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1.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 52-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of serological indicators and evaluate the diagnostic value of a new established combined serological model on identifying the minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) in patients with compensated cirrhosis.Methods:This prospective multicenter study enrolled 263 compensated cirrhotic patients from 23 hospitals in 15 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities of China between October 2021 and August 2022. Clinical data and laboratory test results were collected, and the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score was calculated. Ammonia level was corrected to the upper limit of normal (AMM-ULN) by the baseline blood ammonia measurements/upper limit of the normal reference value. MHE was diagnosed by combined abnormal number connection test-A and abnormal digit symbol test as suggested by Guidelines on the management of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhosis. The patients were randomly divided (7∶3) into training set ( n=185) and validation set ( n=78) based on caret package of R language. Logistic regression was used to establish a combined model of MHE diagnosis. The diagnostic performance was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve, Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve. The internal verification was carried out by the Bootstrap method ( n=200). AUC comparisons were achieved using the Delong test. Results:In the training set, prevalence of MHE was 37.8% (70/185). There were statistically significant differences in AMM-ULN, albumin, platelet, alkaline phosphatase, international normalized ratio, MELD score and education between non-MHE group and MHE group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that AMM-ULN [odds ratio ( OR)=1.78, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.05-3.14, P=0.038] and MELD score ( OR=1.11, 95% CI 1.04-1.20, P=0.002) were independent risk factors for MHE, and the AUC for predicting MHE were 0.663, 0.625, respectively. Compared with the use of blood AMM-ULN and MELD score alone, the AUC of the combined model of AMM-ULN, MELD score and education exhibited better predictive performance in determining the presence of MHE was 0.755, the specificity and sensitivity was 85.2% and 55.7%, respectively. Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve showed that the model had good calibration ( P=0.733). The AUC for internal validation of the combined model for diagnosing MHE was 0.752. In the validation set, the AUC of the combined model for diagnosing MHE was 0.794, and Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed good calibration ( P=0.841). Conclusion:Use of the combined model including AMM-ULN, MELD score and education could improve the predictive efficiency of MHE among patients with compensated cirrhosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 659-666, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958349

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of independent and combined subtests of the psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES) in mild hepatic encephalopathy(MHE) of patients with liver cirrhosis, so as to optimize the PHES.Methods:This was a prospective, multicenter and real-world study which was sponsored by the National Clinical Research Center of Infectious Diseases and the Portal Hypertension Consortium. Twenty-six hospitals from 13 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities countrywide participated in this study, induding Tianjin Third Central Hospital, the Fourth People′s Hospital of Qinghai Province, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, the Third People′s Hospital of Taiyuan, the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital and so on. From October 2021 to February 2022, outpatients and hospitalized patients with liver cirrhosis and no obvious hepatic encephalopathy were consecutively enrolled. All patients received 5 PHES subjects in the same order: number connection test(NCT)-A, NCT-B, digit symbol test(DST), line tracing test(LTT) and serial dotting test(SDT), and the scores were calculated. The total score of PHES <-4 was taken as the cut-off value for diagnosing MHE. Compare the differences in each subtest between MHE group and non-MHE group. Receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) and area under the curve(AUC) was performed to assess the diagnostic value of independent and combined subtests in MHE. Mann-Whitney U test and DeLong test were used for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 581 patients with liver cirrhosis were enrolled, 457 were diagnosed as MHE, and the incidence of MHE was 78.7%. The results of NCT-A, NCT-B, SDT, LTT, DST of MHE group were 60.00 s(47.01 s, 88.00 s), 90.45 s(69.32 s, 125.35 s), 74.00 s(57.65 s, 96.60 s), 74.72(60.00, 98.61) and 27.00(20.00, 36.00), respectively. Compared those of non-MHE group(34.00 s(29.15 s, 44.48 s), 50.00 s(40.98 s, 60.77 s), 50.00 s(41.07 s, 63.03 s), 46.23(38.55, 59.42) and 42.00(34.00, 50.75)), the differences were statistically significant( Z=12.37, 12.98, 9.83, 11.56, 10.66; all P<0.001). The AUC(95% confidence interval(95% CI)) of subtests of PHES NCT-B, NCT-A, LTT, DST and SDT alone in MHE diagnosis were 0.880(0.849 to 0.910), 0.862(0.828 to 0.896), 0.838(0.799 to 0.877), 0.812(0.772 to 0.851) and 0.788(0.743 to 0.832), respectively. The combination of 2 PHES subtests significantly increased the diagnostic efficacy. Among them the diagnostic efficacy of the combination of NCT-B and LTT was the best, the AUC(95% CI) was 0.924(0.902 to 0.947), the specificity was 91.9% and the sensitivity was 79.2%, which was better than a single PHES subtest (NCT-A, NCT-B, SDT, LTT and DST) and the combination of NCT-A and DST(AUC was 0.879, 95% CI0.847 to 0.910) which was recommended by guidelines on the management of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhosis, the differences were statistically significant ( Z=3.78, 3.83, 5.57, 5.51, 5.38, 2.93; all P<0.01). Furthermore, compared between the combination of NCT-B and LTT and the combination of 3 subests of PHES, only the diagnostic efficacy of combination of NCT-B, LTT and SDT (AUC was 0.936, 95% CI 0.916 to 0.956) was better than that of the combination of NCT-B and LTT, the difference was statistically significant( Z=2.32, P=0.020). Conclusion:Based on the diagnostic efficacy and clinical feasibility of PHES subtests and their combinations, the combination of NCT-B and LTT is recommended for the diagnosis of MHE.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 153-155, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799342

ABSTRACT

Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma(PPGL) was a kind of neuroendocrine tumor that derived from chromaffin tissue, which seems to be an important etiology of secondary hypertension. With the development of molecular detection technology, at least 17 kinds of pathogenic genes of PPGL has been discovered, which is related to 35%-40% PPGL, and about 40% malignant PPGL is associated with SDHB gene mutation. In this study, we reported a case with a novel splicing mutation of SDHB gene induced paraganglioma.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 153-155, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870001

ABSTRACT

Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma(PPGL) was a kind of neuroendocrine tumor that derived from chromaffin tissue, which seems to be an important etiology of secondary hypertension. With the development of molecular detection technology, at least 17 kinds of pathogenic genes of PPGL has been discovered, which is related to 35%-40% PPGL, and about 40% malignant PPGL is associated with SDHB gene mutation. In this study, we reported a case with a novel splicing mutation of SDHB gene induced paraganglioma.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1626-1628, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779089

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence rate of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) keeps increasing, and the age of onset tends to become younger. NAFLD has become one of the major public health problems in the 21st century. This article reviews the research advances in the association between some chemokines (CCL2, CCL5, CXCL8, and CXCL10) and NAFLD in recent years, in order to provide directions for the research on the pathogenesis and prevention and treatment of NAFLD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 881-887, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800397

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To screen, diagnose and follow up the abnormal mutation in the gene screening of neonatal deafness.@*Methods@#A total of 24161 newborns born in Zhuhai Maternal and Child Health Hospital from February 1, 2015 to January 31, 2008 were screened for hearing and deafness genes, and audiological screening, diagnosis and 1-3 years follow-up were carried out for the newborns with positive gene screening.@*Results@#There were 991 cases of deafness gene mutation (533 males and 458 females), and the rate of abnormal mutation was 4.10%(991/24 161). Among them, 921 cases were single heterozygous mutation, 130 cases were failed in primary hearing screening, 11 cases were failed in secondary hearing screening, 8 cases were abnormal in audiological diagnosis finally. In these 8 cases, 3 were diagnosed as otitis media and passed audiological follow-up after cure, 2 cases of single ear sensorineural injury caused by high-risk factors, passed after close audiological follow-up, and the other 3 cases were closely audiological follow-up while none of them were successfully sequenced. All of them were moderate to severe sensorineural deafness, 1 case was heterozygous mutation at 3 loci of GJB2(c.235delC,c.408C>A,c.134G>A), 1 case was heterozygous mutation at 2 loci of GJB2(c.235delC, c.109G>A), and 1 case was single heterozygous mutation of GJB2(c.235delC). The remaining 913 cases who passed the primary screening, secondary screening or hearing diagnosis were followed up for 1 to 3 years. Three cases of multiple heterozygous mutation were found in gene screening(2 cases were SLC26A4 2168A>G, IVS7-2A>G, 1 case was GJB2 c.176_191del 16bp, c.299_300del AT), all of them passed both primary and secondary hearing screening. In these 3 cases, the final audiological diagnosis was moderate sensorineural deafness in both ears, with no improvement in the follow-up of 1-3 years. There were 9 monogenic homozygous mutations, 7 failed in primary hearing screening, 3 failed in secondary hearing screening and also failed in audiological diagnosis and 1-3 years′ audiological follow-up, all of whom were GJB2 c.235 del C homozygous mutations, and one of whom had a definite family history of deafness. The remaining 6 cases of homozygous mutation diagnosed by primary screening, secondary screening or hearing diagnosis were GJB2 c109G>A homozygous mutation, and passed the 1-3 years′ hearing follow-up. 58 children with mtDNA mutations, including 2 with 12S rRNA 1494C>T homozygous mutation, 47 with 1555A>G homozygous mutation, and 9 with 1555A>G heterozygous mutation, all passed the primary or secondary hearing screening, and were instructed to ban ototoxic drugs for the whole life, and passed the 1-3 years′ hearing follow-up.@*Conclusions@#The audiological follow-up of children with monogenic heterozygous mutations in deafness gene screening is generally normal. In case of abnormality, the influencing factors such as otitis media should be excluded at first. In case of unexplained moderate to severe sensorineural deafness, the whole-gene sequencing should be performed to find possible pathogenic factors. The children with homozygous mutation or compound heterozygous mutation in gene screening, most of whom show different degrees of hearing loss, should be followed up for a long time, and provide parents with scientific and reasonable genetic counseling according to the mutation genes and loci,. The hearing of drug-induced deafness gene carriers is normal after birth. Parents should be advised to strengthen prevention and follow-up is generally enough.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 834-837, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796354

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the abdominal fat distribution in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) and essential hypertension (EH), and to analyze the correlation between abdominal fat area and indexes such as glycolipid metabolism and insulin resistance.@*Methods@#Forty-five PA and 55 EH patients were collected from inpatients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University for suspicious secondary hypertension, from September 2016 to February 2019. All patients received quantitative computed tomography to measure the total abdominal fat area (TFA), visceral fat area (VFA), and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) when receiving adrenal CT detection. Visceral obesity was defined as VFA≥130 cm2. The percentage of visceral fat area in total abdominal fat area (V%=VFA/TFA), the ratio of visceral fat area to subcutaneous fat area (V/S=VFA/SFA) and the percentage of visceral obesity were calculated.@*Results@#TFA and VFA in EH group were higher than those in PA group matched by age, gender, and body mass index (BMI, all P<0.01), and there were no statistically significant differences in SFA, V%, V/S, and the percentage of visceral obesity between the two groups. In PA group, TFA and VFA were positively correlated with homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (P<0.01), TFA was positively correlated with triglycerides (TG) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, while SFA was positively correlated with TG (all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Compared with EH patients matched by age, gender, and BMI, TFA and VFA in PA patients are lower. Abdominal fat area is associated with insulin resistance and blood lipids in PA patients, while VFA exerts a greater effect on insulin resistance than that of TFA and SFA.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 834-837, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791723

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the abdominal fat distribution in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) and essential hypertension (EH), and to analyze the correlation between abdominal fat area and indexes such as glycolipid metabolism and insulin resistance. Methods Forty-five PA and 55 EH patients were collected from inpatients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University for suspicious secondary hypertension, from September 2016 to February 2019. All patients accepted quantitative computed tomography to measure the total abdominal fat area ( TFA), visceral fat area ( VFA), and subcutaneous fat area ( SFA) when accepted adrenal CT detection. Visceral obesity was defined as VFA≥130 cm2. The percentage of visceral fat area in total abdominal fat area (V%=VFA/TFA), the ratio of visceral fat area to subcutaneous fat area (V/S=VFA/SFA) and the percentage of visceral obesity were calculated. Results TFA and VFA in EH group were higher than those in PA group matched by age, gender, and body mass index (BMI, all P<0.01), and there were without statistically significant differences in SFA, V%, V/S, and the percentage of visceral obesity between the two groups. In PA group, TFA and VFA were positively correlated with homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index ( P<0. 01), TFA was positively correlated with triglycerides ( TG) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, while SFA was positively correlated with TG (all P<0.05). Conclusion Compared with EH patients matched by age, gender, and BMI, TFA and VFA in PA patients are lower. Abdominal fat area is associated with insulin resistance and blood lipids in PA patients, while VFA exerts a greater effect on insulin resistance than that of TFA and SFA.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 396-399, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691644

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the survival of oral arsenic-containing Qinghuang Powder (QHP) and low intensive chemotherapy (LIC) in the treatment of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods Forty-two AML patients older than 60 years in Xiyuan Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Of them,20 cases were treated with QHP (QHP group),22 cases were treated with LIC (LIC group).The survivals of the two groups were compared.Results There was no significant difference of median survival time (13 months vs.13.5 months,x2 =0.096,P =0.757),1-year survival rates (59.1% vs.70.0 %,x2 =0.543,P =0.461),2-year survival rates (13.6 % vs.15.0 %,x2 =0.016,P > 0.05),and 3-year survival rates (4.6 % vs.5.0 %,x2 =0.005,P > 0.05) between LIC and QHP groups.There was no significant difference of median survival time in age ≥75 year (12 months vs.12.5 months,x2 =1.317,P =0.251),performance status scores > 2 (12 months vs.12 months,x2 =0.834,P =0.361),hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with combined disease index > 2 (12 months vs.13 months,x2 =1.726,P =0.189),secondary AML (10 months vs.14 months,x2 =1.552,P =0.213),and poor cytogenetics (12 months vs.8 months,x2 =0.479,P =0.489) between LIC and QHP group.Conclusion The survival of elderly AML patients is considerable in patients treated with oral QHP and LIC,which suggests that oral QHP may be an equivalent alternative treatment since elderly AML (especially more than 75 years) patients refused to LIC therapy.

10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1276-1279, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238193

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical therapeutic effects and safety of chronic fatigue syndrome treated with transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on the conception vessel and the governor vessel.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-nine patients of chronic fatigue syndrome were randomized into an observation group (46 cases) and a control group (43 cases). In the observation group, TEAS was applied at Dazhui (GV 14) and Mingmen (GV 4), Shenque (CV 8) and Guanyuan (CV 4) [the current intensity: (14±2) mA]. In the control group, the simulated TEAS was applied at the same acupoints as the observation group (the current intensity: 1 mA). The treatment was given for 30 min, once a day, 5 times a week and the treatment of 4 weeks was as 1 session in the two groups. One session of treatment was required. Before treatment and at the end of 1 session of treatment, the fatigue severity scale (FSS) was adopted to evaluate the fatigue symptoms and the somatic and psychological health report (SPHERE) was adopted to evaluate the potential symptoms and observe the safety of TEAS therapy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the end of treatment, FSS score and SPHERE score in the control group were not different significantly as compared with those before treatment (both>0.05). FSS score and SPHERE score in the observation group were reduced significantly as compared with those before treatment (both<0.01). FSS score and SPHERE score in the observation group were reduced apparently as compared with those in the control group (both<0.001). In the entire process of treatment with TEAS, no any adverse reaction occurred.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TEAS on the conception vessel and the governor vessel relieves fatigue symptoms and the potential symptoms in the patients of chronic fatigue syndrome. It is a safe therapy.</p>

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 261-266, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609816

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of compound Qinghuang powder (compound QHP) for treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and its association with blood arsenic concentration (BAC). Methods 40 patients with MDS were treated with compound QHP, and the clinical efficacy, safety, and its association with BAC were evaluated after treatment for 6, 9 months, respectively. Results After treatment for 6 months, the rate of hematology improvement was 32.5 % (13/40), and the effective rate was 87.5%(35/40). 21 cases depended on the blood transfusion before treatment, after treatment 6 cases completely got rid of blood transfusion and the blood transfusion of another 6 cases was decreased by more than 50 %. The absolute neutrophil count was increased from (0.50±0.13)×109/L to (0.93±0.33)×109/L (t= 4.130, P= 0.0008). The hemoglobin content was increased from (71.06±14.82) g/L to (80.41±27.35) g/L (t= 2.233, P= 0.0321). After treatment for 9 months, 76.2 % (16/40) of the patients got rid of blood transfusion or blood transfusion reduction was more than 50%. The platelet count was increased from (45.04 ± 24.38)×109/L to (60.65±29.46)×109/L (t= 2.241, P= 0.0335). The incidence of abdominal pain and diarrhea after treatment for 1, 3 and 6 months were 12.5 % (5/40), 10.0 % (4/40) and 5.0 % (2/40), respectively, all belonging to mild level . Before treatment , there were 12 patients with abnormal liver function , including 6 cases back to normal after treatment, and 6 cases of significantly relieved, without new case with abnormal liver function. Before treatment, there were 10 cases with abnormal myocardial enzymes, including 1 cases back to normal after treatment and 9 cases significantly relieved, without new case with abnormal myocardial enzymes. No patient with abnormal renal function was observed before and after treatment. The BAC was (7.71±5.65) μg/L before treatment, which was significantly lower than that of 1, 3 and 6 months [(29.27±9.07)μg/L, (27.79 ±10.18) μg/L and (31.98 ±12.55) μg/L respectively, all P 0.05). The BAC in efficacy group [(33.48 ±12.56) μg/L] was significantly higher than that in non-efficacy group [(21.46 ±6.00) μg/L] (t=2.089, P=0.035). 12.5% (5/40) of the patients had mild gastrointestinal side effects after treatment for 1 month, while the BAC of them [(16.93 ±1.80) μg/L] was significantly lower than that in patients without gastrointestinal side effects [(31.78±1.39 ) μg/L, P<0.0001]. The occurrence rate of abdominal pain and diarrhea was decreased after treatment for 3 and 6 months, while the BAC was increased gradually. Conclusions Compound QHP is effective in the treatment of MDS with mild adverse reactions. There is no damage to the heart, liver, and renal function. Besides, it shows that reducing the gastrointestinal adverse reactions and maintaining the effective concentration of BAC play a significant role in the effect of compound QHP in the treatment of MDS.

12.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 22-26, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607327

ABSTRACT

Objective To search for application ways for the safe and effective clinical methods of arsenic-containing Compound Qinghuang Powder (Compound QHP) for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Methods Totally 200 patients with MDS were included in the study and treated with Compound QHP. After one-month treatment, the 60 patients with the blood arsenic concentrations 0.05). Conclusion In application of Compound QHP, the blood arsenic concentration can be monitored to adjust the daily dose of realgar, thus to increase the effective blood arsenic concentration, and then improving efficacy without increasing the clinical toxicity.

13.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 195-202, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296197

ABSTRACT

In order to develop a combined live vaccine that will be used to prevent against porcine parvovirus (PPV) and Pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection, the VP2 gene of PPV was inserted into the transfer vector plasmid pG to produce the recombinant plasmid pGVP2. The plasmid pGVP2 and the genome of PRV HB98 attenuated vaccine were transfected by using lipofectamine into swine testis cells for the homologous recombination. The recombinant virus rPRV-VP2 was purified by selection of green fluorescence plaques for five cycles. 6-week-old female Kunming mice were immunized intramuscularly with attenuated PRV parent HB98 strain, commercial inactivated vaccine against PPV, recombinant virus, DMEM culture solution. The injections were repeated with an equivalent dose after 2 weeks in all of the groups, and then challenged with the virulent PRV NY strain at 7 weeks after the first immunization. The recombinant virus rPRV-VP2 was successfully generated, and the recombinant virus could effectively elicite anti-PPV and PRV antibody and significant cellular immune response as indicated by anti-PPV ELISA and HI, PRV-neutralizing assay and flow cytometry. The challenge assay indicated that recombinant virus could protect the mice against the virulent PRV challenge. These results demonstrated that the recombinant virus can be a candidate recombinant vaccine strain for the prevention of PRV and PPV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Antibodies, Viral , Allergy and Immunology , Antigens, Viral , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Capsid Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Gene Expression , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Metabolism , Herpesvirus 1, Suid , Genetics , Metabolism , Parvovirus, Porcine , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Swine , Swine Diseases , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Viral Vaccines , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 71-75, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472359

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of dysfunction of T lymphocytes on clonal haematogenesis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Methods The cytogentics, the subsets of lymphocytes and their activation in 76 patients with MDS were analyzed. Results There were 36 patients with normal karyotype and 40 patients with abnormal karyotype. The incidence of abnormal karyotype were 52.6 %. There were 24 cases (60.0 %) with trisomy 8 (+8) in 40 cases of abnormal karyotype. The expression rates of CD+3 CD-19 cells, CD+3 CD-4 CD+8 cells and CD+3 HLA-DR+ cells in MDS were significantly increased, and CD-3 (CD16CD56)+ cells were significantly lower than that in control group. The expression rates of CD+3 (CD16CD56)+ cells in MDS with abnormal karyotype were significantly higher than that in control group. The expression rates of CD+3 CD+4 CD-8 cells in +8 MDS were significantly lower than that in MDS patients with normal karyotype and with other abnormal karyotype. The ratio of CD4/CD8 in +8 MDS were significantly lower than that in control group. Conclusion The abnormalities of T cell subsets and functions in patients with MDS were observed and the proliferation of malignant clone was prevalent which indicated a poor prognosis in MDS with abnormal karyotype. Dysfunction of immunosurveillance was more aggravated in +8 MDS, which led to excess proliferation of malignant clone and over inhibition of remaining haematogenesis.

15.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 576-577, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393222

ABSTRACT

nts were tend to suffer from AKI, with the most common cause of pre-renal injury and drugs such as antibiotics and contrast medium used in X-ray imaging. Outcomes of the patients with AKI depends on severity of their kidney injury.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 148-152, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384104

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the potential differences in serum proteomic profiles between patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(ESCC)and precancerous lesions in order to establish proteomic pattern model for diagnosis of ESCC and precancerous lesions in high risk area,and to investigate its value in screening ESCC.Methods The serum and endoscopic biopsy samples were obtained from 38 normal controls,63 patients with atypical hyperplasia(class Ⅰ 26 cases,class Ⅱ 26 cases,class Ⅲ 11 cases)and 36 patients with advanced esophageal carcinoma.The serum proteomic patterns were examined using surface enhanced laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry(SELDI-TOF-MS)and CM10 protein chip.The data was analyzed and disease diagnostic models were established using support vector machine(SVM).The diagnostic model was evaluated and validated by leave one cross validation.Results ①The diagnostic model could differentiate advanced esophageal carcinoma from normal controls with a specificity of 89.47%and a sensitivity of 83.33%.②The results delivered 92.31%,80.77% and 90.91%specificity,and 80.56%,83.33%and 94.44%sensitivity for discrimination of atypical hyperplasia Ⅰ,Ⅱand Ⅲ,respectively,using diagnostic models.③Four(4291,5644,5664,8775)m/z peaks observed repeatedly using diagnostic models.Conclusions The SELDI-TOF-MS and SVM provide a new approach for discrimination of ESCC and precancerous lesions in high risk area.Four(4291,5644,5664,8775)m/z peaks may considered as potential biomarkers which related to the ESCC and esophageal precancerous lesions.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622975

ABSTRACT

We have been in charge of the teaching of the curriculum of Obstetrics & Gynecology for foreign students from Pakistan since the year of 2005,and hitherto there have been two grades of foreign students who have received this course.We have accumulated some experience through the practice of teaching,and discovered some shortcomings and problems,which are summarized as three respects:teachers and equipment,study of students,and cooperation of patients.In allusion to the shortcomings and problems,we think that we should take measures and make improvement in the respects of teachers,students,patients and so on,in order to improve the quality of the teaching for foreign students in our school.

18.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528071

ABSTRACT

9).Renal pathology revealed 3 patients with class Ⅳ, 1 patient with class Ⅱ. Image results showed diffuse pulmonary infiltration lesions. Bronchial lavage fluid was hemorrhage. Three patients recovered after treatment with corticosteroid and intravenous cyclophosphamide therapy. Conclusions Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage is rare serious complications of lupus nephritis. Aggressive immunosuppressive therapy should be started early for a favorable outcome.

19.
Chinese Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587164

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of laparoscopic myomectomy.Methods A retrospective analysis was made on clinical data of 58 cases of laparoscopic myomectomy(Laparoscope Group) and 52 cases of open myomectomy(Open Group) from October 2002 to February 2004 in this hospital.Results The laparoscopic operation was all accomplished.The Laparoscope Group had significantly shorter operation time(58.0?11.2 min) than the Open Group(69.4?10.3 min)(t=(-5.535),(P=0.000)),less intraoperative blood loss(71.6?34.8 ml) than the Open Group(149.1?38.9 ml)(t=-11.029,P=0.000),lower postoperative pyrexia rate(21/58) than the Open Group(39/52)(?~2=16.642,P=0.000),shorter hospital stay(4.5?1.6 d) than the Open Group(7.6?2.1 d)(t=-8.760,P=0.000),higher total hospitalization costs (6 511.3?566.7 yuan) than the Open Group(6 286.8?387.5 yuan)(t=2.398,P=0.018),higher costs for anesthesia and operation(1 566.7?154.7 yuan) than the Open Group(946.6?156.6 yuan)(t=20.868,P=0.000),and lower costs for postoperative medication(703.5?140.2 yuan) than the Open Group(1 278.4?237.6 yuan)(t=-15.643,P=0.000).Follow-up observations in 56 cases in the Laparoscope Group and 50 cases in the Open Group for 18~34 months(mean,26 months) revealed no statistical differences in recurrence rate and pregnancy rate between the two groups.Conclusions Laparoscopic myomectomy has advantages of little hemorrhage,fast recovery,short hospital stay,and low complication rate,being one of ideal methods for the treatment of hysteromyoma.

20.
Chinese Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-586974

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and abdominopelvic lymphadenectomy in the treatment of malignant uterine tumors.Methods Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and abdominopelvic lymphadenectomy was performed in 62 cases of biopsy-confirmed early-stage malignant uterine tumors from February 2003 to August 2005.There were 26 cases of endometrial cancer and 36 cases of cervical cancer.Pelvic lymphadenectomy was conducted in all the cases;while selective lymphadenectomy of peripheral lymph nodes of the abdominal aorta was performed in 5 cases,followed by laparoscope-assisted vaginal hysterectomy(LAVH).Results The operation was completed under laparoscope in 61 cases,and a conversion to open surgery because of venous injuries was encountered in 1 case.The operation time was 165~265 min(mean,217 min);the intraoperative hemorrhage volume was 150~1200 ml(mean,260 ml);the number of excised lymph nodes was 13~23(mean,17).Bladder injury happened in 1 case and was successfully repaired under laparoscope.Postoperatively,urine retention developed in 4 cases and lymphatic cyst occurred in 5.Follow-up checkups for 1~28 months in 61 cases showed 1 case of recurrence at 3 postoperative month(stage Ⅱ_B cervical adeno-squamous carcinoma,withdrew from the treatment and died 4 months later).Conclusions Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and abdominopelvic lymphadenectomy is safe,feasible,effective,and reliable.

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