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Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 347-353,358, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884054


Objective:A large single-center, premature acute myocardial infarction (AMI) age (≤45 years) cohort was established to investigate the clinical features and the factors affecting major adverse cardiac events (MACE).Methods:This is a prospective and observational study. 603 patients with a clear diagnosis of AMI admitted to the Tianjin Chest Hospital from March 2015 to December 2017 were continuously selected. All patients were aged ≤45 years old, and a single-center large-sample premature AMI cohort was established. The patient's clinical basic conditions, laboratory indicators, imaging data, coronary angiography and treatment were collected. All patients were followed up for 1 year. MACE events such as cardiac death, recurrent AMI, revascularization, severe heart failure requiring hospitalization and stroke were recorded. Kaplan Meier method was used to draw the survival curve. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the influence of risk factors, clinical characteristics and intervention methods on the long-term prognosis of MACE events.Results:A total of 603 AMI patients were included, 575 males (95.36%), 28 females (4.64%), and median age 41 (37, 44) years old. There were 422 patients (69.98%) with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), 206 patients (48.82%) with anterior myocardial infarction, and 181 patients (30.02%) with non ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Smoking was the most common risk factor for premature AMI (77.45%), followed by hyperlipidemia (48.42%) and hypertension (48.09%); smoking was the most common risk factor for male patients (80.35%), and hyperlipidemia was the most common risk factor for female patients (35.71%). 302 (50.08%) patients with premature AMI were treated with symptom onset to first medical contact (SO-to-FMC) ≤12 h; 563 patients (93.37%) had coronary angiography; coronary angiography showed that no significant stenosis, single-vessel disease, double-vessel disease, three-vessel disease, and patients with left main disease were 15(2.66%), 212(37.66%), 153(25.37%), 167(29.66%), 16(2.84%) cases; 318(56.48%) patients with vascular occlusion; The proportion of male combined with left main lesions was lower than that of female group (2.41% vs 12.50%, P=0.026); A total of 45 patients (7.46%) were recorded MACE. The 1-year MACE incidence was lower in the male group than in the female group (6.96% vs 17.86%, P=0.032). Multivariate COX regression analysis: there were 5 indicators that entered the regression model and were statistically significant: female ( HR:4.184; 95% CI:1.583-11.064; P=0.004), SO-to-FMC≤12 h ( HR:0.447; 95% CI:0.224-0.889; P=0.022), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)≤40% ( HR:3.727; 95% CI:1.876-7.405; P<0.001), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ( HR:1.315; 95% CI:1.041-1.662; P=0.022), homocysteine (Hcy) ( HR:1.011; 95% CI:1.002-1.019; P=0.011) were independent predictor of MACE occurrence in patients with early-onset AMI within 1 year. Conclusions:Smoking is the most common risk factor for young men with AMI. The most common risk factors for young women's AMI is hyperlipidemia, and the proportion of patients with left main artery disease is higher than that of men, but the proportion of patients receiving emergency intervention is lower than that of men, and the long-term prognosis of young women is poor. Early detection and control of these risk factors is a key measure to prevent the onset of AMI.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867620


Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of significant liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) concurrent with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).Methods:Those who underwent liver pathological examination and confirmed diagnosis of CHB and NAFLD in Tianjin Second People′s Hospital from August 2014 to September 2017 were enrolled. Data regarding their demographic information, laboratory tests results, and liver pathology results were analyzed. The latter results were used to categorize the patients either in non-significant liver fibrosis group (Metavir stage<F2) or in significant liver fibrosis group (Metavir stage≥F2). The measurement data were compared using t test or Mann-Whitney U test, and the count data using chi-square test.The factors influencing the onset of significant liver fibrosis were subsequently explored with binary logistic regressions. Results:Out of 273 patients screened, 160 and 113 patients respectively belonged to the non-significant fibrosis group and the significant fibrosis group. Age, histologic activity, NAFLD type, liver stiffness measurement, hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status (positive/negative), hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA, aspartate aminotransferase, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, total bilirubin, high blood glucose (with/without) and platelet count between the two groups were statistically significant( t=2.232, χ2=44.276, χ2=4.808, t=2.096, χ2=5.299, t=3.191, U=7 041.500, U=6 873.500, t=2.989, χ2=5.588, t=3.429, all P<0.05). Logistic regression showed that non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), histologicactivity, HBV DNA and platelet count were the independent influencing factors for significant liver fibrosis (odds ratio ( OR)=2.809, 6.730, 0.843, 0.995, respectively, all P<0.05). Patients were divided into two subgroups according to their HBeAg status, the results showed that for patients with negative HBeAg, NASH, histologic activity, HBV DNA and platelet count were the independent influencing factors for significant liver fibrosis ( OR=8.629, 3.626, 0.740, 0.992, respectively, all P<0.05). For patients with positive HBeAg, histologic activity and high blood glucose were the independent risk factors for significant liver fibrosis ( OR=12.738, 4.223, respectively, both P<0.01). Conclusion:Liver inflammation, NASH and high blood glucose are the serious risk factors during the onset and progression of significant liver fibrosis in patients with CHB and NAFLD, while HBV DNA and platelet count levels are negatively correlated with significant liver fibrosis.

Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 26-33, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804628


Objective@#To investigate the features of plaques of saphenous venous graft (SVG) with virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) in patients underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery.@*Methods@#From March 2016 to March 2018, a total of 45 patients ((64.4±7.9) years old, 88.9% male (40 cases)) with ischemic symptoms after coronary artery bypass graft surgery and with coronary artery angiography evidenced SVG stenosis greater than or equal to 50%, who received percutaneous coronary intervention in Tianjin chest hospital were continuously included in this study, and the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. VH-IVUS was performed before PCI to analyze plaque composition. The patients were divided into no smoking group (21 cases) and smoking group (24 cases), no diabetes group (30 cases) and diabetes group (15 cases), normal very low density lipoprotein cholesterin (VLDL-C) group (24 cases) and elevated VLDL-C group (21 cases), stable angina pectoris group (5 cases) and acute coronary syndrome group (40 cases), plaque burden (PB) < 70% group (11 cases) and PB ≥ 70% group (34 cases), without thin-cap fibroatheroma group (35 cases) and thin-cap fibroatheroma group (10 cases), and plaque features were compared between different groups.@*Results@#The graft age was (8.9±3.7) years.The stenosis degree of SVG lesions was 90 (90, 98) %. The minimum lumen diameter was 1.6 (1.5, 1.8) mm. The vessel cross-sectional area was (12.1±4.0) mm2. The plaque area was 8.6 (5.7,12.0) mm2. The minimum lumen area was 2.5 (2.1,3.3) mm2. The plaque burden was (75.3±8.3)%. The fibrotic tissue (FI) ratio was (65.1±10.1)%, fibrofatty plaque (FF) ratio was 13.8 (5.4,25.3) %, necrotic core tissue (NC) ratio was 12.0 (5.4,24.0)%, and dense calcium tissue (DC) ratio was1.0 (0.2,3.8)% in SVG lesions. There were no significant differences in SVG plaque area, FI area,FF area,NC area,and DC area between no smoking group and smoking group, no diabetes group and diabetes group, and normal VLDL-C group and elevated VLDL-C group. SVG plaque volume was significantly higher in acute coronary syndrome group than in stable angina pectoris group (262.2 (148.5,401.2) mm3 vs. 93.1 (50.6,155.9) mm3,P=0.006), and plaque area (10.1 (6.6,13.3) mm2 vs. 5.0 (3.6,6.9) mm2, P<0.001), FI area(4.8 (3.2,6.8) mm2 vs. 2.8 (1.9,3.0) mm2, P<0.001),and FF area (1.15 (0.60, 2.07) mm2 vs. 0.30 (0.10,0.90) mm2, P=0.009) were significantly larger in PB ≥ 70% group than in PB < 70% group.The NC area (1.75(0.40,2.78) mm2 vs. 0.60 (0.20,1.30) mm2, P=0.030) and DC area (0.35 (0.10,0.50) mm2 vs. 0.00 (0.00,0.10) mm2, P=0.006) were significantly larger in thin-cap fibroatheroma group than that in without thin-cap fibroatheroma group. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the plaque area of SVG lesion was positively correlated with FF area (r=0.64, P<0.001) and NC area (r=0.43, P=0.003). PB was positively correlated with FF area (r=0.50, P<0.001) and NC area (r=0.33, P=0.028). Graft age was positively correlated with FF area (r=0.30, P=0.047).@*Conclusions@#The main components of SVG plaque are fibrotic tissue, conversely, calcified tissue is rare in patients with SVG stenosis after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Fibrofatty tissue is increased in the plaque in patients with PB ≥ 70%. The necrotic component is also increased in patients with thin-cap fibroatheroma. The fibrofatty component increases and the plaque tends to be unstable in proportion with increaing age of the graft in this patient cohort.