical data of STEAMI patients underwent emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) admitted to Luoyang Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from August 2013 to August 2015 were analyzed. The patients were divided into chest pain group and non-chest pain group according to the presence of chest pain or not. Clinical characteristics were compared between the two groups, and incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), door-to-balloon time, door-to-electrocardiograms (ECG) time and ECG-to-balloon time were evaluated. Influencing factors of pre-hospital delay was analyzed by logistic multiple stepwise regression. Results A total of 259 patients with STEAMI were enrolled, including 154 patients with chest pain and 105 presented with non-chest pains. Compared with chest pain group, the patients in the non-chest pain group were older (years: 68.12±8.93 vs. 62.34±7.12, P < 0.05), less female (26.67% vs. 42.20%, P< 0.05), and had a higher past history of angina, stroke and heart failure (27.61% vs. 13.63%, 31.42% vs. 18.83%, 26.67% vs. 11.68%, respectively, all P < 0.05), and higher percentage of Killip ≥ Ⅲ patients (15.24% vs. 6.49%, P < 0.05), the lower ambulance use (26.67% vs. 44.81%, P < 0.01), longer hospitalization time (days: 12.50±2.89 vs. 9.50±2.67, P < 0.05), higher incidence of MACE (19.05% vs. 9.09%, P < 0.05), longer door-to-balloon time and door-to-ECG time (minutes: 159.01±51.21 vs. 115.31±36.74, 53.06±18.17 vs. 30.35±9.93, both P < 0.01). It was shown by logistic multivariate regression analysis that no-chest pain [odds ratio (OR) = 5.14, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 2.34-10.81, P < 0.001], age ≥ 65 years old (OR = 1.43, 95%CI = 0.93-2.99, P = 0.022), diabetes (OR = 1.57, 95%CI = 0.66-2.15, P = 0.015) and no-ambulance transport (OR = 1.55, 95%CI = 0.73-2.75, P < 0.001) were risks factors of coronary reperfusion delay ≥ 2 hours. Conclusions STEAMI patients presenting without chest pain showed higher incidences of MACE, longer time of ECG obtained and initial PCI time delay. Clinicians should try to reduce the delay time of the patients in order to improve patient survival rates.

19.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 761-764, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492959

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the microwave-assisted extraction of polysaccharides from Glechoma longituba. Methods In present study, the processes of extraction of polysaccharides from Glechoma longituba by water bath and microwave-assisted extraction were optimized using orthogonal test, and the two methods were compared. Results The optimal process of water bath extraction was as follows:liquid-solid ratio 50∶1, time 180 min, temperature 90 ℃ and pH 8. 0. The optimal parameters of microwave-assisted extraction were liquid-solid ratio 30∶1, top microwave power, time 4 min, and pH 8.0. The yield of polysaccharides from Glechoma longituba by microwave-assisted and water bath methods was (4.58±0.09)% and (3.09±0.12)%, respectively, and the yield of microwave-assisted method was elevated by 48.2% compared with that of water bath extraction. Conclusion The microwave-assisted extraction of polysaccharides from Glechoma longituba not only improves the yield, but also reduces the extract volume, saves energy and time.

20.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 846-848, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486400

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve patient postoperative comfort of vitrectomy with tamponnade in the prone position, design a new prone position headrest to reduce complications caused by improper body position and observe its clinical effect. Methods According to the postoperative position of the patients, 360 cases were collected. The patients were divided into the control group and the observation group with 180 cases of each group. Observation group was treated with the new prone position headrest nursing, control group were treated with routine prone position. The comfort of patients, postoperative adverse reactions, success rate of retina reattachment were observed. Results According to simplified comfortable situation scale, physiological, psychological, social culture and environment of each individual score respectively was (2.74±0.21), (3.54±0.29) , (3.25±0.23), (3.36±0.27) points in observation group and (2.30± 0.19), (2.92±0.31), (2.93±0.26), (2.79±0.30) points in control group, and there were significant differences (t=12.368-20.845, all P<0.05). The daily posture duration in postoperative first time and 5 days was respectively (220.00±25.08), (1008.00 ± 20.32) min in observation group and (85.00±28.07), (650.00± 30.12) min in control group, and there were significant differences(t=48.117, 133.194, all P<0.01). The incidence of corneal edema, conjunctival congestion, water turbidity in observation group were lower than those in control group at 4 weeks after surgery, and there were statistically significant difference (U=6.308,8.130, 6.875, P < 0.01). The incidence of high intraocular pressure, recurrent retinal detachment rate and reduction rate in observation group were lower than those in control group at 4 weeks after surgery, and there were statistically significant difference (χ2=9.000, 10.540, 11.770, P < 0.01). Conclusions The new prone headrest can effectively improve the resection of vitreous body with tamponade patients in comfort, ensure the operation effect.

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