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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 320-328, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs on bleeding and cardio-cerebral vascular events in perioperative period of catherization for peritoneal dialysis.Methods:The clinical data of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis catheterization in Peking University Third Hospital from July 1, 2010 to December 31, 2020 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into drugs discontinuation group and drugs continuation group according to whether the anticoagulant drugs or antiplatelet drugs were discontinued or not. Baseline clinical data and bleeding and cardio-cerebral events after surgery were compared between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for bleeding and cardio-cerebral events.Results:A total of 57 patients were included in the study, with 34 males and 23 females. The age was (67.37±13.93) years old (range from 27 to 97 years old). There were 37 patients in drugs discontinuation group and 20 patients in drugs continuation group. The proportions of acute myocardial infarction events in drugs continuation group were higher than those in drugs discontinuation group in 3 months and 6 months before surgery (10/20 vs 3/37, χ2=10.671, P=0.001; 11/20 vs 3/37, χ2=12.980, P<0.001 respectively). The median drugs discontinuation time was 5.0(2.0, 14.0) d (range from 1 to 30 d) before surgery, and median restore medication time was 4.0(3.0, 7.0) d (range from 1 to 14 d) after surgery in drugs discontinuation group. There was no significant difference in the proportion of bleeding (10/37 vs 8/20, χ2=1.011, P=0.315) and cardio-cerebral events (4/37 vs 0/20, χ2=0.964, P=0.326) between drugs discontinuation group and drugs continuation group within 2 weeks after surgery. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that drugs discontinuation before surgery was not an independent influencing factor for bleeding events ( OR=0.656, 95% CI 0.195-2.206, P=0.496), however combination of aspirin and clopidogrel before surgery was an independent influencing factor for bleeding events ( OR=4.038, 95% CI 1.044-15.626, P=0.043). All cardio-cerebral events (4 cases) happened in drugs discontinuation group, and myocardial angina in 6 months before surgery ( OR=9.764, 95% CI 0.928-102.682, P=0.058) and increased serum calcium concentration ( OR=1.491, 95% CI 0.976-2.278, P=0.065) were related with an elevated trend for cardio-cerebral events. Conclusions:Whether anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs are discontinued before catherization surgery for peritoneal dialysis is not an independent influencing factor for bleeding events after surgery. The risk of postoperative bleeding in patients using combination of aspirin and clopidogrel should be paid attention. Myocardial angina in 6 months before surgery and higher serum calcium are related with an elevated trend for cardio-cerebral events after drugs discontinuation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940764

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the intervention effect of Ruyi Zhenbao pills (RYZBP) on central pain after thalamic stroke in mice and explore the underlying mechanism. MethodThe central post-stroke pain syndrome (CPSP) model was induced by stereotactic injection of type Ⅳ collagenase into the hypothalamus in mice. The mice were divided into a sham group, a model group, low-, medium-, and high-dose RYZBP groups (0.65, 1.3, 2.6 g·kg-1), and a pregabalin group (0.075 g·kg-1). Seven days after modeling, the mice in the groups with drug intervention were administered with corresponding drugs by gavage according to the body mass, once per day for 25 days, while those in the sham group and the model group received an equal volume of normal saline. During this period, mechanical pain and cold pain were detected at different time points, and the apoptotic state of brain tissue cells was detected by in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL). The 36 classical broad-spectrum inflammatory factors were quantitatively analyzed by liquid-phase chip technology, and differential molecules were screened out and verified by Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). ResultCompared with sham operation group, mechanical pain threshold and cold sensitive pain threshold in model group were significantly changed (P<0.01). TUNEL results showed that apoptosis of brain cells was obvious. Western blot and ELISA results showed that the expressions of interleukin-1α (IL-1α) and chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) increased in hypothalamus tissue and serum, while the expressions of Ang-2, granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and IL-4 decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with model group, RYZBW dose groups significantly increased mechanical pain threshold, decreased cold sensitivity pain threshold, decreased hypothalamus cell apoptosis ratio (P<0.01), decreased the expression of IL-1α and CCL5 in hypothalamus tissue and serum, while the expression of ANG-2, G-CSF and IL-4 were significantly increased (P<0.05). ConclusionRYZBP can relieve hyperalgesia in CPSP mice, and its mechanism is related to the regulation of the expression of pro-/anti-inflammatory factors IL-1α, CCL5, IL-4, G-CSF, and Ang-2.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885569

ABSTRACT

Overweight or obese women have a significantly increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). With the increasing prevalence of obesity among women of reproductive age, the prevalence of GDM has also risen. The prevention of GDM during pregnancy is particularly important in reducing the adverse pregnancy outcomes for both mothers and their offspring and decreasing the economic burden of the society. Lifestyle interventions (exercises, dietary), dietary supplementation, and pharmacological approaches are the main preventive measures. Exercise intervention and myo-inositol supplementation are effective in preventing GDM; dietary intervention and combined lifestyle intervention have some benefits, but the results remain controversial; probiotic supplementation and prophylactic use of metformin seem to be ineffective; the effectiveness of vitamin D supplementation is unclear.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907623

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has become an important part of the health system in the Sultanate of Oman. Although there is no independent law, the local health department has implemented the administrative measures such as the admittance assessment system of TCM doctors and the standardized examination and approval of TCM clinics. The development of TCM in the Sultanate of Oman is supported by the policies of the two governments, with the characteristics likemedical cooperation starting with high-level personnel, the cooperation in economy, trade and medical treatment, TCM and local traditional medicine showing inclusive with good base, and the advantages of TCM theory and treatment meeting the needs of the local medical market. The prospect of cooperation in TCM market is broad. It is suggested that the local government should promote the legislation of traditional medicine and improve the admittance system of practitioners. China needs to promote the formulation of international standards of TCM and optimize the cooperation platform of TCM by using Internet and other technologies. The practitioners in China need to carry out medical activities on the premise of understanding and respecting the local cultural background.In order to promote the development of TCM in Arab countries, the Sultanate of Oman will radiate the whole Middle East through the above strategies.

5.
Gut and Liver ; : 887-894, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914356

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To investigate postpartum hepatic flares and associated factors in highly viremic pregnant patients in the immune tolerance phase who adopted telbivudine (LdT) treatment in the last trimester to reduce vertical transmission of hepatitis B virus. @*Methods@#Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive, highly viremic pregnant women were recruited for this prospective study. Treatment with LdT was started from 28 weeks of gestation. Virological and biochemical markers were examined before LdT treatment, antepartum and postpartum. Serial blood samples at the same time were collected to detect cytokines and cortisol (COR). @*Results@#Fifty-six of 153 patients (36.6%) had postpartum hepatic flares, defined as a 2-fold increase in alanine aminotransferase 6 weeks after delivery. Age and the antepartum alanine aminotransferase and postpartum HBeAg levels were independent influencing factors of postpartum hepatic flares. Cytokines showed no regularity during or after pregnancy. Compared with the patients with no postpartum flares, the patients with flares had lower baseline interferon γ and COR levels (p=0.022 and p=0.028) and higher postpartum interferon γ levels (p=0.026). @*Conclusions@#A high proportion of highly viremic and immune-tolerant pregnant patients treated with LdT in the last trimester had postpartum hepatic flares, which implied that these patients entered the immune clearance phase after delivery. Thus, this may create an appropriate opportunity for re-antiviral therapy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 16-22, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798916

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation between the level of anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA) and clinical indicators of first visited primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) patients with positive AMA.@*Methods@#From January 2013 to December 2016, the clinical data of 1 323 patients with positive AMA and/or AMA-M2 detected for the first time were collected through the Information System of Peking University People′s Hospital. Among them, 183 were detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay, 431 were measured by immunoblotting, and 709 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Patients were divided into undiagnosed PBC group (non-PBC group, 973 cases) and newly diagnosed PBC group (new-PBC group, 350 cases including 268 cases of non-liver cirrhosis and 82 cases of liver cirrhosis); among 709 cases detected by ELISA, there were 567 cases in the non-PBC group and 142 cases in the new-PBC group (115 cases of non-liver cirrhosis PBC group and 27 cases of liver cirrhosis PBC group). Among 183 cases determined by indirect immunofluorescence assay, there were 118 cases in the non-PBC group and 65 cases in the new-PBC group. Among them 69 cases with low AMA titer (1∶40—1∶80) (53 cases of non-PBC group and 16 cases of new-PBC group), 95 cases with medium titer (1∶160—1∶320) (59 cases of non-PBC group and 36 cases of new-PBC group) and 19 cases with high titer (≥1∶640) (six cases of non-PBC group and 13 cases of new-PBC group). AMA levels among groups were compared, and its correlation with clinical serology and cirrhosis indicators of PBC including immunoglobulin (Ig)G, IgM, platelet, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyltranspeptadase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), serum total protein, serum albumin, total bilirubin (TBil), total cholesterol (TC), and aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis (Fib-4) was analysed. Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and linear regression analysis were performed for statistical analysis.@*Results@#By ELISA method, the median titer of AMA-M2 of 709 patients was 53 RU/mL, the serum AMA and AMA-M2 levels of new-PBC group were both higher than those of non-PBC group (1∶320 vs. 1∶80, 180 RU/mL vs. 47 RU/mL), and the differences were statistically significant (χ2 = 14.111, Z = -7.531, both P < 0.01). In non-PBC group, the AMA-M2 value was positively correlated with age, serum IgG, IgM, AST, GGT, ALP, serum total protein and TC, all of which were statistically significant (Rho = 0.114, 0.108, 0.337, 0.089, 0.197, 0.086, 0.121 and 0.073, all P<0.05). In new-PBC group, AMA-M2 value was positively correlated with age, IgM, serum total protein and TC, however was negatively correlated with platelet count, all of which were statistically significant (Rho = 0.218, 0.483, 0.230, 0.161, and -0.183, all P<0.05). The median values of serum AMA and AMA-M2 of PBC without liver cirrhosis group were both tended to be lower than those of PBC with liver cirrhosis (1∶160 vs. 1∶320; 174 RU/mL vs. 495 RU/mL), however the differences were not statistically significant (both P>0.05). AMA-M2 value of patients in PBC with liver cirrhosis group was positively correlated with IgM level (r = 0.38, P = 0.039), but was not correlated with APRI and Fib-4 (all P > 0.05). The median of AMA value of 183 patients who underwent indirect immunofluorescence test was 1∶160. In non-PBC group, the IgM levels of patients with low, medium and high AMA titers gradually increased (the median levels were 1.2, 1.7 and 1.8 g/L, respectively); in new-PBC group, the levels of IgM, GGT and ALP of patients with low, medium and high AMA titers gradually increased (median IgM levels were 1.5, 3.7 and 4.1 g/L, respectively; GGT levels were 144, 182 and 317 U/L, respectively; and ALP levels were 137, 168 and 221 U/L, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (χ2 =6.260, 7.081, 8.030, 15.226, all P<0.05). In non-PBC group, the median level of serum AMA-M2 of men was lower than that of women (41 RU/L vs. 50 RU/L), and the difference was statistically significant (Z = -2.945, P = 0.003). In new-PBC group, the median level of serum AMA-M2 of men tended to be lower than that of women (113 RU/mL vs. 206 RU/mL), but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.257).@*Conclusion@#Serum AMA level is correlated with many clinical parameters and may be related with the disease severity in patients with PBC.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 16-22, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871449

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between the level of anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA) and clinical indicators of first visited primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) patients with positive AMA.Methods:From January 2013 to December 2016, the clinical data of 1 323 patients with positive AMA and/or AMA-M2 detected for the first time were collected through the Information System of Peking University People′s Hospital. Among them, 183 were detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay, 431 were measured by immunoblotting, and 709 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Patients were divided into undiagnosed PBC group (non-PBC group, 973 cases) and newly diagnosed PBC group (new-PBC group, 350 cases including 268 cases of non-liver cirrhosis and 82 cases of liver cirrhosis); among 709 cases detected by ELISA, there were 567 cases in the non-PBC group and 142 cases in the new-PBC group (115 cases of non-liver cirrhosis PBC group and 27 cases of liver cirrhosis PBC group). Among 183 cases determined by indirect immunofluorescence assay, there were 118 cases in the non-PBC group and 65 cases in the new-PBC group. Among them 69 cases with low AMA titer (1∶40—1∶80) (53 cases of non-PBC group and 16 cases of new-PBC group), 95 cases with medium titer (1∶160—1∶320) (59 cases of non-PBC group and 36 cases of new-PBC group) and 19 cases with high titer (≥1∶640) (six cases of non-PBC group and 13 cases of new-PBC group). AMA levels among groups were compared, and its correlation with clinical serology and cirrhosis indicators of PBC including immunoglobulin (Ig)G, IgM, platelet, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyltranspeptadase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), serum total protein, serum albumin, total bilirubin (TBil), total cholesterol (TC), and aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis (Fib-4) was analysed. Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and linear regression analysis were performed for statistical analysis. Results:By ELISA method, the median titer of AMA-M2 of 709 patients was 53 RU/mL, the serum AMA and AMA-M2 levels of new-PBC group were both higher than those of non-PBC group (1∶320 vs. 1∶80, 180 RU/mL vs. 47 RU/mL), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 = 14.111, Z = -7.531, both P < 0.01). In non-PBC group, the AMA-M2 value was positively correlated with age, serum IgG, IgM, AST, GGT, ALP, serum total protein and TC, all of which were statistically significant ( Rho = 0.114, 0.108, 0.337, 0.089, 0.197, 0.086, 0.121 and 0.073, all P<0.05). In new-PBC group, AMA-M2 value was positively correlated with age, IgM, serum total protein and TC, however was negatively correlated with platelet count, all of which were statistically significant ( Rho = 0.218, 0.483, 0.230, 0.161, and -0.183, all P<0.05). The median values of serum AMA and AMA-M2 of PBC without liver cirrhosis group were both tended to be lower than those of PBC with liver cirrhosis (1∶160 vs. 1∶320; 174 RU/mL vs. 495 RU/mL), however the differences were not statistically significant (both P>0.05). AMA-M2 value of patients in PBC with liver cirrhosis group was positively correlated with IgM level ( r = 0.38, P = 0.039), but was not correlated with APRI and Fib-4 (all P > 0.05). The median of AMA value of 183 patients who underwent indirect immunofluorescence test was 1∶160. In non-PBC group, the IgM levels of patients with low, medium and high AMA titers gradually increased (the median levels were 1.2, 1.7 and 1.8 g/L, respectively); in new-PBC group, the levels of IgM, GGT and ALP of patients with low, medium and high AMA titers gradually increased (median IgM levels were 1.5, 3.7 and 4.1 g/L, respectively; GGT levels were 144, 182 and 317 U/L, respectively; and ALP levels were 137, 168 and 221 U/L, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 =6.260, 7.081, 8.030, 15.226, all P<0.05). In non-PBC group, the median level of serum AMA-M2 of men was lower than that of women (41 RU/L vs. 50 RU/L), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z = -2.945, P = 0.003). In new-PBC group, the median level of serum AMA-M2 of men tended to be lower than that of women (113 RU/mL vs. 206 RU/mL), but the difference was not statistically significant ( P=0.257). Conclusion:Serum AMA level is correlated with many clinical parameters and may be related with the disease severity in patients with PBC.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 307-312, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866821

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors influencing the short-term mortality of patients with sepsis in intensive care unit (ICU) and the combined value of predicting prognosis.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 104 patients with sepsis admitted to emergency ICU of Jiangsu Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2018 to August 2019. Multiple general information containing gender, age, past history as well as complications and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, mean arterial pressure (MAP), blood routine examination, hepatic and renal function, coagulation indicators and procalcitonin (PCT) were collected within 24 hours of admission. Patients were divided into death group and survival group according to the 28-day outcome. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to find the effective factors influencing the prognosis of sepsis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the value of related indexes in predicting the prognosis of sepsis. Correlation between parameters that might be relevant to disease severity and SOFA score was evaluated by Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis.Results:104 patients were enrolled for final analysis, of whom 60 patients survived, while the others died with a 28-day mortality of 42.3%. ① Univariate analysis results: the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), SOFA score, serum creatinine (SCr), D-dimer, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), international normalized ratio (INR) and PCT in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group [incidence of AKI: 70.5% (31/44) vs. 36.7% (22/60), SOFA score: 11.0 (8.0, 13.0) vs. 8.0 (6.2, 10.0), SCr (μmol/L): 108.8 (65.5, 235.6) vs. 75.1 (55.1, 109.5), D-dimer (mg/L): 4.1 (1.6, 11.6) vs. 2.1 (1.2, 4.3), APTT (s): 42.6 (37.7, 55.7) vs. 40.3 (35.9, 44.7), INR: 1.3 (1.2, 1.5) vs. 1.2 (1.1, 1.4), PCT (μg/L): 3.1 (0.4, 39.9) vs. 0.3 (0.1, 3.4), all P < 0.05]. ② Multivariate Logistic regression analysis results: all indicators of univariate analysis were included in the multivariate Logistic regression model considering interaction between each variable. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was repeated based on conditional backward method. Age, SOFA score, MAP, neutrophil (NEU), lymphocyte (LYM) and APTT were automatically selected by SPSS software to build the predicting model. Analysis results showed that SOFA score, NEU and LYM were independent risk factors for the short-term prognosis of sepsis [SOFA score: odds ratio ( OR) = 1.22, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.04-1.44, P = 0.02; NEU: OR = 1.14, 95% CI was 1.03-1.26, P = 0.01; LYM: OR = 0.79, 95% CI was 0.66-0.95, P = 0.01]. ③ ROC curve analysis results: the above six-variable prediction model had the optimal fitting degree defaulted by SPSS. ROC curve showed that the combination of age [area under ROC curve (AUC) = 0.60], SOFA score (AUC = 0.71), MAP (AUC = 0.53), NEU (AUC = 0.59), LYM (AUC = 0.54) and APTT (AUC = 0.61) had better sensitivity (79.5%) and specificity (65.0%) as well as the maximal AUC (AUC = 0.75), which suggested that combined prediction had higher diagnostic value in predicting the short-term prognosis of sepsis.④ Correlation analysis showed that NEU, D-dimer, prothrombin time (PT), APTT, INR and PCT were positively correlated with SOFA score ( r values were 0.26, 0.28, 0.21, 0.22, 0.10, 0.38, respectively, all P < 0.05). Conclusions:SOFA score, NEU and LYM were independent risk factors for the short-term prognosis of sepsis. The combination of age, SOFA score, MAP, NEU, LYM and APTT were more accurate than any single factor in predicting the short-term prognosis of sepsis and had higher diagnostic value. NEU, D-dimer, PT, APTT, INR and PCT were correlated with SOFA score.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746264

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing gradually. The pathological changes of NAFLD can progress from simple hepatic steatosis to steatohepatitis , and to advanced liver fibrosis ultimately. Accurate diagnosis and identification of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis patients are necessary for the treatment and management of NAFLD. The traditional gold standard--liver biopsy is an invasive procedure that is not suitable for clinical practice and clinical trials. Some non-invasive markers for NAFLD based on serological testing will be a new direction for the diagnosis of NAFLD. This article reviews the laboratory tests, clinical parameters, genomic and metabolomics-related NAFLD non-invasive serological markers.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 261-266, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805048

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the changes of liver function, virology and serology and the safety of drug withdrawal in pregnant women who are chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers.@*Methods@#A prospective clinical cohort was established to enroll pregnant women who are chronic HBV carriers and they were divided into the nucleoside/nucleotide analogs (NAs) intervention group and the non-NAs intervention group according to patients' wishes. Liver function, HBV DNA and HBV serological markers were detected at gestation, postpartum 6 weeks, 12 weeks, 24 weeks, 36 weeks and 48 weeks.@*Results@#351 patients were enrolled, 320 in the NAs intervention group and 31 in the non-NAs intervention group. The proportion of postpartum hepatitis flares in both groups was higher than that in pregnancy (39.4% vs 12.5%, P < 0.001; 38.7% vs 3.2%, P = 0.001). Six weeks postpartum was the peak period of hepatitis flares, and 96.0% (121/126) of the hepatitis flares occurred within 24 weeks postpartum. At 6 weeks postpartum, there were 6 cases of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≥ 10 times upper limit of normal (ULN) in the NAs intervention group. The rate of the hepatitis flare after drug withdrawal was 16.7% (34/203).@*Conclusion@#Regardless of the presence or absence of NAs intervention, pregnant women who are chronic HBV carriers have a certain proportion of hepatitis flares during pregnancy and postpartum, and the hepatitis flare even have a tendency to be severe. Therefore, drug withdrawal after delivery is not always safe, which requires close observation and classification. At 6 weeks postpartum, the incidence of hepatitis flares was high, and those who meet the treatment indications can get better therapeutic effects if given appropriate treatment. The vast majority (96%) of postpartum hepatitis flares occur within 24 weeks, so it is recommended to follow up to at least 24 weeks postpartum after discontinuation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 88-91, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804764

ABSTRACT

The reports of liver dysfunction during pregnancy or postpartum have gradually increased in pregnant women who are chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus (HBV), but there is no consensus on when to intervene and how to deal with it. This article reviewed recent literature reports and found that pregnant women who are chronic carriers of HBV, regardless of intervention of nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs), have a certain proportion of hepatitis flares or severe disease during pregnancy and postpartum, suggesting that postpartum drug withdrawal is not always safe, and close follow-up is required. Furthermore, it recommends that treatment should be in accordance to the gestational weeks and ALT levels. NAs are the main treatment choice in the onset of hepatitis flares during pregnancy, however, postpartum hepatitis flares requires NAs or interferon therapy, and it have been reported that combination of NAs and interferon might achieve higher therapeutic response.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804604

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the epidemiologic characteristics of hand, foot and mouth disease in Zhejiang province between 2009 and 2017, so that scientific evidence could be provided for prevention and control of hand, foot and mouth disease.@*Methods@#Spatial, temporal and population distribution of HFMD was analyzed. Real-time reverse transcription polymerase cain reaction was used to test Enterovirus A71 and Coxsackievirus A16 in samples.@*Results@#Between 2009 and 2017, 1 108 093 HFMD cases were reported in Zhejiang with the prevalence of 226.24/100000; 2010, 2012, 2014 and 2016 had a higher prevalence than other years. Prevalence of HFMD peaked in April-July and September-October. Wenzhou, Taizhou and Ningbo had a higher prevalence than other cities. In total, 69.27% cases were children who were not enrolled in nursery school, and 65.67% were 1-3 years old. Pathogen surveillance showed that EV-A71 decreased in mild cases, whereas other enterovirus increased. However EV-A71 was still predominant in severe and fatal cases (56.0%).@*Conclusions@#Temporal and spatial distribution of HFMD is characteristic in Zhejiang province. EV-A71 predominated in severe cases and fatal cases, while other enterovirus (non-EV-A71, non CV-A16) were the main pathogen for mild cases.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 643-647, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810843

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the basic information of anti-mitochondrial antibody (anti-AMA)-positive patients after initial diagnosis, and to set groundwork for further exploring the clinical significance of AMA in various diseases.@*Methods@#Demographic data and related clinical information recorded through the Information System of Peking University People's Hospital from January 2013 to December 2016 were collected. Patients whose AMA and/or AMA-M2 first- tested as positive were recorded. Complications were classified according to the International Classification of Diseases.@*Results@#A total of 1323 AMA positive cases were discovered for the first time. Among them, 78.0% were women, and the age of initial diagnosis was 56.8 ± 16.0 years. The first three initially diagnosed departments were rheumatology and immunology (37.4%), liver Disease (15.9%) and hematology (15.9%) relevant to musculoskeletal and connective tissue diseases (45.2%), hematology and hematopoietic organs and immune diseases (30.6%) and circulatory system diseases (29.7%). There were 297 newly confirmed cases of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC); accounting for 89.2% of women, and the age of initial diagnosis was 60.1 ± 12.4 years. The top three departments of initially diagnosed as PBC were liver disease (37.7%), rheumatology (33.0%) and gastroenterology (15.2%), of which 39.7% had musculoskeletal and connective tissue diseases, 27.9% had circulatory diseases, and 24.9 % were combined with endocrine and metabolic diseases.@*Conclusion@#Besides PBC and other autoimmune diseases, AMA and / or AMA-M2 positivity can be observed in a variety of diseases in several clinical departments, and its clinical significance remains to be further clarified.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 657-663, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711613

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic anterior fundoplication by the MUSETM endoscopic stapling device in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).Methods From March to November 2017,in the Department of Gastroenterology of Chinese PLA General Hospital in Beijing,The First People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine,thirteen GERD patients who underwent the endoscopic anterior fundoplication by the MUSETM system were enrolled.The GERD health related quality of life questionnaire (GERD-HRQL) score,satisfaction of symptomatic control,questionnaire for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD-Q) score,the degree of esophagitis,condition of gastroesophageal flap valve,medicine administration and side effects were compared before and after the operation.Paired t test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were performed for statistical analysis.Results The total GERD-HRQL score decreased from 23 points (14 to 36 points) before operation when proton pump inhibitor (PPI) was stopped for seven days to 3 points (0 to 21 points) at three months after operation and 1 point (0 to 18 points) at six months after operation;and the differences were statistically significant (Z=-3.111 and -3.183,both P<0.01).Among 13 patients,the GERD-HRQL score of 11 patients decreased over 50 % after operation.The heartburn score decreased from 21 points (13 to 29 points) before operation when PPI was stopped for seven days to 0 point (0 to 17 points) at three months after operation and 0 point (0 to 16 points) at six months after operation;and the differences were statistically significant (Z=-3.113 and -3.182,both P<0.01).Among 13 patients,assessment of symptom control at three months after operation of seven patients were satisfactory,four patients were mostly satisfactory and two patients were unsatisfactory;assessment of symptom control at six months after operation of nine patients were satisfactory,four patients were mostly satisfactory;and the satisfaction rate were both higher than that before operation,and the differences were statistically significant (x2=16.235 and 25.159,both P<0.01).The total GERD-Q score reduced from 13 points (8 to 17 points) before operation to 6 points (3 to 11 points) at three months after operation and 6 points (6 to 13 points) at six months after operation (Z=-3.192 and-3.066,both P<0.01).DeMeester score decreased from 38.40 points (20.20 to 255.30 points) to 11.10 points (1.10 to 46.20 points) at six months after operation;and the percent of total time of esophageal pH<4 reduced from 10% (5% to 75%) to 3% (0 to 13%) at six months after operation;the difference was statistically significant (Z=-3.181 and-3.180,both P=0.001).There was no significant difference in esophageal motility changes before and after treatment (all P > 0.05).The number of patients without esophagitis increased from three before treatment to eight after treatment.Additionally,the number of patients whose gastroesophageal flap valve was less than grade Ⅱ increased from three before operation to 11 at six months after operation.The patients were followed up for six months,among 13 patients,10 patients were completely deprived of PPI,one patient was reduced over 50%,and two patients were treated with less than 50% reduction.All 13 patients had mild tolerable abdominal pain and sore throat within 48 hours after operation.No other adverse reactions were observed.Conclusion The endoscopic anterior fundoplication by the MUSETM is a safe and effective treatment for GERD.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710110

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and safety of the robot - assisted system YunSRobot for remote manipulation endoscopy. Methods When the master of YunSRobot was installed in the gastroenterology office in Chinese PLA General Hospital, the robot slave and upper gastrointestinal simulation model (Takahashi Lm103,Japan) were installed at the same time in the State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation. Three physicians were trained to operate the master robotics and performed gastroscopy on the simulation model based on network cloud. Each physician performed 3 procedures of oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) by YunSRobot using traditional manual endoscopy, on-site operating mode, and remote manipulation mode, respectively. The operating time, lumenal anatomic exposure,man-machine interaction and other parameters were recorded. Results The number of standard pictures obtained by traditional manual endoscopy group, on-site operating group and remote manipulation group were 39.9±0.3, 39.8±0.4, 39.9±0.3, respectively. The images of all five lesions could be obtained by each operation. The operating time in the duodenum of remote group was longer than that of on-site group, with average time (78.2±16.0)s vs. (68.9±15.8)s (P=0.021) respectively. As to the operating time on other parts or total time, all three groups were comparable. Although there was a mean delay of (572.1±48.5) ms in remote operation group, the operation was still smooth. However, compared with on-site group, the percentage of clear view time in the duodenum was significantly shortened in remote group: [(77.8±8.2)% vs. (83.9 ± 6.4)% , P=0.024]. Statistically significant difference was detected in percentage of clear view time neither in other sites, nor was in the total operating time between two groups. The operating time in each part of remote group was obviously longer than that of manual group as followings, pharyngeal (27.3±4.2) s vs. (9.2±1.3)s (P<0.001), esophageal (29.7±6.4)s vs. (19.3±1.6)s (P=0.004), stomach (56.7±17.0)s vs. (40.3±7.0)s (P=0.003), pylorus (20.2±5.5)s vs. (9.3±1.3)s (P<0.001), duodenum (78.2±16.0)s vs. (29.3±5.6)s (P<0.001). Thus the total operating time was also longer in remote group as (559.0±87.2)s vs. (253.1±16.6)s (P<0.001). The respective time in pharynx, esophagus, stomach, pylorus, duodenum, or the overall time was all longer in remote group than that in manual group. Conclusions The soft endoscopy robot YunSRobot has satisfactory safety and stability. Remote upper gastrointestinal endoscopy can be completed based on common network and an endoscope simulation model with smooth operation. The inspection time by YunSRobot robot per part and the overall time are longer than those of manual operation on site, still, remote operating time meets the standard of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708428

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs in pancreas surgery.Methods A computer search was performed on databases which included the Wanfang,CNKI,VIP,PubMed,Cochrane Library,Embase and Sciencedirect for randomized controlled trials or case-control studies on ERAS programs in pancreatic surgery published between January 1995 and August 2017.Two researchers independently evaluated the quality of the studies which met the inclusion criteria and performed a meta-analysis using the RevMan5.3.5 software.Results Four randomized controlled trials and twenty one case-control studies which included 4 063 patients entered into the meta-analysis.These patients included the ERAS group (n =2 052) and the control group (n =2 011 who underwent traditional perioperative management).Compared with the control group,the ERAS group had a lower postoperative complication rate (OR =0.57,95% CI:0.45 ~0.71,P <0.05),a lower delayed gastric emptying rate (OR =0.46,95% CI:0.37 ~ 0.59,P < 0.05),a lower abdominal infection rate (OR =0.68,95% CI:0.53 ~ 0.88,P < 0.05),a shorter hospital stay (WMD =-4.86,95% CI:-6.10 ~-3.62,P < 0.05)and intensive care stay (WMD =-1.04,95% CI:-2.01 ~-0.08,P < 0.05).No significant differences existed in the mortality,readmission and postoperative pancreatic fistula rates between the two groups.Conclusion Perioperative implementation of ERAS programs was safe and effective in pancreatic surgery,and decreased postoperative complication rates and promoted recovery.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1621-1625, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738197

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and epidemiological characteristics of placental abruption (PA) in Hebei province.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted to collect data on 218 880 pregnant women who were hospitalized in 22 hospitals which were under a monitoring program,in Hebei province,from January 1,2013 to December 31,2016.Data regarding epidemiological characteristics as time distribution,population distribution and related risk factors of placental abruption were gathered and analyzed.Results In this cohort study,218 880 women were included,with 669 (0.31%) of the pregnant women having PA.The overall prevalence rates were higher in the South than in the north parts of the area and higher in more developed regional economic centers.The average age of women having the episode was (27.87 ± 4.50) years and presented “J” distribution on the prevalence of maternal age.Results from the multivariate regression analysis showed that the following factors were independently at risk for placental abruption:pregnancy the including hypertension (OR=1.65,95%CI:1.09-2.50),mild preeclampsia (OR=3.65,95%CI:2.40-5.56),severe preeclampsia (OR=4.72,95%CI:3.86-5.76) and anemia (OR=2.41,95%CI:2.05-2.83) which were all increased in pregnant women with PA compared with the normal female population without placental abruption.Conclusions Placental abruption seemed to be associated with a moderate increasing risk of age,and was seen higher in those population older than 35 or younger than 20 year-olds.It was suggested that appropriate inoculation programs should be taken in different regions,especially on high-risk groups.Health education on related disease was of great significance for improving the prenatal outcome.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1270-1273, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738136

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between age and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) in pregnant women from Hebei province in 2016.Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted by using the clinical data of 64 909 pregnant women,delivering in 22 hospitals in Hebei in 2016.Descriptive statistics was used to describe the general data and pregnancy outcomes of pregnant women,andx2 test was used to compare the incidence of PIH in different age groups,and logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for PIH.Results The incidence of PIH was lowest in 20-29 year old women,and increased obviously in those aged <20 and >35 years (P<0.05),and the incidence was positively correlated with age.Logistic regression analysis showed that age,times of pregnancy,number of previous cesarean section and fetus number of current pregnancy were the risk factors for PIH (OR=1.293,1.153,1.307,3.607),while times of deliver and times of prenatal examination were the protective factors (OR=0.655,0.951).Conclusion Advanced age pregnancy and young age pregnancy would significantly increase the incidence of PIH.Prenatal care should be strengthened for pregnant women at risk for PIH.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1621-1625, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736729

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and epidemiological characteristics of placental abruption (PA) in Hebei province.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted to collect data on 218 880 pregnant women who were hospitalized in 22 hospitals which were under a monitoring program,in Hebei province,from January 1,2013 to December 31,2016.Data regarding epidemiological characteristics as time distribution,population distribution and related risk factors of placental abruption were gathered and analyzed.Results In this cohort study,218 880 women were included,with 669 (0.31%) of the pregnant women having PA.The overall prevalence rates were higher in the South than in the north parts of the area and higher in more developed regional economic centers.The average age of women having the episode was (27.87 ± 4.50) years and presented “J” distribution on the prevalence of maternal age.Results from the multivariate regression analysis showed that the following factors were independently at risk for placental abruption:pregnancy the including hypertension (OR=1.65,95%CI:1.09-2.50),mild preeclampsia (OR=3.65,95%CI:2.40-5.56),severe preeclampsia (OR=4.72,95%CI:3.86-5.76) and anemia (OR=2.41,95%CI:2.05-2.83) which were all increased in pregnant women with PA compared with the normal female population without placental abruption.Conclusions Placental abruption seemed to be associated with a moderate increasing risk of age,and was seen higher in those population older than 35 or younger than 20 year-olds.It was suggested that appropriate inoculation programs should be taken in different regions,especially on high-risk groups.Health education on related disease was of great significance for improving the prenatal outcome.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1270-1273, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736668

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between age and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) in pregnant women from Hebei province in 2016.Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted by using the clinical data of 64 909 pregnant women,delivering in 22 hospitals in Hebei in 2016.Descriptive statistics was used to describe the general data and pregnancy outcomes of pregnant women,andx2 test was used to compare the incidence of PIH in different age groups,and logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for PIH.Results The incidence of PIH was lowest in 20-29 year old women,and increased obviously in those aged <20 and >35 years (P<0.05),and the incidence was positively correlated with age.Logistic regression analysis showed that age,times of pregnancy,number of previous cesarean section and fetus number of current pregnancy were the risk factors for PIH (OR=1.293,1.153,1.307,3.607),while times of deliver and times of prenatal examination were the protective factors (OR=0.655,0.951).Conclusion Advanced age pregnancy and young age pregnancy would significantly increase the incidence of PIH.Prenatal care should be strengthened for pregnant women at risk for PIH.

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