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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and pathogen spectrum of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients complicated with pulmonary filamentous fungal infection in Guangdong Province, so as to provide evidences for improving the diagnosis and treatment.Methods:A total of 143 AIDS patients with pulmonary filamentous fungal infection hospitalized in Guangzhou Eighth People′s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University from January 2016 to December 2018 were included. The filamentous fungi cultured in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of these patients were identified with morphological and molecular biological methods. And their clinical characteristics were analyzed. Nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis H test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results:Among the 143 patients, 116(81.1%) had fever, 104(72.7%) had cough, 83(58.0%) had expectoration, and 59(41.3%) had anhelation. The CD4 + T lymphocyte count was 22.0(9.3, 60.8) cells/μL and 118(82.5%) cases were below 100.0 cells/μL. The white blood cell counts decreased in 52(36.4%) cases and increased in 18(12.6%) cases, anemia was found in 109(76.2%) cases, platelet count decreased in 29(20.3%) cases. Sixty-four (44.8%) cases were positive for galactomannan test. Chest computed tomography showed diffuse infection of both lungs in 114(79.7%) cases, miliary changes in 12(8.4%) cases, pleural effusion in 44(30.8%) cases, and enlargement of pleural and (or) mediastinal lymph nodes in 45(31.5%) cases. After receiving antifungal therapy, 124 (86.7%) cases were cured or improved, and 19 (13.3%) cases were discharged automatically or died of disease deterioration. Among the 143 strains of filamentous fungi, there were 56 strains of Aspergillus species pluralis (39.2%, including 24 strains of Aspergillus fumigatus), 37 strains of Talaromyces marneffei ( T. marneffei) (25.9%), 22 strains of Penicilium species pluralis (15.4%), and 28 strains of other genera of filamentous fungi (19.6%). The median CD4 + T lymphocyte counts in patients infected with Aspergillus species pluralis, T. marneffei, Penicilium species pluralis and other genera were 24.5, 15.0, 53.5 and 22.0 cells/μL, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( H=11.282, P=0.010). The proportions of AIDS patients with different pulmonary filamentous fungal infection of CD4 + T lymphocyte count ≤50.0 cells/μL in descending order were T. marneffei group (89.2%(33/37)), Aspergillus species pluralis group and other genera group (67.9%(38/56), 67.9%(19/28)), and Penicillium species pluralis group (54.5%(12/22)), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=9.296, P=0.026). Conclusions:The clinical manifestations of pulmonary filamentous fungal infection in AIDS patients in Guangdong Province are not specific. The pathogenic spectrum contains various genera, and T. marneffei and Aspergillus fumigatus are dominant, which could be correlated with CD4 + T lymphocyte count.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909804

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact of low level viremia (LLV) on the prognosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients received anti-retroviral therapy (ART).Methods:From January to December 2015, the HIV/AIDS patients with LLV received ART over one year were recruited in Guangzhou Eighth People′s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University (LLV group). Patients with viral load (VL) less than 50 copies/mL were matched at ratio of 1∶1 according to gender, age and the transmission route were included in the control group (suppression group). The LLV group was divided into three subgroups according to VL (LLV-1 subgroup was 50-200 copies/mL, LLV-2 subgroup was 201-400 copies/mL, and LLV-3 subgroup was 401-1 000 copies/mL). The influence of LLV on the antiviral response during the following three years was investigated.The Wilcoxon signed rank test, Kruskal-Wallis test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.Results:One hundred and thirty-seven patients were enrolled in the LLV group, of whom 111 were males and 26 were females, with age of (39.5±13.5) years old. At the same time, 137 patients were included in the suppression group. There were 93 cases in LLV-1 subgroup, 25 cases in LLV-2 subgroup and 19 cases in LLV-3 subgroup. There were no significant differences in the CD4 + T lymphocyte counts and CD4 + /CD8 + T lymphocyte counts ratios between LLV group and suppression group before ART (both P>0.05). During the three-year follow-up, the cumulative number of viral failures in LLV group (7.3%(10/137)) was significantly higher than that in the suppression group (1.5%(2/137)) ( χ2=5.578, P=0.018). Virological failure occurred in eight patients (8.6%) in the LLV-1 subgroup, two patients (8.0%) in the LLV-2 subgroup, and no patients in the LLV-3 subgroup. There was no statistical significance in the incidence of virological failure among all the subgroups ( P>0.05). At one, two, three years follow-up, the CD4 + T lymphocyte counts increased in both LLV group and suppression group without statistical differences (all P>0.05), and the CD4 + /CD8 + T lymphocyte counts ratios in each LLV group were lower than that in the suppression group ( Z=-3.183, -2.094 and -2.312, respectively, all P<0.05). At one, two, three years follow-up, There were no significant differences in CD4 + /CD8 + T lymphocyte counts ratios among the LLV-1, LLV-2 and LLV-3 subgroups (all P>0.05). Conclusion:HIV/AIDS patients with LLV having received ART over one year are more likely to develop virological failure and delay the recovery of immune function, which requires early relevant interventions.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 526-530, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of gradual dural decompression(GDD)in preventing intraoperative encephalocele in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 78 patients with severe TBI admitted to Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College from January 2015 to October 2018, including 55 males and 23 females, aged 15-68 years with an average age of 38.2 years. Thirty-eight patients were treated by GDD (GDD group). During the operation, the hematoma was cleared by opening a window in the area with more hematoma, then gradually cleared in the area without opening a window. Finally, the dural "junction" was cut and the skull was closed quickly after covering the dural patch. The other 40 patients were operated by fast open dural (FOD) operation (FOD group). The incidence of intraoperative encephalocele, intracranial pressure data at the time, 24 hours, 72 hours and 7 days after operation, incidence of delayed intracranial hematoma and glasgow outcome score (GOS) at 3 months after operation were compared between the two groups.Results:All patients (except for 26 deaths) were followed up for 3-14 months, with an average of 8 months. None had intraoperative encephalocele in GDD group, compared to 8 patients in FOD group ( P<0.05). Intracranial pressure in GDD group was respective (18.4±3.6)mmHg, (20.4±4.0)mmHg, (27.7±4.6)mmHg and (28.3±4.5)mmHg at the time, 24 hours, 72 hours and 7 days after operation, showing no significant differences compared to FOD group [(19.1±3.4)mmHg, (20.9±3.9)mmHg, (27.0±3.5)mmHg, (27.6±3.4)mmHg, respectively] ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of delayed intracranial hematoma between the two groups [16% (6/38) in GDD group and 16% (5/32) in FOD group (except 8 cases of intraoperative encephalocele)] ( P>0.05). Three months after operation, the good rate of GOS score of GDD group was 61% (23/28) higher than that of FOD group [28% (11/40)], and the mortality rate of GDD group was 21% (8/38) lower than that of FOD group [45% (18/40)] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in medium severe disability and plant survival rate ( P>0.05). Conclusions:For patients with severe TBI, compared with FOD, GDD is more effective in reducing the incidence of intraoperative encephalocele, improving the prognosis and decreasing mortality.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804830

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the variation characteristics of HIV-1 Gp120 sequences in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Guangzhou.@*Methods@#Plasma samples were collected from HIV-1 infected MSM before antiretroviral treatment. Viral RNA was extracted from plasma. Gp120 gene sequences were amplified by reverse transcription and nested-PCR using specific primers. Phylogenetic tree, length polymorphism, amino acid characteristics of V3 loop, co-receptors and signature amino acids were analyzed.@*Results@#The phylogenetic tree were divided into 4 clusters, and the most prevalent subtypes were CRF07_BC (34/61, 55.74%) and CRF01_AE (24/61, 39.34%). Majority of HIV-1 Gp120 sequences had 496-515 amino acids. Among five hypervariable regions, the V1 region had the highest levels of length polymorphism and V3 region had the lowest. The top four peptide of V3 loop were GPGQ (56/58, 96.55%). Most of the co-receptors HIV-1 strains used was CCR5(50/58, 86.21%)according to four methods of comprehensive prediction. There are four signature amino acids in CRF01_AE subtype strains, and the frequency of occurrence was 0.75-0.83; there are eight signature amino acids in CRF07_BC subtype strains, and the frequency was 0.74-0.94.@*Conclusions@#The length of Gp120 sequences in MSM in Guangzhou has a high polymorphism. The top four peptide of V3 loop, co-receptor and signature amino acid of V3 ring have formed unique patterns.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804707

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the characteristic mutations of epitopes in HBV Pre-S/S region in HIV/HBV co-infected patients’ peripheral blood to provide basic data for studying the pathogenesis of HIV/HBV co-infection.@*Methods@#The chronic hepatitis B infected patients admitted to the Infectious Disease Center of the Eighth People′s Hospital of Guangzhou from January 2009 to December 2011 were enrolled into HIV/HBV co-infected group and HBV mono-infected group according to the result of HIV antibody detection respectively before treatment. HBV DNA in serum was extracted and Pre-S/S region of HBV DNA was amplified by nested-PCR. After sequencing of the obtained PCR products (direct sequencing), ContigExpress software was used for sequence splicing and BioEdit software was used for sequence alignment. With reference to the standard sequence of the matched genotype HBV, mutants of HBV Pre-S/S region in HIV/HBV co-infected group and HBV mono-infected group were analyzed respectively. Statistical analysis was performed by chi-square test with SPSS19.0 statistical analysis software.@*Results@#HBV Pre-S/S fragments were successfully amplified from 150 patients, including 90 cases of HIV/HBV co-infected group and 60 cases of HBV mono-infected group, with matched gender, age, genotype, HBeAg status, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST). The result of analyzing mutants of HBV Pre-S/S region indicated that the incidence of mutation in all epitopes for cytotoxic T cells (CTL cells) was higher in the HIV/HBV co-infected group, and Pre-S2 aa1-15 epitope was significantly higher (χ2=6.964, P=0.008). The incidence of deletions in PreS2 aa1-15 epitope in HIV/HBV co-infected group (11.1%) was higher than HBV mono-infected group (3.3%) (χ2=2.959, P=0.085). In the B cell epitopes, the incidence of mutations in Pre-S2 aa1-26 in the HIV/HBV co-infected group was significantly higher than HBV mono-infected group (χ2=6.924, P=0.010), and there was no statistical significance between two groups in other B cell epitopes. No differences in helper T cell (Th cell) epitopes were found between the two groups.@*Conclusions@#Co-infection with HIV increased the CTL cell epitopes’ mutations in the HBV Pre-S/S region, especially the 5′ end epitope mutations in Pre-S2 region, which indicated that HBV mutation is related to the host immune status, and showed guiding information for further study on the pathogenesis of HIV/HBV co-infection

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805386

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical, immunological and virological characteristics of HIV-1 infected patients in the acute phase, for the sake of improving the diagnosis of acute infection with HIV-1.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical manifestation and laboratory data of patients with acute HIV-1 infection who were admitted to the Center of Infectious Diseases, Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital from January 2012 to June 2017.@*Results@#Forty-four patients were enrolled into the study, 86.4% of them were male. 59.1% patients were homosexually transmitted. Clinical symptoms and signs mostly consisted of fever (84.1%), lymphadenopathy (56.8%) and so on, while 15.9% patients had central nervous system symptoms. Most common opportunistic infection included lung infection (50.0%) and oropharyngeal candidiasis (22.7%). Leucopenia (10 patients, 22.7%), and decreased CD4+ T cell count (267.5 cells/μl), inverted CD4+ /CD8+ ratio (86.4%) was mostly seen. Compared to patients who had HIV RNA load less than 6 lg copies/ml, the group of patients who had HIV RNA load more than 6 lg copies/ml had lower levels of CD4+ T cells (t=-3.724, P=0.001).@*Conclusions@#Patients with acute HIV infection have many different kinds of clinical symptoms and can be accompanied by opportunistic infection, and with high viremia.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707221

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic variations of gag-pol gene in human immunodeficiency virus-1(HIV-1) CRF07_BC strain in Guangdong Province.Methods From February to September in 2015,plasma samples of 78 cases with HIV 1 CRF07_BC infection in Guangdong were collected before antiretroviral treatment.Viral RNA was extracted from plasma.Gene (gag and pol) sequences were amplified by reverse transcriptase and nested-PCR using specific primers.Phylogenetic tree,genic dispersion rate,nucleotide polymorphism,selection pressure and variation characteristics were analyzed.Results The main transmission route of the enrolled patients was homosexual transmission (80.77%,63/78).The gag pol gene phylogenetic tree was divided into two sub-clusters.The strains from different transmission routes were not in cluster.The average genetic dispersion rate and average entropy of gag gene were both higher than those of pol gene.The average genetic dispersion and average entropy of p17 and p6 regions of gag gene were both higher than those of p24.The average genetic dispersion and average entropy of pol gene were higher than those of rt region.The average ds/dn values of gag and pol genes were greater than one.Compared with the common HIV-related antigenic epitopes (A2,A11,B39,B60,Cw1,Cw3,Cw8),the cytotoxic lymphocyte (CTL) epitope mutations in the P17 region were more in the consensus of GAG region than those in the P24 region.The epitope conserved rates were 26.92%,0,1.28%,0,96.15%,82.05%,84.62% and 98.72%,respectively.The drug resistance rate of pol gene was 2.56% (2/78).Conclusions The gag and pol genes of CRF07_BC strain in Guangdong are all mutated.Diversity of gag gene is greater than that of pol gene,and gag gene variation is mainly in p17 and p6 regions.gag and pol genes are both affected by negative selection pressure.P17 protein CTL epitope variability is greater than P24 protein epitope.The prevalence of drug resistance mutation is lower than the threshold.It's important to monitor the spread of drug-resistant strains.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 495-498, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810055

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the combined effects of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus (HBV/HCV) infection on the cause of death in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).@*Methods@#The causes of death of 111 cases of AIDS with HBV/HCV (combined infection group) and 210 AIDS patients (single infection group) admitted to our hospital from 2012 to 2016 data were compared using chi-square test.@*Results@#There was no statistically significant difference in gender composition and age in the combined infection groups (P > 0.05). The main causes of death in the combined infection group were severe pneumonia (44.1%), end-stage liver disease (18.9%), and central nervous system infection (14.4%). The main causes of death in the single infection group were severe pneumonia (47.6%) and central nervous system infection (14.3%) and tumor (13.3%). There was no case of end-stage liver disease. The ratio of end-stage liver disease in the former group was significantly higher than that in the latter group (χ2 = 42.511, P < 0.001). The main cause of death in 12 HIV/HBV/HCV triple-infected patients was end-stage liver disease, accounting for 41.7%, which was significantly higher than 18.9% of end-stage liver disease in HIV/HBV or HIV/HCV dual infection (99 cases). And the difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 4.539, P = 0.033); however, the ratio of end-stage liver disease in 50 HIV/HBV co-infected patients and 49 HIV/HCV co-infected patients was 16.0% vs. 16.3%, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (χ2 = 0.002, P = 0.965). In the co-infected group, 36 patients had CD4+ cell counts >100/μl, the primary cause of death was end-stage liver disease, accounting for 38.2%. 75 patients with CD4+ ≤ 100/μl died due to end-stage liver disease, accounting for 9.3% and the difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 13.852, P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#End-stage liver disease is the main cause of death in patients with AIDS combined with HBV or HCV, especially triplet infection and CD4+ cell count > 100/μl. An early diagnosis and treatment of HBV or HCV infection should commence as soon as possible.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 282-287, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806394

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the optimal duration of pegylated-alpha interferon (Peg-INFα) combined with ribavirin (RBV) in treating chronic hepatitis C infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients.@*Methods@#A multicenter prospective study was conducted. The study subjects were divided into two groups; HIV/HCV co-infections (Group A, n = 158) and control with HCV-monoinfections (Group B, n = 60). All recruited patients received standard Peg-INFα plus RBV therapy. Group A was divided into 3 subgroups according to CD4+ cell counts: A1 subgroup, 79 cases, CD4+ counts > 350 cells /μl, who received anti-HCV before combination antiretroviral therapy(cART); A2 subgroup, 45 cases, CD4+ counts between 200 and 350 cells/μl, who did not start anti-HCV until they could tolerate cART well; A3 subgroup, 34 cases, CD4+ counts < 200 cells /μl, cART was administered first, and anti-HCV therapy was started when CD4+ counts > 200 cells/μl. The anti-HCV efficacy of two groups and 3 subgroups were compared. Statistical analysis for normal distribution and homogeneity of variance data was calculated by t-test and the counting data was analyzed by χ 2 test. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for non-normal data. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for the comparison of multiple groups, followed by SNK method. Multiple independent samples were used for non-parametric tests.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in age and baseline HCV RNA levels between groups and subgroups (P > 0.05). By an intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis, in Group A, the ratio of complete early virological response (cEVR) rate was 75.3% (119/158), the ratio of end of treatment virological response (eTVR) rate was 68.4% (108/158), and the ratio of sustained virological response (SVR) rate was 48.7% (77/158); in Group B, the ratio of cEVR rate was 93.3% (56/60), the ratio of eTVR rate was 90.0% (54/60), and the ratio of SVR rate was 71.7% (43/60); The therapeutic index of Group A were lower than those of Group B (P≤0.05). By per-protocol (PP) analysis, the ratio of cEVR rate in Group A [75.2% (88/112)] was still lower than that in Group B [93.3% (56/60)], but no significant differences were found in the ratio of eTVR rate and SVR rate between 2 groups (P > 0.05). Comparing the efficacy of subgroups (A1, A2 and A3) by ITT analysis, the ratios of cEVR rate were respectively 78.5% (62/79), 75.6% (34/45) and 67.6% (23/34); the ratios of eTVR rate were respectively 68.4%(54/79), 80.0%(36/45)and 52.9%(18/34); and the ratios of SVR rate were respectively 41.8%(33/79), 64.4%(29/45)and 44.1%(15/34). The ratio of eTVR in subgroup A2 was obviously higher than that in subgroup A3 and the ratio of SVR in subgroup A2 was statistically higher than that of subgroup A1(P≤0.05). However, by PP analysis, no significant differences of the therapeutic indexes were found among the respective subgroups (P > 0.05).@*Conclusion@#HIV-HCV co-infected patients would have better anti-HCV efficacy with Peg-INFα-2a plus RBV than HCV- monoinfected patients. The best time for initiating anti-HCV therapy in HIV-HCV co-infected patients is when CD4+ counts 200 cells/ μl.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710089

ABSTRACT

Dengue is the most prevalent and rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease.As a dengue non-endemic country,China has experienced several dengue outbreaks in recent years.However,dengue patients in China displayed distinct clinical characteristics compared to patients in endemic countries.To standardize the diagnosis and treatment of dengue fever,the experts of the Society of Infectious Diseases,Society of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology of Chinese Medical Association,and the Society of Emergency Medicine,China Association of Chinese Medicine have reached this guideline based on guidelines for diagnosis,treatment,prevention and control of dengue (World Health Organization,2009);guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of dengue (National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China,2014,Edition 2),health industry standard of the People's Republic of China "diagnosis for dengue fever (WS216-2018)" and systemic reports on dengue.The guideline includes 8 aspects:introduction,terminology,epidemiology and prevention,etiology and pathogenesis,clinical features,diagnosis,treatment and problems to be solved.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808831

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To clarify the predictive power of PBMCs miR-122, as well as other clinical factors, for response to IFNα therapy in chronic HCV infected patients.@*Methods@#A total of 40 patients chronically infected with HCV genotype 1b were enrolled. All the patients received pegylated interferon alpha (PEG-IFN α) in combination with ribavirin for 48 weeks. To perform the analyses, the patients were compared in terms of achieving sustained virological response (SVR) or not (NSVR) at 24th week after antiviral treatment.@*Results@#SVR rate was 72.5% (29/40) and NSVR rate was 27.5% (11/40). SVR group experienced significantly lower HCV viral load, total bilirubin (TBIL), alpha fetal protein (AFP), fibroscan and laminin (LN) compared with NSVR group before treatment (P<0.05). PBMCs miR-122 expression level was also lower in SVR group than that in SNVR group, although the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). and there was no significant change of miR-122 level from baseline to the last available measurement between SVR group and NSVR group. However, no significant association was found between baseline PBMCs miR-122 and HCV viral load, body mass index (BMI), alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), degree of liver fibrosis, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Our result suggest that PBMCs miR-122 level is not an efficient biomarker to predict response to IFN alpha therapy in chronic HCV patients. However, baseline HCV viral load, TBIL, AFP and fibroscan may serve as predictive factors.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514553

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)resistance-related gene mutations among the AIDS patients with virological suppression failure in Guangdong Province 2015.Methods Plasma samples from AIDS patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy for more than one year with viral loads > 1000 copies/mL from Guangdong province (except Shenzhen)were collected from January to December 2015.Total 612 HIV-1 gene fragments were amplified from plasma samples using self-developed lab method.Sub-genotypes were determined by phylogenetic tree according to the sequences,NNRTIs resistance-related mutations were determined in Stanford University HIV-1 Drug Resistance Database. The NNRTIs-resistance, the relationships of NNRTIs resistance-related mutations with baseline CD4 +T lymphocyte counts,transmission routes,antiviral regimens and HIV-1 genotypes were analyzed.SPSS 17.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results In 612 patients with virological suppression failure,the main NNRTIs resistance-related mutations were K103 (26.80%),Y181 (14.71 %),V179 (13.73%),G190 (11 .44%) and V106 (10.62%).The susceptibility rate of 310 patients (50.65%)to NNRTIs had changed,the highly resistant rate to nevirapine was 49.51 %,which was higher than that of efavirenz (43.14%),etravirine (5.56%) and rilpivirine (12.25%),respectively,and the differences were statistically significant (χ2 =5.00,296.3 and 198.0,all P 200 cells/μL was lower than that in those with baseline CD4 +T lymphocyte counts <200 cells/μL (χ2 =17.93,P <0.01 );the incidence rate of drug resistance was lower in intravenous drug abusers than that of sexually transmitted patients (χ2 =44.21 ,P <0.01 );while the incidence of drug resistance in patients receiving NVP-containing regimens was higher than that in those receiving EFV-containing regimens (χ2 =8.93,P <0.01 ),and the incidence rate was higher in patients with CRF01 _AE than that in those with CRF07_BC and CRF08 _BC (χ2 =8.46 and 8.47,P <0.01 ).Conclusions The results suggest that compliance education and follow-up should be strengthened in patients with high baseline CD4 +T lymphocyte counts and intravenous drug users,and patients with liver diseases should avoid using drugs containing NVP regimens.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 161-165, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510245

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Objective To investigate the applicative value of enhanced 3D multi-echo GRE T2*-weighted angiography(ESWAN) sequence phase values in evaluating brain gray nuclei iron content in idiopathic restless legs syndrome(RLS) patients, providing imaging basis in diagnosis and treatment of idiopathic RLS. Methods In our institute from June 2012 to September 2016,forty-five RLS patients were selected as the RLS group, and 45 healthy volunteers as the control group. ESWAN sequence was performed and serum ferritin values were obtained in all patients and volunteers. The raw data of ESWAN was postprocessed , where the phase maps were obtained. Phase analysis was performed on localized brain gray nuclei regions of interest (substantia nigra, red nucleus, dentate nucleus, thalamus, pallidum, putamen and caudate nucleus ) selected on phase maps. Differences between the 2 subject groups were evaluated using ANCOVA including age as a covariate. Results The phase values of the substantia nigra, thalamus, pallidum and putamen in the RLS group were (-0.087 ± 0.021), (-0.053 ± 0.012), (-0.161 ± 0.008), (-0.125 ± 0.019) radians , respectively. The phase values of the substantia nigra, thalamus, pallidum and putamen in the control group were (-0.127 ± 0.007), (-0.066 ± 0.007), (-0.166 ± 0.007), (-0.150 ± 0.010) radians, respectively. There were significant differences between the two groups (F=142.492, 37.988, 10.558, 60.725;P0.05). Conclusions Phase values can make a quantitative assessment of brain gray nuclei iron content in RLS patients, our results supported the hypothesis of reduced brain iron content in RLS patents , which may have an important role in the pathogenesis of the disorder. However, iron content change in some brain regions was not correlated with serum ferritin concentration changes.

14.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 206-211, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508288

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Objective:To investigate the effects and mechanisms of anti-cancer by bacailein combined with U0126 on human breast cancer in vitro. Methods: The human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 was treated by baicalein,U0126 and baicalein combined with U0126 respectively. CCK8 assay measured cell proliferation of MCF-7;flow cytometry tested the cell cycle and apoptosis of MCF-7;microscopy observed the amount;TUNEL assay evaluated the apoptosis of MCF-7;Western blot detected the protein level of proliferation and apoptosis related protein;scratch assay measured the ability of migration. Results: Human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 was treated by baicalein or U0126 at different concentration for 24 h, CCK8 assay suggested that both of them can dramatically inhibit MCF-7 proliferation in a dose-dependent way (P<0. 05). Compared to the blank and DMSO groups,the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 was treated with baicalein for 24 h,the cellular rate at G0-G1 phase increased a lot (91%) (P<0. 05),while the cellular rate at S phase reduced dramatically (P<0. 05),cell apoptosis increased dramatically by microscopy and TUNEL assay(P<0. 05),the level of ERK1/2,CyclinD1 and JNK reduced quickly (P<0. 05). Compared to the baicalein group,MCF-7 was treated by baicalein combined with U0126,the cellular rate at S phase decreased remarkably (P<0. 05),apoptosis was much obvious (P<0. 05),the phosphorylation level of ERK1/2 and JNK reduced a lot (P<0. 05),and the proliferation accelerator CyclinD1 highly decreased (P<0. 05);the scratch assay demonstrated that cell migration was dramatically inhibited when MCF-7 was treated by 20 μmol/L baicalein ( P<0. 05 ) . Conclusion:Both of baicalein and U0126 can inhibit the proliferation and migration,induce the apoptosis of human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 through decreasing the level of ERK, JNK and CyclinD1. Baicalein and U0126 can provide some novel avenues to treat breast cancer in clinic.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608528

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of Talaromyces marneffei (T.marneffei)-specific mannose glycoprotein Mp1p antigen for T.marneffei infection in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients.Methods All cases were recruited in this study from January 2012 to June 2015 in Guangzhou No.8 People′s Hospital, including 184 AIDS patients with T.marneffei infection confirmatively diagnosed by culture, and 205 controls including 176 AIDS patients without T.marneffei infection and 29 health controls.Double antibody sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and fluoroimmunoassay combined with double-antibody sandwich were both utilized to detect serum Mp1p antigen levels, and their sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing T.marneffei infection in patients with AIDS were analyzed.x2 test and t test were used for statistical analysis.Results The ratio of males to females and age of the study group were both comparable to those of the control group (x2=0.019, P=0.889;t=1.810,P=0.07, respecitvley).The sensitivities of double antibody sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and fluoroimmunoassay combined with double-antibody sandwich were 82.07%(151/184) and 83.15%(153/184), respectively (x2=0.076, P=0.783).The specificities were 93.17%(191/205) and 92.68%(190/205), respectively (x2=0.037, P=0.847).The accuracy values were 87.92%(342/389) and 88.17%(343/389), respectively (x2=0.012, P=0.912).The false positive rates were 6.83%(14/205) and 7.32%(15/205), respectively.The false negative rates were 17.93%(33/184) and 16.85%(31/184), respectively (x2=0.049, P=0.829).The positive predictive values were 91.52%(151/165) and 91.07%(153/168), respectively (x2=0.021, P=0.886).The negative predictive values were 85.27%(191/224) and 85.97%(190/221), respectively (x2=0.045, P=0.832).The Kappa values were 0.83 and 0.80, respectively.Conclusion Detection of serum Mp1p antigen of T.marneffei possesses high specificity and sensitivity, which may be utilized for rapid and early diagnosis of T.marneffei infection in patients with AIDS.

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Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1336-1340, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615166

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Objective:To investigate the role of Baicalein combined with U0126 resisting human bladder cancer T-24 cells in vitro and mechanism.Methods: T-24 cells were dealt with Baicalein combined with U0126,flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle and cell apoptosis,microscope to count cell number,TUNEL method to detects cell apoptosis index,and Real time quantitative PCR and Western blot to measure extracellular signal regulating kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), CyclinD1, GSK-3β and AKT RNA level, protein level of T-24 cells respectively.Effect of Baicalein and U0126 on apoptosis and proliferation of bladder cancer cell was analyzed.Results: Cell apoptosis rate was significantly increased after T-24 cells dealt with various concentrations of Baicalein.Cell proportion of G0/G1 phase was significantly increased,while cell percentage of S phase was obviously decreased and cell count was decreased,after T-24 cells were dealt with Baicalein for 24 h.After T-24 cells were dealt with Baicalein combined with U0126 for 24 h,cell proportion of S phase was evidently decreased.T-24 cells were dealt with Baicalein or U0126 obviously promoted cell apoptosis,which was more obvious with Baicalein combined with U0126.Phosphorylation level of GSK-3β,ERK1/2,and AKT was significantly reduced and expression of ERK1/2 and CyclinD1 mRNA was evidently lower after Baicalein or U0126 or Baicalein combined with U0126,and combined application had more remarkable effect.Conclusion: Baicalein and U0126 can induce apoptosis of T-24 cells,increase cell proportion in G0/G1 phase,reduce cell proportion of S phase,and Baicalein combined with U0126 effect has more remarkable effect.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1271-1275, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506063

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Objective To investigate the relationship of the serum levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP) and homocysteine with middle cerebral artery(MCA) intraplaque hemorrhage.Methods A total of 63 patients who met the inclusion criteria showed high-grade(≥ 70%)MCA stenosis.The levels of serum hs-CRP and Hcy were detected.All patients were divided into symptomatic group and asymptomatic group,intraplaque hemorrhage group and non-intraplaque hemorrhage group.All patients performed conventional MRI and high-resolution MRI(HR-MRI).The correlation of the serum levels of hs-CRP and homocysteine with middle cerebral artery intraplaque hemorrhage was analyzed.Results Totally 37 symptomatic and 26 asymptomatic MCA stenoses were analyzed.The occurrence rate of intraplaque hemorrhage was significantly higher in symptomatic MCA stenosis group than in asymptomatic MCA stenosis group (40.5 % vs.11.5 %,x2 =6.29,P< 0.05).Symptomatic group displayed a higher hs-CRP and Hey levels (8.97 ± 3.36 mg/L and 20.00 ± 3.16 μmol/L,respectively) than did asymptomatic group [(5.26 ± 3.12) mg/L and (12.22 ± 1.88) μmol/L,t =4.43 and 11.23,respectively,each P < 0.001].The hs-CRP and Hcy levels were higher in intraplaque hemorrhage group [(10.53 ± 3.59) mg/L and (21.70 ± 2.40) μmol/L,respectively] than in non-intraplaque hemorrhage group[(6.20 ± 3.02) mg/L and(11.77±1.69) μmol/L,t=4.87 and 18.58,respectively,each P<0.001].The hs-CRP and Hcy levels were positively correlated with the risk for middle cerebral artery intraplaque hemorrhage(r=0.461 and 0.519,each P<0.001).Conclusions The serum levels of hs-CRP and Hcy are closely associated with middle cerebral artery intraplaque hemorrhage,which can be used to evaluate the stability of plaque.The MCA intraplaque hemorrhage is associated with ipsilateral stroke.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502274

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Objective To explore the risk factors for the prognosis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related lymphoma (ARL).Methods A total of 32 patients with ARL were enrolled in this study from Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital during August 2011 and July 2014,who were followed up for 2 to 48 months (median 9 months).The risk factors for the prognosis of ARL were analyzed by Logistic regression analysis.Results A total of 32 patients were included,among whom 27 were males and the rest were females,with a mean age of (42.8± 13.5) years (ranging from 4 to 70 years).Regarding the clinical staging at the initial diagnosis,6 cases (18.8 %) were classified as stage Ⅰ,4 cases (12.5%) stage Ⅱ,5 cases (15.6%) stage Ⅲ,and 17 cases (53.1%) stage Ⅳ.As for international prognostic index (IPI) score,4 cases (12.5%) were in the low risk group (IPI 0-1),5 cases (15.6%) in the low-middle group (IPI 2),8 cases (25.0%) in the middle-high risk group (IPI 3),and 15 cases (46.9 %) in the high risk group (IPI 4-5).According to the pathological diagnosis,26 cases (81.2%) were B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL),4 cases (12.5%) were T cell NHL,and 2 cases (6.2%) were Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) nodular sclerosis.In total,23 cases (71.9%) had received highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) before the first hospital visit or within one month after the diagnosis of lymphoma.Sixteen (50.0%) cases received standard chemotherapy regimen formulated by the oncology specialists.A total of 17 patients died,with the mortality rate of 53.1%.By univariate analysis,the prognostic factors included age (OR=0.915,P=0.012),high lactate dehydrogenase (OR=1.006,P=0.021) value at baseline,receiving HAART (OR =12.444,P=0.011),and standard chemotherapy regimen (OR=13.000,P=0.001).By multivariate Logistic regression,receiving standard chemotherapy regimen (OR=0.035,P=0.022) was the only prognostic factor of ARL.Conclusions The mortality of ARL is high and the most common pathological type was NHL.The prognosis could be improved by standard chemotherapy regimen on the basis of HAART.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496826

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Objective To investigate gene polymorphisms of drug targets and mutations associated with drug resistance in Pneumocystis jiroveci (P.jiroveci) isolates.Methods Among 148 samples isolated from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)infected patients with pneumonia in Guangdong,mitochondrid larg subunit rRNA (mtLSUrRNA) gene was amplified from 51 samples.Dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS),dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and Cytochrome b (CYB) genes of P.jiroveci were detected by gene sequencing,and compared with the reference sequences in GenBank to evaluate gene polymorphisms.Results P.jirovecii DHPS,DHFR and CYB genes were all successfully amplified from 51 samples.For DHPS gene,48 (94.1%) were wild-type and 3 (5.9%) had gene mutation associated with drug resistance.For DHFR gene,30 were wild-type,and 21 had a synonymous mutation at position 312,and 1 nonsynonymous mutation at position 188.There were no mutations associated with drug resistance.For CYB gene,polymorphisms of were detected at 5 sites,4 of which were synonymous mutations,1 was non-synonymous mutation.No mutation associated with drug resistance was found.Based on the gene polymorphism of CYB6,the strains can be classified into 6 genotypes,and 2 were first detected,including 25 CYB1,13 CYB2,2 CYB5,4 CYB8,as well as newly detected 4 CYB10 and 3 CYB11 strains.Conclusions The mutations associated with drug resistance in P.jiroveci isolates in Guangdong remain uncommon.CYB gene shows gene polymorphisms and can be selected as one of targeted genes for multilocus sequence typing.

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China Pharmacist ; (12): 251-254, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily explore the synthesis of a quercetin derivative 3′,4′,5,7-four-(O-methoxy carbonyl meth-yl) quercetin and its pharmacological activities. Methods:Quercetin as the reactant and N,N-dimethyl-formamide ( DMF) as the sol-vent, the target product 3′,4′,5,7-four-(O-methoxy carbonyl methyl) quercetin was obtained by the slow addition of methyl chloroace-tate in the presence of anhydrous K2 CO3 to introduce ether bond at 3′,4′,5,7- bit. The structure was characterized by LC-MS, 1 H-NMR and element analysis. The nanoemulsion of the product was prepared using a film dispersion method, and with intraperitoneal in-jection, the effect on pituitrin-induced myocardial ischemia cardiovascular system in rats was observed. Results:3′,4′,5,7-Four-(O-methoxy carbonyl methyl) quercetin was successfully synthesized, and could be metastasized to a demethylation product containing dis-tal free carboxyl with increased polarity proved by metabolic tests in vitro. The results of electrocardiogram and animal experiments showed that the compound had improving effects on pituitrin-induced myocardial ischemia in rats. Conclusion: The nanoemulsion of 3′,4′,5,7-four-(O-methoxy carbonyl methyl) quercetin with intraperitoneal injection shows significant antagonism against pituitrin-in-duced myocardial ischemia in rats.

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