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Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 41-46, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805982


Objective@#To explore effects of histone deacetylase inhibitor Belinostat on the immunologic function of dendritic cells (DC) and its possible mechanism.@*Methods@#Cultured mouse bone marrow-derived DC from C57BL/6 mouse in vitro. The experiments were divided into 0, 50, 100 nmol/L Belinostat + immature DC (imDC) group, and 0, 50, 100 nmol/L Belinostat mature DC (mDC). The changes of the ultrastructure of DC were observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM). Immunophenotype and CCR7 expression rate were detected by FCM, and the migration rate was observed by chemotaxis assay. The proliferation of lymphocytes stimulated by different DC was detected by mixed lymphocyte culture reaction. The cytokines in the culture supernatant, including TNF-α, IL-12 and IL-10, were examined by ELISA. RQ-PCR was used to examine the relative expression of mRNA in RelB.@*Results@#Successful cultured and identified the qualified imDC and mDC. Belinostat decreased the expression of CCR7 on imDC [(25.82±7.25)% vs (50.44±5.61)% and (18.71±2.00)% vs (50.44±5.61)%], meanwhile increased the rate on mDC [(71.14±1.96)% vs (64.90±1.47)%]. Chemotaxis assay showed that the migration rate of Belinostat+imDC and Belinostat+mDC group were both decreased, but the difference in imDC was not significant. T lymphocyte proliferation rate stimulated by 100 nmol/L Belinostat+imDC group was lower than imDC group in condition irritation cell∶reaction cell=1∶2 [(227.09±13.49)% vs (309.49±53.69)%]. Belinostat significantly suppressed the secretion of cytokines TNF-α, IL-12 and IL-10 (all P<0.01). The relative expression of mRNA in RelB was slightly decreased in Belinostat+imDC and Belinostat+mDC group (all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Belinostat could effectly suppress DC maturation and regulate immune tolerance of DC, which may be due to the down-regulation of mRNA level of RelB in DC.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808006


Objective@#To investigate the effects of PRX-2 gene on phenotype changes in epidermal stem cells differentiating into sweat gland cells.@*Methods@#Epidermal stem cells and sweat gland cells separated and cultured from healthy foreskin and adult full-thick skin respectively, were identified by immunofluorescence staining. Lentiviral vector-mediated overexpression and knockdown of PRX-2 gene in epidermal stem cells were performed respectively, with empty vector-mediated epidermal stem cells as a control group. Overexpression、blank control and knowdown group′s PRX-2 expressions in gene and protein levels were detected using RT-PCR and Western blot technology. The ESCs of each group were co-cultured with sweat gland cells through transwell plate, and the expressions of CEA and β1 integrin in epidermal stem cells were determined by flow cytometry before and after co-culturing.@*Results@#Epidermal stem cells and sweat gland cells were in line with their respective specific antigens. Before co-cultured, epidermal stem cells highly expressed β1 integrin (98.69±0.67)%, hardly expressed CEA (6.20±3.15)%. After co-cultured, β1 integrin expression levels were showed as knockdown group (19.30±0.53)%<blank control group (65.77±2.32)% <overexpress group (92.63±10.97)%, and CEA expression levels as knockdown (95.43±2.36)%> blank control group (51.20±0.79)%> overexpress group (45.91±0.93)%. There had significant differences between those of each two groups.@*Conclusions@#PRX-2 gene can inhibit the phenotypic change of Epidermal Stem Cells differentiating into Sweat Gland Cells and improve the ability to maintain their own specific antigens.