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1.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 28-32, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989515

ABSTRACT

Small bowel capsule endoscopy and double-balloon enteroscopy have become new methods for clinical diagnosis of radiation enteritis (RE) , especially for abnormal intestinal tissue. Targeted biopsy or interventional therapy is expected to achieve precision treatment of RE. The screening of molecular markers in biological samples has also become a new direction for RE diagnosis. Fecal microbiota transplantation has become one of the promising treatments for RE. In addition, mechanism studies based on traditional Chinese medicine, targeted cell death, and omics analysis provide rich strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of RE.

2.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 181-184, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930062

ABSTRACT

Brain metastases are one of the most common distant metastases in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and the prognosis will be extremely poor. The effect of chemotherapy and operation is limited. As a standard treatment, radiotherapy is widely used in clinical practice. Radiotherapy alone includes whole brain radiotherapy, stereotactic radiotherapy and whole brain radiotherapy combined with stereotactic radiotherapy. With the continuous development of radiotherapy and the progress of gene sequencing, radiotherapy has been combined with targeted drugs, anti-angiogenic drugs and immunodrugs in the treatment of NSCLC brain metastasis, which can improve the survival of patients with NSCLC brain metastasis.

3.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1021-1025, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960518

ABSTRACT

Background Gene chip technology has been increasingly used in the diagnosis and treatment of common tuberculosis. However, its role in the diagnosis and treatment of silicosis complicated with mycobacterial infection remains unclear. Objective To evaluate the application value of gene chip technology in the diagnosis and treatment of silicosis complicated with mycobacterial infection. Methods From January 2019 to June 2021, 197 silicosis patients suspected to be complicated with mycobacterial infection in Quanzhou First Hospital Affiliated to Fujian Medical University were enrolled in this study. The etiology evaluation for the 197 patients was conducted by acid-fast staining of sputum smear (sputum smear method), culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis of sputum (sputum culture method), and gene chip technology of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF); and for 80 patients among them, acid-fast staining of BALF (BALF smear method) and culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis of BALF (BALF culture method) were additionally performed. The positive rates and consistency were assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Test for Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug resistance mutation gene was added for patients with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex by BALF gene chip technology. Results The average age of the 197 patients was (53.1±9.1) years, and the average dust exposure time was (21.1±9.4) years, including 192 males and 5 females. There were 8 cases with stage I silicosis, 17 cases with stage II silicosis, and 172 cases with stage III silicosis. Among them, 11.2% were positive for sputum smear; 24.4% were positive for sputum culture, and 36.0% were positive by gene chip of BALF. The difference between the three methods was statistically significant (P<0.05). The result of consistency test for the three methods showed that the ICC was 0.539 (P<0.001). Among the 80 patients, there was a significant difference in the positive rates of the five methods (χ2=25.23, P<0.001). The results of Bonferroni test showed statistically significant pair-wise differences between BALF culture method and sputum smear method, BALF culture method and BALF smear method, BALF gene chip method and sputum smear method, BALF gene chip method and BALF smear method (P<0.05), while there were no statistically significant differences between the other pairs (P>0.05). The result of consistency test for the five methods showed that the ICC was 0.586 (P<0.001). Among the 71 BALF gene chip positive cases, 59 cases reported positive Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (17 cases were positive in the first-line anti-tuberculosis resistance test, and 2 cases were found positive quinolone resistance gene in the second-line anti-tuberculosis resistance test), and received regular anti-tuberculosis treatment, among them 45 cases improved and 14 cases were stable; 12 cases reported non-tuberculous mycobacteria cases, among them 5 cases received anti-non-tuberculous mycobacteria treatment (4 cases improved and 1 case was stable), and 7 cases with mild symptoms did not receive anti-non-tuberculous mycobacteria treatment. Conclusion Compared with sputum smear, sputum culture, and other traditional methods, gene chip technology of BALF can improve the positive rate of pathogenic diagnosis of silicosis complicated with mycobacterial infection, and can also quickly identify whether it is non-tuberculous mycobacteria infection or drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, which is helpful to adjust treatment as soon as possible.

4.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 183-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987437

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the relationship among loneliness, Internet addiction and online deviant behavior of students in police colleges, and to discuss the related mechanism. MethodsIn March 2020, 766 students from a police college in Sichuan were selected by cluster sampling method, and assessed using University of California at Los Angeles-Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS), Diagnostic Scale for Internet Addiction Disorder (DSFIAD) and College Students' Online Deviant Behavior Questionnaire, then SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical, and Mplus 8.0 software was used to test the mediating and moderating effects. Results①The Online Deviant Behavior Questionnaire score of male students in police college was higher than that of female students (t=7.560, P<0.01). ②UCLA-LS score was positively correlated with DSFIAD score (r=0.406, P<0.01), and Online Deviant Behavior Questionnaire score was positively correlated with UCLA-LS and DSFIAD scores (r=0.279, 0.592, P<0.01). ③Loneliness could positively predict online deviant behavior (β=0.279, t=9.041, P<0.01). ④Internet addiction played a full mediating role between loneliness and online deviant behavior, with a mediating effect size of 0.233 (95% CI: 0.190~0.279, P<0.01), accounting for 83.51% of the total effect. ⑤Gender played a regulatory role in the second half (Internet addiction → online deviant behavior) of the intermediary path of "loneliness → Internet addiction → online deviant behavior" (β=-0.192, t=-4.461, P<0.01). ConclusionThe loneliness of police college students cause a direct impact on the online deviant behavior, and also pose an indirect impact on online deviant behavior through Internet addiction. Furthermore, loneliness has a moderated mediation effect on online deviant behavior, and is only significant in the male students.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 1004-1009, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993040

ABSTRACT

Cisplatin-based systemic chemotherapy combined with external beam radiation followed by intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) has become the standard treatment modality for locally advanced cervical cancer. Benefiting from the improvement in the imaging accuracy of medical imaging equipment and the development of image fusion technology, ICBT has developed into image-guided brachytherapy (IGBT) rather than the mode relying only on single image guidance. Factors such as the selection of a suitable image acquisition technology and the optimization of the multimodal imaging fusion strategy to reduce the dose deviation of IGBT are the key to the success of cervical cancer treatment. Radiotherapy practice is also plagued by these factors. Deep learning-based artificial intelligence technology has emerged in constructing intelligent radiotherapy platforms and solutions and has become an important means of solving the key problems in the multi-modal fusion IGBT for cervical cancer. Moreover, this technology is also a new way to improve the overall diagnosis and treatment level of cervical cancer, reduce the workload of physicians, and popularize the radiotherapy experience in grassroots organizations.

6.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 754-758, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989510

ABSTRACT

The prognosis of elderly patients with cervical cancer is poor. Currently, some studies show that elderly women still need regular screening for cervical cancer, and clinical screening methods with higher sensitivity for elderly women need to be explored. In terms of treatment, fewer elderly patients choose surgery, and radiotherapy is the most commonly used treatment. However, there is still no conclusion on whether chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunological therapy should be added during radiotherapy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 726-734, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910385

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic factors of oligometastatic (OM) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and the safety and effectiveness of early radiotherapy intervention.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted, including 159 OM NSCLC cases (metastatic sites≤5, metastasis organs≤3) admitted to Department of Radiation Oncology in First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to December 2018. Among 159 cases, there were 107 males and 52 females, with the median age of 63 years. 137 cases were administrated via early radiotherapy intervention, and 22 cases via delayed radiotherapy intervention. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to determine the progression-free survival time (PFS)/overall survival time (OS) to ascertain the best cut-off value for local control and prognosis. Survival analysis was calculated by Kaplan-Meier curves, and Log rank test was used for comparison of these curves. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate survival analysis.Results:The median follow-up time of 159 cases was 28.2 months. During the follow-up period, there were 16 cases with complete remission (10.1%), 53 cases with partial remission (33.3%), 27 cases with stable disease (17.0%), and 63 cases with progressed disease(39.6%). The local control rates at 3, 6 and 12 months were 83.9%, 59.7% and 41.0%, respectively. The median progression-free survival (PFS) of 159 patients was 8.0 months, the median survival time (OS) was 35.0 months, and 1, 2, and 3-year survival rates were 77.3%, 63.0% and 45.1%, respectively. Adverse reactions related to radiotherapy were relatively mild, mostly grade 1 and 2. PFS/OS= 0.3 is the best cut-off value for determining the patient′s local control and prognosis. The result of univariate analysis showed that gender, number of OM organs, T staging, radiotherapy intervention mode, tumor target volume absorbed dose (DT-GTVnx), PFS/OS were significantly related to median PFS ( χ2=4.175, 16.508, 4.408, 10.300, 6.842, 38.175, P<0.05); gender, pathological type, number of OM organs, initial diagnosis stage, T stage, N stage, lobectomy, radiotherapy intervention mode, tumor target volume (V-GTVnx), tumor load, local control status were significantly related to median OS ( χ2=6.672, 8.330, 21.299, 5.398, 6.874, 6.893, 5.611, 115.206, 4.017, 5.110, 21.299, P< 0.05). The result of multivariate analysis showed that delayed radiotherapy intervention ( HR=3.728, 95% CI 2.099-6.622, P<0.001) was an independent risk factor for PFS in patients with OM NSCLC, and PFS/OS>0.3 ( HR=0.123, 95% CI 0.062-0.246, P<0.001) was an independent protective factor for PFS in patients with OM NSCLC; male ( HR=1.665, 95% CI 1.024-3.043, P=0.033), high tumor burden ( HR=2.113, 95% CI 1.088-4.107, P=0.027), delayed radiotherapy interventions ( HR=15.076, 95% CI 7.925-28.680, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for OS in patients with OM NSCLC. Conclusions:OS of patients with OM NSCLC is significantly prolonged in female, low tumor burden and early radiotherapy intervention. Early radiotherapy intervention significantly improved the prognosis, and radiotherapy-related adverse reactions could be tolerated. These might suggest that local radiotherapy is safe and effective in the treatment of OM NSCLC patients.

8.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 618-621, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907591

ABSTRACT

Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors are a new class of molecular targeted drugs, which can enhance radiotherapy sensitivity by anti angiogenesis, inhibiting DNA damage repair and inhibiting mammalian target of rapamycin signal transduction. Existing clinical trials have confirmed that radiotherapy combined with CDK4/6 inhibitors can effectively control the local symptoms of breast cancer metastases and prolong progression-free survival. Compared with CDK4/6 inhibitors alone, the combination with radiotherapy does not significantly increase the incidence and severity of adverse reactions. However, there are also reports about severe adverse reactions of normal tissue happened in the radiation field in individual cases of combined treatment, and its efficacy and safety need to be clarified by more basic and clinical observational researches.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1048-1052, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014976

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of ezetimibe combined with statins on residual lipoprotein-cholesterol (RLP-C) levels and major cardiovascular adverse events (MACE) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after emergency intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 90 hospitalized patients with ACS and undergoing emergency PCI were randomly divided into two groups: 48 patients in the control group received atorvastatin, and 42 patients in the study group were additionally treated with ezetimibe. RLP-C level before and after treatment was detected. The occurrence of MACE events and adverse drug events during the treatment were obtained through regular follow-up. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the level of RLP-C in the study group was significantly decreased (P<0.05), the incidence of MACE were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and adverse drug events were not increased. CONCLUSION: The combination therapy of ezedemibe and statins can reduce RLP-C level and MACE in ACS patients undergoing emergency PCI with less adverse reactions, which is worthy of promotion and application.

10.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 554-558, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911628

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of secondary adrenocortical insufficiency(SACI)after kidney transplantation.Methods:Retrospective analysis was conducted for clinical data of 12 recipients with SACI after transplantation from March 2018 to November 2019(observation group). Meanwhile, 10 healthy subjects(control group)were randomly selected for in-hospital physical reexaminations during the same period. General data and morning cortisol levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH)and aldosterone were compared between two groups.Results:In observation group, there were 8 male and 4 female with an average age of (43.67±8.81) years. Six cases(50.0%)of SACI occurred during recovery period within 30 days and 3 cases(25.0%)within 30 to 90 days post-transplantation. Deceased citizen donation(DCD)was performed in 9 cases(75.0%)and re-transplanted in 3 cases(25.0%). Oral immunosuppressive regiments were administered in a low-dose prednisone-based triple/quadruple regimen. The mean eGFR of observation group was(54.08±20.03)ml/min. The first patient had adrenal crisis, the fourth had sole symptom of fatigue and the remainder stayed asymptomatic. All of them had persistent hyperkalemia and hyponatremia. The average level of plasma cortisol was(62.24±24.16)mmol/L and it was much lower than normal in all patients at 8 am. The determination of plasma ACTH at 8 am showed that 7 patients(58.33%)were lower than normal and the remaining 5 slightly surpassed the low limit of normal. The average level of plasma cortisol at 8 am was significantly lower in observation group than that in control group(141.34±26.28)nmol/L( t=-7.349, P<0.001). The average ACTH level of observation group at 8 am was(1.08±0.515)pmol/l and it was significantly lower than that of control group(2.53±1.06)pmol/L( t=-4.178, P<0.001). The level of aldosterone was normal in both groups and showed no significant difference. All patients in observation group received an intravenous injection of hydrocortisone with satisfactory outcomes. Conclusions:Transplant surgeons should be on a high alert for an occurrence of SACI in renal transplant recipients. Serum potassium and sodium levels may be the predictors of SACI.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 859-865, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To validate the feasibility of a deep learning-based clinical target volume (CTV) auto-segmentation algorithm for cervical cancer in clinical settings.Methods:CT data sets from 535 cervical cancer patients were collected. CTVs were delineated according to RTOG and JCOG guidelines, reviewed by experts, and then used as reference contours for training (definitive 177, post-operative 302) and test (definitive 23, post-operative 33). Four definitive and 6 post-operative cases were randomly selected from the testing cohort to be manually delineated by junior, intermediate, senior doctors, respectively. Dice coefficient (DSC), mean surface distance (MSD) and Hausdorff distance (HD) were used for test and comparison between auto-segmentation and RO delineation. Meantime, auto-segmentation time and manual delineation time were recorded.Results:Auto-segmentation models of dCTV 1, dCTV 2 and pCTV 1 were trained with VB-Net and showed good agreement with reference contours in the testing cohorts (DSC, 0.88, 0.70, 0.86 mm; MSD, 1.32, 2.42, 1.15 mm; HD, 21.6, 22.4, 20.8 mm). For dCTV 1, the difference between auto-segmentation and all three groups of doctors was not significant ( P>0.05). For dCTV 2 and pCTV 1, auto-segmentation was better than the junior and intermediate doctors (both P<0.05). Auto-segmentation time consumption was considerably shorter than that of manual delineation. Conclusions:Deep learning-based CTV auto-segmentation algorithm for cervical cancer achieves comparable accuracy to manual delineation of senior doctors. Clinical application of the algorithm can contribute to shortening doctors′ manual delineation time and improving clinical efficiency. Furthermore, it may serve as a guide for junior doctors to improve the consistency and accuracy of cervical cancer CTV delineation in clinical practice.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 1-10, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868391

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the metabolites in the fecal samples from cervical cancer patients and radiation-induced acute intestinal symptoms during radiotherapy.Methods A total of 51 cervical cancer patients who received radiotherapy in our hospital from September 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled.One patient was excluded due to efficiant sample failure,so a total of 50 patients were included in the study.Totally 200 fecal samples were collected at four time points,i.e.before radiotherapy,2 weeks post radiotherapy starting,4 weeks post radiotherapy starting and end of radiotherapy.These fecal samples were analyzed by non-targeted metabolomics using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS).Data were analyzed with statistical method including partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA),agglomerate hierarchical clustering to investigate the trend of metabolites expression in feces.Results A total of 5 770 metabolic peaks were detected and 121 biomarkers were identified,of which 77 biomarkers were up-regulated and 44 biomarkers were downregulated.Nineteen biomarkers were significantly changed at four time points after radiotherapy,including 1-methylxanthine,linoleic acid,5-aminopentanoic acid,phenethylamine,styrene,N-acetylglutamate,nandrolone,4-acetylaminobutyric acid,N-acetyl-L-phenylalanine,daidzein,cholic acid,arachidonic acid,methyl leucine,N-formyl-L-methionine,quercetin,phenylalanine,gluconic acid,melibiose and α-CMBHC.Four metabolic pathways of phenylalanine tyrosine,niacin and nicotinamide,linoleic acid and lysine degradation (Pathway imPact > 0.1) were found to be related to acute radiation enteritis.Conclusions The metabolites in the feces of cervical cancer patients change significantly during radiotherapy,and some biomarkers in the fecal supernatant are up-or down-regulated to varying degrees as doses increase,which provides new ideas and method for the prediction of acute radiation enteritis.

13.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 205-210, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of TCBI in middle-aged and elderly patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) who received radiotherapy.Methods:The clinical data of 191 patients with thoracic ESCC who underwent radiotherapy in the department of Radiation Oncology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2010 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the TCBI value on admission [TCBI=serum triglyceride (mg/dl) × total cholesterol (mg/dl) × body weight (kg)/1 000], patients were divided into TCBI low-value group ( n=79) and TCBI high-value group ( n=112). The relationships between TCBI and clinicopathological characteristics of patients were analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the overall survival (OS). The log-rank test was adopted to compare the differences in survival between different groups. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the factors affecting the prognosis of middle-aged and elderly patients with thoracic ESCC. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve was applied to verify the accuracy of TCBI for survival prediction. Results:The mean pre-radiotherapy TCBI was 1 082±945 in all patients. The cutoff value of the TCBI was 749. The patients with TCBI<749 served as the TCBI low-value group , and patients with TCBI≥749 served as the TCBI high-value group. TCBI was associated with treatment ( χ2=4.235, P=0.040) and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI, χ2=8.795, P=0.003). Univariate analysis suggested that male ( HR=2.220, 95% CI: 1.223-4.030, P=0.009), stage N 1-3 ( HR=1.453, 95% CI: 1.023-2.065, P=0.037), GNRI<98 ( HR=1.949, 95% CI: 1.168-3.255, P=0.011) and TCBI<749 ( HR=1.846, 95% CI: 1.298-2.627, P=0.001) were risk factors affecting OS in middle-aged and elderly patients with thoracic ESCC. Besides, postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy ( HR=0.641, 95% CI: 0.449-0.915, P=0.014) was a protective factor. Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that male ( HR=2.147, 95% CI: 1.173-3.929, P=0.013) and TCBI<749 ( HR=1.664, 95% CI: 1.166-2.376, P=0.005) were independent risk factors for OS. Besides, postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy ( HR=0.630, 95% CI: 0.439-0.903, P=0.012) was an independent protective factor. The area under the curve calculated by the ROC curve was 0.619, the sensitivity was 0.742, and the specificity was 0.496 ( P=0.007), confirming the role of TCBI in the prognostic evaluation. Survival analysis showed that the median OS of patients in the TCBI high-value group was 42 months, and the 1-year and 3-year survival rates were 86.6% and 52.7%, significantly higher than those in the TCBI low-value group (20 months, 68.4% and 29.1% respectively; χ2=12.286, P<0.001). Subgroup analysis showed that among patients with radical radiotherapy, 3-year survival rate in patients with lower TCBI ( n=37) was lower than that in patients with higher values ( n=36) (21.6% vs. 44.4%, χ2=8.505, P=0.004). Conclusion:TCBI is a predictor of OS for middle-aged and elderly patients with thoracic ESCC who received radiotherapy. The lower the TCBI, the poorer the survival prognosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 1-10, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798771

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between the metabolites in the fecal samples from cervical cancer patients and radiation-induced acute intestinal symptoms during radiotherapy.@*Methods@#A total of 51 cervical cancer patients who received radiotherapy in our hospital from September 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled. One patient was excluded due to efficiant sample failure, so a total of 50 patients were included in the study. Totally 200 fecal samples were collected at four time points, i. e. before radiotherapy, 2 weeks post radiotherapy starting, 4 weeks post radiotherapy starting and end of radiotherapy. These fecal samples were analyzed by non-targeted metabolomics using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Data were analyzed with statistical method including partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), agglomerate hierarchical clustering to investigate the trend of metabolites expression in feces.@*Results@#A total of 5 770 metabolic peaks were detected and 121 biomarkers were identified, of which 77 biomarkers were up-regulated and 44 biomarkers were down-regulated. Nineteen biomarkers were significantly changed at four time points after radiotherapy, including 1-methylxanthine, linoleic acid, 5-aminopentanoic acid, phenethylamine, styrene, N-acetylglutamate, nandrolone, 4-acetylaminobutyric acid, N-acetyl-L-phenylalanine, daidzein, cholic acid, arachidonic acid, methyl leucine, N-formyl-L-methionine, quercetin, phenylalanine, gluconic acid, melibiose and α-CMBHC. Four metabolic pathways of phenylalanine tyrosine, niacin and nicotinamide, linoleic acid and lysine degradation (Pathway imPact >0.1) were found to be related to acute radiation enteritis.@*Conclusions@#The metabolites in the feces of cervical cancer patients change significantly during radiotherapy, and some biomarkers in the fecal supernatant are up- or down-regulated to varying degrees as doses increase, which provides new ideas and method for the prediction of acute radiation enteritis.

15.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 277-286, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822995

ABSTRACT

@#The incidence of liver disease is increasing year by year. Due to the complex predisposing factors and unclear pathogenesis of liver diseases, the cure rate is still not ideal, so it is urgent to clarify its mechanism to find more effective therapeutic targets and drugs. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), as a non-coding RNA with a length of more than 200 nt, is a research hotspot in liver diseases in recent years. Focusing on the main signal transduction pathways in liver diseases, this review mainly summarizes the latest research progress of lncRNA in regulating liver disease-related signaling pathways, and elaborates that lncRNAs participate in various physiological processes such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and migration by regulating key signaling pathways in liver diseases, thereby promoting the occurrence and development of liver diseases. This review provides new ideas for studying the mechanism of liver diseases, and new directions for finding new targets and biomarkers for the treatment of liver diseases.

16.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 43-48, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734695

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the trigger delay and work of trigger between neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) and pressure support ventilation (PSV) in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) patients with intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during mechanical ventilation. Methods AECOPD patients with intrinsic PEEP (PEEPi) greater than or equal to 3 cmH2O (1 cmH2O=0.098 kPa) were enrolled during invasive mechanical ventilation. Subjects were ventilated with low, medium and high pressure under either NAVA or PSV mode. Servo Tracker software continuously recorded the waveform of ventilator and respiratory mechanics indexes (including respiratory frequency, inspiratory tidal volume (Vti), minute ventilation volume (VE), peak airway pressure (PIP), inspiratory time), and calculated trigger and expiratory conversion delay time, work of trigger and total work of breath. Results A total of 14 AECOPD patients were enrolled with the average PEEPi (4.3±1.3) cmH2O. PSV inspiratory trigger delay time was positively correlated with PEEPi (r=0.913, P<0.05). Compared with PSV, NAVA significantly decreased trigger delay time in low, medium and high pressure level groups [(48±17) ms vs. (167±86) ms, (63±65) ms vs. (247±240) ms, (63±49) ms vs. (342±192) ms,respectively all P<0.05]. Similar results were shown as to work of trigger [(0.92±0.36) μV?s vs. (1.22±0.70) μV?s, (1.08±0.51) μV?s vs. (1.62 ± 1.25) μV?s, (1.20 ± 0.96) μV?s vs. (2.29 ± 1.02) μV?s, all P<0.05]. Trigger delay time increased according to the increase of pressure level in PSV mode.Conclusion The presence of PEEPi in AECOPD patients leads to obvious trigger delay under PSV mode, which is positively correlated with PEEPi level. NAVA significantly reduces trigger delay time and work of trigger compared with PSV mode.

17.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 462-467, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791837

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether therapeutic dosing timing of proteasome inhibitor bortezomib(BZ) would impact its clinical efficacy .Methods From 2012 to 2018 ,35 biopsy-confirmed cases of acute antibody-mediated kidney transplant rejection (AMR) were collected .They received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) plus sirolimus (Sir) plus bortezomib (BZ) .Three groups were assigned according to dosing timing of BZ .After a diagnosis of AMR ,ET (early treatment ) group began BZ dosing within 7 days (n=16) while DT (delayed treatment) group within 8-14 days (n=11) and LT (late treatment) group > 14 days (n= 8).Their clinical parameters and incidence of complications were analyzed .Results DSA reversal rate of ET ,DT and LT groups was 87 .5% , 45 .5% and 25 .0% (P=0 .006) while DSA declining rate 93 .8% ,90 .9% and 50% respectively (P=0 .019);recurrent rate of AMR was lower in ET/DT group than LT group (6 .6% vs 10% vs 75% , P=0 .042) .No significant differences existed in blood perfusion score of allograft at 1 month post-dosing among three groups .In three groups ,creatinine (Cr) of ET group was lower than DT group at month 1/3/12 while DT group was lower than LT group .No significant difference existed in the incidence of adverse reactions among 3 groups .Conclusions More likely to enter the window period , early dosing of BZ is more effective for treating acute AMR .An earlier intervention yields a better efficacy .

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 28-30, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745653

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of doxofylline on pulmonary inflammatory response induced by mechanical ventilation in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods Thirty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 200-250 g,were divided into 3 groups (n=10 each) using a random number table method:control group (C group),COPD group and doxofylline group (Dox group).Rats were fed in normoxia for 2 months,and normal saline 0.2 ml was injected into the trachea on 1st and 30th days in C group.Rats were exposed to cigarette smoke for 30 min every day,lasting for 2 months,and lipopolysaccharide 200 μg (0.2 ml) was injected into the trachea on 1st and 30th days in COPD and Dox groups.Two months later,rats in each group were anesthetized,tracheally intubated,and then mechanically ventilated.Doxofylline 50 mg/kg was intravenously injected immediately after intubation in Dox group,and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in C and COPD groups.Pulmonary specimens were taken after 120 min of mechanical ventilation for examination of pathological changes and for determination of wet/dry weight ratio (W/D ratio) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) contents (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).Results No significant pathological change of lung tissues was found in C group,and COPD pathological changes were observed in COPD and Dox groups.Compared with C group,the W/D ratio and TNF-α level were significantly increased,and the IL-10 level was decreased in COPD and Dox groups (P<0.05).Compared with COPD group,the W/D ratio and TNF-α level were significantly decreased,and the IL-10 level was increased in Dox group (P<0.05).Conclusion Doxofylline can reduce the pulmonary inflammatory response induced by mechanical ventilation in rats with COPD.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 226-229, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745287

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is one of the most important treatments of high-grade gliomas (HGG).Currently,there has been no consensus on the standards for the delineation of the gross tumor volume (GTV) based on the simulated computed tomography (CT) scanning and conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).As the radiological technology advances,researchers have found that the application of multimodal MRI including 1 H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H-MRS),blood oxygenation level dependent functional MRI (BOLD-fMRI),diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can evaluate the range of HGG invasion and locate the surrounding vital tissues,thereby serving as a supplement for the delineation of target volume and protection of organs at risk.Moreover,multimodal MRI can be utilized to evaluate the clinical efficacy of radiotherapy,detect the radiation-induced injury and differentiate the progressive disease from pseudoprogression.In this article,the application of multimodal MRI in the postoperative radiotherapy for patients with high-grade glioma was reviewed.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 476-480, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754994

ABSTRACT

In recent years,the relationship between gut microbiota and malignant tumors has been a hot topic.Beneficial gut microbiota microenviroment can promote the efficacy of anti-PD-1-based immunotherapy against epithelial or melanoma,and this efficacy can be achieved by fecal microbiota transplantation.For patients who have received pelvic radiotherapy,gut microbiota composition is significantly changed,and taking probiotics can reduce the radiation-induced toxicities such as diarrhea caused by radiotherapy.The studies have shown that the gut microbiotaof patients who have been given chemotherapy had changed significantly.So improving the related bacteria number can increase the efficacy and tolerance.Balancing the gut microbiome is expected to be a new supportive therapy for the treatment of malignant tumors.

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