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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888693

ABSTRACT

Copy number variations (CNVs), which can affect the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), are important genetic changes seen in some malignant tumors. We analyzed lncRNAs with CNV to explore the relationship between lncRNAs and prognosis in bladder cancer (BLCA). Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels, DNA methylation, and DNA copy number data of 408 BLCA patients were subjected to integrative bioinformatics analysis. Cluster analysis was performed to obtain different subtypes and differently expressed lncRNAs and coding genes. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was performed to identify the co-expression gene and lncRNA modules. CNV-associated lncRNA data and their influence on cancer prognosis were assessed with Kaplan-Meier survival curve. Multi-omics integration analysis revealed five prognostic lncRNAs with CNV, namely

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of Caprini score for acute pulmonary embolism(APE).Methods:Totally 2 764 patients with suspected APE admitted to Yuncheng Central Hospital were enrolled from January 2012 to January 2019, and 312 patients were diagnosed APE and assigned to APE group finally.Among the patients without APE, 312 patients(control group) were matched with the patients in APE group according to age, gender, weight, blood pressure, surgical history, etc.The general clinical data of the two groups were collected, and the Caprini score of each patient was recorded.The differences between the two groups in clinical data and Caprini score were compared.The area under curves(AUC) of receiver operating characteristic(ROC) was calculated to predict the diagnostic efficacy of Caprini scale for patients with APE.Results:The Caprini score of the APE group was significantly higher than that of the control group[(5.41±2.47)points vs.(2.16±1.28)points, t=1.180, P=0.004]. The Caprini score had a favorable diagnostic efficacy for patients with suspected APE(AUC=0.915, 95% CI: 0.878-0.995, P<0.001), and when the 3.5 cutoff value of Caprini score was determined, the specificity and sensitivity were 87.76% and 95.24%, respectively, with 7.778 of positive likelihood ratio, 0.054 of negative likelihood ratio, and 0.83 of Youden index. Conclusion:Caprini score has strong diagnostic efficacy in patients with APE.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865321

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of conbercept in experimental corneal nevascularization (CNV) and lymphangiogenesis in rabbit model.Methods:Forty-four adult New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into a conbercept injected group (9 rabbits), a ranibizumab injected group (9 rabbits), a normal saline control group (9 rabbits), a model control group (9 rabbits) and a normal control group (8 rabbits) by random number table method, take the left eyes as the experimental eye.Whatman filter papers (8 mm in diameter) were soaked in 1 mol/L NaOH solution and then applied on the middle surface of the cornea for 30 seconds.On day 1st after alkali burning, the eyes in the conbercept injected group were treated with 0.1 ml/1 mg of conbercept, the eyes in the ranibizumab injected group were treated with 0.1 ml/1 mg of ranibizumab, the eyes in the normal saline control group were treated with 0.1 ml 0.9% NaCl, the eyes in the model control group just received alkali burning, and the eyes in the normal control group received neither alkali burns nor subconjunctival injection any drugs.All rabbits were monitored daily after alkali burning.Digital pictures were taken on day 4th, 7th, 14th and 21th after modeling.Image analysis was performed on the area of neovascularization, a ascertain number of rabbits were killed respectively.Aqueous humor was collected for the concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) assay.Corneal specimens were analyzed by histopathologically and immunohistochemical staining of lymphatic endothelial cells hyaluronic acid receptor 1(LYVE-1). The use and care of the animals complied with the Statement of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO).Results:On the 4th day after alkali burning, the neovascularization buds grew into the edge of the cornea in the conbercept injected group, the ranibizumab injected group, the normal saline control group and the model control group, and the corneal edema decreased.On day 7th, the neovascularization of the conbercept injected group and the ranibizumab injected group was less than that of the normal saline control group and the model control group; On day 4th after alkali burning, corneal epithelial cells were increased, vacuoles were found in the epithelium, a large number of inflammatory cells were found in the matrix, and small vascular lumens were seen below the epithelium.On day 7th after modeling, neovascularization infiltrated the shallow matrix with a large number of inflammatory cells.Surface areas of induced CNV in conbercept injected group were (15.20±9.16)mm 2, which were significantly less than those in ranibizumab injected group ([28.21±5.17]mm 2) on day 14th ( P<0.05). The concentration of VEGF in the conbercept injected group was (7.75±6.56)pg/ml, which was significantly lower than that in the ranibizumab injected group ([16.98±2.17]pg/ml on day 14th ( P<0.05). The normal control group had no lymphatic growth in the corneal tissue and no LYVE-1 positive particles.On day 4th after the alkil burning, corneal lymphatic vessels appeared in the corneal tissue of the conbercept injected group, the ranibizumab injected group, the normal saline control group and the model control group, which grew in parallel with the neovascularization.Lymphatic vessels counting in the conbercept injected group and ranibizumab injected group were 4.33±0.58 and 4.67±0.58 on day 7th and 14th, which were reduced significantly compared with normal saline control group (10.67±0.58) and the model control group (12.33±0.58) (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:Early subconjunctival administration of conbercept may successfully inhibit alkali-induced corneal neovascularization and corneal lymphangiogenesis in alkali burning animal model.The inhibit effect is related with the reduces of VEGF levels.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 704-708, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821930

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze Internet behaviors of children and adolescents and their influencing factors, and to provide scientific basis for health education guidance and prevention measures.@*Methods@#A stratified cluster sampling method was used. From January to June 2019, 30 955 primary school students in 16 provinces (municipalities), from eastern, central, and western economic zones of China were selected to conduct a questionnaire survey, regarding general demographics, diet and exercise, tobacco, alcohol and sleep, Internet and electronics usage, etc.@*Results@#Among them, 43.1% of students had never been online with girls (44.7%) higher than boys (41.8%)(χ2=21.04, P<0.01); 1.3% of students reported online time for more than 4 hours a day, boys were significantly higher than girls(χ2=15.87, P<0.01); Internet addiction was detected in 2.4% of elementary school students, with boys (3.0%) higher than girls(1.7%)(χ2=331.77, P<0.01), and the trend increases with grade. With sixth grade (3.3%) were significantly higher than children from the first grade (0.8%) and other grades(χ2=163.96, P<0.01). Children’s tendency to Internet addiction was 11.9%, of which boys were 13.0% and girls were 10.6%, boys were significantly higher than girls(χ2=117.66, P<0.01). Pearson correlation analysis revealed that, after controlling gender age, boarding school, family relationship, single parents and regrouped families, smoking, drinking sugary drinks, eating fried foods, and left-behind were positively related to Intenet addiction(r=0.06, 0.07, 0.27, 0.44, 0.07, 0.11, 0.09, P<0.01), while medium and high intensity sports, effective physical education, health education in school, AIDS education and parental restrictions on TV and computer games, were negatively associated with internet addiction(r=-0.74, -0.65, -0.04, -0.05, -0.63, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#The internet addiction of Chinese primary school students is common and increases by year. High-intensity, high-density sports, effective physical education, and health education could help prevent Internet addiction among children.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 489-494, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744896

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the differences in autophagic expression levels between hypertrophic scar (HS) tissue and normal skin tissue,and further investigate the relationship between hypertrophic scar formation and autophagy protein expression through the rabbit ear hypertrophic scar model.Methods 30 patients with hypertrophic scar were collected.One hypertrophic scar tissue and one normal skin tissue were harvested.The relative expressions of LC3,P62 and Beclin-1 in each tissue specimen were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.Western blot was used to detect the autophagic-associated protein LC3 (MAPLC3),P62 and Beclin-1 in the hypertrophic scar tissue of rabbit ear and the corresponding normal tissue of rabbit ears at 4 weeks,8 weeks,12 weeks,and 24 weeks,and further explore their clinical significance.Results In vivo,the expression of hypertrophic scar tissue protein LC3 and Beclin-1 was significantly stronger than that in normal skin tissue (P < 0.05).The expression of P62 was significantly weaker than that in normal skin tissue (P < 0.05).In animal experiments,during the process of HS formation,the protein expression of LC3 gradually increased,while the protein expression of P62 gradually decreased;the protein expression of Beclin-1 was higher than that of normal rabbit ears tissue,with statistically significant differences (P < 0.05).Conclusions The expression of LC3 and Beclin-1 in human hypertrophic scar tissues is higher than that in normal tissues.While the expression of P62 is lower than that in normal tissues.That is,the expression of autophagy in human hypertrophic scar tissue showed an upward trend in a certain period of time,and was significantly higher than that in normal tissue.

6.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 451-454, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743560

ABSTRACT

Objective ToinvestigatethevalueoftheoptimalCNR monoenergeticimagesofportalveininpredictingesophagealGgastric varicealbleeding(EVB).Methods FortypatientswithlivercirrhosisandportalhypertensionunderwentcontrastGenhancedspectral CTscan.TheoptimalCNR monoenergeticimagesand70keV monoenergeticimagesoftheportalveinphasewereselectedtocompare theimagingquality.TheconsistencyoftheoptimalCNR monoenergeticimageswithendoscopyforesophagealGgastricvaricealwas analyzed by Kappa test.A ccording to the E V B history ,the patients w ere divided into bleeding group and nonGbleeding group.T he ROCcurveswerecalculatedtoassessthevaluesofthemainportalvein(MPV)anditstributariesdiameterstopredictingEVB.Results TheCNRandobjectivescoreoftheoptimalCNR monoenergeticimagesweresignificantlyhigherthanthoseofthe70keVimages(P<0.05).TheoptimalCNR monoenergeticimageshadgoodconsistency withgastroscopeintheclassificationofesophagealGgastric variceal(k=0.769).ThereweresignificantdifferencesofthediametersofMPV,intrahepaticleftbranchofportalvein(LPV),splenic vein(SV)andleftgastricvein (LGV)betweenthebleedinggroupandnonGbleedinggroup (P<0.05).ROCcurveanalysisshowed thattheincidenceofEVBwashighestwithasensitivityof76.92%andaspecificityof85.71%,whentheLGVwasgreaterthan6.1mm. Conclusion TheoptimalCNR monoenergeticimagesofportalveincouldimprovetheimagingquality,andLGVdiametershouldbe ariskindicatorforpredictingEVBinlivercirrhosis.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 554-557, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705868

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate procalcitonin (PCT) and C reactive protein (CRP) expression in patients with puerperal infection after cesarean section and its clinical significance.Methods From January 2014 to January 2016,134 cases of cesarean section puerperal infection patients in our hospital were enrolled in observation group,according to 1∶3 matching,we selected 402 cases of cesarean section without puerperal infection as the control group.Then the levels of PCT and CRP in two groups were detected.Results CRP and PCT levels of 24 h,48 h and 72 h of the patients in the observation group were (13.16 ± 1.06)mg/L and (1.05 ±0.42)g/L,(15.15 ± 1.50)mg/L and (1.67 ±0.31)g/L,(16.01 ± 2.32) mg/L and (2.10 ± 0.92) g/L respectively,significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.05);72 h CRP and PCT levels of pelvic cavity peritonitis patients were (17.13 ± 1.46)mg/L and (2.81 ± 0.97) g/L respectively,significantly higher than that in patients with vulvovaginal and cervicitis,endometritis and fallopian tube (P < 0.05);72 h CRP and PCT in patients with endometritis and fallopian tube inflammation were (15.89 ± 1.06) mg/L and (2.06 ± 0.83) g/L,significantly higher than that of vaginal and Cervicitis Patients (P < 0.05).Conclusions CRP and PCT increase rapidly in patients with puerperal infection after cesarean section,and there are a certain relationship with puerperal infection disease and they are of certain clinical application value.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 183-186,190, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705803

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and the relationship with angiogenesis of miR-195 and NLR family member X1 (NLRX1) in granulation tissue after negative-pressure wound treatment (NPWT).Methods Six patients were collected who received negative pressure treatment with refractory wound granulation.The levels of miR-195, NLRX1 mRNA and NLRX1 proteins were measured.The expression of NLRX1 and the micro-vascular density (MVD) of CD31 were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC).Results MiR-195 and MVD were significantly higher in granulation tissue after 7 days negative pressure treatment (P<0.05), and NLRX1 was significantly lower (P <0.05).In granulation tissue,the expression of miR-195 was negatively correlated with NLRX1 (r =-0.856, P <0.001), the expression of NLRX1 was negatively correlated with MVD (r =-0.618, P <0.05), and the expression of miR-195 was positively correlated with MVD (r =0.630, P < 0.05).Conclusions Negative pressure wound therapy can promote the formation of granulation vessels and the wound healing.The therapeutic mechanism may inhibit the expression of NLRX1 and upregulate the expression of miR-195 to promote angiogenesis.

9.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4784-4789, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614740

ABSTRACT

Granular corneal dystrophy is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disease in clinic.Due to the TGFBI mutation on the 5q31 chromosome,the TGFBIp abnormally aggregates in the Bowman layer and the matrix layer and metabolic disorders,patients' bilateral cornea arise opacity,making visual acuity Progressive impairment.At present,there are at least 66 TGFBI mutations,at least 10 of which are related to granular corneal dystrophy,due to variation in genotype and the difference between homozygous and heterozygous,the patients' phenotype shows a significant difference.Along with the improvement of people's cognition,and the application of laser scanning confocal microscope and the gene diagnosis,More and more patients get the correct diagnosis,Current treatment methods mainly include corneal transplantation and laser ablation,patients are not satisfied because of the postoperative recurrence and aggravated.Due to the establishment of granular corneal dystrophy animal model,lithium and gene therapy will show a good application prospects.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512280

ABSTRACT

A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with gold nanoparticles loading on the reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) composite film was fabricated by a two-step procedure.Firstly, rGO-MWCNTs composite were prepared by in-situ chemical reduction method with hydrazine as a reducing agent.Then, AuNPs were deposited on the surface of rGO-MWCNTs using simple cyclic voltammetry.This modified electrode was characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and electrochemical methods.Furthermore, the electrochemical behavior of bisphenol A (BPA) was also investigated using this modified electrode.The results showed that the modified electrode had high electrochemical activity for the oxidation of BPA.In 0.10 mol/L phosphate buffer solution (PBS, pH 7.0), the linear range for the determination of BPA with differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) was in the range of 5.0 × 10-9 -1.0 × 10-7 mol/L and 1.0 × 10-7-2.0 × 10-5 mol/L.The detection limit was 1.0 × 10-9 mol/L (S/N=3).The as-prepared modified electrode was successfully used to determine BPA in river water and the shopping receipt samples with recovery ranges of 97%-110% and 98%-104%, respectively.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505652

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the value of spectral coronary CT angiography (CCTA) in reducing radiation dose and contrast dose using individualized optimal monochromatic imaging.Materials and Methods Sixty patients with suspected coronary disease were recruited in the study,who were randomly divided into two groups:group A (n=30) using conventional CT protocol with 350 mgI/ml contrast agent;group B (n=30) using low dose spectral CT imaging mode with 300 mgI/ml contrast agent.The images of group A were reconstructed with conventional process,and the images of group B were reconstructed with Optimal CNR to obtain the optimal monochromatic energy images.The images of both groups were transferred to an Advanced Workstation for analysis.Double-blinded method was carried out to qualify the images.CT values of coronary artery segments,as well as standard deviations (SD),the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR),contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of aortic sinus were measured.Radiation doses and iodine intake were compared between the two groups.The optimal keV distribution in group B was analyzed.Results There was no significant difference for the subjective scoring of image quality,CT value of each coronary artery segment,SD,SNR,and CNR values between the two groups (P>0.05).The effective radiation dose and total iodine load in group B were less than that in group A (P<0.05).The optimal energy distribution for group B was 60-75 keV,average at (66.50+3.91) keV.Conclusion Compared with the conventional CT protocol,spectral CT imaging at optimal energy levels combined with iterative reconstruction can effectively reduce the radiation dose and iodine load,and obtain better images than usual protocol.

12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 401-404, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808897

ABSTRACT

Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) are the standard treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR activating mutations. However, most of patients will develop resistance to TKIs treatment due to the emergence of the T790M mutation. The third-generation EGFR-TKI is highly selective and efficient for activating mutants (EGFR sensitive mutations) and resistance mutant (T790M+ ). This review summarizes the mechanism and clinical efficacy of the third-generation EGFR-TKI in NSCLC patients.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1370-1373, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the influential factors for the stability of gardenia yellow solution. METHODS:Using pigment loss rate as index,the stability of gardenia yellow solution was investigated within 12 h under different light(strong light, natural light,dark place),temperature(4,25,60,80 ℃),pH(3.0,5.0,7.0,9.0,11.0),oxidant concentration(hydrogen per-oxide solution,0,0.1%,0.2%,0.3%) conditions. The effects of 3 natural antioxidants as tea polyphenol,rosmarinic acid and grape seed extract on the stability of gardenia yellow solution were investigated within 12 h under different light(strong light,natu-ral light,dark place) and temperature (25,60,80 ℃) conditions;the effects of different concentrations of tea polyphenol (0, 0.05%,0.1%,0.2%)on the stability of gardenia yellow solution were also investigated within 12 h. RESULTS:The pigment loss rates were 20%,10% and 10% within 12 h under 3 light conditions;5%,5%,30% and 60% under 4 temperature conditions;12%,6%,6%,6% and 16% under 5 pH conditions;4%,12%,15% and 18% under 4 oxidant concentrations. After adding 3 antioxidants,pigment loss rate decreased by 10% under different light and temperature conditions except for 80 ℃,and the de-crease of tea polyphenol was most significant;among 4 concentrations of tea polyphenol,pigment loss rate was the lowest in 0.1%group. CONCLUSIONS:Gardenia yellow solution can't keep stable under strong light and high temperature;3 antioxidants can im-prove the stability of gardenia yellow solution,especially 0.1%tea polyphenol.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1389-1392, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504419

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize the processing technology for Stemonae radix fried with honey. METHODS:Firstly,sin-gle factor test of processing technology for Stemonae radix fried with honey was investigated with the amount of added water,infil-trating time,processing time and temperature as factors,using property and total alkaloid content as indexes. Then,the test was de-signed by orthogonal test;the processing technology was optimized by comprehensive weighted mark method with the amount of added water,processing time and temperature as factors,using total alkaloid content and anti-cough activity for mice as indexes;validation test was conducted. RESULTS:The optimal technology was as follows as 12.5 g honey dissolved with 10 g water for each 100 g Stemonae radix,at 140 ℃,processing for 6 min. In validation test,average content of total alkaliods was 0.77%(RSD=1.5%,n=3);average anti-cough activity was 91.20%(RSD=1.2%,n=3). CONCLUSIONS:The optimized process is simple,stable and easy,and provides reasonable trial reference for the formulation of processing technology for Stemonae radix fried with honey.

15.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 426-430, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496822

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the gait differences among patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment(AD-MCI) and the person with normal cognitive function,and analyze the reasons for the abnormal gait.Methods Eighty patients were included and divided into 3 groups according to the cognitive status:noncognitive impairment (NCI group,n =30),patients with mild cognitive impairment (AD-MCI group,n =29),Alzheimer's disease (AD group,n =21).The mini-mental state examination (MMSE),the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA),Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE-R),the connection test (TMT-A),Digit Span Test(DST),activities of daily living questionnaire(ADL) and associated gait and balance scale (5 times sit to stand test (FTSTT),3 m walking test (TUG),Berg balance scale) were used to evaluate all research objects in each group.Results There were significant differences in NCI group compared with AD-MCI group and AD group in terms of FTSTT,TUG,Berg balance Scale and leg speed((9.59±2.39) s vs.(13.71±4.65) s vs.(14.15±4.20) s,(7.70±1.58) s vs.(11.13±3.02) s vs.(11.35±4.43) s,(54.20±1.56) points vs.(48.17±4.93) points vs.(48.10±5.46) points,(82.12±22.79) cm/s vs.(57.49± 14.89) cm/s vs.(57.70±14.68) cm/s;P<0.05).There were significant differences in NCI group compared with AD-MCI group and AD group in terms of MMSE,MoCA,ACE-R,TMT-A,DST((28.67±1.27) points vs.(26.76±2.59) points vs.(21.86±5.29) points,(26.03±2.58) points vs.(22.39±5.05) points vs.(16.90±5.05) points,(85.80±5.90) points vs.(78.03±7.58) points vs.(60.95± 13.99) points,(12.66±5.36) s vs.(18.99 ± 11.46) s vs.(30.49±26.98)s,(18.60±4.64) points vs.(15.94±4.76) points vs.(12.86±5.23) points;P <0.05).Conclusion Gait disorder might be an early sign for cognitive impairment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496319

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Yangyinqingfei granula on immune function in the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia complicated with Epstein-Barr virus of children.Methods 108 mycoplasma pneumonia complicated with Epstein-Barr virus of children from our hospital were selected and randomly divided into two groups.The control group of 54 cases were treated by simple western medicine treatment and the experimental group of 54 cases were treated on the basis of the control group with Yangyinqingfei granula.The improvement of clinical symptoms, inflammation indexes and the levels of T lymphocyte subsets, clinical efficacy and complications were compared.Results The clinical efficacy in experimental group was 90.74%,which was significant higher than that in control group 75.93%(P <0.05).Compared with the control group,the remission duration of fever, cough and rales,the disappearance time of lung X-ray,the length of stay were shorter(P<0.05), the CRP,IL-6,TNF-αand IL-8 levels were lower ( P <0.05 ) , the CD3 +, CD4 +, CD4 +/CD8 + and NK levels were higher, the CD8 +level was lower ( P <0.05 ) . Conclusion Yangyinqingfei granula could reduce the inflammatory factors and improve immune function in the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia complicated with Epstein Barr virus infection pneumonia in children.

17.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1285-1288, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495954

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of low dose of radiation combined with low concentration of contrast medium in the energy spectrum CT of the coronary artery angiography.Methods 60 patients with suspected diagnosis of coronary heart disease were randomly divided into A,B two groups,30 cases in each group.Group A with 350 mg I/mL contrast agent,undergoing conventional CT scanning;Group B using 300 mg I/mL contrast agent,the gems energy spectrum CT scanning with low-dose.Two groups both adopted forward-looking heart switch control scanning mode.After scanning,group A reconstructed conventional images of 40% ASiR sequence,group B rebuilded axial surface images of single energy 65 keV and 40% ASiR sequence,all the reconstruction images were introduced to AW4.6 workstations used for analysis.Double-blind subjective rating was done by two experienced doctors to measure CT values and SD of aortic sinus (AS),left main (LMA),the left anterior descending branch proximal (LAD-p),left circumflex branch proximal (LCX-p), right coronary artery proximal (RCA-p)and pericardial fat,AS the noise (SD),to calculate the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)and contrast to noise ratio (CNR),to calculate the effective doses of radiation(ED)by recording CTDI and DLP,and to record iodine intake.By using two independent samples t test to compare two groups of patients’the effective radiation doses,iodine intake,the average CT value,SD,SNR and CNR.Results The subjective image quality score differences and coronary measuring section CT values between the two groups had no statistical significance.In the aspects of effective radiation dose,group B reduced about 29% compared to group A,the difference was statistically significant.Iodine intake in group B decreased about 16% than in group A.Conclusion In coronary artery CT imaging, spectral scanning with low dose of radiation and reconstruction images with single energy can effectively reduce the radiation dose and iodine intake,at the same time it can obtain the approximate image quality like conventional scanning.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466847

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of catch-up growth on insulin resistance(IR) through analysis of biochemical and metabolic indices in premature infants.Methods There were 126 infants admitted in the Department of Neonatology,the Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College from December 2010 to December 2013 [factors which might affect the secretion of insulin(INS),C peptide and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) were excluded].According to gestational age and birth weight,babies were divided into small for gestational age (SGA) group and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) group.And according to the age on follow-up,babies were divided into 1-to-6-month-old group,7-to-12-month-old group and ≥ 1-to-3 year-old group.All cases had 6 mL peripheral venous blood sampled in the early morning during fasting in the first week,and 6,12,24,36 months after birth.They were tested for levels of INS,C peptide,IGF-1,triglyceride (TC),total cholesterol (TG),high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C),low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C),fasting blood-glucose (FBG),albumin,prealbumin and creatinine respectively.At the same time,the physical parameters were measured,including weight,body length,and calculated insulin resistance index (IRI),Ponderal index,weight standard deviation score (SDS),and length SDS.Results (1) Catch-up growth after premature birth occupied 65.6% (63/96 cases),whereas no catch-up growth occupied 34.4% (33/96 cases) of study snbjects,and among them catch-up growth of 37 cases was better (8 cases of SGA,29 cases of AGA),26 cases showing catch-up growth(7 cases of SGA,19 cases of AGA),33 cases without catch-up growth(11 cases of SGA,22 cases of AGA).No statistical significance was found in the distribution of catch-up growth between SGA group and AGA group(P > 0.05).(2) The LgIRI,LgINS of group with good catch-up growth was significantly lower than the group with no catch-up growth group (F =3.55,3.47) in infancy,but the level of IGF-1 and prealbumin was higher than that of no catch-up growth group (F =3.55,4.94),the difference had statistical significance (P < 0.05) ; the better catch-up growth was associated with higher IGF-1 and prealbumin,but with lower LgIRI.(3) The risk factors for insulin resistance were SGA (OR =7.904,P =0.001),low birth weight < 1 500 g (OR=8.737,P=0.019),and no catch-up growth (OR=11.706,P=0.000).Conclusions The better catch-up growth in infancy is associated with higher IGF-1 and prealbumin,but lower IR.The risk factors of IR include SGA,low birth weight and no catch-up growth,and the last being the major factor.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479648

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of anatomic M-mode echocardiography (AMM)for pristine diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary heart diseases (CAD).Methods 44 inner patients who were suspected as CAD were detected.Ordinary ultrasound was performed first.The ventricular segmental wall thickness and amplitude were measured by AMM.Then,we got the ventricular wall thickening fractions.All subjects should take the coronary angiography after the ultrasound examination in 1 -3 days.Patients with the vascular stenosis rate≥50% were defined as the CAD group,patients with the completely normal angiographic results were included in the normal control group according to the results of angiography.The parametric differences between the patients and the normal control subjects were compared.Results In the normal control subjects,the ventricular segmental wall amplitude >5mm accounted for 78.67%,the ventricular wall thickening fractions >30% accounted for 99.13%.But in CAD group,the ventricular segmental wall amplitude <4mm accounted for 61.14%,<5mm accounted for 93.47%,the abnormal ventricular wall thickening fractions <30% accounted for 88.43%.The sensitivity, specificity,accuracy of AMM were 77.47%,90.00%,77.39% respectively.Conclusion The ventricular wall thickening fractions of AMMhas quite significant correlation with morbid blood vessel in patients with CAD,they are effective reference indicators to evaluate the left ventricular wall motion quantitatively.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 955-958,960, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603637

ABSTRACT

PurposeTo explore the feasibility of personalized energy spectrum scanning in upper abdomen CT by comparing the image quality and radiation dose of optimizing choice spectrum scanning protocol with conventional 120 kVp scan.Material and Methods Sixty patients undergoing abdominal CT scan with and without contrast enhancement were prospectively collected and randomly assigned into two groups. Group A (30 patients) underwent conventional 120 kVp scan and spectral enhancement scanning; group B (30 patients) underwent spectrum scan and 120 kVp enhancement scanning. Spectral scanning protocol was based on individual choice with conventional 120 kVp NI10-5 mm average mAs scan for every patient. The CT dose index of volume (CTDIvol) and effective dose (ED) during non-contrast phase and portal venous phase were recorded. The CT value, standard deviation (SD), signal noise ratio (SNR) and contrast noise ratio (CNR) were measured in the liver parenchyma, spleen parenchyma and portal venous trunk.Results The CTDIvol and ED of spectrum scanning were less than 120 kVp scan but there was no statistical difference (P>0.05). The SD of group B GSI imaging was less than group A 120 kVp (P<0.05), while the SNR was greater than group A. The SD of group A GSI portal venous phase in the liver, spleen and portal vein was less than group B 120 kVp (P<0.05).ConclusionThe optimized energy spectrum scanning protocol can reduce radiation dose with quality of single energy image from the energy spectrum equal to or better than the conventional 120 kVp scanning protocol. Personalized energy spectrum scan protocol provides multi-parameter diagnosis and multi-application platform and can be used routinely in the upper abdomen scan.

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