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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 416-422, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745073

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the proliferative capacity of neural stem cells (NSCs) in rat hippocampus after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its relationship with Janus kinase 2/signaling and transcriptional activation factor 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway activity.Methods A total of 108 SD rats were randomly divided into control group (36 rats) and TBI group (72 rats).The TBI model was constructed by PinPointTM Precision Cortical Impactor.At 1,3,7,14,21 and 28 days after injury,the brain tissues were taken for immunofluorescence staining to detect the proliferation of NSCs [5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) +/stem cell key protein-2 (Sox2) +] in hippocampus,and phosphorylated JAK2 (p-JAK2) and phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3) were detected by Western blot.The expression level of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 as well as the changing trend were analyzed.On the basis of preliminary analysis of the proliferation of NSCs and the change of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway activity in hippocampus,another 24 SD rats were randomly divided into TBI + normal saline group and TBI +AG490 (JAK2 specific inhibitor) group,with 12 rats in each group.At 7 days after injury,the proliferation of NSCs in hippocampus was detected by immunofluorescence staining,and the expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 were detected by Western blot,so as to further confirm the correlation between the proliferation ability of NSCs in hippocampus and JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.Results Compared with the control group,the number of NSCs in the hippocampus of the TBI group and the expression of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 increased.And the most significant increase occurred at 7 days after injury [number of NSCs:31.2 ± 4.7 in the control group,111.4 ± 8.1 in the TBI group (P < 0.01);p-JAK2:1.11 ± 0.09 in the control group,2.16 ± 1.01 in the TBI group (P < 0.01);p-STAT3:1.05 ± 0.06 in the control group and 2.06 ± 0.09 in the TBI group (P < 0.01)].The proliferation of NSCs in hippocampus of TBI group was consistent with the change of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 expression.Seven days after injury,the expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 and the proliferation ability of NSCs in the TBI + AG490 were significantly decreased [p-JAK2:2.18 ± 0.15 in the TBI + isotonic saline group,1.24 ±0.10 in the TBI + AG490 group (P <0.01);p-STAT3:2.21 ±0.12 in the TBI + isotonic saline group,1.25 ± 0.11 in the TBI + AG490 group (P < 0.01);NSCs number:112.8 ± 8.6 in the TBI + isotonic saline group,75.5 ± 6.4 in the TBI + AG490 group (P < 0.05)].Conclusions The proliferation of NSCs in hippocampus of rats increased after TBI,and the activity of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway also increased,following the same trend.JAK2 inhibitor AG490 can reduce the activity of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway and the proliferation of NSCs.This can provide reference for researches on TBI promoting nerve regeneration and function repair.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 838-842, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661675

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1) changes on the proliferation of endogenous neural stem cells (NSCs) in hippocampus after traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods Rat TBI models were constructed by the means of controlled cortical injury.A total of 72 rats were included and randomly divided into four groups:sham,TBI,TBI + SEW (TBI + S1PR1 agonist SEW2871 intervention) and TBI + VPC group (TBI + S1PR1 antagonist VPC23019 intervention),with 18 rats per group.The TBI model was induced by a control cortical injury device.The injured rats in TBI + SEW group and TBI + VPC group were respectively administrated with S1PR1 agonist SEW2871 and antagonist VPC23019 at scheduled time points after TBI.Hippocampal S1PR1 expression was detected by Western-blotting and the proliferation of NSCs was assessed by double-labeled immunofluorescence staining at days 7,14 and 21 after injury.Results At days 7,14 and 21 after TBI,the hippocampal S1PR1 levels and NSCs proliferation amounts in sham,TBI,TBI + SEW and TBI + VPC groups were evidently different (P < 0.05).In particular,the outstanding changes among the four groups above occurred at 7 d after injury were as following:S1PR1 expression in TBI group significantly increased by 1.56 times compared with that in sham group,and it was respectively upregulated by 66.67% in TBI + SEW group and down-regulated by 20.29% in TBI + VPC group (P <0.05).The nmmber of NSCs proliferation in TBI group was 2.08 times more than that in sham group,and it increased by 36.75% in TBI + SEW group and reduced by 18.77% in TBI + VPC group (P < 0.05).Conclusion The expression of S1 PRI is closely associated with the proliferation of NSCs in hippocampus after TBI,indicating that S1PR1 activation may be an effective strategy to improve the posttraumatic neurogenesis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 838-842, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658756

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1) changes on the proliferation of endogenous neural stem cells (NSCs) in hippocampus after traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods Rat TBI models were constructed by the means of controlled cortical injury.A total of 72 rats were included and randomly divided into four groups:sham,TBI,TBI + SEW (TBI + S1PR1 agonist SEW2871 intervention) and TBI + VPC group (TBI + S1PR1 antagonist VPC23019 intervention),with 18 rats per group.The TBI model was induced by a control cortical injury device.The injured rats in TBI + SEW group and TBI + VPC group were respectively administrated with S1PR1 agonist SEW2871 and antagonist VPC23019 at scheduled time points after TBI.Hippocampal S1PR1 expression was detected by Western-blotting and the proliferation of NSCs was assessed by double-labeled immunofluorescence staining at days 7,14 and 21 after injury.Results At days 7,14 and 21 after TBI,the hippocampal S1PR1 levels and NSCs proliferation amounts in sham,TBI,TBI + SEW and TBI + VPC groups were evidently different (P < 0.05).In particular,the outstanding changes among the four groups above occurred at 7 d after injury were as following:S1PR1 expression in TBI group significantly increased by 1.56 times compared with that in sham group,and it was respectively upregulated by 66.67% in TBI + SEW group and down-regulated by 20.29% in TBI + VPC group (P <0.05).The nmmber of NSCs proliferation in TBI group was 2.08 times more than that in sham group,and it increased by 36.75% in TBI + SEW group and reduced by 18.77% in TBI + VPC group (P < 0.05).Conclusion The expression of S1 PRI is closely associated with the proliferation of NSCs in hippocampus after TBI,indicating that S1PR1 activation may be an effective strategy to improve the posttraumatic neurogenesis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 82-87, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505393

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expression changes of microRNA-124(miRNA-124) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in mice and investigate the correlation of miRNA-124 with neural axon regeneration.Methods Ninety-one C57BL/6 mice were assigned into TBI group (n =63) and control group (n =28) according to the random number table.Mice in TBI group were subjected to controlled cortical impact and euthanized at 12 hours and 1,3,7,14,21,28 days postinjury for the collection of brain tissue in the trauma zone.Mice in control group underwent craniectomy only.Trauma zone observation was done using the HE staining.Expression of miRNA-124 was detected using the real-time PCR.Levels of Nrp-1,Gap-43 and Tau were detected using the Western blot and immunohistochemical staining.Results After injtury,study of mice behavior and HE staining indicated the establishment of experimental model was successful.Expression of miRNA-124 reached the peak at 3 days postinjury (3.80 ± 0.22),expression of Nrp-1 reached the peak at 7 days postinjury (2.006 ±0.179),expression of Tau reached the peak at 14 days postinjury (2.063 ±0.172),and expression of Gap-43 sustained high level since 12 hours after injury(1.355 ± 0.093) (P < 0.05).Count of axon marker positive cells in TBI group was the lowest at 1 day postinjury due to the direct damage and edema,and then slowly recovered.There was no significant difference in the count of axon marker positive cells between the two groups at 14,21 and 28 days postinjury (P > 0.05),but the morphology in TBI group changed obviously.Although the positive cells of axon marker decreased at 1 day postinjury,expressions of miRNA-124,Nrp-1,Tau and Gap-43 in TBI group were significantly increased compared to the detections in control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion Increased expression of miRNA-124 in trauma zone may closely related to axon regeneration after TBI in mice.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338444

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To demonstrate the clinical applicability of three-dimensional CT angiography by evaluating the anatomic features and variation of inferior mesenteric artery(IMA) and left colic artery(LCA) in order to provide reference to vessel ligation strategy in laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical and image data of 123 patients receiving abdominal multislice CT at The Sixth Affiliated Hospital from 2014 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The images were 3D-reconstructed with computer 3D CT angiography and arterial enhancement phase images were chosen for analysis. Linear distances from IMA root to abdominal aortic bifurcation and from LCA at IMA root level to IMA root were measured. Branch types of IMA, coursing pattern of LCA, and association between LCA and inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) site were summarized.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 123 cases, 80 were males and 43 were females, mean age was (46.8±16.6) years, body weight was (57.7±10.4) kg, and BMI was (21.3±3.6) kg/m. The average distance from IMA root to abdominal aortic bifurcation was (42.5±7.9) mm, and this distance was closely associated with body weight (OR=4.771, 95%CI: 1.398 to 16.283, P=0.013). Longer distance tended to appear in the heavier patients. LCA and sigmoid artery (SA) originating from same single IMA was found in 61(49.6%) cases; LCA and SA forking at same point in 35(28.5%) cases; LCA and SA coursing together and forking afterwards in 24(19.5%) cases, and LCA disappearing in 3(2.4%) cases. In 71(57.7%) patients, LCA ascended medial to the lateral border of left kidney, while in 16(13.0%) patients, LCA arranged below the inferior border of left kidney. When the LCA site was higher and the distance from LCA to IMA root was closer [distance from LCA to IMA root level was (24.2±9.9) mm, (30.0±15.2) mm and (66.6±12.3) mm, F=83.2, P<0.001]. At the level of IMA root, LCA located medial to IMV in 21(17.1%) cases, located just lateral to IMV in 54(43.9%) cases, and located lateral and ascended far away from IMV in 48(39.0%) cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>3D-CT angiography is non-invasive, efficient and accurate in evaluating coursing features and variation of IMA and its branches, which can provide important reference to the surgeons, promising laparoscopic surgery smooth and safe.</p>

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505315

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a bowel disease with uncontrolled inflammation and unknown etiology.With the recent expert consensus,multidisciplinary collaborative groups focusing on IBD have been gradually built in China,and IBD is not only an internal medical disease anymore.Furthermore,the therapeutic effect of IBD has also been greatly improved,but it is still not satisfactory.Precision therapy is the future direction of treatment for IBD,meanwhile,stem cell therapy and fecal transplantation also provide the new choices for refractory IBD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323538

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the indications of colonoscopic screening for Crohn's disease in patients with fistula-in-ano.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 302 patients with perianal fistula who received colonoscopy examination from January 2010 to December 2013 in the Department of Colorectal Surgery, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University were analyzed retrospectively. Parameters for differentiating perianal Crohn's disease from nonspecific fistulae were screened by logistic regression analysis. A regression mathematical model was established for the prediction of perianal Crohn's disease.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 302 patients received colonoscopy examination, and Crohn's disease was found in 16 patients (CD group). Results of univariate analysis on 26 parameters of clinical manifestation, laboratory and radiological examination revealed that differences in 11 clinical parameters between the CD group and non-CD group were statistically significant(all P<0.05), including age, BMI, abdominal pain, non-specific symptoms, multiple fistula, complex anal fistula, neutrophil count, platelet count, activated partial thromboplastin time, hemoglobin concentration and serum albumin concentration. Multivariate analysis revealed that age≤40 years (OR=14.464, 95% CI: 1.143-183.053, P=0.039), BMI<24.0 kg/m(OR=8.220, 95% CI:1.005-67.200, P=0.049), abdominal pain (OR=13.148, 95% CI: 1.110-155.774, P=0.041), complex anal fistula (OR=7.056, 95% CI:1.166-42.688, P=0.033) and elevated platelet count (OR=1.012, 95% CI: 1.004-1.0194, P=0.003) were independent risk factors for discovery of Crohn's disease by colonoscopy. Area under the ROC curve of the regression mathematical model based on factors mentioned above was 0.921, indicating that the model was highly predictive. The sensitivity and specificity of this model was 81.3% and 86.7% respectively when the optimal diagnostic cut-off point was established at 0.856.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Parameters that predict Crohn's disease in patients with perianal fistula include age, BMI, abdominal pain, classification of fistula and platelet count. Colonoscopy is recommended for patients at high risk.</p>


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adult , Age Factors , Body Mass Index , Colonoscopy , Crohn Disease , Blood , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Neutrophils , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Platelet Count , ROC Curve , Rectal Fistula , Blood , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303926

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the risk factors of early surgical intervention in Crohn's disease (CD) patients with spontaneous intra-abdominal abscess.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 94 CD patients with spontaneous intra-abdominal abscess admitted to The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between May 2008 and Dec 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate analysis were applied to evaluate the early surgery risk of CD patients with spontaneous intra-abdominal abscess using logistic regression model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 94 eligible patients were identified from our registry, including 70 males and 24 females. The mean age at the diagnosis of CD and at development of abscess was 28.4 years and 30.4 years old, respectively. The median duration of CD between the diagnosis and development of an abscess was 3 years. According to the Montreal classification, L3 (ileocolonic) was the most common disease location (81.9%) in these patients. Most of the patients(76.6%) developed a single abscess, while multiple abscesses were detected in 22 patients(23.4%). Forty-four patients(46.8%) underwent surgery within 60 days after hospitalization due to spontaneous intra-abdominal abscess complicating CD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that history of abdominal surgery(OR=3.23, 95%CI:1.12 to 9.31, P=0.030), concomitant intestinal stenosis (OR=3.52, 95%CI:1.26 to 9.85, P=0.017) and concomitant intestinal fistula (OR=4.31, 95%CI:1.25 to 14.80, P=0.020) were the independent risk factors of early surgical intervention, while enteral nutrition (OR=0.18, 95%CI:0.05 to 0.62, P=0.007) was the independent protective factor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Nearly half of CD patients with spontaneous intra-abdominal abscess will undergo early surgical intervention. Patients with history of abdominal surgery, concomitant intestinal stenosis and concomitant intestinal fistula have higher risk of early surgical intervention, and appropriate application of enteral nutrition may reduce the risk.</p>

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 652-657, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469439

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and prognostic significance of Interleukin-36α (IL-36α) in colorectal cancer.Methods The expression of IL-36α was tested by immunohistochemical staining in 329 cases of colorectal cancer.According to the intensity and the proportion of positive tumor cells,all the patients were divided into IL-36α low and high expression groups.The clinicopathological factors and prognosis of patients between IL-36α low high expression groups were compared.Results Significant differences were observed in the number of patients in tumor differentiation and pM classification between patients in the IL-36α low and high expression groups (P < 0.05).The 5-year overall and tumorfree survival rates of patients were 79.3% and 77.2% in IL-36α low expression group,and 66.3% and 65.3% in IL-36α high expression group (P <0.05).COX proportional hazard regression model revealed that high expression of IL-36α was associated with short overall survival time and tumor-free survival time of colorectal cancer patients (P < 0.05).Multivariate analysis identified IL-36α expression in colorectal cancer as an independent prognosticator (P < 0.05).Conclusions High expression of IL-36α was correlated with tumor differentiation and pM classification of colorectal cancers,and it is an independent predictor of poor survival for patients with colorectal cancer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234958

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the efficacy of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) in a murine model of inflammatory bowel disease, and its potential mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Murine colitis mouse model of Crohn's disease(CD) was created by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid(TNBS)-induced colitis. Seventy-five 6-8 weeks female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group, TNBS group and ADMSC group. To verify the therapeutic effect of ADMSC, real-time PCR and immunohistochemical staining were performed to measure inflammatory cytokines levels in colon tissues. The 10-day survival statuses were recorded after the infusion of ADMSCs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Intraperitoneal injection of ADMSCs alleviated the clinical and histopathologic severity of intestinal inflammation, and increased survival(60% vs. 30%, P<0.05) in the TNBS-induced mouse model of CD. Compared with TNBS group, proinflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-12 and VEGF of ADMSC group were significantly reduced, with significant increase of IL-10 expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ADMSCs can effectively repair the injury of colonitis through down-regulation of proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-12 and VEGF expression, and up-regulation of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 expression, which may be a potential new alternative of cell-based therapy for CD.</p>


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Animals , Colitis , Crohn Disease , Cytokines , Disease Models, Animal , Down-Regulation , Female , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid , Up-Regulation
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455335

ABSTRACT

Surgical treatment is an important method for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) when it is complicated with other intestinal diseases or medical treatment fails.The appropriate timing of surgery can reduce the incidence of postoperative complications and is the key factor for the success of treatment.Excessive emphasis on medication and blindly extending the course of medication in case of invalidation will make patients lose the best opportunity of surgery.Surgeons should master different surgical techniques of acute and selective surgeries for IBD.Multi-disciplinary treatment mode is recommended.Adjustment of the preoperative medication,improvement of the nutritional status and the overall condition of the patients are necessary when surgery is unavoidable.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452513

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Transfusion of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells may become a novel and effective biological therapy for inflammatory bowel disease in clinical practice. Nevertheless, the oncological safety of the treatment is worrisome, and is a key to determine whether mesenchymal stem cells can be widely used in treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, and deserves further investigation. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the therapeutic effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem celltransfusion against inflammatory bowel disease in mouse models, and to clarify the effects of mesenchymal stem cells on tumorigenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS:Mouse model of colitis was established using Balb/c (H-2d) mice exposed to dextran sulfate sodium. Syngeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were transfused into mouse model through caudal vein. The therapeutic effect of mesenchymal stem cells was compared and observed, and pathological remission of colitis was evaluated. Mouse model of colitis-driven colon carcinogenesis was established using Balb/c (H-2d) mice exposed to dextran sulfate sodium and azoxymethane. Tumor formation within the murine colon was compared and observed after transfusion of mesenchymal stem cells. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:In models of dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis, weight loss and fecal occult blood were lessened in the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cellgroup compared with the phosphate buffered saline group. Histological damage score of colitis was less in the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cellgroup:mucosal structure of distal colon was almost intact under microscope, and there was smal area of epithelial defects and cryptal defects. Inflammatory cellinfiltration, proliferation of capil ary and smal vessels could be observed in mucosa and submucosa. Homing and colonization of mesenchymal stem cells in submucosa of inflamed colon could also be observed by in vivo tracing. In the dextran sulfate sodium/azoxymethane model of colitis-driven colon carcinogenesis, the number of intestinal tumors and tumor load were obviously less in the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cellgroup than in the control group. Results indicated that transfusion of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells can apparently improve colitis lesions of mice with inflammatory bowel disease and inhibit carcinogenesis of colitis, which may provide theoretical support for the biological safety of mesenchymal stem cells transplantation for inflammatory bowel disease.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435918

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for locally recurrent rectal cancer after radical resection.Methods The clinical data of 50 locally recurrent rectal cancer patients (recurrent group) and 100 matched controls (control group) who received radical resection at the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen university from January 2000 to March 2009 were retrospectively analyzed.Factors including tumor location,postoperative chemotherapy,tumor differentiation,vascular or neural invasion,T stage,tumor diameter,number of lymph nodes dissected and number of positive lymph nodes of the 2 groups were analysed by univariate analysis,and factors correlated with tumor recurrence were screened out.All data were analyzed using the chi-square test,t test,Wilcoxon test or Logistic regression analysis.Results All the patients were followed up till January 2013,and the median time of follow-up was 52 months.Twenty-two patients in the recurrent group and 32 patients in the control group died during the follow-up.The results of univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in tumor location and T stage between the 2 groups (x2 =6.407,9.652,P < 0.05).There were no significant differences in postoperative chemotherapy,tumor differentiation,vascular and neural invasion,tumor diameter,number of lymph nodes dissected and number of positive lymph nodes between the 2 groups (x2 =1.349,0.342,0.656,Z =7142.5,8214.5,7241.5,P > 0.05).The results of multivariate analysis showed that tumor location and T stage were the factors correlated with the tumor recurrence after radical resection (Wald =3.954,5.615,P < 0.05).Compared with upper rectal cancer,the local recurrence rate was not significantly different in the middle rectal cancer (OR =1.893,P > 0.05),whereas the lower rectal cancer had a higher local recurrence rate (OR =3.201,P <0.05).Compared with patients in T2 stage,the local recurrence rate was not significantly different in patients in T3 stage (OR =4.913,P >0.05),while patients in T4 stage had a higher local recurrence rate (OR =16.103,P < 0.05).Conclusion Locally recurrent rectal cancer is closely related to tumor location and T stage,which indicates that factors reflecting the extent of surgical resection (such as circumferential margin) are of great importance in assessing the prognosis and making subsequent treatment schedule.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435278

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the comprehensive treatment of Crohn's disease complicated with anal fistula.Methods The clinical data of 33 patients with Crohn's disease complicated with anal fistula who were admitted to the Sixth Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from June 2007 to April 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the range of the disease,surgical,medical and combined treatment were applied.Surgical treatment included thread-drawing drainage,fistulectomy,incision and drainage of the perianal abscess and enterostomy.Medical treatment include 5-aminosalicylic acid,immunosuppressive therapy,glucocorticoid,tumor necrosis factor monoclonal antibodies.All the patients were followed up till August 2012.The Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) and perianal Crohn's disease activity index (PDAI) before and after treatment were analyzed using the independent sample t test.Results Of the 33 patients,22 received surgical and medical treatment,7 received surgical treatment,and 4 received medical treatment.The anal fistula was healed in 18 patients after the initial treatment (3 of them did not receive surgical treatment),and the mean closure time of the fistula was (3.2 ± 2.6) months (range,1-12 months) ; the condition of 8 patients was improved ; 4 patients suffered from fistula persistence ; anal fistula recurrence was observed in 6 patients,and the time for anal fistula recurrence was (35 ±56)months (range,5-148 months).The preoperative CDAI and PDAI of the 33 patients were 166 ± 100 (range,7-361) and 9.2 ± 2.6 (range,5-16),and the postoperative CDAI and PDAI of the 33 patients were 83 ± 53 (range,0-212) and 2.7 ± 3.1 (range,0-11).There were significant differences between the pre-and postoperative CDAI and PDAI (t =4.20,8.92,P <0.05).Of the 12 patients who were failed in the initial treatment,the anal fistula was healed in 3 patients after the treatment,and the condition of the other 9 patients remained the same.Of the 6 patients with anal fistula recurrence,5 received reoperation (4 were healed and 1 remained the same after the treatment) and the fistula of 1 patient who received medical treatment was not healed.At the end of the follow up,the anal fistulas of 20 patients were healed,and 10 remained the same.Conclusions There is no standard treatment for Crohn's disease complicated with anal fistula,surgical treatment combined with medical treatment is important for the treatment of Crohn's disease complicated with anal fistula.Surgical procedures should be chosen carefully according to the condition of the patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426364

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the relationship between tumor-infiltrating mast cell (TIM) and the clinicopathological and prognostic factors of patients with colorectal cancer.MethodsA total of 282 cases of paraffin-embedded colorectal cancer specimens were obtained from the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2002 to December 2005.The density of TIM was determined by immunohistochemical staining.According to the mean TIM density detected [ ( 8.4 + 6.5 )/HPF ],all the patients were divided into low-TIM density group (mean TIM density <8.4/HPF) and high-TIM density group (mean TIM density >8.4/HPF).The clinicopathological factors and the prognosis of patients between high-TIM density group and low-TIM density group were compared.All data were analyzed using the t test or chi-square test.The survival curve was drawn using the Kaplan-Meier method,and the survival of the patients was analyzed by the Log-rank test.The clinicopathological factors were analyzed retrospectively with the univariate and multivariate COX regression model.ResultsTIM was detected in all the patients with colorectal cancer.Significant differences were observed in the number of patients in N stage and TNM stage between patients in the high-TIM density group and those in the lowTIM density group (x2 =6.025,7.410,P < 0.05 ).All patients were followed up till September 2010,the 5-year overall and tumor-free survival rates of patients were 82.9% and 63.1% in the low-TIM density group,79.0% and 59.3% in the high-TIM density group,with significant difference between the 2 groups (P < 0.05 ).COX proportional hazard regression model revealed that high density of TIM was associated with short overall survival time and tumor-free survival time of colorectal cancer patients ( RR =2.119,95 % CI 1.326- 3.386; RR =2.084,95 % CI 1.357-3.199,P <0.05).The resuhs of multivariate analysis showed that high density of TIM was the independent factor influencing the overall survival time and tumor-free survival time (RR =1.651,95% CI 1.009-2.702; RR =1.680,95% CI 1.074-2.629,P < 0.05 ).ConclusionHigh density of TIM is correlated with the N stage and TNM stage of colorectal cancer,and it is an independent predictor of poor survival for patients with colorectal cancer.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421553

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinicopathological factors on the prognosis and investigate the necessity of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with stage Ⅱ colorectal cancer.Methods The clinical data of 255 patients with stage Ⅱ colorectal cancer who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from January 2000 to December 2005 were collected.The survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier method,and the survival rate of the patients were analyzed by Log-rank test.Factors influencing the survival were analyzed by Cox regression model.Results All patients were followed up till April 23,2010,and the mean time of follow-up was (63 ± 22)months.The median survival time was 63 months.The 5-year and tumor-free survival rates were 85.3% and 83.7%,respectively.The 5-year overall and tumor-free survival rates of patients without preoperative bowel obstruction or perforation were 86.9% and 85.6%,which were sigaificantly higher than 72.7%and 68.4% of patients with preoperative bowel obstruction or perforation(x2 =4.546,4.573,P < 0.05 ).The 5-year overall and tumor-free survival rates of patients with negative resection margin were 85.5% and 83.9%,which were significantly higher than 75.0% and 75.0% of patients with positive resection margin(x2 =7.020,6.009,P < 0.05 ).The result of multivariate analysis revealed that preoperative bowel obstruction or perforation were the independent risk factors for patients with stage Ⅱ colorectal cancer(Wald =4.477,relative risk =2.371,95 % confidence interval:1.066-5.275,P < 0.05 ).The 5-year overall and tumor-free survival rates were 87.3% and 86.0% for patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy,and were 82.2% and 80.3% for patients who did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy (P > 0.05 ).Conclusions Preoperative bowel obstruction or perforation are independent risk factors for the survival of patients with stage Ⅱ colorectal cancer.Adjuvant chemotherapy could not improve the prognosis of patients with stage Ⅱ colorectal cancer.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 559-562, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416445

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and significance of calcyclin binding protein (CacyBP)in the brain of rat model of traumatic brain injury(TBI).Methods Sixty 60 male SD rats were divided randomly into normal control group (n=10) and TBI group (n=50).The TBI model was created by using lateral head rotation device and subdivided into 6 h,24 h,72 h,7 d and 14 d group (10 rats per group).The expression and distribution of CacyBP in the rat brain was investigated immunohistochemically.The presence of the brown stained particles was considered aspositiveand lack of the stained particles agnegative. Results CacyBP was mainly distributed in the hippocampus,dentate gyrus and cortical neuron cytoplasm.Compared with the high level expression of CacyBP in the normal control group,the expression of CacyBP was decreased to the lowest in the rat brain at 6 h post TBI (P0.05). Conclusion The lowest level expression of CacyBP after TBI indicates that CacyBP may play an important role in development of brain injury under effect of difierent mechanisms.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 555-558, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416444

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of glucocorticoid receptor(GR)expression in rat hippocampus on cognitive function after traumatic brain injury(TBI). Methods The TBI model wag established in rats.Then,immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to detect the GR expression and evaluate its relation with cognitire dysfunction by Morris water maze. Results Expression of hippocampal GR was down-regulated 4-10 days after TBI.Morris water maze test showed significant impairment of the cognitive function in rats. Conclusion There is correlation between expression change of hippocampal GR and cognitive dysfunction.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404213

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To explore the clinical pathological characteristics and treatment of pancreatic careinoid. [Methods] Eight patients with pancreatic careinoid were recruited between January in 1997 and December in 2007 for retrospective analysis which involved tumor markers, inanunohistostaining, accompanied with other tumors, misdiagnosis, metastasis, in-hospital mortality rate, and so on. The relevant literatures were simultaneously reviewed to comprehend the clinical pathological characteristics of pancreatic carcinoid. [Results] Tumor markers CEA, CA199, CA125, and CA72-4 in pancreatic carcinoid were 0%, 25%, 12.5%, and 0%, respectively. Specimen immanohistostaining Syn, CgA, NSE, and CK in pancreatic carcinoid were 25%, 62.5%, 75%, and 75%, respectively. Two pancreatic carcinoids were accompanied by other tumors in 8 cases. The misdiagnosis rate of pancreatic carcinoid (7/8) was markedly high. Pancreatic carcinoid possessed high metastasis (50%), high in-hospital mortality rate (37.5%) and low radical operation undergone (62.5%). [Conclusions] Pancrcatic carcinoid was accompanied with high misdiagnosis rate and poor prognosis. Routine sero-markers did not help discover pancreatic carcinoid early. The final diagnosis depended on specimen immunohistostaining with Syn, CgA, NSE, and CK.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387938

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with synchronous or metachronous liver metastasis of colorectal cancer. Methods Clinical data of patients with colorectal cancer liver metastasis from 1994 to 2006 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University was retrospectively analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method and long-rank test were used for bivariate comparisons. Multivariate analysis was done by the Cox regression model (Backward Wald). Results A total of 486 patients with colorectal cancer liver metastasis, including 191 synchronous and 295 metachronous liver metastasis, were analyzed. The overall 5-year cumulative survival rate was 16.2%, 9. 3% forsynchronous and 21.5% for metachronous liver metastasis respectively ( P < 0. 01 ). Liver metastasis was surgically resected in 267 patients, 151 received radiofrequency ablation and 68 underwent conservative therapy with 5-year cumulative survival rates of 22. 1%, 10. 3% and 0 ( P < 0. 01 ) respectively. On univariate analysis, poor prognosis was associated with older age, synchronous metastasis, higher serum CEA level, advanced N stage and poor differentiation of the primary tumor, bowel obstruction, ascites, tumor longitudinal length over 8cm, non-surgery therapy. Multivariate analysis indicated that synchronous metastasis, serum CEA level, ascites and therapy method were independent prognosis factors. Conclusions The time at which a metastasis occur, serum CEA level,ascites and curative surgical therapy determine the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer liver metastasis. Surgical resection of metastasis in selected patients could prolong survival.

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