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1.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 12-16, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666272

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the nutrition status, sleep quality, anxiety and depression in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), and to analyze the relationships between them. Method Hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), mini nutritional assessment (MNA) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) were used to assess anxiety and depression, nutrition status and sleep quality in 118 CHF patients who were selected by convenience sanpling respectively. Results The score of anxiety of the patients was with a median of 5 (3, 8) and the score of depression was with a median of 5 (2, 8). Anxiety was present in 47 cases (39.8%). Depression was present in 48 cases (40.7%).MNA score was with an average of 21.5 ±3.5, 19 patients (16.1%) were malnourished, 59 patients (50.0%) were at risk of malnutrition and 40 (33.9%)well nourished. The MNA scores of patients with anxiety or depression were significantly lower than those with no anxiety or depression (P<0.001). The PSQI score in 118 patients was 6(4, 10), where 42(35.6%) were with sleep disorder and patients with depression and anxiety were higher than those without (P<0.01). The MNA score was negatively correlated with anxiety and depression (all P<0.001). The PSQI score was positively related with anxiety and depression (all P<0.01). Conclusions The prevalence of anxiety and depression was high in CHF patients. Both nutrition status and sleep quality were related to them. In the clinic work, medical workers should pay attention to the treatment of heart failure and the assessment of psychological status in heart failure patients with malnutrition or sleep disorders.

2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 603-606, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294665

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between hearing level and soft palate movement after palatoplasty and to verify the importance of recovery of soft palate movement function for improving the middle ear function as well as reducing the hearing loss.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 64 non-syndromic cleft palate patients were selected and the lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken. The patients hearing level was evaluated by the pure tone hearing threshold examination. This study also analyzed the correlation between hearing threshold of the patients after palatoplasty and the soft palate elevation angle and velopharyngeal rate respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Kendall correlation analysis revealed that the correlation coefficient between hearing threshold and the soft palate elevation angle after palatoplasty was -0.339 (r = -0.339, P < 0.01).The correlation showed a negative correlation. The hearing threshold decreased as the soft palate elevation angle increased. After palatoplasty, the correlation coefficient between the hearing threshold and the rate of velopharyngeal closure was -0.277 (r = -0.277, P < 0.01). The correlation showed a negative correlation. While, The hearing threshold decreased with the increase of velopharyngeal closure rate. The hearing threshold was correlated with soft palate elevation angle and velpharyngeal closure rate.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The movement of soft palate and velopharyngeal closure function after palatoplasty both have impact on patient hearing level. In terms of the influence level, the movement of soft palate has a higher level of impact on patient hearing level than velopharygeal closure function.</p>


Subject(s)
Auditory Threshold , Physiology , Cleft Palate , General Surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Hearing , Physiology , Hearing Tests , Humans , Palate, Soft , Physiology , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency , General Surgery , Velopharyngeal Sphincter , Physiology
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