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1.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 801-806, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992906

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the correlation between brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and inflammatory markers in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with depressive symptoms.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional study. RA patients' medical history were recorded and disease activity was evaluated. Serum BDNF, interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were tested and clinical inflammatory indicators such as C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), fibrinogen (FIB), serum amyloid A (SAA) were recorded. RA patients were instructed to fill in the patient health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scale by themselves. Patients with a score greater than or equal to 5 were included in the RA with depressive symptoms group, and patients with a score of 4 or less were included in the RA without depressive symptoms group. The changes in BDNF and inflammatory indexes were compared between the two groups. Correlation analysis of PHQ-9, BDNF, inflammatory markers and DAS28 was performed. Logistic regression analysis was performed to find the risk factors of depression in RA.Results:A total of 140 RA patients were enrolled in this study, and 66 patients (47.1%) with a PHQ-9 score greater than or equal to 5 were included in the RA with depressive symptoms group. Compared with the RA without depressive symptoms group, RA patients with high disease activity, single and living alone, poor economic self-awareness and unemployed were more likely to have depressive symptoms. The serum level of BDNF[(2 276±333) pg/ml vs (1 367±431) pg/ml, t=13.91, P<0.001], IL-6[(39±28) pg/ml vs (27±8) pg/ml, t=3.66, P<0.001], TNF-α[(9.0±7.2) pg/ml vs (6.6±3.9)pg/ml, t=2.43, P=0.035], CRP[(25±13) mg/L vs (17±11) mg/L, t=3.94, P<0.001], ESR[(48±18) mm/1 h vs (34±21) mm/1 h, t=4.14, P=0.024], Fib[(3.8±1.1) g/L vs (3.0±0.5) g/L, t=5.92, P=0.023], SAA[(64±39) mg/L vs (37±19) mg/L, t=5.32, P<0.001] in RA with depressive symptoms group were significantly higher than those in RA without depressive symptoms group. Serum BDNF was significantly positively correlated with PHQ-9 score ( r=0.66, P<0.001), IL-6( r=0.20, P=0.019), TNF-α ( r=0.14, P=0.090), CRP ( r=0.32, P<0.001), ESR ( r=0.20, P= 0.001), Fib ( r=0.28, P=0.001), SAA( r=0.28, P=0.001) and DAS28 ( r=0.37, P<0.001) . BDNF [ OR (95% CI) =1.578(1.257, 2.354), P=0.001], IL-6[ OR (95% CI) =1.073(1.012, 1.075), P=0.006], CRP[ OR(95% CI)=1.085(1.045, 1.178), P=0.001], SAA[ OR(95% CI)=1.125(1.004, 1.198), P=0.018] and unemployment were risk factors for depressive symptoms in RA. Conclusion:Serum BDNF is positively correlated with PHQ-9 scores, inflammatory markers and disease activity in RA patients. BDNF, IL-6, CRP, SAA and unemployment are risk factors for depressive symptoms in RA. Effective treatment of RA can reduce the occurrence of depression symptoms.

2.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 492-496, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933747

ABSTRACT

Undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) has clinical and laboratory characteristics of connective tissue disorders, but it can not meet the diagnostic criteria of any specific disease. Pregnancy complicated with UCTD is one of the most common rheumatic diseases in women of childbearing age. UCTD will increase the risk of adverse events of pregnancy, such as spontaneous abortion, preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, small for gestational age,recurrent implantation failure and so on. Pregnancy may lead to recurrence, aggravation and even serious complications of UCTD; multidisciplinary monitoring and appropriate treatment can improve the pregnancy outcome.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 488-491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of Cornell's note-taking method in pediatric nursing teaching.Methods:A total of 100 nursing students of 2019 who practiced in department of pediatrics were selected as the research objects, and they were randomly divided into a control group and a study group, with 50 students in each group. The control group used traditional teaching, and the research group used Cornell's note-taking method of teaching. After the internship, the teaching effect of the two groups of intern nursing students was evaluated through subject assessment, teaching satisfaction and teaching evaluation. SPSS 22.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The theoretical knowledge, nursing operation skills and comprehensive ability of the nursing students in the study group were better than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The satisfaction degree of nursing students in the control group was 90.00% (45/50), and the satisfaction degree of nursing students in the study group was 100.00% (50/50), with statistically significant differences ( χ2=5.26, P=0.022). More than 88% of interns in the research group believed that Cornell's note-taking method could mobilize learning initiative and enthusiasm, improve learning efficiency and knowledge mastery, improve analysis and problem-solving skills, cultivate assessment and comprehensive judgment skills, and enhance nurse-patient communication skills, thereby improving the overall quality. Conclusion:Cornell's note-taking method can improve the theoretical knowledge, clinical practice skills and comprehensive ability of pediatric nursing students, which is recognized by the interns, and obtains high teaching satisfaction and evaluation.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 81-83, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923343

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the distribution and drug-resistance characteristics of diarrhea related etiology in Panzhihua City, and to provide the basis for epidemiological investigation and clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods The fecal samples of 779 patients with diarrhea in Panzhihua city from October 2019 to October 2020 were collected. The pathogenic bacteria of diarrhea were isolated and drug sensitivity test was conducted. The epidemiological data of the occurrence of diarrhea, such as age and season, were analyzed and summarized. Results Atotal of 175 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated from the fecal samples of 779 diarrhea cases, with the isolation rate of 22.46% (175/779), including 65 strains of Salmonella, 39 strains of Vibrio, 51 strains of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli, 13 strains of Campylobacter and 7 strains of Shigella. 121 diarrhea virus positive samples were detected, and the positive detection rate was 15.53% (121/779). There were 55 cases of GII norovirus, 15 cases of GI, 45 cases of rotavirus, 2 cases of zaravirus and 4 cases of adenovirus. A total of 296 positive samples of pathogenic bacteria and viruses from diarrhea were collected, including 175 males (59.12%) and 121 females (40.88%), with a male to female ratio of 1.45:1. The age range was 2-65 years old, and the average age was (37.14±6.18) years old. The positive rate in the 0-14 year group was the highest (P2 =7.915)..The detection of diarrhea pathogenic bacteria showed obvious seasonality, and the positive rate was the highest in the third quarter (July to September) (P<0.05). The positive rate of diarrhea associated virus was the highest in the first quarter (January-March) and the fourth quarter (October-December) (P<0.05). The drug resistance test results showed that The drug resistance rates of diarrheogenic Escherichia coli and Salmonella to piperacillin/tazobactam, ceftazidime, imipenem and cefotaxime were relatively low (<30.00%). Conclusions The main pathogens causing diarrhea in Panzhihua City are Klebsiella, Salmonella, proteus, etc., and the multiple drug resistance is serious. The distribution of pathogens has obvious seasonal and age differences, so pathogen monitoring should be strengthened and effective measures should be taken to prevent and control the occurrence of drug resistance.

5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 766-780, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901675

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Venous thromboembolism (VTE), consisting of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is highly prevalent in in-hospital HF patients and contributes to worse prognoses. However, the risk of VTE in out-patients with HF in long-term period is controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between HF and the risk of VTE in a long-term follow-up duration. @*Methods@#We searched for studies investigating the risk of VTE, PE, and DVT in patients with HF before April 15, 2020, in PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase databases. Cohort studies and post hoc analysis of RCTs were eligible for inclusion if they reported relative risk of VTE, DVT or PE in patients with HF in more than 3-month follow-up period. @*Results@#We identified 31 studies that enrolled over 530,641 HF patients. Overall, patients with HF were associated with an increased risk of VTE (risk ratio [RR]=1.57, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.34–1.84) and PE (RR=2.00, 95% CI=1.38–2.89). However, the risk of DVT was not significantly increased in HF patients (RR=1.33, 95% CI=0.67–2.63). Subgroup analysis showed that patients with chronic HF (RR=1.54, 95% CI=1.32–1.80) had a higher risk of VTE than those with acute HF (RR=0.95, 95% CI=0.68–1.32). @*Conclusions@#In conclusion, HF was an independent risk for VTE and PE but not DVT in a longterm follow-up period. Patients with chronic HF were prone to suffer from VTE than acute HF.

6.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 212-215, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of acute leukemia patients during pregnancy.Methods:The clinical data of 16 cases with acute leukemia during pregnancy from January 2009 to December 2018 in the First Affiliated Hospital of USTC were retrospectively analyzed. The diagnosis and treatment regimens, pregnancy outcome, the early fetus and survival status of patients were also analyzed.Results:All 16 leukemia cases were confirmedly diagnosed and classified by bone marrow puncture, including 13 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (5 cases of non-acute promyelocytic leukemia and 8 cases of acute promyelocytic leukemia) and 3 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. At the time of confirmed diagnosis, 6 patients were in first trimester, 6 cases in second trimester and 4 cases in late trimester. As for pregnancy outcome, 1 patient had natural birthing, 5 patients underwent cesarean operation, 9 patients underwent artificial abortion and 1 patient had spontaneous abortion. Chemotherapy was performed in 15 patients during pregnancy, 11 patients received chemotherapy for treatment of primary disease after pregnancy, 3 patients died during the treatment. During the follow-up of 13 cases, 8 patients survived and 5 patients lost follow-up.Conclusions:Early diagnosis of acute leukemia during pregnancy is very important. Bone marrow puncture should be performed timely to make clear diagnosis when blood routine result is abnormal during antenatal care. Multidisciplinary consultation should be initiated in time, and the best treatment plan should be worked out to guard against serious complications during pregnancy.

7.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 766-780, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893971

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Venous thromboembolism (VTE), consisting of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is highly prevalent in in-hospital HF patients and contributes to worse prognoses. However, the risk of VTE in out-patients with HF in long-term period is controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between HF and the risk of VTE in a long-term follow-up duration. @*Methods@#We searched for studies investigating the risk of VTE, PE, and DVT in patients with HF before April 15, 2020, in PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase databases. Cohort studies and post hoc analysis of RCTs were eligible for inclusion if they reported relative risk of VTE, DVT or PE in patients with HF in more than 3-month follow-up period. @*Results@#We identified 31 studies that enrolled over 530,641 HF patients. Overall, patients with HF were associated with an increased risk of VTE (risk ratio [RR]=1.57, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.34–1.84) and PE (RR=2.00, 95% CI=1.38–2.89). However, the risk of DVT was not significantly increased in HF patients (RR=1.33, 95% CI=0.67–2.63). Subgroup analysis showed that patients with chronic HF (RR=1.54, 95% CI=1.32–1.80) had a higher risk of VTE than those with acute HF (RR=0.95, 95% CI=0.68–1.32). @*Conclusions@#In conclusion, HF was an independent risk for VTE and PE but not DVT in a longterm follow-up period. Patients with chronic HF were prone to suffer from VTE than acute HF.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 517-521,C8-2, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical characteristics and identify potential factors of the early-stage hip involvement in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) based on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Methods:A retrospective group control study was carried out in 570 AS patients who were consecutively admitted to our hospital from 2014 to 2018. Patients with hip pain or hip function limitation but lacking definitive evidence of hip involvement on radiography were underwent hip MRI. Patients were divided into three groups: no hip involvement, early-stage hip involvement (hip involvement detected by MRI but with negative radiographs) and advanced-stage hip involvement (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Radiology Index-hip score ≥2). The study factors included demographic, laboratory, clinical and radiographic data. Simple and multiple ordinal logistic regression analysis were used to identify factors associated with the early-stage hip involvement and advanced-stage hip involvement.Results:A total of 236 patients (41.4%) presented with hip involvement, in which 146 cases (25.6%) were diagnosed with early-stage hip involvement, while 90 cases (15.8%) were diagnosed with advanced-stage hip involvement. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that older age at onset [ OR=0.80, 95% CI (0.72, 0.90), P<0.01], more active inflammation in the sacroiliac joints [ OR=1.13, 95% CI(1.07, 1.18), P<0.01] and worse BASMI score [ OR=3.06, 95% CI(2.14, 4.13), P<0.01] were associated with the occurrence of early-stage hip involvement. Conclusion:MRI is superior to radiography in detecting early-stage hip involvement. MRI is more suitable for hip involvement assessment in AS patients with suspected symptoms or risk factors of hip involvement.

9.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3602-3605, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663700

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of Febuxostat on NALP3 inflammasome in chronic gouty arthri-tis. Methods A total of 89 patients with chronic gouty arthritis and 50 healthy cases were enrolled in this study and 89 patients were divided into Benzbromarone group,Allopurinol group,Febuxostat group and placebo group. The expression of NALP3 inflammasome mRNA and the protein were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. Re-sults The levels of Uric Acid,NALP3,ASC and caspase-1 mRNA in chronic gouty arthritis patients were higher than those in healthy cases before treatment(#P = 0.000);the level of NALP3 in benzbromarone and allopurinol group had no change after treatment(*P<0.05).The levels of NALP3 mRNA and caspase-1 mRNA in Febuxostat group were lower but the level of ASC mRNA was higher than those in other groups after treatment(*P < 0.05). Conclusions NALP3 inflammatory may be associated with chronic gouty arthritis. Febuxostat can effectively re-duce the level of Uric Acid,and affect the function of NALP3 inflammasome.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3765-3768, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697524

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the diagnosis and treatment of hip gouty arthritis.Methods Retrospective analysis of cases of gouty arthritis from 2014 January to 2017 March was conducted.Patients with gouty arthritis were divided into hip joint group and common joint group (without invaded hip) and hip joint group was further divided into acute group and chronic group.Clinical data of each group were compared.Results Compared with common joint group,hip joint group usually combined with obesity or previous ipsilateral hip trauma history.Male patients in hip joint group were younger and the patients with unilateral hip involvement were without obvious local swelling,heat and pain.CT scan and sonography can provide assistance for early diagnosis and operation or pathological diagnosis was needed for the confirmation when necessary.Conclusions Hip gouty arthritis lacks specific diagnostic criteria in clinic,and is easily confused with other diseases associated with hip.Therefore,the possibility of the hip gouty arthritis should be taken into consideration when the diagnosis of the hip disease is not clear.

11.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 214-218, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515165

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of disease progression and adverse pregnancy outcome in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) during pregnancy.Methods Clinical data of 118 pregnant women with SLE admitted from June 2004 to October 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into selective pregnant group (group A,n =72 cases) and non-selective pregnant group (group B,n =46) according to the disease activity of SLE.The disease progression and pregnancy outcomes were compared between two groups.Results The various system damages occurred in group B,including hematological damage in 16 cases,kidney damage in 19 cases,erythra in 10 cases,arthritis in 10 and serositis in 12 cases;while the corresponding cases in group A were 10,14,6,4 and 4(x2 =7.133,P=0.008;x2 =6.658,P =0.010;x2 =4.304,P =0.038;x2 =7.030,P =0.008;x2 =10.095,P =0.001).SLE exacerbation occurred in 28 cases (74%) of group B and 12 cases (17%) of group A (x2 =34.944,P =0.000).The logistic regression analysis showed that hypocomplementemia,proteinuria,SLEDAI score before pregnancy and positive anti-dsDNA antibody were the risk factors of SLE disease exacerbation during pregnancy.The maternal complications occurred in group B,including pregnancyinduced hypertension in 7 cases,preeclampsia in 10 cases and infections in 11 cases/times;while the corresponding cases (case/time) in group A were 2,6 and 4 (x2 =4.526,P =0.033;x2 =4.304,P =0.038;x2 =8.525,P =0.004).There were 14 cases of therapeutic induced labor,7 case of stillbirth and 27 cases of total fetal loss in group B,while the corresponding cases in group A were 2,0 and 4 (x2=18.317,P =0.000;x2 =9.080,P =0.003;x2 =40.920,P =0.0300).The logistic regression analysis showed that positive anticardiolipin antibody,proteinuria,SLEDAI score before pregnancy and renal dysfunction during pregnancy were risk factors of fetal loss.There were 87 cases of successful delivery (73.7%),the successful delivery rates were 41.3% (19/46) in group B and 94.4% (68/72) from group A,respectively.The infant complications occurred in group B,including premature birth in 15 cases,low birth weight in 13 cases,neonatal jaundice in 5 cases and mild asphyxia in 5 cases;while the corresponding cases in group A were 24,18,4 and 2 (x2 =11.442,P =0.001;x2 =11.395,P =0.001;x2 =4.664,P =0.031;x2 =8.035,P =0.005).Conclusion SLE patients whose disease conditions are not well controlled would lead to higher percentage of disease deterioration during pregnancy and worse pregnancy outcomes.

12.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 290-294, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511041

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the status of glucocorticoid application in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in China.Methods Epidemiological survey was used.The SLE patients who met the 1997 classification criteria of American College of Rheumatology were enrolled.The usage of glucocorticoid and related adverse reactions were recorded and analyzed.Results A total of 400 SLE patients were enrolled,including 35 men and 365 women.The average age was (37.4 ± 14.0) years old,and the average duration of disease was (6.7 ± 5.8) years.There were 310 patients using glucocorticoid as maintenance.Sixty-one percent (n =244) patients started using medium dose (prednisone 30-< 60 mg/d) as the initial treatment of glucocorticoid,which lasted for (37 ± 11) days.The time of drug duration in patients with low dose prednisone (7.5-<30 mg/d)and high dose (60-100 mg/d) was(92 ± 20)and (17 ± 3) days respectively (P < 0.05 between 3 groups).However,patients receiving different initial dosage were of no discrepancy in the maintenance therapy.During maintenance,even though 51.0% (n =158) patients were on prednisone 2.5-5 mg/d,the duration of drug use in > 5-10 mg/d groupwas longer [(29.9 ± 3.3) months].Patients with involvement of internal organs had a higher tendency to use 60-100 mg/d prednisone or pulse-dose therapy in the initial treatment,nevertheless these two groups had no difference of maintenance dosage.Among all 400 patients,62 patients withdrew glucocorticoid,including 17 patients with disease remission (4.3%),44 by self-withdrawal and one with adverse reaction.Conclusion In China,the medium dosage of glucocorticoid is the most common initial treatment in patients with SLE.Prednisone 2.5-5 mg/d was the most common choicefor maintenance therapy.Currently,the proportion of glucocorticoid withdrawal remains low in SLE patients achieving remission.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 405-410, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493551

ABSTRACT

Objective In the present study, we investigated the effects of advanced oxidation protein products(AOPP) on reactive oxygen species(ROS) production in murine osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells by NADPH oxidase enzymes pathway. Methods Experiments were divided into three groups, including control group, rats albumin(RSA) group, and AOPP group. Different concentrations of AOPP were added to the osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells culture medium. The production of ROS in MC3T3-E1 cells was measured by the fluorescence intensity of intracellular fluoroprobe ( DCFD ) . In order to verify the effect of enzyme of the production of ROS, the specific inhibitors of corresponding enzymes were added in the MC3T3-E1 cells which were cultured in the medium with AOPP. Finally, western blot and immunofluorescence were used to observe the changes of NADPH oxidase enzymes subunits. Results Different concentrations of AOPP (50,100,200μg/ml) induced MC3T3-E1 cells to produce different amount of ROS. The higher concentrations of AOPP were added, the more ROS were produced. Furthermore,200μg/ml AOPP induced the maximum amount of ROS production(P<0. 05). Meanwhile, AOPP induced MC3T3-E1 cells to produce different amount of ROS with a time-dependent manner. The peak amount of ROS production in MC3T3-E1 cells was observed in 3h when AOPP were added (P<0. 05). In addition, when specific inhibitors of corresponding enzymes were added in the MC3T3-E1 cells, the production of ROS were significantly suppressed by C-SOD, DPI, and apocynin(P<0. 05). On the other hand, AOPP can up-regulate the expression of Nox4 protein of the MC3T3-E1 cells, which is one of the subunits of NADPH oxidase enzymes. Meanwhile, AOPP can also induce the membrane migration of p47phox subunit. Conclusion AOPP induces osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells to produce ROS by NADPH oxidase enzymes pathway, and which may be one of the pathogenesis of AOPP involved in osteoporosis.

14.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 430-433, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464426

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical application of nasal-insertion type ileus-tube in the treatment of adhesive small intestinal obstruction. Methods A total of 221 patients with simple adhesive small intestinal obstruction, who were admitted to authors’ hospital during the period from January 2010 to Aug. 2014, were enrolled in this study. The patients were randomly divided into nasal-insertion type ileus-tube group (n=111) and nasogastric tube group (n=110). After the procedure, the patients were kept under close observation, focusing on the abdominal distention, gastrointestinal decompression amount, the recovery time of anal exhaustion and defecation, the vanishing time of intestinal air-liquid plane on erect abdominal X-ray film, etc. The cure rate, effective rate and transit-operation rate were calculated. The results were compared between the two groups. Results The tube placement operation was successfully performed in all patients. Compared with the nasogastric tube group, in the nasal-insertion type ileus-tube group the recovery time of abdominal distention, anal exhaustion and defecation and the vanishing time of intestinal air-liquid plane on erect abdominal X-ray film were obviously shorter, and the gastrointestinal decompression amount was larger. In the nasal-insertion type ileus-tube group the cure rate and effective rate were significantly increased, while the transit-operation rate was decreased; the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion For the treatment of adhesive small intestinal obstruction, the placement of nasal-insertion type ileus-tube is effective and reliable. This technique can strikingly improve the clinical symptoms, therefore, it is worthy of promotion and application in clinical practice.

15.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1123-1125, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464411

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the serum 25- OH-D levels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and investigate the function of vitamin D in the pathogenesis of SLE. Methods Eighty SLE patients including 40 healthy donors and 40 RA (rheumatoid arthritis) patients were enrolled in this study. Serum 25-OH-D levels were detected with ECL method. Results (1)Serum 25-OH-D levels in patients with active SLE were lower than those with inactive SLE patients and healthy controls. (2)Serum 25-OH-D levels were negatively correlated with SLEDAI (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index) scores (r = -0.45,P < 0.01) and 24-hours urinary protein excretion (r = -0.32,P < 0.05). Conclusion Serum 25-OH-D levels in SLE patients decrease and have close relationship with disease activity and renal lesions.

16.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1405-1406,1409, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599225

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic values of vaginitis five of the joint inspection kit combined with microscopic examination for common vaginal disease.Methods The vaginal secretions samples from 4 114 outpatients were tested with LTS-V400 vaginitis five of the joint inspection kit and microscopic examination.The examination results of age groups were analyzed and compared.Results In all 4 114 cases of samples,the positive rate of trichomonad(1.95%)was significantly lower than that of fun-gi(4.74%),P 40-50-age group,which were 1.95%,6.10%,14.15%,10.24% and 46.34%,respectively. The positive rates of H2 O2 ,pH >4.5 and pH 50 age group,which were 85.43%,86.09%,and 0.66%,respectively.The positive rates of trichomonad,SNA,LE,H2 O2 ,pH>4.5 and pH<3.8 were statistically different a-mong the age groups(P <0.05 ).Conclusion Vaginitis five of the joint inspection kit combined with microscopic examination is suitable for the diagnosis of trichomonas vaginitis,mouldsex vaginitis,and bacterial vaginal disease .

17.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1131-1134, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428165

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the expression and significance of Thl7 cells in peripheral blood of patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).MethodsThirty-three active RA and 27 stable RA patients and 30 healthy individuals were enrolled in the study.Intracellular flow cytometry detection of TH17 cells in peripheral blood was established.The correlations between Th17 cells and RA disease activity (DAS28 scale) as well as bone erosion were analyzed.ResultsThe expressions of Th17 cells in the patients with RA were significantly higher than those of healthy controls [ ( 1.60 ± 0.51 ) % vs (0.81 ± 0.21 ) %,t =10.30,P < 0.001 ].The Th17 levels in active RA patients were also higher than that of stable RA patients and healthy subjects [ ( 1.94 ±0.38 ) % vs ( 1.19 ± 0.27) %,t =8.85,14.60,P < 0.01 ].And the Th1 7 levels in stable RA patients were also higher than that of healthy subjects (t =5.88,P <0.01 ).Active RA patients with bone erosion ( 19 cases) also had higher levels of Th17 cells than those without bone erosion ( 14 cases) [ ( 2.09 ± 0.39 ) % vs.( 1.74 ±0.29 ) %,t =2.83,P < 0.01 ].The expression of Th17 cells was positively correlated with the DAS28 score ( r =0.86,P < 0.01 ).ConclusionThere is a high expression of Th17 cells in peripheral blood of RA patients,which is related to disease activity and bone erosion.Th17 cells might play an important role in the pathogenesis of RA.

18.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 648-651,658, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601770

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the genetic abnormalities of multiple myeloma (MM)patients by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).MethodsWith the application of FISH,sequence specific DNA probes (IGH,DI3S319/p53 and 1q21/RB1) were applied to detect 14q32 rearrangement,del(13q14),del (17p13)and gain of lq21.Forty-four MM patients were enrolled in this study.ResultsThirty-two cases (72.7 %) detected by FISH had genetic abnormality in 44 cases,lq21 amplification was observed in 11 cases (25.0 %),while RB1 deletion in 17 cases (38.6 %),D13S319 deletion in 16 cases (36.4 %),p53 deletion in 6 cases(13.6 %)and 14q32 translocation in 19 cases(43.2 %).The patients with one abnormality was detected in 10 cases(22.7 %),two abnormalities in 11 cases(25.0 %),three abnormalities in 8 cases (18.2 %),4 abnormalities in 3 cases(6.8 %).28 were found to undergo split-phase by conventional cytogenetic in 44 patients.The patients with genetic abnormalities detected by conventional G-banding was 2 cases (7.14 %),the difference with that in FISH was significant (P <0.05).Genetic abnormalities compared with clinical parameters showed that β2-MG in IGH gene abnormal patients were significantly higher than those without such abnormalities (P <0.05).Patients with bone marrow plasma cells of lq21 amplification were higher than those with normal karotypes(P <0.05),CRE was significantly higher among lq21 amplification and p53 deletion patients (P <0.05),CRP was significantly higher among p53 deletion patients (P <0.05).No significant difference was oberserved in relationship of the chromosome aberration and age,the chromosome aberration and stage.ConclusionThe most common genetic abnormalities in MM is IGH rearrangement and absence of RB1 and D13S319,followed by lq21 amplification,the least is p53 deletion.FISH is a rapid and sensitive technique to refine chromosome aberrations in MM.The specific detection for genomic features of MM is proved to be correlative with its clinicopathologic characteristics and the prognosis.

19.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 168-171, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471339

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the treatment efficacy and safety of a modified GMALL protocol for adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Methods Data of 37 patients with newly diagnosed adult ALL treated with a modified GMALL protocol from January 2005 to December 2009 were retrospectively analyzed,and compared with that of 44 patients treated with an in-house conventional protocol at the same period.Results The complete remission (CR) rate was 89.2 %(33/37) treated with modified GMALL protocol. The cumulative overall survival (OS) rates at 1 year, 2 years, 3 years and 4 years were 77.5 %, 48.0 %, 40.0 %and 40.0 %, respectively. The main adverse events were grade 3 or grade 4 hematological toxicities and infections which were easily managed, and the treatment-related mortality rate was low. The OS of modified GMALL protocol was superior to that of the conventional protocol. Conclusion The modified GMALL protocol has a satisfying effect and the adverse events can be tolerated for adult ALL, so its clinical application can be encouraged.

20.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1075-1077, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398081

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and significance of B lymphocyte stimulator (Blys) and its receptor BAFF (BAFF-R) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods The expression of Blys and BAFF-R was measured by flow cytometry in 90 pa-tients with SLE,which was compared with that of 45 healthy controls. The relationships between the expression of Blys, BAFF-R and other laboratory parameters as well as disease activity were analyzed. Results The expression of Blys and BAFF-R in PBMCs from patients with SLE was significantly elevated compared to healthy controls (P <0.001), so did the active group (P < 0.001) and inactive group (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01). The expression of Blys in PBMCs from active SLE patients was higher than that of inactive patients (P <0.05). However,there was no statisti-cal difference of BAFF-R between the two groups. The expression of Blys in PBMCs was positively related to SLEDAI (r =0.728,P <0.001) ,IgG and IgM(r=0.691,P<0.001 and r =0.453,P<0.01) ,but negatively related to C3 and CA (r = -0.510, P < 0.001 and r = -0.312, P < 0.05). The expression of Blys in dsDNA positive group was higher than those of dsDNA negative group (P < 0.01). The expression of Blys and BAFF-R in Cl qAb positive group was higher than those of ClqAb negative group as well (P <0.01). Conclusion The expression of Blys and its receptor BAFF-R in PBMCs from SLE is elevated ,which may reflect the disease activity and is related to the pro-duction of autoantibody. They might be involved in the pathogenesis of SLE.

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