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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 922-932, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980843

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pancreatic β-cells elevate insulin production and secretion through a compensatory mechanism to override insulin resistance under metabolic stress conditions. Deficits in β-cell compensatory capacity result in hyperglycemia and type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the mechanism in the regulation of β-cell compensative capacity remains elusive. Nuclear factor-Y (NF-Y) is critical for pancreatic islets' homeostasis under physiological conditions, but its role in β-cell compensatory response to insulin resistance in obesity is unclear.@*METHODS@#In this study, using obese ( ob/ob ) mice with an absence of NF-Y subunit A (NF-YA) in β-cells ( ob , Nf-ya βKO) as well as rat insulinoma cell line (INS1)-based models, we determined whether NF-Y-mediated apoptosis makes an essential contribution to β-cell compensation upon metabolic stress.@*RESULTS@#Obese animals had markedly augmented NF-Y expression in pancreatic islets. Deletion of β-cell Nf-ya in obese mice worsened glucose intolerance and resulted in β-cell dysfunction, which was attributable to augmented β-cell apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Furthermore, primary pancreatic islets from Nf-ya βKO mice were sensitive to palmitate-induced β-cell apoptosis due to mitochondrial impairment and the attenuated antioxidant response, which resulted in the aggravation of phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and cleaved caspase-3. These detrimental effects were completely relieved by ROS scavenger. Ultimately, forced overexpression of NF-Y in INS1 β-cell line could rescue palmitate-induced β-cell apoptosis, dysfunction, and mitochondrial impairment.@*CONCLUSION@#Pancreatic NF-Y might be an essential regulator of β-cell compensation under metabolic stress.


Subject(s)
Rats , Mice , Animals , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Insulin , Insulin-Secreting Cells/metabolism , Apoptosis , Stress, Physiological , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Palmitates/pharmacology , Obesity/metabolism
2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 828-832, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704686

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To systematically evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of TCM external treatment for alopecia areata,and to investigate the regularity of prescription selection and medicine use. METHODS:Retrieved from PubMed,EMBase, Cochrane Library,CBM and CNKI,RCTs about TCM external treatment(trial group)vs. routine regimen(control group)in the treatment of alopecia areata were included. The qualities of included studies were evaluated with modified Jadad scale after literature screening and data extraction. Meta-analysis was conducted by using Rev Man 5.3 statistical software. Frequency statistics and ingredient analysis were conduced among included prescriptions. RESULTS:A total of 21 RCTs were included,involving 2 510 patients. Meta-analysis showed that total response rate of trial group was significantly higher than that of control group,with statistical significance [OR=4.14,95%CI(3.04,5.65),P<0.001]. There was no statistical difference in the incidence of ADR between 2 groups [OR=1.66,95%CI(3.04,5.65),P=0.48]. A total of 20 prescriptions among included 21 RCTs were included after the repeated prescriptions were deleted. Above prescriptions were analyzed statistically;there were 53 ingredients in 20 prescriptions,and the sum of use frequency for those ingredients was 138.The ingredients with high use frequency were Carthamus tinctorius,Platycladus orientalis,Salvia miltiorrhiza;main types of medicines were restoring vital energy,relieving exterior disorder,invigorating blood circulation and eliminating stasis,etc. CONCLUSIONS:TCM external treatment shows good therapeutic efficacy and safety. Medicines are mainly used for restoring vital energy,invigorating blood circulation and eliminating stasis.

3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 31-35, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the extent and time course of alveolar bone loss and osteoclast activation in two murine models of periodontal disease:molar ligation and Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.gingivalis) oral inoculation.Methods:A split-mouth design was applied to two groups of mice (C57BL6,6-8 weeks old,n =24 in both groups),resulting in four treatment groups:(1) Control group:unligated upper right 2nd molars receiving CMC only,(2)Ligature group:ligation of a 9-0 suture around the upper left 2nd molar,(3) P.gingivalis group:unligated upper right 2nd molar receiving P.gingivalis challenge only,(4)Ligature ± P.gingivalis group:ligation of the upper left 2nd molar in combination with oral inoculation with 109 colony-forming units(CFU) P.gingivalis.Alveolar bone loss was measured as the cementoenamel junction and alveolar bone crest (CEJ-ABC) distance.In the study,48 C57BL6 mice were designed and treated as described above,and osteoclasts were counted on histological sections following tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and counts were normalized to alveolar bone surface distance.Then 36 C57BL6 mice were investigated,of which 30 were ligated a 940 silk ligature around the 2nd molar in the left maxillary quadrant and 6 were not ligated.After ligation for 1 week,the ligatures in 12 mice were taken off for either 1 week or 2 weeks.The CEJ-ABC distance of the 6 mice without ligation was baseline.The CEJ-ABC distances were measured and analyzed.The data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA.Results:Molar ligation induced marked alveolar bone loss after 3,6,9 and 12 weeks [(0.16 ±0.04) mm,(0.16 ±0.02) mm,(0.18 ±0.03) mm,(0.17 ±0.02) mm],vs.corresponding controls [(0.09 ± 0.03) mm,(0.10 ± 0.01) mm,(0.12 ± 0.04) mm,(0.12 ± 0.01) mm] andP.gingivalisgroup [(0.09±0.03)mm、(0.12±0.01)mm,(0.12±0.02)mm,(0.10± 0.01) mm],P < 0.05.Combined treatment with molar ligation and P.gingivalis did not further increase the CEJ-ABC distance.Evidence for osteoclast activation was found one day after molar ligation,and TRAP-positive cell numbers peaked on day 3 (12 ±4 vs.control 2 ±2,P <0.01).After taking off ligature following ligation for 2 weeks,it showed significantly regrowth of alveolar bone compared with that before removal of the ligature on day 7 [(0.07 ±0.02) mm vs.(0.13 ± 0.01) mm,P < 0.01].Conclusion:Molar ligation is a rapid and effective way to induce periodontal bone loss in mice.Osteoclast activation occurs within 24 hours of ligature placement,and the extent of bone loss well exceeds that of the P.gingivalis-induced bone loss.Removing ligature after periodontal disease might help bone regeneration by regrowth of the alveolar bone.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 60-62, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445163

ABSTRACT

Objective We summarized the nursing care experience of spinal muscular atrophy complicated with pneumonia.Methods The measures of nursing care to the 9 children patients were comprised of preventing sputum blockage; preventing suffocating due to milk choking; paying special attention to the time being when the sputum blockage and milk choking occurred; early detection of paralysis of respiratory muscle; and training nursing skills to the families,and so on.Results All 9 children patients were cured and discharged from hospital.Conclusions The measure of targeting nursing intervention to the children with infantile spinal muscular atrophy and pneumonia could improve therapeutic effect and reduce mortality rate.

5.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 85-89, 2002.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254048

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the experience of minimally invasive treatment in 520 patients with intracranial aneurysms on a retrospective study.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The measures used in the treatment of 520 patients were reviewed in terms of timing of surgery, induced-hypotensive anesthesia, brain protection combined with temporal occlusion of the feeding artery, external drainage of CSF, dynamic monitoring of intracranial pressure, blood flow velocity, serum osmolality and CT scanning, anti-vasospasm therapy as well as selected interventional endovascular embolization of aneurysms.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 520 patients, 485 were treated with either direct clipping or endovascular embolization and 35 patients were treated non-surgically. In 449 patients undergoing direct clipping and 36 undergoing endovascular embolization, intraoperative rupture of aneurysm occurred in 27 (6.0%) and 0%, respectively. Death occurred in 13 (2.6%), hemiplegia in 8 (1.6%), and vegetative state in 2 (0.4%). The operative mortality of direct clipping was 3.8% in 210 patients before 1990 and 1.8% in 275 patients after 1990 (36 patients undergoing endovascular embolization, the operative mortality was 0%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The outcome of patients with intacranial aneurysms can be markedly improved and the operative mortality can be lowered by minimally invasive treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Mortality , Therapeutics , Embolization, Therapeutic , Follow-Up Studies , Intracranial Aneurysm , Mortality , General Surgery , Intraoperative Complications , Mortality , Microsurgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
6.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543220

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the distribution of the receptor for advanced glycation end products(RAGE) in gingival tissues of patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus(NIDDM) accompanying periodontitis.Methods:5 patients with chronic periodontitits(CP) and 4 patients with NIDDM accompanying periodontitis were included. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect RAGE and tumor necrosis factor ?(TNF-?) expression in gingival tissues.Interleukin 6(IL-6) and TNF-? levels in gingival crevicular fluid and serum of these patients were examined by ELISA.Results:More RAGE cells were observed in the gingival tissus in the patients of NIDDM with CP than in those of CP(P0.05).Conclusion:RAGE may play a role in the destruction of periodontal tissues in NIDDM patients with CP.

7.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556866

ABSTRACT

For uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock the traditional method and target of resuscitation may be harmful. The existing data supported a strategy of less aggressive interventions to those shock with uncontrolled hemorrhage until a decisive surgery begin. The choice of liquor for resuscitation remains in controversy. A combined application of crystalloid and colloid liquor seems to be reasonable and may be accepted by most physicians. It should be noted that the new resuscitation strategy may not be suitable to some kinds of trauma, such as traumatic brain injury, and its long-term effects on to the prognosis should be further evaluated.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12)1987.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-561162

ABSTRACT

Excitotoxicity refers to a process of neuronal death caused by excessive or prolonged activation of receptors for the excitatory amino acids, which is related to the overload of intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) and mitochondrial depolarization. The well accepted hypothesis that Ca2+ plays a central role in neurotoxicity, and it mediated excitotoxicity is deeply involved in both acute and chronic neurodegeneration suggests that inhibitors of Ca2+ transduction, such as NMDA antagonists, might block the pathological process at an early stage and provide more effective protections.

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