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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827361

ABSTRACT

Coping style is a cognitive or behavioral strategy taken by individuals in the face of stress. Positive coping style is of great significance for improving the physical and mental outcomes of elderly patients with urinary incontinence. Accurate assessment of coping styles for the elderly patients with urinary incontinence can provide reference for the subsequent development of intervention measures. The existing coping style assessment tools for elderly incontinence at home and abroad include specific scale of incontinence, relevant psychological assessment scale, and universal scale. In a word, the progress in the studies on relevant assessment tools is slow, and it mainly focuses on the assessment of female population. The assessment content is relatively single and lacks of pertinence and systematization. In the future, a comprehensive scale with strong adaptability should be developed based on the characteristics of elderly incontinence patients in China.


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Psychological , Aged , China , Female , Humans , Urinary Incontinence
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847663

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At present, the prosthesis is made by three steps: Taking, trimming and shaping. Because the process of trimming is manual, it is closely related to the experience and technology of clinical technicians. If the prosthesis is not beautiful, it is difficult to make full contact between the receiving cavity and the residual limb. OBJECTIVE: To collect MRI data of thigh in healthy volunteers, evaluate the anatomical symmetry of thigh amputation range (10-25 cm above knee joint space), and establish MRI data as a database so as to provide reference data for patients with lower limb amputation to match the appropriate prosthesis after operation. METHODS: Totally 40 healthy volunteers were recruited and basic information was collected, including age, height, weight, the circumference of the knee, the circumference of the knee at 5 cm, the circumference of the knee at 10 cm, and the circumference of the knee at 15 cm. All volunteers signed the informed consent. This study was approved by the Hospital Ethics Committee. Three-dimensional reconstruction was carried out in thigh amputation range. Taking the surface area and volume of the model as parameters, the thighs of each volunteer were anatomically measured. Three-dimensional reverse engineering software was used to analyze the three-dimensional deviation of the measurement results so as to conduct quantification and visualization of the thigh symmetry. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Self symmetric analysis: Regarding the surface area, the maximal percent difference between the left and right thigh amputation was no more than 0.56% (P=0.109). Regarding the volume, the maximal percent difference between the left and right thigh amputation was no more than 1.19% (P=0.182). Results of the three-dimensional deviation analyses showed that the maximal mean negative deviation was -1.47 mm, while the maximal mean positive deviation was 1.14 mm. Moreover, the three-dimensional deviation distribution of 40 subjects was within 2 mm (78.02%), between 2.1 and 3.0 mm (20.97%), and more than 3 mm (1.01%). (2) Allogeneic symmetric analysis: Results of the three-dimensional deviation analyses showed that the maximal mean negative deviation was -1.97 mm, while the maximal mean positive deviation was 1.89 mm. (3) The results confirmed that adult bilateral thigh amputation range has a high degree of anatomical symmetry. When differences between two adults' right thighs are no more than 2 cm in the circumference of the knee, the circumference of the knee at 5 cm, the circumference of the knee at 10 cm, and the circumference of the knee at 15 cm, their surface profiles of thigh amputation ranges are considered to be highly similar, but are not associated with gender, height and weight.

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