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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 89-94, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964654

ABSTRACT

Background Arsenic can enter the hypothalamus to induce estrogen effect and interfere with the function of the neuroendocrine system. The thyroid endocrine system (hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis) is one of the main endocrine systems, and the mechanism of arsenic-induced thyroid endocrine toxicity is still unclear. Objective To investigate the effects of different arsenic exposure levels on estradiol (E2), hypothalamic thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), and their receptor (ERα, ERβ, and TRHR) mRNAs in rats and the possible hypothalamic toxic pathway and mechanism. Methods Seventy Wister rats were randomly divided a control group (sterile water); low-, medium-, and high-dose arsenic exposure groups [0.8, 4.0, and 20.0 mg·kg−1 sodium arsenite (NaAsO2)]; estrogen receptor inhibitor (ICI182780) intervention + low-, medium-, and high-dose arsenic exposure groups; with 10 animals in each group, half male and half female. Rats in the arsenic exposure groups were exposed to NaAsO2 by drinking water for 19 weeks, and rats in the intervention groups were injected with 0.5 mg·kg−1 ICI182780 via tail vein at week 9, 3 times a week. The levels of E2 and TRH in serum of rats were detected by ELISA. The expression levels of estrogen receptor α (ERα), estrogen receptor β (ERβ), and TRH receptor (TRHR) mRNAs in hypothalamus of rats were detected by real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Results (1) E2 and its receptor mRNA: Compared with the control group, the serum E2 level of female rats was increased in the low-dose and the medium-dose arsenic exposure groups (P<0.05), and the serum E2 level of male rats was increased in the low-dose, the medium-dose, and the high-dose arsenic exposure groups (P<0.05), and the change of female E2 was greater than that of male rats. Compared with the control group, the relative expression levels of ERα mRNA and ERβ mRNA in female rats were increased in the low-dose, the medium-dose, and the high-dose arsenic exposure groups (P<0.05), so were the relative expression levels of ERα mRNA in male rats (P<0.05). (2) TRH and its receptor mRNA: Compared with the control group, the serum TRH level of female rats was increased in the high-dose arsenic group (P<0.05), the relative expression level of TRHR mRNA was increased in the low-dose, the medium-dose, and the high-dose arsenic exposure groups (P<0.05). Results (1) and results (2) suggested that females were more likely than males to have abnormal changes in E2, TRH, and related receptor genes after arsenic exposure. (3) Compared with female rats in the medium-high dose arsenic exposure group, the expressions of TRH and TRHR induced by arsenic exposure were inhibited after the intervention of ICI182780 (P<0.05), suggesting that arsenic in the hypothalamus may have toxic effects on TRH and TRHR by inducing estrogen-like effects. Conclusion Arsenic exposure can induce estrogen-like effects in the hypothalamus, interfere with thyroid function, and show dose-dependent and sex differences. E2 and TRH and their receptors may be the toxic pathway of arsenic-related estrogen-like effect.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 592-598, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981904

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on human pulmonary vascular endothelial cells (HPVECs) cytoskeleton and perform biological analysis of the microRNA (miRNA) spectrum. Methods The morphology of HPVECs was observed by microscope, the cytoskeleton by FITC-phalloidin staining, and the expression of VE-cadherin was detected by immunofluorescence cytochemical staining; the tube formation assay was conducted to examine the angiogenesis, along with cell migration test to detect the migration, and JC-1 mitochondrial membrane potential to detect the apoptosis. Illumina small-RNA sequencing was used to identify differentially expressed miRNAs in NC and LPS group. The target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted by miRanda and TargetScan, and the functional and pathway enrichment analysis was performed on Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Further biological analysis of related miRNAs was carried out. Results After the LPS got induced, the cells became round and the integrity of cytoskeleton was destroyed. The decreased expression of VE-cadherin was also observed, along with the decreased ability of angiogenesis and migration, and increased apoptosis. Sequencing results showed a total of 229 differential miRNAs, of which 84 miRNA were up-regulated and 145 miRNA were down-regulated. The target gene prediction and functional enrichment analysis of these differential miRNA showed that they were mainly concentrated in pathways related to cell connection and cytoskeleton regulation, cell adhesion process and inflammation. Conclusion In vitro model of lung injury, multiple miRNAs are involved in the process of HPVECs cytoskeleton remodeling, the reduction of barrier function, angiogenesis, migration and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Lung/metabolism , Cytoskeleton , Gene Expression Profiling
3.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 266-268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005138

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the removal effect of fibronectin(Fn) from von willebrand factor(vWF) by ion-exchange chromatography through processing human coagulation factor Ⅷ chromatographic washing products, in order to select a method that can effectively reduce Fn without compromising the activity yield. 【Methods】 In a multi-batch process development experiment, Fractogel® EMD TMAE(M) strong anion filler produced by Merck(Germany) was used to conduct chromatography to investigate vWF ristomycins titer (vWF: RCof), vWF recovery, protein content and Fn content. 【Results】 During the development of vWF pilot purification process, the content of Fn in the samples can be effectively reduced by ion-exchange chromatography, with removal rate more than 87%, titer recovery of vWF more than 80%, and no significant change in other quality indexes. 【Conclusion】 The use of ion-exchange chromatography to purify vWF can effectively reduce the content of Fn, which has positive significance for developing new product process and improving the product quality of blood products manufacturers.

4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1143-1147, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003952

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To determine the optimal process conditions for efficiently extracting human prothrombin complex concentrates from human plasma. 【Methods】 Using human plasma as the materials and the yield of prothrombin complex concentrates as the evaluation standard, the preparation process parameters were studied and optimized through design of exporement(DOE), orthogonal experiments, and single factor experiments. 【Results】 The optimal process conditions were as follows: DEAE Sephadex A50 gel was selected, which balanced to pH 7.6, and then the amount of 1.7-2.5 g/L of plasma weight is added into the cryoprecipitate supernatant for adsorption for 40 minutes; Washing solution (0.15-0.175 mol/L sodium chloride) with 3 times the volume of gel was washed 3 times, and eluent (0.5-2.0 mol/L sodium chloride) was washed 3 to 5 times; Add stabilizer (heparin 35 IU, sodium chloride 0.1 mol/L) for ultrafiltration dialysis. 【Conclusion】 By using the optimized process mentioned above, the yield(measured by human coagulation factor IX)can reach 620 000 to 630 000 IU/ton of plasma, which is suitable for large-scale production.

5.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 678-685, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956687

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between different clinical features and live birth in patients with severe late-onset ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET).Methods:The clinical information of 330 patients who were pregnant after IVF-ET and referred to medical treatments diagnosed as late-onset severe OHSS in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2016 to December 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into live birth achieved group ( n=287) and non-live birth achieved group ( n=43) according to pregnancy outcomes, and live birth achieved group was further divided into two subgroups, full-term birth group ( n=222) and early-term birth group ( n=65) according to gestational week at delivery for better analysis. Single factor and multi-factor analysis were utilized to clarify the influencing factors of both live birth and early-term birth. Results:Among all the patients who received IVF-ET, the incidence of severe OHSS was 0.67% (673/100 758). Among 330 severe late-onset OHSS patients, 42.4% (140/330) had pleural effusion, the incidence of abnormal liver function was 69.4% (229/330), and the live birth rate was 87.0% (287/330). Among the 287 patients who achieved live birth, 55.4% (159/287) had no pleural effusion, 18.5% (53/287) had a small amount of pleural effusion, and 26.1% (75/287) had medium or massive pleural effusion; in the non-live birth achieved group, there were more patients without pleural effusion and less patients with a small amount of pleural effusion; the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=6.213, P=0.045). The rate of selective fetal reduction in live birth achieved group was 16.0% (46/287), which was significantly higher than that in the non-live birth achieved group, which was 2.3% (1/43; χ2=5.749, P=0.017). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that moderately abnormal liver function was an independent risk factor for live birth ( OR=3.15, 95% CI: 1.60-6.19), while selective fetal reduction was an independent protective factor for live birth ( OR=0.13, 95% CI: 0.02-0.96). Additionally, subgroup analysis suggested that twin birth was an independent risk factor for preterm birth ( OR=8.54, 95% CI: 4.31-16.91). Conclusions:Moderate hepatic dysfunction may be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with severe late-onset OHSS. Selective fetal reduction and singleton pregnancy are recommended to ameliorate live birth rate, full-term delivery rate, also the maternal and neonatal prognosis for patients with multiple pregnancies.

6.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 499-505, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Danggui Shaoyao San(DSS) on cognitive function and neuronal apoptosis in vascular dementia (VD) rats.Methods:Fifty SPF grade male SD rats aged 6-7 weeks were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, positive drug group (nimodipine group, 9.45 mg·kg -1), DSS low-dose group (1.6 g·kg -1), DSS high-dose group (6.4 g·kg -1) according to random number table, with 10 rats in each group. The VD rat model was established by permanent ligation of bilateral common carotid arteries. Seven days after modeling, the rats in different groups were administrated by gavage according to corresponding interventions, once a day, for 28 days. Morris water maze test was used to evaluate the learning and memory ability of rats.The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in hippocampal area of rat brain were detected by ELISA.The protein expressions of apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2, Bax, cleaved Caspase-3 and leptin receptor/glycogen synthase kinase 3β microtubule-associated protein tau(LEP-R/GSK-3β/tau) signaling pathway were detected by Western blot. GraphPad Prism 9 software was used for statistical analysis of data, repeated measure ANOVA and one-way ANOVA were used for comparison between multiple groups, and SNK- q test was used for further pairwise comparison. Results:The results of water maze experiment showed that the time and group interaction of escape latency of the five groups were not significant ( F=1.223, P>0.05), the main effect of group and time were significant ( F=74.65, 18.32, both P<0.05). On the 5th day, the escape latency of nimodipine group, DSS low-dose group and DSS high-dose group were lower than that of model group ( q=14.425, 7.477, 21.392, all P<0.05), and that of DSS high-dose group was lower than that of nimodipine group ((15.28±2.46)s, (22.78±3.31)s, q=6.966, P<0.05). There was statistically significant difference in the number of crossing platforms of rats in 5 groups ( F=17.331, P<0.05). The numbers of platform crossing in nimodipine group and DSS high-dose group were higher than that in model group ( q=6.789, 10.635, 5.270, all P<0.05), and the number of platform crossing in DSS high-dose group was higher than that in nimodipine group ((6.84±1.63), (5.22±1.75), q=3.846, P<0.05). ELISA results showed that the levels of MDA, ROS and SOD in hippocampal tissues of rats in 5 groups were significantly different ( F=49.338, 38.518, 15.440, all P<0.05). The levels of MDA and ROS in hippocampus of DSS high-dose group were lower than those of model group ( q=16.061, 13.541, both P<0.05) and nimodipine group ( q=4.317, 5.162, both P<0.05), SOD level of DSS high-dose group was higher than those of model group ( q=8.179, P<0.05) and nimodipine group ( q=4.135, P<0.05). Western blot results showed that the levels of apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2/Bax and Caspase-3 were significantly different in the 5 groups ( F=30.692, 43.384, both P<0.01). The level of Bcl-2/Bax in DSS high-dose group was higher than that in model group ( q=10.562, P<0.05) and nimodipine group ( q=3.820, P<0.05), the level of Caspase-3 was lower than those of model group ( q=12.139, P<0.05) and nimodipine group ( q=7.734, P<0.05). The levels of LEP-R, p-GSK-3β, p-S404 tau and p-S202 tau expression level in hippocampal tissues of the 5 group were significantly different ( F=80.927, 59.230, 159.784, 105.923, all P<0.01). The levels of LEP-R and p-GSK-3β protein in nimodpine group and DSS high-dose group were higher than those in model group ( q=16.275, 20.104, both P<0.05; q=12.942, 17.257, both P<0.05), the levels of p-S404 Tau and p-S202 Tau in the two groups were lower than those in model group ( q=19.121, 27.456, both P<0.05; q=17.559, 22.780, both P<0.05). The levels of LEP-R(0.98±0.15), (0.86±0.14)) and p-GSK-3β((0.95±0.16)s, (0.82±0.13)) in DSS high-dose group were higher than those in nimodipine group ( q=3.829, 4.314, both P<0.05), the levels of p-S404 Tau((0.41±0.03)s, (0.58±0.07)) and p-S202 Tau((0.48±0.05)s, (0.59±0.06)) in DSS high-dose group were lower than those of nimodipine group ( q=8.335, 5.220, both P<0.05). Conclusion:DSS can improve the cognitive function of VD rats, and the mechanism may be related with reducing oxidative stress level, inhibiting neuronal apoptosis, and upregulating LEP-R/GSK-3β/Tau signaling pathway.

7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 577-580, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927241

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the associations of arsenic and estrogen levels with the risk of papillary thyroid carcinoma, so as to provide insights into prevention of papillary thyroid carcinoma.@*Methods@#Totally 57 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma admitted to two tertiary hospitals in Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in 2018 were selected as the case group, while 57 subjects with normal thyroid functions during the same period were selected as the control group. Subjects' gender, age, ethnicity, occupation and medical history of thyroid disease were collected using questionnaire surveys. Serum dimethyl arsenic acid (DMA) and monomethyl arsenic acid (MMA) were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to hydride generation-atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS), serum thyroid hormone (TSH) by radioimmunoassay, estradiol (E2) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and estrogen receptor ERα and ERβ by western blotting. The associations of arsenic and estrogen levels with the risk of papillary thyroid carcinoma were evaluated using a multivariable logistic regression model.@*Results@#There were 16 males (28.07%) and 41 females (71.93%) in the case group, with a mean age of (42.63±11.01) years, and there were 21 males (36.84%) and 36 females (63.16%) in the control group, with a mean age of (40.89±11.30) years. There were no significant differences between the case and control groups in terms of age (χ2=0.373, P=0.542), gender (χ2=1.000, P=0.317) or ethnic composition (χ2=0.291, P=0.590). The serum levels of TSH [2.85 (1.61) vs. 2.45 (1.79) μmol/L], E2 [74.93 (120.44) vs. 61.60 (37.35) pmol/L], ERα [1.49 (1.13) vs. 0.70 (0.31)], ERβ [1.59 (0.55) vs. 0.72 (0.36)], DMA [116.02 (100.48) vs. 32.33 (56.06) μg/L] and MMA [56.92 (47.90) vs. 27.90 (24.99) μg/L] were all significantly higher in the case group than in the control group (Z=-2.414, -2.292, -4.923, -5.167, -5.448 and -4.019, all P<0.05). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed DMA (OR=1.013, 95%CI: 1.003-1.024) and E2 levels (OR=1.020, 95%CI: 1.004-1.036) were associated with the risk of papillary thyroid carcinoma.@*Conclusion@#Increased arsenic load and elevated estradiol levels may be associated with the risk of papillary thyroid carcinoma.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 191-198, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885402

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of Facial Emotion Recognition Test (FERT) in the early diagnosis of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD).Methods:A total of 27 patients with mild bvFTD, 27 patients with mild Alzheimer′s disease (AD) and 54 normal controls were successively collected in the Memory Clinic of Department of Neurology,Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2018 to July 2019. The subjects were assessed by the FERT and a battery of neuropsychological background tests including Mini-Mental State Examination, Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), and Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT), etc. The discriminatory power of the FERT was evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC).Results:The average FERT scores of bvFTD, AD and control groups were 18.00 (14.00, 21.00), 25.00 (21.00, 28.00) and 28.00 (26.00, 30.00) respectively. The FERT scores of bvFTD group were significantly lower than those of control groups ( H=-55.278, P<0.001) and AD groups ( H=-28.407, P=0.002). ROC results showed that the FERT had a high discriminatory power for differentiating bvFTD from the controls, with an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.969 (95% CI 0.931-1.000, P<0.001). Both the sensitivity and specificity were 92.6% with a cut-off value at 24. For differentiating bvFTD group from AD group, the AUC value for the FERT was 0.850 (95% CI 0.749-0.951, P<0.001), with sensitivity of 81.5% and specificity of 71.4% with a cut-off value of 22. Compared with the AUC values for the FAB and AVLT-Delayed Recall (0.776 and 0.714), the AUC value for the FERT was slightly higher, though the differences among them were not statistically significant. Conclusions:Disturbance of emotion processing is presented in the early stage of bvFTD. FERT is one of the sensitive and specific neuropsychological indicators for the early diagnosis of bvFTD.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 119-123, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884783

ABSTRACT

Copper is an essential metal element for human metabolism. Copper homeostasis can lead to inherited disorders of copper metabolism and also play an important role in tumor proliferation. In recent years, great progress has been made in the research and development of radioactive metal nuclide tracers, and molecular imaging quickly becomes a new inspection technology for detecting copper metabolism. 64CuCl 2 carries out PET imaging diagnosis of diseases with abnormal copper metabolism and tumors with high copper metabolism through real-time tracking of changes of copper ions in the body. At the same time, β - decay and electron capture of 64CuCl 2 have a therapeutic effect, and can be directly used for tumor nuclide therapy. Therefore, 64CuCl 2, as an integrated radiopharmaceutical for diagnosis and treatment, is the current research focus of molecular imaging. This article reviews 64CuCl 2 preparation, biological metabolism and its application in the diagnosis and treatment of abnormal copper metabolism diseases and tumors.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1114-1117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To invest igtae the rationality of drug use of pregnant women in the outpatient department of our hospital,and to promote rational drug use in the clinic. METHODS :The prescriptions of pregnant women in Beijing Shijitan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from Jan. to Dec. in 2019 were extracted by using hospital information management system ,and then analyzed statistically in respects of drug varieties ,DDDs,safety grading ,and use of Chinese patent medicine. RESULTS :The most frequently used drugs in obstetric outpatients were vitamins and microelements ,followed by blood system and hormone drugs. Grade B drugs with good safety were most used ,the use of ungraded drugs were reasonable ,and grade X drugs were not used. There were 6 kinds of Chinese patent medicines used for pregnant women ,of which 2 kinds were marked “usable”in the drug instructions ,4 kinds were not marked in the dug instructions ,and the Chinese patent medicines that were not marked“prohibited”and“cautious”in the drug instructions were not used. CONCLUSIONS :The drug use of pregnant women are generally reasonable in outpatient department of our hospital. The safety of some Chinese patent medicine used during pregnancy still needs to be further confirmed.

11.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 885-892, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922549

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone tumor in children and adolescents. It is an aggressive tumor with a tendency to spread to the lung, which is the most common site of metastasis. Patients with advanced OS with metastases have poor prognoses despite the application of chemotherapy, thus highlighting the need for novel therapeutic targets. The tumor microenvironment (TME) of OS is confirmed to be essential for and supportive of tumor growth and dissemination. The immune component of the OS microenvironment is mainly composed of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). In OS, TAMs promote tumor growth and angiogenesis and upregulate the cancer stem cell-like phenotype. However, TAMs inhibit the metastasis of OS. Therefore, much attention has been paid to investigating the mechanism of TAMs in OS development and the progression of immunotherapy for OS. In this article, we aim to summarize the roles of TAMs in OS and the major findings on the application of TAMs in OS treatment.

12.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 699-703, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988433

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression and prognostic significance of histone demethylase JMJD2B and HIF-1α in rhabdomyosarcoma(RMS) tissues. Methods A total of 78 RMS patients were followed up to obtain survival time, and immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of JMJD2B and HIF-1α in RMS tissues and analyze their relation with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis. Results Among the 78 samples, there were 46 (59.0%) and 44 (56.4%) cases of positive expression of JMJD2B and HIF-1α, respectively. The expression of JMJD2B and HIF-1α were positively correlated (P < 0.001, r=0.518) and related to tumor risk, metastasis, IRS staging and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (all P < 0.05). The Kaplan-Meier survival curve and univariate Cox regression analysis showed that the risk level, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the expression of HIF-1α and JMJD2B were related to the prognosis of patients (all P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that JMJD2B (HR=3.161, P=0.039) and risk degree (HR=2.925, P=0.001) could be used as independent prognostic factors for RMS patients. Conclusion JMJD2B and HIF-1α expression are both significantly related to the overall survival of rhabdomyosarcoma patients, and JMJD2B is an independent prognostic indicator.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 688-693, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868336

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value and efficacy of the risk model based on the metabolic parameters of 18F-FDG PET-CT in predicting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods:This retrospectives study reviewed 105 NSCLC patients who were tested for EGFR gene expression and underwent 18F-FDG PET-CT exam prior to treatment from Jan 2017 to June 2018 in our hospital. The patients were divided into EGFR mutations group ( n=40) and EGFR wild type group ( n=65). The differences between the different groups were analyzed in several clinical characteristics and three metabolic parameters based on 18F-FDG PET-CT, including the maximal standard uptake value (SUV max), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG) of the primary tumor. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of EGFR mutations, and the risk prediction model and nomogram graph were constructed. Diagnostic efficiency of the model was done by the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis, and the Calibration plot was performed by Hosmer-Lemeshow (H-L) test to evaluate the calibration scale of the model. Results:There were statistically significant differences in gender, smoking status, serum CEA level, length of tumor, pathological types, TTF-1 and NapsinA expression between the EGFR mutant groups and EGFR wild-type groups (all P<0.05). The MTV and TLG of EGFR mutation group were 4.4 (4.5,37.1) cm 3 and 46.6 (21.2,118.2), respectively. The MTV and TLG of EGFR wild type group were 7.4 (3.2,13.5) cm 3 and 95.4 (26.4,345.1), respectively. The MTV and TLG of EGFR mutation group were significantly lower than those of EGFR wild type group ( Z=-2.452, P=0.014; Z=-2.379, P=0.017). ROC curve analysis showed area under the curve (AUC) predicted by SUV max, MTV and TLG for EGFR mutations was 0.597, 0.643 and 0.639, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that gender, length of tumor, SUV max and MTV were independent predictors of EGFR mutations, with the odds ratio (OR) values (95 %CI) as 3.811 (1.508-9.629), 1.679 (0.899-3.136), 0.928 (0.848-1.015) and 0.924 (0.865-0.986), respectively. The predictive model and nomogram graph was established, with the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and AUC of 80.0%, 66.2%, 68.8%, 75.3% and 0.775 (0.687-0.864), respectively. The H-L test showed the model had excellent accuracy (χ 2=3.872, P=0.869). Conclusion:The risk model based on the metabolic parameters of 18F-FDG PET-CT has a good performance in predicting the mutations of EGFR gene in patients with NSCLC.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2050-2055, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752783

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of altitude exposure and altitude exposure on mental health of Tibetan cadres. Methods 105 cadres in Tibet were selected as the research objects. Among them, 74 cadres in Shannan and Lhasa of Tibet (average altitude 3 680 m), 31 in Shigaze and Ali (above 3 800 m) and 14 in Ali (above 4 300 m) were selected. Using Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Ascension Insomnia Scale (AIS), 105 Tibetan aid cadres were tested by SAS, SDS, AIS and SCL-90 one week after entering Tibet and one week before leaving the plateau. The scores were collected and the mental health and sleep status of Tibetan aid workers were measured. Results The number of positive items of SCL-90 of 105 Tibetan cadres increased from (13.21±9.05) one week after entering Tibet to (38.35±18.84) one week before leaving Tibet. SAS, SDS and AIS also increased from (25.49 ± 5.19), (26.41 ± 5.15), (5.16 ± 3.54) points one week after entering Tibet to (36.78 ± 7.53), (41.42 ± 9.15), (8.71 ± 4.64) points one week before leaving Tibet. The difference was significant in the last week (Z = 8.420, 8.689, 6.277, P<0.01). The correlation analysis between SCL-90 and SAS, SDS and AIS showed that SCL-90 was positively correlated with SAS, SDS and AIS scores (r=0.651, 0.616, 0.356, P<0.01). Different altitudes have an effect on the mental health of Tibetan aid cadres. The paranoid item scores of Tibetan aid cadres with altitude>4 300 m in SCL-90 were (1.68 ±0.50) points, which were higher than those of Tibetan aid cadres with altitude<4 300 m (1.24 ± 0.28) points and (1.40± 0.38) points. The difference was statistically significant (F=5.255, P=0.007); The SDS scores of Tibetan aid cadres with altitude>4 300 m were (46.64 ± 7.24) points, which were higher than those of Tibetan aid cadres with altitude<4 300 m (40.76± 8.99) points and (40.58± 8.28) points. The difference was statistically significant (F=3.223, P=0.044). Conclusion Exposure to high altitude affects the mental health of cadres assisting Tibet to varying degrees. The mental health of cadres assisting Tibet deserves attention.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2050-2055, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803448

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of altitude exposure and altitude exposure on mental health of Tibetan cadres.@*Methods@#105 cadres in Tibet were selected as the research objects. Among them, 74 cadres in Shannan and Lhasa of Tibet (average altitude 3 680 m), 31 in Shigaze and Ali (above 3 800 m) and 14 in Ali (above 4 300 m) were selected. Using Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Ascension Insomnia Scale (AIS), 105 Tibetan aid cadres were tested by SAS, SDS, AIS and SCL-90 one week after entering Tibet and one week before leaving the plateau. The scores were collected and the mental health and sleep status of Tibetan aid workers were measured.@*Results@#The number of positive items of SCL-90 of 105 Tibetan cadres increased from (13.21±9.05) one week after entering Tibet to (38.35±18.84) one week before leaving Tibet. SAS, SDS and AIS also increased from (25.49±5.19), (26.41±5.15), (5.16±3.54) points one week after entering Tibet to (36.78±7.53), (41.42±9.15), (8.71±4.64) points one week before leaving Tibet. The difference was significant in the last week (Z = 8.420, 8.689, 6.277, P<0.01). The correlation analysis between SCL-90 and SAS, SDS and AIS showed that SCL-90 was positively correlated with SAS, SDS and AIS scores (r = 0.651, 0.616, 0.356, P<0.01). Different altitudes have an effect on the mental health of Tibetan aid cadres. The paranoid item scores of Tibetan aid cadres with altitude>4 300 m in SCL-90 were (1.68 ± 0.50) points, which were higher than those of Tibetan aid cadres with altitude<4 300 m (1.24±0.28) points and (1.40± 0.38) points. The difference was statistically significant (F=5.255, P=0.007); The SDS scores of Tibetan aid cadres with altitude>4 300 m were (46.64 ± 7.24) points, which were higher than those of Tibetan aid cadres with altitude<4 300 m (40.76 ± 8.99) points and (40.58 ± 8.28) points. The difference was statistically significant (F=3.223, P=0.044).@*Conclusion@#Exposure to high altitude affects the mental health of cadres assisting Tibet to varying degrees. The mental health of cadres assisting Tibet deserves attention.

16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 65-69, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238245

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the correlation between efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) on mammary gland hyperplasia (MGH) and the regulatory pathway of intercostal nerve.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty female SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group (group A, 12 rats), a model group (group B, 12 rats), an EA group (group C, 13 rats) and an intercostal nerve transection group (group D, 13 rats). The rats in the group B, group C and group D were prepared into MGH model; after model was successfully prepared, the 7th intercostal nerve was cut off in the group D. EA was applied at back acupoints including bilateral "Tianzong" (SI 11), "Ganshu" (BL 18) and "Shenshu" (BL 23) as well as chest acupoints including bilateral "Wuyi" (ST 15), "Hegu" (LI 4) and "Danzhong" (CV 17) in the group C and D. The two groups of acupoints were selected alternately. EA was given for 20 min, once a day; 5-day treatment was taken as one course; there was an interval of 2 days between course; totally 20 treatments were given. After treatment, the height and diameter of papilla were observed; the contents of serum estradiol (E) and progestin (P), the expression of estrogen receptor α (ERα) and progestrone receptor (PR) in mammary gland were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The height and diameter of papilla: after treatment, the height and diameter of papilla in the group C were significantly smaller than those in the group B (both<0.05); the height and diameter of left-side papilla in the group D were significantly bigger than those in the group C (both<0.05). (2) Serum Eand P: after treatment, compared with the group B, the contents of Eand E/P were reduced and the content of P was increased in the group C and group D (all<0.05). Compared with the group C, the contents of Eand E/P were increased and the content of P was reduced in the group D (all<0.05). (3) ERα and PR in mammary gland: compared with the group B, the content of ERαwas decreased and the content of PR was increased in the group C (both<0.05). Compared with the group C, the content of ERαwas increased and the content of PR was decreased in the group D ((both<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The efficacy mechanism of EA for MGH is likely to be related with the pathway of intercostal nerve; the mechanism may be acupuncture regulating the contents of serum Eand P as well as contents of ERα and PR in mammary gland.</p>

17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 42-47, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666158

ABSTRACT

Objective The experiment was designed to study the therapeutic mechanism of "Tong Tiao" acupuncture in the treatment of mammary gland hyperplasia (MGH) on the rat model.Methods A total of 75 healthy unpregnant female SD rats were randomly divided into six groups: blank, model, control group, vagus cutting therapy, sham operation, and vagus cutting with non-treatment group. All the groups except the blank group were prepared by MGH rat model. The vagus cutting therapy and vagus cutting with non-treatment group were treated by cutting the right cervical vagus nerve, while the sham operation group was treated by exposing the vagus nerve without any operation. All the treatment groups were treated with "Tong Tiao". The rat papillary height was measured. The breast tissue morphology and breast ultrastructure were observated. And the flow cytometry in rat peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ were calculated. Results Compared with the model group, the papillary height (1.22 mm ± 0.21 mm,1.24 mm ± 0.20 mmvs. 1.53 mm ± 0.16 mm) in the normal treatment and the sham treatment group decreased significantly the vagus cutting therapy and vagus cutting non-treatment group showed no difference (P>0.05). Compared with the model group, the Mammary gland morphology and ultrastructure in the normal treatment group, the sham operation group and the vagus cutting therapy groups were improved, but the vagus cutting non-treatment group showed on improvement. Compared with model group, the serum CD3+(61.5% ± 10.5%, 61.1% ± 12.4%, 59.8% ± 11.8%vs. 57.7% ± 9.4%), CD4+(37.2% ± 8.9%, 37.9% ± 10.9%, 36.1% ± 12.2% vs. 34.6% ± 6.9%), CD4+/CD8+(1.59 ± 0.8, 1.58 ± 0.8, 1.38 ± 0.6vs. 1.23 ± 0.7) in the normal treatment group, the sham treatment group and vagus cutting therapy group, elevated significantly (P<0.01,P<0.05), while the vagus cutting non-treatment group showed no difference (P>0.05). Compared with model group, the serum CD8+ (24.2% ± 11.3%, 24.5% ± 10.6%,25.5% ± 8.8%vs. 27.7% ± 9.9%) in the normal treatment group, sham treatment group and vagus cutting therapy group decreased significantly lower (P<0.01,P<0.05), but vagus cutting non treatment group showed no difference (P>0.05). Conclusions the mechanism of acupuncture treatment for MGH may be related to the vagus nerve by regulating the CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD4+/CD8+ levels of T lymphocytes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 104-107, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708823

ABSTRACT

Objective Using Cerenkov radiation energy transfer (CRET) effect of rare earth nanoparticles (RENPs) to enhance and convert Cerenkov luminescence into Cerenkov luminescence excited fluorescence,and to compare the accuracy of Cerenkov luminescence tomography (CLT) and Cerenkov luminescence excited fluorescence tomography (CLFT).Methods 68Ga (0.74 MBq) was used to respectively excite Y2O3 ∶Eu3+,Er2O3 and Eu2O3(10 mg/ml).Various radioactivities of 68Ga (3.70,1.85,0.92,0.46,0.23 MBq) were used to respectively excite Y2O3 ∶Eu3+ with a fixed concentration (10 mg/ml).A fixed radioactivity of 68Ga (3.70 MBq) was used to excite Y2O3 ∶Eu3+ with different concentrations (10.0,5.0,2.5,1.2,0.6 mg/ml) in order to find the relationships between the optical intensity and the radioactivity of 68Ga or the concentration of Y2O3 ∶Eu3+.Polyethylene tubes containing 68Ga (0.74 MBq) and 68Ga (0.74 MBq) +Y2O3 ∶Eu3+(1 mg) were respectively implanted into two nude mice,then PET/CT and optical imaging were acquired.Three-dimensional reconstruction was proceeded.One-way analysis of variance,two-sample t test,linear correlation analysis were used for data analysis.Results Y2O3 ∶Eu3+ could significantly and stably enhance the Cerenkov optical signal (F=53.35,q =17.03,P<0.001).The enhanced optical signal intensity had linear relationships with the radioactivity of 68Ga or the concentration of Y2O3 ∶Eu3+(r values:0.99and 0.93).Three-dimensional reconstruction result showed that CLFT had significantly higher similarity than CLT (0.43±0.14 vs 0.16±0.06,t =5.090,P<0.05).Conclusion CLFT could reflect the distribution of radiopharmaceuticals more precisely than CLT,and therefore might have potential in biologic optical imaging.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 147-152, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513617

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively compare the diagnostic capability of 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG in well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) bearing mice by microPET/CT imaging.Methods The in vitro cellular uptake, in vivo microPET/CT imaging and biodistribution studies of 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG were quantitatively compared in SMMC-7721-based well-differentiated HCC.The human fibrosarcoma (HT-1080) and human colorectal adenocarcinoma (HT-29) cells/xenografts were respectively used as positive and negative reference groups for CD13.The expression of CD13 was qualitatively verified by immunohistostaining.The levels of CD13 and glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) were semi-quantitatively analyzed by Western blot test for all 3 types of tumors.Two-sample t test was used for data analysis.Results The in vitro cellular uptake showed that the 68Ga-NGR uptake in SMMC-7721 and HT-1080 cells was higher than that in HT-29 cells, and the 68Ga-NGR uptake was higher than 18F-FDG uptake in SMMC-7721 cells.The in vivo microPET/CT imaging results revealed that the uptake of 68Ga-NGR in SMMC-7721 tumor was (2.17±0.21) %ID/g, remarkably higher compared to (0.73±0.26) %ID/g of 18F-FDG uptake (t=8.826, P<0.01).The tumor/liver ratio of 68Ga-NGR was 2.05±0.16, which was 2.03-fold higher than that of 18F-FDG.In the HT-1080 tumors, the uptakes of 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG were both high, and the values were (2.46±0.23) %ID/g, (3.47±0.31) %ID/g.The uptake of 68Ga-NGR was significantly lower than that of 18F-FDG in HT-29 tumors: (0.67±0.20) %ID/g vs (3.17±0.29) %ID/g;t=4.221, P<0.01.Western blot and immunohistostaining results were as follows: HT-1080(CD13+, G6Pase-), SMMC-7721(CD13+, G6Pase+), HT-29(CD13-, G6Pase-).Conclusions The uptake of 68Ga-NGR is higher than 18F-FDG uptake in SMMC-7721 tumor bearing mice, therefore it is worthwhile to consider the feasibility of clinical translation for PET/CT in diagnosis of HCC.Furthermore, because of the difference in 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG avidities in tumors with different molecular phenotypes of CD13 and G6Pase, there is an underlying potential for molecular imaging in the determination of molecular phenotypes.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 147-152, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708793

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively compare the diagnostic capability of 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG in well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) bearing mice by microPET/CT imaging.Methods The in vitro cellular uptake,in vivo microPET/CT imaging and biodistribution studies of 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG were quantitatively compared in SMMC-7721-based well-differentiated HCC.The human fibrosarcoma (HT-1080) and human colorectal adenocarcinoma (HT-29) cells/xenografts were respectively used as positive and negative reference groups for CD13.The expression of CD13 was qualitatively verified by immunohistostaining.The levels of CD13 and glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) were semi-quantitatively analyzed by Western blot test for all 3 types of tumors.Two-sample t test was used for data analysis.Results The in vitro cellular uptake showed that the 68Ga-NGR uptake in SMMC-7721 and HT-1080 cells was higher than that in HT-29 cells,and the 68Ga-NGR uptake was higher than 18F-FDG uptake in SMMC-7721 cells.The in vivo micro-PET/CT imaging results revealed that the uptake of 68Ga-NGR in SMMC-7721 tumor was (2.17±0.21) %ID/g,remarkably higher compared to (0.73±0.26) %ID/g of 18F-FDG uptake (t =8.826,P<0.01).The tumor/liver ratio of 68Ga-NGR was 2.05±0.16,which was 2.03-fold higher than that of 18F-FDG.In the HT-1080 tumors,the uptakes of 68 Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG were both high,and the values were (2.46±0.23) %ID/g,(3.47±0.31) %ID/g.The uptake of 68Ga-NGR was significantly lower than that of 18F-FDG in HT-29 tumors:(0.67±0.20) %ID/g vs (3.17±0.29) %ID/g;t=4.221,P<0.01.Western blot and immunohistostaining results were as follows:HT-1080(CD13+,G6Pase-),SMMC-7721(CD13+,G6Pase+),HT-29 (CD13-,G6Pase-).Conclusions The uptake of 68Ga-NGR is higher than 18F-FDG uptake in SMMC-7721 tumor bearing mice,therefore it is worthwhile to consider the feasibility of clinical translation for PET/CT in diagnosis of HCC.Furthermore,because of the difference in 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG avidities in tumors with different molecular phenotypes of CD13 and G6Pase,there is an underlying potential for molecular imaging in the determination of molecular phenotypes.

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