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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885727

ABSTRACT

To review the clinical data of 13 patients with benign stenosis in deep small intestine treated by balloon-assisted enteroscopy from September 2017 to December 2019, and to evaluate the stenosis characteristics, endoscopic treatment effects and its safety in different lesions. The results showed that there were 6 cases of Crohn disease (CD), 4 cases of cryptogenic multifocal ulcerative stenosing enteritis (CMUSE) and 3 cases of small bowel stenosis with unknown etiology. A total of 38 stenoses were found after 17 enteroscopic treatments, including 35 web-like stenoses and 3 columnar stenoses. Thirteen stenoses were found in 6 patients with CD, including 4 single stenosis, 1 case of 3 stenoses and 1 case of 6 stenoses. Twenty-one stenoses were found in 4 patients with CMUSE and they were all web-like stenosis. A total of 18 times of balloon dilatation and 10 times of IT knife incision were performed. The technical success rate was 88.2% (15/17), and the clinical effective rate was 76.9% (10/13). The follow-up time was 3-28 months, and one patient underwent surgical treatment. There was 1 case of delayed hemorrhage and 3 cases of delayed perforation after operation. They were all improved by medical treatment. These results indicated that treatment of benign stenosis in deep small intestine by enteroscopy is technically feasible and can improve the symptoms of patients in a short time.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881386

ABSTRACT

@#Eleven alkaloids were isolated from the twigs and leaves of Ervatamia pandacaqui using chromatographic methods of silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS, and HPLC.Their structures were elucidated by physical,chemical and spectroscopic methods and determined as voacristine 7-hydroxyindolenine (1),iboxygaine (2), 19S-hydroxyibogamine (3), 3-oxotabersonine (4), perivine (5), pericyclivine (6), rhazinalinol (7), geissoschizol (8), 3, 14-dihydroolivacine (9), vallesamine (10), and conolobine A (11), respectively.All compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 829-833, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881266

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze changes of school canteen construction and canteen meal provision in surveilled schools after the initiation of the National Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Student (NNIPRCES), therefore to provide data basis for improving efficacy of school canteen meals.@*Methods@#From 2012 to 2017, among the 699 trial counties in 22 provinces under NNIPRCES, at least 10% of elementary schools and middle schools with each food supply model (canteen meals, enterprise meals, and family meals) were randomly selected in each county in each year. Questionnaire survey was conducted to collect school canteen construction and meal provision information. The sample size were around 8 000 to 11 000 schools every year.@*Results@#From 2012 to 2017, the proportion of schools that have canteens only, have both canteen and dining room, as well as those have canteen and dining room with tables and chairs significantly increased with years(χ 2=3 043.95, 6 383.85, 6 731.17, P<0.01). The proportion of schools having canteen increased from 59.5% in 2012 to 87.0% in 2017. The proportion of schools with canteen providing breakfast, lunch or dinner varied across years(χ 2=51.85, 144.96, 189.19, P<0.01). The varieties of food groups of three meals all significantly increased during 2012, 2014 and 2017(χ 2=702.30, 892.38, 550.55, P<0.01). The canteen construction indicators, proportion of canteens providing three meals, and food groups included in three meals all significantly differed between elementary schools and middle schools, also between schools of central area and western area(P<0.05). The changing patterns with year were significantly different in elementary schools and middle schools, and in schools of central area and western area(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#After the implementation of NNIPRCES, canteen construction and food variety in canteen meals significantly improved during 2012 to 2017. However, there are still gaps between changes of canteen construction and canteen meal provision. It is necessary to overcome obstacles to further increase the proportion of schools with canteen offering meals and the variety of food of meals.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 350-353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875693

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the changes of school absenteeism among students received Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Student (NIPCES), and to provide basic data for further nutritional health improvement for rural students.@*Methods@#Among 699 NIPCES monitored counties among 22 provinces across western and central China, 10%-30% of elementary and junior high schools were randomly selected as monitoring schools within each stratification according to the food supply pattern (school canteen, company and mix) in each county, school absenteeism information were collected and analyzed from 2012 to 2017.@*Results@#The total rate of student absenteeism was 26.0 per 10 000. From 2012 to 2016, it dropped from 30.8 per 10 000 to 23.4 per 10 000 year by year, but it increased again in 2017(28.2 per 10 000). The rate of school absenteeism in the western region (29.4 per 10 000) was higher than that in the central region (21.5 per 10 000); The sick leave rate (15.0 per 10 000) of primary school students was higher than that of junior high school students (13.4 per 10 000), and the rate of personal leave absences (16.9 per 10 000) of junior high school students was higher than that of elementary school students(9.9 per 10 000); the absentees rate in mixed-food supply schools (28.5 per 10 000) was higher than that in canteen food supply schools(26.4 per 10 000), the latter was higher than that of company food supply schools(25.0 per 10 000). The rate of sick leave absenteeism was highest in December(18.4 per 10 000), and the rate of personal leave absenteeism in June was highest(14.6 per 10 000).@*Conclusion@#The rate of school absenteeism among students in the NIPCES area showed an overall downward trend year by year. The absentee rate of students varies by regions, grade, food supply patterns and school locations.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 346-349, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875692

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the prevalence of stunting among students received subsidies of the National Nutrition Improvement Program for rural Compulsory Education Students (NNIPRCES) during 2012-2017.@*Methods@#By using the data from 2012-2017 NNIPRCES survey, students aged 6-15 with valid height records were included. Stunting was defined according to the Screening Criteria of Malnutrition for School Age Children and Adolescents (WS/T 456—2014). To explore the association of the risk of stunting between different regions, gender or age groups in rural students.@*Results@#The prevalence of stunting among students aged 6-15 who received subsidies of NNIPRCES during 2012-2017 were 8.0%, 7.9%, 6.9%, 6.5%, 6.0% and 5.3%, declined by 2.7, 1.8, 4.0 percentage points in average, as well as in central and western region, respectively. The prevalence of stunting declined with 2.7 percentage points for boys and ,2.9 percentage points for girls. The prevalence of stunting declined most at the age of 13, with 4.0 percentage points.@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of stunting of students has declined after the implementation of NNIPRCES from 2012 to 2017. However, the total prevalence of stunting was still high and the development was unbalanced between central and western region, which requires more target intervening strategies to improve the nutritional status of students.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 342-345, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875691

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate temporal trend in food supply among pilot schools involved in the National Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students (NNIPRCES).@*Methods@#Ten percent of pilot schools were randomly selected and asked to report the information on food supplies. Daily intake of energy, carbohydrates and protein for each student were calculated and compared with the reference value in Nutrition Guidelines of School Meals (WS/T 554-2017).@*Results@#Energy and protein supply increased among those pilot schools. The supply of energy increased from 1 566.5 kcal in 2012 to 1 927.4 kcal in 2017, protein increased from 49.0 g to 61.0 g. The energy ratio of fat increased from 31.9% to 34.9%, while energy ratio of carbohydrate decreased significantly (F=83.38, 128.36, 20.27 and 17.28, all P<0.05). The proportion of reasonable energy supply from carbohydrate and fat in 2017 were 17.5% and 26.8%, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The supply of energy and macronutrients in the pilot areas were unreasonable, more measures including dietary guide and monitoring need to be adopted to improve students nutrition status among rural areas.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 329-333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875688

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate snack consumption and the influencing factors associated with student participation in the Nutrition Improvement Program, and to provide a scientific basis for improving the program.@*Methods@#Among the 50 monitoring counties that implemented the Compulsory Education Student Nutrition Improvement Program, two primary schools and two junior schools were randomly selected according to different food supply patterns (i.e., school, company, and mix). This study randomly selected one or two classes from each grade, which ranged from grade 3 to grade 9. A questionnaire, which addressed snack consumption and choice, was distributed to 27 374 students.@*Results@#The findings revealed that 14.0% of students from poor rural areas in central and western regions consumed snacks two or more times per day, and 21.6% of students spent 3 yuan or more on snacks each day. The top three choices of snacks included fruit and vegetables (50.6%), biscuits and bread (50.1%), and puffed food (40.0%). Students who had mothers who worked outside the home, parents who worked outside the home, who consumed corporate meals, and who had access to a small shop on campus were more likely to consume snacks one or more times per day(OR=1.35,1.19,1.11,1.51,P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The phenomenon of snack consumption among primary and middle school students from poor rural areas in central and western regions is common, and the selection of unhealthy snacks was identified as a problem. A health education system with comprehensive support and guidance from individuals, families, schools, and society should be established to guide students to opt for healthier snacks.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880872

ABSTRACT

Orthodontic tooth movement elicits alveolar bone remodeling and orofacial pain that is manifested by tooth mechanical hyperalgesia. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is upregulated in periodontium and may modulate tooth mechanical hyperalgesia. The objectives were to examine the role of NGF in tooth mechanical hyperalgesia and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Tooth mechanical hyperalgesia was induced by ligating closed coil springs between incisors and molars in Sprague-Dawley rats. Retrograde labeling was performed by periodontal administration of fluor-conjugated NGF and the detection of fluorescence in trigeminal ganglia (TG). Lentivirus vectors carrying NGF shRNA were employed to knockdown the expression of NGF in TG. The administration of agonists, antagonists, and virus vectors into TG and periodontium was conducted. Tooth mechanical hyperalgesia was examined through the threshold of biting withdrawal. Our results revealed that tooth movement elicited tooth mechanical hyperalgesia that could be alleviated by NGF neutralizing antibody and that NGF was upregulated in periodontium (mainly in periodontal fibroblasts) and TG. Retrograde labeling revealed that periodontal NGF was retrogradely transported to TG after day 1. Acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) and NGF were co-expressed in trigeminal neurons and the percentage of co-expression was significantly higher following tooth movement. The administration of NGF and NGF neutralizing antibody into TG could upregulate and downregulate the expression of ASIC3 in TG, respectively. NGF aggravated tooth mechanical hyperalgesia that could be alleviated by ASIC3 antagonist (APETx2). Moreover, NGF neutralizing antibody mitigated tooth mechanical hyperalgesia that could be recapitulated by ASIC3 agonist (GMQ). NGF-based gene therapy abolished tooth mechanical hyperalgesia and downregulated ASIC3 expression. Taken together, in response to force stimuli, periodontal fibroblasts upregulated the expressions of NGF that was retrogradely transported to TG, where NGF elicited tooth mechanical hyperalgesia through upregulating ASIC3. NGF-based gene therapy is a viable method in alleviating tooth-movement-induced mechanical hyperalgesia.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the safety and efficacy of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cardia cancer (EGCC) in elderly patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on data of 499 EGCC patients who underwent ESD from January 2011 to June 2018 in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital. The patients were divided into two groups by age, the young/middle-aged group (<65 years old) and the elderly group (≥65 years old). The baseline data, lesion features, postoperative complications, short-term efficacy and long-term efficacy of the two groups were compared.Results:The elderly group included 272 patients (283 lesions) and the young/middle-aged group included 227 patients (229 lesions). Except that there were significant differences in the age ( P<0.001) and body mass index ( P=0.002) between the elderly group and the young/middle-aged group, there were no significant differences in the baseline data or pathological features between the two groups. The rate of curative resection in the elderly group was 77.0%, lower than that in the young/middle-aged group (84.3%, P=0.045). No significant differences were found in en bloc resection rate (100.0% VS 99.6%, P=1.000), complete resection rate (94.7% VS 93.9%, P=0.705), postoperative complications incidence (6.4% VS 5.7%, P=0.747), operation time (64.02±39.24 min VS 66.16±44.62 min, P=0.566) or hospitalization time (6.76±2.06 d VS 6.47±1.74 d, P=0.092]. After the median follow-up of 47.9 months, 13.4% patients in the elderly group received additional surgery, which was slightly lower than that in the young/middle-aged group ( P=0.891). There were no significant differences in postoperative recurrence, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, overall mortality and disease-related mortality between the two groups. The survival analysis showed that five-year overall survival rates were 94.41% and 96.34% in the elderly group and the young/middle-aged group respectively ( P=0.156), and five-year disease-specific survival rate were 99.18% and 99.03% in the two groups respectively ( P=0.858). Conclusion:ESD is safe and effective for EGCC in elderly patients with satisfactory short-term and long-term efficacy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the intestinal mucosal state of ulcerative colitis (UC) through UC endoscopic scores and to investigate the correlation between the endoscopic scores and clinical activity and histological scores.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on data of 152 patients who underwent colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2014 to September 2019. The results were graded with 7 endoscopic scores, namely, Mayo endoscopic score(MES), modified Baron score(MBS), endoscopic activity index(EAI) , Sutherland index(DAI or UCDAI) , Rachmilewitz endoscopic index(REI), Lemann endoscopic index (LEI), and ulcerative colitis endoscopic index of severity(UCEIS). Spearman correlation coefficients between endoscopic score and partial Mayo scores, Truelove-Witts disease severity score and Nancy index (NI), Robarts index (RHI) and Geboes score (GS) were calculated respectively. Consistency of each endoscopic score among different observers was analyzed.Results:Except for the weak correlation between DAI and Truelove - Witts classification ( r= 0.469, P < 0.001), all other endoscopic scores were moderately positively correlated with clinical activity scores with significance( all P<0.001). However, the correlation between 7 endoscopic scores and histological scores was weak ( P<0.001). Except that the consistency of MBS among observers was medium, those of MES, DAI and LEI among observers were poor, and those of UCEIS, EAI and REI among observers were worse ( P<0.001). Conclusion:Endoscopic scores were moderately correlated with clinical activity indexes and weakly correlated with histological scores. However, patients with endoscopic remission may have histologic inflammatory activity, so attention should be paid to histological mucosal healing after endoscopic remission. The consistency of all 7 endoscopic scoring stystems among observers was low, and the repeatability was poor.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871426

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and cost-effectiveness of endoscopic resection and surgical resection for gastric schwannomas arising from the muscularis propria layer.Methods:Thirty-eight consecutive cases of gastric schwannomas diagnosed by histopathology between October 2011 and July 2016 were divided into the endoscopy group(including endoscopic submucosal excavation and endoscopic full-thickness resection) and the surgery group. Complications, complete resection rate and cost-effectiveness were analyzed.Results:The age was 52±10 years (range, 41-63 years) with 11(28.9%) males and 27(71.1%) females. The most common site of gastric schwannomas was the body (71.1%) and the antrum (21.1%). All 38(100%) lesions were protruded. The maximum diameter of the lesions was 2.5±1.2 cm (range 0.6-4.5 cm). Under endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), 60.5% lesions were heterogeneous hypoechoic, and 15 (39.5%) hypoechoic. The complete resection rate of endoscopy group was 100.0% (17/17). The median operation time of the endoscopy group was 54 minutes. Perforations occurred in 11 patients (64.7%, 11/17), and metal clips or the nylon rope combined with metallic clips were used to close the defect in the endoscopy group. Compared with the surgery group, the length of hospital stay was significantly shorter (4.6±0.6 d VS 9.6±4.4 d, P<0.001); the time to the first fluid diet was significantly shorter (1.2±0.4 d VS 2.7±0.7 d, P<0.001), and the costs were significantly lower (21 965.0±9 342.4 yuan VS 34 253.3±10 520.9 yuan, P<0.001) in the endoscopy group. S100 immunoreactivity was present in all tumors. Local recurrence and distant metastasis did not occur during the median 34 months of follow-up. Conclusions:Endoscopic resection appears to be safe and effective for diagnosis and treatment of gastric schwannomas from the muscularis propria layer. The cost-effectiveness of endoscopic resection is significantly higher than surgical resection.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871373

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prerequisites for endoscopists, who were chosen to receive endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) training.Methods:A total of 41 trainees, who attended ESD training in the endoscopic center of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled in the study. The general information of the subjects were collected, including name, age, gender, the number of gastroscopy and colonoscopy independently performed before training, the independent usage of narrow band image (NBI), magnifying endoscopy (ME), endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), ESD, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) before training. And then every trainee independently finished four in vitro experiments of pig esophagus ESD. The specimen area and operating time were recorded, and the operating speed was calculated. Linear regression analysis was used to analyze the affecting factors of operating speed of ESD.Results:Among the 41 trainees, 26 were male and 15 were female, with age of 36.07±4.44 years. The specimen area, operating time and operating speed of pig esophagus ESD was 4.67±1.61 cm 2, 24.54±5.97 min, and 0.19±0.05 cm 2/min, respectively. Univariate linear regression analysis showed that the number of gastroscopy (n>5 000, P=0.001 8) and colonoscopy (n>3 000, P=0.000 1), the detect number of early cancer in upper digestive tract (n>30, P=0.000 3) and lower digestive tract (n>10, P=0.019 7), and the usage of ME ( P=0.047 8), EMR ( P=0.019 6) and ESD ( P=0.000 3) before training were statistically correlated with the operating speed of ESD. Carrying out NBI ( P=0.532 9), ERCP ( P=0.500 7) and EUS ( P=0.766 8) before training were not statistically correlated with the operating speed of ESD. The operating speed of ESD was negatively correlated with the perforation rate of ESD ( P<0.000 1). According to multivariable linear regression model, the usage of EMR ( P=0.029) and ESD ( P=0.034) were statistically correlated with the operating speed of ESD. Conclusion:ESD trainees, who have the number of gastroscopy more than 5 000, the number of colonoscopy more than 3 000, the detect number of early cancer more than 30 in upper digestive tract and 10 in lower digestive tract, and the usage of ME, EMR and ESD before training, can get a better training effect. The study provides a theoretical basis for selecting appropriate ESD trainees.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798896

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prerequisites for endoscopists, who were chosen to receive endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) training.@*Methods@#A total of 41 trainees, who attended ESD training in the endoscopic center of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled in the study. The general information of the subjects were collected, including name, age, gender, the number of gastroscopy and colonoscopy independently performed before training, the independent usage of narrow band image (NBI), magnifying endoscopy (ME), endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), ESD, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) before training. And then every trainee independently finished four in vitro experiments of pig esophagus ESD. The specimen area and operating time were recorded, and the operating speed was calculated. Linear regression analysis was used to analyze the affecting factors of operating speed of ESD.@*Results@#Among the 41 trainees, 26 were male and 15 were female, with age of 36.07±4.44 years. The specimen area, operating time and operating speed of pig esophagus ESD was 4.67±1.61 cm2, 24.54±5.97 min, and 0.19±0.05 cm2/min, respectively. Univariate linear regression analysis showed that the number of gastroscopy (n>5 000, P=0.001 8) and colonoscopy (n>3 000, P=0.000 1), the detect number of early cancer in upper digestive tract (n>30, P=0.000 3) and lower digestive tract (n>10, P=0.019 7), and the usage of ME (P=0.047 8), EMR (P=0.019 6) and ESD (P=0.000 3) before training were statistically correlated with the operating speed of ESD. Carrying out NBI (P=0.532 9), ERCP (P=0.500 7) and EUS (P=0.766 8) before training were not statistically correlated with the operating speed of ESD. The operating speed of ESD was negatively correlated with the perforation rate of ESD (P<0.000 1). According to multivariable linear regression model, the usage of EMR (P=0.029) and ESD (P=0.034) were statistically correlated with the operating speed of ESD.@*Conclusion@#ESD trainees, who have the number of gastroscopy more than 5 000, the number of colonoscopy more than 3 000, the detect number of early cancer more than 30 in upper digestive tract and 10 in lower digestive tract, and the usage of ME, EMR and ESD before training, can get a better training effect. The study provides a theoretical basis for selecting appropriate ESD trainees.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 511-514, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818809

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the height changes among children who had received subsidies of the National Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students (NNIPRCES) by comparing data from the year of 2012 and 2017.@*Methods@#Among 699 counties where NNIPRCES was implemented, at least 10% of elementary schools and primary middle schools with different food supply modes (school canteen meals, company meals, and mix meals) in the county were selected randomly. Forty students from one or two classes from each grade (grade 1 to grade 9) were randomly selected, to ensure equal proportion of boys and girls in each grade were surveyed, data on height from 1 655 793 students measured in 2012 were compared with 1 419 281 students measured in 2017. Height was measured by metal height pole within 0.1 cm accuracy.@*Results@#From 2012 to 2017, the average increase of height in boys and girls aged 6-15 years was 1.9 and 2.0 cm, respectively. Among them, maximum increment was found in boys at the age of 13 years and in girls at the age of 12 years, respectively, which was 3.0 and 2.8 cm. The average increase in boys from the central and western region was 2.1 and 2.2 cm, respectively, while increase in girls from the central and western region was both 2.2 cm. Compared with the results from 2012, height of boys with the 5th, 50th and 95th height percentiles in 2012 increased by 1.7, 2.0 and 2.1 cm, respectively in 2017, while the increase in girls was 2.1, 2.0 and 2.2 cm, respectively. The average increment of western students with the 5th and 95th height percentiles was higher than those of students from the central region.@*Conclusion@#The average height of students has increased after the implementation of NNIPRCES. However, the development was unbalanced between the central and western region, which requires more targeted intervening strategies to improve the nutritional status of students.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746095

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate efficacy and safety of oral prednisone acetate for prevention of esophageal stenosis after endoscopic submucosal dissection ( ESD) for patients with esophageal precancerous lesions or early esophageal carcinoma. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on data of 56 patients who underwent circumferential or semi-circumferential ( more than three quarters but not a complete circular) ESD for esophageal precancerous lesions or early cancer in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from October 2014 to October 2017. The patients were divided into the study group ( n=26, prednisolone oral administration after ESD ) and the control group ( n=30, without prednisolone oral administration after ESD) . Endoscopic dilatation was performed whenever patients experienced persistent dysphagia to solids. Clinical data, stricture rate, numbers of endoscopic dilatation, and adverse events were compared between the two groups. Results There were no differences in age, gender, location and length of lesions, endoscopic findings, depths of tumor invasion, and pathological subtypes between the two groups ( all P>0. 05) . The proportion of circumferential esophageal lesions in the study group was higher than that in the control group[53. 85% (14/26) VS 23. 33% (7/30), χ2=5. 53, P=0. 02]. The rata of post-procedural esophageal stricture in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group[ 30. 77% ( 8/26) VS 60. 00% (18/30), χ2=4. 78, P=0. 03], and the number of endoscopic dilatation was lesser in the study group than the control group (3. 85±2. 57 VS 9. 83±5. 82, t =7. 22, P =0. 00). There were no adverse events related to oral prednisone, and no treatment-related mortality. Conclusion Prednisone acetate oral administration is safe and effective to prevent esophageal stenosis after complete or semi-circular ESD for patients with esophageal precancerous lesions or early esophageal carcinoma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 470-474, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754941

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of mDIXON?Quant sequence in the quantitative evaluation of transfusion dependent patients with liver and pancreas iron deposition. Method Prospective collection of 34 transfusion dependent patients from December 2016 to May 2018 in Tianjin First Central Hospital who had not undergone iron chelation therapy was conducted in this study. According to the volume of blood transfusion,the subjects were divided into small amount of blood transfusion group (23 cases with blood transfusion of 2 000 to 5 000 ml within 3 years) and massive blood transfusion group (11 cases with blood transfusion of greater than 5 000 ml within 3 years). All patients underwent MR examinations using a Philips Ingenia 3.0 T MR scanner with multi?echo 3D?fast field echo (FFE) and 3D mDIXON?Quant protocols. For 3D multi?echo FFE images, the R2*(R2*=1/T2*) of liver and pancreas were calculated voxel by voxel. For mDIXON?Quant images,the dR2*(d R2*=1/dT2*),which was different from the R2*with 3D multi?echo FFE,was calculated within liver and pancreas voxel by voxel. Pearson correlation was performed to investigate the relationship between the R2*value and dR2*value of liver and pancreas in each group,and between the R2*(and dR2*) of liver and pancreas with the volume of blood transfusion. A paired ttest was used to compare the values of R2* and dR2* in the same patient. Results For small amount of blood transfusion group: liver and pancreas R2* and dR2* values were significantly correlated with the correlation coefficients of 0.993 and 0.962 respectively. There was no correlation between the value of liver and pancreas and the amount of blood transfusion (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in R2*and dR2*values in liver and pancreas (P>0.05). For massive blood transfusion group:when T2*was smaller than 1.8 ms, the SNR of T2*maps was lower than that of dT2*maps, and the noise seriously affects the T2*measurements. When T2*was greater than 1.8 ms:liver and pancreas R2*and dR2*values were significantly correlated with the correlation coefficients of 0.991 and 0.989 respectively. Liver R2* and dR2* value were correlated with the volume of blood transfusion with the correlation coefficients of 0.527 and 0.639 respectively. Pancreas R2* and dR2* value were correlated with the volume of blood transfusion with the correlation coefficients of 0.590 and 0.602 respectively. There was statistical difference in R2*value of liver and dR2*value in paired t test (P<0.05),but there was no significant difference in R2*value of pancreas and dR2* value of pancreas (P>0.05). Conclusions Both multi?echo 3D FFE and mDIXON?Quant sequences can be applied for the evaluation of organ iron deposition.The mDIXON?quant sequence has advantages in heavy liver and pancreatic iron quantification

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698151

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease(IBD)is a non-specific,chronic intestinal inflammatory disease,and the pathogenesis of IBD is not completely clear. Mesenchymal stem cell(MSC)is a kind of pluripotent stem cell,which has the function of homing,tissue repair and immunomodulation. The therapeutic effects of MSC in systemic lupus erythematosus,graft-versus-host disease,myocardial infarction and some other diseases have been confirmed. Recent studies have shown that MSC has a unique advantage in the treatment of IBD. This article reviewed the advances in study on MSC in the treatment of IBD.

18.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2017; 33 (2): 306-309
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-187888

ABSTRACT

Objective: To find out the effects of domperidone in combination with omeprazole in the treatment of chronic superficial gastritis [CSG]


Methods: Ninety-six patients who suffered from CSG and received treatment in the Binzhou People's Hospital from July 2013 to July 2014 were selected as research subjects. They were divided into a control group [48 cases] and a test group [48 cases] using double blind method. Patients in the control group were treated by omeprazole, while patients in the observation group were treated by domperidone in combination with omeprazole. The clinical effects of the two groups were observed and analyzed


Results: The scores of symptoms had no significant difference between the two groups before treatment. The improvement of the scores of symptoms in the test group was superior to that in the control group after treatment [P<0.05]. The overall response rate of the test group was 97.92% [47/48], higher than that of the control group [75.00%]. After treatment, the repair effect of gastric mucosa and the postoperative recurrence rate in the test group were superior to those of the control group [P<0.05]


Conclusion: Domperidone in combination with omeprazole can achieve ideal effect in the treatment of CSG, which is of great significance to the treatment and prognosis of patients

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665608

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics and relevance of main and minor lesions of synchronous multiple early gastric cancers ( SMEGC) and gastric high grade intraepithelial neoplasia ( GHGIN) . Methods Thirty-two patients with SMEGC or/and GHGIN who were diagnosed and treated with endoscopic submucosal dissection in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from July 2012 to September 2016 were enrolled in this study. Their clinicopathologic characteristics were summed up, and the correlation between main and minor lesions on the size, location, endoscopic classification, pathologic type, invasion depth and vascular invasion were analyzed. Results Among the 32 patients, with mean age of 66. 19±7. 46 years, 90. 62%(29/32) were male, 17 cases (53. 3%) had family history of gastric cancer, 25 (78. 13%) had smoking history, and 22 ( 68. 75%) were alcohol users. There were 30 cases ( 93. 75%) and 31 cases ( 96. 88%) with mucosal atrophy and intestinal metaplasia, respectively. The size of main and minor lesions showed a positive correlation (r=0. 4167, P=0. 018). The endoscopic classification of major and minor lesions had no statistical significant consistency ( P=0. 314 ) , but the pathologic type and invasion depth between major and minor lesions demonstrated a moderate significant positive correlation ( P<0. 05 ) . The comparison of location between the main and minor lesions did not show correlation. However, it showed a significant correlation between major lesion which on the upper 1/3 of stomach and minor lesion on the lower 1/3 of stomach ( r=0. 463,P=0. 003) . Further more, when the main lesion was at posterior gastric wall, the minor lesions on lesser curvature were increased, which showed a positive correlation( r=0. 417,P=0. 009) . Conclusion Old-age male with long-term smoking and alcohol history whose lesions combined with surrounding mucosa merger atrophy and intestinal metaplasia are considered as a high risk group in patients with SMEGC or/and GHGIN. Therefore, clinicians must keep high vigilant and make carefully observations on this group of patients during endoscopic examination, and consider the correlation between main and minor lesions to avoid misdiagnosis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641328

ABSTRACT

Background Trachoma is a serious blinding eye disease.At present,the incidence rate of trachoma in China has been greatly reduced with the unremitting efforts of World Health Orgnization (WHO) and Chinese government.However,in some economically underdeveloped areas,there is still active trachoma.Ohjective This study aimed to survey the prevalence of children's active trachoma in rural area of Naxi district and Jiangyang district of Luzhou city and assess the prevention and treatment outcome of trachoma during 10 years.Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in Naxi district and Jiangyang district of Luzhou city,the economic underdeveloping and water-starved regions in the year 2000.The active trachoma was screened in 214 school-age children with the male 113 and female 101 based on simplified trachoma grading system and trachoma rapid assessment survey standards and requirements of WHO.The symptoms of active trachoma were divided into trachomatous follicular (TF),trachomatous inflammation intense (TI),trachomatous scarring (TS),trachoma trichiasis (TT) and corneal opacities (CO).The epidemiological survey was re-assessed in 100 school-age children (with the male 58 and female 42) in these regions in the year 2013 to evaluate the prevalence change of children active trachoma during 10 years.Results In the year 2000,214 children were screened in 4 villages of Naxi district and Jiangyang district,and the prevalence rate of TF was 49.07% (105/214) in the year 2000.The prevalence rate of TF was 49.05% (52/106) in the Naxi district and 49.07% (53/108) in the Jiangyang district,showing no significant difference between them (x2 =0.01,P =0.99).In the 100 school-age children who received survey in Naxi district and Jiangyang district in the year 2013,no TF,TF,TI,TS,TT and CO was found,showing no active trachoma.Conclusions The active trachoma has been controlled in rural areas of Luzhou city following the prevention and treatment of trachoma and the improvement of economic status in past decade.

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